CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 3

Mississippi -- North Carolina

South Carolina


New Covers Added 21 JUN 2024

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript


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Table of Contents
MISSISSIPPI NORTH
CAROLINA
SOUTH
CAROLINA



-- MISSISSIPPI --

MS366

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Jackson, Miss CDS with a MAY date. Dark brown corase paper cover addressed to Mrs. Helen L. Oatis, Monticello, Miss. The addressee was the wife of Major Martin A. Oatis of the 22nd Miss Inf who most likely sent this cover. The cover therefore dates from MAY 1863, which is an early use for this stamp, as the 22nd Miss Inf was in the Jackson area at that time and was involved in the Vicksburg Campaign. Also, Mrs. Oatis died some time in 1864. Major Oatis, a lawyer by profession, survived the war and later relocated toTexas.  Very clean cover. $100.00
MS392

CSA #43xu1 Jackson, Miss Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional 12 DEC 1861. Military Address to T. J. Chrisman Care of Cap Nelson 24th Miss Regiment Obanonville via Pensacola, Florida. T. J. Chrisman left the 24th Miss Regt and re-enlisted in the 36th Miss Inf and was reported as Killed-in-Action at Baker’s Creek during the Siege of Vicksburg. This cover is listed on Page 464 of the Crown Survey. Somewhat reduced at left with an edge and lower left corner repair but still an overall Very Fine appearance and clear strikes of the postal markings. CSA Certificate 1991. $500.00
MS412

CSA #43xu1 Jackson, Miss PAID 5 CENTS Provisional 10 OCT (1861). Military Address to Genl C. Y. Dahlgren, Army of the Sea Coast, Shieldsboro, Miss. C. Y. Dahlgren held state rank and was not a regular CSA general. He commanded the Mississippi state troops gathered by Governor Pettus to defend the Mississippi Gulf Coast early in the war. Cover is complete with just a little light foxing. $750.00
MS425

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Grenada, Miss CDS with a more complete strike of the same CDS to the left dated 20 MAY (1865). The cover is dated as to year by the original letter which remains with the cover. Very dark coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover with a repaired upper left corner. Addressed to Rev E. L. Compere, Casyville, Miss. This cover is believed to be the current latest known legitimate Confederate use of a  General Issue Stamp East of the Mississippi River. A very important Confederate postal history cover and the subject of a Confederate Philatelist article published in the Second Quarter 2016 issue of the journal. A copy of the journal issue containing the article is included with the cover. $2,250.00
SOLD 
MS427

CSA #4 Stone 2 Horz Pair (not plated) (margin close at top) tied by the Columbus, Miss CDS 16 JUL (1862). Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mary E. Terral, Quitman, Miss. Very clean cover. $300.00
MS428

CSA #4 Stone 2 Vert Pair affixed sideways Plated as Positions 6, 16 (margin in at the top) tied by two full strikes of the Columbus, Miss CDS 21 MAY (1862). Addressed to Miss Mag Shores, Seven Islands, Fluvannah County, Va. Part of backflap missing, but still a very attractive cover. $325.00
MS432

CSA #43xu1 Jackson, Miss PAID 5 CENTS Provisional 5 JUN (1861) (early use). Orange paper cover from the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Very clean cover. Ex-Brandon. $550.00
MS433

CSA #14xu1 Canton, Miss PAID 5 Provisional 8 AUG 1861. From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence with usual filing pinholes. Very clean appearing cover with bold strikes of the postal markings with a professional restoration to the bottom edge. Ex-Matz. $1,700.00
MS447

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close at the top tied by the Jackson, Miss sans serif CDS with a FEB date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. J. Haile Care of Mr. J. B. Stirling, Washington Co., Pleasant Valley, Alabama. Very Fine. $125.00
MS460

CSA #7 two singles (irregular margins) tied together and to the cover by the Monticello, Mi(ss) CDS 17 APR (1863 by period receiving docketing). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Col Jno. Duncan, Jackson, Miss. The addressee was a prominent landowner and attorney in Jackson, and the "Col" title was honorary. Very Fine Cover. $125.00
MS498

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Jackson, Miss CDS with a SEP date. This is the last Jackson postmark used in the Confederate period from mid 1863 to May 1865 and had only the month without a day logo. Addressed to W. H. Brown Esq, Macon, Miss. Clean appearing cover with just a little edge wear, a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, and a light water stain at the right lower corner. $100.00
MS511

CSA #4 most likely Stone 3 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Baldwin, Miss CDS 2 JUN (1862). When the postmark was made, the name of the town was misspelled. The correct spelling is Baldwyn, Mississippi. Addressed to Mrs. S. M. Meek, Columbus, Miss By Mr Leach. Lady's type cover with an embossed decorative border. The addressee was the wife of Samuel Mills Meek (1835-1901) a lawyer in Columbus, Mississippi. He served as Capt of Co H 35th Miss Inf 5/1/1862 until his resignation 3/31/1863. He also served as Lt Col of the 1st Miss State Troops. Sealed edge tear top center, otherwise a very clean cover. $150.00
MS515

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin touches at the right but with a small sheet margin on the left) tied by a fully strike of the brownish Osyka, Miss CDS 7 FEB (1862). From the Carroll, Hoy & Co., New Orleans, Louisiana correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very clean cover. $350.00
MS524

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Canton, Mi(ss) CDS 30 OCT (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Edward Brown, Sunny Side PO, Cumberland Co., Virg(inia). The orginal letter, written on an unused ledger sheet, remains with the cover which is datelined "San Augustine (Texas) Oct 5th 1863." This is well after the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson giving the Union the complete control of the Mississippi River. This is also before the 40c Trans-Mississippi Express Mail was put into service in late October 1863. The cover was privately carried covertly across the Mississippi River from Texas to Canton, Miss where it was put into the CSA postal system for ultimate delivery to Virginia. The opening of the letter makes that clear "About getting letters across the Mississippi. I have deferred writing until I could send one across by private conveyance." The letter goes on to state "Persons can cross the river at night below the mouth of the Red River." More information in the letter about a land purchase and the recent fight at Sabine Pass (Texas) 9/8/1863 which was a Confederate victory blocking the attempted invasion of Texas. A typed transcript of the letter is included. Cover shows some edge and corner wear with an interior fold reinforced with archival tape and a missing back flap. Cover still has a clean appearance and is ready to exhibit as proven covert mail across the Mississippi River at this time is quite scarce. The letter is very fine.

Samuel Wilson (1811-1886), the sender of the letter, is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a wealthy farmer is San Augustine, Texas. He was born in Virginia and came to Texas in 1836 and served as a private in the Red River Guards in 1836 during the Texas War for Independence. Edward S. Brown (1818-1908), the addressee, was a prominent planter and lawyer in Cumberland County, Virginia. The two may have been related (possibly through marriage) as there are also some apparent family notes included in the letter.
$1,250.00
SOLD
MS555

CSA 43xu1 stampless provisional cover with the Jackson, Miss CDS 28 JUL (1861) and the PAID 5 CENTS provisional handstamp in BLACK. Pink lined commercially made lady's type cover addressed to Miss Pattie Hyland Care of Wm. S. Hyland Esqr., Warrenton, Warren, Miss. Part of top back flap missing and a sealed edge tear at top center. Very clean cover. $550.00
MS576

CSA #14xu1 stampless PAID 5 Provisional with the Canton, Miss CDS 13 JAN 1862. From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine. Ex-Bogg. PF Certificate 2015. Listed in the Crown Census as a very late use of this stampless provisional. $2,500.00
MS596

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 30 (4-Margin but very tight at the top center) tied by the Columbus, Miss CDS with a second strike of the same CDS to the left 25 JAN (1862). Yellow paper cover from the Corroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Usual filing pinholes. Just a little light foxing and a sealed back flap opening tear.  $275.00

MS601
4/13/2024
CSA #5 Dull Rose (4-Margin very minor edge gum toning) tied by the Holly Springs, Miss CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. W. LeRoy Brown (unsure of the last name because of the handwriting), Beaver Dam Depot, Hanover Co., Virginia. Holly Springs, Miss, was on the Mississippi Central Railroad, and Beaver Dam Depot, Va, was on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. There is a good chance that this cover likely went by railroad in 1862. Very Fine. $750.00
Sale
Pending

MS602
6/14/2024
CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin touches at right) tied by a partial strike of the Natchez, Miss CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. Alexander Campbell Jr, Flowery Mound, Concordia Parish, La. Overall Advertising Cover in light gray "Meyer, Deutsch & Co., Wholesale & Retail Dealer Fancy & Staple Dry Goods, Main St., Natchez." "Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Umbrellas &O&O Constantly on Hand." Cameo of the company building with horses and carriage in front. Design not listed in the CSA Catalog. Sealed back flap opening tears and a sealed edge tear at top center. Very clean appearing cover.$500.00
Sale
Pending

MS603
6/14/2024
CSA #12 (AD) (margins close left and right, right lower corner clipped in the margin, and gum toning around the edges) pen-canceled and tied by a pen stroke. Manuscript postal markings to the left "Canton Miss Sept 1/63". Wallpaper Adversity cover with a Gray and White geometric pattern displayed flapped down from the upper left corner. Addressed to Mr. F. F Hill, Greensboro, Green(e) County, Alabama. A little light staining and a missing back flap, but still quite an attractive wallpaper cover.

The cover is clearly period. The handwriting is period as is the fact that Greensboro, Alabama, was in Greene county in 1863. Greensboro shifted to the newly formed  Hale County in 1867. The addressee, Fabias F. Hill, is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a wealthy planter in Greene County, Alabama, worth $40,000 (about $1,500,000 in today's dollars). This is the only Canton, Miss, cover I have ever seen with a manuscript postal marking. I also did as good a search as I could and did not find another one. There may be others of which I am not aware. I am at a loss to accurately explain why the Canton postmaster used a manuscript at this time instead of one of his postal devices. It could have had to do with a short Union occupation of Canton in late July 1863 which lasted into August 1863 during which the railroads in the area were destroyed by Union troops and public property in Canton was burned which presumably included the post office. After destroying the railroads, the Union troops left the area. Certainly a very interesting cover.
$500.00
Sale
Pending

MS605
6/14/2024
Stampless cover with the BLUE Fayette, Miss balloon CDS with matching BLUE handstamp "10" Type C (presumably sent as a PAID) 18 AUG (1864). Military Address to Charles B. Collier, Co E, 24th Texas (Cav), Army of Tenn, Atlanta, Georgia. This cover is dated in the summer of 1864 and originated in Tyler County, Texas, and was carried privately and covertly across the Mississippi River from Tyler County and posted on the other side of the river in Fayette, Miss. Lengthy folded letter from James G. Collier to his soldier son. The letter is datelined "Tyler Co(unty), Texas, 4th August 1864." Near the beginning of the letter, the writer states that "Col Bundy will start to Mobile in a few days and has promised to take this across the river (Mississippi) & mail it" which confirms how the letter crossed the river more than a year after the fall of Vicksburg. The letter written on a lined ledger page is fairly easy to read and has much family news and also mentions some fighting at various locations. Very clean cover with a few fold splits reinforced with archival tape.

Charles Bruce Collier (1837-1888) entered service as a private in Co E 24th Tex Cav some time in 1863. Records are sketchy but somewhere along the line he was commissioned and ended service as a 2nd Lieut. After the war, he returned home to Tyler County, Texas, and worked as a carpenter.

James G. Collier (1812-1896) was a farmer among other things and a prominent citizen of Tyler County holding a number of county offices and positions. He had service early in the war (November 1861 - June 1862) as a Captain in Co D "Spaight's'" Battalion (11th Battalion) Texas Volunteers.
$500.00
Sale
Pending

MS606
6/14/2024
Stampless PAID and DUE cover with the Ripley, Miss CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 7 FEB (1862). Addressed to Miss Susan  A. Yancy, Claton County Ga, Rough and Ready PO. "Clayton Co Ga" at the top is lined through and inked out presumably because the name of the county is misspelled (Clayton) but spelled correctly in the address below. The cover transitted through Memphis where the DUE 5 handstamp Type G was applied as the cover was underpaid for distance over 500 miles. Overall Advertising Cover in pink for "A. Brown & Co, General Merchants, Ripley, Miss." The advertising shows a large illustration of horses pulling a freight wagon. The original letter is also included datelined "Ripley Miss February 5th 1862" from an uncle to his niece and his brother. The letter is family only but does mention several family deaths. Complete cover and quite attractive.$850.00
Sale
Pending

MS607
6/14/2024
CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 29 (4-Margin with very light gum toning at the lower right corner and two random printing flaws CC 1-1-v7) tied by a weak strike of an unidentified Mississippi CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Rushing, Smith & Mahon, Marion, Miss. Overall Advertising Cover in gray "Agency of Mississippi Penitentiary I. H. Smith Agt." The name of the agent is lined through indicating that he was no longer the agent. The agency would have handled all purchasing for the prison. On the back is a printer's imprint from New York. Signed "Dietz" on the top back flap. Reduced at left. Sill a clean appearing cover with a nice stamp.  $350.00
Sale
Pending

MS608
6/14/2024
CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin in at the bottom) tied with an apparent rolled strike of a Grid cancel and the small double circle Vicksburg, Miss CDS 28 JAN 1862. Other covers show that Vicksburg used a grid cancel at this time. Addressed to Mr. Wallach, Assayer, 97 1/2 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. Handstamp boxed ADV is a New Orleans mark Type F indicating that the cover was not claimed in New Orleans and was "Advertised." Overall Advertising Cover in light gray for "Klein & Brothers, Fine Watches, Jewlery, Cutlery, Pistols, Vicksburg, Miss" and the imprint of a NY printer. Slight staining at the upper left. Light horizontal central file fold. This is not a full cover but a FRONT ONLY. $250.00
Sale
Pending

-- NORTH CAROLINA --

NC325

CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin) tied by the High Point NC Balloon CDS (small part struck off the top of the cover) 31 OCT. Blue paper cover addressed to Miss Mag Stockton Statesville NC. Part of backflap missing but otherwise Very Fine and a very decent example of the balloon CDS.
$150.00
NC359

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Warsaw NC CDS 15 OCT (1862). Coarse paper (possible homemade) cover addressed to Miss Annie Small Harrington’s Harnett Cty, N. Carolina. Very Fine. $275.00
NC371

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a right sheet margin and a little edge nick at the top cnter in the margin only and not into the design) tied by the small Raleigh NC double circle CDS in Blue 26 AUG. There is a second strike of the CDS to the left. Coarse brown paper cover (quite probably homemade) addressed to Mrs. Mattie E. Huff Care J. A. Virgin, Macon, Georgia. Backflap opening tear but a clean cover with a very nice stamp.
$250.00
NC389

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue with part of the adjacent stamp visible at the right) tied by the usual somewhat weak strike of the RED Raleigh NC small double circle CDS (not commonly seen in red) with date not fully apparent. Light coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Jno. M. Kirkland esq, Hillsboro NC. A little light foxing and a backflap opening tear but otherwise a Very Fine appearance.
$125.00
NC410

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with right sheet margin) tied by the small single rim Pittsboro NC CDS with an OCT (1862) date. Addressed to Mr. Thomas S. Dowd, St Lawrence Chatham Co NC. Minor backflap opening tears but otherwise a Very Fine cover with a gorgeous stamp. $475.00
NC474

CSA #13b (4-Margin Dark Green) tied by a partial strike of the Oxford NC CDS 13 APR. Somewhat faded address to James Lamon, Henderson NC. Very decent example of this difficult stamp on cover. PF Certificate 1982.
$950.00
NC563

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Weldon NC CDS 13 MAY (1864). Small coarse brown paper cover which is complete addressed to Mr. Samuel D. Booker, Clarksville Mecklenburg Co., Virginia. The addressee had three sons in Co K 34th Va Inf which in May 1864 was attached to the Department of North Carolina and South Virginia until October 1864. Cover most likely originated from one of his sons in this unit. Very Fine.
$100.00
NC597

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional 21 AUG 1861. Nice Blue and Red combination with excellent strikes of the postal markings. Addressed to Thos Webb Esq, Hillsboro, N. Carolina.  Backflap opening tears and a small sealed edge tear at upper left, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. $450.00
NC636

Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with the Elkin NC negative letters CDS 8 APR. The postmark is only partially struck and shows some ink erosion, But still a very presentable cover with a not commonly seen postmark. Addressed to Mrs. H. H. Patton, Asheville NC. $250.00
NC638



CSA #11c (AD) (margin close at the top Greenish-Blue) affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap and tied by the Mocksville NC CDS 22 APR (1864). The cover was opened from the side, and the stamp was therefore left undamaged. Very small but complete blue paper cover with Military Address to Major W. B. Clement, 10th Va Cavalry, Lee’s Cavalry Brigade (W. H. F. Lee), Richmond, Virginia. The address is lined through and the cover forwarded without additional charge to Staunton, Va as the cover was addressed to a soldier in the field. William Bailey Clement (1835-1895) entered service as Captain of Co H 10th Va Cav (a company made up of North Carolina soldiers) in Oct 1861 and promoted Major in Sept 1863. His later promotion to Lt Col was “suspended” (reason not stated). Paroled at Salisbury NC 5/1/1865. After the war, he lived as a merchant in Mocksville. Very Fine Cover. $200.00
NC644

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE 8 SEP 1861 and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED with excellent strikes of both marks. Addressed to Mrs Elizabeth Glenn, Walker(s)ville Union County NC. Do not know who sent this cover, but the addressee had two sons who served in Company B 26th NC Inf (William H. Glenn and Robert S. Glenn who I presume were twins as both were listed as age 22 in the 1860 census). William H. Glenn enlisted 6/5/1861 and died (presumably of disease) 3/6/1864. Robert S. Glenn enlisted 1/29/1863 and was wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett’s Charge 7/3/1863 and confined at David’s Island in New York Harbor until exchanged 8/28/1863. He rejoined his unit and was wounded again at The Wilderness 5/5/1864 and died of his wounds in Richmond 7/7/1864. Another Glenn relative (George S. Glenn) also enlisted in the same company 3/29/1863. George S. Glenn was wounded at Pickett’s Charge and wounded again at The Wilderness. The 26th NC Inf (Pettigrew’s Brigade of Heth’s Division) was a Pickett’s Charge regiment. Very Fine provisional cover. $650.00
NC659

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE 10 AUG 1861 and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED. Very decent strikes of the postal markings. Orange paper cover addressed to J. J. Hoyle Esq, Knob Creek, Cleaveland NC. Part of backflap missing. Light edge mounting marks at bottom center and left center. Very clean appearing cover. Joseph J. Hoyle would later enlist at age 24 in Co F 55th NC Inf on 5/30/1862. He was promoted Sergt 11/25/1862 and commissioned 1st Lt 3/11/1863. He was wounded at Globe Tavern, Va 8/18/1864 and died of his wounds at a Richmond hospital 9/1/1864. Veryclean cover. $450.00
NC671

CSA #11 (AD) (4 Large Margins and a spectacular diagonal pre-printing paper fold) tied by the RED Gaston NC CDS 8 JUN. Coarse brown paper cover, which appears to be homemade, addressed to Mr. H. C. Burton, Weldon NC. Sealed edge tear at the bottom center, backflap opening tears, and part of backflap missing. Very clean and Very Fine appearance. $500.00
NC674

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE 23 JUL 1861 and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED. Better than average strike of the red control mark. Orange paper cover addressed to Ralph Gorrell Sr. Esq, Atty at Law, Greensboro NC. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $350.00
NC680

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE with an OCT (1861) date and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED. Orange paper cover addressed to Thomas Webb Esqr, Cashr (Cashier), Hillsboro NC. Part of backflap missing but a very clean cover with good strikes of the postal markings. $350.00
NC683

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin with a small left sheet margin) with a Grid Cancel and the matching Chapell Hill NC CDS 11 SEP (Home of the University of North Carolina). Addressed to S. A. Hooker, Hillsboro NC. Very Fine. $125.00
NC688

Wilmington NC 5 PAID within CDS Type E 28 AUG (1861). Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Caroline A. Price, Baptist Seminary, Warsaw NC. Unsigned pencil notation on the back in the handwriting and style of VanDyk MacBride referring to the original letter (no longer with the cover) on a patriotic lettersheet. Minor staining and a backflap opening tear and small edge fault at the top of the postmark. Clean cover. $100.00
NC702

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE 18 AUG (1861) and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED. Addressed to Mrs. M. D. Withers, Greensboro, Alabama. The distance from Raleigh to Greensboro is more than 500 miles and required 10c postage. Manuscript "Due 5" added for underpayment and then crossed out as the extra 5c was paid at the time of mailing and the the control mark rerated with a manuscript "10." The Raleigh "PAID 5" provisional is not catalog listed with a rerated mark. Small but complete cover and Very Fine with excellent postal use. Molesworth note on the reverse.  $750.00
NC703

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS in BLUE 7 NOV (1861) and the PAID 5 Control Mark in RED. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Hon A. H. Arrington, Hilliardston NC. Period docketing indicates that the cover contained election returns from Nash County NC  (election of 6 NOV 1861). Archibald Hunter Arrington was from a very prominent Nash County family serving at this time as a local Nash County official. He was a member of the North Carolina secession convention and also served in the First Confederate Congress. Arrington's written note on the reverse of the cover dated 15 NOV 1861 indicates that Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens carried the election. Tally sheet enclosures also present with the cover. Very Fine. $500.00
NC704

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional in Blue and Red 15 AUG 1861. Addressed to Professor Kimberley, Chapel Hill NC. Very small folded lined lettersheet. Either the page with the letter has been cut away or this is a wrapper-type cover.  Very Fine Appearance. $350.00
NC705

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC Handstamp PAID 5 Provisional in Blue and Red 21 SEP 1861. Light but recognizable strikes of the postal markings. Folded letter complete addressed to Isham Cox, Mudlic(k) NC. Printed letter from Thomas Carter of Raleigh announcing that he is going out of business and asking that his customers settle with him. Very clean cover. $300.00
NC754

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin tight on the left) pen-canceled with matching manuscript "Fair Haven (NC) June 6 (1862)" representing very obscure use from Moore County. Heavy coarse brown paper which is an Adversity Cover made from recycled newsprint. Military Address to B. C. Phillips, Goldsborro, Co D 48 Regiment of NC Troops in Care of Capt Clegg. Pvt Baxter C. Phillips enlisted 4/19/1862 and is listed as wounded at Fredericksburg (Va) 12/13/1862 returning to his unit  3/1/1863 and listed as absent 1/18/1865 with no further record. Capt Thomas J. Clegg was wounded a few weeks after this cover was posted at King's School House (Va) 6/25/1862 and died of his wounds in Richmond 7/9/1862. Clean and complete cover. $225.00
NC758

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (affixed upside down with margin touching on the left) tied by the ORANGE Raleigh NC small douible circle CDS (date not apparent). Blue paper cover addressed to L. M. Scott Esqr, Greensboro NC. Period docketing at the left concerning the original contents. Very clean cover. $150.00
NC761

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by the usual weak strike of the ORANGE small double circle Raleigh NC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to N. C. McMillan, Dundarrack, Robson Co. NC. Very minor reduction at the left and light water stain at top right. $100.00
NC763

Soldiers Letter DUE 10 handstamp (two strikes) Type H with the small double circle Raleigh NC CDS (date not fully apparent). All postal markings are in BLACK but the Due 10 handstamp is currently catalog listed only in blue or orange but is illustrated in black. Addressed to Miss Julia Mary Fripp Care Mr. P. M. Morrison, Winnsborough, So. Carolina. Endorsed acrossed the top "Soldiers letter M. J. F. Beaufort V(olunteer) Artillery." The sender was Pvt Milton J. Fripp of  Co C Beaufort SC Light Artillery writing a letter home to his sister. P. M. Morrison mentioned in the address was the Winnsborough CSA postmaster. The cover is also an Adversity Cover made from a printed unused army form. Very Fine. $350.00
NC767

