CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 1

Alabama -- Arkansas -- Florida


New Covers Added 26 NOV 2021

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
ALABAMA ARKANSAS FLORIDA



-- ALABAMA --

AL328

CSA #7 Horz Pair London Paper (margin very close at the top left) tied by a partial strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 9 AUG. There are an additional two strikes (one complete and one partial) of the same CDS on the cover away from the stamps. Addressed to Miss Fannie H. Leverich Care of Wm E. Leverich Esqr, Mobile, Ala. Minor backflap opening tear otherwise Very Fine.
$125.00
AL374

CSA #2b Paterson Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 20 OCT. Addressed to Mrs. A. M. Garber, Livingston, Ala. Part of backflap missing and a minor corner fault at upper left, but still a very clean cover with a Very Fine stamp. $350.00
AL426

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional (faults with irregular margin at the left which is along the top edge as the stamp is affixed sideways) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 13 DEC 1861.  Addressed to James Robinson Esq, Huntsville, Ala.  Expertly sealed backflap and top edge tears with an equally expert edge repair at the top right. $750.00
AL442

USA Star Die with the Summerfield, Ala CDS 4 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Alabama.  Addressed to Mr. James W. Evans, Jackson, Alabama.  Part of backflap missing and backflap opening tears, but still an overall Very Fine appearance. $250.00

AL446

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just a little close at the top) tied by the Mobile, Ala small double circle CDS 12 JAN (most lilely 1863). Adversity Cover made from an unused printed Mobile cotton shipping form. From the Muldrow Correspondence addressed to W. C. Muldrow Esq, Tibbee Station, Miss. The addressee, William C. Muldrow was the brother of Henry Lowndes Muldrow (1837-1905) who very possibly sent this cover to his brother. Henry L. Muldrow, a lawyer by profession, was the Lt Col of the 11th Miss Cav. Col Muldrow had prior service as a Captain in Co C. 14th Miss Inf. After the war, he had a distinguished political carreer serving in the Mississippi State Legislature and the US Congress as well as serving as a trustee of the University of Mississippi. William Cannon Muldrow, the older brother, inherited and operated the family plantation. He first enlisted in Co C 14th Miss Inf in 1861 (same unit as his brother) and soon was promoted Captain of the Company. He was captured as a POW at Fort Donelson and confined for nine months at Camp Douglas until exchanged at Vicksburg. In 1864 when the 11th Miss Cav was organzied, Capt Muldrow transferred to his brother’s unit and served as Lieut and later Capt of Co H 11th Miss Cav. After the war, Capt Muldrow continued to farm and run the family’s plantation in Mississippi. Just a little minor water staining but still a very fine cover displayed flapped from the left and tied toa prominent Mississippi family. $300.00
AL451

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (margins a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Tuskegee, Ala CDS with a MAY date (not a commonly seen blue postmark). Addressed to Miss Bettie Scarborough, Mt Gillead (Gilead) NC.  Very Fine. $150.00
AL455

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside): Montgomery, Ala to L. C. Garland, President, Tuskaloosa, Ala but the stamps are missing. 2nd Use (outside): CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 1 MAR and addressed to Mrs. M. Lewis Lackey, Lexington, Rockbridge Co., Virginia. Landon Cabell Garland (1810-1895) (the addressee of the 1st use) was the President of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.  Cover flapped down from the upper right corner to display part of the address from the inside use.  Intact cover with just a little light foxing. $175.00
AL465

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Eufaula, Ala 28 JUL (most likely 1864) addressed to Mrs. John D. McCollough Care of Revd J. D. McCollough, Unionville, So. Ca. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) pen-cancelled with no postal markings to The Rev J. H. Cornish, Aiken SC. Period docketing at left “Summons to the Council Recd April 17th 1865.” The original enclosure is with the second use at dates the cover to Unionville SC April 8th 1865 which is the day before Lee’s surrender. The enclosure announces the meeting of the Diocesan Council (Episcopal) at Camden on May 24th next and is signed by Revd McCollough as the secretary. John DeWitt McCollough (1824-1900) at the beginning of the war served as the Chaplain of Holcombe’s South Carolina Legion. Very coarse paper homemade type adversity cover with very late useage from Unionville (now known as Union) the court house of Union County SC in mid April 1865. This part of northwest South Carolina was still under Confederate control at that time. Cover has been flapped up from the lower right corner to display both stamps. Very Fine. $450.00
AL466

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close at the bottom with a large upper sheet margin) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 25 JUL 1864. Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. Charles M. Wallace Care Mr. Wallace, Richmond, Va. Charles Montriou Wallace was a prominent Richmond merchant. Minor backflap opening tear. Very Fine cover. $125.00
AL467

