CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 1

Alabama -- Arkansas -- Florida


New Covers Added 14 SEP 2023

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
ALABAMA ARKANSAS FLORIDA



-- ALABAMA --

AL374

CSA #2b Paterson Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 20 OCT. Addressed to Mrs. A. M. Garber, Livingston, Ala. Part of backflap missing and a minor corner fault at upper left, but still a very clean cover with a Very Fine stamp. $350.00
AL426

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional (faults with irregular margin at the left which is along the top edge as the stamp is affixed sideways) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 13 DEC 1861.  Addressed to James Robinson Esq, Huntsville, Ala.  Expertly sealed backflap and top edge tears with an equally expert edge repair at the top right. $750.00
AL442

USA Star Die with the Summerfield, Ala CDS 4 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Alabama.  Addressed to Mr. James W. Evans, Jackson, Alabama.  Part of backflap missing and backflap opening tears, but still an overall Very Fine appearance. $250.00

AL446

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just a little close at the top) tied by the Mobile, Ala small double circle CDS 12 JAN (most lilely 1863). Adversity Cover made from an unused printed Mobile cotton shipping form. From the Muldrow Correspondence addressed to W. C. Muldrow Esq, Tibbee Station, Miss. The addressee, William C. Muldrow was the brother of Henry Lowndes Muldrow (1837-1905) who very possibly sent this cover to his brother. Henry L. Muldrow, a lawyer by profession, was the Lt Col of the 11th Miss Cav. Col Muldrow had prior service as a Captain in Co C. 14th Miss Inf. After the war, he had a distinguished political carreer serving in the Mississippi State Legislature and the US Congress as well as serving as a trustee of the University of Mississippi. William Cannon Muldrow, the older brother, inherited and operated the family plantation. He first enlisted in Co C 14th Miss Inf in 1861 (same unit as his brother) and soon was promoted Captain of the Company. He was captured as a POW at Fort Donelson and confined for nine months at Camp Douglas until exchanged at Vicksburg. In 1864 when the 11th Miss Cav was organzied, Capt Muldrow transferred to his brother’s unit and served as Lieut and later Capt of Co H 11th Miss Cav. After the war, Capt Muldrow continued to farm and run the family’s plantation in Mississippi. Just a little minor water staining but still a very fine cover displayed flapped from the left and tied toa prominent Mississippi family. $300.00
AL451

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (margins a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Tuskegee, Ala CDS with a MAY date (not a commonly seen blue postmark). Addressed to Miss Bettie Scarborough, Mt Gillead (Gilead) NC.  Very Fine. $150.00
AL465

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Eufaula, Ala 28 JUL (most likely 1864) addressed to Mrs. John D. McCollough Care of Revd J. D. McCollough, Unionville, So. Ca. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) pen-cancelled with no postal markings to The Rev J. H. Cornish, Aiken SC. Period docketing at left “Summons to the Council Recd April 17th 1865.” The original enclosure is with the second use at dates the cover to Unionville SC April 8th 1865 which is the day before Lee’s surrender. The enclosure announces the meeting of the Diocesan Council (Episcopal) at Camden on May 24th next and is signed by Revd McCollough as the secretary. John DeWitt McCollough (1824-1900) at the beginning of the war served as the Chaplain of Holcombe’s South Carolina Legion. Very coarse paper homemade type adversity cover with very late useage from Unionville (now known as Union) the court house of Union County SC in mid April 1865. This part of northwest South Carolina was still under Confederate control at that time. Cover has been flapped up from the lower right corner to display both stamps. Very Fine. $450.00
AL466

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close at the bottom with a large upper sheet margin) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 25 JUL 1864. Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. Charles M. Wallace Care Mr. Wallace, Richmond, Va. Charles Montriou Wallace was a prominent Richmond merchant. Minor backflap opening tear. Very Fine cover. $125.00
AL467

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Mobile, Ala double circle CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Richmond, Virginia with the name of the addressee obliterated as was often the custom in the late 19th or early 20th Century when these covers first entered the collector’s market. Adversity Cover made from what appears to be a printed but unused bank form displayed flapped over from the top left. The display covers the part of the address that has been obliterated giving the cover a Very Fine appearance. $250.00
AL487

CSA #12f (AD) (perforated on left and bottom with straight edge top and right) tied by two strikes of the Demopolis, Ala CDS (one dated 10 JAN and the second dated 11 JAN). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. R. C. Pettigrew, Eutaw Green Cty, Ala. The stamp is from Postion 10 (right end stamp in the top row) as the top and sides of the sheet typically were not perforated. Accompanying the cover is a note from an old time stamp dealer, Robert Nelson, dated 11/23/1920 in which he states that he has seen such a full sheet of the perforated stamps with the top and sides not perforated and that the sheet was then owned by L. S. Knapp. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Bogg and with a Molesworth note as well. PF Certificate 1983. $1,000.00
AL492

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Selma, Ala CDS 3 JAN. Addressed to A. Jones Esqr, Columbiana, Ala. Minor staining upper right, light vertical file folds, part of back side flap missing. Still a very presentable appearance and quite a nice stamp.  $65.00
AL501
 
CSA #5 Position 49 (4-Margin with edge gum toning) tied by a full strike of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 26 OCT 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Evan Edwards, Abbeville SC. Backflap opening tears. Small sealed edge tear top center. Very clean appearing cover. $400.00
AL503

CSA #59xu1a Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 on PAID 5 revalued Handstamp Provisional with the provisional marks in RED. Montgomery, Ala CDS 10 JUL 1861. Addressed to Capt Jno W. A. Sanford, Norfolk, Virginia. John William Agustine Sanford (1825-1913) entered service as a private in Ch H 4th Ga Inf and transferred to the 3rd Ala Inf Batt Hilliards Legion where he rose in rank to Lt Col 6/25/1862. In Nov 1863, he was promoted Col of the 60th Ala Inf. After the war, he served as the Attoney General of Alabama. This is a cover front only which has been rebacked for preservation. The upper left corner has been repaired in the past including the top part of the postmark to a Very Fine overall appearance and can easily be exhibited. This cover is one of five recorded revalued examples and is pictured on Page 236 of the Crown Survey. PF Certificate 1976 which shows the cover prior to the left upper corner repair. Ex-Walcott, Ex-Brandon. $1,500.00
AL525

USA #26 tied by a bold strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 FEB 1861 USA Used in CSA Alabama one day after the formation of the Confederate government from the first capital of the Confederacy. Addressed to Mr. W. W. Boyce, Winnsboro, Fairfield Dist., South Carolina. Most of top backflap missing but a very clean cover with excellent postal use. $650.00
AL528

Soldiers (Due) 10 Type F with the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Jane S. Neely, Smiths Turnout SC. Endorsed at left “A Soldiers Letter Co A 42 Tenn Regt of Infantry (42nd Ten Inf).” Minor edge and corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
AL534

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin with just a little minor toning) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 10 OCT 1861. Addressed to Mrs. S. J. McPherson, Wheeler Garthwaite & Co, New Orleans, La. Complete cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything and period receiving docketing on the face of the cover. $1,000.00
AL535

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin but just a little close at the upper right) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 20 AUG 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Stephen Boullement Care of A. H. Hansell, New Orleans, La. Part of backflap torn away, just a little light foxing, and a small sealed edge tear at the upper left. Cover with an overall very clean appearance and a very nice stamp. $1,000.00
AL536

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 Provisional (T. Welsh PAID 5 mark in red) with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 SEP 1861. Addressed to Genl Daniel Ruggles, Pensacola, Florida. Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897) commanded briefly in Pensacola before going to New Orleans in early 1862 where he organized a brigade. He competently commanded a division at Corinth (Miss) in 1862. But afterwards his duties were administrative commanding departments and districts. He later became the Commissary General of Prisoners in March 1865 after the death of Gen Winder. Gen Ruggles was Massachusetts born but married into a Virginia family and made Fredericksburg his home and is buried there. Very Fine cover. Ex-Finney, Ex-Peters, Ex-Powell. $1,000.00
AL539

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a very minor short transfer at the upper right corner) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with a NOV 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. H. D. Boutwell, Eutaw, Ala. Very Fine. $250.00
AL542

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional Horz Pair (margins just touch at left center and bottom center) tied by two clear stikes of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 6 SEP 1861. Addressed to Henry S. Tuthill Esq, Huntsville, Ala. Minor edge wear and described with a sealed filing spindle hole in the center of the cover which is extremely unobtrusive. Very clean cover and an excellent example of a scarce pair on cover paying a double weight rate as the cover traveled less than 500 miles. PF Certificate 2012. $2,000.00
AL544

CSA #59xu9 Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 Provisional in Black with the Montgomery, Ala postmark dated 10 JAN (year not indicated). Believed to be one of four recorded examples of this Montgomery provisional marking. Addressed to Dr. R. H. Duggar, Talladega, Alabama. Dr. Reuben Henry Duggar (1837-1925) of Marengo County, Ala served in the Alabama Hospital Service during the war. The Hospital Service unit disbanded in Talladega, Ala in April 1865. The Duggar family correspondence is in the archives at the Auburn University Library. Period pencil docketing at left indicates that the original letter, which is no longer with the cover, was from a “Surg(eon) Michel.” Very clean cover.
$2,750.00
AL546

CSA #58x1 Mobile 2c Black Provisional (margin touches at the left and small nicks at the top margin) tied by the small Mobile, Ala double circle CDS 22 MAR 1862. Mobile Drop Letter addressed to Miss Maggie Marshall Care Mr. Wm T. Marshall, Mobile, Ala. Very minor reduction at the left and a backflap opening tear. Blue lined on the inside commercially made small ladies stationery. Notation on the back "12/27-88 Genuine Durbin & Hanes" The date is 1888. Durbin & Hanes was a prominent Philadelphia stamp dealership at the end of the 19th Century and apparently sold the cover in 1888. Very clean cover. Ex DK Collection.  $3,750.00
AL547

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an 1861 date. Addressed to W. R. Bill Esq, Aberdeen, Miss. Advertising Cover with a green embossed shield for Wm C. Strong & Co GROCERS in Mobile. Reduced at left just into the advertising. $1,500.00
AL551

CSA #11e (AD) Perforated 12 1/2 (4-Margin with perfs clearing on three sides with several blind perfs and the bottom being a straight edge) tied by the Mobile, Ala CDS 23 JAN (1864). Coarse brown paper cover which is an Adversity Cover made from a printed page (war restriction notice) which has not been flapped open for display. Addressed to Mrs. C. Montgomery, Sharon, Miss. Stamp would be from the bottom row as the edges of the sheet were typically not perforated. Part of bottom back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $900.00
AL555

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close at the top right) tied by the Selma, Ala (1863) CDS 22 JAN. Semi-Official Imprinted Cover "OFFICIAL. Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (Type WD-QM-14). The stamps were originally affixed over the imprint but have been lifted and hinged to the left in order to display the imprint. Addressed to A. T. Jones Esqr, Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. Cover with a little light staining at the right, but otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Wulfekuhler. $350.00
AL557