CSA #11 AD (4-Margin) tied by the RED small double circle Raleigh NC CDS with a second strike of the same CDS to the left 6 JAN 1864. Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs. L. S. Lenoir, Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N. Carolina. Very Fine. $200.00
NC768



Turned Cover - 1st: CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin) pen-cancelled and manuscript “Randallsville NC May 4 (1864)” to the left. Military Address to Lieut Daniel B. McLean, Weldon NC, Comp I 24th Reg NCT Care of Col Clarke, Ransom’s Brigade. 2nd: Soldiers Due 10 with the the Weldon NC CDS Dietz Type E 13 MAY (1864). Addressed to Mrs. S. J. Smith, Randallsville, Robeson Co. NC. Endorsed at left “D. B. McLean Co I 24th Regt NCT Ransoms Brigade.” Daniel B. McLean enlisted 6/4/1861 and was promoted Sergt Major 7/1/1862 and commissioned as a Lieutenant 6/29/1863. He was captured as a POW at Fort Stedman, Va 3/25/1865 and was confined first at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC and then at Fort Delaware until his release 6/17/1865. Coarse paper homemade cover with just a little light foxing but otherwise Very Fine. Has not been folded or cut for display. $350.00
NC769

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (margin close at the top but with a large left sheet margin) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Raleigh NC small double circle CDS. The date is not apparent in the CDS, but because of the single use must date between late April and 30 June 1862. Blue paper adversity cover made from a used lined accounts ledger sheet. Addressed to Mary Pool, New Market NC. Ex- Van Dyk MacBride with his unsigned notation on the reverse. Very Fine. $350.00
NC770

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) from Wilmington NC (stamps missing) to White(s)ville NC. Advertising Cover with a dark blue oval shield "S. M. West, Auctioneer Commission Merchant Wilmington NC." 2nd Use: (outside): CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Pos 32-33 (margin just touches at the top center of the left stamp) affixed on the back to seal the back flap with the Whitesville NC CDS 21 JUL (1862) addressed to A. J, Butner Esqr, Salem NC. Very interesting pair of the Stone 3 5c Blue Lithographs. The right stamp (Pos 33) is a listed variety (joined CE of CENTS 4-3-v1), and the left (Pos 32) stamp has what appears to be a Shifted Transfer very prominently seen in the TA of POSTAGE and the two white oval lines mismatched at the lower left. No idea how this shift would have occurred but seems most likely to be transient and not constant. It is not a misplaced transfer as the stamp is in the correct position. Very clean cover with the upper right corner folded down to display the advertising from the first use. $750.00
NC771

CSA #7 Pair on London Paper (4-Margin with filled in frames at the left and the top 7-L-v5 indicating that the stamps come from the upper left corner of the sheet) tied by a partial strike of the Williamston NC CDS 6 DEC. Addressed to Mrs. Thomas Cowan, Pittsboro NC. Manuscript "James M. Cowan" across the top most likely refers to the name of the sender. Very Fine. $150.00
NC773

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a weak strike of the BLUE Raleigh NC CDS with a second strike of the same CDS at the right (date not fully apparent) (blue paper cover with blue postmark). "State of North Carolina Executive Department" Semi-Official imprinted cover Type S-NC-03. Addressed to A. A. McKethan Esq, Pres(?) Board of Commissioners, Fayetteville NC. Docketing at right indicates contents were from Gov Vance. Alfred Augustus McKethan (1809-1890) was a carriage maker in Fayetteviile and a railroad promoter as well as being very active in local politics. Very clean cover with a minor corner repair at the lower right, $350.00
NC777

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Hillsboro NC small double circle CDS (date not fully apparent). Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Miss  Sallie M. Person, Louisburg, Franklin Co., N. Car. Very Fine. $100.00
NC781

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just in at top center) with a Grid Cancel and the matching Flat Rock NC CDS 24 FEB. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. William Lowndes, Greenville SC. Enclosed in the envelope is a fancy period Valentine with a four line handwritten poem to "Alice" which is unsigned. Unable to connect an "Alice" with the name of the addressee, so cannot guarantee that the Valentine is original to this cover. But the Valentine is period, and this cover does have a FEB date. Very clean cover. The attachment of the lacy part of the Valentine to the back card containing the poem is fragile and has been reinforced from the back with archival tape. $450.00
NC784

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Goldsborough NC CDS 30 OCT (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Sheriff of Rowan County, Salisbury NC. Original enclosure included which is military voting election results for the congressional election. Three soldiers from Rowan County voted - Mathias Pinkston (Pvt Co D 42nd NC Inf), Levi Bradshaw (Pvt Co D 42nd NC Inf), and J. E. Moore (unit not known). Signed and certified by two officers and an inspector - Capt Dan Cogdell (unit not known), Capt John B. Griswold (50th NC Inf), and Wm H. Woodard Inspector. Very Fine. $250.00
NC785

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a very weak strike of the RED Raleigh NC CDS (date not apparent). Coarse brown paper cover "Official Business" manuscript at upper left and addressed to Sheriff of Rowan County, Salisbury NC. Original election returns enclosed datelined "General Hospital No 7 Raleigh NC Oct 29th 1863." Two patients in the hospital voted in the congressional election of October 1863. Signed and certified by E. Burke Haywood, Surgeon. Surgeon-Major Edmund Burke Haywood (1825-1894) was the surgeon in charge of various military hospitals in North Carolina. An extensive biography of Dr. Haywood is enclosed with the the cover. Very Fine. $250.00
NC786

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Magin but close at left center) tied by the small single rim Kinston NC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. T. A. G. Clarke, Mars Bluff, So. Ca. Adversity Cover made from an printed form which appears to be a passenger listing for a ship or a river steamboat. Displayed flapped over from the right. Small sealed edge tears at upper left. The addressee was the wife of Lieut T. A. G. Clarke, Co H, Hamptons SC Legion. The Legion was in NC May-July 1863. Lieut Clarke may have been the sender of this cover to his wife. Lieut Thomas Alfred G. Clarke died 1/17/1864. Cause of death not recorded. Few back flap opening tears. Small cover with a very clean appearance. $225.00
NC788

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin affixed sideways with just a little edge gum toning) tied by the Oaks NC CDS with a JUL date. Adversity Cover made from a printed page from an instructional prospectus for the Hillsborough Military Academy school. Addressed to Jno U. Kirkland Esq, Hillsborough Orange Co., NC. Very light water staining but still presents extremely well flapped up from the bottom and flapped over from the left. Ex-Walcott, Ex-Kaplan. $350.00
NC789

CSA #12c (AD) (margin just touches at left Greenish-Blue) tied by an indistinct RED CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to J. R. Margrave Esq, Wadesborough NC. Adversity Cover made from a printed legal form displayed flapped over from the left. Small part of backflap missing, and the cover has mutilple small tears sealed from the inside with tape. Still a very presentable adversity cover. $200.00
NC791

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin with just a little edge nick at right center) tied by a partial strike of the Wilmington NC CDS 3 JUN (1863). Addressed to W. J. Prevo, Jacksons Creek, Randolph Cty NC. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused North Carolina court form which displays very well flapped up from the lower left. Very Fine. $300.00
NC792

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin) tied by the Wilmington NC 5 PAID CDS 13 JUN (1862). Addressed to W. B. Mills Esq, Mayesville SC. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Wilmington shipping freight form. Displays very well flapped down from the upper left. Very Fine. $350.00
NC794

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) pen cancel. Manuscript "Franklinville NC Mar 4 (1864)." Dated to 1864 by period receiving docketing. Obscure postal use from Randolph County. Addressed to Jona Worth Esq, Raleigh NC. Coarse brown paper Adversity Cover made from recycled newsprint. Small printed letters can be seen in the paper. Arithmetic computations on the back only, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00
NC797

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Rocky Mount NC CDS 7 MAR. Addressed to B. B. Barron Esq, C. S. Receiver, Iron PO, Lincoln County NC. A "receiver" handled the local financial affairs of the Confederate Government. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a used insuarnce form displayed flapped down from the top. Small but complete cover and Very Fine. $350.00
NC798

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the BLUE Greensborough NC CDS 18 JUL (1863).  Folded Letter Complete addressed to Messers Graves & Long, Danville, Va. The handwriting is very difficult to read, and the best I can make out is that the letter is a business letter dealing with sugar. Very nice stamp with an excellent postmark. $125.00
NC800

CSA #7 Horz Pair in a very Dark Blue color shade (margins a little tight) tied by the BLUE Raleigh NC small double circle CDS 18 APR 1864 with a second strike of the same CDS to the left. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss M. Lou Abernathy, Lenoir, Caldwell Co. NC. The year is in the postmark and says 1864, but there is a discrepancy with the receiving docketing which says 1863. Most likely the postmark is correct and the docketing is wrong as Raleigh is not known to have error dates in thepostmark. Very Fine. $125.00
NC801

Boxed PAID 5 Handstamp Type B with the small single rim Ridgeway NC CDS 7 OCT (1861). Addressed to Miss (cannot make out the first name) Peacock, Plymouth, Washington County, N. Carolina in care of E. G. Peacock. Very clean cover. Ex-Dietz, Ex-Kohn, notation signed by Brian Green, Ex-Powell. $250.00
NC803

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 12 (margin touches on left) tied by the BLUE small double circle Raleigh NC CDS with an APR 1862 date. The cover is an Adversity use of the USA 1c Blue Star Die with the stamp affixed directly over the indicium of the star die. The 1c Blue Star Die can be seen from inside behind the stamp. Addressed to John Kirkland Esqr, Cashier, Hillsboro NC. Adversity use of the 1c Blue USA Star Dies is scarce. Cover a little reduced at the left not affecting anything..Otherwise a Very Fine appearing cover. The stamp could be lifted and either moved to the side or hinged into place to demonstrate the 1c Blue Star Die if so desired. $350.00
NC805

CSA #11 (AD) (margin a little tight at the left but with a minor short transfer at the top) tied by the usual somewhat weak strike of the RED small double circle Raleigh NC CDS (date not apparent). State Imprinted Cover for the "Adjutant General's Office, RALEIGH, N. C. OFFICIAL BUSINESS" Type S-NC-10. Addressed to Col  A. A. Harbin, Mocksville NC. A. A. Harbin was the colonel of a North Carolina Home Guard Regiment in State Service. Very clean cover. Ex-Powell. $300.00
NC808

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (margins tight and a little irregular) and CSA #6 London Print (margin just in at lower left) used in combination to make the 10c rate tied together and to the cover by the Wilmington NC CDS 10 JUL (1862). Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Kate McGeachy, Saint Pauls, Robeson County, No. Ca. Very clean and complete cover with a scarce combination use just 10 days after the 5c rate was eliminated. $750.00
NC811

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin and somewhat over inked) used in combination with a CSA #6 London Print (4-Margin) to make the 10c rate. Both stamps cancelled with a BLUE Grid and the matching BLUE Raleigh NC small double circle CDS at the lower right 3 JUL 1862 (three days after the rate change). Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Hon T. D. McDowell, Elizabethtown NC. Thomas David Smith McDowell (1823-1989) of Bladen County NC was a planter, legislator, and Confederate Congressman serving in the First Confederate Congress 1861-1863. Part of top back flap missing and a little corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. $450.00
NC812

CSA #7 Horz Pair affixed upside down (very coarse printing with tight margins) tied by a partial strike of the Fayetteville NC CDS 3 MAY 1863.Cover with a vertical file fold through the left stamp. Folded letter complete (lengthy business letter) addressed to Messers Thos Branch & Son, Petersburg, Va. Thomas Branch and Son was a grocer and commission merchant in Petersburg. Very clean cover. $125.00
NC814

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (margins a little tight) Pen-Canceled with matching manuscript "Lenox Castle NC May 30th (1863)." Obscure use from Rockingham County. Addressed to R. Gorrell Esqr Attorney at Law, Greensboro, Guilford County, N. Carolina. Minor light foxing, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00
Sale
Pending
NC816

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 7 (4-Margin with edge gum toning) tied by the Wilmington NC CDS 11 OCT (1862). Handstamp (Due) "5" (Wilmington mark Type H) applied to assess the underpayment of the 10c postage. Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mary E. Roberts Care of Revd Stephen M. Roberts, Morganton NC. Turned cover with inside use handcarried to Genl S. F. Patterson (prominent North Carolina politician), Palmyra (the name of the Patterson home). Sealed edge tears. Very clean appearing cover. $225.00
NC818

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a Grid cancel with the matching Chapel Hill NC CDS to the left 26 FEB (1863). Addressed to Mrs. E. L Speight, Tarboro, N. Carolina. Turned Cover (not opened for display) with inside use CSA #7 Pair (stamps partially removed) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powel Type 4a and manuscript "Treasury Department Second Auditor's Office" at the upper right. Addressed to Spiers Whitaker Esq, Chapel Hill NC. Edge staining and light foxing at the left, otherwise Very Fine with a nice stamp. $250.00
NC820

CSA #11 (AD) (margin in at bottom left) tied by a partial strike of the RED Greensboro NC with a JUN date. Addressed to Maj P. W. White, Quincy, Florida. The addressee was the Confederate Chief Commissary Officer for the State of Florida. minor light foxing, otherwise Very Fine. $125.00
NC822

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) with a Grid Cancel and the matching Chapel Hill NC CDS at the left 13 SEP (1862). Small but complete Adversity Cover made from lined notebook paper. Addressed to Henry Whitted Esqr, Hillsboro NC. Back flap opening tears and just a little light foxing at the lower right, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
NC833

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 Positions 32-33 (right stamp with minor faults which does not detract from the overall appearance, and the left stamp is the White Shirt listed variety CC 1-1-v8) tied by a full strike of the Wilmington NC 5 PAID (Pre-War 3 PAID altered to 5 PAID) CDS 26 MAY (1862). Addressed to Miss Kate T. Blount, Woodville, Mississippi. Minor reduction on the left. Clean appearing cover. $200.00
NC835

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue and affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap) tied to the cover by the usual weak but recognizable strike of the RED Raleigh NC small double circle CDS 5 MAY with a second complete strike of the CDS on the face of the cover. The stamp was not damaged in opening. Addressed to W. H Bogle Esqr, Taylorsville NC. Imprinted Semi-Official Envelope with “Adjutant General’s Office Roll of Honor” at upper right and “Official Business” at upper left. This is quite a scarce Confederate War Department Imprint and not a North Carolina State Imprint and is listed in the Confederate Catalog as WD-AG-10. A small part of the “e” of “Office” is cut off at right due to the printing as the cover is not reduced on the right. The imprint was just placed close to the right edge. The cover is slightly reduced at the left, but the small reduction does not affect anything. A little light spot foxing but still a very clean appearance. Notation on the reverse signed by Brian Green. $500.00
NC836

CSA #7 Pair affixed upside down (the right stamp has a filled in frame at the right CC 7-R-v2) (margin just in at the bottom) canceled by the black small double circle Raleigh NC CDS with a MAR date and a second strike of the same CDS on the cover to the left of the stamps. Semi-Official North Carolina State Imprint "Adjutant General's Office, Raleigh, N.C." at the upper right and "(O)FFICIAL BUSINESS" at the upper left listed in the Confederate Catalog as S-NC-13. This cover is the lsting copy for this imprint type ("O" missing from "OFFICIAL"), and the cover is illustrated in the Confederate Catalog. Military Address to Maj J. Jenkins, 25th Batt HQ, Shelby NC. The unit in the address must be a state unit. Very clean cover. Ex- Brian Green.  $400.00
NC837

CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC stampless PAID 5 Provisional 7 SEP 1861. Addressed to Mrs. Samuel J. Person, Salem NC. Excellent two color strikes with the CDS in BLUE and the PAID 5 mark in RED.  Very clean cover. $450.00
NC841

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but stamp cut in half horizontally and affixed in two halves) tied by the Oaks NC CDS with an OCT date. Addressed to Mrs. J. C. Norwood, Lenoir, Caldwell Co. NC. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Savannah, Ga shipping document with the picture of a Sailing Ship inside and unfolded for display. Period pencil docketing at the top in light pencil written by the sender. "I have put my letter in this as I have no envelope at hand" which speaks to the paper shortage at the time. Reduced at left which does not detract, otherwise very fine.  $200.00
NC849

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue  (margins tight left and right) tied by the Charlotte NC CDS (dateless). Adversity Cover made fromk blue lined notebook paper containing an old letter dated "Feby 23/57." Addressed to Col B. B. Barron, Iron, No. Ca. Very clean cover. $200.00
NC850

CSA #12 (KB) very dark blue (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Fayetteville NC CDS 23 JAN (1865). Addressed to Miss Mildred Cameron Care of Mr. G. W. (cannot decipher the last name), Raleigh NC. Very Fine. $125.00
NC851

Small but complete Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with two strikes of a Grid Cancel and the matching Chapel Hill NC CDS to the left 29 JUL and addressed to Mrs. M. A. Curtis, Hillsborough NC. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #11c Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) with a BLUE Grid Cancel and the matching small double circle BLUE Hillsboro NC CDS 27 SEP and addressed to Mrs. C. Y. Kennedy at Dr De Rosset's, Chapel Hill NC. Cover opened for display. Very Fine. $300.00
NC852

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) Pre-War postal use USA 3c Red Nesbitt #10 pen-cancelled and matching manuscript "Hillsboro, Ten Augst 8th." Addressed to E. Hough Esq, Yadkinville, Yadkin County NC. Routing instruction "via Augusta, Georgia."  2nd Use (outside) CSA "Hamptonville NC Mar 17th" "Paid 10" all in manuscript. Addressed to Mrs. Martha Hough, Thomasville, Davidson Co., NC. Opened for display. Very Fine. $300.00
NC858

Stampless BLUE Raleigh NC small double circle CDS 7 NOV with "Paid" manuscript (no rate) which is unusual for Raleigh. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Hon Thos Ruffin near Graham, Alamance Co., No. Ca. The addressee was a prominent North Carolina jurist and former member and Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Ex-MacBride with his note on the back. Very Fine. $125.00
NC862

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE dateless Cahrlotte NC CDS. Dated by period receiving docketing to 23 FEB 1863. Addressed to A. M. McPheeters Esq, Raleigh NC. Alexander Miller McPheeters (1828-1903) was a prominent Raleigh businessman. Edge stain along the bottom. Very clean appearing cover. $125.00
NC863

CSA #11a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Wilmington NC CDS 14 JUL. Yellow paper cover addressed to W. W. Clark Esq, Greensboro NC.  Clean cover with a very nice stamp. Ex-Bogg. $100.00
NC870

CSA #7 Horz Pair (small nick just into the design at the right) tied by a partial strike of the Greenville NC CDS (date not fully apparent). From the Benjamin Franklin Little Correspondence addressed to Mrs. B. F. Little, Little's Mills, Richmond, Co., NC. Endorsed at left "from B. F. Little Capt Co E 52nd Regt NCT." Back flap opening tears and just a little cover wear at the left.

The addressee was the wife of Capt Benjamin Franklin Little (d1879) of the 52nd NC Inf. Capt Little was promoted Lt Col of the regiment at Gettysberg. The 52nd NC Inf was involved in Pickett's Charge on the third day of Gettysburg and suffered 30% casualties including Lt Col Little who was wounded and captured as a POW. He was confined at Fort McHenry and Fort Delaware until exchanged and paroled 3/6/1864. He resigned from the army in August 1864 because of his Gettysburg wounds.
$125.00
NC871

CSA #2e Paterson Light Milky Blue Stone Y (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville NC CDS (date not fully apparant). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William Grimes, Raleigh NC. Exceptionally clean cover and a very nice stamp. $350.00
NC873

"Semi-Official Imprinted Cover "State of North Carolina, Executive Department" (CC Type S-NC-01) handcarried locally in Raleigh outside the postal system to Mr. Stubbs, Chairman, Military Committee, Yarborough Hotel. Notation at lower left "Return to Gov Vance." Zebulon Vance was the Confederate governor of North Carolina 1862-1865. The address and notation are in the governor's handwriting. A little insect nibbling at the left upper corner and the left center edge.  $250.00
NC875

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin) tiled by the Wilson NC CDS 10 AUG. Commercially made lady's type cover with embossed flowers on the back flap. Addressed to Miss Dora B. Crenshaw, Cheraw, So. Ca. Part of top back flap missing but still a very clean cover. $100.00
Sale
Pending
NC877

Stampless Soldier's Due cover with the Weldon NC CDS and arc DUE 10 handstamp Type E 5 DEC 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Marian Ellis, Clemmonsville PO, Davidson County NC. Endorsed at left "From W. H. Ellis of Co B 49th Regt NC." Small part of back flap missing and just a little light soiling, but still a very clean appearing cover.

William H. Ellis enlisted as a private in Co D 15th NC Inf and was transferred to Co B 49th NC Inf on 1/9/1863. He was captured as a POW at Drewry's Bluff  (Va) 5/16/1864 and confined first at Point Lookout, Md. He was transferred to the prison at Elmira NY 8/16/1864. He survived and was released 6/16/1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.
$175.00
NC879



CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 22 (very dry printing) (4-Margin with edge gum toning) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap and canceled with a full grid. The cover was opened on the right, so the stamp was not damaged in opening. On the face of the cover is a full strike of the Chapel Hill NC CDS 31 MAR 1862. Overall College Cover University of North Carolina Type NC-14a addressed to Mrs. C. V. Miller, Pendleton So Ca. The original letter is with the cover written by a college student son to his mother. The letter is four pages written on a Stars and Bars in full color (10-Stars) patriotic lettersheet Type F10-3. A typed transcript of the letter is included. Back flap opening tears. Very clean cover and a very fine patriotic lettersheet. This is the only combination I have ever encountered with a patriotic lettersheet used in combination with an overall college cover.

The writer of the letter is identified as University of North Carolina student Harry Miller (1845-1864), son of Henry C. and Caroline V. Miller. The family was a wealthy prominent planter family in South Carolina. Harry Miller is buried in Saint Paul's Episcopal Church Cemetery in Pendleton SC. A lengthy tombstone inscription says that he left the University of North Carolina in August 1862 to join the war. He enlisted as a private in Co A 3rd SC Infantry and was Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Cedar Creek (Va) 10/19/1864 during Early's Valley Campaign.
$1,600.00
SOLD
NC880

Adversity use of a USA Star Die envelope ( the Star Die paid no postage) stampless cover with the small double circle BLUE dateless Raleigh NC CDS and BLUE handstamp PAID (no rate) Type B dated "Dec 17 1862" by period receiving docketing at the left. From the Pettigrew Correspondence addressed to William Pettigrew, Haywood, Chatham County NC. Minor back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee, William Shepard Pettigrew (1818-1881), was the brother of famed CSA General James Johnston Pettigrew who commanded a division during Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg and was killed a few days later during the retreat from Gettysburg. During the war, William S. Pettigrew operated the family's plantations in North Carolina and was later ordained an Episcopal minister in 1869.
$375.00
NC882

CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin with a small part of the adjacent stamp visible at the top) tied by the integral 5 PAID Wilmington NC CDS 8 JAN (1862). This is the pre-war Wilmington 3 PAID integral postmark which was altered to "5 PAID" to reflect the Confederate rate. Orange paper cover addressed to Hon Thomas D. McDowell, Elizabethtown, Bladen County NC. Minor wear but otherwise Very Fine.