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Mobile, Ala double circle CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Richmond, Virginia with the name of the addressee obliterated as was often the custom in the late 19th or early 20th Century when these covers first entered the collector’s market. Adversity Cover made from what appears to be a printed but unused bank form displayed flapped over from the top left. The display covers the part of the address that has been obliterated giving the cover a Very Fine appearance. $250.00
AL479

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 7 OCT. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Mary F. Gilliam Care of Maj L. Gilliam, Okolona, Miss. L. Gilliam was a wealthy planter in the Okolona area. The title was prewar and not associated with the Confederate Army. Sealed backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine Cover. $125.00
AL487

CSA #12f (AD) (perforated on left and bottom with straight edge top and right) tied by two strikes of the Demopolis, Ala CDS (one dated 10 JAN and the second dated 11 JAN). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. R. C. Pettigrew, Eutaw Green Cty, Ala. The stamp is from Postion 10 (right end stamp in the top row) as the top and sides of the sheet typically were not perforated. Accompanying the cover is a note from an old time stamp dealer, Robert Nelson, dated 11/23/1920 in which he states that he has seen such a full sheet of the perforated stamps with the top and sides not perforated and that the sheet was then owned by L. S. Knapp. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Bogg and with a Molesworth note as well. PF Certificate 1983. $1,000.00
AL492

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Selma, Ala CDS 3 JAN. Addressed to A. Jones Esqr, Columbiana, Ala. Minor staining upper right, light vertical file folds, part of back side flap missing. Still a very presentable appearance and quite a nice stamp.  $65.00
AL493

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margins in at top and left) with the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A) with the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS at the lower left 26 JAN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Sarah Davenport, Rogersville, Al(a). The original letter remains with the cover written on high quality blue lined paper with an embossed British watermark of St George and the Dragon. The handwriting and spelling of the letter is atrocious making it difficult to read but does mention a big battle is expected in Virginia with 150 thousand men on each side and another big battle is expected in Tennessee. There were no major battles in Virginia at the time of this letter. Fort Donelson and Island No 10 were captured by the Union about two weeks after this letter was written. A little minor edge wear and some minor light foxing but still Very Fine. Ex-Skinner. $800.00
AL499
 
CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 47 (4-Margin with the top part of the adjacent stamp visible below which would be Position 7 with the narrow horizontal gutter between the upper and lower transfer panes) with a very nice strike of the Tuscaloosa “Star” fancy cancel (AC-15A). The Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS is to the left 5 JUN (1862). Addressed to Mr. Gaius Whitfield, Demopolis, Ala. Missing backflap, a little overall light foxing, and an edge repair at the upper left. Still a very presentable cover with a scarce fancy cancel. Ex-Bogg. $600.00
AL501
 
CSA #5 Position 49 (4-Margin with edge gum toning) tied by a full strike of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 26 OCT 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Evan Edwards, Abbeville SC. Backflap opening tears. Small sealed edge tear top center. Very clean appearing cover. $400.00
AL503

CSA #59xu1a Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 on PAID 5 revalued Handstamp Provisional with the provisional marks in RED. Montgomery, Ala CDS 10 JUL 1861. Addressed to Capt Jno W. A. Sanford, Norfolk, Virginia. John William Agustine Sanford (1825-1913) entered service as a private in Ch H 4th Ga Inf and transferred to the 3rd Ala Inf Batt Hilliards Legion where he rose in rank to Lt Col 6/25/1862. In Nov 1863, he was promoted Col of the 60th Ala Inf. After the war, he served as the Attoney General of Alabama. This is a cover front only which has been rebacked for preservation. The upper left corner has been repaired in the past including the top part of the postmark to a Very Fine overall appearance and can easily be exhibited. This cover is one of five recorded revalued examples and is pictured on Page 236 of the Crown Survey. PF Certificate 1976 which shows the cover prior to the left upper corner repair. Ex-Walcott, Ex-Brandon. $1,500.00
AL525

USA #26 tied by a bold strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 FEB 1861 USA Used in CSA Alabama one day after the formation of the Confederate government from the first capital of the Confederacy. Addressed to Mr. W. W. Boyce, Winnsboro, Fairfield Dist., South Carolina. Most of top backflap missing but a very clean cover with excellent postal use. $650.00
AL528

Soldiers (Due) 10 Type F with the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Jane S. Neely, Smiths Turnout SC. Endorsed at left “A Soldiers Letter Co A 42 Tenn Regt of Infantry (42nd Ten Inf).” Minor edge and corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
AL532

