CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 4

Tennessee -- Texas


New Covers Added 23 JUN 2024

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
TENNESSEE TEXAS



-- TENNESSEE --

TN155

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with a partial but very recognizable strike of the Shelbeyville, Ten CDS 25 FEB Dietz Type II. Coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Mr. Rob Lowry Atlanta, Geo. Some backflap tears but otherwise Very Fine.
$150.00
TN245

CSA #5 (irregular margin and faults) pen-canceled and manuscript “Tyner, Ten Sept 30 (1862)” across the top. Addressed to Mrs. Ann Cox Care of Mr. H. Worley, Oxford, Miss. Minor small water stain at bottom center and shows just a little wear. Still a very clean and attractive cover with a scarce usage. Ex-Boshwit.
$500.00
TN276

CSA #1 Stone 2 Vert Pair from the right lower corner Positions 40, 50 (90, 100) (4-Margin with large sheet margins right and bottom and a few very light barely noticeable small scuffs) tied to cover by the usual somewhat blurred strike of the Blue Nashville, Ten CDS 21 JAN (1862).  Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. S. Mary PO Box 2469 New Orleans.  Part of backflap missing and a little edge wear but otherwise very clean with an excellent position pair of stamps.  Ex-Gallagher. $550.00


Chickamauga (also known as Chickamauga Station) is a listed CSA post office in Hamilton County, Ten located near Chattanooga and not far from the Georgia border. As an established CSA post office, the postmaster would have handled mail presented to him by the local inhabitants as well as by any Confederate Army units in the area. During the Chattanooga Campaign (Chattanooga fell to the Union 9/9/1863 and was subsequently placed under siege by the Confederate Army with the Battle of Chickamauga fought 19-20 Sept 1863) the little Chickamauga post office became overwhelmed with army mail. The Chickamauga postmaster first serviced his mail with manuscript markings. But some time during this period, the postmaster made or had made a simple typeset handstamp device with “Chicamauga” (“k” is missing in the handstamp) in a semi-circular configuration with a separate three line datestamp which was used to cancel the stamp. These markings have long been considered as Army of Tennessee field postal markings and are listed as such in the 1986 Dietz Catalog. But that is not necessarily true. While it is true that army covers would receive these marks, Chickamauga as a listed CSA post office was not exclusively set up as an army post office. So the marks could have been used on local civilian mail as well. The editors working on the army field cancel section of the new Confederate catalog have recognized this and removed the marking from the Army Field Cancel section. Unfortunately, the semi-circular Chicamauga marking is not illustrated or listed anywhere in the current CSA catalog. That does not lessen the fact that the manuscript Chickamauga covers are very scarce items. And the Chicamauga semi-circular handstamp is even scarcer with only perhaps a dozen or so covers known bearing this mark with dates in OCT and NOV 1863. The Chickamauga post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the Confederate Army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. This is distinct from the actual Army of Tennessee field post office set up by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of the city using the Chattanooga postmark (known as the “rover” with latest known use in late January 1864) and the Army of Tenn straight line handstamp used November 1863 into March 1864.
TN284

“Chickamauga, Tenn Sept 7 (1863) Due 10” all in manuscript with soldiers endorsement at left “J. R. Riggs Co G 27th Miss Regt.”  Addressed to Mrs. F. E. Smith, Prattville Po Office, Autauga County, Ala.  Cover dated just two days before the fall of Chattanooga.  Two weeks after this cover was sent, the 27th Miss Inf was actively engaged in the Battle of Chickamauga with significant casualties.  Minor file fold at the bottom and minor backflap opening tears, but still a Very Fine cover.  Ex-Matz,Ex-Boshwit, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN285

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but a little close at the top) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 6 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Exceptionally strong strikes of these scarce postal markings.  Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover addressed to Mrs. G. A. Miles, Bridgeville Pickens Co., Ala.  Cover was most likely sent by Lieut George A. Miles Co K 43rd Ala Infantry to his wife.  The 43rd Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit that fought gallantly at the Battle of Chickamauga and suffered heavy losses.  At the time of this cover, the regiment was positioned on Missionary Ridge until withdrawn from the line with the remainder of the army on 11/18/1863.  Cover is complete with just a little corner and edge wear but is still certainly one of the finest examples of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking.  Ex-Gallagher, Ex-Murphy, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN286

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “OCT 25 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. This cover is currently the earliest recorded usage date of the Chicamauga handstamp, but earlier usages may exist yet to be recorded. Addressed to Mrs. Thos. F. Hooper, Okolona Chickasaw Co., Miss. There is no Thomas F. Hooper listed as a soldier from Mississippi. There is only one Thomas F. Hooper listed in the Confederate Army. Lieut Thomas Foster Hooper (b1832) Co I 29th Ga Inf may be the one who sent this cover as the regiment was in the Chickamauga area at the time and took part in the battle. Cover is very clean with a small reduction at the right just into the last line of the address. But still an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking. Ex-Grant, Ex-Everett, Ex-Alex Hall, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN366

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 2 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. Addressed to Mrs Dr U. G. Owen Care of Mary Dobson, Rockford, Surrey Co., N. Carolina. Routing at lower left "via Columbia, S. Carolina." The cover was sent by Dr. Urban Grammer Owen (1833-1903) to his wife. Dr. Owen was the Surgeon of the 4th Ten Inf an Army of Tennessee unit. He married Laura Ann Dobson in 1859. After the war, he practiced medicine in Williamson County, Tennessee. Cover with a clean appearance with just a little light foxing and edge wear. Minor reduction on the left where the cover was opened not affecting anything. The cover is an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this scarce marking.  SOLD
TN388

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Pen-Cancel and manuscript “Chickamauga” with an early Oct (1863) date across the top. Chickamauga is listed as a CSA post office in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Addressed to Mr. William D. Kimbrell, Cold Springs Post Office, Edgefield District, South Carolina. Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. William D. Kimbrell (1800-1867) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 60 year old farmer in Edgefield District SC. He had one son, James Kimbrell, who served in Co I (Edgefield Guards) 24th SC Inf which was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Pvt James Kimbrell was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father about 2 1/2 weeks after the battle. Very Fine. $400.00
TN389

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and matching manuscript “Chickamauga, T(en) Oct 18 (1863).” Addressed to Mr. Flemming Rice, Rome, Ga.  Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. Flemming Rice (1802-1873) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 58 year old farmer in Floyd County, Georgia, He had one son, John H. Rice (1843-1911), who served as a Pvt (later Sergt) in Co G 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment enlisting 5/11/1862. Sergt Rice surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. The 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. Sergt John H. Rice was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father. Light water staining left side of cover but still a very clean appearance. $350.00


TN290

CSA #56x2 two singles in slightly different color shades (one stamp overlaps the other and there are preaffixing corner edge tears on both stamps in the margin only which do not detract) tied together and to the cover by the Memphis, Ten CDS 15 JUL (1861).  It has been suggested that the left stamp is the rare pelure thin paper variety.  But there are those who do not believe that such a variety even exists. Addressed to C. D. Barksdale Esq, Charleston, So. Ca. The addressee was Captain of Co L 1st SC Inf also known as the Carolina Light Infantry. Clean cover with a minor edge repair at the top left and most of backflap missing, but still very presentable and very exhibitable. $2,250.00
TN317

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close right and bottom) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS 23 FEB 1863. Addressed to Gen Ragan PM (Postmaster), Ragans Station, Ten. Reagan’s Station (mispelled on the cover) was a station on the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad 9 miles NE of Athens, Ten. Reagan’s Station, Ten is not listed as a Confederate post office and is also not listed in the 1863 Appleton’s US Postal Guide. It is possible that a small short-lived post office was established there because of the railroad and was never recorded. Adversity Cover made from a used ledger sheet which appears to be a freight listing. Very Fine. $400.00
TN321

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Tullahoma, Ten CDS 11 MAY 1863. Light yellow paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shepherd Care of Mrs Moses Anderson, Mobile, Ala. Small reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.         $350.00
TN337

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin with a little gum toning and pre-affixing faults) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 14 SEP (1861). Addressed to Z. M. Shackelford Esq, Macon, Tenn. Period military endorsement at top left “From Johndee Mitchell Lieut in Quartermaster’s Department Genl G. J. Pillow’s Brigade.” A military endorsement with a Memphis provisional stamp is not commonly seen. This is a cover FRONT ONLY with a little edge wear. Ex-Matz.

Unable to identify Lieut Mitchell in the endorsement as he is not on the official list of Gen Pillow's staff officers. Lieut Mitchell may have held Tennessee state rank instead. Gideon Johnson Pillow (1806-1878), a lawyer by profession with high connections with the USA government, was appointed a pre-war USA Maj-Gen of Volunteers but ran afoul of Gen Winfield Scott and was suspended. When Tennessee seceded, he went with his native state and received an appointment as Maj-Gen of Tennessee volunteers and an appointment as Brig-Gen in the PACS in July 1861. In February 1862, he was second in command at Fort Donelson to Gen Floyd who turned the command over to Pillow. Pillow then turned the command over to Gen Buckner, and both Floyd and Pillow escaped from Fort Donelson prior to the surrender. He was not a very good general and was subsequently relieved of duty and held no further important command for the rest of the war. He holds the distinction of being the only general to have been suspended from duty in both the USA and CSA armies. He instead worked in the Volunteer and Conscript Bureau and took over as the Commissary General of Prisoners in 1865 on the death of Gen Winder. After the war, he practiced law in Memphis.
$700.00
TN340

CSA #61x5 Nashville 5c Provisional Violet Brown (4-Margin but close at the left) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 12 OCT 1861. Matching BLUE Nashville PAID handstamp often found on Nashville provisional covers. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. & Mrs J. M. Hatcher, Eagleville, Williamson Co., Tenn. The cover is missing the top backflap and has a small reduction at the left not affecting anything. Very clean appearance and an excellent example of this scarce provisional on cover. $3,250.00
TN355

Handstamp PAID 10 with the Nashville, Ten CDS Type F all in BLUE 31 OCT 1861. Addressed to Asa Holland, Halesford, Franklin Co., Va. The addressee was the Halesford postmaster. Interesting cover in that there is an inside postal use manuscript “Wilsonville, Ala Pd 5 Oct 26 (1861)” addressed to Mess Graves Marks & Co., Nashville, Tenn. The cover is made from blue-lined notebook paper and appears to be a turned use. More likely the first use was a full folded letter. The letter part was separated, and what was left was used to make a cover for the second use. Very unusual to find such an adversity cover this early in the Confederate period. Very Fine. $475.00
TN356

CSA #56xu1 5c Red Memphis Press-Printed Provisional Envelope with no postal markings. The cover is addressed locally in Tennessee indicating that the cover was hand-carried outside the postal system. An attempt was made some time in the past to erase the address, and most of the address has been eradicated. This was a fairly common practice in the early days of postal history collecting as the families would sometimes erase or cut out or in some other way obliterate the address for privacy reasons before releasing the cover for sale. The cover is otherwise clean and still a scarce item. $750.00
TN358

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin tight on the left) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 25 MAR 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. H. Masters, Huntsville, Alabama. Unobtrusive repair to the lower right corner of the cover with a minor edge stain at lower right. Very clean appearing cover. $200.00
TN359

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) very dry printing (4-Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS with a MAR 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Robinson, Eutaw, Ala. Small cover with an opening reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine. $275.00
TN361

CSA #17xu2 Chattanooga, Ten PAID 5 Provisional 9 JUL 1861. Addressed to Miss C. H. Keith, Athens, Tennessee. Upper right corner repaired which includes a small part of the upper right of the provisional mark. Clear strikes of the postal markings and still quite an attractive and scarce cover. There are only five covers recorded in the Crown Survey. This cover is one of the five reported on Page 405. Ex-Hart. $1,500.00
TN362

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin irregular at the left) tied by the small single rim Clinton, Ten CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Thomas J. Howard, Lexington, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused South Carolina Railroad form displayed flapped down from the upper left corner. Thomas J. Howard enlisted as a private in Co A 56th Ga Inf 4/25/1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at the Battle of Franklin (Ten) 12/17/1864 (the last major action of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and released from the Camp Chase prison 6/13/1865. Very clean cover. $250.00
TN363