USA #26 tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS. Date is poorly struck but is either 2- MAR or MAY 1861 (USA Used in CSA Alabama). The date is most likely in March as the cover is addressed to the North. Addressed to Mr. Henry Richardson, M&M Bank, Troy NY. Very clean cover with just a little edge wear at the lower right. $125.00
AL560

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) affixed over the embossing of a USA Star Die (Adversity Cover) with the red rim of the Star Die seen at the bottom of the right stamp. The stamps are tied by the usual somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the Selma, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. Wm H. Allen, Louisburg, Franklin County, North Carolina. Clean cover. Ex-Bogg. $250.00
AL561

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close at the left) tied by a full strike of the Selma, Ala CDS 4 DEC. Addressed to Genl W. P. Bocock, Prest A & M RRR Co (Alabama and Mississippi Rivers Railroad Co.), Demopolis, Ala. Not sure of the meaning of the title "General," but it was certainly not associated with the Confederate Army and was most likely honorary. Semi-Ofiicial Imprint at the upper right "OFFICIAL Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (WD-QM-14) in the CSA Catalog). Very Fine.  $450.00
AL563

CSA #1 Vert Pair affixed sideways Stone 2 Positions 33, 43 (margin touches at the left) tied by three partial strikes of the Greensborough, Ala CDS 20 JUN (1862). Light brown cover with Military Address to Lieut Joseph Borden, 5th Ala Regt Comp D, 3rd Brigade Gen Rodes near Richmond, Va. Joseph Borden (1833-1905) began service as a Sergeant in 1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut in April 1862. The 5th Ala Inf was an ANV unit which remained with the ANV through to Appomattox taking part in all the major engagemets. No record of Lieut Borden's actual experiences, but he survived the war and is presumed to have been with his unit for the duration. Very clean cover. $400.00
AL564
 
CSA #10 Frame Line (4-Margin with full line at the bottom, most of the line at the right, and a small part of the left line at the bottom) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 21 MAY 1863. Addressed to Sam L. May Esqr Care of Bank of Tenn, Athens, Ga. Part of top back flap missing, but otherwsie a clean appearing cover and a nice representatve example for a general collection of the scarce frame line stamp on cover. $2,000.00
AL565

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 23 OCT 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. A. W. D. (cannot decipher the last name with certainty), Montgomery, Ala. Part of top back flap missing, sealed vertical edge tear at top right not affecting the stamp or the postmark, and a small sealed edge tear at the left bottom. Very clean appearing cover. $750.00
AL566

CSA #11 (AD) affixed sideways (margin a little irregular at the left) tied by a full bold strike of the Eufala, Ala CDS 15 SEP (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to J. M. Booker Esq, Lynchburg, Va. The original letter is with the cover but is difficult to read and appears to be business related. Clean cover signed "Dietz" on the back. $100.00
AL572

1st Use (outside) CSA #6 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by the same Montevallo, Ala CDS 21 FEB. Addressed to Dr. W. E. Rodgers, Montevallo, Ala (Overpaid Drop Letter). Turned Cover -- 2nd Use (inside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (right stamp significantly clipped with a scissors cut for some unknown reason prior to affixing) tied by a nice strike of the Montevallo, Ala CDS 24 FEB. Addressed to Mr. W. L. Long Care of Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. The cover was apprently refolded to display the first drop letter use on the outside with the second use three days later to Columbiana, Ala on the inside. Flapped up from the lower left corner to display both stamps and postmarks. Excellent use combining a Turned Cover with an Overpaid Drop Letter. Very clean cover. $250.00
AL575

Turned Cover - 1st Use (inside) Pre-War USA #26 (faults) tied by the Prattville, Ala CDS 5 APR (not dated as to year). Addressed to Miss Libbie Mims, Care E. D. Bartlett, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Somehow the cover made its way back to Prattville several years later for the 2nd Use (outside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (very coarse printing 4-Margin with a small lower sheet margin) tied by the same Prattville, Ala CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Lieut E. H. Davis, Company D 37th Regt Ala Vol, Chickamauga Station, Ga. The address would date the cover to NOV 1863. The Chickamauga Station post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. Could find no specific information on the soldier in the address as the initials may be incorrect due to the handwriting or the unit designations may be incorrect as sometimes occurred. Bears further research. Both uses displayed with the upper left corner flapped down. Interesting turned use with both uses from the same town. Very clean cover. $400.00
AL578

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Pollard, Ala CDS 10 MAR (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Charles H. Gingles, Fort Deposit, Ala. Very clean cover. $100.00
AL579

USA #26 (nice stamp) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 11 MAR 1861 (yeardate in the CDS) USA Used in CSA Alabama. Addressed to Mr. W.W. Boyce, Winnsboro, Fairfield Dist., So. Carolina. At the time of this cover, Montgomery was the capital of the Confederacy. Very Fine. $200.00
AL581

Turned Cover -- 1st Use: CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 11 OCT. Addressed to Mrs. George P. Scriven, Athens, Georgia. 2nd Use: CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (margins just a bit irregular) tied by the Valdosta, Ga CDS 17 JAN. Addressed to Mrs. Tom Scriven, Athens, Georgia. Small period ink erosion in the address. Small clip to the right upper corner. Cover has been unfolded but has not been cut for display. $300.00
AL582

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 13 (4-Margin) with the Tuscaloosa Star (AC-15A) Fancy Cancel and a partial strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS to the left 16 JAN (1862). “Tuscaloosa Insurance Company” boxed advertising corner card at the upper left. Addressed to Benjamin Trimble Esqr, Wetumpka, Alabama. Sealed backflap opening tears. Very clean cover. The stamp was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration for the Tuscaloosa Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A) on Page 376 of the new CSA catalog. The cover is also illustrated on Page 353 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover was originally offered as BE33 part of the Bush Exhibit and sold several years ago. The cover has been reacquired and is now available for sale again. $1,200.00
AL583

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ala CDS 26 FEB (1863). Light coarse brown paper homemade cover addressed to Mrs. Gracey Rounsavall, Summerville, Georgia.  The cover was sent by Pvt David Rounsavall of Co H 39th Ga Inf home to either his wife or his mother. Very light insignificant file fold near the top of the cover which does not detract from an Extremely Fine appearance. $300.00
AL585


Turned Cover -- First Use (inside) with manuscript postal marking "Shelby Sprgs Ala 24 AUG" but no rate and no evidence of a missing stamp. Addressed to Mr. John Holly, Central Institute, Coosa County, Ala. Coarse brown paper adversity cover which is undoubtedly homemade. Second Use (outside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by full strike of the Central Institute, Ala balloon CDS 8 SEP. Addressed to Mr. J. F. Conoley, Shelby Spring(s), Shelby Co., Ala. Very clean appearing cover with only minor corner wear. Has been opened so that the inside use can be seen. A very scarce Confederate college postmark.

Central Institute in Coosa County, Alabama, located 12 miles north of Wetumpka was started as a Baptist High School / College (male students) run by the Central Baptist Association 1854-1860 before being sold to a Professor Thomas C. Bragg (1826-1873). Bragg ran the school for a short time but abandoned his school later in 1861 (the school may have operated without him for a time as the history of the school is unclear) and raised a company enlisting some of his school boys which became Co D 17th Ala Inf with Thomas Bragg as its first captain mustering into service 9/17/1861. He resigned later in 1862 with no further record. The Central Institute had its own post office beginning pre-war and is listed on the 1862 register of US post offices and which continued to operate in the Confederate period for an unknown period of time. There is nothing left of the Central Institute today, and no town in Coosa County, Alabama, by that name.
$1,250.00
SOLD
AL588

USA Star Die with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Mrs. Mollie E. Austin, Elkton, Giles County, Tennessee C. S. Confederate States). From Confederate Alabama to still Union Tennessee. The use of C. S. in the address identifying Tennessee as a Confederate State is not correct as Tennessee did not secede until 8 JUN 1861 and did not join the CSA until 2 JUL 1861. Routing instruction at the lower left "via Montgomery, Alabama" suggests that the cover originated somewhere outside Montgomery and was carried into Montgomery for posting. Could be an unmarked "Way" cover but impossible to know without an enclosure. Very light water edge stain top right with a little scuff to the surface of the cover not affecting anything, otherwise a very clean appearing cover and a key date in Confederate philately. Ex-H. Green,Ex-Teffs. $1,000.00
AL589

Stampless Soldier's Due Cover with the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an early 1862 date and handstamp (Due) "5" Type E. Addressed to Mr. James H. Green, Mars Post Office, Bibb Co., Ala. Endorsed at left "J. C. Mathers a Corporal in Capt N. N. Clements Comp 1 Ala Betalion." APS Certificate 1989. Very Fine.

Can find no record of an Alabama soldier named J. C. Mathers, but that is not unusual. Capt N. N. Clements can only refer to Newton Nash Clements (1837-1900) who is listed as a Captain first in the 26th Ala Inf and then Captain of Co F 50th Ala Inf and later promoted Lt Col of the regiment. After the war, he served in the US Congress as a representative from Alabama. Based on this information, the endorsement is a bit confusing. But the unit in the endorsement may have been a state unit or a reserve unit early in the war and not a regular Confederate unit.
$275.00
AL590

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin) barely tied by the Montgoery, Ala CDS 25 MAR 1862. Part of the date and the "Ala" in the postmark have been overwritten with blue ink.which may or may not be period. Yellow paper cover with Military Address to Col Tennent Lomax, 3rd Regmt Ala Volunteers, Norfolk, Virginia. Very clean appearing cover and a Very Fine stamp.

Tennant Lomax (1820-1862), a lawyer by profession, served as an officer in the Mexican War and entered Confederate service as Lt Col of the 3rd Ala Inf 4/28/1861 and was promoted Colonel of the regiment 7/10/1861. Col Lomax was Killed-in-Action leading his regiment at Seven Pines (Va) 5/31/1862.
$400.00
AL591

CSA #2 Pat (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. R. F. Inge, Eutaw, Greene County, Alabama. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp.

The addressee was the wife of Richard Freer Inge (1830-1863, a lawyer by profession. He was most likely the sender of this cover. He entered service as a Captain in the 11th Ala Inf and was later transferred and promoted Lieut Col of the 18th Ala Inf (dates unknown). He died 9/23/1863 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Chickamauga a few days before.
$275.00
AL592

CSA #2 Pat (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Light pencil receiving docketing at left dates the cover to June 1862. Some restoration work to the top edge (which is actually quite well done) not involving the stamp or the postmark. Addressed to Mrs. W. D. C. Vaught, Canton, Miss. Still a very clean appearing cover even with the edge restoration and a very nice stamp.