CSA #58x1 Mobile 2c Black Provisional (margin in at top left and close at bottom right) tied by a weak strike of the Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Cover originally addressed as a Drop Letter to Dr. Matt Clay, Mobile, Ala but was forwarded to Bayou La Batre, Ala (an obscure post office on the coast of Mobile County). It appears the cover was missent to Brookville, Miss instead with the application of the Brookville, Miss CDS 11 MAR (1862) and the Brookville Handstamp PAID 5 Type A mark apparently applied to pay the forwarding fee. Docketing at the top with a Charge Box notation and “Private in Mobile Dragoons.” The meaning is unclear and could refer to either the sender or the addressee. At this time, the “Mobile Dragoons” were located at “Camp Dragoon” in Bayou La Batre. In any case, the forwarding fee probably should not have been assessed because of the military docketing. Very interesting use needing further research. This is a known cover that was once part of the Zimmerman 2c exhibit and is believed to be the only recorded example of a 2c Black Mobile Provisional on a forwarded cover. The cover has been professionally cleaned and restored. $3,500.00
AL534

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin with just a little minor toning) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 10 OCT 1861. Addressed to Mrs. S. J. McPherson, Wheeler Garthwaite & Co, New Orleans, La. Complete cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything and period receiving docketing on the face of the cover. $1,000.00
AL535

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin but just a little close at the upper right) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 20 AUG 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Stephen Boullement Care of A. H. Hansell, New Orleans, La. Part of backflap torn away, just a little light foxing, and a small sealed edge tear at the upper left. Cover with an overall very clean appearance and a very nice stamp. $1,000.00
AL536

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 Provisional (T. Welsh PAID 5 mark in red) with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 SEP 1861. Addressed to Genl Daniel Ruggles, Pensacola, Florida. Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897) commanded briefly in Pensacola before going to New Orleans in early 1862 where he organized a brigade. He competently commanded a division at Corinth (Miss) in 1862. But afterwards his duties were administrative commanding departments and districts. He later became the Commissary General of Prisoners in March 1865 after the death of Gen Winder. Gen Ruggles was Massachusettes born but married into a Virginia family and made Fredericksburg his home and is buried there. Very Fine cover.Ex-Finney, Ex-Peters, Ex-Powell. $1,000.00
AL537

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin in at top right) tied by a partial strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Light green paper cover addressed to Mr. S. J. Bolling, Greenville, Ala. Period docking (dates the cover to April 1863) on the face of the cover concerning the original contents which are no longer with the cover. Small part of backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $75.00
AL539

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a very minor short transfer at the upper right corner) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with a NOV 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. H. D. Boutwell, Eutaw, Ala. Very Fine. $250.00
AL542

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional Horz Pair (margins just touch at left center and bottom center) tied by two clear stikes of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 6 SEP 1861. Addressed to Henry S. Tuthill Esq, Huntsville, Ala. Minor edge wear and described with a sealed filing spindle hole in the center of the cover which is extremely unobtrusive. Very clean cover and an excellent example of a scarce pair on cover paying a double weight rate as the cover traveled less than 500 miles. PF Certificate 2012. $2,000.00
AL544

CSA #59xu9 Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 Provisional in Black with the Montgomery, Ala postmark dated 10 JAN (year not indicated). Believed to be one of four recorded examples of this Montgomery provisional marking. Addressed to Dr. R. H. Duggar, Talladega, Alabama. Dr. Reuben Henry Duggar (1837-1925) of Marengo County, Ala served in the Alabama Hospital Service during the war. The Hospital Service unit disbanded in Talladega, Ala in April 1865. The Duggar family correspondence is in the archives at the Auburn University Library. Period pencil docketing at left indicates that the original letter, which is no longer with the cover, was from a “Surg(eon) Michel.” Very clean cover.
$2,750.00
AL546

CSA #58x1 Mobile 2c Black Provisional (margin touches at the left and small nicks at the top margin) tied by the small Mobile, Ala double circle CDS 22 MAR 1862. Mobile Drop Letter addressed to Miss Maggie Marshall Care Mr. Wm T. Marshall, Mobile, Ala. Very minor reduction at the left and a backflap opening tear. Blue lined on the inside commercially made small ladies stationery. Notation on the back "12/27-88 Genuine Durbin & Hanes" The date is 1888. Durbin & Hanes was a prominent Philadelphia stamp dealership at the end of the 19th Century and apparently sold the cover in 1888. Very clean cover. Ex DK Collection.  $3,750.00
AL547

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an 1861 date. Addressed to W. R. Bill Esq, Aberdeen, Miss. Advertising Cover with a green embossed shield for Wm C. Strong & Co GROCERS in Mobile. Reduced at left just into the advertising. $1,500.00
AL551

CSA #11e (AD) Perforated 12 1/2 (4-Margin with perfs clearing on three sides with several blind perfs and the bottom being a straight edge) tied by the Mobile, Ala CDS 23 JAN (1864). Coarse brown paper cover which is an Adversity Cover made from a printed page (war restriction notice) which has not been flapped open for display. Addressed to Mrs. C. Montgomery, Sharon, Miss. Stamp would be from the bottom row as the edges of the sheet were typically not perforated. Part of bottom back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $900.00
AL555