Handstamp PAID 5 Type A with the Union City Tennessee CDS. Large circular postmark with negative white letters on a black background which is also dateless. This postmark is recognized as a very distinctive unusual Confederate postmark. Addressed to Miss Mary Elmore, Montgomery, Ala Care J. A. Elmore Esq. Period receiving docketing on the reverse "Recd Oct 4 (1861), Ans Oct 6, 1st Letter after joining the army." There is no enclosure, but the cover is obviously from a soldier who is not identified and most likely a friend or a relative. Mary Elmore married Warren Stone Reese in 1863 who at the time was Capt of Co K 1st Ala Cav and later in 1864 Colonel of  the 12th Ala Cav. After the war Col Reese later served as the Mayor of Montgomery 1881-1885. Very clean cover and a very nice example of this scarce postmark. Signed by Brian Green. $875.00
TN364

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS. Date appears to be 26 DEC (1863) which would make this an example of Chattanooga "Rover" postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel after the fall of the city. Adversity Cover made from a used Southern Express Company Way Bill displayed flapped up from the bottom and flapped over from the right. Addressed to Mr. James H. Barr, Wallstreet (not sure of the designation), Jackson Co., Ga. There is no Wallstreet listed in Jackson County, Georgia. So this must be a local name. However, there is a Wall Station listed in the county. James Hinson Barr (1807-1883) of Jackson County, Georgia had four sons of military age during the war. Cover most likely sent by one of his sons in the Army of Tennessee. Very Fine Adversity Cover. $450.00
TN365

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ten CDS 21 OCT (1862). Addressed to Mr. R. J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga.  Minor back flap opening tear and small spindle holes upper left, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice stamp. $400.00
TN368

CSA #1c two singles Stone A/B Olive Green (one with 4 large margins and the other just touching at the lower right) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 20 DEC (1861). Addressed to J. F. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va. Nice stamps and a clean cover. $400.00
TN378

Stampless Nashville, Ten CDS handstamp PAID 10 Type F all in blue 11 OCT 1861. Addressed to Genl Wm G. Webb, Lagrange, Texas. The addressee was a Brig-Gen of Texas State Troops so his rank was a state rank and not a Confederate rank. Period receiving docketing at the left. Clean cover with a lttle mild edge wear, reduced at left not affecting anything, minor erosions which do not detract, and a small reduction at the right.  $200.00
TN385

Stampless Kingston, Ten small single rim CDS 11 APR (1862) with handstmap PAID over manuscript "Paid" with 5(ms) Type A 5(ms). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William J. Hornsby, Chattanooga, Tenn. Very Fine. $150.00
TN387

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 49 (margin close on the left and with a little edge gum toning) with the BLUE Winchester, Ten CDS 18 JAN (1862). The stamp is tied to the cover by the matching Winchester, Ten BLUE handstamp PAID 5 Type A. This is a scarce mark to begin with and even scarcer used to cancel a stamp. The PAID 5 handstamp paid no postage as the postage was paid by the stamp. Folded lettersheet with the page with the letter removed some time in the past addressed to Mr. E. R. Standy, Town Creek, Ala. $400.00
TN396

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (margins tight on 3 sides but with a large lower sheet Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 24 NOV 1861 (dated by receiving docketing on the reverse). Manuscript "Paid" at the upper left. Addressed to Genl A. T. Robertson, Bolivar, Tenn. Clean appearing cover reduced at the left not affectng anything.

Original letter remains with the cover. Short letter "This is to notify you that after the expiration of Ellen's month for which I have paid you, I shall not want her anymore." The letter refers to a slave named Ellen who was rented by Gen Robertson and who will be returned when the rental period expires. There is no record of a General A. T. Robertson having served in the military as a general either before or during the war. Alexander Thomas Robertson  (1814-1865) is listed as a lawyer in Bolivar, Tennessee, on the Census of 1860, so the title of "General" must have been honorary. He is also listed as having served as Lt Col of the 22nd Ten Inf, but this was later after the date of this cover.
$1,000.00
TN400

Stampless PAID cover with a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS (date not apparent) and matching BLUE handstamp PAID Type A (no rate). Cover dated to 6 NOV 1861 by period receiving docketing at the left. Semi-Official Imprint "Headquarters Western Department, Official Business" (CC WD-ZA-33). Addressed to A. L. Alexander Esqr for Mrs. Gilmer, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia. Based on the handwriting, the cover was sent by CSA Lt Col Jeremy F. Gilmer to his wife in care of his father-in-law. Very clean cover. Ex- Brian Green with his notation on the back.

The Confederates did not have an official "Western Department" designation as no such reference can be found to such a Confederate military department. But the USA had such a designation which in the summer of 1861 included western Kentucky. The Union "Western Department" went out of existence on 11/9/1861 which is the date of this cover. This is very probably a Union imprint and not a Confederate imprint which helps to explain why the imprint is lined through. There are two additional covers with this same imprint recorded with Confederate use from Bowling Green, Ky, These two additional covers are from the same correspondence dated 25 OCT (1861) and 9 NOV (1861). It appears that Col Gilmer (Later Maj-Gen in 1863) found these imprinted covers most likely in Bowling Green and used them for his personal correspondence home to his wife. The cover appears to be a captured Union imprinted cover and is associated with a later very prominent CSA general. I cannot prove positively that this is a Union imprint because I cannot find a postally used Union or pre-war example of the imprint. The only recorded uses that I could find are Confederate from the same personal correspondence. The evidence is compelling that this is "CSA Use of a Union Imprint." My research article, "Headquarters Western Department Semi-Official Imprint," on this imprint was published in the Second Quarter 2021 issue of the Civil War Philatelist. Click the title of you wish to read the full article. One of the additional two covers in this correspondence is listed in the Kentucky section as KY39.

Jeremy Francis Gilmer (1818-1883), an 1839 West Point graduate, was a pre-war US Army Engineer officer. At the beginning of the war, he was commissioned as a CSA Engineer Officer and served as a Lt Col on the staff of General Albert S. Johnston as Chief Engineer of Confederate Military Department No. 2 which included the Western Theater. He was known to have been in Bowling Green in Oct-Nov 1861. He was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh but recovered. In 1862 he was promoted Colonel and became Chief of the Engineer Bureau in the Confederate War Department. In 1863, he was promoted from Colonel directly to Major-General without having been a Brigadier-General and later assisted in the defences of Charleston and Atlanta. Gen Gilmer was considered by many to be the best military engineer in Confederate service. After the war, he engaged in railroad activities and was president of the Savannah Gaslight Company. The handwriting on the three covers known to me with this imprint is clearly that of Gen Gilmer early in his Confederate service.
$850.00
SOLD
TN404

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (small pre-affixing clip to the upper left corner) tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn CDS with a FEB 1863 date. Light green paper cover addressed to Hon A. G. Welcker, Cleveland, Tenn. Very clean cover. Ex-Kaufmann.

Albert Gallatin Welcker (1823-1868) was a prominent lawyer in East Tennessee. His papers are archived at the University of Tennessee Library in Knoxville, Tennessee.
$400.00
TN407

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 10 NOV (1861). Military Address to Adjt C. W. Frazer, 21st Regiment T V (Tennessee Volunteers), Columbus KY. Cover goes into the part of Kentucky that was under Confederate occupation November 1861 - February 1862. Very Fine. Ex-Weil.

Charles Wesley Frazer (1834-1897), a lawyer by profession, entered service as Captain of Co I 21st Ten Inf 6/14/1861. He is listed as wounded at Belmont (Mississippi County, Missouri) 11/7/1861. This small battle was the first combat test for Union Brig-Gen U. S. Grant. He is listed as wounded a second time at Murfreesboro (Ten) 12/31/1862. At some point he was promoted Major. He was captured as a POW 9/15/1863 (place not stated) and confined at Johnson's Island for the remainder of the war until released 6/11/1865. After the war, he lived in Memphis. His brother was CSA Brig-Gen John Wesley Frazer (1827-1906).
$1,000.00
TN409

CSA #7 Horz Pair tied by the Murfreesboro, Ten CDS 21 OCT 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Mary Ann Pittman, China Grove, Mississippi. Very clean cover.

Mary Ann Pittman (1839-1900) was the wife of Stephen Dudley Pittman (1835-1917) who was most likely the sender of this cover. Stephen D. Pittman, a farmer from Marion County, Mississippi, enlisted as a private in Co F 7th Miss Inf 8/1/1861, an Army of Mississippi unit. In March 1863, he was slightly wounded at Murfressboro, Ten. He was much more severely wounded in September 1864 by a gunshot to the leg resulting in the amputation of his right leg at the thigh. Place not stated, but the wound and the loss of the leg most likely occurred at the Siege of Atlanta. After the war, he went back to farming in Mississippi.
$150.00
TN410

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with a full strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp DUE 10 Type D 1 NOV. Endorsed at upper left “From T. W. Patton 60 NC Regt A T (Army of Tennessee).” Addressed to Mrs. James W. Patton Sr., Asheville, Buncomb County, North Carolina. Cover is somewhat reduced on the left not affecting anything but has a Very Fine appearance with bold strikes of the postal markings.

Thomas Walton Patton (1841-1907) entered service as a Corporal in Co E 1st NC Inf. He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant and transferred to Co C 60th NC Inf 7/8/1862 and promoted Captain 3/10/1863. He resigned the service for unknown reasons 8/8/1864. After the war, he was a prominent citizen of Asheville and was elected mayor 1893-1894. He also volunteered and served with the North Carolina Infantry in the Spanish-American War.
$250.00
TN411

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin but a little close at the top) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 13 NOV (1861). Military address to CSA occupied Kentucky. Mr. Geo W. Chambers Care of Capt A. W. Bowie, Alabama Vols, Columbus Ky. Advertising Cover with a printed corner card at the lower left "G. W. Jones & Co, Wholesale Druggists, 229 Main Street, Memphis, Tenn." Small reduction at the right and what looks to be a professionaly done edge repair at the right center not affecting the stamp, postmark, or the address. Very clean overall appearing cover. Ex-Gallagher.

The obscure unit in the address was Bowie's Company of Alabama Volunteers which became Co D Brewer's 2nd Battalion Mississippi (and Alabama) Cavalry and later became Co A 8th Confederate Cavalry. George W. Chambers (1844-1906) enlisted as a private at Decatur, Ala, 6/13/1861 when the unit was officially formed. He served throughout the war and then became a very prominent grocer, businessman, and land owner in Talladega, Ala. "Pvt Co A 8 Confed Cav Confederate States Army" is engraved on his grave marker in the Oak Hill Cemetery in Talladega, Ala. Capt Andrew W. Bowie (1822-1900) also lived in Talladega, Ala, after the war. He is listed on the Federal Census as a lawyer. He is buried in the same cemetery with the same inscription on his grave marker as Pvt Chambers.
$850.00
TN412

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin but a little close at the right) tied by the Memphis,Ten CDS with a DEC 1861 date. Orange paper cover addressed to Dr. J. W. Justice, Fulton, Miss. Very Fine. PF Certificate 1994 which mentions a light diagonal crease in the lower left margin of the stamp as well as a little gum toning at the top of the stamp. Both notations on the certificate are minor and of no real consequence. $1,000.00
TN413

CSA #11 (AD) appears uncancelled with no postal markings. Civilian Through-the-Lines cover from East Tennesee with period "Flag of Truce" at the left edge. The stamp was meant to pre-pay the Confederate postage. At upper right is a period manuscript "Ex permitted L. A. Gratz, Maj a. a. a. Genl (Acting Assistant Adjutant General)" which is the notation and signature of the Union Officer who examined the original letter (not currently with the cover) and passed it through the lines. Addressed to Mr. "Joe" G. Rhea, New Market, E. Tenn Care of Genl Vaughn. This would be the inside cover that was allowed to cross the lines and has no indication of the actual place of origin which would have been on the outer envelope that was discarded. The cover is a small commercially made yellow lined lady's type cover with embossing on the back flap and is most likely from the addressee's wife who was in Union occupied territory. The cover appears to have been hand-carried outside the postal system to its final destination once it crossed the lines under a Flag of Truce most likely by a courier who accepted the mail and took it to the army. Very interesting and very scarce Civilian Through-the-Lines cover from East Tennessee.

Lewis A. Gratz entered service as the Major of the 6th KY Cavalry (Union) 8/16/1862 and mustered out 7/15/1865 at Edgefield, Ten. The unit was active throughout in Tennessee. No further information on Major Gratz.