The addressee was the wife of  William D. C. Vaught (b1835) who is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a "clerk" (merchant) in New Orleans. He entered service as a 1st Lieut in the La Washington Light Artillery Battalion (Slocum's Battery) 5/26/1861. This unit served in the Western Theater. He survived the war and is listed on the 1870 Federal Census as a merchant in New Orleans.
$200.00
AL593

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (almost 4-Margin with just a little nick in the margin at the bottom left) tied by the Demopolis, Ala CDS 14 MAY (1862). Light borwn coarse paper cover addressed in red ink to Mr. Gaius Whitfield Care Columbus Life & Genl Ins Co., Columbus, Miss. Top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $200.00
AL594

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin) tied by the Montgomery, Ala CDS 25 FEB 1862. Addressed to Honble J. J. Beauchamp, Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi. What is interesting about this cover is that there is a partial handstamp at top center which appears most consistent with the Thomasville, Ga PAID 5 provisional  handstamp, but it is not very clear. This would indicate that perhaps the cover was prepared in advance at Thomasville but never used and somehow made its way to Montgomery where the cover was ultimately used. This is speculation of course, but the partial handstamp certainly appears to be period and has nothing to do with the Montgomery postal use. The original back has been reattached to a very clean appearance with an Extremely Fine CSA #2 H&L stamp. $500.00
AL595

Turned Cover --

First Use -- CSA #7 Pair  (margin in at bottom left of the left stamp tied by the small double circle BLUE Tuskegee, Ala CDS 19 APR 1863 with a second strike of the same CDS to the left. Addressed to Mr. G. W. Campbell, Saltville, Va.

Second Use -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tie by the large single rim BLUE Tuskegee, Ala CDS (this Tuskegee CDS is not listed in the CSA catalog) 2 NOV (1863). Addressed to J. A. R. Hanks Esqr, Atlanta, Ga. The Hanks Correspondence is well known. Capt J. A. R. Hanks was the Asst Quartermaster for the State of Georgia.

What is interesting about this cover is that both types of the BLUE Tuskegee, Ala, postmarks are on one cover. Unexplained as to how the cover was returned to Tuskegee from Saltville to be used a second time from Tuskegee. One back flap is missing, and the cover has been opened for display. Some very minor soiling and a little corner wear.
$350.00
AL597

USA Star Die with patent lines with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 15 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA Alabama. Addressed to Mr. Geo F. Anderson, Waterloo, S. Carolina. Clean appearance. Back and inside used for arithmetic. $150.00
AL598

USA #26 tied by the Montgomery, Ala CDS with a MAR 1861 date (1861 is in the CDS) USA Used in CSA Alabama. Pink lined commercially made lady's stationery addressed to Mrs. W. W. Boyce, Winnsboro, South Carolina. Most of top back flap missing, but still a very clean cover.  Ex-Kaplan. $200.00
AL602

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 Provisional (T. Welsh PAID 5 mark in RED) with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 24 JUN 1861 (early use). Addressed to Miss Maggie Marshall Care Wm T. Marshall, Mobile, Ala. Bit of a partial strike of the provisional red PAID 5 mark. Professionally done small edge repair at the top center with reattachment of the original top back flap. Small sealed top back flap tear. Very clean appearing cover with a nice full strike of the Montgomery postmark. $550.00
AL604

CSA #58x2 5c Blue Mobile Provisional (margin touches at the top and a very nice deep blue color shade) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. John J. Walker, Choctaw Agency, Oktibbeha County, Miss. Edge repair at the top center not involving the stamp, postmark, or the address. Part of top back flap missing. Very clean appearing cover. $750.00
AL606

CSA #5 (Almost 4-Margin but but just in at the lower left with a little edge gum toning and a good rose color. GE of POSTAGE joined variety from Position 10 CC 5-v2) tied by a full strike of the Mobile, Ala CDS 26 SEP 1862. Addressed to Miss V. Pearson, Adams Store PO, Coosy (Coosa) Cty, Ala. Very clean cover. $750.00
AL607

CSA #4 (two singles) Stone 2 with left stamp plated as Position 35 and the right stamp shows the Gooseneck variety of Position 25 (CC 4-2-v7). Both stamps are 4-Margin but with a bit of edge gum toning tied together and to the cover by two strikes of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 12 OCT (1862). Addressed to Ernest Landry Care of Chas D. Barbot Esq, Charleston SC. Very clean cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover with just a little edge wear and light foxing. Nice use of the gooseneck stamp variety on cover.

The addressee was from a prominent Louisiana family and was serving with the Lousiana Battery of the 18th SC Heavy Artillery with the Siege Train Charleston Harbor defenses. Barbot was a prominent Charleston family with ties to the Louisiana Landry family. Extensive research on the family and on other items in the Landry Correspondence have proven that this is mail that was smuggled out of Union Occupied New Orleans (cover dated 6 months after the Fall of New Orleans) and then posted in Mobile. The New Orleans Landry covers with this cover used as an illustration are explained in detail in the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition on Pages 235-236. CSA Certificate 2009 confirming Genuine Smuggled Mail.
$1,500.00
AL608

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 Provisional (T. Welsh PAID 5 mark in red) with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 22 SEP 1861. Addressed to Col David A. Bozeman, Central Institute, Coosa County (Alabama). The Central Institute was a private Baptist High School in Coosa County. Could find no information on the addressee. Receiving docketing at left. Top back flap missing. Very clean cover. CSA Certificate 1993. $750.00
AL610

CSA #11 AD (margins a bit irregular with a clip at the upper right corner) tied by the Selma, Ala CDS. Coarse brown paper cover with a Semi-Official Imprint "QUARTERMASTER"S DEPARTMENT. [Official Business.]" This imprint is not currently listed in the CSA Catalog. Military Address to Capt J. A. R. Hanks, A Q M St Ga (Assistant Quartermaster State of Georgia), Atlanta, Ga. CSA Certificate 2002 "Genuine" but must have just been inadvertently overlooked for the catalog. Very Fine. $450.00
AL613

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Adversity Cover made from a used printed Mobile Steamboat Freight Form displayed flapped down from the top. Addressed to Mrs. Nancy T. Bohanan, McKinley PO, Marengo County, Ala. Very Fine. $250.00
AL615

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin in at the bottom) tied by the Montgomery, Ala CDS 6 DEC 1861. Blue paper cover addressed to Doct N. Rowell, Florence, Alabama. Clean cover reduced at left and part of left side back flap missing.  $150.00
AL616

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a large left sheet margin) tied by the Marion, Ala CDS  2 AUG. Addressed to Mr. Edward Stickney, Medical Purveyor, Macon, Georgia. Wallpaper Cover with a colorful floral design displayed flapped over from the right. Sealed back flap opening tear. Very Fine. Signed by Brian Green. $850.00

AL617
4/19/2023
CSA #3 (margin tight on the left and touching at the upper right corner) tied by the Montgomery, Ala CDS 24 DEC 1862. Blue paper cover addressed to Messers Patten Denigan & Co (Patton-Donigen), Huntsville, Ala (2c circular rate). The company operated a cotton textile mill in Huntsville. Cover has been cleaned and refolded. The stamp was removed for the cleaning and replaced in the original position and only very slightly out of allignment with the CDS. CSA Certificate 1997 confirms genuine circular postal use and the cover cleaning, refolding, and stamp movement. Very Fine Appearance Ex-Weil. $1,900.00

AL618
6/11/2023
CSA #11 (AD) (margin close at the top but with a small lower sheet margin) tied by the Jacksonville, Ala CDS with an OCT date. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie Gould, Demopolis, Alabama. Very clean cover. $100.00

AL619
6/11/2023
Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim Pickensville, Ala CDS with handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 2 OCT (1863). Folded Letter (business dealing with rental property) datelined "Pickensville, Ala Sept 30th 1863." Addressed to Mr. Washington Moody, Tuscaloosa, Ala. Washington Moody (1807-1879) was a prominent citizen of Tuscaloosa and a very successful lawyer and judge. Few internal folds reinforced with archival tape. Very clean appearing cover. $200.00

AL621
6/16/2023
CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 stampless provisional in RED 17 AUG 1861. Military Address to Col I. W. Garrot, Marion PO, Ala. Very light central vertical file fold not affecting the postal markings. Folded lettersheet with the page containing the letter removed. Very Fine. Ex-Zimmerman.

Isham Warren Garrott (1816-1863), a lawyer and politician by profession, was instrumental in forming the 20th Ala Inf and was commisioned Colonel of the regiment 3/9/1861. At the time of this cover, the regiment was in Alabama and later moved to Kentucky and then to Mississippi. At the Siege of Vicksburg, Col Isham joined a skimish line and was killed by a Union sharpshooter 6/17/1863. He was promoted Brig-Gen 5/28/1863 but confirmation of his promotion arrived from Richmond after he was killed. Receiving docketing on the back "J. W. Davis Aug 16 1861" referring to the sender is in Col (Brig-Gen) Garrott's hand.
$1,000.00

AL622
6/16/2023
CSA #11b (AD) Dark Blue (4-Margin but a little close on the left) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 29 JUN. Address a little light but still quite legible to Mrs. Barbara Simmons, Demopolis, Marengo County, Ala. Very clean cover. $125.00

AL623
6/16/2023
CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close on the left and touches at the upper right) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 27 APR. Addressed to Henry Norgrove Esq, Lexington, Virginia. Back flap opening tears. Very clean cover. $100.00

AL625
6/25/2023
CSA #7 Vertical Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by two strikes of the Mobile, Ala CDS 17 DEC. Folded lined letter sheet with the part containing the letter removed addressed to Mrs. C. A. Cole, Sheffield PO, Fayette County, Alabama. Routing instruction at bottom left "by the way of Col(umbus) Miss." Clean cover with interior folds reinforced with old style document mending tape. $100.00

AL626
7/7/2023
CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 4 (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 14 APR 1862. Yellow paper cover addressed to G. E. Sealey Esqr, Cushing PO, Alabama. Minor reduction at the left where opened. Extremely Fine Appearance.