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close at the top right) tied by the Selma, Ala (1863) CDS 22 JAN. Semi-Official Imprinted Cover "OFFICIAL. Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (Type WD-QM-14). The stamps were originally affixed over the imprint but have been lifted and hinged to the left in order to display the imprint. Addressed to A. T. Jones Esqr, Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. Cover with a little light staining at the right, but otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Wulfekuhler. $350.00
AL557

USA #26 tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS. Date is poorly struck but is either 2- MAR or MAY 1861 (USA Used in CSA Alabama). The date is most likely in March as the cover is addressed to the North. Addressed to Mr. Henry Richardson, M&M Bank, Troy NY. Very clean cover with just a little edge wear at the lower right. $125.00
AL560

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) affixed over the embossing of a USA Star Die (Adversity Cover) with the red rim of the Star Die seen at the bottom of the right stamp. The stamps are tied by the usual somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the Selma, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. Wm H. Allen, Louisburg, Franklin County, North Carolina. Clean cover. Ex-Bogg. $250.00
AL561

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close at the left) tied by a full strike of the Selma, Ala CDS 4 DEC. Addressed to Genl W. P. Bocock, Prest A & M RRR Co (Alabama and Mississippi Rivers Railroad Co.), Demopolis, Ala. Not sure of the meaning of the title "General," but it was certainly not associated with the Confederate Army and was most likely honorary. Semi-Ofiicial Imprint at the upper right "OFFICIAL Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (WD-QM-14) in the CSA Catalog). Very Fine.  $450.00
AL562

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partialo strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala  CDS 28 OCT. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Wm W. McConnico, Pine Apple, Wilcox Co., Alabama. The cover was sent by Sergt William W. McConnico (1838-1918) of the 53rd Alabama Partisan Rangers Cavalry to his wife. W.W. McConnico first enlisted as a private in Co F 1st Ala Inf in 1861 and then had later service in the 53rd Ala Partisan Rangers Cavalry (an Army of Tennessee unit). Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the left where opened and a small sealed edge tear at lower left. $100.00
AL563

CSA #1 Vert Pair affixed sideways Stone 2 Positions 33, 43 (margin touches at the left) tied by three partial strikes of the Greensborough, Ala CDS 20 JUN (1862). Light brown cover with Military Address to Lieut Joseph Borden, 5th Ala Regt Comp D, 3rd Brigade Gen Rodes near Richmond, Va. Joseph Borden (1833-1905) began service as a Sergeant in 1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut in April 1862. The 5th Ala Inf was an ANV unit which remained with the ANV through to Appomattox taking part in all the major engagemets. No record of Lieut Borden's actual experiences, but he survived the war and is presumed to have been with his unit for the duration. Very clean cover. $400.00
AL564
 
CSA #10 Frame Line (4-Margin with full line at the bottom, most of the line at the right, and a small part of the left line at the bottom) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 21 MAY 1863. Addressed to Sam L. May Esqr Care of Bank of Tenn, Athens, Ga. Part of top back flap missing, but otherwsie a clean appearing cover and a nice representatve example for a general collection of the scarce frame line stamp on cover. $2,000.00
AL565

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 23 OCT 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. A. W. D. (cannot decipher the last name with certainty), Montgomery, Ala. Part of top back flap missing, sealed vertical edge tear at top right not affecting the stamp or the postmark, and a small sealed edge tear at the left bottom. Very clean appearing cover. $750.00
AL566

CSA #11 (AD) affixed sideways (margin a little irregular at the left) tied by a full bold strike of the Eufala, Ala CDS 15 SEP (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to J. M. Booker Esq, Lynchburg, Va. The original letter is with the cover but is difficult to read and appears to be business related. Clean cover signed "Dietz" on the back. $100.00
AL567
 
CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just a little close at the upper right corner) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 17 JUN. Addressed to Mr. William N. Lawrence, Columbus, Miss. Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $100.00
AL568

CSA #7 Horz Pair vertically affixed (margin close at the bottom right and part of the adjacent stamp visible at the left) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with a JUL date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. M. Meek, Columbia, Mississippi. The addressee was the wife of Lt Col Samuel Mills Meek, Jr.(1835-1901) of Columbus, Mississippi. Col Meek, a lawyer and prominent Mississippi politician, had service in the 1st Miss Inf and the 35th Miss Inf. Very clean cover. $100.00
AL569

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 16 JUL (1862). Adversity Cover made from an unused Mobile printed business document flapped up from the lower left for display. Addressed to Mrs. R. T. Simpson Care of Orrie Davis, Thorne Hill, Alabama with routing instruction "via Tuscaloosa."  Cover most likely sent by Lieut Robert Tennent Simpson (1837-1912) of the 1st Alabama Battalion of Artillery to his wife. This unit was assigned to defend Fort Morgan on Mobile Bay. He had later service as Captain of Co F 63rd Ala Inf. After the war, he practiced law and became a judge in Florence, Ala and was elected to the state legislature in 1882. Few sealed edge tears at the right where the cover was originally opened which are unobtrusive. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. $400.00
AL572