Thomas David McDowell (1823-1898) was a prominent Bladen County planter and a legislator as he served in the pre-war North Carolina House of Representatives as well as the State Senate. He served in the Confederate Provisional Congress as a representative from North Carolina and was elected to the First Confederate Congress without opposition. He also served as both a pre-war and post-war Trustee of the University of North Carolina.
$650.00
NC883

CSA #68xu1 Stampless Raleigh NC PAID 5 Provisional in BLUE and RED 1 DEC (1861). Addressed to A. W. Harris & Bro, Oxford NC. Excellent full strikes of the BLUE Raleigh NC CDS and the RED PAID 5 control mark. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $450.00
NC884

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 15 (4-Margin) with a BLUE Grid cancel and the matching BLUE Raleigh NC small double circle CDS to the left 2- DEC 1861. Very faint manuscrupt "Due 5" to the left of the postmark indicating cover was overweight. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. E. G. Speight, Gad(d)ey(s)ville (Robeson County) No. Ca. $200.00
NC885

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Warrenton NC CDS 14 NOV. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William H. Barnwell, Camden, Wilcox County, Ala. Top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $125.00
NC886

CSA #2 Paterson (close at the left lower corner) pen-canceled and matching manuscript to the left "Saxapahaw NC December 26 (1862)." Very obscure use from Alamance County. Addressed in legible pencil to Mr. Solomon Dixon or Benny Davidson, Snow Camp (Alamance County NC). Coarse paper folded business letter concerning an apparent replacement wheel of some sort. Some corner pieces missing from the letter but does not affect the text of the letter. Clean cover. $350.00
NC888

CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin with a right sheet margin) tied by the RED Greensborough NC CDS (date not apparent). Red postmarks on KB stamps are fairly scarce. Because of the use of the KB stamp, the cover must date from late 1864 to early 1865. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mary C. Penn, Mayo Forge, Patrick Co., Va. Mayo Forge is a listed Patrick County, Va, post office in the Confederate period but no longer exists today. Back flap opening tear and a small reduction at the left not affcting anything. Very clean appearing cover. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit. $250.00
NC891

CSA #12 (AD)  (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Clinton NC CDS 3 JUN (1863). Small but complete coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Capt Jas. C. Holmes, 30th Regt NCT (North Carolina Troops), Ramseur's Brigade, Rodes' Division, Richmond, Va. Very clean cover.

James C. Holmes (1826-1865), a merchant and farmer from Sampson County NC, entered service as 2nd Lieut of Co A 30th NC Inf 8/18/1861, promoted Capt 8/3/1861, and Major 9/3/1863. In 1864, he developed paralysis on his left side and other debilitating problems (from the description it sounds like he had a stroke - JLK) and was retired to the Veteran Reserve Corps 8/19/1864. He died in Oct 1865 from his debilitated condition.
$150.00
NC895

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) cancelled by a very light strike of the RED Raleigh NC small double circle CDS with a second stronger strike of the same CDS to the left with a JAN date. The red Raleigh postmark is not commonly seen. Light coarse brown paper cover address to Jno U. Kirkland Esq, Hillsboro NC. Very clean cover. Wx-Gordon Bleuler Collection.

John Umstead Kirkland (1802-1879), a prominent North Carolina merchant, was the father of CSA Brig Gen William Whedbee Kirkland (1833-1915). Gen Kirkland was first Colonel of the 11th NC Inf before his promotion as Brig Gen in August 1863. He served with distinction and was wounded multiple times. However, the address is not in the General's hand. Another son, Capt John Umstead Kirkland Jr (1837-1914) served as the Adjutant of the 5th NC Inf.
$150.00
NC897





Turned Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a marroon, tan, and brown colorful geometric pattern Very Fine. Turned wallpaper covers with postal use on the wallpaper side are extremely scarce.

1st Use -
(wallpaper folded to the inside) - Stampless with the Mount Mourne NC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type B 31 MAR (1863). Military address to Mr. John R. Washam, Giuney (sic) Station, Va., Co K 23 Regt NCT (North Carolina Troops) in care of Col Christy (sic), Iverson Brigade, D H(ill) Division.

2nd Use - (wallpaper folded to the outside) - CSA #7 Horz Pair Dark Blue (margin irregular at the bottom) tied by the Guineys, Va CDS with an APR (1863) date. Addressed to Mrs. Mary P. Thompson, Dry Pond NC.

John R. Washam (1831-1904) enlisted as a private in Co K 23rd NC Inf 6/22/1861. He is listed as captured as a POW at South Mountain (Md) 9/14/1862 and confined at Fort Delaware and Aikens Landing until paroled and exchanged in November 1862. He is listed as wounded and captured a second time as a POW at Frederick (Md) 7/9/1864. He was confined at Fort McHenry and Point Lookout until exchanged in March 1865. After the war, he lived as a farmer in Mecklenburg County NC.

Daniel Harvey Christie (1833-1863) was first Major 7/12/1861 and then Colonel of the 23rd NC Inf 4/16/62. He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines and Gaines Mill  (Seven Days May - June 1862) and Mortally Wounded in Action at Gettysburg 7/1/1863 dying of his wounds 7/17/1863 at Winchester, Va where he is buried.
$2,000.00
NC899

Turned Cover -- First Use: CSA #2e Light Milky Blue Paterson Stone Y (4-Margin and a Very Fine stamp) tied by two strikes of the BLUE Danville, Va CDS 12 SEP (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Mary M. McClain, Alexander County NC, Yorks Collegiate Institute. Second Use: CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with the right stamp showing a filled-in frame variety on the right CC 7-R-v2) Grid Cancel (not tied) and manuscript postal markings at the upper left "York Institute NC 17th July (1863)." Adressed to the Sherriff (sic) of Meclenburge (Meckleburg) County, Charlotte NC. The cover has been folded out for display but has been cut to display the second use (York Institute) on the outside with the Stone Y stamp from the first use flapped up from the lower left. Edge wear. Ex-Maurice Bursey Collection.

York Collegiate Institute was a school in Alexander County NC founded by Brantley York in 1856 who founded a number of schools one of which became Duke University. York Collegiate Institute lasted into the early 1900's changing its name to York Institute and had its own listed post office with the post office active 1856-1908. Wartime CSA covers from this school post office are very scarce. This cover could arguably be considered as a College Cover because of the school post office manuscript postal markings.
$1,000.00
NC900

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just in at the top) tied by the RED Greensborough NC CDS 22 JAN. Yellow paper cover addressed to M. Richwine Esq, Salisbury NC. Advertising Cover with a fancy printed Corner Card "Scott & Scott, Attorneys at Law, Greensboro, N.C." Minor corner repair upper left not affecting the advertising which does not detract from an otherwise Very fine appearance. $300.00
NC902

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin a little tight on the right) tied by the BLUE Hillsboro NC CDS 6 APR. Orange paper cover with Military Address to Surgeon Wm Alex Thom, C. S. Army, Banner Hospital, Richmond, Va. Very Fine.

William Alexander Thom (1820-1899) received his MD degree from the Medcal College of Virginia in 1841. Before the war, he practiced medicine in Northampton County. He entered service as Acting Assistant Surgeon of the 39th Va Inf at Camp Huger (Va) 6/23/1861 and was appointed Surgeon 11/25/1861 and transferred to Richmond. He spent the rest of the war at various hospitals and various duties in Richmond as Surgeon-in-Charge and served for a time as the Head of the Medical Examining Board. Banner Hospital in the address (also known as General Hospital No 12) was in a tobacco warehouse at 19th and Franklin Streets and also served Libby Prison. Dr Thom was captured near the end of the war on 4/3/1865 while working in a hospital in Richmond and paroled 4/16/1865. After the war, he went back to Northampton County and continued to practice medicine.
$200.00
NC903

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 41 (margin touches at the bottom) tied by a North Carolina postmark not otherwise identified 2- FEB (1862). Coarse brown paper cover adressed to Col Alex McMillan, Dundarrach P. Office, Robeson County NC. Period military docketing at the left "Daniel McMillan 38 Reg N.C.V. (North Carolina Volunteers)." Very Fine.

There is no Col Alexander McMillan listed in the Confederate Army. The addresse is also not found on the Federal Census of 1860. The addressee was apparently a planter in the Dundarrach area, and the title of "Col" was honorary. The docketing indicates the cover was very likely from a son. There are two different soldiers named Daniel McMillan that mustered into Co K 38th NC Inf on the same day 1/30/1862. One was 21 and the other 22. Both from Robeson County and undoubtedly related (perhaps cousins). One Died of Disease in 1864, the other survived the war. Could benefit from further indepth research into the family.  A short history of the regiment is included with the cover.
$250.00
NC904

Stampless College Postmarked Cover with the small single rim Trinity College NC CDS and handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 5(ms) 28 AUG (1861). Trinity College would later become Duke University. Addressed to Miss Nancy A. Morrie, Albemarle NC. Short notation on the front of the cover apparently written by the addressee Nancy A. Morrie Dear Sir I now take my pen in hand to inform you that I am well. Small but complete and very clean cover with a little edge staining at the top right and a little minor edge wear at bottom center. Ex Kohn, Ex Richard Hall College Cover Collection. $500.00
NC905

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin irregular at the left) tied by the Davidson College NC CDS 30 JAN (1862). Overall Advertising College Cover in pink showing the college building (CC NC-06a). This cover was used as the illustration in the CSA catalog for the Davidson College pink ocerall cover. Addressed to Mr. Robert Mable, Marrietta, Ga. There is some staining and missing color at the lower left the cause of which is unsure. There is no evidence that the cover has been repaired, so this may be the result of the actual printing of the cover design itself. The cover is reduced a little at the left where opened and is still very presentable. This is a scarce overall college cover design.

Davidson College, established in 1837, still exists today as a prominent smaller liberal arts college (about 2,000 students) in Davidson, North Carolina. The addressee, Robert Mable (1803-1885), was a wealthy planter and landowner in Cobb County, Georgia. He had a number of children one of whom may have attended Davidson College at this time.
$500.00
NC906

A remarkable group of three overall University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) College Covers from the Hedrick Correspondence illustrating three different postal uses -- 1) Civilian Through-the-Lines, 2) Blockade between the CSA and the USA, 3) Immediate post-war USA use. Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick (1827-1886) was born in Davidson County NC. He was very highly educated at Harvard College and the University of North Carolina. In 1854, he accepted a position as Professor and Chair of the Department of Analytical and Agricultual Chemistry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In 1856, he left UNC (it is largely believed he was driven out because of his political views as he was a Republican and was publicly anti-slavery) and went North to New York where he obtained unsatisfactory work. He made his way to Washington DC in 1861 and obtained a position at the US Patent Office where he remained for the rest of his life achieving the position as Chief Examiner of the Chemical Department. In 1852, he married Mary Ellen Thompson also from a North Carolina family. Both the Hedrick and the Thompson families were large and were divided as most family members remained in North Carolina and supported the Confederacy. That is a short summary. A very detailed article titled Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick: The Man behind the Covers was written by the late Maurice Bursey who was a noted North Carolina Postal Historian and a Professor of Chemistry at the University of North Carolina. His article was published in the Summer 2008 issue of the North Carolina Postal History Society Postal Historian journal. Professor Bursey had access to all the Hedrick papers archived at UNC and other manuscripts at Duke University. A copy of Professor Bursey's article is included with the covers.

1) USA #65 with a quartered "X" cork cancel and the Old Point Comfort, Va., double ring Union postmark dated 15 DEC (1863 noted on the reverse). Overall yellow University of North Carolina Advertising College Cover (CC NC-14a). Addressed to Mrs. B. S. Hedrick, Washington City D. C. with period "by flag of Truce" notation at the lower left. The sender of this cover is not identified but would have been a family member in Chapel Hill NC as the routing notation indicates that this was an inside envelope with the Union postage affixed of a Civilian Through-the-Lines cover transferred through Union Old Point Comfort, Va., where the outer envelope was discarded. Professor Hedrick would have had easy access to Union stamps and undoubtedly sent Union stamps to his family in North Carolina to maintain the correspondence.

2) USA #65 with a segmented cork cancel and the New-York (City) double ring CDS 11 JUL (1864 noted on the reverse). Overall pink University of North Carolina Advertising College Cover (CC NC-14a). Addressed to Prof B. S. Hedrick, Washington City, District of Columbia, United States. Professor Bursey has identifed the handwriting on this cover as that of Mrs. Eliza Thompson, the step-mother of Professor Hedrick's wife, Mary Ellen (Thompson) Hedrick. Eliza Thompson lived in Chapel Hill which would be the most likely origin of the cover. The use of "United States" in the address and the fact that the cover was routed through New York City strongly suggests that this is a Blockade Cover most likely through Wilmington NC with the Union postage already affixed.

3) USA #65 tied by the New Berne NC double ring CDS dated 30 JUL (1865 noted on the reverse). Overall gray University of North Carolina Advertising College Cover (CC NC-14a). Addressed to Prof B. S. Hedrick, Washington City, District of Columbia, U.S. This cover is in the same handwriting as the Blockade Cover and is from Mrs. Eliza Thompson. The "1865" on the reverse indicates that this cover is very soon after the end of the war and went through the regular USA mail service as New Berne NC was under Union occupation since early 1862 and had a well established Union post office.

Except for just a few minor back flap opening tears on two covers, all three covers are Very Fine. These covers belong together and will only be sold as a group of three covers. They will not be sold individually.
$4,000.00
Three Overall UNC College Covers
NC907

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Milton NC CDS date not completely apparent. Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs V. A. Knox, Fredericksburg, Va. "Fredericksburg Va" in the address appears to have been strengthened but looks like it could be period because the original address writing was too light. Commercially made envelope with flowers on the back flap and embossing from a Liverpool, England, stationer under the top flap. Very clean cover.

Virginia Ann Knox (1814-1886) and her husband Thomas Fitzhugh Knox (1807-1890) of Fredericksburg had 4 sons in the Confederate Army all of whom served in the 30th Va Inf. One additional son, Douglas Hamilton Knox (1847-1914) was a cadet at VMI who graduated in 1868. The 30th Va Inf was part of Picket's Division in the ANV but spent time on detached duty in North Carolina. One of the sons in the unit could easily have sent this cover home to his mother. Alexander Bell Knox (1845-1868) did not enlist until April 1864, so he is not the sender. One of the remaining 3 sons most likely was the sender of this cover - Lieut Robert Taylor Knox (1837-1918), Capt James Souter Knox (1842-1909), Lieut Samuel Gordon Knox (1843-1910).
$125.00
NC908

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin with a prominent random stone scratch at the top) pen cancelled and the small single rim BLUE Lenoir NC CDS to the left 27 MAY (1862). Adversity use of a 3c Nesbitt Postal Stationery envelope with the stamp affixed over the embossing. Addressed to Genl W. F. Jones, Columbus, Polk Co., NC. Routing instruction at the lower left "Via Columbia & Spartanburg." Very tiny edge repair at left center and extremely light minor water staining but still an exceptionally clean appearing cover. Ex-Weiss, Ex-Tate.

General William Franklin Jones (1807-1864) of Lenoir NC was a North Carolina legislator. The title of "General" was apparently honorary as it had nothing to do with the Confederate Army or with a pre-war military rank.
$400.00
NC909

Stampless PAID cover with the usual partial strike of the Carolina City NC integral 5 Paid CDS with a NOV (1861) date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss F. M. Blair, Deals Mills, Caldwell County NC. Just a little minor light edge soiling and a small reduction at the left where opened. Still a clean appearing cover.

Carolina City established in 1855 was captured and occupied by the Federals in March 1862. The war devastated the small town and left it in ruins. Carolina City no longer exists as the area where the town once stood is now incorporated into Morehead City. The only things left from Carolina City are the somewhat few currently recorded early Civil War covers.
$200.00
NC910

CSA #11 (KB) (4-Margin affixed sideways) tied to cover by the RED Greensborough NC CDS with an APR 1865 date. Addressed to J. J. Jackson Esqr, Pittsboro NC. Period docketing at the left refers to the original letter which is no longer with the cover "April 8 1865 Interesting Letter from Gov Worth." Very late postal use as the docketing indicates that the letter was dated one day before Lee's surrender at Appomattox. Commercially made cover which has a back flap opening tear, a few minor ink stains, and some partially removed light notations on the front of the cover of unknown significance.

Governor Worth mentioned in the docketing was Jonathan Worth (1802-1869), a prominent North Carolina attorney, legislator, and politician, who served as the elected North Carolina State Treasurer 1863-1865. He was elected as the post war Reconstruction Governor of North Carolina taking office in December 1865. He served as Governor until July 1868. Since he was not the governor at the time this cover was posted, the docketing which certainly oppears to be period, must have been written at a somewhat later date by the addressee or another family member. The addressee, Joseph John Jackson (1817-1902), was a prominent attorney in Pittsboro and was a son-in-law of Governor Worth as he married Lucy Jane Worth (1828-1909) in 1848, Governor Worth's second oldest daughter. The Governor had six daughters and one son. Some additional family history is included with the cover.
$300.00

NC911
4/13/2024
CSA #68xu1 Raleigh NC stampless PAID 5 Provisional 15 OCT 1861. Addressed to A. M. McPheeters Esqr Care Thos L. Leftwich Esqr, Liberty, Bedford County, Va. Two color strikes with the CDS in BLUE and the PAID 5 mark in RED. Very clean cover. Signed "Dietz" on the back flap.

Alexander Miller McPheeters (1828-1903), originally from Raleigh NC, was a prominent merchant and businessman. No record of military service. Thomas Lumpkin Leftwich (1792-1872) from a prominent Bedford County family was McPheeters' father-in-law as Alexander M. McPheeters married Susan Frances "Fannie" Leftwich (1840-1914) in 1861
$400.00

NC912
6/16/2024
CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin pen-cancelled) and the Kenansville NC Double Ring CDS 20 Sept (1862). Addressed to Mr. John A. Wallace Care of Capt Kenan Co A 43 Reg N.C.T. (North Carolina Troops), Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. Very clean cover and a nice stamp.

Thomas Stephen Kenan (1838-1911), a lawyer by profession, entered service as Captain of Co C 12th NC Inf 4/22/1861 and transferred to Co A 43rd NC Inf 4/2/1862. He was promoted Lt Col 3/24/1862 and then Colonel of the regiment 4/21/1862. At Gettysburg, he was wounded (Culps Hill 7/3/1863) while leading his regiment in a charge and was captured as a POW the next day in the ambulance train retreating from Gettysburg. He was confined at Johnson's Island until exchanged in March 1865. After the war, he lived in Kenansville NC and served for a time in the North Carolina State Legislature and as the North Carolina Attorney General. The town of Kenansville was named after his Great-Grandfather, James Kenan, who was a Revolutionary War General.

John Robeson Wallace (age 28) enlisted as a private in Co A 43rd NC Inf 5/5/1862. He was promoted Sergt-Major 12/14/1864 and transferred to the 38th NC Inf. He surrendered with his unit at Appomattox CH 4/9/1865. No further information.
$375.00

NC913 
6/16/2024
CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 21-22 (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by the Rocky Mount NC CDS 14 OCT (1862). Light brown coarse paper cover, which appears to be homemade, addressed to Mr. William Grimes, Raleigh NC. Very Fine.

William Grimes (1823-1884) was from a prominent North Carolina planter family and was the older brother of CSA Maj-Gen Bryan Grimes. William Grimes managed the family estates and was a prominent Raleigh businessman owning two Raleigh hotels, the Yarborough House and the Exchange Hotel.
$450.00

NC914 
6
/16/2024
CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 3 Positions 8-9 (4-Margin with an intense blue color) tied by the BLUE small double circle Hillsboro NC 9 SEP (1862). Addressed to Mrs. M. A Curtis, Kittrells Springs, N. Carolina. Very Fine.$450.00

NC915
6/16/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim BLUE Ashboro NC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type D with a DEC date. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a Blue, Gray, and White geometric design displayed flapped down from the left upper corner. Addressed to Mr. R. H. J. Blount, Greensboro, N. Ca. Edge and corner wear. PF Certificate 2015.$550.00

-- SOUTH CAROLINA --

SC540

CSA #9 (T-E-N) (4-Margin but close at left and with a very light horz pre-affixing crease and a little edge gum toning but still a very pretty stamp) tied by the Mars Bluff SC CDS 8 JUN 1863. Coarse paper probably homemade cover addressed to L. W. T. Wickham Esq, Richmond, Va. The original letter remains with the cover (lengthy business letter). Minor backflap opening tears but otherwise a Very Fine appearance. An unusual town of usage for this stamp. CSA Certificate 2000.
$1,250.00
SC567

CSA #4 Stone 2 Horz Pair Positions 41-42 (margins close to touching) tied by the small single rim Florence SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Very small ladies cover from the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Marion L. Middleton, Summerville, So. Ca. Small part of backflap missing otherwise Very Fine.
$300.00
SC679

Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with the Society Hill SC CDS Dietz Type I 10(ms). Cover is from Major Vander Horst to his wife Mrs. Vander Horst, Wilmington NC. Arnoldus Vander Horst (1835-1881) was a staff officer who served on the staffs of various generals including Bee, Whiting, and Bragg. Cover has just a little light foxing but is otherwise Very Fine.
$150.00
SC770

USA Star Die Charleston SC 25 FEB 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina.  Addressed to Mrs. Jno C. McClenaghan, Marion CH SC.  Capt John C. McClenaghan is mentioned once in the Official Records cited for bravery at First Manassas while serving as the regimental Quartermaster for the 8th SC Inf.  This cover predates the formation of the 8th SC Inf by about two months.  Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
SC771

USA Star Die Charleston SC 3 MAY 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Mr. P(aul) F(rancis) Villepigue, Camden SC. The addressee was the father of CSA Brig-Gen John B. Villepigue (1830-1862), but the address is not in the General’s hand. Gen Villepigue, a West Point graduate, was the Colonel of the 36th Ga Inf prior to his promotion to Brig-Gen in early 1862. He was severely wounded in the defense of Fort McRee in Pensacola and had distinguished service while in command at Fort Pillow and while commanding a brigade at Corinth. Gen Villepigue fell victim to a fever and Died of Disease at Port Hudson, La 11/9/1862. Minor light horizontal crease, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
SC772

Handstamp PAID 10 with two strikes of the large single rim Charleston SC CDS Dietz Type IV 7 NOV. Adversity Cover made from a printed legal court document dated 1854.  Addressed to Hon Edward Frost, Pendleton SC. The addressee was a well known Charleston attorney and judge who was also a railroad investor and President of the Blue Ridge Railroad. Judge Frost was involved in politics both during and after the war. Minor paper clip stain at top center from filing, otherwise Very Fine and displayed with the lower right corner flapped up. $250.00
SC773

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a light crease) tied by the pre-war Charleston SC smaller single rim postmark with a SEP date. This Charleston postmark was only very occasionally used in the Confederate period.  The postmarks more commonly used were the small double circle or the large single rim with yeardate and missing digit.  This pre-war mark differs from the other more commonly used CSA single rim device in that it is somewhat smaller than the CSA mark, has a different style of lettering, and has no yeardate within the postmark.  Only about 40 covers are recorded where this pre-war Charleston postmark was used from mid-1862 to mid-1864.  Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. W. J. Gerald, Camden SC.  Cover with just a little overall foxing and a light edge stain at top center.  Still a very good example of this not commonly seen Charleston postmark. $300.00
SC827

Soldiers (Due) 10 handstamp Type D with the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 26 JUN 1864. Adversity Cover made from a printed Maritime Insurance Form. Addressed to Mr. J. A. Young, Camden SC. Endorsed at upper left “G. G. Young 2nd SC Cav.” The sender, George Graham Young (1823-1897), was the brother of the addressee, John Andrew Young (1808-1882). Very Fine. $350.00
SC831