From the address, it is evident that the addressee is a CSA soldier. Joseph G. Rhea enlisted as a private in Co F 62nd Ten Inf 10/1/1862. He was paroled in Georgia in 1865. He appears on the 1880 Federal Census as a farmer in Tennessee. The 62nd Ten Inf was part of Vaughn's Brigade commanded by Brig-Gen Alfred Jefferson Vaughn Jr (1830-1899) mentioned in the address. The brigade was assigned to the Department of East Tennessee beginning in December 1863. That would date this cover to very late 1863 or early 1864.
$500.00
TN414

CSA #61x2 5c Carmine Nashville Provisional (good margins) tied by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 17 AUG 1861. Addressed to Mr. J. L. Weakley, Little Rock, Arkansas. The address is a little faded but still easily legible. Small pink lady's type cover which is very clean but with a missing top back flap. Signed "Dietz" on the back. $2,000.00
TN416

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with edge gum tonng) pen-cancelled and matching manuscript postal markings "Belleville Ten Apr 14th 1863." Obscure postal use from a listed CSA post office in Roane County in East Tennesse. Belleville in Roane County no longer exists. This county was largely pro-Union. Addressed to Saltville, Va. The name of the addressee has the title of "Col" but the name is faded out and not legible. Green paper Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused freight document form from Knoxville, Tennessee, displayed flapped down from the top. Clean appearing cover. $250.00
TN418

CSA #12a (AD) Intense Milky Blue color (Position 10 stamp with upper and right sheet margins but margin tight at the bottom and a pre-affixing corner crease at the lower left which does not detract from the overall appearance) tied by the small single rim Tazewell, Ten CDS (date not fully apparent). Green paper cover addressed to Doct John Moore, Hendersons Mills, Greene County, Tennessee. Minor reduction on the left where opened. "BRW" unidentified collector's handstamp on the back. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp. $175.00
TN420

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin which is most unusual for this stamp) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS partially struck off the cover (date not apparent). Addressed to Miss Sallie Mitchell, Macon, Tenn. Military endorsement at top left "From Johndee Mitchell, Lieut in QM Department, Genl G. J. Pillow's Brigade." A military endorsement with a Memphis Provisional stamp is not commonly seen. Professionally cleaned and minor edge improvements to a Very Fine appearance reduced a bit at the left where opened not affectig anything. Ex-Gallagher.

Unable to identify Lieut Mitchell in the endorsement as he is not on the official list of Gen Pillow's staff officers. Lieut Mitchell may have held Tennessee state rank instead. Gideon Johnson Pillow (1806-1878), a lawyer by profession with high connections with the USA government, was appointed a pre-war USA Maj-Gen of Volunteers but ran afoul of Gen Winfield Scott and was suspended. When Tennessee seceded, he went with his native state and received an appointment as Maj-Gen of Tennessee volunteers and an appointment as Brig-Gen in the PACS in July 1861. In February 1862, he was second in command at Fort Donelson to Gen Floyd who turned the command over to Pillow. Pillow then turned the command over to Gen Buckner, and both Floyd and Pillow escaped from Fort Donelson prior to the surrender. He was not a very good general and was subsequently relieved of duty and held no further important command for the rest of the war. He holds the distinction of being the only general to have been suspended from duty in both the USA and CSA armies. He instead worked in the Volunteer and Conscript Bureau and took over as the Commissary General of Prisoners in 1865 on the death of Gen Winder. After the war, he practiced law in Memphis.
$1,500.00

The following 12 covers (TN421-TN432) are from the Jim Cate Collection / Exhibit of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Chattanooga fell to the Union on 9/9/1863. The Chattanooga postmaster fled with the army taking the postmarking device with him and traveled with the Army of Tennessee using the Chattanooga postmark to service the army mail. This is known as the Chattanooga "Rover" Army of Tennesse field postmark (CC ATN-01). The Chattanooga "Rover" was in use beginning after the fall of Chattanooga until late January 1864. The latest recorded use of the Chattanooga "Rover" postmark is 1/23/1864. A number of the covers in the Cate Collection / Exhibit are examples of the Chattanooga "Rover" use as well as postal use prior to the fall of the city to the Union.
TN421

Stampless Soldier's DUE cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and Arc DUE 10 handstamp Type D 9 JAN (1864) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01).  Addressed to Mrs. M. A. McCorkle, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia, in care of Dr. Ficklein. Endorsed at upper left "Private in Co H 37th Regt Geo Vols." Very Fine. Ex-Cate Collection.

The cover was sent by Pvt John McCorkle (1824-1865) to his wife. Pvt McCorkle enlisted in Co H 37th Ga Inf 8/10/1863. That dates this cover to JAN 1864 as a Chattanooga "Rover" postal use. Pvt McCorkle is listed as captured as a POW near Nashville on 12/16/1864 and confined at Camp Douglas, Illinois, near Chicago. He died of pneumonia while a POW 2/6/1865 and is buried in the Camp Douglas Confederate Cemetery.
$200.00
TN422

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y Light Milky Blue (4-Margin but close at the bottom and a small pre-affixing edge fault at the top right) tied by the Chattanooga, TENN CDS 28 FEB 1863. Military Address to Capt T. R. Mitchell, Co H, 5th Ten Reg, Tullahoma, Tenn. Very clean cover. Ex-Kaufmann. Ex-Cate Collection.

Thomas R. Mitchell (1834-1864) entered service as Capt of Co F 35th Ten Inf 9/1/1861 The regiment was also known as the 1st Ten Mountain Rifle Regiment and the 5th Ten Inf Regiment Provisional Army. Capt Mitchell died in December 1864. The cause and circumstances of his death are not recorded.
$250.00
TN423

Turned Cover -- Very clean cover Ex-Kaufmann. Ex-Cate Collection.

Outside Use -- CSA #2 Paterson Light Blue (4-Margin with pre-affixing creases) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 12 NOV 1862. Very light address to Analiza Smith, Conyers PO, Newton County, Ga.

Inside Use  -- Manuscript "Paid 10" with no postmark and no indication of town of origin. Addressed to Mrs. A. R. Smith, Oxford PO, Newton County, Ga.

The outside use was sent by Thomas H. Smith (1841-1899) who was from a large farming family in Newton County, Georgia, home to his sister, Ann Eliza Smith. Thomas H. Smith enlisted as a private in Co C Ga Washington Light Artillery (date not recorded). The addressee of the inside use, Mrs A. R. Smith, was Pvt Smith's mother, Amanda Rebecca Smith (1814-1894). After the war, Pvt Smith returned to farming in Newton County, Georgia.
$150.00
TN424

Stampless Soldier's DUE cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp Arc Due 10 Type D 30 AUG (1863) about 2 weeks prior to the fall of Chattanooga to the Union on 9/9/1863. Coarse brown paper cover, which appears to be homemade, addressed to Mrs. J. K. Callaway, Summerfield, Dallas County, Alabama. Endorsed at upper right "Lieut J. K. Callaway, Co K 28th Ala Vols." Cover with minor corner wear, othewise very clean. Ex-Cate Collection.

Joshua K. Callaway (1834-1863), listed as a school teacher in Summerfield, Ala, on the 1860 Federal Census, entered service as a Lieut in Co K 28th Ala Inf in early 1862. His Civil War correspondence with his wife from April 1862 through November 1863 is extensive (74 letters) and has been published. Lieut Callaway was Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Missionery Ridge near Chattanooga 11/25/1863.
$150.00
TN425

Stampless Soldier's Due cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp Arc Due 10 Type D and also a manuscript "Due 10" 8 DEC (1863) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. L. Delph, Hamburg, South Carolina. Endorsed at top right "Sergt Delph Co B 66 Geo Regt Vols." Very Fine. Ex-Cate Collection.

R. J. Delph (c1821-1864) entered service as a private in Co F 66th Ga Inf 9/25/1863 and was subsequently promoted Sergt-Major. Listed as a 39 year old clerk in Hamburg SC on the Federal Census of 1860, he was most likely a conscript in 1863 as the 66th Ga Inf was formed in the summer of 1863 mainly from conscripts. Sergt-Major Delph died 8/22/1864. This was during the Siege of Atlanta, but the cause and circumstances of his death are not recorded. Sergt-Major Delph's history with the regiment dates this cover to his wife during the Chattanooga "rover' period in December 1863.
$200.00
TN426

Stampless Soldier's Due cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp Arc Due 10 Type D 2 DEC (1863) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Addressed to Mrs. W. A. Chunn, Manassas, Bartow Co., Georgia. Endorsed across the top "From W. A. Chunn 40th Ga Regt." In December 1862, the regiment was in the Vicksburg area. In late 1863, the 40th Ga Inf was involved in the Siege of Chattanooga which would date this cover to December 1863 and confirms the postmark as Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" use. Very Fine. Ex-Cate Collection.

William A. Chunn (1840-1921) entered service 10/5/1861 as a 2nd Lieut in Co I Ga 1st Brigade State Troops and mustered out 4/15/1862. He then enlisted as a private in Co I Ga 40th Inf 4/27/1862 and was subsequently promoted Commissary Sergeant. He surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. After the war, Sergt Chunn, a lawyer by profession, returned home to Bartow County, Georgia, and practiced law.
$200.00
SOLD
TN427

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (margin touches at the left but with a large upper sheet margin) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 4 OCT (1863) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Addressed to Mrs. J. W. McLure, Pacolet Mills, Union Dist., So. Carolina. Minor foxing and a few back flap opening tears. Very clean appearance.

John W. McLure (1831-1916), the sender of this cover home to his wife, entered service as 2nd Lieut Co G 5th SC Inf on 4/15/1861. His service was with the ANV. He later assumed duties as a Quartermaster with the Palmetto Sharpshooters and then at the division level in Longstreet's Corps. His 1916 obituary states that he was promoted Major but cannot find any verification of that. He was with the two divisions of Longstreet's Corps that were transferred temporarily to Tennesee in late 1863 which accounts for this use of the Chattanooga "Rover" postmark in October 1863. After the war, he returned home and was a successful merchant in the Union District of South Carolina.
$250.00
TN428

CSA #5 (decent color) (margin a little irregular at the right) tied by a nice strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 25 JUL 1862. Addressed to Mrs. J. W. A. Sanford Care of Col W. H. Taylor, Montgomery, Ala. Cover with a sealed back flap opening tear and just a little top edge wear but is very clean. The 10c Rose stamp used from Chattanooga is not commonly seen.

The cover was sent by Lt Col John William Augustine Sanford (1825-1913) home to his wife. Col Sanford commanded the 3rd Battalion Hilliard’s Alabama Legion which had just been organized the month before. Later in 1863, the unit took part in the Battle of Chickamauga and the Siege of Chattanooga. Lt Col Sanford was later promoted Colonel of the 60th Ala Inf when his unit was consolidated in November 1863. After the war, Col Sanford served as the Attorney General of Alabama. Could not find a Col W. A. Taylor from Alabama associated with the Confederate Army so title most likely honorary. Col Taylor was Mrs. Sanford's father with whom she was staying while her husband was away. 
$650.00
TN429

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 13 JAN (1864) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Lillie Marshall Care Capt G. O. Janney, Montgomery, Ala. Very clean cover.

The cover was sent by John Hunt Higley (1830-1889) to his future wife whom he would marry in February 1865. He was promoted Lt Col of the 40th Ala Inf 5/1/1862. He was later promoted Colonel of the regiment. The 40th Ala Inf was a Western Theater Army of Tennessee unit. After the war, Col Higley was engaged in the insurance business in Mobile, Ala.

Capt George Oliver Janney (1834-1894) was a CSA staff officer and held the post of Commissary of Subsistence in Montgomery, Alabama. The connection between Capt Janney and Miss Marshall, the addressee, is not known. They may have been related.
$250.00
TN430

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 9 AUG (1863) one month prior to the fall of Chattanooga to the Union. Addressed to Miss Elizabeth Buntyn, Griffin, Georgia. Sealed back flap opening tears. Very clean appearing cover. $125.00
TN431

Stampless Soldier's Due cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp Arc Due 10 Type D 10 JAN (1864) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. E. Chandler, Tibbee Station, Miss. Railroad routing M & C RR. The only railroad that fits that designation is the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Endorsed across the top "Seargt Robertson Co A 44th Miss Regt." Minor back flap opening tear. Very clean cover.