1st Use (outside) CSA #6 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by the same Montevallo, Ala CDS 21 FEB. Addressed to Dr. W. E. Rodgers, Montevallo, Ala (Overpaid Drop Letter). Turned Cover -- 2nd Use (inside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (right stamp significantly clipped with a scissors cut for some unknown reason prior to affixing) tied by a nice strike of the Montevallo, Ala CDS 24 FEB. Addressed to Mr. W. L. Long Care of Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. The cover was apprently refolded to display the first drop letter use on the outside with the second use three days later to Columbiana, Ala on the inside. Flapped up from the lower left corner to display both stamps and postmarks. Excellent use combining a Turned Cover with an Overpaid Drop Letter. Very clean cover. $250.00
AL573

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with a small lower sheet margin) with the stamps showing fllled-in-frames at the bottom which is a catalog listed variety (CC 7-R-v2) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 14 MAY. Addressed to Miss Joyce W. Cloptin, Richmond, Virginia. Very clean cover with a very nice pair of stamp. $150.00
AL575

Turned Cover - 1st Use (inside) Pre-War USA #26 (faults) tied by the Prattville, Ala CDS 5 APR (not dated as to year). Addressed to Miss Libbie Mims, Care E. D. Bartlett, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Somehow the cover made its way back to Prattville several years later for the 2nd Use (outside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (very coarse printing 4-Margin with a small lower sheet margin) tied by the same Prattville, Ala CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Lieut E. H. Davis, Company D 37th Regt Ala Vol, Chickamauga Station, Ga. The address would date the cover to NOV 1863. The Chickamauga Station post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. Could find no specific information on the soldier in the address as the initials may be incorrect due to the handwriting or the unit designations may be incorrect as sometimes occurred. Bears further research. Both uses displayed with the upper left corner flapped down. Interesting turned use with both uses from the same town. Very clean cover. $400.00
AL578

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Pollard, Ala CDS 10 MAR (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Charles H. Gingles, Fort Deposit, Ala. Very clean cover. $100.00
AL579

USA #26 (nice stamp) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 11 MAR 1861 (yeardate in the CDS) USA Used in CSA Alabama. Addressed to Mr. W.W. Boyce, Winnsboro, Fairfield Dist., So. Carolina. At the time of this cover, Montgomery was the capital of the Confederacy. Very Fine. $200.00
AL581

Turned Cover -- 1st Use: CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 11 OCT. Addressed to Mrs. George P. Scriven, Athens, Georgia. 2nd Use: CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (margins just a bit irregular) tied by the Valdosta, Ga CDS 17 JAN. Addressed to Mrs. Tom Scriven, Athens, Georgia. Small period ink erosion in the address. Small clip to the right upper corner. Cover has been unfolded but has not been cut for display. $300.00
AL582

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 13 (4-Margin) with the Tuscaloosa Star (AC-15A) Fancy Cancel and a partial strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS to the left 16 JAN (1862). “Tuscaloosa Insurance Company” boxed advertising corner card at the upper left. Addressed to Benjamin Trimble Esqr, Wetumpka, Alabama. Sealed backflap opening tears. Very clean cover. The stamp was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration for the Tuscaloosa Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A) on Page 376 of the new CSA catalog. The cover is also illustrated on Page 353 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover was originally offered as BE33 part of the Bush Exhibit and sold several years ago. The cover has been reacquired and is now available for sale again. $1,200.00
AL583

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ala CDS 26 FEB (1863). Light coarse brown paper homemade cover addressed to Mrs. Gracey Rounsavall, Summerville, Georgia.  The cover was sent by Pvt David Rounsavall of Co H 39th Ga Inf home to either his wife or his mother. Very light insignificant file fold near the top of the cover which does not detract from an Extremely Fine appearance. $300.00
AL584
7/18/2021
CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Demopolis, Ala CDS partially struck off the cover (date not apparent). Military Address to Lt Col W. C. Tavenner, 17th Virginia Cavalry, Jenkins Brigade, Dublin Depot, Virginia. Addressed lined through and cover forwarded to Salem, Va which  is also lined through and the cover apparently sent back to Dublin., Va. Dublin Depot in Southwest Virginia was on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. No forwarding fee assessed as the cover is addressed to a soldier in the field. Backflap opening tear and just a little light foxing. Still a very clean appearing cover. Ex-Brian Green with his note on the back.