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (margins just a little tight) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS with a JUN 1862 date. Military Address to Capt Thomas Nesbitt, Newton Baker County, Georgia. The is a red bordered front and back high quality personalized ladies stantionery sent by Miss. Ruth L. Nesbitt to her father. Her initials “RLN” are embossed on the backflap as a fancy monogram. This type of high quality ladies cover is a significant rarity in the Confederacy. Captain Thomas Nesbitt was in Georgia state service. At the time of this cover, he was serving in the 9th Regt Georgia State Troops and was later in 1864 Major of the 1st Ga Infantry Militia unit. Very Fine Ex-Monroe Collection. $600.00
SC839

Handstamp PAID 10 with the smaller 29mm single rim Charleston SC CDS Type IV 19 FEB. This particular Charleston postmark is a pre war mark and is seen used in the Confederate period only very rarely. The standard single rim Charleston postmark used in the Confederate period is 32mm. Addressed to A. F. O’Bryan Esq, Walterborough, So. Carolina. Adversity cover made from a printed but unused legal form displayed flapped down from the top. Very clean cover with a little minor light foxing and a small amount of edge wear. $300.00
SC864

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 28 JUN. Stamp affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap but not damaged in opening. Adversity Cover made from what appears to be an unused lined Ledger Sheet. Addressed to Mrs. Jas C. Furman Care of Rev Jas Furman DD, Greenville SC. Rev James C. Furman (1809-1891) was the son of the namesake of Furman University and for many years served as President of the University. Very clean cover. $150.00
SC869

“Green Pond SC Dec 26 Paid 10” all in manuscript. Addressed to Mr. E. B. Heyward, Gadsden PO SC. Adversity Cover made from a printed page which appears to reference a hanging. Displays very well flapped over from the left. Very Fine Ex- Kohn. $350.00
SC873

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue with minor sealed edge fault at top center) tied by the smaller 29mm single rim Charleston SC CDS 2 JUN. This particular Charleston postmark is a pre war mark and is seen used in the Confederate period only very rarely. The standard single rim Charleston postmark used in the Confederate period is 32mm. Adversity Cover made from a blue printed but unused shipping form showing a small steamboat design. Addressed to Miss Lizzie Shuler Care of Mr. Owen Shuler, Vance’s Ferry So. Ca. Very Fine adversity cover with the scarce Charleston smaller single rim postmark. $500.00
SC874

CSA #12 AD (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Laurens CH SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Doct M. E. Carrer(e), Charleston So Ca. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused State of South Carolina Tax Court Document displayed folded over from the top. Maynard Edward Carrere (1813-1879), a native of Charleston, obtained his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1837. During the war, he served as a volunteer surgeon at the Confederate Hospital in Charleston. Very Fine Adversity Cover. $300.00
SC887

Turned Cover -- First Use (inside) Handcarried outside the Postal System undated to Dr. M. E. Carrere, Charleston SC. Receiving docketing at the top “From My Mother.” Maynard Edward Carrere (1813-1879), a Charleston native and a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, was a prominent physician and surgeon in Charleston. During the war, he was a volunteer surgeon at the Charleston Hospital. Second Use (outside) CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (the date is weak but appears to be in MAR 1865) addressed to Mr. Solomon Legare, a relative of Dr. Carrere’s first wife Mary WilkinsonLegare (d1855). Very clean cover and complete. $200.00
SC889

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 26 (margin touches at bottom) tied by the RED small double circle Camden SC CDS 28 MAY (1862). Full Military Address to Mr. Paul Romare, 6th Regt South Carolina Volunteers (6th SC Inf), Gen Anderson’s Brigade, Richmond, Virginia. A short biography of the addessee is included with the cover. PF Certificate 2012 but the certificate does not address the stone or the plating. Very Fine Cover. $450.00
SC892

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just a little irregular at the right but covered by the postmark) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 17 DEC. Adversity Cover made from a printed legal document from 1854. Addressed to Mr. A. M. Mason, Pinkneysville PO Gwinett County, Georgia. Alexander M. Mason (1839-1880) of Gwinnett County, Georgia enlisted in Co K 36th Ga Inf (a Western Theater unit) 5/13/1862. He is listed as hospitalized at Atlanta 9/1/1863 (reason not given but presumably for disease as there is no record of his ever being wounded and no further record). Very Fine Adversity Cover. $300.00
SC893

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (margin close on left and minor faults) tied by a partial strike of the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 3 APR (1863). Adversity Cover made from a very coarse brown paper which appears to be an unused printed and lined account ledger sheet. Addressed to Mrs. W. D. Russell, Augusta, Georgia. The addressee’s husband was Whiteford Doughty Russell and is most likely the sender of the cover. Whiteford D. Russell of Richmond County, Georgia (1839-1864) entered service as a Lieut in Co I 1st Ga Inf 3/18/1861 for one year and then mustered out 3/18/1862 and transferred to the 21st Ga Cav Battalion as Capt of Co A 5/8/1862. On 2/13/1864 he transferred again to Co A 7th Ga Cav where he was promoted Major. He was mortally wounded in action at Trevilian’s Depot (Va) 6/11/1864 and died of his wounds three days later. Cover must date from April 1863 when Capt Russell was in Charleston with his then unit the 21st Ga Cav Battalion. Clean cover. $200.00
SC903

CSA #4 Vert Pair Stone 2 Positions 18, 28 (margin just in at top right) tied by the Greenville CH SC CDS with a JUL 1862 date. Addressed to Miss Rosa M. Pringle, Society Hill Darlington District, So. Ca. Sealed backflap opening tears, but otherwise a very clean cover. $350.00
SC916

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin with a small upper sheet margin Greenish-Blue) tied by an excellent full strike of the VIOLET Pendleton SC CDS 26 FEB. Small but complete cover addressed to miss Margaret Martin, Camden, So. Ca. File fold at the far left not affecting anything otherwise Very Fine. $350.00
SC919

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (margin just touches major border at top and with a right sheet margin, full outer frames top and bottom with double outer frame at bottom and part of adjacent stamp visible at bottom, almost full outer frame at left) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 7 OCT 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. W. R. Johnson, Petersburg, Va CSA. Cover with a minor reduction at the top and an unobtrusive very well done corner repair at the upper left. From the Col Green Collection and Ex-Calhoun. Signed“Dietz” on the reverse.Very Fine overall appearance. $2,000.00
SC921

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (margin touches main border at left, full outer frames right and bottom with a double frame right and a pre-affixing corner crease at the lower right) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 25 SEP 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. J. E. Hagood, Pickens CH SC. James E. Hagood was the clerk of the circuit court at Pickens CH and his business correspondence is extensive. Very clean cover with a Very Fine overall appearance. $1,000.00
SC922

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin, full outer double frame at top and part frames on the other three sides) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 6 NOV 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. T. A. Norton, Cross Hill, Laurens District, So. Car. The cover has been professionally restored to a Very Fine appearance. The restoration does not involve the stamp, the postmark, or the address. Ex-Colson, Ex-Calhoun. $850.00
SC927

USA #26 with a Grid cancel and the large single rim Charleston SC “15” CDS 14 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina. The Charleston postmark with the internal “15” is a pre-war mark used 1857-1860. At the present time, there are only two recorded examples of this Charleston postmark used in the Confederate period. The second is dated 25 MAR 1861 on a Trans-Atlantic cover to France offered as SC928. Addressed to W. Edw Dick Esq, Sumter So. Ca. Period docketing at left concerns the original contents “receipt for interest due on bond...” Clean cover with backflap opening tears and a small sealed edge tear top center at the top of the CDS. Ex-Calhoun. $550.00
SC932

Handstamp PAID 5 with the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 16 JUL 1861 Type E addressed to Rev J. A. Kennedy, Micanopy, Florida. Advertising Cover with an embossed oval colorless corner card at upper left “Hanckel & Norvell, Factors & Commission Merchants, Charleston SC.” The envelope is high quality stationery with a fancy embossed shield in the middle of the backflap. Small piece missing from the backflap, trivial tiny edge tear top center, and a little overall very light foxing. Very Fine advertising cover to an uncommon destination. $500.00
SC933

Handstamp PAID 5 with the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 7 DEC 1861 Type E. Blue paper adversity cover made from lightly lined graph paper. Addressed to (cannot accurately read the first name) Care Major E. P. Smith at Smiths Run, Glenn Springs PO, Spartanburg Dist., So. Ca. The “Major” title was not associated with the Confederate Army. Minor sealed backflap opening tears and an unobtrusive upper left corner repair, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. $200.00
SC934

USA Star Die Grid cancel with the matching Georgetown SC CDS 4 APR 1861 (full yeardate in the CDS) USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Mr. Henry Davis, Lynches Creek, So. Ca. Period notation at the top “Saupe No 4 2 Stamps” of unknown significance. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine appearance. $225.00
SC937

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y Horz Pair (adequate margins and a small clip to the upper right corner) tied by the Blue Columbia SC CDS 13 MAR (1863 by period docketing on the reverse). Military Address to Major General M. Lovell, Confederate House, Jackson, Miss. Gen Mansfield Lovell (1822-1886) was in command at New Orleans when the city fell to the Union in April 1862 and was blamed for the loss of the city. He commanded an Infantry Division at Corinth and Coffeeville later in 1862 but after Coffeeville was relieved of command and never given any further assignments during the war. A short biography of the general is included. The Stone Y stamp itself is extremely scarce as a multiple. Scott does not catalog a pair on cover. The new CSA Catalog lists a pair on cover at $2,500.00. The cover is very clean with only a little minor edge foxing and part of backflap missing. Still an overall Very Fine appearing cover with a very scarce pair of stamps. $2,000.00
SC942

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but close at the top and with a bottom sheet margin) tied by a partial strike of the RED Camden SC small double circle CDS 5 APR (1862). Small but complete cover addressed to Mrs. S. B. Manning, Manchester Depot, Sumter Dist, So. Ca. The addressee, Sally Bland Manning, was the wife of former South Carolina Governor John Lawrence Manning (1816-1889) who held office 1852-1854 and was the owner of the Milford plantation. The sender of this cover is not identified. Very Fine. Ex-Kohn, Ex-Finney. $300.00
SC943

CSA #16xu1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional Entire 26 AUG 1861. Addressed to Capt Allen J. Green, Columbia, So. Ca. Light period wax stain in the adress. Still a very Fine cover. $1,800.00
SC950

CSA #16x1 Charleston 5c Blue Provisional (margin a little irregular at the left) tied by the Charleston SC CDS 18 OCT 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to John Snead Esq, Lynchburg, Va. “DUE 5” handstamp applied for underpayment. The “DUE 5” mark is a Lynchburg, Va mark (Type H) applied on arrival. Most likely the cover was overweight as Lynchburg is less than 500 road miles from Charleston. Cover with some edge faults and a corner fault at the lower left and staining more apparent on the back. The cover is still very presentable and shows a scarce underpaid use of the Charleston provisional stamp. $850.00
SC951

CSA #16xu3 Charleston 5c Blue Provisional Orange Press Printed Envelope with a full strike of the Charleston SC CDS 5 SEP 1861. Addressed to J. A. Kirkpatrick, Greenville SC. Light staining at the lower left. Minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, Still a very presentable cover. $900.00
SC952

CSA #16xu4 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provissional Buff Press Printed Envelope with the Charleston SC CDS 16 AUG 1861, Addressed to Doctr J. A. Barksdale, Laurens, So. Ca. The cover has been professionally restored (top and left edges and two backflaps replaced) to an extremely fineappearance. Ex-Kohn. $1,600.00
SC956

CSA #12 (AD) (margin close at the top) Pen-Cancelled with matching manuscript “Allendale S.C. May 7.” Obscure use from Barnwell District. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Rev G. W. Hicks, Richmond, Va. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Kohn. $150.00
SC957

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the RED Chester CH SC CDS 14 AUG. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a printed unused court document. Addressed to R. G. Lewis Esqr, Raleigh, North Carolina. Top backflap cut and folded for display, and the top fold reinforced by archival tape. Very Fine appearance. $250.00
SC966

CSA #16xu4 Press Printed 5c Blue Charleston Provisional Postal Stationery on buff paper with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 20 AUG 1861 (4 days after the earliest recorded use). Addressed to Doct J. A. Barksdale, Laurens SC. Small part of backflap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $2,000.00
SC967

CSA #18xu8 Columbia PAID 5 Provisional all in BLUE with a clear strike of the blue oval control mark on the reverse and the Columbia SC CDS dated 24 JUL (1861). Addressed to Dr. Jno S. Palmer, Echaw PO, So. Ca. Advertising Cover with a colorless embossed oval corner card at the upper left for a Columbia cotton dealer. Cover has been professionally restored with the restoration involving the top backflap and the top edge but not invovling the postal markings or the advertising. The restoration gives the cover an extremely fine appearance. $700.00
SC968

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Anderson CH SC CDS 23 AUG. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Nancy Hardin, Monticello, Ga. Minor backflap opening tear and a little corner wear, otherwise a very clean cover.  $100.00
SC971

CSA #28xu1 Georgetown SC PAID 5 Provisional 21 DEC 1861 with a light strike of the Georgetown control mark on the reverse. Cover from the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Maria L. Middleton, Summerville, South Carolina. Cover is complete with minor light foxing. $1,600.00
SC976

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a broken frame at the top) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 6 MAY 1864. Advertising Cover with the stamp is affixed over a dark blue oval cameo advertising corner card (upper left) for “Williams, Birnie & Co. General Commission Merchants, Hayne, Anson and Church Sts Charleston SC.” Addressed to William T. Birnie Esq., Greenville SC. The fact that the stamp is affixed over the advertising may indicate that the company was no longer in business. Very Fine Advertising Cover. $550.00
SC979

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (4-Margin with a little minor edge gum toning) tied by a partial strike of the Greenville CH SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. R. B. Watson, Ridge PO SC with routing via Columbia. A little edge and corner wear with a sealed edge tear at the upper left and a sealed backflap opening tear. Very clean appearance and a nice Stone Y stamp. $250.00
SC981

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but close at the top) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 21 JAN 1862. Addressed to Messers J. H. & S. P. Gant Attys, Cleveland, Tenn. Very Fine.    $250.00
SC982

USA #26 Grid Cancel with the matching large single rim Charleston SC CDS 7 APR 1861 (full yeardate in the CDS) USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Thos Webb Esqr, Cashier, Hillsboro NC. Advertising Cover with handstamped oval shield for the Bank of Charleston in the center of the top backflap. Reduced at left not affecting anything. $250.00
SC989

CSA #4 Two Singles (left stamp is Stone 2 Position 29 with margin touching at the bottom) (right stamp is Stone 2 Position 13 with four margins) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 21 APR (1862) (double weight rate). Addressed to Mrs. Julia Coles, Charlottesville, Virginia.Very attractive cover. $400.00
SC992

CSA #18xu1 Columbia SC PAID 5 Provisional all in BLUE 28 NOV 1861. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Revd James P. Boyce Greenville SC. James Petigru Boyce (1827-1888) was a prominent Southern Baptist pastor and a founder of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Greenville SC which opened in 1859. Missing backflap with just a little light soiling and very decent strikes of the postal markings. Ex-Hart. $600.00
SC995

CSA #123xu1 Barnwell Court House SC PAID 5 Provisional (undated). Addressed to Rev Iverson L. Brookes, Hamburg, So. Ca. This cover is one of two recorded on Page 389 of the Crown Survey. Since, the survey was published , perhaps 3 or 4 more have been documented. All of the known Barnwell Court House provisional covers are addressed and have only the provisional marks and no postmark. Cover has some edge wear and edge staining but is still very presentable and scarce. CSA Certificate 1990. $2,000.00
SC996

CSA 18xu1 Columbia SC PAID 5 Provisional all in BLUE 6 NOV (1861). Lavender colored small commercially made Ladies Cover addressed to Mrs. T. P. Mikell, Col F. J. Moses, Sumter SC. The addressee was Rebecca R. Mikell, wife of Thomas P. Mikell (a local planter who served as a 2nd Lt in Co K 1st SC Inf). She apparently was staying with her father, F. J. Moses, while her husband was away serving with the army. F. J. Moses was a prominent attorney, and the title "Col" was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Clean cover slightly reduced at the top not affecting anything. Backflap opening tears. Ex-Deats, Ex-Kohn. $550.00
SC997

CSA #34xu2 Greenville SC PAID 10 Provisional 22 AUG (1861). Addressed to Mr. John M. Jones, Sandy Plains, Polk County NC. Undated double circle Control Mark Type C on the reverse. Minor sealed backflap tear otherwise Very Fine. Only one cover is listed in the Crown Survey, and this is not the listed cover. Some additional covers have been identified since then, but there are perhaps no more than five or six currently known.  CSA Certificate 1992. $1,500.00
SC998

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Canceled with the matching manuscript "Pineville (SC) 22 Sept" at top center. Addressed to Mrs R. Y. Dwight Care of Dr. Henry Ravenel, Monck's Corner SC. Endorsed at the top "R. Y. D. Asst Surg PACS (Provisional Army of the Confederate States)." Period manuscript at lower left "Pinopolis." Richard Yeadon Dwight (1837-1919) initially served in the ranks as a Private and then a Lieutenant in Holcombe's Legion and the 1st SC Inf before being appointed Asst Surgeon in Confederate Service in 1862. Dr. Dwight was an 1856 graduate of the South Carolina Military Academy in Charleston and saw extensive service throughout the war in various positions. The meaning of "Pinopolis" at the lower left is a mystery. At the time of the war, Pinopolis was a small community near Charleston and Monck's Corner. This could be a routing notation, but Pinoplis is not listed as having a Confederate post office and would not have been on a postal route. Others have speculated that "Pinopolis" could refer to a canal boat that plied the rivers and canals in that area. There is a note on the back of the cover by Jack Molesworth which suggests that possibility. However, there is no evidence that such a boat ever existed. Certainly bears further study. Slightly reduced at the top with minor edge repair, and a small corner repair at the lower left. $300.00
SC999

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with an opaline sheen) tied by the small double circle Cheraw SC CDS 1 JUN. Military Address to Cap Louis G. Young, Care of Cap M. McGehee, Milton, No. Ca. The envelope is high quailty blue paper stationery with a "PIRIES SATIN" easily seen watermark. Captain Louis Gourdin Young (1833-1922) served as a staff officer under General Pettigrew beginning in March 1862 and subsequently under Generals Pender, Ewell, Kirkland, and MacRea. He was wounded in action multiple times - Seven Pines, Gaines Mill, Gettysburg (3 times), Wilderness (twice), and Hatcher's Run. After the war he was a cotton exporter in Savannah, Ga. Could find nothing on a Captain M. McGehee, so assume this was a title not associated with the Confederate Army. Cover most likely from June 1864 after Captain Young's Wilderness wound, and he was possibly staying with a relative or friend during recovery. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise a Very Fine cover. $200.00
SC1006

CSA #4 (two singles affixed to appear as a vertical pair) Stone 2 (top stamp is Position 19, bottom stamp is Position 4) (margins tight to just in) tied together and to the cover by two strikes of the RED Camden SC CDS (date not apparent). Military Address to Mr. Geo W. Barnes, Care Capt James Doby, Kirkwood Cavalry SCV, Richmond, Virginia. The unit referenced in the address is Co E (Kirkwood Rangers) of Holcombe's SC Cavalry Battalion which was in Richmond in the Spring and Summer of 1863. Minor period ink stain at right, otherwise a very clean cover. Ex-Kohn. $300.00
SC1007

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Adams Run SC CDS 23 MAY. Addressed to Miss J. B. McDowell Care W. K. Steadman Esq, Sumter, So. Ca. Backflap missing and a light vertical file fold, otherwise a very clean appearance. $90.00
SC1010

CSA #11 (AD) Horz Pair (4-Margin) paying the double rate tied by the Sumter SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Railroad Address to Mrs. Rufus H. Owen, Wolf Trap PO, Richmond & DR Road (Richmond and Danville Railroad), Halifax County, Virginia. Routing instruction at lower lower left "via Richmond, Va." Rufus H. Owen (1831-1892) had service as Captain of Co G 6th Va Cav. At the time of this cover in 1864, Capt Owen was the Confederate Army Quartermaster in Sumter SC. Minor period acid ink erosions in the address which do not detract from the overall very clean appearance. Ex-Bush. $225.00
SC1012

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close at bottom left) with the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 4 JAN. Advertising Cover with oval embossed cameo shield in dark blue at the upper left "Hand, Williams & Graves, Wholesale Grocers Augusta, Geo." The stamps were originally affixed over the embossing but have been moved to the right to display the advertising. Addressed to Shelby NC. Very Fine. CSA Certificate 2013. The stamps show a coarse printing, and the right stamp has a transient random printing flaw on the chin of the portrait not mentioned on the certificate. $675.00
SC1015

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close on the right) tied by two strikes of the Admas Run SC CDS with a DEC date. Cover from the well-known Middleton Correpspondence addressed to Mr. William Middleton Care of Middleton & Co., Charleston, S. Carolina. The cover is endorsed with rank "Henry A. Wise Brig Genl" and marked "Private." The address is entirely in the General's hand. The original short one page letter remains with the cover also entirely in the General's hand and datelined "Adams Run SC Dec 25th 1863" (Christmas Day). Interestingly, the letter is written in the third person thanking Mr. Middleton for a present of a leg of mutton. Writing letters in the third person was often done at this time by people of prominence. Henry A. Wise (1806-1876) was the immediate pre-war governor of Virginia and served ably as a CSA Brig-Gen during the war. At the time of this letter, Gen Wise was serving under Gen Beauregard in the Charleston area. Very Fine cover and letter. $450.00
SC1017

CSA #5 Position 4 (catalog listed "ZEN" variety CC 5-v1) (4-Margin but a l;ittle close at the lower left and a decent color) tied by a somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the RED Camden SC CDS with a SEP (1862) date. Addressed to Capt Louis D. DeSaussure, Charleston SC. Capt Louis Daniel DeSaussure (1824-1888) of the prominent Charleston DeSaussure family was a staff officer during the war. At the time of this cover, he was the Inspector of Outposts in South Carolina. He later served on the staffs of various CSA generals including Walker, Elliottt, and Hagood. Very small but very clean commercially made pink lady's cover. Backflap opening tears but otherwise Very Fine. $750.00
SC1018

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins irregular and affixed upside down) tied by an indistinct SC small double circle CDS (date not apparent). Advertising Cover with the stamps affixed over a blue and white oval corner car for "Williams, Birnie & Co., Grocers and Commission Merchants, Charleston SC." Addressed to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton SC. The addressee was the son of John C. Calhoun, and the title of “Col” was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Few small erosion holes at the left which do not detract from the appearance, small reduction at the bottom, and part of bottom back flap missing. Very clean appearing cover. $300.00
SC1020

CSA #12 (AD) Opaline Sheen (4-Margin) pen-cancel with the RED Glenn Springs SC small single rim CDS 14 OCT (1863). Addressed to Miss Carrie Gist Care of Ex-Gov Gist, Unionville, So. Ca. William Henry Gist was the pre-war governor of South Carolina 1858-1860 and a leader of the secessionist movement. Very Fine cover with a very nice stamp and not a commonly seen red postmark. Ex-Frazier, Ex-Kohn, Ex-Powell. $225.00
SC1021

CSA #7 Horz Pair on London De La Rue Paper (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 14 APR. From the Mordecai Correspondence addressed to Miss Minnie Mordecai, Hon M. C. Mordecai, Columbia SC. Moses Cohen Mordecai (1804-1888) was the most prominent Jewish citizen, merchant, and politician in Charleston at this time and owned the Mordecai Steamship Line. Extremely Fine cover. Ex-Judd with his notation on the back. $200.00
SC1022

CSA #1 Stone A/B Olive Green (margin just in at top center) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not apparent). The stamp is missing the left lower corner secondary to a circular random printing flaw commonly referred to as a Short Transfer. This is merely a generic term which means part of the stamp design failed to print. In this case, the cause was most likely secondary to something on the printing stone at the time of printing such as a piece of dirt or a piece of lint. These random (transient) printing flaws are listed as a variety in the new CSA catalog under Stone 1 as CC 1-1-v1. However, this stamp does not plate to Stone 1 or Stone 2, so by appearance, color, and the process of elimination the stamp must be Stone A/B. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Joseph Abney, Edgefield CH SC. The addressee with the wife of Joseph Abney (1819-1870) who was first Captain of Co A 22nd SC Inf and then Colonel of the regiment until he was dropped in May 1862. Later he was Major of the 1st Batt SC Sharpshooters and then Major of the 27th SC Inf. He was severely wounded at Drewery's Bluff in May 1864 and died as a direct result of his wounds in 1870. Clean cover with sealed back flap opening tears and a handstamp on the back "Collection of D. W. Kaufman." $250.00
SC1023

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Spartanburg SC CDS 7 SEP 1864. Military Address to Lieut J. S. R. Thomson, York CH SC. Lieut Thomson was an enrolling officer. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1025

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (full inner frame margin and part outer frame margins) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 1 JAN (186(2) (New Years Day Cover), Light blue very small but complete ladys cover addressed to Mrs. J. J. Storton, Cross Hill, Laurens Dist, So. Car. Cover with minor edge wear. $750.00
SC1027

CSA #12 (AD) Dark Blue (4-Margin affixed sideways) tied by the small double circle BLUE-GREEN Chester CH SC CDS 3 NOV 1864. Date confirmed by period receiving docketing on the reverse. Small ladys type cover addressed to Mrs. J. A. Woodruff, Abbeville CH SC. Part of top backflap missing. Very clean cover. $150.00
SC1028

CSA #4 Stone 3 Position 28 (4-Margin but close in spots) with a Grid cancel and the matching Winnsborough SC CDS 17 APR (1862). Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Daniel Crawford, Columbia SC. Few back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $400.00
SC1029

CSA #4 Stone 3 Position 1 "Leaking N" variety (CC 4-3-v3) (margin a little irregular at the right but with an upper sheet margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 3 JUN (1862). Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. G. Reid, Mayesville SC. Back flap opening tears, otherwise a Very Fine appearance, $400.00
SC1030

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Robertville SC CDS 4 FEB (1864). Addressed to Mr. John W. Heidt, Box 420, Savannah, Georgia. Very Fine commericially made lady's type cover with embossed flowers on the backflap.