Sergt B. F. Robertson (1829-1881), the soldier who endorsed the cover, is listed as entering service as 2nd Lieut Co A 44th Miss Regt 4/1/1862. Mississippi soldiers' records are notoriously sketchy. There is nothing else on his record except his enlistment as a 2nd Lieut. That is either an error or perhaps he was reduced to the ranks for some  unknown reason as his endorsement clearly says 'Seargt." The addressee, Sarah E. Robertson Chandler (1830-1907), was Sergt Robertson's sister.
$200.00
TN432

Stampless Soldier's Due cover with the Chattanooga, Ten CDS and handstamp Arc Due 10 Type D 13 JAN (1864) Chattanooga Army of Tennessee "Rover" postmark (CC ATN-01). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs Mary A. Hitch, Mountain Inn P. Office, Greenville Dist, So. Ca. Endorsed at left "Private Young H. E. Hitch Co I 16th Regt So Ca Vol." Address and endorsment are a bit faded but still legible. Minor edge wear.

Young Henry Elkanah Hitch (1826-1864) enlisted as a private in Co I 16th SC Inf 4/1/1862. Another record states that he had prior service in the 9th SC Reserves and enlisted in the 16th SC Inf 2/13/1863. South Carolina soldiers' records are poor at best. Pvt Hitch was Killed-in-Action while on pickett duty at Kennesaw Mountain 6/19/1864. Pvt Hitch sent this cover home to his wife. Interesting period notation on the inside of the top back flap in the same hand as the address "Mary please write to your husband."
$125.00

TN433

Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim Jacksborough, Ten CDS (Campbell County) and manuscript "Paid 10" 14 NOV. Small lady's type cover addressed to Miss Theo Odeneal, Columbus, Miss. The Odeneal family in Columbus, Mississippi, was a wealthy planter family. Cover with a missing top back flap and some light staining at the left. This Jacksborough manuscript "Paid 10" cover is listed in the current CSA Catalog as "unsupported." This cover certainly supports the listing.
$150.00

TN434
4/13/2024
CSA #1c Stone A/B Olive Green 2 singles paying the 10c rate over 500 miles (both stamps with pre-affixing faults with one stamp being very faulty) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS with a DEC (1861) date. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Susan Elliott, Richmond, Virginia, Care of Mr. G. B. West. On arrival in Richmond, the cover was unclaimed. After a period of time, the Richmond, Va CDS was applied as well as the Richmond ADVERTISED 2 handstamp Type U. The CDS and the handstamp overlap. This indicates that the unclaimed cover was advertised (newspaper and/or broadside) as being available for pickup. The advertised fee was 2c. Cover with edge and top back flap faults. Even though the cover has faults and the stamps are faulty, the cover is a presentable representative example of an advertised postal use. $150.00

TN435
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the Beersheba Springs (Tennessee) CDS and manuscript "Paid 5" 3 JULY (1861). Very unusual and not commonly seen Tennessee postmark from a resort town in Grundy County. The postmark does not conform to postal regulations as it doe not contain the name or abbrevation for the state. Addressed to Rev Thomas W. Humes, Knoxville, Tennessee. Very Fine.

Reverend Thomas W. Humes (1815-1892), a native of Knoxville, was an Epscopal  priest and rector of  St. John's Episcopal Church in Knoxville since 1846. He was a staunch East Tennessee Unionist and spent the war in Knoxville. He lost his rectorship at the beginning of the war because of his Union sympathies. After the war  in 1865, he became President of East Tennessee University in Knoxville and oversaw the transition of the school into the University of Tennessee.
$300.00
Sale
Pending

TN436
6/22/2024
CSA #7 Pair (margins just a little irregular) tied by the Shelbyville, Ten CDS 28 APR (1863). Addressed Trans-Mississippi to Miss Mary Ann Scurlock, Johnson Co, Grandview PO, Texas. Small reduction at the left where opened. Just a little light staining but still quite presentable. $125.00

TN437
6/22/2024
CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS (date not fully apparent 4 --- 1862). Pencil notation on the back "June 3rd 1862" which would be the date of the letter which is no longer present. Addressed to Mrs. Cynthia R. Shouse Care of Mr. George Miller, Talledega, Ala. Routing at the upper left "Via Rome (Ga)" and  "Lt Shouse" (the sender). Also "Eighth Letter" at the top which is a receiving notation. Part of back flap missing and a little light staining, but still a very presentable cover.

Records show a 2nd Lieut Frank M. Shouse (1833-1905) in Co E 31st Ala Inf who was later promoted Capt. The 31st Ala Inf was organized in Talledega, Alabama, and was assigned at this time to the Department of East Tennessee. No further information on the Shouse family.
$150.00

TN438
6/22/2024
CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin a little tight at the top right and a filled-in-frame variety at the right 7-R-v2) tied by a partial strike of the Shelbyville, Ten CDS 30 JAN (1863). Railroad address to Miss Cynthia Gingles Care of C. H. Gingles, Fort Deposit on Mont(gomery) & Pensacola  R R (Railroad), Ala. Top back flap missing and light soiling but still quite presentable.

Cynthia Gingles (1845-1895) married Dr. George O. Brosnaham (1835-1933) Asst Surgeon of the 2nd Fla Inf in 1865. Dr Brosnaham may or may not have sent this cover to his future wife. The 2nd Fla Inf, an ANV unit, was in Tennesse at this time with Longstreet's Corps.
$125.00

TN439
6/22/2024
CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y affixed sideways (margin tight at the top) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten with a NOV 1862 date. Very small but complete lady's type cover with embossing on the back flap. Homemade Mourning Cover with back flaps outlined manually with a period dark pencil. Addressed to Miss C. C. Honnoll, Buttahattchie, Mississippi. Minor edge faults at top center. Very presentable cover.$200.00

TN440
6/22/2024
CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin close at the bottom with just a little light edge gum toning) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 8 FEB 1862. Handstamp Memphis DUE 5 (double overlapping strike) Type G for underpayment (overweight). addressed to R. H. Laird Esqr, Lynnville, Tennessee. Cover must have been overweight for the DUE 5 assessed as the distance between Memphis and Lynnville is well under 500 miles. Very clean cover. Unsigned note on the back by VanDyk MacBride.$200.00

TN441
6/22/2024
CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by a weak strike of the small double circle Knoxville, Ten CDS (date not fully apparent). Receiving docketing at the left dates the cover to "17 Jany 1862." Addressed to W. S. McEwen Esq, Kingston, Tennessee. Minor back flap opening tear. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp.$150.00

TN442
6/22/2024
CSA #1c Stone 1 Olive Green (not plated) (could be a Stone A/B) (4-Margin but just a little irregular at the upper left corner) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. John Sloane Beecher, Ashwood, Tenn. Sealed edge tear at left just into the rim of the CDS. Otherwise a very clean and presentable cover with a nice olive green stamp.$150.00

TN443
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with a weak but recognizable strike of the BLUE Bolivar, Ten balloon CDS and matching BLUE handstamp PAID 5 (type not listed in the CSA catalog) 21 MAY (1862). Military Address to Robert L. Bliss Jr Care of Maj Jones 33rd Miss Regt, Corinth, Miss. Small but complete lady's type cover with embossed flowers on the back flap. Small dark period stain at top center not affecting anything, back flap opening tears, and a small piece of the top back flap torn away in opening. Very presentable cover and a scarce postal use.

Robert Lewis Bliss Jr (1843-1908) had interesting war service. He entered service as a private in the 27th Ala Inf. He was originally from Florence, Ala. He was captured at Fort Donelson but escaped. He reenlisted as a private in the 33rd Miss Inf at Corinth which is the time of this cover. He was later transferred to the 16th Ala Inf as Ordinance Sergeant and served through to the Battle of Franklin before being transferred to Forrest's Cavalry Corps as Ordinance Sergeant. He surrendered with Forrest's command at Ganesville, Ala. (Service record from the Alabama soldiers’ records). After the war, he married Martha Dora Watkins in 1871 and lived in Florence, Alabama. The Federal Census of 1880 lists him as a merchant in Florence, Alabama. The sender of this cover from Bolivar, Tennessee, is not identified. Could not identify Maj Jones mentioned in the address. Mississippi records are poor at best.
$200.00
Sale
Pending

TN444
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the small double circle Columbia, Ten CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type A 23 NOV (1861). Addressed to Miss Mollie Crawford, Hornlake, Missippi (Mississippi). Very slight reduction at the right where opened. Ex-Walcott Collection.$225.00

TN445
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with a partial strike of the RED Clarksville, Ten CDS and handstamp BLUE PAID 5 Type B 23 DEC (1861). The PAID handstamp overlaps part of the CDS. Nice two color strikes of the postal markings. Addressed to Mrs James N. LeConte, Macon, Bibb County, Georgia. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover.

James Nisbet LeConte MD (1834-1862) obtained his medical degree from the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1856. He married  Mary B. Gordon (1836-1903) from Columbia, Ten in 1858.  He died in July 1862 of tuberculosis. Both he and his wife are buried in the Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon, Georgia.
$200.00

TN446
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim Dresden, Ten CDS and handstamp PAID 10 (ms) Type A 7 AUG (1861). From the Pettigrew Correspondence addressed to Honl W. S. Pettigrew, Scuppernong NC. Period receiving docketing at the left concerning the original contents. Minor back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Kohn.

The addressee, William Shepard Pettigrew(1818-1881), was the brother of famed CSA General James Johnston Pettigrew who commanded a division during Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg and was killed a few days later during the retreat from Gettysburg. During the war, William S. Pettigrew operated the family's plantations in North Carolina and was later ordained an Episcopal minister in 1869.
$200.00

TN447
6/22/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the Memphis, Ten CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C (date not fully apparent). From the well-known and well-documented Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Period receiving docketing at the top naming the sender. Manuscript "Politeness of Mr. W. L. McDonald" at the lower left. Such a notation generally means that the cover was handcarried outside the postal system. Perhaps the cover was privately carried into Memphis from somewhere else and posted in Memphis. No way of knowing for sure since there is no enclosure. Very clean cover with only a minor back flap opening tear. Ex-Walcott Collection, Ex-Oswald.$200.00

TN448
6/22/2024
CSA #5 (4-Margin and decent color but with a horizontal cover file crease across the top of the stamp) canceled with a manuscript numeral "10" and manuscript postal markings to the left "McMillan, Ten July 26" (obscure use from Knox County). Addressed to Mrs M. P. Alexander, Wall Street, Jackson County, Georgia.  Wall Street was a very obscure CSA post office which I could not find anywhere except that it is listed in Frank Crown's 2007 book on Georgia post offices as only existing in 1862. Very interesting cover showing two very obscure CSA post offices. Very clean appearing cover.$250.00
Sale
Pending


-- TEXAS --

TX130

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Houston, Tex CDS Dietz Type B (date not apparent). Endorsed across the top “From Sergt J. E. Wallis 20th (Elmores) Texas Regt.” Clean coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Kate Wallis Chappell Hill, Texas. The 20th Texas Regt essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. Very Fine.
$250.00
TX157

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Galveston, Tex double circle CDS (usual weak strike but easily recognizable) Dietz Type C 21 OCT 1863. Endorsed at upper right “From J. M. Seymour Comp C 2nd Tex Vol Inf.” Addressed to Mrs. John Adriance Columbia Brazoria County, Texas. The 2nd Tex Inf was surrendered and paroled at Vicksburg in JUL 1863. The regiment was declared exchanged in SEP 1863 and reorganized in the Galveston area. Very clean cover from the Adriance Correspondence.
$250.00
TX170

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by a partial strike of the Larissa, Tex CDS 8 FEB (1865). Folded Letter complete written on lined notebook paper and confirms the 1865 Larissa usage. Addressed to Genl Hayden H. Edwards Nacogdoches, Tex. Hayden H. Edwards was a very prominent Nacogdoches citizen and businessman at the time. He was active in the Texas Independence from Mexico movement in the 1830’s. The title of “General” was honorary and not related to the Confederate Army. The letter itself is entirely business and concerns a land deal. Excellent CSA Texas 1865 usage and a very late Texas usage for these stamps from an obscure town in Cherokee County. Very Fine.
$400.00
TX199