William Cabell Tavenner (1841-1864) began service as a Lieutenant in the 1st La Inf but transferred to the 17th Va Cav as Capt of Co C 8/25/1861 and was promoted Lt Col of the regiment 1/28/1863. Col Tavenner was Mortally Wounded in Action at Monocacy, Md 7/9/1864 and died two days later.
$200.00

AL585
7/18/2021

Turned Cover -- First Use (inside) with manuscript postal marking "Shelby Sprgs Ala 24 AUG" but no rate and no evidence of a missing stamp. Addressed to Mr. John Holly, Central Institute, Coosa County, Ala. Coarse brown paper adversity cover which is undoubtedly homemade. Second Use (outside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by full strike of the Central Institute, Ala balloon CDS 8 SEP. Addressed to Mr. J. F. Conoley, Shelby Spring(s), Shelby Co., Ala. Very clean appearing cover with only minor corner wear. Has been opened so that the inside use can be seen. A very scarce Confederate college postmark.

Central Institute in Coosa County, Alabama, located 12 miles north of Wetumpka was started as a Baptist High School / College (male students) run by the Central Baptist Association 1854-1860 before being sold to a Professor Thomas C. Bragg (1826-1873). Bragg ran the school for a short time but abandoned his school later in 1861 (the school may have operated without him for a time as the history of the school is unclear) and raised a company enlisting some of his school boys which became Co D 17th Ala Inf with Thomas Bragg as its first captain mustering into service 9/17/1861. He resigned later in 1862 with no further record. The Central Institute had its own post office beginning pre-war and is listed on the 1862 register of US post offices and which continued to operate in the Confederate period for an unknown period of time. There is nothing left of the Central Institute today, and no town in Coosa County, Alabama, by that name.
$1,250.00
SOLD
AL587
9/27/2021
Stampless cover with a full strike of the Manningham, Ala CDS 7 OCT (1862) and manuscript "Paid 10." Manningham, Ala (Butler County) is not a commonly seen postmark. Folded Letter Complete with Military Address to Lieut Edward Crenshaw, 17th Alabama Regiment, Mobile, Ala. Very Fine. Ex-Kohn.

Edward Frederick Crenshaw (1842-1911) entered service in August 1861 as 2nd Lt Co K 17th Ala Inf. He was promoted Capt in March 1863 and transferred to Co B 58th Ala Inf. In May 1864, he received his appointment as 2nd Lt in the Confederate States Marine Corps in which capacity he served the remainder of the war with a promotion to 1st Lt of Marines while serving on the Confederate privateer Tallahassee. Lieut Crenshaw CSMC surrendered with Admiral Semmes’ Naval Brigade at Greensboro NC in April 1865. After the war, he had a prominent law practice in Butler County, Ala. The three page letter is from both his father and mother and has only minor war references “...the North cannot subjugate the South and they will certainly give it up next spring if we can make a respectable stand against them this winter...” The letter could benefit from a transcription. The Confederate States Marine Corps was a small service authorized only 65 officers. Items that can be associated with a Confederate States Marine Corps officer, even though he did not receive his Marine appointment until later in the war, are extremely scarce.
$750.00
AL588
10/31/2021
USA Star Die with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Mrs. Mollie E. Austin, Elkton, Giles County, Tennessee C. S. Confederate States). From Confederate Alabama to still Union Tennessee. The use of C. S. in the address identifying Tennessee as a Confederate State is not correct as Tennessee did not secede until 8 JUN 1861 and did not join the CSA until 2 JUL 1861. Routing instruction at the lower left "via Montgomery, Alabama" suggests that the cover originated somewhere outside Montgomery and was carried into Montgomery for posting. Could be an unmarked "Way" cover but impossible to know without an enclosure. Very light water edge stain top right with a little scuff to the surface of the cover not affecting anything, otherwise a very clean appearing cover and a key date in Confederate philately. Ex-H. Green,Ex-Teffs. $1,000.00
AL589
11/25/2021
Stampless Soldier's Due Cover with the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an early 1862 date and handstamp (Due) "5" Type E. Addressed to Mr. James H. Green, Mars Post Office, Bibb Co., Ala. Endorsed at left "J. C. Mathers a Corporal in Capt N. N. Clements Comp 1 Ala Betalion." APS Certificate 1989. Very Fine.

Can find no record of an Alabama soldier named J. C. Mathers, but that is not unusual. Capt N. N. Clements can only refer to Newton Nash Clements (1837-1900) who is listed as a Captain first in the 26th Ala Inf and then Captain of Co F 50th Ala Inf and later promoted Lt Col of the regiment. After the war, he served in the US Congress as a representative from Alabama. Based on this information, the endorsement is a bit confusing. But the unit in the endorsement may have been a state unit or a reserve unit early in the war and not a regular Confederate unit.
$275.00
AL590
11/26/2021
CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin) barely tied by the Montgoery, Ala CDS 25 MAR 1862. Part of the date and the "Ala" in the postmark have been overwritten with blue ink.which may or may not be period. Yellow paper cover with Military Address to Col Tennent Lomax, 3rd Regmt Ala Volunteers, Norfolk, Virginia. Very clean appearing cover and a Very Fine stamp.