Garrett E. Sealey of Cushing (Tuscaloosa County), Alabama, enlisted in Co F 41st Ala Inf 5/1/1862 (about 2 weeks after the date of this cover) when the regiment was formed and organized in Tuscaloosa,, Alabama. The regiment's first action was the Battle of Murfreesboro (Ten) 12/31/1862 - 1/3/1863. Pvt Sealey was wounded in that battle and reportedly died of his wounds not long after the battle (date not recorded). Cushing, Alabama, apparently no longer exists. No further information.
$475.00

AL627
7/7/2023
CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an AUG 1862 date. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Nannie P. Harris, Livingston, Sumter Co., Alabama. Very Fine. $500.00

AL628
7/9/2023
CSA #6 Vert Pair affixed sideways (small scissors cut bottom left and the top stamp with pre-affixing scuff and light crease faults) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 22 OCT. Addressed to Mr. Gaius Whitfield, Demopolis, Ala. On arrival in Demopolis, the cover was forwarded to Artesia, Miss, with the application of two strikes of the Demopolis, Ala CDS (one strike tying the stamps and the second strike to the left) with a NOV date. Forwarding fee paid in Demopolis noted by a manuscript "Paid 10." Gaius Whitfield (1804-1879) was a very wealthy planter in Marengo County, Alabama. Clean appearing cover with a repaired right lower corner. Still a decent representative example of a forwarded cover. $125.00

AL629
9/14/2023
CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 5 (4-Magin) with the Tuscaloosa "Star" fancy cancel (CC AC-15) and a partial strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS at top center 23 FEB (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Gaius Whitfield, Demopolis, Ala. Gaius Whitfield (1804-1879) was a very wealthy planter in Marengo County, Alabama. Overall University of Alabama College Cover (CC AL-07b without "Tuscaloosa"). Cover with some dark staining and soiling around the edges (left, right, top) and a minor reduction on the left where opened, but still a very presentable college cover with a magnificent stamp and an excellent strike of the fancy cancel.$700.00

AL630
9/14/2023
CSA #1 (stamp does not appear to plate to Stone 1 or Stone 2 so is very likely Stone A/B even though the color is a bit off and it is a somewhat dry printing) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and minor pre-affixing faults) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 10 DEC 1861. Addressed to Mrs A. R. Cates, Pleasant Hill, Ala. Advertising Cover with an a large illustrated printed corner card at the upper left "Teachers Exchange" with an Illustration of a World Globe on a stand (a business selling teacher and school supplies and other business products) in Montgomery, Ala. Cover is slightly larger than a standard cover and reduced somewhat on the left where opened just into the design. This design is not listed in the CSA Catalog. Very scarce design. Cover shows a little minor wear but still has a very clean appearance.$850.00


-- ARKANSAS --

Outside of Missouri and Kentucky, Arkansas is the scarcest of the Confederate state uses.
AR81

Handstamp PAID 10 with a partial strike of the Arkadelphia, Ark CDS with a JAN date. Adversity use of a USA Star Die envelope as the Star Die did not pay any postage. Addressed to Dr. Nathan Bozeman, Central Institute, Alabama. Dr. Nathan Bozeman (1825-1905) had a long career as an illustrious and celebrated surgeon. During the war, he was in Confederate service on the Examining Board of Army Surgeons. Cover with minor light foxing. Ex-Gallagher.

$350.00  
AR82

“Paid 10cts” in manuscript with the El Dorado, Ark CDS 26 NOV (1861) (day logos inverted). Orange paper cover from the Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Scarce Arkansas use from Union County. Very Fine Ex-Agre.   $550.00
AR85

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y (almost 4-Margin with a very small clip at the lower right corner and a worn impression) tied by the small double circle Little Rock, Ark CDS (date not fully apparent but appears to be MAR which would be 1863). Addressed to Mrs. M. E. McMahen, Burkeville PO, Newton County, Texas. The Stone Y stamp used in Arkansas is extremely scarce. $650.00
AR87

Stampless PAID 5 Type A with the Hillsboro, Ark CDS 12 OCT (1861). Military Address to Mr. Milton G. Keese, Bentonville, Benton Cty., Arkansas. Col Churchills Regiment, Capt Jones Co G 1st Ark Mt Rifles. Small commercially made lady's type stationery cover blue lined on the inside. The addressee was the 2nd Lt of Co G 1st Ark Mounted Rifles commissioned on 6/1/1861 (no further record). Thomas James Churchill (1824-1905) was the Colonel of the regiment and was promoted Brig-Gen 3/4/1862 and Maj-Gen 3/18/1865. After the war, Churchill served as psotmaster of Little Rock, as the Arkansas State Treasurer in the 1870's, and as The Governor of Arkansas 1881-1883 resigning due to irregularities (missing funds) in the state's accounts when he served as the state treasurer. J. J. Jones was the Capt of Co G (no further record). Minor sealed edge tear top center, otherwise a clean cover and a scarce Arkansas use. $650.00
AR89

Stampless Columbia, Ark CDS with handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 12 JUN (1861). Adversity Cover 3c Red Nesbitt Postal Stationery envelope (USA #U10). Cover is from the Carroll, Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Minor central vertical file fold, otherwise Very Fine. $700.00
AR92

Stampless cover “Osceola Ark Nov 25 (1861) Paid 5” all in manuscript with an added handstamp “Due 5” of the type used in Memphis, Ten Type G. The “Due 5” handstamp was added in transit as the cover was apparently underpaid most likely secondary to weight and not distance. Orange paper cover with full Military Address to Capt Elliot H. Fletcher Jr Care of Lt Col Marmaduke, 1st Arkansas Battalion, Hindman’s Brigade, Bowling Green Ky. Bolling Green Ky was under Confederate occupation at this time. Other than some minor staining at the upper left and a slight reduction at the left not affecting anything, the cover is very clean and shows absolutely excellent postal use with a significant military history.

The 1st Ark Inf Bat at this time was part of the army occupying portions of Kentucky. The unit was redesignated 12/61 as the 18th Ark Inf and then in early 1862 as the Confederate 3rd Inf with John S. Marmaduke as the Colonel. Marmaduke was later  promoted Brig-Gen and Maj-Gen and was the one who killed CSA Brig-Gen L. M. Walker in a duel over a personal matter later in the war. A short biography of Gen Marmaduke (1833-1887) accompanies the cover. The addressee, Capt Elliot H. Fletcher along with his 16 year old brother, were both Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Shiloh 4/6/1862.
$850.00
AR94

Stampless cover with the small single rim Hamburg, Ark CDS and manuscript "Due 10" 15 AUG. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mollie Slemons, Monticello, Drew Co., Arks. The cover went through without a soldier's endorsement, but the cover was sent by Col W. F. Slemons of the 2nd Ark Cav home to his wife. Minor reduction at the right where opened and light staining at bottom center and upper right, otherwise a very clean appearing cover.

William Ferguson Slemons (1830-1918), a lawyer by profession, was first Major and then Colonel of the 2nd Ark Cav. In 1863 and 1864, he commanded a brigade in the Trans-Mississippi but did not receive a promotion as Brig-Gen. On 10/25/1864, Col Slemons and most of his unit were captured at the Battle of Mine Creek (Linn County, Kansas during Gen Sterling Price's Missouri Campaign). Col Slemons was confined as a POW for the rest of the war first at Johnson's Island (Ohio) and then at Rock Island (Illinois). He was the last prisoner to leave Rock Island at the close of the war because he refused to take the Oath of Allegiance, and General Grant paroled him back home to Arkansas.  After the war, he resumed the practice of law in Monticello and served as a US Congressman from Arkansas 1875-1881. He also served as an Arkansas State Court Judge.
$550.00
AR95

Stampless cover with the small single rim Austin, Ark CDS with an OCT (1862) date and a manuscript soldiers "Due 10". Endorsed at left “Theophilus Perry 1 Lieutenant Brown Co Rendel Regiment” and addressed to his wife Mrs. Theophilus Perry, Marshall, Harrison Co., Texas. This is a coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover with a little light foxing and staining and sealed back flap opening tears. The cover still retains an overall very clean appearance and has a very scarce Arkansas postmark.

The unit is Co F commanded by Capt Phil Brown of the 28th Tex Cav commanded by Col (later Brig-Gen) Horace Randal. Lieut Perry was later promoted Capt of the company. The 28th Tex Cav was dismounted in 1862 and fought in campaigns in Arkansas and western Louisiana. The letters between Capt Perry and his wife Harriet are quite well known and have been published. Unfortunately, Capt Perry did not survive the war as he was Killed-in-Action at Pleasant Hill 4/9/1864 (Red River Campaign).
$700.00
AR96

Stampless cover (soldier's due) with a full strike of the small double circle Little Rock, Ark CDS and manuscript "Due 5" 8 JUN 1862. Folded Letter addressed to Miss Susan E. Shropshire, Granview, Johnson Co., Texas. Endorsed at left "B. N. Shropshire, Far(r)ier in Company A, Commanded by Capt Sanders, Col Sweets Regiment, Johnsons Brigade." The letter is a short poem titled "Forget-Me-Not." The notation indicates that it was composed and written by the soldier to his niece.  There is one internal fold split, a small unobtrusive edge tear at top center, and the bottom of the lettersheet has been cut off. But the letter is complete with nothing missing. Very clean cover with a very Fine overall appearance. Two former collector owner's handstamp initials on the back - E.H.W. (Ernest H. Wyche) and J.R.S. (unidentified). The cover is also Ex-Kaufmann.

Benjamin N. Shropshire entered service as 2nd Lieut of Co A 15th Texas Cav 3/1/1862 commanded by Capt (later Major) Valerius P. Sanders. The 15th Texas Cav was dismounted in July 1862 and fought the remainder of the war as an infantry unit. George H. Sweet (1830-1911) was promoted Colonel of the regiment 4/1/1862. The regiment was captured at Arkansas Post 1/11/1863 and exchanged a few months later. It is interesting that the soldier identifies himself in the endorsement as a "farrier" which is someone who cares for the horses (particularly the horses hooves). Not a position occupied by an officer. So the assumption is that he may have lost his commission and been reduced to the ranks. But there is no further record.
$425.00



-- FLORIDA --

Florida is the next scarcest state usage after Arkansas.
FL158

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 24 DEC (1861) (Christmas Eve Cover). Addressed to Miss Marian Presbury, Early Grove, Marshall County, Mississippi. The addressee was the daughter of Rev Willard Presbury, the rector of St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church in Early Grove, Miss. Unable to identify the sender who most likely was a friend or relative in a Mississippi unit in the Pensacola-Warrington area. Backflap opening tears with a sealed top center edge tear. Still a very clean appearing cover. $350.00
 FL163

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin but close on the right) tied by the Monticello, Flor CDS 19 NOV. Addressed to Miss J. E. Conrad, Harrisonburg, Rockingham, Va. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise a very clean cover. $325.00
FL164

CSA #12d (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Quincy, Flor CSA 1 MAR. Addressed to Col David C. Barrow, Athens, Ga. The addressee was a Georgia planter and plantation owner. The “Col” title was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Cover with a little edge wear across the top and minor reductions right and bottom not affecting anything. Overall a very clean appearance with a nice stamp and Florida postmark. $300.00
FL167

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just touches at left) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 23 JUL. Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Maj Lamar Cobb, Macon, Georgia. Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) was the son of CSA General and former Georgia Governor Howell Cobb. Lamar Cobb entered service as a private in Co B 2nd Batt Ga Inf in April 1861 and was soon appointed Sergt-Maj of the 16th Ga Inf. In Sept 1862, he was commssioned as 1st Lieut (promoted Capt in June 1863 and Maj in December 1863) and served on his father's staff as an ADC and AAG. Very Fine cover. $350.00
FL168