The addressee, John Wesley Heidt (1841-1909), was born in Savannah and served as a Sergeant in the Chatham Light Artillery, a local independent artillery unit raised in Savannah and assigned at this time to the Savannah defenses. The cover is from his girlfriend, Leila Villard (1844-1929), in Robertville SC whom he would marry later in 1864. The Heidt-Villard Correspondence is extensive and well-known as much of the correspondence is archived at the Georgia Historical Society. After the war, John W. Heidt became a Methodist minister in 1866 and served in various locations in Georgia including as president of several colleges and universities.
$150.00
SC1033

CSA #7 (two singles with dramatically different color shades) tied together and to the cover by the Spartanburg SC double circle CDS 19 OCT 1862. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Miss H. A. Willowby , Rockmount Edgecomb Co., NC. Very Fine, Ex-Kohn. $250.00
SC1044

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin just touches on the right) tied by the Hodges SC double rim postmark 31 MAR (1862). Addressed to James Hemphill Esqr, Chester SC. Small reduction on the left not affecting anything. Very clean cover. $250.00
SC1045

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Marion CH SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. William Gordon, Abbeville C.H., South Carolina. Very clean cover. $75.00
SC1046

USA #26 tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 19 MAY 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Mr. J. D. Sullivan,, Williamston SC. Yellow paper Advertising Cover with and embosed oval corner card in brown at the upper left "Geo. W. Williams & Co. Wholesale Grocers. Nos 1 & 3 Hayne St. Charleston, S.C."  Very clean and very attractive adverstising cover with minor small sealed edge tears at bottom center and center left. Ex-Bogg. $550.00
SC1047

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin ) tied by a full strike of the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 7 JUL 1863. Small but complete lady's type cover addressed to Miss R. A. Bartlette, Sumter SC. Very Fine. $75.00
SC1050

CSA 16x1 5c Blue Charleston Provisional (Two Singles paying the double weight rate) tied together and to the cover by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 8 DEC (1861). The stamps have faults, and the envelope was opened at the right and reduced through the right side of the right stamp. Blue paper cover addressed to Messers Van Lew, Taylor & Co., Richmond, Virginia. Van Lew, Taylor and Company sold horses and carriages in Richmond. This is also an Advertising Cover with colorless embossed circular advertising on the top back flap "Hastie, Calhoun & Co Importers of Saddlery, Coach Hardware, 39 Hayne St., Charleston. So. Ca." The cover certainly has some condition problems regarding the stamps and the right side, but it is still quite presentable and a very significant provisional use rarity with Confederate Catalog unlisted Charleston advertising. This is one of three recorded covers with two singles of this stamp and is illustrated on Page 106 of Rick Calhoun's book on the Charleston provisionals. There are currently four covers recorded with an actual pair.

Of historical interest is the fact that John Van Lew of Van Lew, Taylor and Company had a daughter named Elizabeth Van Lew who was a well-known Unionist in Richmond and a very effective Union spy who operated out of the Van Lew Mansion on Grace Street throughout the entire war. The Van Lew Mansion was demolished in 1911, the year of her death. As a reward for her spying activites, President Grant appointed her Postmistress of Richmond. Needless to say she was not well thought of in Richmond when her spying activites became known after the war.
$1,000.00
SC1051

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville SC CDS 29 JAN (1864). Addressed to Honl Edward Frost, Charleston, So. Ca. Period receiving docketing at left. Edward Frost (1801-1868) was a very prominent Charleston attorney and judge. Very Fine homemade cover with a nice stamp. $125.00
SC1052

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 27 AUG. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused legal form which has not been cut or folded for display. Addressed to Mrs. F. G. Ruffin, Box 124, Richmond, Virginia. The addressee was the wife of Col Francis Gildart Ruffin (1816-1890), a CSA staff officer in Richmond who served as assistant to the Chief Commissay General. Ruffin was a planter in Albermarle and Chesterfield counties and resigned in February 1865 as he was about to be court martialed for "conflict of interest." Clean cover and a nice representative example of an adversity cover. $150.00
SC1053

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Orangeburg SC CDS 21 APR (1864). Addressed to James P. Boyce, Greenville SC. James Petigru Boyce (1827-1888) was a prominent Southern Baptist pastor and a founder of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Greenville SC which opened in 1859. Period receiving docketing at the the right. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1054

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close at left and touches at right and with a small lower sheet margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 2 JAN. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a used legal document displayed flapped down from the top right. Addressed to Mrs. M. R. Singleton, Wateree SC. The Singleton family were prominent South Carolina cotton planters. $175.00
SC1055

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) (4-Margin) tied by the pre-war Charleston SC smaller single rim postmark 3 NOV with an inverted day logo (1864 by period docketing). This Charleston postmark was only very occasionally used in the Confederate period. The postmarks more commonly used were the small double circle or the large single rim with yeardate and missing digit. This pre-war mark differs from the other more commonly used CSA single rim device in that it is somewhat smaller than the CSA mark, has a different style of lettering, and has no yeardate within the postmark. Only about 40 covers are recorded where this pre-war Charleston postmark was used from mid-1862 to mid-1864. Addressed to Mrs. R. Y. Dwight Care of Dr. Henry Ravenel, Black Oak PO SC. Routing directtion at lower left “Forward direct to Charleston.”  Endorsed at top “R. Y. D. Asst Surg PACS (Provisional Army of the Confederate States).” "R. Y. D." was Dr. Richard Yeadon Dwight (1837-1919) an 1859 graduate of the Medical College of South Carolina. Dr. Dwight entered service in November 1861 as a private in Holcombe's SC Cavalry Legion. By 1864, he was serving as an Assistant Surgeon. Light coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade. Small edge and corner faults and a minor reduction at the left. Very clean cover with a nice stamp and a scarce postmark. $350.00
SC1056

CSA #6 Horz Pair affixed upside down (margin a little close at the top and a light file fold through the right stamp) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 24 AUG 1862. Military Address to Surgeon H. D. Fraser PACS (Provisional Army of the Confederate States), Aiken, So. Ca. Manuscript “Official Business” at upper right. Henry DeSaussure Fraser (1828-1895) of Charleston SC, a graduate of the South Carolina Medical College in 1851, entered Confederate service as an Assistant Surgeon in 1861. For much of the war he served as Surgeon in Charge of the Third Army Corps ANV field hospital and was on the staff of Gen A. P. Hill. Surgeon Fraser was captured at Gettysburg and held as a POW until released five months later. After the war, he returned to his practice in Charleston. Very clean cover. $175.00
SC1057

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 14 MAR. L:ight blue paper cover addressed to Mr. F. R. Rast Care of Dr. R. K. Holman, St Matthews PO, So. Ca. Part of top back flap and one side back flap missing. Very clean appearance and a nice stamp. $75.00
SC1058

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap and tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 3 DEC 1863. Stamp not damaged in opening. Adversity Cover made from lined notebook paper. Addressed to Miss Sarah Castles, Yonguesville, So. Ca. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1059

CSA #4 Horz Pair (possibly Stone 3 but not plated) (margin just in at the top of the left stamp) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap. Stamps not damaged in opening. Canceled by the small double circle Cheraw SC CDS 18 MAR. Addressed to Mr. William Thompson, Clarks Creek, Mongumay (Montgomery) County NC "in hast." Small but complete cover and very clean. $175.00
SC1060

Group of three stampless covers from the same correspondence with the Yorkville SC postmark and handstamp PAID 5 Type B dated 6 DEC (1861), 17 DEC (1861), and 26 DEC (1861). All three with Military Address to Lieut I. D. Witherspoon, Co A 12th Regmt SCV Care of Col Dunovant, Pocotaligo (SC). The covers are from Lieut Withspoon's wife, but there are no enclosures. Lieut Issac Donnom Witherspoon (1833-1901) entered service 9/1/1861 as the 2nd Lieut of Co A 12th SC Inf. The regiment joined the ANV in May 1862 as part of Gregg's Bridgade, A.P. Hill's Division. Prior to that, the regiment was assigned to the Department of South Carolina. From May 1862 on, the 12th SC Inf took part in all the major actions of the ANV. However, records of SC soldiers are notoriously sketchy. So there is no detailed record of Lieut Witherspoon's activities, but he did survive the war. The 1860 census shows I. D. Witherspoon as a lawyer in York SC. Col Richard Gill Mills Dunovant (1821-1898), mentioned in the address, was a physician and a planter and was also a Colonel in the Mexican War. He commanded the 12th SC Inf from 9/1/1861 until his resignation 4/2/1862. He served in the SC legislature 1864-1865. Very nice little grouping of covers. $300.00
Three
Covers
SC1062

CSA #12 (KB) Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 14 NOV 186(4). Addressed to R. B. Rhett Esqr Junr, Charleston, So. Ca. The addressee, Robert Barnwell Rhett Jr (1828-1905), was the editor of the Charleston Mercury newspaper and the son of Robert Barnwell Rhett (1800-1876) who was a very prominent South Carolina politician and a "fire-eater" secessionist. The Rhett family owned a plantation in the Beaufort area. The cover, a folded lettersheet from which the page with the letter has been removed, is by definition an Overpaid Drop Letter (postmark and address from the same city). Most unusual to see a pair of 10c stamps overpaying a drop letter, but it is possible. It could also be a "way" use originating from somewhere outside the city between post offices and double weight accounting for the double rate, but that is only speculation and cannot be proven without the original letter. Very Fine. $250.00
SC1064

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 29 APR. Cover from the Witherspoon Corrsepndence addressed to Mrs. I. D. Witherspoon, Yorkville, So. Ca. The addressee was the wife of Lieut Isaac Donnom Witherspoon (1833-1901) of Co A 12th SC Inf. The 12th SC Inf was an ANV unit and in Virginia, so the cover is most likely not from her husband but perhaps from another relative. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1066

CSA #11 (AD) (margin close on the right) tied by the small double circle Cheraw SC CDS with an AUG date. Adversity Cover made from an Unused printed Charleston form for "E. J. Meyer, Auctioneer & Commission Merchant Vendue Range." Vendue Range was a street in Charleston. Addressed to R. S. H. Hanahan Esq, Charleston, S. Ca. Cover has not been cut or folded for display. Very Fine. $250.00
SC1067

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 29 JUL. Blue paper cover addressed to High Shoals Iron Co., Iron PO, Lincolnton Co., No. Ca. Minor sealed back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. $125.00
SC1068

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 10 JUN. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. Thos Will, Martins Depot, Laurens Dist. SC. Manuscript "Telegram" at lower left indicating that the cover contained a telegram which is no longer with the cover. Martins Depot was on the Laurens Railroad and went through several name changes and is now known as Joanna SC. Back flap opening tear, otherwise a very clean cover. $125.00
SC1071

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (stamp affixed upside down with margibn touching at the bottom but with a large sheet margin) tied by the smaller single rim Charleston SC CDS 14 DEC. This Charleston postmark was only very occasionally used in the Confederate period. The postmarks more commonly used were the small double circle or the large single rim with yeardate and missing digit. This pre-war mark differs from the other more commonly used CSA single rim device in that it is somewhat smaller than the CSA mark, has a different style of lettering, and has no yeardate within the postmark. Only about 40 covers are recorded where this pre-war Charleston postmark was used from mid-1862 to mid-1864. Semi-Official Imprinted Cover "Head Quarters 1st Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Official Business" (CC WD-ZA-24). The entire imprint is lined through indicating private use of the cover. Military Address to Major Joseph Abney, 27th Regt So Ca Vol, James Island SC.  James Island is in Charleston Harbor, so this arguably could be considered as an overpaid drop letter. Joseph Abney (1819-1870) was first Captain of Co A 22nd SC Inf and then Colonel of the regiment until he was dropped in May 1862. Later he was Major of the 1st Batt SC Sharpshooters and then Major of the 27th SC Inf. He was severely wounded at Drewery's Bluff in May 1864 and died as a direct result of his wounds in 1870. Part of top back flap torn away in opening, otherwise a Very Fine cover. $650.00
SC1073

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 6 OCT. From the well-known and well-documented Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Harriett Middleton, Flat Rock, Henderson County, North Carolina. Small but complete lady's type cover with the embossed initials on the backflap "SMH" for Harriett Middleton's sister Susan. Very Fine. $150.00
SC1075

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 17 FEB. Blue paper cover addressed to Capt Jos Glover, Walterboro, So. Ca. The Glover family was very prominent in Colleton County SC. The 1860 Census shows a Dr. Joseph E. Glover (age 49) (physician) residing in Walterboro Colleton County SC. Could find no record of a Captain Jos Glover serving in the Confederate Army. May have been a pre-war rank or a state rank. Clean cover. Ex-Bogg. $75.00
SC1076

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin but close on the right) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 25 JAN 186- (missing digit CDS). Addressed to Mr. Wm Birnie Jr, Greenville SC. Green embossed oval cameo corner card Advertising Cover "Williams, Birnie & Co. General Commission Merchants, Hayne, Anson and Church St, Charleston SC." Very Fine. Ex-Kilbourne. $700.00
SC1081

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville SC CDS with a DEC date. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Rev J. P. Boyce, Columbia SC. James Petigru Boyce (1827-1888) was a prominent Southern Baptist pastor and a founder of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Greenville SC which opened in 1859. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1083

Stampless cover with the Edgefield SC double rim CDS with an APR date and handstamp PAID 10(ms) Type A. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a blue and gray stylized floral pattern displayed flapped up from the lower left corner. Addressed to Dr. J. H. Furman, Milledgeville, Georgia. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $500.00
SC1084

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 10 (4-Margin with a small right sheet margin) tied by a partial strike of the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Jane S. Tatum, Branchville, So. Ca. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. $200.00
SC1088

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 40 (near 4-Margin but close at the top center) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 15 MAY (1862). Commercially made pink lined lady's cover addressed to Mrs. Stephen Elliott, Camden, S. Carolina. Small part of back flap torn away. Still a clean and very fine appearing cover.

The addressee, Sarah Gibbes De Saussure Elliott, was the stepmother of CSA Brig-Gen Stephen Elliott Jr having married Gen Elliott's father, Stephen Elliott Sr, after his first wife died.
$150.00
SC1089

CSA #12 AD (4-Margin) tied by the VIOLET Pendleton SC CDS 16 SEP. Adversity Cover made from a printed form from the Blue Ridge Railroad of South Carolina displayed flapped over from the left. The railraod was originally planned to operate between Anderson SC and Knoxville, Ten. But at the time of the war, the railroad was only 34 miles in length between Anderson SC and West Union SC. Addressed to Judge Frost, Charleston, So. Ca. Edward Frost (1801-1868), a SC politician and jurist, was involved with the Blue Ridge Railroad of South Carolina endeavor and was the president of the railroad. Very Fine Cover. $350.00
SC1090

Stampless cover with the small single rim Rock Hill SC CDS 25 DEC (1861) (Christmas Day Cover) and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A. Military Address to A. B. Springs Esq Care of Capt John White, 6 Reg So. Ca. Vol., Manassas Junction, Virginia. Charge "R. A. S." at upper right. Minor edge wear, and part of top back flap missing. Still a very clean appearing cover.. Ex-Kaufmann, Ex-Northcutt.

Col Andrew Baxter Springs (1819-1886) was a wealthy planter from the York District SC near Fort Mill. The title of "Col: was honorary. He did not serve in the 6th SC Inf but most likely was in Manassas Junction on private business. Other covers in the Springs Correspondence show him back home in Fort Mill SC in early 1862. The regiment was raised from that district. Capt White, also from Fort Mill SC, was a member of a prominent family and was either a friend, business partner, or perhaps a relative of the addressee. The "Charge R. A. S." refers to the addressee's older brother Richard Austin Springs.

John M. White (1833-1877) was Capt of Co H beginning when the regiment was organized in April 1861. He was later promoted Major (1863) and Lt Col (1864). He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines (31 May - 1 June 1862) but fought throughout the war surrendering at Appomattox.
$200.00
SC1096

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (margin close to main border at top left, full outer frames top, right and bottom with a double frame top and part double frame right) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 5 NOV 1861. Addressed to Mr(s). Julia F. Wilds, Darlington CH, So. Ca. Very Fine.

Julia F. Wilds (1813-1876), widow of Peter Abel Wilds (1801-1851) with 5 children, is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a planter in Darlington SC. Wilds Hall, the family home, still stands in Darlington County and is a listed historic property on the National Register.
$1,000.00
SC1098

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and showing a very coarse printing) tied by the large singe rim Charleston SC CDS 10 APR 186-. Addressed to Mrs Mary A. Baker, Addeville CH, SoCa. Adversity cover made from an 1850's printed flyer concerning children's school expenses from the South Carolina Lodge No. 1 of the I.O.O.F. (International Order of Odd Fellows). Sealed edge tear at the upper left, and several sealed internal tears. Clean cover which has been previously opened for display. $250.00
SC1100

CSA #7 single tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 21 MAR 186-. Addressed to Miss Jane Ann Adger (Care of) Rev J. B. Adger DD, Pendleton SC. The stamp underpaid the 10c rate. A handstamp "5" was applied most likely in Charleston to assess 5c postage due for the underpayment. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused shipping form. Displayed flapped up from the lower left corner. Minor corner wear at the upper left, otherwise a Very Fine cover.

Rev John Bailey Adger (1810-1899) was a prominent Presbyterian minister in South Carolina. The addressee, Jane Ann Adger (1822-1899), was his sister who never married. The Adger family was large and had acquired their family wealth in shipping and banking in Charleston in the pre-war decades. The sender is not identified but most likely is from a family member in Charleston.
$250.00
SC1101

CSA #16x1 Charleston SC 5c Blue Provisional (shows almost all of the margin lines except for a small margin nick at left center) pen-cancelled and matching manuscript "Wideman's SC Nov 19th (1861)" at top left. From the Pettigrew Correspondence addressed to Mrs C. L. Pettigrew, Scuppernong, North Carolina. This cover represents an unauthorized use of the Charleston provisional stamp from an obscure South Carolina town in the Abbeville District approximately 170 miles from Charleston that was accepted as postage. The provisional stamps were only to be used at the post office of issue. There are only a small handful of covers recorded with the Charleston provisional stamp used and accepted as postage outside of Charleston. Clean cover slightly refolded at the top and with a sealed edge tear at the top left which does not affect the manuscript postal markings. Ex-Calhoun and illustrated on Page 81 in his book on the Charleston provisionals.

The Pettigrews were a large and very prominent plantation family in North Carolina but lost everything after the war. The addressee, Jane Caroline (North) Pettigrew (1828-1887), was the wife of Charles Lockhart Pettigrew (1816-1873). His plantation was known as Bonarva located on Lake Phelps. C. L. Pettigrew was an older brother of CSA General James Johnston Pettigrew who commanded a division during Pickett's Charge and was then killed a few days later while covering the army's retreat from Gettysburg.
$1,250.00
SC1102

CSA #4b Dark Blue Stone 2 Position 5 (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 22 JUN (1862). Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. Joseph Abney, Charleston P Office SC at the Charleston Hotel. Overpaid Drop Letter. Receiving docketing at the left. Minor period ink stains at the lower left, otherwise Very Fine.

Joseph Abney (1819-1870), a lawyer from Charleston, was first Captain of Co A 22nd SC Inf and then Colonel of the regiment until he was dropped in May 1862. This cover dates from just after he was dropped from the army rolls during the reorganization of May 1862. Later he was Major of the 1st Batt SC Sharpshooters and then Major of the 27th SC Inf. He was severely wounded at Drewery's Bluff in May 1864 and died as a direct result of his wounds in 1870. 
$500.00
SC1105

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 Positions 5-6 (margin just touches at upper right and with an upper sheet margin) tied by the Darlington SC CDS 3 MAY (1862). Stamps pay the double weight rate. Addressed to Hon Wm H, Gist, Columbia, So. Ca. Period docketing at left "S. A. Wood $3.37 enclosed no answer" naming the sender and indicating the cover contained money. The docketing does not appear to be in the former governor's hand so was most likely written by a secretary. Missing part of top back flap, otherwise Very Fine.

William Henry Gist (1807-1874) was the pre-war governor of South Carolina 1858-1860 and a leader of the secessionist movement. He was a signer of the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession on 12/20/1860. William Henry Gist was a cousin of States Rights Gist, a Confederate General killed while leading a charge at the Battle of Franklin (Tennessee) 11/30/1864, the last major battle fought in the Western Theater.
$550.00
SC1106

CSA #28xu1 Georgetown SC PAID 5 Stampless Provisional with the Control Mark on the reverse 28 NOV 1861. Addressed to Mrs. William C. Johnstone, Dunns Rock PO, Transylvania Co., North Carolina. Very Fine. PSE Cert 2001. $1,000.00
SC1107

Stampless cover with the Pendleton SC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type D all in VIOLET 15 DEC. Addressed to Thomas Frost Esqr, Charleston, So. Ca. Adversity Cover made from a printed proposal form to furnish and deliver cross-ties to the Blue Ridge Rail Road Company in South Carolina. Displayed flapped up from the lower right corner. Very Fine. $400.00
SC1108

Stampless cover with the small double circle Columbia SC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type J all in BLUE 30 AUG (1863). The small double circle Columbia SC postmark is not seen all that often. Adversity use of a pre-war USA postal service imprinted envelope (not a Confederate imprinted envelope) with "POST OFFICE BUSINESS FREE" imprint at the upper right and "POST-MASTER" printed for the address. Both the imprint and the "POST-MASTER" in the address are lined through as cover not used for post office business. Addressed to J. E. Hagood Esqr., Pickens CH, So. Ca. James E. Hagood was the clerk of the circuit court at Pickens CH, and his business correspondence is extensive. Small period ink stain at the upper right with a small repaired erosion affecting part of the imprint.