Tennant Lomax (1820-1862), a lawyer by profession, served as an officer in the Mexican War and entered Confederate service as Lt Col of the 3rd Ala Inf 4/28/1861 and was promoted Colonel of the regiment 7/10/1861. Col Lomax was Killed-in-Action leading his regiment at Seven Pines (Va) 5/31/1862.
$400.00
AL591
11/26/2021
CSA #2 Pat (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. R. F. Inge, Eutaw, Greene County, Alabama. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp.

The addressee was the wife of Richard Freer Inge (1830-1863, a lawyer by profession. He was most likely the sender of this cover. He entered service as a Captain in the 11th Ala Inf and was later transferred and promoted Lieut Col of the 18th Ala Inf (dates unknown). He died 9/23/1863 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Chickamauga a few days before.
$275.00
AL592
11/26/2021
CSA #2 Pat (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Light pencil receiving docketing at left dates the cover to June 1862. Some restoration work to the top edge (which is actually quite well done) not involving the stamp or the postmark. Addressed to Mrs. W. D. C. Vaught, Canton, Miss. Still a very clean appearing cover even with the edge restoration and a very nice stamp.

The addressee was the wife of  William D. C. Vaught (b1835) who is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a "clerk" (merchant) in New Orleans. He entered service as a 1st Lieut in the La Washington Light Artillery Battalion (Slocum's Battery) 5/26/1861. This unit served in the Western Theater. He survived the war and is listed on the 1870 Federal Census as a merchant in New Orleans.
$200.00
AL593
11/26/2021
CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (almost 4-Margin with just a little nick in the margin at the bottom left) tied by the Demopolis, Ala CDS 14 MAY (1862). Light borwn coarse paper cover addressed in red ink to Mr. Gaius Whitfield Care Columbus Life & Genl Ins Co., Columbus, Miss. Top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover.$200.00


-- ARKANSAS --

Outside of Missouri and Kentucky, Arkansas is the scarcest of the Confederate state uses.
AR81

Handstamp PAID 10 with a partial strike of the Arkadelphia, Ark CDS with a JAN date. Adversity use of a USA Star Die envelope as the Star Die did not pay any postage. Addressed to Dr. Nathan Bozeman, Central Institute, Alabama. Dr. Nathan Bozeman (1825-1905) had a long career as an illustrious and celebrated surgeon. During the war, he was in Confederate service on the Examining Board of Army Surgeons. Cover with minor lightfoxing. Ex-Gallagher.

$350.00  
AR82

“Paid 10cts” in manuscript with the El Dorado, Ark CDS 26 NOV (1861) (day logos inverted). Orange paper cover from the Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Scarce Arkansas use from Union County. Very Fine Ex-Agre.   $550.00
AR85

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y (almost 4-Margin with a very small clip at the lower right corner and a worn impression) tied by the small double circle Little Rock, Ark CDS (date not fully apparent but appears to be MAR which would be 1863). Addressed to Mrs. M. E. McMahen, Burkeville PO, Newton County, Texas. The Stone Y stamp used in Arkansas is extremely scarce. $650.00
AR87

Stampless PAID 5 Type A with the Hillsboro, Ark CDS 12 OCT (1861). Military Address to Mr. Milton G. Keese, Bentonville, Benton Cty., Arkansas. Col Churchills Regiment, Capt Jones Co G 1st Ark Mt Rifles. Small commercially made lady's type stationery cover blue lined on the inside. The addressee was the 2nd Lt of Co G 1st Ark Mounted Rifles commissioned on 6/1/1861 (no further record). Thomas James Churchill (1824-1905) was the Colonel of the regiment and was promoted Brig-Gen 3/4/1862 and Maj-Gen 3/18/1865. After the war, Churchill served as psotmaster of Little Rock, as the Arkansas State Treasurer in the 1870's, and as The Governor of Arkansas 1881-1883 resigning due to irregularities (missing funds) in the state's accounts when he served as the state treasurer. J. J. Jones was the Capt of Co G (no further record). Minor sealed edge tear top center, otherwise a clean cover and a scarce Arkansas use. $650.00
AR89

Stampless Columbia, Ark CDS with handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 12 JUN (1861). Adversity Cover 3c Red Nesbitt Postal Stationery envelope (USA #U10). Cover is from the Carroll, Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Minor central vertical file fold, otherwise Very Fine. $700.00
AR92
10/31/2021
Stampless cover “Osceola Ark Nov 25 (1861) Paid 5” all in manuscript with an added handstamp “Due 5” of the type used in Memphis, Ten Type G. The “Due 5” handstamp was added in transit as the cover was apparently underpaid most likely secondary to weight and not distance. Orange paper cover with full Military Address to Capt Elliot H. Fletcher Jr Care of Lt Col Marmaduke, 1st Arkansas Battalion, Hindman’s Brigade, Bowling Green Ky. Bolling Green Ky was under Confederate occupation at this time. Other than some minor staining at the upper left and a slight reduction at the left not affecting anything, the cover is very clean and shows absolutely excellent postal use with a significant military history.