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 23 JAN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover with a Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Brig Genl Howell Cobb, Quincy, Fla. Howell Cobb was a major political figure of the day. Former Speaker of the US House of Representatives and former Governor of Georgia and former Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan, Howell Cobb was a founder of the Confederacy and served as the President of the Secession Convention in 1861 as well as President of the Provisional Confederate Congress until he resigned to join the military reaching the rank of Major General in September 1863. He was also a serious candidate for the Confederate presidency but was defeated by Jefferson Davis. Very Fine Cover. $350.00
FL170

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor toning at the upper left corner) tied by an exceptionally nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 18 JUN. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the University of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine cover. Note on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride. Very Fine, PF Certificate 1982. $350.00
FL172

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with a partial strike of the Monticello, Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Hon Wm E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Adversity Cover made from a ruled unused Ledger Page with the ruled lines both on the inside and the outside of the cover. William Ephraim Smith (1829-1890) was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. At the beginning of the war, he served as a lieutenant (later captain) in the 4th Ga Inf until 1863 when he was elected as a representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he served as a US Congressman from Georgia 1875-1881. Very clean cover. $500.00
FL173

Handstamp PAID 5 Type D with the Pensacola, Fla CDS 13 AUG (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine. $250.00
FL176

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 14 APR (1864). Addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the Univeristy of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a very fine cover. $325.00
FL178

CSA #1 Stone 2 Plated as Position 26 (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom with a little minor gum toning) tied by a full strike of the Pensacola, Fla CDS 10 MAR (1862). Orange paper cover address to Mrs. M. E. Conoley, Selma, Ala. The sender was Lt Col John F. Conoley (1811-1883) of the 4th Ala Infantry Battalion (consolidated shortly after this letter was written into the 29th Ala Inf) a Gulf Coast unit that was in Pensacola at this time. John F. Conoley was promoted Colonel of the 29th Ala Inf on 12/9/1862. The 29th Ala Inf later joined the Army of Tennessee in 1864 and fought from the Atlanta Campaign through to Bentonville. Cover with a very clean appearance. $600.00
FL180

Gainesville, Fla Handstamp PAID 10(ms) 22 MAR. Wallpaper Cover with a fancy geometric pattern in Green, Light Blue, and Red displayed flapped up from the bottom. Military Address to Capt T. B. Fraser, Sumter District, S. Carolina. Captain Fraser was the Quartermaster for the 9th SC Inf. Very Fine Wallpaper Cover from the Briggs Collection. Wallpaper covers from Florida are quite scarce with only about a dozen or so in the Briggs Census. $1,800.00
 FL182

Ocala, Fla "Paid 20cts" with Handstamp PAID (double weight rate) 19 NOV (month inverted). Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James B. (cannot decipher the last name), Barboursville, Orange Co., Va. Minor edge and corner wear. The only recorded example of an Ocala, Fla "Paid 20" according to the Briggs Census. Ex-Briggs Collection. $550.00
FL184

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 17 NOV 1862. Use is well after the fall of the Pensacola-Warrington area to the Union in MAY 1862 and represents use from Pollard, Ala as the Warrington postmaster fled north to Pollard (just across the state line north of Pensacola) where he continued to service army mail using the Warrington, Fla postmark at least into NOV 1863. Small ladies cover with floral "Happiness" embossing around the sides. Addressed to Miss Jane H. Hallman, Jena, Tuscaloosa Co., Ala. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. Ex Briggs Collection. $1,800.00
FL191

Turned Cover - First use (inside) Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. James M. Troy, Monticello, Florida. Second use (outside) Monticello, Flor Handstamp PAID 10 Type C  21 SEP. Addressed to Mr. William M. Jones, Dixie, Brooks County, Georgia. Very clean cover. $375.00
FL193

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 14 JUL. Addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. Turned Cover with the inside use all in manuscript from Quitman, Ga Jun 28 Paid 10 to Mr. David McMullen, Sanderson, Fla. David J. McMullen (1835-1896) from Brooks County, Ga (Quitman was the Court House of Brooks County) enlisted as a private in Co I 2nd Fla Cav 3/26/1862. Private McMullen took the cover he received from his home town, turned it, and used it to send a letter to his girl friend Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884) in Madison Court House, Florida, whom he married in 1866.  Cover shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $275.00
FL195

CSA #11 (AD) (very small margin nick at top left) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS with a JUL date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Part of back side flap missing, edge wear, and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL196

CSA #11 (AD) (stamp with small edge faults at top right corner) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 28 JUL. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Cover is complete but shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL197

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a much better than average strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 26 DEC. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. C. Glenn, Danielsville, Georgia In Care R. E. Hitchcock. Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything. $225.00
FL199

CSA #11 (AD) (margin touches at left) tied by the Madison, Fla CDS 6 JAN. Addressed to Mr. J. Mason Pilcher, Box 899, Richmond, Va. Turned Cover with the inside addressed to Miss M. Ellen Pilcher Care Dr. B. J. Du Val, Madison, Florida. The inside use is an attorneys printed advertising corner card "Chiles H. Ferrell, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Halifax Court House, VIRGINIA." The Advertising Cover corner card on the inside has been flapped out for display. The stamp for the inside use was affixed over the corner card but is now missing. A remnant of the Richmond, Va postmark can be seen over the advertising. $450.00
FL200

CSA #1 (stamp has an upper sheet margin and does not plate to Stone 1 or Stone 2 and therefore must be Stone A/B) (margin touches at left center with gum toning) tied by a partial strike of the Warrington, Fla CDS (date not apparent). Addressed Mrs Laura B. Clanton Care of Mrs S. Clanton, Como, Panola County, Mississippi. Routing instruction at lower left "via Mobile & Jackson Less than 500 Miles."  Cover roughly opened at the top not involving the stamp or postmark and repaired to a very presentable appearance. $150.00
FL202

Stampless Pensacola, Fla handsatmp PAID 5 Type D 25 JUN (1861) early use. Addressed to Mrs. Wm P. Duncan, Box No 621, New Orleans, La. Possibly sent by a Louisiana soldier home to a wife or mother but unable to identify the sender. Top backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $275.00
FL204

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Tallahassee, Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. Very clean cover.

The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the University of Georgia libraries.
$250.00
 FL205

CSA #12 (AD) Opaline Blue (margin just a little clipped at the left upper corner) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 25 SEP (1863). Cover from the Cobb Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Lamar Cobb, Athens, Geo. Very clean cover.

The cover is from Major Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) home to his wife. Major Lamar Cobb was a staff officer and AAG to his father Maj Gen Howell Cobb in Quincy, Florida.
$250.00
 FL206

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin in at the left and with small faults) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap (not damaged in opening) and tied by a very weak strike of an indecipherable town CDS (date not apparent). Coarse brown paper cover with a Military Address on the face of the cover to Mr. George W. Glenn, Quincy, Florida in care of Capt J. H. Til(l)er, Echols Artillery. On arrival in Quincy, the Quincy, Flor CDS 1 APR was applied to the front of the cover with a manuscript "Due 10." It is apparent that the Quincy postal clerk did not notice the stamps on the reverse and treated the cover as unpaid by assessing "Due 10" postage. Minor reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything. Minor staining, otherwise a very clean cover.

Echols Battery Ga Light Artillery was assigned to the Department of  South Carolina and Florida and was engaged at the Battle of Olustee in February 1864. Sgt G. W. Glenn was a member of Co C commanded by Capt John Hopson Tiller (1827-1900). Capt Tiller was from Oglethorpe, Ga, and the unit was raised in that area. So it is safe to assume that the cover originated from that part of Georgia.
$300.00
 FL207

CSA #12c AD Greenish-Blue (margin irregular into the design on the right) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 27 JAN. Addressed to Miss Catherine McGeachy, St Pauls NC. Cover with a repaired lower right corner and reduced at the left where opened. Small piece missing from the top back flap which was used for the corner repair. Very clean appearing cover.

Catherine McGeachy (1835-1923) had a boyfirend, Duncan Alexander Buie (1833-1918), who served as a Sergt in the 3rd NC Artillery. They would marry after the war in 1866. His unit was never assigned to Florida but was in the Wilmington Cape Fear region of North Carolina. So his presence in Lake City, Fla cannot be confirmed. The addressee also had a brother, John David McGeachy (1842-1899), who served as a private in the 51st NC Inf. This unit was an ANV regiment and was never in Florida, so he could not have been the sender of this cover.
$150.00
 FL208

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 18 APR (1865). Coarse brown paper cover, which appears to be homemade, addressed to Mrs. J. W. Robertson Care of Dr. E. M. Allen, Cuthburt, Ga. Routing instruction at the lower left "via Albany." The original letter remains with the cover from the addressee's husband which confirms the 1865 yeardate. In the lengthy letter, the husband attempts to comfort his wife during hardships. The letter does have somewhat of a frantic tone to it, but it is difficult to read the handwriting. Would benefit from a transcription. Very late use nine days after the Appomattox surrender, and is currently believed to be the latest recorded Confederate use from Florida. The cover is listed in the Briggs Census in his book on Florida Civil War postal history. This is the first time this cover has been offered for sale in almost 30 years. Ex- Morris Everett. Very clean cover. $1,500.00
SOLD
 FL209

Stampless cover with a partial strike of the small single rim Newnansville, Fla CDS with handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 20 JAN (1862). Addressed to Messers Spain, Richardson & Gay, Sumterville SC. Very clean cover with the original letter which is a short business letter datelined "Newnansville, Fla Jan 20/62" concerning a court case. Cover not listed in the Briggs Census. $350.00
 FL210

Stampless cover with the St Marks, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 26 JAN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover with a light pencil address to Capt W. E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Clean appearing cover. Six Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, William Ephraim ("Tete") Smith (1829-1890), was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. He entered service 4/28/1861 as a Lieutenant in Co E 4th Ga Inf and promoted Captain 4/28/1862. He was severely wounded at King's School House (Va) also known as the Battle of Oak Grove which was the first of the Seven Days Battles of the Peninsula Campaign 6/25/1862. His wound resulted in the amputation of his right leg. He was discharged from service 8/1/1862 due to his wound but recovered and was elected in late 1863 as a Georgia representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he continued the practice of law. He was elected to the US House of Representatives 1875-1881 and served later in the Georgia State Senate. This cover is from the time after his discharge from the army while he was home in Albany, Georgia, recovering from his amputation.
$250.00
 FL211

Stampless cover with the usual somewhat weak strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS  and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 2 DEC (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. O. L. Stephens, Thomasville, Ga.  Clean and complete cover. Twenty-nine Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census. $200.00
 FL212