“Paid” in manuscript (no rate) with the Courtney, Tex CDS 24 FEB (1863). Folded Letter complete to Mrs Ema E. Allen Washington, Texas. The letter gives the exact year date. The letter is a lengthy letter from a lady to her sister. Very poignant letter as the writer is despondent over the recent death of a loved one (presumably her husband). Cover is very clean and represents somewhat obscure Texas usage from Grimes County. The folded letter is actually written in a ledger page, and the interior folds are quite fragile. But the folds have been reinforced with archival quality tape. Very Fine appearance.
$300.00
TX214

Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with a full strike of the Jefferson, Tex CDS Dietz Type I 10(ms) 14 NOV (1861). Cover is from the well-known Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence. A little light foxing but otherwsie a Very Fine appearance.
$325.00
TX235

Handstamp PAID 10 with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS Dietz Type IC 6 APR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. H. L. Rankin Esq, Hempstead, Texas. Clean cover reduced a bit at the right and a sealed edge tear bottom center.
$150.00
TX260

Folded Letter complete with a partial strike of the Navasota, Tex CDS with no rate addressed to San Felipe, Texas. The letter is written in old German script (a large community of German immigrants lived in Texas at this time) and clearly dates the usage to MAY 1863. A second letter from the same correspondence dated JUL 1864 is included with the cover. The letters have been transcribed and translated by a university professor who can read the old German handwriting. Unfortunately, the transcripts are no longer with the letters. The letters are between husband and wife, Gustav and Justiny Friedrich. Gustav is apparently with the soldiers as he states that he has been through eight battles. However, there is no record of a Gustav Friedrich serving in the Confederate Army. From the letters, he appears to be a teamster and may be a civilian hired contractor or perhaps a member of the militia. War period Confederate letters from German immigrants are not common as many are in the archives or still with the families. Few minor sealed internal tears but otherwise a very clean folded letter.
$250.00
TX279

Manuscript Soldiers “Due 10” with no other postal markings.  Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Tex.  Endorsed at upper left “From J. P. Osterhout Adjt 4th Tex S(tate) T(roops).”  The 4th Tex Inf State Troops was a home guard unit organized in 1863 for six months service.  Other endorsed covers in the Osterhout correspondence places the unit in the Houston area which is most likely where this cover originated.  A non contemporary notation most likely referring to the original letter which is no longer with the cover dates the cover to DEC 1863.  Very clean cover. $200.00
TX311

CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 22-23 (irregular margins and preaffixing faults) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 13 JUL (1862). Orange paper cover reduced at the left about 1/2” not affecting anything. Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. The Stone 3 stamp used in Texas is not commonly seen. $600.00
TX312

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 22 OCT. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. Reduced at left about 1 inch. Very clean cover. $350.00
TX313

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margins a little close) tied by the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS 2 MAR (1865). Very late Use. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Horace V. Freeman, Bandera, Texas. Receiving docketing on the front of the cover “Rec’d Mar 15, 1865” confirms the year of use. A little edge wear but still a very clean cover. $400.00
TX325

CSA #40xu2 Houston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the posvisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 17 OCT 1862. Black bordered commercially made Mourning Cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brezoria County, Texas. Cover with part of backflap missing, edge wear at the right, and a clipped upper right corner not affecting the postal markings which are quite strong for the Houston provisional. $850.00
 TX326

CSA #70xu2 Richmond, Texas PAID 10 Provisional with the provisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 13 OCT (1863). Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper which dates the cover to 1863. Addressed to W. P. Ballinger, Houston, Texas. The letter is about the sickness of one Col Potter and goes into deep detail about the illness. There is also an interesting period notation on the back of the cover concerning a runaway slave named Cyrus. This cover is Ex-Phillips and is listed on Page 310 of the Crown Survey. Somewhat weak, as is usual, strike of the red provisional mark but still quite legible and an otherwise Very Fine and scarce cover. CSA Certificate 1981. Refer to recent article in The Confederate Philatelist concerning stampless provisional covers with charge box notations.
$1,500.00
TX328

Handstamp PAID 10 with no postmark and a "Charge Box 66" notation. Folded Letter complete which identifies the town of origin as Clarksville, Texas and dates the use to 17 NOV 1863. This is the Type B Clarksville handstamp as illustrated in the new CSA Catalog. Addressed to Saml F. Mosley Esqr, Jefferson, Texas. The letter is a short business letter and deals with the payment of taxes on sugar. When unfolded, the letter paper is a bit rough on the left side, but this is removed from sight when the cover is folded to a very clean appearance. Clarksville was the Court House of Red River County. $250.00
TX333

Handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A with the Owensville, Tex CDS 24 DEC. Full Military Address to Maj L. C. Scogin, 3rd Cavalry Battalion, Texas State Troops, Sabine Pass, Texas. Routing instruction manuscript at lower left "Please forward immediately." No evidence that  the cover was forwarded. The addressee is in the records as Lewis Grissom Scoggins (1822-1874). He joined the 3rd Cav Batt Texas State Troops in late 1863. The regiment was mustered out in early 1864 and saw no combat. Some period staining at the lower left corner, but otherwise Very Fine. $400.00
TX334

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 38 (4-Margin with just a little gum toning at the top edge) tied by a weak strike of the Belton, Tex CDS 1 JUN (1862) with a second stronger strike of the same CDS to the left. Adveristy Cover as the stamp was affixed directly over the embossing of a 3c Red Star Die. The stamp has been lifted and moved to the left so that the Star Die can be demonstrated. Addressed to Mrs. Junius W. Smith, Fort Worth Tarrant County, Texas via Dallas. The adressee was the wife of a prominent attorney in the area. Covers referenceing both Fort Worth and Dallas together at this time are very scarce as the major town in the area during the war was Weatherford in Parker County. Cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise a Very Fine Adversity Cover. Ex-Kramer. $900.00
TX335

"Paid 10" manuscript with a full strike of the Bonham, Texas CDS 28 AUG. Small commercially made Lady's type cover with an embossed floral design at the left. Trans-Mississippi use to Mrs. M. A. Avery, Acworth, Cobb County, Georgia. Erosion hole in the floral design which is unobtrusive, otherwise a very clean appearance. $300.00
TX337

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin with an extremelt minor margin fault at the lower right corner) tied by an unusually clear strike of the New Braunfels, Tex CDS 1 DEC. Blue paper folded cover (lettersheet with the letter part of the cover removed)  addressed to J. H. Thurmond Esqr, San Antonio (Texas). Very Fine. $325.00
TX340

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) canceled and tied by the manuscript postal markings "Fairfield Tex Apl 5." Somewhat obscure use from Freestone County. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Dr. Benj F. Blackmon, Co A Timmon's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address was Waul's Texas Legion commanded by Col Barnard Timmons (1835-1884) from Sept 1863 to the end of the war. The unit was guarding the Texas coast stationed at this time at Galveston. Benjamin Franklin Blackmon, although a doctor, served as a private in the Legion. Cover is complete and clean and shows only a little edge wear. $300.00
TX341

CSA #12 (AD) (margins tight top and bottom) tied by the Austin, Tex small double circle CDS (date not fully apparent but receiving docketing dates the cover to 6 JAN 1865). Military Address to Col Ben Allston, Ins. Gen, T.M.D (Inspector General Trans-Mississippi Department), Shreveport, La. Benjamin Allston (1833-1900), an 1853 graduate of West Point, was a South Carolina rice planter and an Episcopal minister. Beginning in March 1861, he had service in a number of different units (cavalry) and was promoted Colonel 5/15/1862. He was captured as a POW at Harrodsburg Kentucky 10/10/1862 while commanding the 3rd Brigade of Tennessee Cavalry and was exchanged 12/4/1862. He later joined General Kirby-Smith's staff as the Trans-Mississippi Department Inspector General. Very clean cover reduced slightly at the left. $250.00
TX343

Turned Cover from the Neblett Correspondence - First Use (inside) Galveston, Tex (stamp missing) to Wm H. Neblett Esqr, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Second Use (outside)_ CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (margin tight at right) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co, Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf (same unit at TX342 above) commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Very Clean Cover. Ex-Hill. $350.00
TX345

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 4 DEC (1863). Folded Letter complete written on blue lined notebook paper and addressed to Col S. M. Noble, Nacogdoches, Texas. The letter is from Capt W. F. Thompson and is part personal and partly deals with the disposition of conscripts. Sebron M. Noble was the Lt Col of the 17th Tex Cav. Col Noble was killed-in-action at the Battle of Mansfield (Louisiana) 4/8/1864. The Battle of Mansfield was part of the Red River Campaign when Union forces attempted to capture Shreveport, La. W. F. Thompson was Captain of Co C 17th Tex Cav. No further record. Very Fine folded letter. $250.00
TX346

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin but with pre-affixing faults) tied by the small single rim Sabine Pass, Tex CDS 2 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Celina Duncan, Liberty, Texas. Sabine Pass was an important military site on the Texas coast near Port Arthur and the site of two battles (1862 and 1863) when the Union forces attempted to invade Texas but were beaten back. Cover most likely from a soldier in the area to his wife at home. The cover is complete but shows light foxing, edge and corner wear, and a sealed edge tear at the lower right. Still a presentable cover with a scarce Texas postmark. $400.00 
TX347

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 23 (margins irregular with pre-affixing faults and gum staining at the lower right) tied by the small single rim Uvalde, Tex CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Miss Vicroria Cliett, Prairie Lee PO, Caldwell Co., Texas. Cover with sealed edge tears at the right. Despite the stamp faults and the sealed tear, the cover has an overall very clean appearance and is very presentable with a scarce Texas postmark. The CSA #4 stamp is not commonly seen used in Texas. $400.00 
TX348

CSA #1 Stone 1 Olive Green (not plated) (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching partial strike of the Bastrop, Tex CDS to the left 8 JAN 1862. Addressed to R. J. Palmer, Millican, Texas. Cover is clean but shows some edge and corner wear with a minor old repair at the top edge. Ex- VanDyk MacBride with his unsigned notation on the reverse. $250.00
TX349

Stampless Soldier's "due 10" manuscript with no other postal markings. Endorsed at top left "H. A. Keenan 5th Texas Regt Co (D) Robertson's Brigade, Hood's Division." Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smither, Huntsville, Texas. The 5th Tex Inf was an ANV unit. Therefore, the cover originated either in Virginia or perhaps in East Tennesse after the Battle of Chickamauga. The regiment was part of Robertson's Brigade for only a limited time May 1863- Sept 1863 which narrows the date for this cover. The 5th Texas Regiment operated its own military express service beginning in 1862 (Edey's 5th Texas Regiment Express). Pvt Edey, who operated the service, devised printed lables for the service which are very scarce with the latest recorded use in October 1862. Pvt Edey was wounded and captured as a POW at Gettysburg. The service was possibly carried on after Edey's capture by Sgt W. U. Bayles. More about this on Page 265 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover, which is most likely not long after the Fall of Vicksburg, may have used the regimental express service with the cover handcarried by a soldier across the Mississippi and then posted somewhere on the other side of the river where the "due 10" manuscript was applied for delivery on to Huntsville, Texas. But a postmark was not applied. This cannot be proven without a postmark, but appears to be the most likely scenario at this time. Pvt W. A. Keenan was accidentally wounded in the ankle at Darbeytown Road (Va) 10/7/1864 and granted a wound furlough to return home to Texas but never returned and was ultimately declared AWOL. The regimental Sergt-Major was J. M. Smither who was wounded in the head at Chickamauga but survived the war. Perhaps Pvt Keenan sent this cover back to Huntsville, Texas to a Smither relative to inform them that the Sergt-Major had been wounded. Top edge wear and part of top back flap missing. Very interesting cover which could benefit from further Texas research.    $400.00
TX354

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin) tied by a partial but recognizable strike of the small double circle Austin, Texas CDS 18 MAY. Green paper cover addressed to Doct John Moore, Henderson's Mills, Greene County, Tennessee. Very minor reduction at the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
TX355

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor edge gum toning) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Hem(p)stead (Texas) Mar 4, 1865." Folded Letter Complete (appears to be business related) addressed to T. W. House, Houston, Texas. Dateline of the letter and period receiving docketing all confirm the late 1865 use. The addressee was a wealthy Houston banker and businessman and served as Mayor of Houston in 1862. The letter is written on blue lined notebook paper roughly torn at the left, but the letter is completely intact. $350.00
TX357

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin just in at the top) Pen-Cancel and tied by a pen stroke and manuscript "Flora Texas May 8 (1862)." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs Mary J Cheek, Weatherford PO, Parker Co., Texas. Very obscure use. Flora, Texas in Smith County (northeast Texas) was established in 1843 and a post office opened in 1849. Flora is listed as a CSA post office but does not appear in the new CSA catalog. The area thrived for awhile but went downhill with the Civil War, and Flora, Texas became a Ghost Town in the 1870's. This is the only cover I have ever seen from Flora, Texas. Unknown how many there are buried in Texas collections, but there cannot be many. Minor edge wear at the bottom, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. Old CSA Certificate from 1968 signed by Morris Everett. $750.00
TX358

Stampless cover with a weak but recognizable strike of the Caldwell, Tex CDS dated 7 DEC (1861) and handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A all in BLUE which is listed in the CSA catalog as an unsupported listing. This cover certainly supports the listing. Folded plain lettersheet (the page with the letter has been removed some time in the past) addressed to Rev Joel T. Daves, Waco, Texas. The addressee was the pastor of the Waco Methodist Church at the beginning of the war. Very clean cover. $200.00
TX360

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Jacksonville, Texas April 14th (most likely 1864)." Addressed to E. H. Brooks, Logansport, La (not Trans-Mississippi). Very Fine. $250.00
TX363

CSA #98xu3 Galveston, Tex Stampless PAID 10 Provisional with somewhat weak but recognizable strikes of the postal markings (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Susan E. Scott, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. "Lake Creek Box" at lower left of unknown significance. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading for 2 cases of sardines, 18 coils of rope, and 25 bags of coffee shipped from New York and bound for Lavaca, Texas. Very clean cover.