The original letter remains with the cover from one J. H. Marshall. The letter refers to an enclosed check and has an interesting statement "Tell Lt Garvin that he will find the pocket book & papers of Dr. Grant the prisoner in the lower part of the book case."
$350.00
SC1111

CSA #12 (AD) affixed sideways (margins touch at left and bottom) with a Grid cancel and the marching Winnsborough SC CDS to the left 9 OCT (1864). Period receiving docketing at the top center dates the cover to 1864. Addressed to Dr. R. Y. Dwight, Assistant Surgeon, Macon, Georgia. Very clean cover with a small sealed edge tear at top left, two sealed top back flap tears, and very slightly reduced at the right where opened. Ex Kaufmann.

Richard Yeadon Dwight (1837-1919) initially served in the ranks as a Private and then a Lieutenant in Holcombe's Legion and the 1st SC Inf before being appointed Assistant Surgeon in Confederate Service. Dr. Dwight was an 1856 graduate of the South Carolina Military Academy (The Citadel) in Charleston and saw extensive service throughout the war in various positions. At the time of this cover, he was serving as Assistant Surgeon at the Convalescent Camp at Macon, Georgia.
$125.00
SC1112

Stampless cover with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS and handstamp PAID 2 Type C 28 SEP 186- (1863). Cover dated to 1863 by period receiving docketing at top center. Military Address to Lieut R. Y. Dwight, Company "D" Sullivans Island SC. Sullivan's Island was part of the defenses of Charleston Harbor. The cover was treated as a Drop Letter. Small parts of back flaps missing, but a very clean appearing cover and an excellent postal use. Ex Kohn, Ex Bogg.

Richard Yeadon Dwight (1837-1919) initially served in the ranks as a Private and then a Lieutenant in Holcombe's Legion and the 1st SC Inf before being appointed Assistant Surgeon in Confederate Service in 1862. Dr. Dwight was an 1856 graduate of the South Carolina Military Academy (The Citadel) in Charleston and saw extensive service throughout the war in various positions including medical and as a line officer. At the time of this cover, he was serving as a 2nd Lieut in Co D 1st SC Inf and assigned to Sullivan's Island. Later in 1864, he would serve as Assistant Surgeon at the Convalescent Camp at Macon, Georgia.
$300.00
SC1114

Stampless cover with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type G 4 SEP 186- (1863). Addressed to James Hemphill Esq, Chester CH SC. State Imprint "State of South Carolina Executive Department" (TypeS-SC-02). Period receiving docketing at left dates the cover to 1863 and indicates that the cover was from Gov Bonham. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine Ex Kohn.

Milledge Luke Bonham (1813-1890) was the Confederate Governor of South Carolina 1862-1864. He was a prominent pre-war politician and US Congressman and  served as a Colonel in the Mexican War. He also attained the rank of Major-General of the South Carolina Militia and was appointed a Brig-Gen in the CSA Army in 1861 and fought with disinction at First Manassas. He resigned from the army when he won election as governor. He was reinstated as a Brig-Gen when he left office. After the war, he practiced law and was active in state politics. The address is not in the governor's handwriting and most likely was written by a secretary or an aide.
$375.00
SC1115

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish Blue (margin just touches at left) tied by the Bennettsville SC CDS 9 SEP. Addressed to Col James H. Witherspoon, Georgetown SC. Period [pencil docketing at left indicates the cover was sent by some named "Dudley." This appears to have been once a folded letter written on an unused ledger page. The part with the letter has been cut away so that this is now mostly a front with a sealed edge tear at the left center. Very clean.

James Hervey Witherspoon (1810-1865) was a prominent South Carolina politician who served in the First Confederate Congress as a representative from South Carolina. He also served as Colonel of the 8th SC State Reserve Troops.
$75.00
SC1116

CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 3 Position 12 (4-Margin) but close at the top. Tied to folded letter complete by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 5 MAY 1862. Addressed to Bank Newberry, Newberry SC.  Business letter concerning $50,000.00 in CSA Treasury Certificates (Bonds) at 6%. Clean appearing cover but two light horizontal file folds at the top which go through the stamp. $225.00
SC1119

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin and affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap and not damaged in opening) tied by the Greenville CH SC CDS 10 JUN. Full Military Address to Capt T. Gaillard Croft, Co C 16th Regt SCV Care of Gen Gist Army of Tennessee. Adversity Cover made from a printed legal document exempting members of the Columbia and Charleston Fire Departments from Conscription. Not quite a front as the backflap with the stamps and postmark remain intact, but the other three flaps are missing.

Theodore Gaillard Croft (1845-1915) was a cadet at The Citadel in 1861. He served as the Captain of Co C 16 SC Inf (Croft Mountain Rangers) beginning 4/1/1862. The Croft Family was a large family with a number of family members in this unit. After the war, Capt Croft practiced as a physician in Aiken SC.
$150.00
SC1121

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin and affixed upside down) tied by the small double circle Chester CH SC CDS which appears to be distinctly struck in a red-brown color. but is more likely to be a somewhat degraded black. Addressed to Messers Morrison Gaither & Co., Eagle Mills NC. This company was a cotton factory in the 1860's. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a gray and white linear geometric type pattern which is displayed very well with the left lower corner flapped up. PF Certificate from 1985 which mentions the red-brown postmark. Very Fine. $850.00
SC1122

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 25 FEB. Addressed to Mrs. J. Devereux, Raleigh, North Carolina. Commercially made lady's stationery with embossed flowers on the back flap. Small sealed edge tear at the upper left corner, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee was Margaret Lane Mordecai Devereux (1825-1910). The Mordecai family was a very prominent Jewish family in Raleigh NC. She was the wife of Major John Devereaux (1819-1893), a North Carolina planter who served as the Chief Quartermaster of the State of North Carolina during the war. Their eldest son, Thomas Pollack Devereux (1845-1913), enlisted as a private in Co D 43rd NC Inf in January 1864. The sender of this cover is unidentified.
$100.00
SC1123

CSA #11 (AD) (margins cut close on all four sides) tied by the Greenville CH SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. R. M. Cleveland, Lawrenceville, Gwinnett Co., Ga.  Clean appearing cover with a small edge nick repair at top center, a little edge wear at the bottom center, and part of top back flap missing. $75.00
SC1125

CSA #4 (very likely Stone 3 but cannot accurately plate the stamp) (margin just in at the bottom) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 5 JUN (1862). Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. S. Crittenden, Greenville SC. Minor back flap opening tear and a little light foxing. Still a very clean appearing cover.

The addressee, Eliza Jane Lynch Crittenden (1838-1865), was the wife of Stephen Stanley Crittenden (1829-1911) who is listed on the Census of 1860 as a Greenville County SC fairly wealthy farmer (planter).  S. S. Crittenden entered Confederate service as 1st Lieut of Co G 4th SC Inf 2/1/1861. He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines (Va) 6/1/1862 which ended his field service. On 11/5/1862, he was commissioned as Lt Col of the 3rd SC Reserve Infantry. After the war, he served in the South Carolina State House of Representatives and in the South Carolina State Senate (1870-1880), and was the postmaster of Greenville SC 1885-1890. On 5/11/1911 at age 82, which was not long after the death of his second wife, he committed suicide in Greenville by a pistol shot to the forehead.
$200.00
SC1126

Stampless cover with the small double circle Spartanburg SC CDS and handstamp PAID 5 16 SEP (1861). This particular PAID 5 handstamp is not currently listed in the CSA catalog. Addressed to Lieut J. B. Patrick, Columbia SC. Unable to accurately identify the addressee. Very Fine Ex-Emerson, Ex-Cole, Ex-Oswald. $200.00
SC1127

USA Star Die (2 covers with one white with patent lines and one amber without patent lines) -- The covers show the two different Charleston SC postmarks used on the same day in the USA Used in the CSA period.

The first cover has a Grid cancel and the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 23 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carlolina. Addressed to John H. Peters Esqr, Washington City D.C. Period ink stain at upper left, and a minor reduction at the left where opened. Still a clean appearing cover.

The second cover has a Grid cancel and a full strike of the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 23 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Mr. Paul F. Villepigue, Camden SC. Minor horizontal file fold, otherwise Very Fine.

John H. Peters (b1816) of South Carolina is listed on the Federal Census of 1860 as a lawyer in Washington DC. He was also referred to as a judge. In April 1861, he was offered command of SC troops by SC Governor Pickens but declined. Abraham Lincoln appointed him Consul to Tunis in April 1861 but was apparently never confirmed by the Senate.

Paul Francis Villepigue (1795-1862), the addressee and a Camden SC merchant, was the father of CSA Brig-Gen John B. Villepigue (1830-1862), but the address is not in the General’s hand. Gen Villepigue, a West Point graduate, was the Colonel of the 36th Ga Inf prior to his promotion to Brig-Gen in early 1862. He was severely wounded in the defense of Fort McRee in Pensacola and had distinguished service while in command at Fort Pillow and while commanding a brigade at Corinth. Gen Villepigue fell victim to a fever and Died of Disease at Port Hudson, La 11/9/1862.
$300.00
Two
Covers
SC1128

USA #26 Grid Cancel with the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 6 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Addressed to Wier Boyd Esqr, Dahlonega, Ga. Period receiving docketing at left. Very Fine.

Wier Boyd (1820-1893) was a very prominent citizen of Lumpkin County, Ga,. He was a lawyer who served multiple times in the Georgia State Legislature and the Georgia State Senate. During the war, he served as the Colonel of the 52nd Ga Inf until he contracted Typhoid which ended his service. His son, Captain Augustus Boyd (age 18) of the same unit, was killed at Vicksburg in May 1863.
$150.00
SC1129

CSA #4 Two Singles Dark Blue from the same sheet paying the 10c rate Stone 2 Positions 28, 38 (the left Position 28 stamp is 4-Margin, the right Position 38 stamp is overlapped by the left stamp and has a large transient printing flaw in the lower value table and a second transient printing flaw to the left of the portrait CC 4-2-v9) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 24 JUL (1862). Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Major Joseph Abney, Battalion Sharpshooters, Grahamville, So. Ca. Very Fine.

Joseph Abney (1819-1870) was first Captain of Co A 22nd SC Inf and then Colonel of the regiment until he was dropped in May 1862. Later he was Major of the 1st Batt SC Sharpshooters and then Major of the 27th SC Inf. He was severely wounded at Drewery's Bluff in May 1864 and died as a direct result of his wounds in 1870.
$375.00
SC1131

Stampless cover with the Anderson CH SC CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 19 SEP. Addressed to W. B. Smith , President Union Bank of So. Ca., Columbia, So.Ca. Adversity Cover made from a printed mathematical rate conversion table. Back of the cover used for some arithmetic, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
SC1133

Stampless cover with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type G 22 DEC. Addressed to W. F. Gray Esq, Richmond, Va. Adversity Cover made from a blue paper printed but unused Port of Charleston shipping form. Very Fine. $225.00
SC1137

CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 2 (not plated) (margin touches at the top) tied by the Blue Columbia SC CDS 7 JUN (1862). This is both an Advertising and an Adversity Cover. There is a colorless embossed advertising oval in the left upper corner for the Congaree Iron Works in Columbia SC. The cover itself is made from a printed advertising circular. The lower left corner is folded up to display the printing. Very Fine.
$725.00
SC1138

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Spartanburg SC CDS 22 OCT 1863. Full Military Address to Lieut Edward J. Dean, Co C 22nd S C Regt, Evans Brigade, Charleston, South Carolina. Period receiving docketing in pencil at top center says that the cover was received at Charleston 25 OCT 1863. Very coarse brown paper cover which appears homemade. Very Fine.

The Edward Jefferson Dean (1842-1885) correspondence is well known as this is the correspondence that contains most of the known covers with the rare Spartanburg provisional adhesive with letters written to him by his sister. The provisional covers in 1861 identify him as a Corpl in the Spartan Rifles Co K 5th SC Inf. This 12 month regiment disbanded in April 1862, and Corpl Dean apparently re-enlisted in the Palmetto South Carolina Sharpshooters as did many other members of the disbanded regiment. By the time of this cover, he was commissioned a Lieut in Co C 22nd SC Inf and later promoted Captain of the company. Capt Dean was captured as a POW while leading his company at the Battle of the Crater (7/30/1864) during the Siege of Petersburg and remained in captivity at Fort Delaware until the end of the war. Capt Dean's brother was Lieut Col John Mills Dean (1835-1862) of the 7th Ark Inf who was killed-in-action at the Battle of Shiloh while commanding his regiment.
$200.00
SC1139

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 9 (margin tight at the left) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 10 MAR (1862). From the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Harriott Middleton Care of Middleton & Co., Charleston, South Carolina. Very clean cover. $250.00
SC1141

CSA #5 Deep Rose (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 21 JUL (1862). Beautiful color to the stamp offset by the blue postmark. From the well-known and well-documented Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Harriett Middleton, Flat Rock, Henderson County, North Carolina. Minor corner wear at the bottom left, sealed back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. $850.00
SC1143

CSA #6 Single (margin a little tight at the top right) tied by the Bennetsville SC CDS. The date is not fully apparent but appears to be Single Use Prior to the Rate Change. Manuscript "OB" (Official Business) under the stamp indicating private use. Military Address to Captain J. E. Spears, Col C.H. Stevens Regt, Charleston SC. The unit in the address is Co B 24th SC Inf. Advertising Cover with embossed colorless advertising at the left upper corner "DUNHAM, TAFT & Co. Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in Boots & Shoes, 148 Meeting St. Charleston, S. C." This advertising is catalog listed. Left side of the cover is just slightly irregular where the cover was opened. Very clean cover.
$350.00
SC1144

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 20 JUN (1862). Addressed to Col Joseph Abney, Charleston Hotel, Charleston SC. Cover is an Overpaid Drop Letter as the postmark and the address are the same city. This is also a linen lined envelope used to send cash through the mail. The linen lining on the inside on the envelope prevented the banknotes inside the cover from being seen through the paper to reduce the chance of theft. Very Fine.

Joseph Abney (1819-1870) was the first Captain of Co A 22nd SC Inf and then Colonel of the regiment until he was dropped in May 1862. Later, he was Major of the 1st Batt SC Sharpshooters and then Major of the 27th SC Inf. He was severely wounded at Drewery's Bluff in May 1864 and died as a direct result of his wounds in 1870.
$450.00
SC1145

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 27 NOV. Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. Jno C. McClenaghan, Marion C.H., SC. Beautiful stamp and a Very Fine cover.

Capt John Charles McClenaghan was mustered into the CS Quartermaster's Department 4/13/186. He is mentioned once in the Official Records cited for bravery at First Manassas while serving as the regimental Quartermaster for the 8th SC Inf. He died of disease on Morris Island 3/15/1863. The correspondence between Capt McClenaghan and his wife is extensive.
$375.00
SC1147

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated and a very dry printing) (margin a little tight at the right) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 12 JUN 1862. Addressed to Mr. J. A. Shirer, Fort Motte (Orangeburgh County), So. Carolina. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $125.00
SC1149

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 7 SEP. Light coarse brown paper cover (very thin paper for a cover) with a Military Address to Capt Jno McCrady, Savannah, Geo. Capt John McCrady was the Chief Engineer for the State of Georgia and was the architect of Fort McAllister which was constructed 1861-1862 for the defenses of Savannah. Small part of back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $100.00
SC1150

CSA #12d Dark Blue (AD) (4-Margin with a right sheet margin) tied by the Camden SC CDS 6 AUG. Addressed to Dr. W. J. McKain, Mechanicsville, So. Ca. This is an Adversity Cover made from a lined unused ledger page which has not been opened or cut for display. There is also an inside address to Mr. Robert Shand, Columbia (SC) with no postal markings indicating a hand carried use outside the postal system. Very clean cover. $200.00
SC1151

CSA #7 Horz Pair affixed upside down (margins a bit irregular) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 3 FEB. Black bordered front and back commercially made Mourning Cover addressed to Mrs. Jospeh Allen, Box No 232, Richmond, Va. Sealed edge tear left upper corner, otherwise a very clean mourning cover. $350.00
SC1156

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS 21 Oct. Coarse paper cover addressed to Miss Louisa J. Gibbes,  Flat Rock NC. Very clean cover with a very nice pair of stamps.
$125.00
SC1158

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS (date not fully apparent). From the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to William Middleton, Summerville, So. Ca.  Adversity Cover made from an Insurance Company printed form nicely displayed flapped down from the top center. Very Fine. $350.00
SC1159

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 3 (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Georgia Wilkins, Cusseta, Ga. The stamp appears at one time to have been cut from the cover as a small piece but has since been professionally reattached to the cover. Reduced at right where opened. Edge wear at the bottom. Still a nice stamp and priced only for the stamp. Ex-Matz. $100.00
SC1160

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Pocotaglio SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Walter Blake, Shufordville, Buncom Co., No. Carolina. Adversity Cover made from a printed form from the South Carolina Insurance Company displayed with the left lower corner folded up. Unsigned notation on the back from Van Dyk MacBride. Very Fine. $350.00
SC1162

CSA #12 (AD) (margin touches on the right) on the reverse used to seal the back flap but not damaged in opening) tied by the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Rev Jas C. Furman DD, Greenville, So. Ca. Colorful Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a green and maroon stylized type of design displayed from the stamp side of the cover. Unobtrusive professionally sealed corner tear minimally apparent from the addressed side of the cover.  Ex-Kaufmann.

Rev James Clement Furman (1809-1891) was the son of Dr. Richard Furman, a founder of Furman University. Rev James Furman served for many years as President of the University. He was also involved in politics and was appointed as one of the Greenville delgates to the South Carolina Secession Convention in 1860 and was one of the signers of the Ordinance of Secession.
$650.00
SC1163

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin with the bottom stamp showing the filled-in frame at the bottom variety CC 7-R-v2) tied by a full excellent strike of the Pocotaglio SC CDS 3 AUG (1863). Addressed to Revd J. S. Murray, Anderson, So. Rev John Scott Murray (1822-1892) was the pastor of the First Baptist Church in Anderson So. Ca. Period receiving docketing at the left dates the cover to 1863 and indicates the sender was one Preston Earle. Pencil notation at the top right "Prison Letter" which appears to be period. Not sure what this refers to as there is no indication that the cover is from a prison. Perhaps the sender was in jail. No way to know. Some pencil notations on the reverse which appear to be period and referring to the contents of the original letter which is no longer with the cover. Minor light edge staining at the bottom, otherwise Very Fine.  Ex-Richard Hall. $175.00
SC1164

CSA #5 with excellent color (4-Margin but close at the top left) tied by two strikes of the Hardeeville SC CDS 3 AUG (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Capt J. C. Calhoun, Pendleton SC. Period docketing on the reverse "Camp Jackson Aug 7 1861." Very Fine.  Ex-Kohn.

The addressee, John Caldwell Calhoun II (1843-1918), was the grandson and namesake of John C. Calhoun former Vice President of the United States under Andrew Jackson and the Father of Secession. His father was A. P. Calhoun. John C. Calhoun II was a large landowner and successful businessman after the war. During the war, he served as Captain of Co C 4th SC Cavalry.
$850.00
SC1165

Stampless Soldier's Due 5 cover with the Hardeeville SC CDS and handstamp Arc DUE 5 Type C 26 MAY 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. H. H. Clarke, Ridgeway Depot, Fairfield Dist SC. Endorsed at left "J. C. C. 15 Regt SCV." Ridgeway was a station on the Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad. Top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Brian Green.

Henry Harrison Clarke (1813-1863) was a physician as well as a wealthy planter in the South Carolina Fairfield District. "JCC" in the endorsement was his son, James Caleb Clarke (1839-1862), killed at the Battle of Boonesboro, Maryland (South Mountain) 9/14/1862.
$225.00
SC1166

Stampless Due 5 cover with the "Hardeeville (SC) Jany 17 (1862) Due 5" manuscript postal markings. Early CSA Hardeeville covers are in manuscript. The Hardeeville postmark did not come into use until later in 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Daniel Crawford, Columbia, So. Ca. Endorsed at left "Dan'l Crawford QM (Quartermaster) 15th Regiment SCV." This is a heavy linen lined envelope which was used at the time for security mainly to send cash through the mail. Most likely the soldier was sending some money home to his wife. Small amount of edge staining at the top right and a little top edge wear. Very clean cover and an excellent example of a "Money Letter" envelope. $250.00
SC1167

Stampless Due 5 cover with the "Hardeeville (SC) Feb 6 (1862) Due 5" manuscript postal markings. Early CSA Hardeeville covers are in manuscript. The Hardeeville postmark did not come into use until later in 1862. Addressed to Judge Iverson L. Harris, Milledgeville, Georgia. Endorsed across the top "I. L. Harris Jr Assist Surgeon Phillips Legion." Very Fine. Notations on the back by Van Dyke MacBride. Ex-Matz and Hambrecht, Ex-Kaufmann.

Iverson Louis Harris Jr (1835-1893) was an MD graduate from the Philadelphia Medical College in 1859. He initially enlisted as a Sergt in Co A  Ga Phillips Legion Cavalry in August 1861 and was officially appointed Assistant Surgeon in the same unit in April 1862. Apparently he was aready acting as the Assistant Surgeon at the time of the cover in February 1862. He was appointed Surgeon of the 59th Ga Inf in June 1862 and served as a Surgeon throughout the war. A detailed listing of his war service accompanies the cover. After the war, he ractived medicine in Milledgeville, Georgia.

Iverson Louis Harris Sr (1805-1876) was a justice of the Georgia Superior Court (1859-1865) and a justice of the Georgia Supreme Court (1865-1876). At the time of the Civil War, Milledgeville was the capital city of Georgia.
$300.00
SC1170

Stampless Soldier's Due 10 cover with the "Green Pond SC Nov 26th 1864 due 10" manuscript postal markings at the top right. Endorsed at top left "From Wm R Palmetto Guard Art Green Pond SC." Addressed to Miss. Susan C. Reeder, Manning, So. Ca. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a blue and white stylized leaf pattern displayed with the bottom back flap folded up. William Reeder served as a private in Co A SC Manigault's Battalion Artillery also known as the 18th SC Battalion Heavy Artillery also known as the SC Siege Train Artillery commanded by Major Edward Manigault. Co A was held in reserve at this time in the Green Pond area. "Palmetto Guard Artillery" would be a local name for the unit. The addressee was Pvt Reeder's sister. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann. $600.00
SC1171

Stampless Soldier's Due 5 cover with the Grahamville SC CDS and manuscript "Due 5" 8 APR (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to M. H. Hubert, Double Wells (Warren County), Ga. Endorsed at top left "Private H. C. Hubert Co B 48 Reg Ga Vols Wm Gibson Col." Minor light foxing, otherwsie Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

Henry Clay Hubert (1842-1930) enlisted as a private in Co B 48th Ga Inf and served throughout the war. The cover is addressed to Pvt Hubert's father Matthew Henry Hubert (1814-1888) who was a fairly wealthy planter in Warren County, Georgia.