Stampless cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 23 DEC (1861). This cover is the listing cover for the Type B PAID 5 illustration in the current CSA Catalog. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Thomas Jones, Thomasville, Geo. Unsigned notation on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride "Very fine - scarce marking (new listing next Dietz Catalog)." Very Fine. Only 2 Type B covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Lavinia Young Jones (1810-1891), was the wife of Thomas Jones (1802-1869), a wealthy Thomas County, Georgia, planter. Their plantation was known as "Greenwood."  The original Greenwood plantation home built in 1830 partially burned down in the 1960's but was rebuilt and is a favorite location for movies featuring plantation homes. They had a son, James Young Jones (1827-1877) who owned a plantation in Jefferson County, Florida, and who served in the Florida State Legislature and may have been the sender of this cover. Jefferson County, Florida, is just across the state line from Thomas County, Georgia.  Two sons served in the Confederate Army -- Thomas William Jones (1839-1894) Pvt Co B Cobb's Georgia Legion Infantry, and Henry Francis Jones (1841-1864) Lieutenant and Adjutant Cobb's Ga Legion Cavalry Killed-in-Action 6/13/1864 at the Skirmish of White Oak Swamp (Va) during the Siege of Petersburg.
$350.00
 FL213

Stampless cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 8 MAY with exceptionally nice strikes of the postal markings. Addressed to C. G. Griswold Esq, Att at Law, Richmond, Va. Period docketing indicates that the contents (no longer with the cover) concerned a court case. Very minor edge and corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. Only 4 Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census. $350.00
 FL214

Stampless cover with the Mariana, FLA CDS (dateless) and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. James J. Philips, Battleboro, North Carolina. Very clean cover. Seven Type A covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Dr. James Jones Philips (1798-1874), was a physician and planter in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. The correspondence between Dr Jones and his cousin Ethelred Philips (1801- 1870), a physician and planter located in Mariana, Florida, is extensive. This cover is from that correspondence. The Jones family papers are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapell Hill.
$250.00
 FL215

Stampless cover with an excellent strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5(ms)  10 AUG (1861). This Tallahassee PAID 5(ms) is listed in the current CSA catalog as unsupported. This cover certainly supports the listing. Addressed to Mrs. Ann W. Habersham Care of Robgt Habersham & Son, Savannah, Georgia. A little light staining at the right otherwise a very presentable cover. Cover PAID 5(ms) not listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Ann Wylly Adams Habersham (1795-1876), had a son Dr Joseph Clay Habersham (1829-1881), a graduate of Harvard Medical School, who served the Confederate Army as a Surgeon Major and as a Brigade Surgeon and later as a Post Surgeon at Savannah where he practiced medicine after the war. However, Dr Habersham was not the sender of this cover. The sender is not identified.
$300.00
 FL216

Stampless cover with the Madison CH, FLA CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 10 APR (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. James B. Newman, Barboursville, Orange, Va. Thirty-one Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census. $250.00
 FL217

Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type D 21 JUN (1861). Addressed to Mrs Joseph Lorde, Monmouth, Natchez, Mississippi. Top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. Fifty-eight Type D covers listed in the Briggs Census. $250.00
 FL218

Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type E 16 AUG (1861). Addressed to Mrs. Wm P. Duncan, Box 621, New Orleans, La. Minor back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. Only 5 Type E covers are listed in the Briggs Census. $300.00
 FL219

Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type F 5 JUL (1861). Addressed to Mrs. E. C. Young, Cartersville, Georgia. Cover with a little edge and corner wear and a little light foxing. Small reduction on the left. Thirty-one Type F covers in the Briggs Census. $150.00
 FL222

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Monticello, Flor CDS 27 JUL. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. John W. Hopewell, Staunton, Va. Very Fine. The Briggs Census lists only 5 covers with the CSA #11 stamp and the Monticello, Flor postmark. $400.00
 FL224

Stampless cover with the Warrington, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 3 NOV (1861). Addressed to Mrs. J. D. Alison Care of Capt R. S. Hatcher, Cahaba, Ala. The Briggs Census lists 85 type B covers from Warrington. Very clean cover.

Capt Robert S. Hatcher (1802-1872) was a very wealthy planter in Dallas County, Alabama. He was active in politics serving in the pre-war Alabama State Legislature and the Alabama State Senate. The origin of the designation of "Captain" is not known. Given his age, there is no record of his having served in the Confederate Army.
$225.00
 FL226

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tie by a much better than average strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 14 JUL. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Jas H. Parker Esq, Enfield, No. Carolina. Very clean appearing cover with part of back flap missing and used to perform an edge repair at the upper left. The repair is quite well done and very unobtusive. The Briggs Census lists 20 covers from Tallahassee with the CSA #11 stamp.

James Harvey Parker (1823-1899), the addressee, is listed in the Federal Census of 1860 as a very wealthy planter in Halifax County NC.
$125.00
 FL228

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Madison C. H., Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Mary Cumming, Warthens Store, Washington Co., Georgia. Very clean cover. Ex-Gallegher. The Briggs Census lists 17 covers from Madison Court House with the CSA #11 stamp.

The cover was sent by Hospital Steward David R. Cumming (1831-1904) of Washington County, Georgia, to his mother.  David R. Cumming (1831-1904) enlisted as a Hospital Steward (date not given) and had service in the "12th GA Batt Light Artillery" which was assigned to the Department of South Carolina and Florida. His tombstone in Warthen, Washington County, Georgia, says "MD."  He graduated from the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta in 1859 but did not serve as a doctor or a surgeon. After the war, he farmed and practiced medicine in Washington County, Georgia.
$200.00
 FL232

CSA #7 two 4-Margin singles tied together and to the cover by the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS 19 AUG (1863). Orange paper cover from the well-known Winston Stephens Correspondence with Military and Railroad address to Capt Winston Stephens Co B 2nd Fla Cav, Harts Road Station, Fla R(ail) R(oad). The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course across the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. Minor sealed back flap opening tears. Very Fine.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864. Very Fine.
$1,600.00

FL234
4/25/2023

Stampless cover with a period manuscript "Paid 10" with no postmark and no manuscript postal markings other than the manuscript "Paid 10." The cover is from the well-known Florida Bryant-Stephens Correspondence addressed to Capt Winston Stephens, Camp Cooper, Florida. Most of the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence originated in Welaka, Fla. This cover is from Capt Stephens' brother-in-law, Davis Hall Bryant, who was serving in the 2nd Fla Cav with Capt Stephens but spent time on detached duty for the Quartermaster's Department. That accounts for the lack of a postmark as the cover did not originate in Welaka. Wallpaper Cover with a very colorful floral pattern. Florida related wallpaper covers are quite scarce.  Ex-Kaufmann.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) entered service as a 1st Lieut in Co B 2nd Fla Cav 10/19/1861. He was promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He was killed 3/1/1864 in the Skirmish at Cedar Creek which occurred in the Jacksonville area not long after the Battle of Olustee (2/20/1864).

Davis Hall Bryant (1839-1914), an accountant by profession, enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1962. He was promoted Sergt in 1863 but was soon reduced to the ranks (reason unknown). After the war, he lived in New York City as a successful businessman and retired to Orlando, Fla. 

$850.00

FL235
8/20/2023
CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margins just a little irregular at left center and top right) tied to yellow paper cover by the Warrington, Fla CDS 15 JAN (1862). From the well-known Chapman Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Kate L. Chapman Care W. S. Chapman, Talladega, Ala. Accompanying the cover is a period valentine which is on an exhibit page from the Dr. Howard Green Collection described as original to the cover. The valentine is certainly period and quite nice but most likely is not original to this cover because of the mid January date of the cover. Very clean cover. Ex-Howard Green Collection.

Kate Lettice Chapman (1839-1881), the addressee, was the wife of William Smith Chapman (1833-1868) who at the time of this cover was the 1st Lieut of Co D 1st Ala Inf. The regiment was organized in Pensacola in April 1861 and remained in the Pensacola area until March 1862. On 3/16/1862, Lieut Chapman was promoted Capt and transferred to Co G 31st Ala Inf when that regiment was organized at Talladega, Alabama. Capt Chapman resigned 9/26/1862 with no further service. In 1863, he relocated with his family to Southern California. and worked as a citrus farmer.

The cover is from Lieut Chapman to his wife as there are other covers in the correspondence from this time period in the same handwriting. So the notation "Care W. S. Chapman" is a little confusing as it does not appear on the other covers that I have seen. However, Lieut Chapman's father was also named W. S. Chapman, so that may be to whom the notation refers. Could find no information about Lieut Chapman's father other than the name.
$350.00

 8/25/2023 -- Welaka, Florida, a very small town located in northeastern Florida on the St. Johns River in Putnam County, had a post office that was established in 1851 and operated through the war. In 1860, the population of Welaka was only about 100 people which dwindled to about 20 residents remaining by the end of the war. But the town revived after the war into a resort town and still exists today with a population of no more than perhaps 1,000 residents. The CSA Welaka postmaster, Moses Smith, used a unique double ring woodcut postmark undoubtedly locally made. Covers with this Welaka postmark have become iconic in the field of CSA Florida Postal History collecting. Fifty-three covers were released from the library of the University of Florida into the collector's market in 1976, and are much sought after. The Briggs Census lists a total of 52 of these covers from late 1861 to mid 1863. Forty-seven of the covers in the Briggs Census have the unique postmark while 5 of the recorded covers have the town name in manuscript. The reason for the manuscript is not known. Most of the Welaka covers come from the well-known and well-researched Bryant-Stephens Correspondence. A significant number of the Welaka covers are addressed to Captain Winston Stephens from his wife, Octavia (Bryant) Stephens. Other Welaka covers are addressed to Mrs. Stephens from Captain Stephens or involve her brother, Davis H. Bryant, or other members of the Bryant family. The letters between Captain Stephens and his wife as well as Octavia's diary are archived at the University of Florida library in Gainesville. The Bryant-Stephens letters have been published under the title Rose Cottage Chronicles. "Rose Cottage" was the name of the Bryant family plantation.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) (photo to the left) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek  (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (known as "Tivie") (1841-1908) married  Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.

Davis H. Bryant (1839-1914), an accountant by profession, enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862. He was promoted Sergt in 1863 but soon reduced to the ranks (reason unknown). He also spent time on detached duty for the Quartermaster's Department and served throughout the rest of the war. He took the Oath of Allegiance on 5/20/1865 in Waldo, Florida. After the war, he relocated to New York City where he was successful in business. Upon retirement in his later years, he returned to Florida making his home in Orlando where he is buried.

Presented here are 8 covers from the Welaka Bryant-Stephens Correspondence (7 from Welaka with a postmark or manuscript, and 1 with a rate but without a postmark) and 2 additional Bryant-Stephens covers.
FL169

Stampless cover with the Welaka, Fla double ring postmark and handstamp PAID Type B as well as "Paid 10cts" in manuscript 9 NOV (1862). From the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with a Military and Rairoad address to Mr. D. H. Bryant Care Capt Robt Harrison, Hart's Station, Flor R. Rd E. Fla. The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course accross the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. The Briggs Census lists 13 Welaka covers of this type. Exceptionally Fine cover with PF Certificate 2008. 