The cover is part of the Scott-Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson as the addressee was married to John Newton Scott (no record of Confederate service) who was the brother of Lizzie Neblett.
$1,500.00

Two Galveston, Tex stampless provisional covers CSA #98xu2 from the same well-known Neblett Correspondence about one month apart. The covers were sent by William Henry Neblett (1826-1871) home to his wife "Lizzie" Scott Neblett. William Henry Neblett enlisted as a private in Co I 20th Tex Inf 3/9/1863. The unit essentially spent the war guarding theTexas coast at Galveston. In December 1863, Pvt Neblett was detailed to the Adjutant General's Office in Galveston. The Neblett Correspondence is well documented and contains quite a number of different covers between Galveston and Anderson including provisionals. Both provisional covers are adversity made from the same used Galveston ship's Bill of Lading form.
TX324

CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1994 CSA Certificate.
$1,500.00
TX364

CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1997 CSA Certificate. $1,500.00
SOLD

TX366

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with handstamp (Due) 10 without a postmark. Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Austin County, Texas. Endorsed at upper left "From J. P. Osterhout Adj 4th Inf ST." The handstamp "10" is similar to the Army of Tennessee field (Due) 10 mark Type ATN-07. However, it is not an Army of Tennessee mark. Very Fine, Ex Bleuler, Ex Kaufmann.

John Patterson Osterhout (1826-1903) enlisted as a private in the 4th Tex Inf State Troops 12/1/1863. This was a 6 month militia regiment that disbanded in early 1864. The unit remained in Texas and was not part of the Army of Tennessee. Most likely the cover originated somewhere in Texas wherever the unit happened to be as there are several Texas towns that had a similar "10" handstamp. A detailed biography of John P. Osterhout is included with the cover.
$200.00
TX367

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with handstamp DUE 10 without a postmark, Addressed to Mrs. Pamela Ann Holebrook, Woodville Post Office, Tyler County, Texas. Endorsed "From Samuel H. Holebrook in Co B 17 Consolidated Reg Dismounted Cavalry, Texas." Minor edge wear, otherwise Very Fine Ex Myerson.

The 17th Tex Cav has a complicated history. The regiment was dismounted in April 1862, and most of the regiment was captured at Arkansas Post 1/11/1863. After exchange, the regiment ended up consolidated with a number of other units through to the end of the war. The regiment remained in the Trans-Mississippi, and later with the Army of Tennessee. The "DUE 10" handstamp is not a listed Army of Tennessee soldiers due field mark. The cover is undated, and the "DUE 10" mark, which is not particularly distinctive, could have come from almost anywhere in the Trans-Mississippi where the regiment happened to be. No information on the soldier who sent the cover. Certainly bears further research.
$200.00
TX369

Stampless cover with the San Antonio, Tex PAID integral CDS Type B and handstamp PAID 5 23 DEC (1861) all in RED. This San Antonio red PAID 5 handstamp is an unlisted use in the new CSA catalog. Military Address to Captain E. C. Wharton, Army Depot, Houston, Texas. Capt E. C. Wharton was a quartermaster at the Houston Army Depot and Chief of the Texas Clothing Bureau during the war. Original Letter is enclosed which is a lengthy letter from a wife to her husband. The contents of the letter confirm the 1861 date. Minor stain and edge fault bottom center. Letter with a few fold separations sealed with archival tape. Full and strong strikes of the postal markings. Very scarce Texas CSA postal use.
$600.00
TX370

Stampless cover with the Victoria, Tex CDS and a handstamp PAID 5 Type B (the "5" is well struck, but the PAID is only partially struck just to the left of the "5") 5 SEP 1861 all in RED-BROWN. Blue paper Folded Letter Complete (no war or political content) which confirms the 1861 date. Addressed to J. W. Caldwell Esq, Petersburgh, LaVaca County, Texas.Very Fine. Ex-Deaton, Ex-Hill. $450.00
TX371

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with no postmark and a handstamp (Due) 10. Adversity Cover made from a printed unused army form addressed to Mrs. Mattie Duff, Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas. Endorsed at top right "From Geo W. Duff Co A Browns Regt." The printed form is double sided, so part of the printing is on the outside of the cover. The top back flap has been resealed, and the cover has not been cut for display. The unit in the address is the 35th Tex Cav commanded by Col Reuben R. Brown. This unit was organized in September 1863 and assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department spending its time mostly within Texas and then in 1864 in Louisiana. Since there is no postmark and no enclosure, there is no indication of the exact origin of the cover. The "10" handstamp is quite generic, so it could have come from anywhere. Given the unit's history, the cover most likely originated somewhere in Texas or Louisiana. The "10" handstamp was not applied on arrival in Columbia as it is not consistent with the "10" handstamp listed as used in Columbia, Texas. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

George Washington Duff (1839-1890) (listed as a lawyer in Columbia, Texas, on the 1860 census) entered service as 1st Lieut of Co A 35th Tex Cav on 9/1/1863 when the regiment was formed. After the war, he returned to Columbia and is buried there.

Reuben Robinson Brown (1808-1890) came to Texas in 1835 and fought for Texas independence with a very colorful history during the War for Texas Independence. At the time of the Civil War, he owned a plantation near the mouth of the Brazos River. He had service in several units before getting his own regiment (35th Tex Cav) in September 1863. A detailed biography of Reuben Robinson Brown is included with the cover.
$550.00
TX372

Stampless Paid cover with the San Antonio, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type E 19 DEC. Addressed to Mrs. G. W. Kendall, Boerne, Texas. Minor reduction at the top where opened, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee, Adeline de Valcourt Kendall (1830-1924) was the wife of George Wilkins Kendall (1809-1867), born in New Hampshire, who was a prominent journalist and author. He co-founded the New Orleans Picayune newspaper in 1837 and is considered the first American modern war correspondent for his coverage of the Mexican War 1846-1848. He also had an extensive sheep ranch operation in the vicinity of Boerne, Texas which he established in the 1850's. They had three sons, but none were old enough to have served in the war. His efforts led very much to the growth and development of the Texas county in which he lived that the county was named Kendall County in his honor in 1862.
$350.00
TX373

Stampless Paid cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 (postal use is not listed in the current CSA catalog) 31 July (1861). Folded Letter Complete which dates the cover to 1861. Addressed to G. W. Sentell Esq, Collinsburgh, La (Bossier Parish). The letter is fragile with interior fold splits sealed with archival tape and insect damage with nibbling at the top center.

George Washington Sentell (1823-1895) was a prominent merchant in Bossier Parish, La and aslo owned cotton plantations in Louisiana and Arkansas. The letter is from his brother John B. Sentell (1820-1873) and is datelined "China Grove July the 29th / 61." The letter talks about the crops (expecially cotton) and how poor the crops are this year because it is so dry and hot and other family news with no political or war references. What is interesting is that China Grove, Texas, is in Bexar County just east of San Antonio which is a long way from Jefferson, Texas, in Marion County in northeast Texas. The letter was apparently handcarried from China Grove to Jefferson (400+ miles) where it was mailed to continue on to Collinsburgh, Lousiana. (only about 55 miles from Jefferson, Texas).
$350.00
TX374

USA #26 with a Grid Cancel and the matching small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS at the lower left 5 FEB 1861 (four days after the Texas Ordinance of Secession was passed). Addressed to Miss Fannie H. Fletcher, Granville, Licking County, Ohio. Lady's stationery cover with edge embossing around the flaps on the back. Very Fine.

This cover illustrates a problem in current Texas Confederate collecting. Texas passed the Ordinance of Secession on 1 FEB 1861 which was appoved by the people by a referendum vote on 23 FEB 1861 to take effect 2 MAR 1861. Texas joined the CSA 5 MAR 1861. Texas historians, perfectly aware of the language of the ordinance, have long held that 1 FEB 1861 was the de facto date of secession because with the passage of the ordinance, Texas began immediately to act like a seceded state (sending representatives to the Confederate provisional congress, seizing federal property, taking steps to oust Unionist Governor Sam Houston etc). Texas joined the CSA on 5 MAR 1861. All prior Dietz CSA catalogs have included February 1861 as part of the USA Used in Independent (seceded) Texas period and recognized 1 FEB 1861 as the date of secession. That changed with the new CSA catalog. It was decided to literally interpret the Ordinance of Secession and totally drop February 1861 from the USA Used in Independent Texas period. This limited that period to only three days 2-4 MAR 1861 with the date of secession changed to 2 MAR 1861 which is technically correct. But that did not sit well with many Texas postal history collectors and is not in accord with most Texas historians acceptance of the 1 FEB 1861 date. So Texas collectors simply have to choose what they want to collect as the controversy continues. This is still a scarce use from February 1861 and in my opinion should be considered as part of the Confederate period for Texas (perhaps best described as a transitional period) as it is after the Ordinance of Secession was adopted by the state legislature.
$300.00
TX375

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Austin, Tex CDS 25 OCT. Coarse borwn paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Mrs Elisabeth P. Holt, Matagorda, Matagorda, Texas. Minor reduction at the left where opened and a repair to the left lower corner. Very clean appearing cover Ex-Powell. $150.00
TX376

CSA #11 (AD) (margin close on the left) tied by the Bonham, Tex (Fannin County) CDS 1 MAY. Yellow paper cover addressed to Col. B. H. Epperson, Clarksville, Texas. Minor edge wear at the bottom left. Very clean cover.

Benjamin Holland Epperson (1821-1878) was a prominent Texas politician and businessman who came to Texas from Mississippi in 1847. He settled in Clarksville and practised law. The title of "Col" was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. He was elected to the Second Texas Legislature in 1847 and ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1851. In the 1850's he became involved with the proposed Memphis, El Paso, and Pacific Railroad, and by 1860 he was one of the richest men in Texas. A staunch Unionist, he worked to keep Texas in the Union and advised Governor Sam Houston to accept the troops offered by Lincoln in March 1861. When secession became a reality, he did support the Confederate cause. He continued to be active in politics after the war and moved to Jefferson, Texas in 1871. He built his home in Jefferson known as the House of the Seasons which can still be seen today and is open to the puiblic for tours and is an operational bed and breakfast.
$300.00
TX377

Stampless cover with the Eagle Pass, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate ) Type A  OCT (1864). Addressed to -- Rosenberg, Esq, Houston, Texas. From the same family correspondence as TX378 below. This is a cross-border folded letter datelined "Matamoros 28 September 1864." The letter originated in Matamoros, Mexico, and was carried most likely under a separate cover to Monterey, Mexico, (the usual transfer point in Mexico to Eagle Pass) as there are no other postal markings and no forwarding agent's mark and then on to Eagle Pass from Monterey. Or less likely the cover was carried privately directly from Matamoros cross-border to Eagle Pass and may or may not have transited Monterey. The letter entered the Confederate mail in Eagle Pass for delivery to Houston. Brownsville, Texas, the usual transfer point from Matamoros was occupied by the Union November 1863 - July 1864, and cross-border mail was routed further west through Monterey and  Eagle Pass. Scarce cross-border use from Matamoros to Houston (possibly via Monterey) and via Eagle Pass. The letter is lengthy and written in old German 19th century script which has not been translated, so have no idea what is in the content of the letter. The letter was also written on thin letter paper and is fragile with multiple areas of ink erosions (some reinforced with archival tape) secondary to the acidic ink of the period.  Best to leave the letter folded and avoid too much handling.