William Gibson (1822-1892), an Augusta lawyer and judge, was the Colonel of the 48th Ga Inf  3/4/1862. He is listed as wounded at Malvern Hill (Va) 7/1/1862. He was wounded a second time at Gettysburg 7/2/1863 and captured as a POW. Later exchanged in April 1864, he resigned from Confederate service in November 1864. After the war, he served in the Georgia State Senate.
$150.00
SC1172

Stampless Soldier's Due 10 with the Grahamville SC CDS with manuscript "Due 10" 10 MAR. Addressed to Mrs. Geo Allen, Diamond Hill, Abbeville Dist., So. Ca. Period writing in a different hand at the lower left "Mrs. N. Partridge" of unknown significance. Endorsed at upper left "Soldiers letter Ashley Dragoons." Ashley Dragoons refers to a company in the 2nd South Carolina  Battalion Cavalry Reserves. A little edge wear at the bottom and a small edge repair at bottom center. Still a very clean appearing cover. $125.00
SC1175

Two Stampless covers with the small single rim Williamston SC CDS with the handstamp PAID 5 Type B. Yellow paper cover dated 1 OCT (1861). Course brown paper cover dated 28 DEC (1861). Both covers have the same Military Address in slightly different forms -- Private J. B. O. Barkley, Sullivans Island, Care of Capt J. B. Moore Co L, Orr's Regiment Rifles SCV, Charleston, South Carolina. The yellow paper cover shows just a little light soiling and some corner wear at the right top and bottom. The coarse brown paper cover has a small repair to the right lower corner. Covers will only be sold as a pair.

Orr's Regiment (also known as Orr's Rifles) was the 1st SC Inf commanded by Col James L. Orr (1822-1873). The regiment was initially assigned to Sullivan's Island (Charleston Harbor) before transferring to the Army of Northern Virginia in June 1862. Company L was known as "The Calhoun Guards." Col Orr resigned in 1862 when he was elected to the Confederate Senate. After the war, he was appointed as the US Minister to Russia. He died in Russia in 1873 and was brought back for burial in Anderson County SC.

John Belton ONeal Barkley (1830-1912) enlisted as a private in Co L 1st SC Inf (Orr's Regiment) (date not known) and was later commissioned an officer. He is listed as a Captain and wounded at Second Manassas in August 1862. The Civil War Corresponence of the Barkley family of Anderson County SC is somewhat extensive. No information on Capt James B. Moore.
$400.00
Two
Covers
SC1177

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS and handstamp Due 10 Type D 15 MAR (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Mary A. Milligan, Stony Point, Alexander County NC. Endorsed at upper right "Private J. J. Duke Co C 48th NC State TS (Troops)." Very minor edge repair at top left. Very Fine Appearance.

Jacob J. Duke (1844-1864) enlisted as a private in Co C 48th NC Inf 8/1/1862. He is listed as having Died of Disease (pneumonia) 2/28/1864.
$300.00
SC1178

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS and handstamp Due 10 Type D (date not fully apparent). Usual somewhat weak strikes of the postal markings. Adverisity Cover made from a printed but unused Port of Charleston Bill of Lading form dispayed flapped up from the lower right corner. Addressed to Miss Mary L. C. Cumming, Warthens Store, Washington Co., Georgia. Endorsed at left "D. R. Cumming Hospt Steward 12th Batt Ga Vols." Very clean cover. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Kaufmann.

David R. Cumming (1831-1904) enlisted as a Hospital Steward (date not given) and had service in the "12th GA Batt Light Artillery" which was assigned to the Department of South Carolina and Florida. His tombstone in Warthen, Washington County, Georgia, says "MD."  He graduated from the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta in 1859 but did not serve as a doctor or a surgeon. He apparently never married and has no sisters listed, so the addressee was most likely a cousin. After the war, he farmed and practiced medicine in Washington County, Georgia. See FL228 for another cover in the same correspondence. 
$400.00
SC1179

Turned Cover -- First Use (inside): CSA #11a Milky Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the small double circle Camden SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Revd Stephen Elliott, Pocotaligo SC. Second Use (outside): stampless with the small double circle Camden SC CDS with a JUL date. Addressed locally to Mrs. S. G. Elliott, Camden SC (Drop Letter). No "PAID" notation but there is a manuscript "Chg Bk of C" (Charge Bank of Camden) indicating that the drop letter postage was paid. Unusual not to have an actual "PAID" notation on the cover but did occasionally occur on local drop letters as drop letters did not travel to another post office. Inside stamp displayed by flapping down the upper left corner. Molesworth note on the back. Very clean cover.

Revd Stephen Elliott (1804-1866) was a South Carolina Episcopal priest and rector of the large South Carolina St Bartholomew's Parish among others. Sarah Gibbs Elliott (1811-1891) of the prominent Charleston DeSaussure family was Revd Elliott's second wife. Revd Elliott was the father of CSA Brigadier General Stephen Elliott Jr (1830-1866). General Elliott served throughout the war and was promoted Brigadier General in 1864. He was wounded twice (Battle of the Crater at the Siege of Petersburg and the Battle of Bentonville). He died as a direct result of his wounds in 1866. The handwriting on the cover is not that of General Elliott.
$400.00
SC1180

Two covers with letters (transcriptions included) from the Col Weir Boyd Correspondence.

CSA #1 somewhat dry printing (not plated) (margin just in at the bottom) tied by the Hardeeville SC CDS 18 APR 1862. Military Address to Col Weir Boyd Commanding the 52nd Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Big Shanty, Cobb County, Georgia. There are two letters with this cover. One letter is datelined "Camp Pritchard near Hardeeville April 17th 1862" is from William H. McAfee and addresses the Colonel as "Brother." Content concerns camp news and unit news and that he is trying to be transferred. A second letter is from the Colonel's daughter Fannie and is datelined "Dahlonega, Ga Apr 19th 1862" and contains family news. This second letter does not go with this cover as it is dated shortly after the cover was posted. The address is a little faint but legible. The cover is very clean.

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 49 (4-Margin) tied by the Hardeeville SC CDS 28 APR 1862. Military Address to Col Weir Boyd, 52nd Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Knoxville, Tenn. The original letter is from William H. McAfee (same as the first cover) who again addressed the Colonel as "Brother" and wants to be transferred to the Colonel's regiment. The letter is datelined "Camp Pritchard, Hardeeville SC April 28th 1862." The letter also states "...We have just learned that the Yankees have taken New Orleans..." The news of the impending fall of New Orleans apprently reached South Carolina very quickly as the Union did not officially occupy the city until the date of this letter 4/28/1862. Very clean cover. Ex-Shenfield, Ex-Kohn.

Weir Boyd (1820-1893) a prominent pre-war lawyer and a Methodist preacher served in the Florida Indian Wars and was elected Colonel of the 52nd Ga Inf 3/16/1862. The regiment was surrendered at Vicksburg and paroled a month later. Col Boyd remained active in Georgia politics after the war.

William H. McAfee (1833-1915) was a private in Co E Ga Phillipis Legion. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut and promoted Captain and had subsequent service in the 22nd Ga Inf and the 38th Ga Inf. He was a Methodist preacher and active in politics after the war. No record of his ever being transferrred to Col Boyd's regiment.

Col Weir and Capt McAfee knew each other as "brothers" as both were from Dahlonega, Georgia, both were Masons, and both were prominent in the Methodist church.

The two covers will only be sold as a pair.
$550.00
Two
Covers
SC1181

CSA #1b Stone 1 Position 6 Dark Green (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 1 MAR (1862). Addressed to Mr. William J. Ball, Limerick, St John's Berkley. Local routing instruction at the lower left "Strawberry via Monks Corner." Limerick was the name of the Ball family plantation. St Johns Berkley refers to a large Anglican parish in the Charleston area. Berkley County SC was not organized until after the Civil War with Monks Corner as the county seat. Scarce Confederate use of a Local Post. The Ball family papers are archived at the South Carolina Historical Society. Commercial Lady's type cover with embossed flowers on the back flap. Very Fine. Ex-Karrer.

From the Karrer Collection -- "After 1801, a private local post was run by Upper Cooper River plantation owners in St. Johns Parish (Anglican Parish), from Strawberry Ferry to Charleston. Charleston postmaster Huger was a member. In the 1850's when the Northeastern Railroad arrived, mail was left at Strawberry Station, across the river from a Church of England 18th Century Chapel of Ease, although it had no post office. Several Ball family members belonged, and their mail is the chief source of today's covers. There are various routings recorded, but Confederate period letters usually include St. John's Berkley and Strawberry in the address."
$500.00
Sale
Pending
SC1182

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin and looks to be on London Paper) tied by the Georgetown SC CDS with a NOV 1862 date and addressed to Mr. Pringle Smith, Columbia SC. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 10 DEC (1862) and addressed to Mr. William Dehon, Charleston, So. Ca. Both uses are well displayed with the cover flapped down from the left upper corner. Absolutely beautiful Stone Y stamp and very rarely seen on a turned cover. Very Fine  Ex-Cantey Collection and Ex-Monroe Collection.

John Julius Pringle Smith (1816-1894), a lawyer and a very successful planter, was a signer of the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession 12/20/1860. William Dehon (1817-1862) was a Protestant Episcopal Clergyman and rector of St Phillip's Episcopal Church in Charleston. Rev Dehon died 12/5/1862. So the second use of this cover was posted to him 5 days after he died. Pringle Smith and William Dehon were related by marriage as their wives were both from the well-known Middleton family of Charleston, and both are buried in St Phillip's Churchyard in Charleston.
$850.00
SC1183

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y Greenish Blue (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 15 NOV (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Wm H. Gist, Unionville SC. Minor back flap opening tear. Very Fine. Ex-Judd.

William Henry Gist (1807-1874) was the pre-war governor of South Carolina 1858-1860 and a leader of the secessionist movement. He was a signer of the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession on 12/20/1860. The address is in the hand of the former governor to his wife and therefore contains his indirect signature. William Henry Gist was a cousin of States Rights Gist, a Confederate General killed while leading a charge at the Battle of Franklin (Tennessee) 11/30/1864, the last major battle fought in the Western Theater.
$400.00
SC1184

CSA #12d (AD) Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Anderson C. H. SC CDS 6 JUL. Addressed to Mrs. M. C. Lindsey, Jackson County, Jefferson C. H., Geo. Adversity Cover made from a printed South Carolina Legal Document cut well for a very nice exhibit display. Minor central vertical file fold, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann, Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.  $400.00
SC1186

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (displayed): CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with edge toning at right and a preaffixing right upper corner tear) tied by a bold strike of the Branchville SC balloon CDS 8 OCT (1863) with Military Address to Lt Col William Stokes, Green Pond SC. 2nd Use (refolded inside): CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin and affixed sideways) pen-canceled and manuscript “Green Pond SC 16 NOV 1863” to the left addressed to Mrs. Eliza J. Stokes, Branchville SC.  Very clean cover. The cover has not been cut for display. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.

William Stokes (1837-1916), a South Carolina planter and lumberman, was the Lieut Col of the 4th SC Cav at the regiment's organization 12/16/1862. He was assigned the command at Green Pond 6/15/1863. The two postal uses of this turned cover are between Col Stokes and his wife. The use from Green Pond would be in the Colonel's own hand. After the war, he was appointed a Brig-Gen of the South Carolina State Militia.
$350.00
SC1187

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (margin touches on three sides) with a partial strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Full Military Address to Lieut William H. Coit, Gardens Battery, Hoods Division, Longstreets Corps, Richmond, Va. The unit in the address was the SC Palmetto Light Artillery Battery commanded by Capt Hugh R. Garden. When the cover reached Richmond, it was apparently noted by a postal clerk that the stamp was inadequately canceled by the partial Columbia SC postmark. The stamp was therefore obliterated by the Richmond, Va Large Grid which ties the stamp and prevents the stamp from being reused. The Richmond large grid was a prewar mark that was used only very infrequently as an obliterator during the Confederate period. Peter Powell in his 1987 book on CSA Richmond postmarks noted that there are only a very few covers (he recorded only two but that number is somewhere around six or seven now) where this grid appears canceling a CSA general issue stamp. There are also a few other covers where the grid was used to obliterate an incorrectly struck rate mark. The cover has a small reduction at the left where opened just into a small part of the address, and part of a back side flap is missing. The cover has an otherwise Very Fine appearance and is one of the very few covers known with the Richmond, Va large grid canceling a CSA general issue stamp. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit. $900.00

Three Covers from the Lieut Isaac Donnam Witherspoon Correspondence addressed to Lieut Witherspoon from either his wife or perhaps other family members.

Lieut Isaac Donnom Witherspoon (1833-1901) entered service 9/1/1861 as the 2nd Lieut of Co A 12th SC Inf. The regiment joined the ANV in May 1862 as part of Gregg's Brigade, A.P. Hill's Division. Prior to that, the regiment was assigned to the Department of South Carolina. From May 1862 on, the 12th SC Inf took part in all the major actions of the ANV. However, records of SC soldiers are notoriously sketchy. So there is no detailed record of Lieut Witherspoon's activities, but he did survive the war. The 1860 census shows I. D. Witherspoon as a lawyer in York SC.
SC1189

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 28 (4-Margin but a little close on the right) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 9 JAN (1862). Commericially made orange paper cover with embossing on the back flap.  Military Address to Lieut I. D. Witherspoon, Company A, 12th Regiment (South Carolina Volunteers), Camp Pemberton near Pocotaligo SC. Minor reduction on the right where opened not affecting anything. Very Fine. $300.00
SC1190

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 40 (4-Margin but close top and bottom) barely tied by a grid cancel with a full strike of the Yorkville SC CDS 27 FEB (1862). Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Lieut I. D. Witherspoon, Co A, 12th Regmt SCV (South Carolina Volunteers), Green Pond, Colleton Dist (SC). Part of side back flap missing on the right where opened. Very clean appearing cover. $200.00
SC1191

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 15 (4-Margin but close at the bottom) tied by the Yorkville SC CDS 15 APR (1862). Military Address to Lieut I. D. Witherspoon, Co A, 12th Regmt SCV (South Carolina Volunteers), Pocotaligo SC. Very Fine. $300.00

SC1192

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Grahamville SC CDS 9 MAR 1864. Addressed to Mrs. Mary Cumming, Warthen's Store, Washington Co., Georgia. Sent by Dr. David R. Cumming of the 12th Ga Battalion Georgia Light Artillery home to his mother. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin close at the top) tied by an unidentified CDS dated 21 APR (1864) and affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap. Sent by Mrs. Cumming back to her son with Military Address to Dr. D. R. Cumming 12th Ga Batt (Lt Art) Maj Honoy (Hanvey) Comg (commanding), Pocotaligo So C R R (South Carolina Railroad), South Car. The railroad routing appears to be incorrect as Pocotaligo was on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Light water staining.

David R. Cumming (1831-1904) enlisted as a Hospital Steward (date not given) and had service in the 12th Ga Batt Light Artillery which was assigned to the Department of South Carolina and Florida. His tombstone in Warthen, Washington County, Georgia, says "MD." He graduated from the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta in 1859 but did not serve in the war as a doctor or a surgeon. He apparently never married. After the war, he farmed and practiced medicine in Washington County, Georgia. See FL228 and SC1178 for other covers in the same correspondence.

George McDuffee Hanvey (1824-1900), a Mexican War veteran, entered service as Captain of Co A, 1st Ga Inf  3/18/1861. On  5/1/1862 he transferred into the newly formed 12th Ga Battalion Light Artilley as Captain of Co A and was promoted Major 11/6/1862. Maj Hanvey was severely wounded and captured as a POW at the Battle on Monocacy (Md) 7/9/1864 and confined at Johnson's Island until released in July 1865. After the war, he lived in Coweta County, Georgia. Major Hanvey's wartime letters and papers are archived at the University of Georgia.
$300.00
SC1193

Two Covers from the Corpl E. Dubose of the Rutledge Mounted Rifles Correspondence to his wife. See SC1227 for another cover in this correspondence.

1st Cover - Stampless Soldiers Due cover with manuscript "Coosawatchie (SC) Nov 8 (1861)" postal marking and matching "due 5" manuscript. Blue lined commercially made cover addressed to Mrs. Edwin Dubose, Black Oak, So. Ca. Endorsed across the top "Corpl E. Dubose Rutledge Mounted Rifles Gen Gonzales Command." Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.

2nd Cover - Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 29 NOV 1861 and handstamp (Due) 5 Type I. Blue lined commercially made cover addressed to Mrs. Edwin Dubose, Black Oak, So. Ca. Endorsed across the top "Corpl E. Dubose Rutledge Mounted Rifles Gonzales Command." Small part of top back flap missing in opening, Otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Calhoun.

The Rutledge Mounted Rifles (Rutledge Mounted Riflemen and Horse Artillery) was an obscure South Carolina Militia unit with no unit history available except for a roster. Edwin DuBose is listed as a corporal in the unit but no other specific information on Corporal DuBose could be found. General Ambrosio Jose' Gonzales (1818-1893) referenced in the endorsement was a Cuban Revolutionary General before the war and served the CSA as a Colonel and the Chief of Artillery for the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
$400.00
Two Covers
SC1194

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin just in at the top) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 30 NOV 1861. Military Address to Dr. R. Y. Dwight, Palmetto Gds, Gen Gonzales Siege Strain, Pocotaligo SC. Receiving docketing at upper left. One side flap missing, otherwise a very clean appearing cover. Ex-Calhoun.

This cover was the subject of a Confederate Philatelist article in the Sep-Oct 1982 issue "An Unusual Charleston Cover" by Richard Calhoun dealing with the arrival of the first CSA General Issue stamps at the Charleston post office. This cover at the time was believed to be the earliest known use of the CSA #1 stamp from Charleston. That may or may not still be the case. I cannot confirm if that statement is still true 40 years later. A copy of the original article is included with the cover.

Richard Yeadon Dwight (1837-1919) initially served in the ranks as a private and then a lieutenant in Holcombe's Legion and the 1st SC Inf before being appointed Assistant Surgeon in Confederate Service in 1862. Dr. Dwight was an 1856 graduate of the South Carolina Military Academy (The Citadel) in Charleston and saw extensive service throughout the war in various positions including medical and as a line officer. This cover is dated only about a week after Dr. Dwight first entered service as a private.

General Ambrosio Jose' Gonzales (1818-1893) referenced in the address was a Cuban Revolutionary General before the war and served the CSA as a Colonel and the Chief of Artillery for the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. "Siege Train" refers to the artillery defenses of Charleston Harbor.
$300.00 
SC1195

Stampless Soldiers Due with the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS 28 JAN (1864) with handstamp DUE 10 Type D. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. I.  J. Heath, Girard PO, Burke County, Ga. Endorsed at upper left “Pri J. V. Heath Co C 32 Ga Regt.” The original letter written on lined notebook paper from a soldier son to his father remains with the cover. The letter is short and just informs his father that he has arrived and is well. The letter mentions Capt Phillips and Col Harrison (regimental commander) and closes with “...send me some stamps by the first letter you must not forget it I cant get any here.” Cover with minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.

The cover has an inside turned use with no postal markings and is undated but addressed to O. H. Southworth, County Line, Niagara C(ounty) NY. Not sure how a CSA private would obtain such a cover to use while with his unit in early 1864 in South Carolina. There are 40 soldiers named "Southworth" listed in various units of the Union Army from New York. Perhaps this cover was liberated from one of them before it could be posted and then refolded and used by Private Heath. That is only speculation, but no other explanantion for this inside address is apparent. Cover with minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.

Julius Virgil Heath (1844-1904) enlisted 5/12/1862. He is listed as wounded at Ocean Pond, Fla (Olustee) 2/20/1864 (about one month after writing this letter) but rejoined his regiment and surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865.
$250.00 
SC1196

Stampless cover with the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 9 DEC 1861 with handstamp PAID 5 Type E. Military Address to William Birnie Jr, Palmetto Guard, Genl Gonzales Command, Coosahatchie SC. Ex-Calhoun. Very Fine.

The Palmetto Guard was a company in the SC Marion Light Artillery unit. Several different South Carolina units used the nickname "Palmetto Guard." William Birnie enlisted as a private 3/11/1861. No further information. William Birnie Sr (1782-1865) was a prominent Charleston merchant. 

General Ambrosio Jose' Gonzales (1818-1893) referenced in the address was a Cuban Revolutionary General before the war and served the CSA as a Colonel and the Chief of Artillery for the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
$150.00
SC1197

CSA #16x1 5c Blue Charleston Provisional (4-Margin with complete outer frame at top and bottom) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 28 NOV (1861). Military Address to Private W. Birnie Jr, Palmetto Guard, Gonzales Mattalion, Coosahatchie (SC). Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Calhoun.

The Palmetto Guard was a company in the SC Marion Light Artillery unit. Several different South Carolina units used the nickname "Palmetto Guard." William Birnie enlisted as a private 3/11/1861. No further information. William Birnie Sr (1782-1865) was a prominent Charleston merchant. 

General Ambrosio Jose' Gonzales (1818-1893) referenced in the address was a Cuban Revolutionary General before the war and served the CSA as a Colonel and the Chief of Artillery for the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
$1,000.00
SC1198



Two Covers from the well-known Middleton Correspondence --

1st Cover (Blue Paper) - CSA #11a Milky Blue (AD) (margin tight at the right) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 12 JUN (1863).
2nd Cover (Light Coarse Brown paper) - CSA #12a Milky Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 18 JUN (1863).

Both covers addressed in the same hand to Mr. O. H. Middleton Junr, with either Care of Col Rutledge or Col Rutledge's Regiment, Pocotaligo, So. Ca. Both covers are Very Fine. The blue paper cover is Ex-Wiseman, Ex-Kohn, Ex-Powell.

The unit in the address was the 4th SC Cavalry commanded by Col Benjamin Huger Rutledge (1829-1893), a Charleston lawyer who served after the war in the South Carolina legislature. Col Rutledge was the brother-in-law of Oliver Hering Middleton Jr (1845-1864), the son of a wealthy South Carolina planter who beginning in early 1863 was the Colonel's private secretary and assigned to Company K (Charleston Light Dragoons which functioned mostly as an independent company) at age 17 on 1/4/1863. That would date these covers to June 1863 when the regiment was in Pocotaligo. In early 1864, Middleton gave up his position as the Colonel's private secretary and served as a private in Co K. The unit was transferred to the Army of Northern Virginia in the early Spring of 1864. Pvt Oliver H. Middleton Jr was killed in action at Cold Harbor (Va) 5/31/1864. His name is on the Charleston Light Dragoons historical monument along with the other honored dead of the unit. The monument is located in North Charleston SC.  
$300.00
Two
Covers
SC1199

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 23 (date not fully apparent). Period manuscript "Due 10" presumably because the cover was overweight. From the well-known Middleton Correspondence with Military Address to Mr. O. H. Middleton Jr, Charleston L(ight) Dragoons, Pocotaligo, So. Ca. Minor reduction at the top where opened, and a sealed edge tear at top center. Very clean appearing cover.