Davis H. Bryant (1839-1914), an accountant by profession, enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862. He was promoted Sergt in 1863 but soon reduced to the ranks (reason unknown). He also spent time on detached duty for the Quartermaster's Department and served throughout the rest of the war. He took the Oath of Allegiance on 5/20/1865 in Waldo, Florida. After the war, he relocated to New York City where he was successful in business. Upon retirement in his later years, he returned to Florida making his home in Orlando where he is buried.

Robert H. Harrison (1830-1898) entered service 5/16/1862 as Captain of Co K 2nd Fla Cav, a unit which spent the war in Florida. He was promoted Major of the regiment 9/8/1862. At the end of the war, he took the Oath of Allegiance in Baldwin, Florida, 5/17/1865. Major Harrison was from a wealthy planter family in Nassau County, Florida. After the war, he returned to his life in Nassau County.
$1,500.00
FL232

CSA #7 two 4-Margin singles tied together and to the cover by the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS 19 AUG (1863). Orange paper cover from the well-known Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military and Railroad address to Capt Winston Stephens Co B 2nd Fla Cav, Harts Road Station, Fla R(ail) R(oad). The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course across the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. Minor sealed back flap opening tears. The Briggs Census lists 15 Welaka covers with a pair of CSA #7 Stamps. Very Fine.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908) married Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.
$1,500.00
FL234

Stampless cover with manuscript "Paid 10" and no postmark and no date. The cover is from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military Address to Capt Winston Stephens, Camp Cooper, Florida. From the handwriting, the cover is from Capt Stephens' wife, Octavia, in Welaka. Therefore the cover originated in Welaka but for whatever reason did not receive the Welaka CDS or a manuscript postal mark other than the "Paid" rate. Camp Cooper was in Nassau County about 30 miles north of Jacksonville. In late 1863, Capt Stephens' unit (2nd Fla Cav) was located at Camp Cooper. That would therefore date the cover to late 1863. Wallpaper Cover with a very colorful floral pattern which displays very well. Florida related wallpaper covers are quite scarce. This cover does not appear in the Welaka Briggs Census. Minor edge wear, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Richard Hall Collection, Ex-Kaufmann.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908) married Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.
$1,000.00

FL236
8/25/2023
CSA #6 Horz Pair (little edge nick at right center) tied by the Welaka, Fla double ring postmark and manuscript date "Sept 22 (1862)." Manuscript receiving date "Oct 1st 1862." Coarse brown paper cover from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military Address to Mr. Davis H. Bryant Care Capt Robt Harrison, Hart's Road Station - Fla. R. Road, E. Fla. The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course accross the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. This cover was formerly part of the Conrad Bush award winning Fancy and Unusal Cancels exhibit and was used as an illustration on Page 362 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This is the only cover listed in the Welaka Briggs Census with CSA #6 stamps. Minor edge wear, small corner repairs, and a little ink erosion but still with a very clean overall appearance with an excellent strike of the postmark.

Davis H. Bryant (1839-1914), an accountant by profession, enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862. He was promoted Sergt in 1863 but soon reduced to the ranks (reason unknown). He also spent time on detached duty for the Quartermaster's Department and served throughout the rest of the war. He took the Oath of Allegiance on 5/20/1865 in Waldo, Florida. After the war, he relocated to New York City where he was successful in business. Upon retirement in his later years, he returned to Florida making his home in Orlando where he is buried.

Robert H. Harrison (1830-1898) entered service 5/16/1862 as Captain of Co K 2nd Fla Cav, a unit which spent the war in Florida. He was promoted Major of the regiment 9/8/1862. At the end of the war, he took the Oath of Allegiance in Baldwin, Florida, 5/17/1865. Major Harrison was from a wealthy planter family in Nassau County, Florida. After the war, he returned to his life in Nassau County.
$1,250.00

FL237
8/25/2023
Stampless cover with the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS and handstamp PAID 10ct (ms) Type B 30 NOV (1862). The cover is from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military Address to Capt Winston Stephens, "St Johns Rangers," Camp Finegan, Fla. The cover is from Capt Stephens' wife, Octavia. "St Johns Rangers" was a forerunner name for Co B 2nd Florida Cavalry. Camp Finnegan was in the Jacksonville area. The Briggs Census lists 13 Welaka covers of this type. Very clean appearing cover but refolded at the top to restore a sealed tear. Very well done so that it is essentially unnoticeable.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908) married Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.
$500.00

FL238
8/25/2023
Stampless cover with the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS and handstamp PAID 5ct (ms) Type A 6 NOV (1861). The cover is from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence addressed to Mr. Davis H. Bryant, Jacksonville, E. Fla. One of only 2 listed covers of this type in the Briggs Welaka Census. Minor edge wear at the top, otherwise Very Fine.

Davis H. Bryant (1839-1914), an accountant by profession, enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862. He was promoted Sergt in 1863 but soon reduced to the ranks (reason unknown). He also spent time on detached duty for the Quartermaster's Department and served throughout the rest of the war. He took the Oath of Allegiance on 5/20/1865 in Waldo, Florida. After the war, he relocated to New York City where he was successful in business. Upon retirement in his later years, he returned to Florida making his home in Orlando where he is buried.
$750.00

FL239
8/25/2023
CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 2 Positions 32-33 (4-Margin but a little tight at the lower right) Pen-Canceled with the matching manuscript postal marking "Welaka Sept 15th (1862)" to the left. The cover is from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military Address to Capt Winston Stephens, "St Johns Rangers," Camp Stephens, Fla. Camp Stephens was near Jacksonville. The cover is from Capt Stephens' wife, Octavia. "St Johns Rangers" was a forerunner name for Co B 2nd Florida CavalryOne of only 2 listed covers of this type with a CSA #1 pair and "Welaka" in manuscript without the name of the state in the Briggs Welaka Census.  Unknown why  a manuscript "Welaka" was used at this time instead of the postmark. Very clean cover and a nice pair of stamps.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908) married Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.
$1,500.00

FL240
8/25/2023
CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 2 Positions 14-15 (4-Margin) Pen-Canceled with the matching manuscript postal marking "Welaka Fla Aug 4 (1862)" to the left. The cover is from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with Military Address to Capt Winston Stephens, "St Johns Rangers," Camp Hately, Fla. Camp Hately was in Duval County near Jacksonville. The cover is from Capt Stephens' wife, Octavia. "St Johns Rangers" was a forerunner name for Co B 2nd Florida CavalryOne of only 2 listed covers of this type with a CSA #1 pair and "Welaka Fla" in manuscript with the name of the state in the Briggs Welaka Census. Unknown why  a manuscript "Welaka" was used at this time instead of the postmark. Cover used as an illustration on Page 262 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History. Included with the cover is a typed transcipt of the original letter. The original letter is archived and no longer with the cover but unusual to have a transcript of the original letter with this correspondence. The letter simply contains family news. From the transcript, we know that Capt Stephens' wife was known to her husband as "Tivie." Very clean cover and a nice pair of stamps.

Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lieut 10/19/1861 in Co B 2nd Fla Cav and promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He is listed as Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. He is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka. Octavia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908) married Winston Stephens in 1859. She apparently did not remarry and is also buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Welaka.
$1,500.00
 FL231

This is not a Welaka cover but is still a cover from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence.

CSA #7 Horz Pair
(4-Margin) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 13 MAY (1863). Military Address to Mr. W. A. Bryant Care of Gen Bragg, Tullahoma, Tenn. Cover with a little minor edge wear, otherwise a clean appearance.

William A. Bryant (1837-1881) enlisted as a private in Co A 3rd FL Inf 5/1/1861. The regiment served in the Western Theater and was an Army of Tennesse unit. Pvt Bryant was detailed several times to the quartermaster service including at the time of this cover (May 1863). Pvt Bryant was apparently serving under the quartermaster officer on Gen Bragg's staff at the time of this cover. General Braxton Bragg was the commander of the Army of Tennessee. Pvt Bryant survived the war and surrendered 5/15/1865 at Lake City, Florida. William A. Bryant was the brother of Davis H. Bryant and his sister was Olivia L. (Bryant) Stephens. The sender of this cover is not positively indentified but most likely from his wife, Rebecca, as Lake City was where they lived. 
$350.00

FL241
8/26/2023
This is not a Welaka cover but is still a cover from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence.

Stampless cover with postal markings all in manuscript "Waldo (Florida) Apl 21 Pd 10." Addressed to Mrs O. L. Stephens, Thomasville, Ga. Waldo is a small town in Alachua County which still exists today and a station on the Florida Railroad between Gainesville and Starke. There are 11 CSA covers from Waldo listed in the Briggs Census. This is the only stampless "PAID" cover listed and is illustrated in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History on Page 247. Cover with a little light soiling and foxing and a somewhat faded but still legible address.

The addressee, Olivia L. (Bryant) Stephens (1841-1908), was the wife of Capt Winston J. T. Stephens of Co B 2nd Fla Cav. Capt Stephens was Killed-in-Action at the Skirmish at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864 not long after the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864. Mrs. Stephens mother, who was staying with her in Welaka, also died about the same time. After her husband's and mother's death, Olivia Stephens relocated to Thomasville, Georgia, and did not return to Welaka until 1868. That, therefore, dates the cover to most likely 1864. There is an outside chance that it could be a very late 1865 use, but that cannot be verified without the original enclosure. The sender of this cover is not identified.
$500.00


FL244
8/26/2023
Stampless Soldiers Due cover with "Baldwin Fla April 7th (1864) Due 10" all in manuscript (Duval County). Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mattie A. Inglet, Berzelia, Georgia. Endorsed at left "From T. W. G. Inglet, Co C 28 Regt Ga Vols." This is 1 of 3 Soldiers Due 10 Baldwin covers listed in the Briggs Census with all 3 covers from the same Inglet Correspondence. Very Fine.