The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
$500.00
TX378


Stampless cover with the Victoria, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 16 SEP (1862). Addressed to C. Rosenberg Esq, Houston, Harris Co., Texas. From the same family correspondence as TX377 above. Folded letter in English from the addressee's cousin. The letter is lengthy about family matters and traveling to Brownsville. Thin letter paper commercially made with an embossed crown stationer's mark at the upper left corner, but multiple pieces of the letter are missing. The missing pieces of the letter are not noticeable when the letter is folded.

The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
$250.00
TX380

Stampless cover with the small single rim Lockhart, Tex CDS with an 11 OCT 1864 date and manuscript "Paid 10". Addressed to C. Brockman Esq, Col(lector) Dis(trict) 90, Fredericksburg(h), Texas. Folded Letter written on lined notebook paper which is a listing of land valuations for tax assessments. Minor toning and foxing, but still quite clean. $275.00
TX381

CSA #1 Vert Pair Stone 1 Position 45 (top stamp) and Position 5 (lower stamp) (Margins just in at right and close at bottom with several transient printing flaws CC1-1-v7.) The vertical pair of stamps straddles the upper and lower transfer panes and therefore demonstrates the horizontal narrow gutter between the two transfer panes. Stamps are tied by the Jefferson, Tex CDS 25 JUN (1862). Stamps pay the double weight rate. Addressed to Mrs Mary E. Wilcox Care of Genl Knox, San Antonio, Texas. A pair straddling the narrow gutter between the upper and lower panes is not cataloged in Scott or the CSA catalog for the Stone 1 stamp. Very clean cover.

"General" William B. Knox (1825-1880) was both a pre-war and a post-war sheriff of Bexar County, Texas, and an influencial politician of his day. The title of "General" must have been honorary as no military connection was found.

Mary Emily (Donelson) Wilcox (1829-1905) was the sister of General Knox' wife. Her father was Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799-1871), a nephew of President Andrew Jackson and the President's Private Secretary. She was the first child actually born in the White House. She has a very extensive history herself being a relative of President Andrew Jackson. Her father was a Vice-Presidential candidate in 1856. She was married to Colonel John Alexander Wilcox (1819-1864) in 1852. The rank is from service in the Mexican War. Colonel Wilcox was himself a prominent politician having served as the Secretary of State of Mississippi before relocating to Texas. He represented Texas in the First Confederate Congress. He died of apoplexy at his home in San Antonio in 1864. Colonel Wilcox was the brother of CSA Major General Cadmus Wilcox. The families on this cover have quite an intertwined and extensive and very interesting history that could easily be researched further.
$800.00
TX382

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the RIMLESS Brownsville, Tex CDS 23 MAY. Addressed to Miss Mary E. Compton, Chapel Hill, Washington County, Texas. Sealed tears and a repair at the top center not involving the stamp, postmark, or address. Cover still with a very decent appearance. This cover is from my own original personal collection that was broken up in 1993. $250.00
TX383

Stampless cover with the Anderson, Tex CDS and manuscript "Due 10" 20 AUG.  From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Miss Cornelia T. Neblett, Navasoto, Grimes Co., Texas. Endorsed at left "R. Neblett member of Co D Youngs regiment." The soldier was Pvt R. M. Neblett of Co D 12th Tex Inf (also known as the 8th Tex Inf and Young's Regiment) commanded by Col Overton Stephen Young. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade. Very Fine. $400.00
TX384

Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type B 24 JUN (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. This cover is the listing cover for the Type B illustration in the new CSA Catalog. Minor clip to the lower left corner, otherwise a very clean cover with excellent strikes of the postal markings. $425.00
TX385

Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID with 10(ms) Type A 10(ms) 26 DEC (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. Advertising Cover as the CDS is struck over lightly embossed oval advertising "Powell & Bro Merchants Jefferson City, Texas." Very clean cover. $350.00
TX386

Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type B 5 JUN (1861). Very early use only 5 days after the establishment of the Confederate postal service. From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. Top back flap missing, and some edge gum staining at the top center. $200.00
TX387

USA Star Die with the Jefferson, Tex CDS 16 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA Texas. Addressed to Stephen M. Cartwright Esq, St Augustine, Texas. Period docketing at the top relates to the original contents which are no longer with the cover. Slight period ink stain in the address. Top back flap missing. Still a clean appearing cover and a scarce use. $250.00
TX388

Turned Cover --

First Use (inside) -- Commercially made Mourning Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings with a Military Address to Mr. G. D. Stuart, Care of Capt Peck, Waul's Legion, Nacodoches, Texas. At the top in a different hand is "8th Tex Inf Hawe's Brigade" which most likely identifies the source of the cover with one soldier writing to another. Therefore, this first use may have been carried by military courier. Since it is a Mourning Cover, it very possibly announced the death of a relative. This is speculative but not beyond the realm of possibility. The 8th Tex Inf (also known as the 12th Tex Inf) was attached to Hawe's Brigade beginning in early 1863 and extending into 1864. William D. W. Peck was Captain of Co D Waul's Texas Legion of Cavalry. That would date this use to at least early 1863.

Second Use (outside) -- The cover was refolded and used again with the black border on the inside. Second use is a stampless Soldier's Due 10 with the small double circle Marshall, Tex CDS and handstamp (Due) "10" Type F dated in early JUL 1863 (year date inverted in the CDS). Addressed to Mrs. J. T. Stewart, Fairfield, Texas. Endorsed at left "J. T, Stewart Sergt in Co "H' 28th Regt Tex Cav (DM),  Walkers Division." The regiment was dismounted and converted to infantry in September 1862 and was never remounted. At the time of this cover, the unit was in the Vicksburg area attempting to relieve the siege but was not involved in the Vicksburg surrender. The unit's mail was routed through Marshall, Tex. A short history of the unit accompainies the cover.

One back flap is missing. Minor reinforcements to the back flap attachments from the reverse with nearly invisible archival tape. Opened for display. Very clean cover and a remarkable Texas soldier's use of a turned Mourning Cover.
$600.00
TX389

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by a somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the small double circle Marshall, Tex CDS with a MAY date. Light coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Saml F. Mosely Esq, Jefferson, Texas. Very Fine appearing cover. $225.00
TX390

USA Star Die with Patent Lines with the small single rim Linden, Tex CDS 19 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Texas. Addressed to Mr. Sam H. Quinn, Falcon PO, Columbia County, Ark. The cover is dated one day after Arkansas joined the CSA. The cover shows some soiling, some edge tears, and has been repaired along the right side where opened roughly. Certainly the cover has problems, but currently this cover is belived to be the only recorded example of US postage used from this Texas town during the Confederate period and is the basis for the CSA Catalog listing. Ex-Camina Texas Postal History Collection. $400.00
TX391

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Velasco, Tex CDS 31 MAR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith, Huntsville, Texas. Very clean cover. $200.00
TX392

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 35 (margin touches at the left) tied by the usual partial strike of the Houston, Tex CDS 18 APR (1862). Orange paper cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas. Very Fine, Ex-Tate. $400.00
TX393

Stampless cover with the small single rim Jasper, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C 26 NOV (1861). This is a woodcut handstamp of which only very few examples are known. From the well-known Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence with the usual filing pin holes. Very clean cover. Unsigned note on the back by Van Dyk MacBride, Ex-Kohn, Ex-Camina. $400.00
TX395

Stampless cover with a full bold strike of the Wheelock, Texas (full name of the state spelled out in the postmark) and manusctipt "Paid" no rate 30 June (1864). Folded letter written on blue-lined notebook paper and datelined "Port Sullivan Tex June 28/ 64." One page letter dealing with taxes. Addressed to W. T. Ballinger, Houston, Texas. Wheelock is a scarce Texas CSA postmark from Robertson County. Very Fine. Ex- John Hill. $550.00
TX396

Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim New Danville, Tex CDS 26 JUL (1861) and manuscript "Paid 5cts." Addressed to John T. Hardie & Co., New Orleans, La. New Danville in Rusk County was an obscure Texas post office established in 1852 and closed in 1873. That area is now a ghost town. Top back flap missing, minor reduction at the top, and minor ink erosion in the address. Still a very clean cover. This cover is the listing cover for the New Danvile, Tex, CSA catalog listing. Ex-Camina. $275.00
TX397

Two Texas Stampless PAID Covers --

First Cover - Hallettsville, Tex CDS (Lavaca County) 23 MAY with handstamp PAID in a circle Type A (no rate). Addressed to G. D. Gay Esqr, Lattington  PO, Bee Co., Texas. CDS partially struck off the cover, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Camina.

Second Cover - Handstamp PAID in a circle (same as the Type A in the first cover but somewhat overinked) with a manuscript "10" but no postmark. From the Carroll Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Why no postmark is a mystery as this is not a drop letter. It has been suggested by a notation on the reverse that it may have gone by ship, but there is no way to confirm that. The address would date the cover to late 1861 or early 1862 before the fall of the city. Today's road mile distance Hallettsville to New Orleans is less than 500 miles but must have been more than 500 miles in 1861-1862 by the postal routes to account for the 10c rate.  Minor reduction at the top, otherwise Very Fine.

The two covers are offered together as the first cover confirms that the second cover is also from Hallettsville, Texas.
$575.00
Two
Covers
TX398

USA #26 pen-cancelled and manuscript postal markings to the left "Pleasonton, Texas May 16th 1861" USA Used in CSA Texas. Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs. Richard Logan, Halifax C(ourt) House, Virginia. Obscure use from Atascosa County, Texas, south of San Antonio Trans-Mississippi to Virginia. Unobtrusive edge repair at the upper left not affecting anything. A very clean appearing cover. $300.00
TX399

Stampless cover with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 5 AUG 1862. The date in the CDS is clearly 1862 which means the cover is either underpaid or quite possibly there is a date error in the CDS. By August 1862, the rate was 10c for any distance. Orange paper cover addressed to T. M. Jackson Esq., Columbia, Texas. Small reduction at the right. Exceptionally clean cover. $300.00
TX400

Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim Jasper, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type D 28 DEC. Military Address to Lieut G. R. Niles of the "Bartow Artillery", Camp Jasper near Savannah, Georgia. Adversity Cover made from heavy lined notebook / ledger paper. Small clip to the upper left corner, otherwise Very Fine.

Very interesting that a cover would have both Jasper, Texas (1835), and a Jasper, Georgia (1853), connection as both Jaspers were named after William Jasper, a hero of the Revolutionary War who was killed planting an American Flag at the Battle of Sullivans Island in Savannah in 1779.

George Riley Niles (1832-1906) entered service as a Corpl in Co A 60th Ga Inf 8/21/1861. He was transferred to Co A 22nd Ga Siege Heavy Artillery (Bartow Artillery). He was promoted 1st Sergt 12/28/1861 and elected 2nd Lieut 1/16/1862, promoted 1st Lieut 3/25/1863, and Capt 1/16/1864. He was paroled with the Army of Tennessee 4/28/1864 at Greensboro NC. The unit served mainly on the Georgia coast. After the war, he resided in Griffin, Georgia, as a businessman and merchant. No connection could be found between the addressee and any family members or relatives in Jasper, Texas. Since there is no enclosure, it is unknown who would have sent this cover from Jasper, Texas, to Camp Jasper, Georgia.
$500.00
TX401

Stampless PAID cover "Capts Mill Texas Jan 20th / 62 Paid 5" (Hayes County) all in . Addressed to Miss Lizzie Johnson, Bethel PO, Texas. Orange paper cover with edge wear along the bottom and a sealed corner fault at the lower left.

This cover is an incredibly scarce Texas use and was believed to be the only CSA use from this post office, but there is at least one more. I did as good a search as I could and found an 1860 pre-war cover from Capts Mill. I also found an 1863 Capts Mill CSA use but in terrible condition with missing stamps. Both covers were in different auctions some years ago. The cover offered here and the other two are all from the same correspondence addressed to Lizzie Johnson. Of the two confirmed CSA covers from Capts Mill, this is by far the better condition of the two. The other cover has not been seen in years.