The unit in the address was Company K 4th SC Cavalry known as the Charleston Light Dragoons which functioned mostly as an independent company. Oliver Hering Middleton Jr (1845-1864), the son of a wealthy South Carolina planter, joined the Charleston Light Dragoons 1/4/1863. His brother-in-law, Col Benjamin Huger Rutledge, was the regimental commander. Middleton served as the Colonel's private secretary through 1863. This would date the cover to the Spring or early Summer of 1863 when the unit was in Pocotaligo. In early 1864, Middleton gave up his position as the Colonel's private secretary and served as a private in Company K. The unit was transferred to the Army of Northern Virginia in the early Spring of 1864. Pvt Oliver H. Middleton Jr was killed in action at Cold Harbor (Va) 5/31/1864. His name is on the Charleston Light Dragoons historical monument along with the other honored dead of the unit. The monument is located in North Charleston SC.  
$150.00
SC1200

Turned Cover -- First Use: Stampless CSA #123xu1 Barnwell CH (Court House) SC PAID 5 Provisional (not dated) to D. W. Holsenbeck Esq, Hillsboro, Georgia. Second Use: Stampless “Hillsboro, Ga Paid 10 Dec 23rd (1862)” all in manuscript addressed to W. J. Brookes, Esq, Barnwell CH SC. The cover has been refolded and resealed so that the first use, which is a very scarce provisional, is the use that is displayed. According to a note on the back by Molesworth, this is one of only three known covers bearing the Barnwell CH SC provisional markings, but that cannot be currently correct. There are most likely a few more than that. See SC995 and NE1 for two additional examples of the Barnwell CH SC Provisional on this website. All the known Barnwell Court House provisional covers are addressed and have only the provisional marks and no postmark. With this cover is the original letter from the second use datelined "Jasper County Ga December 22nd 1862." The letter concerns shoes for Negro slaves and some other matters. Cover shows just a little light wear and some foxing but still retains a Very Fine appearance. CSA Certificate 2002. $2,000.00
SC1201

Stampless cover with the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 24 NOV and matching BLUE handstamp "10" Type P. Normally this "10" was used as a "due" mark, but the cover was presumably sent as a PAID as there is a Charge Box notation at the lower left. Addressed to Miss R. M. Brice, Younguesville, Fairfield (District), So. Ca. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a colorful red, green, and gold floral and leaf pattern. One back flap missing. Cover folded out for display. $1,000.00
SC1202

CSA #11 (AD) (margin touches at the left and affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap) tied by two partial strikes of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not apparent). On the face of the cover is a manuscript “Due 10.” Addressed to Mrs. Edmund Ravenel Care of Ravenel & Co, Charleston SC. There is really no reason for the “Due 10” unless the cover was overweight. More likely the postal clerk at the destination post office in Charleston did not notice that the stamp was on the back and therefore marked the cover as unpaid postage due. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a white, cream, and burgundy stylized floral design displayed flapped up from the lower left corner. Cover shows a little edge foxing and aging at the right, some edge wear, and a small part of the back flap is missing. But the cover is still a highly attractive wallpaper cover.

The Ravenel family was very prominent in Charleston and operated a shipping business. This cover is most likely from Dr. Edmund Ravenel (1797-1871) of the Charleston Ravenel family who was a surgeon on the CS Medical Staff to his wife. 
$950.00
SC1203

CSA #11c (AD) ( Greenish-Blue) (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Rock Hill SC CDS 6 MAY. Addressed to Mr. V. Atkinson Sr, Lowriesville, Chester Dist SC. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a brown and white stylized pattern. Displayed flapped up from the bottom and flapped down from the top. Very Fine. Ex-Kohn. $900.00
SC1206

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Charleston SC CDS 20 OCT 186-. From the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Williams Middleton Care of Mrs. Robert Smith, Columbia, So. Ca. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Legal Form displayed flapped up from the lower right corner. Very Fine. $300.00
SC1207

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Charleston SC CDS 27 AUG 186-. From the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Williams Middleton Care of Mrs. Robert Smith, Columbia, So. Ca. High quality commercially made blue paper stationery. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1208

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 4 OCT. From the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Williams Middleton Care of Mrs. Robert Smith, Columbia, So. Ca. Very Fine. $125.00
SC1210

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Commercially made blue paper cover addressed to Major Hutson Lee, Charleston, So. Ca. Major Hutson Lee (1834-1898) was a staff officer serving as the Chief Quartermaster on the staff of Gen P. G. T. Beuregard. Small part of top back flap missing. Very clean cover and a beautiful stamp. $150.00
SC1211

CSA #11a Milky Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Newberry CH SC CDS 6 JUN 1863. Light green paper cover addressed to Mr. G. M. Dudley, Americus, Ga. Very Fine. $150.00
SC1212

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin but a little edge gum toning and affixed upside down in the lower left corner) tied byt the Branchville SC Balloon CDS 26 MAR (1864). Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Miss Candace Maudlin, Brushy Creek PO, Anderson Dist SC. A little light foxing but still an attractive cover with a nice balloon postmark. $125.00
SC1213

CSA #12d (AD) Dark Blue (margin a little tight on the right) tied by the Adams Run SC CDS 29 OCT. Addressed to J. S. Johnston Esqr, Fayette, Jeff Co., Miss. Routing instruction at the top "P. M. at F. please forward by first opportunity to Church Hill." Back flap opening tear but still a very clean cover. $125.00
SC1215

CSA #11 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville SC CDS 28 NOV (1864). Wallpaper Cover with a light blue and gray leaf pattern folded out for display. Addressed to Rev A. J. Leavenworth, Petersburg, Va. Receiving docketing at the left "Dec 5/64." Rev. Abner Johnson Leavenworth (1803-1869) was a Presbyterian minister and President of Leavenworth Female College in Petersburg, Va. Cover with large tears sealed with archival tape. Still quite a presentable clean appearing representative wallpaper cover. $450.00
SC1216

CSA #4 (two singles) Stone 2. The right stamp is Position 33. The left stamp is not plated but obviously both stamps come from the same sheet with an extremely dry printing (4-Margin but the right stamp is close at the top center) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 13 AUG (1862). Addressed to Miss Cecile J. Bee Care Mr. J. M. Bee, State Bank, Camden SC. Clean cover reduced at the left. $175.00
SC1217

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 31 AUG 186-. Blue paper cover from the well-known and well-documented Middleton Correspondence addressed to Mrs. William Middleton Care of Mrs. Robert Smith, Columbia So. Ca. Very Fine. $100.00
SC1218

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 17 OCT. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Col D. W. Jordan, Laural Hill via Georgetown SC. Period docketing at the left "J P Southern Nails and Rice" most likely refers to the sender and the contents which are no longer with the cover. Very Fine.

Daniel W. Jordan (1810-1883) was the owner of the Laurel Hill rice plantation in the Georgetown District and a prominent South Carolina landowner and businessman. The title of "Col" was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. A more detailed biography of Col Jordan is included with the cover.
$150.00
SC1219

CSA #7 Horz Pair affixed upside down (margins just a bit irregular but with a large left sheet margin) tied by the large singke rim Charleston SC CDS 5 DEC. Addressed locally to Judge Edward Frost, Charleston So. Ca. Significantly Overpaid Drop Letter. Also a blue paper Adversity Cover made from an unused bank check displayed flapped over from the left. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

Edward Frost (1801-1868) was a well known Charleston attorney and judge who was also a railroad investor and President of the Blue Ridge Railroad. Judge Frost was involved in politics both during and after the war.
$400.00
SC1220

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 23 OCT 1863. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Emeline West, Lumbarton NC. Very Fine. Ex-Bogg. $125.00
SC1221

CSA #3 (margin a little tight at the lower left) tied by a full strike of the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 25 FEB 186-. Legal sized cover addressed locally as an "Official Business" Drop Letter to James Tupper Esqr, Auditor of State, 10 Broad St, Charleston S. Ca. Minor unobtrusive edge repair at the top which is barely noticeable and affecting nothing, minor reduction at the top, and a minor reduction at the right. Very clean and attractive cover. Long Pedigree Ex-Finney, Ex-Molesworth, Ex-Kaufmann, Ex-Karrer Charleston Collection. $1,500.00
SC1222

CSA #12b (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Greenville SC CDS 27 JUL. Addressed to J. P. Reed Esqr, Anderson CH SC. Wallpaper Cover with a Gray, White, and Blue Leaf Pattern which has been completely folded out for display. Very Fine. $1,500.00
SC1225

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS with a MAY date. Blue paper commercial envelope with Semi-Official Imprint "Confederate States. Head Quarters, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Official Business" (CC WD-ZA-23). Military Address from the well-known Rives Correspondence to Lieut Col A. L. Rives, Acting Chf Engineer Bureau, Richmond, Va. Very Fine. Ex-Myerson. PF Certificate 2021.

Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903) was promoted Lt Col May 1863 and Col March 1864. He served in Richmond for the duration of the war mainly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau.
$550.00
Sale
Pending
SC1226

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 13 (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 21 DEC 1861. From the well-known and well-documented Grimball Correspondence addressed to J. Berkley Grimball Esqr, Adams Run Post Office, So. Ca. One page folded business letter datelined "Charleston Decer 20, 1861." Interesting short letter about shipping goods -- "The fleet at No(rth) Edisto (River) has blocked the inland navigation South for the present but we hope the Coaster will be able to get home by Xmas tho there is no telling." This sentence in the letter would be a reference to the Union blockade fleet disrupting South Carolina coastal navigation. At the top of the letter is the notation "pr Minie" of unknown significance but may refer to the Coaster (blockade runner) mentioned in the letter. Very Fine. $300.00
SC1227

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the small single rim Pocotaligo SC CDS 17 NOV (1861) and manuscript "due 5cts."  Folded blue lined notebook paper with the page containing the letter removed. Endorsed acrossed the top "Corpl E. Dubose Rutledge Mounted Riflemen, Port Royal Ferry." Addressed to Mrs. Edwin Dubose, Black Oak So. Ca. Very Fine.

The Rutledge Mounted Rifles (Rutledge Mounted Riflemen and Horse Artillery) was an obscure South Carolina Militia unit with no unit history available except for a roster. Edwin DuBose is listed as a corporal in the unit but no other specific information on Corporal DuBose could be found. Port Royal Ferry is a location near Port Royal where the unit was camped, and the cover is from around the time of the Battle of Port Royal which was captured by the Union 11/7/1861 (10 days prior to this cover). Port Royal Ferry is about 25 Miles from Pocotaligo, so the cover was most likely carried by a unit mail courier with other letters from the unit for placement into the CSA mails in Pocotaligo. See SC1193 for two additional covers from the same correspondence.
$250.00
SC1230

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not apparent). Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Charleston SC bank check displayed flapped down from the top. Cover from the Witherspoon Correspondence  addressed to Mrs. I. D. Witherspoon, Yorkville, So. Ca. Very clean cover. Ex-Harvey Teal.

The addressee was the wife of Lieut Isaac Donnom Witherspoon (1833-1901) of Co A 12th SC Inf. The 12th SC Inf was an ANV unit and in Virginia, so the cover is most likely not from her husband but perhaps from another relative.
$350.00
SC1232

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just in at the botom) tkied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 24 SEP 1863. Addressed to Mrs. Chas H. Olmstead Care Miss Jones & May, Savannah, Georgia. Receiving docketing at the top left "Sept 23 1863" refers to the date of the original letter which is no longer with the cover. Commercially made cover with a minor back flap opening tear but very clean. Ex-Bogg.
 
The addressee was the wife of Charles Hart Olmstead (1837-1926), a native of Savannah, who was the Major (later Colonel) of the 1st Ga Inf and in command at Fort Pulaski near Savannah when the fort was surrendered in April 1862. He was held for a few months as a POW before being exchanged in November 1862. At the time of this cover, he was the Colonel of the 1st Ga Inf and his unit was operating on the Georgia and South Carolina coast before joining the Army of Tennessee. The cover is from Colonel Olmstead to his wife and addressed in the Colonel's hand. There are other covers in the same correspondence.
$100.00
SC1233

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin but a little close at the left) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 24 JUN 1863. Addressed to Miss Nellie Wise, Churchville, Va , Care Mr A. D. Trotter, Staunton, Va. "Important" at top left. "Lochwillow" at bottom left. Not sure what "Lochwillow" refers to but there is a Presbyterian Church in Churchville named "Loch Willow," and there was a school at the time in Churchville called the "Loch Willow Academy." Churchville and Staunton are quite close together in Augusta County. Very clean cover. Ex-Brian Green. $75.00
SC1234

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y Light Milky Blue (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 18 NOV (1862). Blue paper folded letter addressed to Bank of Newberry, Newberry SC. Short one page letter apparently dealing with a stock purchase. Very Fine with an exceptionally nice Stone Y stamp. PF Certificate 2006. $400.00
SC1235

CSA 18xu1 stampless Columbia SC PAID 5 Provisional all in BLUE 23 OCT (1861). Somewhat weak strike of the Columbia SC CDS. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. R. C. Carlisle, Richmond, Va. Part of top back flap missing. Minor left lower corner repair. Very clean cover. $550.00

SC1236
4/13/2024


Turned Cover -- Very clean cover slit on three sides to show the inside slave carried use. Minor reduction at the left where opened. PSE Certificate 2023 "Genuine" (second use) but fails to mention the inside slave carried first use as it was overlooked.

First Use -- Inside undated use handcarried outside the postal system to Mrs M. P. McDowell, Manning (SC). At lower left "by Dave & Nancy."  The use of first names only for the carrier indicates that this was slave carried privately to the addressee. Unusual to name two slaves as the carrier. The McDowell family was a prominent plantation owning family in that area.

Second Use -- Outside CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 2 Position 11 (4-Margin) tied by a Grid cancel with the matching small single rim Manning SC CDS 17 JUN (1862) at the left. Addressed to Mrs. C. D. McDowell, Sumter SC.
$500.00

SC1237
4/21/2024
Stampless cover "Level Land SC Aug 22 (1861) Paid 5" all in manuscript. Addressed to Mr J. Andrew Robinson, Williamston SC. Obscure Use from the Abbeville District. Very Fine. $200.00

SC1238
6/16/2024
Turned Cover --

First Use (outside) -- Stampless cover with the Columbia SC CDS 23 and handstamp PAID 10 Type M all in BLUE 23 JUL. "Headquarters, Conscript Department, Columbia, S. C. Official Business" Semi-Official imprint (CC WD-CN-11). Military Address to Capt A. J. Broyles, Enrolling Officer, Greenville S.C. Edge fault with a small edge piece missing at the top right but not involving the imprint. Still a very clean appearing cover and quite presentable.

Second Use (inside) --
Handcarried outside the postal system to Mrs. S. A. Broyles, Anderson CH SC "Politeness of  Mr. McKinney." Period pencil docketing dates this use to the end of the war in early April 1865.

Augustus Taliaferro Broyles (1824-1902), from a prominent South Carolina family, was commissioned Captain of Co C 4th SC Inf. At the time of this cover, which was later in the war, he was detailed as an Enrolling Officer. As a graduate of the South Carolina College, he was a lawyer of distinction and served several terms in the South Carolina legislature. He never married. The address of the second handcarried use was Capt Broyles mother, Sarah Ann (Taliaferro) Broyles (1803-1888).
$250.00

SC1239
6/16/2024
CSA #11a Milky Blue (4-Margin Beautiful Stamp) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 21 MAY 186-. Yellow paper Advertising Cover with large oval corner card in black "Force & Mitchell, Wholesale Dealers in Boot and Shoes 21 Hayne Street, Charleston, S.C." Advertising listed in the CSA Catalog. Addressed to Messers J H & S P Gaul, Cleveland, Tennessee. Very minor back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine.$500.00

SC1240
6/16/2024
CSA #4 Stone 3 Position 46 (96) (margin irregular at the left into the design but with a lower sheet margin) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS with a MAY 1862 date. Advertising Cover with a small black printed oval for the "Bank of Chester S. C." Addressed to Chesley Crosby Esq, Crosbyville., So. Ca. Upper and lower corners on the right slightly rounded but still a very clean appearing cover. $350.00

SC1241
6/16/2024
Stampless PAID cover with a partial strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type K 27 JUN (1863). State of South Carolina. Adjutant and Inspector General' Office, Official Business" Semi-Official Imprint (CC S-SC-11). Military Address to Lt G. A. Follin, A A" Genl (Assistant Adjutant General), Sumter SC. Original short official letter included requesting Lt Follin return to the office on Monday and signed A. C. Gallington A & Insp Genl SC. The two identified officers would have been in South Carolina state service. Military records from South Carolina are notoriously sketchy. Top back flap missing, otherwise a very fine cover and letter.$350.00

SC1242
6/18/2024
CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike or the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 10 FEB 186(4). Adverisity Cover made from unused bank checks printed in blue from the People's Bank of Charleston. Addressed to Miss Naomi L. Cox, Clayton's Mills, Pickens Dist., So. Ca. Edge faults but still a very clean cover. $225.00

SC1243
6/18/2024
CSA #13 (margin touches at left but wth a right sheet margin and a smal pre-printing paper fold in the margin at upper right) tied by a Grid cancel and the matching Winnsborough SC CDS at the left 2 JUN. Blue paper legal size cover addressed to Montgomery Moses Esqr, Sumterville, So. Ca. Montgomery Moses (1808-1886) was a lawyer and judge in Sumter SC. Period ink stain at lower right, minor reduction at the right where opened, minor light vertical file folds. Very clean appearing cover.$500.00 

SC1244
6/18/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the Adams Run SC CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 5 JUL. Also manuscript “paid" and initialed which may be a notation by the Adams Run postmaster. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a colorful blue, gray, and white geometric pattern displayed with the lower right corner flapped over. Addressed to Miss Carrie Johnson Care Mr. Hollis D. Johnson, Charleston SC. Small sealed edge tear at top center otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Oswald. $500.00 

SC1246
6/18/2024
USA Star Die with a Grid cancel and the Georgetown SC CDS 4 MAR (1861) USA Used in CSA South Carolina. From the well-known and well-documented Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Alice Middleton Care of Middleton and Co., Charleston, So. Carolina. Very Fine.$250.00  

SC1247
6/18/2024
USA Star Die with patent lines and the Charleston SC Paid CDS (partial strike) 31 MAY 1861. USA Used in the CSA and the Last Day of the USA Postal Service operating within the CSA. The Charleston Paid postmark was a pre-war device used only very rarely in the early Confederate period and occasionally in 1863. Addressed to Mess LB & AR Bryan, Rutherfordton NC. Period docketting on the back indicates that the cover was received on 15 JUN 1861. Some light edge foxing on the front and a little more foxing on the back only. Sealed corner tear at upper right not affecting anything. Very clean appearing cover with last day USA Used in the CSA postal use. $400.00 

SC1248
6/21/2024
USA Star Die with a Grid cancel and a full strike of the Hamburgh SC PAID CDS 4 JAN (1861) South Carolina Independent State. Addressed to Genl James Gillam, Greenwood SC. Period receiving docketing at the left. Part of top back flap torn away in opening. Very clean appearing cover.

James Gillam (1791-1878), a veteran of the War of 1812, was a succesful farmer and merchant. The title of "General" comes from the fact that he was a pre-war Maj-Gen of the South Carolina Militia.
$300.00

SC1249
6/21/2024
CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the VIOLET Pendleton SC CDS 6 NOV. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Land Office Form displayed with the left lower corner flapped up. Addressed to Miss Hennie Holmes, Edgefield CH, So. Ca. Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.$400.00

SC1250
6/21/2024
CSA #12 (AD) (margin just a little irregular on the right) pen-canceled and not tied. Manuscript "Pacolet Mills (SC) Feb 4 (1864)" to the right. Full Military Address to Capt J. W. McLure, Q. M. (Quartermaster) Palmetto Sharpshooters, Genl Jenkins Brigade, Hoods Division, Longstreets Corp, Morristown, Ten. Wallpaper Adversity Cover with a very flashy Blue and Gray floral design folded out for display. Edge wear and a little nibbling evident at the left. Small reduction at the right just into the address. Very presentable wallpaper cover with a very nice full military address that names three Generals.

John William McLure (1831-1916), a farmer and businessman from Pacolet Milles SC attended the University of Virginia but did not graduate, entered service as 2nd Lieut Co G 5th SC Inf 4/12/1861 and transferred to Co M SC Palmetto Sharpshooters 4/23/1862. On 6/1/1862, he was promoted Captain and assigned as the regimental Assistant Quartermaster of the SC Palmetto Sharpshooters. On detached service as AQM at the divisional level of Field's Division, Longstreet's Corps ANV 9/15/1864. No further record. After the war he was a successful merchant in Union SC. His 1916 obituary refers to him as a Major in Confederate service, but there is no record of a Major's promotion.
$400.00

SC1251
6/21/2024
Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings. Addressed to Mrs Josiah Obear, Winnsboro SC. "Kindness of Mr. Boylston" at lower left identifies the one who carried the letter privately. Receiving docketing at the left dates the cover to Sept 13th 1864. Wallpaper Adversity cover with a simple geometric lined design in brown displayed flapped bown from the top. Very Fine.

Rev Josiah Obear (1810-1882) was an Episcopal priest at St John's Episcopal Church in Winnsboro since 1841. He married his wife, Julia Saffery Obear (1813-1901) in 1841.
$250.00

SC1252
6/21/2024
Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings and not dated. Addressed simply to Wm Birnie Esq, Greenville (SC). Wallpaper Adversity cover with a nice floral design in blue, white, and shades of brown displayed flapped over from the left. Very Fine.

The William Birnie (1782-1865) Correspondence is well-known and well-documented. William Birnie was a prominent Charleston Merchant. Early in the war, he relocated from Charleston to Greenville because Greenville was a safer location. That dates the cover to the Confederate period.
$250.00

SC1253
6/21/2024
Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings and not dated. Addressed to Mrs. Mary E. Banks, Hazelwood PO, Chester Dist SC. "Favor of Capt J Foster" at lower left indicating the name of the one who carried the letter. Notation above in the same handwring as the address "Please leave this with postmaster at Cornwell C & SC Road." Another note in the same hand on the back flap "Will --- Boyd please forward to oblige Wm Banks." The Hazelwood Post Office was established in 1831 and discontinued in 1874. Cornwell Turnout Post Office near Hazelwood was established in 1853 and discontinued in 1868. Wallpaper Adversity cover with a very flashy and very colorful floral design in Blue, Green, Brown, and Purple folded out for display. Cover shows edge wear, and several internal folds reinforced with archival tape. Still a very presentable wallpaper cover.

The addressee, Mary E. Banks (1823-1888), was the wife of Henry Moore Banks (1810-1890). The Federal Census of 1860 identifies Henry Banks as a fairly well-to-do farmer in the Chester District with a personal worth of $4900 (about $185,000 in today's dollars). Unable to identify William Banks mentioned in a note who apparently was a relative. Unable to identify Capt J. Foster who carried the letter.
$300.00

SC1254
6/21/2024
Two Covers from the same correspondence Trans-Mississippi South Carolina to Louisiana.

First Cover - CSA #7 Vert Pair
affixed sideways (4-Margin) canceled with two full strikes of the Winnsborough Grids and the Winnsborough SC CDS to the left 18 MAR (1863). Addressed Trans-Mississippi to Dr. J. S. Milling, Collinsburgh, Bossier Parish, La. In the care of the P. M. (Postmaster). Back flap opening tears. Very Fine Appearance.

Second Cover - CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) barely tied at the top by the small double circle Camden SC CDS with a JUN 1863 date. Addressed to Doct James S. Milling, Collinsburgh, Bossier Parish, La. Minor reduction at the right, otherwise Very Fine.

James S. Milling (1831-1895) was a physician and planter in the Fairfield District of South Carolina. In 1859, he relocated his slaves to a plantation in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, with his wife and family remaining in South Carolina and not joining him in Louisiana until after the war in 1866. His gravesite says he had service in Co B 28th La Inf (Company B "Mark's Guards" was recruited from Bossier Parish), but I can find no record of this service. Many of Dr Milling's papers and letters are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and others are archived at Louisiana State University.
$250.00
Two
Covers

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Postal History Part 4

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