T. W. G. Inglet enlisted as a private in Co C 28th Ga Inf on 9/10/1861 and promoted Corporal on 8/1/1863. He was listed as wounded at Gaines Mills (Va) 6/27/1862 losing two fingers on his left hand. He was wounded a second time at Darbeytown Road (Va) 10/7/1864 and was furloughed after his second wound. The 28th Ga Inf started out as an ANV unit but was transferred to Florida in mid-1863 and then rejoined the ANV in October 1864. That would date this cover to April 1864.
$400.00

FL245
8/26/2023
Stampless PAID cover with a full strike of the dateless Chattahoochee, FLO CDS with manuscript "Pd 5" (Gadsden County). Addressed to State Land Agent, Tallahassee, Florida. Folded blue lined lettersheet with the page containing the letter removed some time in the past. Receiving docketing on the reverse dates the cover to April 23, 1862. Very scarce cover as this cover is 1 of only 2 CSA covers listed in the Chattahoochee Briggs Census. The CSA #1 Chattahoochee cover is offered on this list as FL249. This cover is illustrated on Page 55 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History. Very light vertical file folds, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Oxer, Ex-Briggs Collection. $750.00

FL248
8/29/2023
Stampless PAID cover "Houston Fla July 4 / 61 Paid 5" all in manuscript (Suwannee County). From the Alexander H. Stephens Correspondence addressed to the Vice President in Augusta, Georgia. PM instruction at left with Charge Box notation "Please hand this out to Mr S on the 11th Inst." Usual short secretarial summary on the back identifying the sender "D. B. Graham Houston E Fla July 4, 1861 Friendly letter." The Houston post office was established in 1859 but there was no post road service until 1863. Houston was a station on the Florida Atlantic and Gulf Central Railroad, so the cover most likely traveled by rail to Jacksonville and then by ship to Savannah for delivery to Augusta. The cover is listed in the Houston Briggs Census of 14 CSA Houston covers. This cover is illustrated on Page 96 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History. Top back flap missing as is usual for the Stephens Correspondence. Very Fine.$500.00

FL249
8/29/2023
CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 3 (margins tight at bottom and right and a little gum toning) tied by the dateless Chattahoochee, Fla CDS. Addressed to Mrs. Jacob Mickler, Wellborn, Suwanee Co., Florida, In Care of Capt James Latimer. This cover is 1 of only 2 CSA Chattahoochee covers listed in the Briggs Census and the only one with a General Issue stamp. The Paid 5 Chattahoochee cover is offered on this list as FL245. This cover is illustrated on Page 55 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History. Small reduction and edge nicks at the right where opened. Still a very presentable cover and a very scarce postal use. Ex-Oxer, Ex-Briggs Collection.

The addressee, Sallie A. (Latimer) Jacobs, was the wife of Capt Jacob E. Mickler (1834-1864) of  Co F 3rd Fla Inf who most likely sent this cover to his wife. The unit was in Florida until May 1862 when the regiment joined the Army of Mississippi. Capt Mickler resigned in Chattanooga  8/4/1862. Reason for resignation not given but it may have been for health issues as he died in 1864 two years after resigning the service and is buried in Suwanee County, Florida. Cause of death not recorded. Capt James Latimer most likely was Mrs. Mickler's father, but no information on him. Title of "Capt" most likely pre-war or honorary.
$750.00

FL250
9/2/2023
Stampless Soldiers DUE cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp DUE 10 Type D 15 JUN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Margarett Simonton, Lawrenceville, Ga. Endorsed across the top "from private Simonton Company E Evans Regmt." This cover is the listng cover for the Type D handstamp and the cover is illustrated in the CSA catalog. This cover is 1 of only 2 Type D Soldiers DUE Quincy covers recorded in the Briggs Census and is illustrated on Page 214 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War postal history. Minor back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

The cover was sent by Pvt Robert Simonton (1821-1863) home to his wife. Robert Simonton entered service as a private in Co E 64th Ga Inf commanded by Col John W. Evans on 3/1/1863. The regiment was assigned to the Department of Middle Florida before transferring to the ANV in July 1864. Pvt Simonton Died of Disease in Tallahassee, Florida, 12/27/1863 and is buried in the Confederate Section of the Old City Cemetery in Tallahassee.

John W. Evans (1827-1864), a lawyer by profession, entered service as Captain of Co G 1st Ga Inf 3/18/1861 and was elected Colonel of the 64th Ga Inf 5/26/1863, a regiment that he helped raise. Col Evans was wounded in Florida at the Battle of Olustee in February 1864. He commanded the regiment during the transfer to the ANV and is reported as Killed-in-Action at the Siege of Petersburg Battle of the Crater 7/30/1864. He is buried in an unmarked grave in Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg, Virginia.
$500.00

FL251
9/2/2023
Stampless PAID cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 3 JUL (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Wm E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Receiving docketing at the left dates the cover to 1863. This cover is 1 of 4 Type C PAID 10 Quincy covers recorded in the Briggs Census. Minor back flap opening tears and a small part of back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee, William Ephraim ("Tete") Smith (1829-1890), was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. He entered service 4/28/1861 as a Lieutenant in Co E 4th Ga Inf and promoted Captain 4/28/1862. He was severely wounded at King's School House (Va) also known as the Battle of Oak Grove which was the first of the Seven Days Battles of the Peninsula Campaign 6/25/1862. His wound resulted in the amputation of his right leg. He was discharged from service 8/1/1862 due to his wound but recovered and was elected in late 1863 as a Georgia representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he continued the practice of law. He was elected to the US House of Representatives 1875-1881 and served later in the Georgia State Senate. This cover is from the time after his discharge from the army while he was home in Albany, Georgia, recovering from his amputation.
$350.00

FL252
9/2/2023
Stampless PAID cover with two overlapping strikes of the St. Marks, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 12 MAY (1863). Addressed to Capt H. Griffin, Sandy Forde, Fla. Sandy Ford is a listed CSA post office in Madison County and was Station 5 on the Pensacola & Georgia Railroad. The name was changed to Greenville later in the 1860's. Folded letter Adversity Cover as the letter is wrtten on a printed flyer or notice for the Wakulla Iron Works in New Port, Fla. St. Marks is in Wakulla County. This cover is 1 of 6 Type C PAID 10 St Marks covers recorded in the Briggs Census and may very well be the only adversity cover. Few internal folds reinforced with archival tape. Very clean cover and a very unusual adversity cover. Ex-Agre.

Lengthy letter from the addressee's son, A. Griffin, to his father. Filled with local news and information about the price and availability of meat especially pork and bacon, and other problems including taxes. From the letter, it appears that the family had a large farm or perhaps a plantation as the letter mentions "we have 6 negroes & 6 whites that have nothing to eat." Unable to identify the Griffin family, father or son. Letter could benefit from a transcript and further research.
$500.00

FL253
9/2/2023


Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) -- Stampless Soldiers DUE cover with a full strike of the Lake City, Fla CDS and handstamp Due 10 Type F 27 APR (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to William McMullen Esqr, Mosely Hall, Fla. Endorsed at left "Corprl D. J. McMullen Co D 1st Bat Fla P R (Partison Rangers)." There are 27 Type F Lake City Soldiers Due 10 covers recorded in the Briggs Census. -- 2nd Use (outside) -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin and a very coarse printing) pen-cancelled and manuscrupt "Mosely Hall Fla May 23 (1863)" (Madison County) to the left. There are only 3 total CSA covers from Mosely Hall recorded in the Briggs Census, two with a CSA #1 stamp and this cover with a pair of CSA #7 stamps. The Mosely Hall use is illustrated on Page 166 of the Briggs book on Florida Civil War postal history. Light file fold across the top not affecting anything and just a little light foxing. Opened for display. Still a very clean appearing and a very scarce cover. Ex-Gordon McHenry. CSA Certificate 1983 signed by Morris Everett.

David J. McMullen (1835-1893) entered service as a private in Co D 1st Battalion Partisan Rangers 8/11/1862. The unit was later designated as the 2nd Fla Inf Bat in June 1863. The unit remained in Florida until transferred to the ANV in May 1864. Pvt McMullen was promoted Corporal 4/16/1863 and discharged 1/23/1864 when he was elected Clerk of the Taylor County (Florida) Court. William McMullen (1818-1898), the soldier's father and the addressee of the first use, is listed in the 1860 Federal Census as a farmer with an estate worth $2200 ($81,000 in today's money). No information on Sarah Rowell, the addressee of the second use.
$900.00

FL255
9/3/2023
CSA #12 (AD) (margins touch top and right) pen-cancelled and manuscript "Bawldwin (Baldwin), Fla April 25th" to the left. Baldwin was a major rail center in Duval County during the war. Misspelling of the town name attributed to a new postal clerk. Addessed to Mrs Tho M. Chesnut, Gainesville, Florida. This cover is 1 of only 3 CSA covers with the CSA #12 stamp recorded in the Baldwin Briggs Census and is illustrated on Page 32 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War postal history. Some minor edge wear but a Very clean appearing cover.$350.00

FL257
9/4/2023
CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin) uncancelled and manuscript "Homosassa (Fla) Jan 29th 1864" (Hernando County). The stamp is not cancelled but certaily appears to belong to the cover as there are no other postal markings. Addressed to Hon C. C. Clay of Ala for Mrs. Clay, Richmond, Va. Very scarce cover as this cover is 1 of only 2 CSA covers listed in the Homosassa Briggs Census. The cover is illustrated on Page 93 in the Briggs book on Florida Civil War Postal History. The other cover is a PAID 5 from 1862 addressed to David L. Yulee from his wife. The address on the two covers are in the same handwriting. This cover was sent by Mrs. Yulee, Nancy Christian (Wickliffe) Yulee (1822-1885), writing to Mrs. Clay from the Yulee sugar plantation in Homosassa. The plantation known as "Margarita" was destroyed by Federal troops in May 1864 (another source says July 1864) just a few months after this cover was sent. Molesworth note on the reverse of the cover states that the cover was most likely sent by David Yulee but that is not correct. The handwriting of the two covers (both illustrated on the same page in the Briggs book) is clearly the same and is that of Mrs. Yulee.

David Levy Yulee (1810-1886), a lawyer by profession in St Augustine before the war, was active in Florida territorial politics and served in the 2nd Seminole war. When Florida became a state, he served as the first Florida US Senator (1845-1851 and 1855-1861). In May 1864 (another account says July 1864), a Federal force consisting of the 2nd US Colored Cavalry and the 2nd Florida Cavalry (Union) entered Hernando County and destroyed "Margarita" which was David Yulee's sugar plantation at Homosassa. For his support of the Confederacy, he was held as a political prisoner after the war at Fort Pulaski in 1865 but received a pardon. He returned to Florida and spent his time rebuilding and developing Florida's Railroads. For his efforts, he is known as the "Father of Florida's Railroads." He and his wife are buried at the Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington DC.

Clement C. Clay (1816-1882) was a US Senator from Alabama (1853-1861) and a Confederate Senator from Alabama (1862-1864). He was never Governor of Alabama as stated in the Briggs book. It was his father, also named Clement C. Clay (1789-1866), who was Governor of Alabama (1835-1837). As Chairman of the CSA Senate Finance Committee, his portait appears on the CSA $1.00 note from the late 1862 issue through the 1864 issue. After the war, Clay was imprisoned at Fortress Monroe with his wife (1865-1866) as they were under suspicion of involvement in the Lincoln assassination as Clay was the CSA representative in Canada (1864-1865). The Clays were freed by President Andrew Johnson in 1866 and returned to Alabama. Mrs. Virginia Clay (1825-1915) was a well-known socialite and political hostess in Washington DC before the war. Senator Yulee and Senator Clay would have certainly known each other and their wives would have also known each other as their pre-war terms as Senators in Washington DC overlapped. 
$750.00
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Postal History Part 2

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