Capts Mill is a listed CSA post office in Hayes County but is not listed in the CSA Catalog. Capts Mill was founded in the 1850's by Luis Capt who built a dam and a grist mill there. The mill washed away in a flood in 1867, and the settlement was abandoned in the 1870's but was later developed as Bear Creek, the name by which the area is known today. Thomas Jefferson Johnson and his family settled at Capts Mill and established a school there in 1852 known as the Johnson Institute. The school closed in 1872. Their daughter was Lizzie Johnson (1840-1824), the addressee of this cover. Lizzie (Johnson) Williams  later became quite well-known as the "Cattle Queen of Texas."
$750.00
TX402

Stampless PAID cover with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 9 FEB 1862. Addressed to Miss Ada Le Pert Care of Mr. N. Mayblum, Richmond, Texas. Cover with a little staining and foxing and reduced at the right due to a rough opening. $200.00
TX403

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) affixed sideways (margin just touches at the left and gum toning around the edge of the stamp) pen-cancelled and matching "Burkeville Texas April 13 1862" postal markings at the left. Obscure use from Newton County. From the Carroll Hoy & Co Correspondence. Usual filing pinholes. Date of the cover to New Orleans is 12 days before the fall of New Orleans to the Union on 4/25/1862. Very clean appearing cover. $300.00
TX405



Turned Cover -- Postal use between Brownsville and San Augustine, Texas, from the Watson Correspondence. This correspondence is quite well known and is the source of several of the extremely rare Beaumont, Texas, provisional covers. Very clean cover opened for display.

1st Use -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an almost rimless example of the Brownsville, Tex CDS (date not fully apparent).  Addressed to Mrs. Mary P Watson, San Augustine, Texas.

2nd Use -- Stampless PAID use with manuscript postal markings "San Augustine (Texas) April 26 65 Paid 10." Addressed to Mrs. Maggie L. Watson, Brownsville, Texas. Very late use 17 days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox on 4/9/1865 and the very day that the remnants of the Army of Tennesse surrendered at Greensboro NC.
$500.00
TX406

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS 21 MAR (most likely 1864). Folded letter addressed to Mrs Mollie A. Brown, Seguin, Texas. Very clean cover.

Only the second page of the letter (could benefit from a transcription) is present the first page having been removed some time in the past. From the content of the letter, this is from a soldier in camp at Galveston writing home to his wife. The last paragraph at the end is written to "Dear Joe" who is not identified. The letter is signed "Sanford Brown." Sanford Brown (1832-1916) is listed on the Federal Census of 1860 as a farmer in Guadalupe County, Texas. Further records indicate that he entered service as a Private in Co K 8th Tex Inf 2/1/1863. The regiment was assigned to East Texas. After the war, Pvt Brown returned home and resumed his life as a farmer.
$300.00
TX407

Turned Cover -- Used between Chapel Hill, Tex, and Hempstead, Tex, both ways. Very clean cover missing a bottom back flap. Has been folded out for display.

First Use (outside) CSA #11 (AD)
4-Margin but close at the top and the right) tied by the Chapel Hill Tex CDS FEB (1865).  Addressed to F. J. Cook, Hempstead, Texas.

Second Use (inside) -
Handcarried outside the postal system addressed to J. E. Wallis, Chapell Hill, Tex. Period docketing in pencil on the handcarried use identifies the sender and confirms the 1865 use "F. J. Cook Feby 22 / 65." As F. J. Cook is identified as the sender, the second use must have been handcarried from Hempstead to Chapell Hill, a distance of about 13 miles between the two towns.
$300.00

TX408
4/10/2024
USA Star Die with a Grid Cancel and the small double circle Galveston, Texas CDS 23 MAY (1861). The CDS actually says 23 MAY 1860, but the 3c Red Star Die was not issued or available until late August 1860, so the date slug in the CDS is obviously an error. Addressed to David H. Ingersen Esq, East Plainfield, N.H. USA Used in CSA Texas to Union New Hampshire. Exceptionally clean cover. Note on the reverse signed by Brian Green. $300.00

TX409
4/10/2024
CSA #13 - Two covers with the 20c Green Bisect used to pay the 10c postage. One cover shows the upper diagonal bisect, and the other cover shows the lower diagonal bisect. The bisects are from two different stamps, not the same stamp. Both covers are from the same correspondence and tied accross the bisect by the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS. Both covers used on the same day 17 MAR (1865). Addressed to Mrs. W. P. Laughter, Dixie, (via Texana), Jackson County, Texas. Dixie was a very obscure Texas post office. Texana was the Court House of Jackson County.

First Cover - Upper Diagonal Bisect - Blue paper cover with a very clean appearance. Ex-Kohn, Ex-Matz.

Second Cover - Lower Diagonal Bisect - Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused Army form. Has not been cut or folded for display.  Endorsed at left "W. P. Laughter Sgt Major 2nd T C (Texas Cavalry)". Very clean cover. Molesworth note on the reverse. CSA Certificate 1982 signed by Morris Everett.

William Pearson Laughter Sr (1840-1900) entered service as a private in Co D 2nd Texas Cavalry 4/15/1861 and later rose to the rank of Sgt-Major. Pvt Laughter was with his unit as a member of the Army of New Mexico and took part in the unsuccessful Sibley Expedition of late 1861 into early 1862. Afterwards, the unit spent the rest of the war in Louisiana and Texas. The 1860 Federal Census lists his occupation as a 20 year old Attorney which is possibly incorrect as the postwar censuses list him as a farmer in Jackson County, Texas. In September 1864, he married Sarah Angeline Gertrude Kerr (1843-1868). Since the covers were sent by Sgt-Major Laughter to his wife in March, that dates the cover to a very late March 1865 use.

These two covers were reported together in a short article by Robert E. Baker titled "Two Classic Galveston Bisect Covers" which appeared in the August 1998 issue of the Texas Postal History Society Journal. In the article, the author misidentified the bisects as coming from the same stamp when they are from two different stamps and also misidentified the addressee by misinterpreting the handwriting. A copy of the article is included with the covers. These two covers belong together and will only be sold as a pair.
$2,750.00
Two
Bisect
Covers

TX410
4/10/2024
USA #26 (two singles arranged tete-beche foot-to-foot paying the double weight rate) tied together and to the cover by the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS 14 MAR (1861). Year of use confirmed by period receiving docketing at the left. Appears to be a somewhat crudely constructed homemade larger sized cover possibly using a newspaper wrapper to make the cover. Reduced a bit at left where opened. Addressed to Miss Fanny C. B. Grimes, Rocky Hill, Connecticut. USA Used in CSA Texas to Union Connecticut. Very clean appearing cover and an excellent postal use.

The original letter remains with the cover (four pages on blue lined notebook paper) and is datelined "Galveston Texas C. S. A." The writer begins by saying that he received that morning by post a 3 month old copy of the Hartford Daily Post newspaper (apparently the source of the wrapper from which the envelope was made) and that he was sending a copy of the Texas Advocate back to Miss Fanny (this would account for the double weight) who sent him the Hartford newspaper. The letter talks about the politics of the day and "abolition" referring to articles in the Hartford newspaper. The letter is signed only "Eldrige", and the writer addresses Miss Fanny as "Friend." The handwriting is somewhat difficult to read and would certainly benefit from a transcription.
$450.00

TX411
4/12/2024
CSA #12 (AD) (margin just in at the bottom) tied by a very weak indecipherable postmark. Small but complete Adversity Cover made from used blue line notebook paper which had been used to write a previous letter. The previous letter from which the cover was constructed can be seen both inside and outside. Addressed to Mr. J. E. Wallis, Chappell Hill, Texas. The original two page letter remains with the cover datelined "Fort Bankhead Sunday Dec 25th 1864" (Christmas Day). Very clean cover with some period arithmetic on the back. Excellent letter which would benefit from a transcript.

Fort Bankhead was constructed at the beginning of the war as part of the defenses of Galveston. This would indicate that the cover originated from the Galveston area, but the remnants of the postmark appear to be more consistent with Houston rather than Galveston. The letter is qute interesting and talks about celebrating Christmas as well as the current conditions at Galveston. The letter is signed by Henry A. Landes Co B 20th Tex Inf. The 20th Tex Inf (Elmore's Regiment) essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast at Galveston.

Henry A. Landes (1844-1919) entered service as a 17 year old private in Co B 20th Tex Inf in 1861 and served throughout the war rising to the rank of Orderly Sergeant. The only action that he saw was the Battle of Galveston 1/1/1863. The addressee, Joseph Edmund Wallis (1835-1902) was Pvt Landes' brother-in-law, and they served together in the same Company. John Crockett Wallis (1829-1872) was the Captain of Company B. After the war, Landes and the Wallis brothers formed a very successful wholesale grocery company, Wallis, Landes & Company, in Galveston which operated until 1902 when the company was dissolved. Landes was also active in Galveston city government serving as mayor beginning in 1905.

Excerps from the Letter --
It would take Barrels to hold the Whiskey that has been swallowed down on Galveston Island during the past two days...Co B paid the Yanks another Call on lst Monday...We went out the farthest vessels and had a good look at home. The sea was very ruff otherwise we would have had an opportunity of goin abourd of the Yanks vessels and getting apples, oranges, and newspapers, etc. Steamer Termigant ean into this port Thursday night. She reports that the Triton was lost at sea, on her outward trip from Galveston all on board are suppoe to be lost...J. R. Crockett (another soldier in Co B and a relative) leaves us tomorrow he has been detailed --- Soldiers Express Line, and will run on the Allytown Road...
$500.00

TX412
6/23/2024
Stampless Soldiers DUE cover with a weak but recognizable strike of the Houston, Tex CDS and handstamp (Due) 10 Type D. Addressed to Mrs. M. R. Bradley Care of  Dr. S. G. Grayson, Fairfield, Freestone Co., Texas. Endorsed at top right "L. D. Bradley Capt Co B 2nd Bat Waul's Legion." Advertising Cover with a large boxed printed corner card "Simmons & Bradley, Attorneys at Law, Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas." Small reduction at the right where opened not affecting anything. Very clean cover.

Lucius D. Bradley (1831-1886), a lawyer by profession with this cover advertising his pre-war law firm, entered service 2/1/1862 as 1st Lieut of Co I 12th Tex Inf. He was promoted Capt 4/14/1862 and transferred to the newly formed Waul's Legion (Cavalry). He was captured with his unit as a POW at the Fall of Vicksberg 7/4/1863 and paroled the next day 7/5/1863. Capt Bradley rejoined his unit after exchange when the unit was reorganized in Galveston, Texas, where he remained for the rest of the war. After the war, he served in the Texas State Legislature and the Texas Senate and also as a district judge. He married Mary Grayson (1838-1887) in 1859 and had nine children.
$400.00

TX413
6/23/2024
Stampless PAID cover with the GREEN San Antonio, Tex CDS and the handstamp RED PAID 5 Type C 13 NOV 1861. Beautiful two color strikes of the postal markings. The cover is from the well-documented Word Correspondence addressed to Miss Jettie Word, Palestine, Texas. This correspondence is associated with the New Mexico Sibley Expedition. Very Fine Appearance.

The Sibley Expedition and the Word Correspondence is described in detail with multiple illustrations in the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition Pages 388-392. This cover was sent from San Antonio when the Sibley Expedition was being organized just before moving to Fort Bliss in El Paso and embarking on the invasion of New Mexico as the Army of New Mexico. Illustrated on Page 392 of the Guidebook is an El Paso, Texas, cover from June 1862 at the end of the Sibley Expedition with the same handwriting as this cover. The handwriting identifies the sender as (Private) "J. J. Word, Capt Garner's Co, Steele's Reg, Sibley's Brigade" writing home to his sister.

John Jackson Word (1843-1909) enlisted as a private in Co I 7th Tex Cav 5/1/1861, a Sibley Expedition unit. After the Sibley Expedition, the unit remained in Texas and the Trans-Mississippi. No further information on Pvt Word's service. After the war, he married Katie Bowser in 1869 and lived in Palestine, Texas, serving as the Mayor of Palestine 1889-1891. The Federal Census of 1880 identifies him as a lawyer in Palestine.
$750.00

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Postal History Part 5

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