The 1st Ark Inf Bat at this time was part of the army occupying portions of Kentucky. The unit was redesignated 12/61 as the 18th Ark Inf and then in early 1862 as the Confederate 3rd Inf with John S. Marmaduke as the Colonel. Marmaduke was later  promoted Brig-Gen and Maj-Gen and was the one who killed CSA Brig-Gen L. M. Walker in a duel over a personal matter later in the war. A short biography of Gen Marmaduke (1833-1887) accompanies the cover. The addressee, Capt Elliot H. Fletcher along with his 16 year old brother, were both Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Shiloh 4/6/1862.
$850.00
AR94
10/31/2021
Stampless cover with the small single rim Hamburg, Ark CDS and manuscript "Due 10" 15 AUG. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mollie Slemons, Monticello, Drew Co., Arks. The cover went through without a soldier's endorsement, but the cover was sent by Col W. F. Slemons of the 2nd Ark Cav home to his wife. Minor reduction at the right where opened and light staining at bottom center and upper right, otherwise a very clean appearing cover.

William Ferguson Slemons (1830-1918), a lawyer by profession, was first Major and then Colonel of the 2nd Ark Cav. In 1863 and 1864, he commanded a brigade in the Trans-Mississippi but did not receive a promotion as Brig-Gen. On 10/25/1864, Col Slemons and most of his unit were captured at the Battle of Mine Creek (Linn County, Kansas during Gen Sterling Price's Missouri Campaign). Col Slemons was confined as a POW for the rest of the war first at Johnson's Island (Ohio) and then at Rock Island (Illinois). He was the last prisoner to leave Rock Island at the close of the war because he refused to take the Oath of Allegiance, and General Grant paroled him back home to Arkansas.  After the war, he resumed the practice of law in Monticello and served as a US Congressman from Arkansas 1875-1881. He also served as an Arkansas State Court Judge.
$550.00
AR95
10/31/2021
Stampless cover with the small single rim Austin, Ark CDS with an OCT (1862) date and a manuscript soldiers "Due 10". Endorsed at left “Theophilus Perry 1 Lieutenant Brown Co Rendel Regiment” and addressed to his wife Mrs. Theophilus Perry, Marshall, Harrison Co., Texas. This is a coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover with a little light foxing and staining and sealed back flap opening tears. The cover still retains an overall very clean appearance and has a very scarce Arkansas postmark.

The unit is Co F commanded by Capt Phil Brown of the 28th Tex Cav commanded by Col (later Brig-Gen) Horace Randal. Lieut Perry was later promoted Capt of the company. The 28th Tex Cav was dismounted in 1862 and fought in campaigns in Arkansas and western Louisiana. The letters between Capt Perry and his wife Harriet are quite well known and have been published. Unfortunately, Capt Perry did not survive the war as he was Killed-in-Action at Pleasant Hill 4/9/1864 (Red River Campaign).
$700.00
AR96
11/21/2021
Stampless cover (soldier's due) with a full strike of the small double circle Little Rock, Ark CDS and manuscript "Due 5" 8 JUN 1862. Folded Letter addressed to Miss Susan E. Shropshire, Granview, Johnson Co., Texas. Endorsed at left "B. N. Shropshire, Far(r)ier in Company A, Commanded by Capt Sanders, Col Sweets Regiment, Johnsons Brigade." The letter is a short poem titled "Forget-Me-Not." The notation indicates that it was composed and written by the soldier to his niece.  There is one internal fold split, a small unobtrusive edge tear at top center, and the bottom of the lettersheet has been cut off. But the letter is complete with nothing missing. Very clean cover with a very Fine overall appearance. Two former collector owner's handstamp initials on the back - E.H.W. (Ernest H. Wyche) and J.R.S. (unidentified). The cover is also Ex-Kaufmann.

Benjamin N. Shropshire entered service as 2nd Lieut of Co A 15th Texas Cav 3/1/1862 commanded by Capt (later Major) Valerius P. Sanders. The 15th Texas Cav was dismounted in July 1862 and fought the remainder of the war as an infantry unit. George H. Sweet (1830-1911) was promoted Colonel of the regiment 4/1/1862. The regiment was captured at Arkansas Post 1/11/1863 and exchanged a few months later. It is interesting that the soldier identifies himself in the endorsement as a "farrier" which is someone who cares for the horses (particularly the horses hooves). Not a position occupied by an officer. So the assumption is that he may have lost his commission and been reduced to the ranks. But there is no further record.
$425.00



-- FLORIDA --

Florida is the next scarcest state usage after Arkansas.
FL158

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 24 DEC (1861) (Christmas Eve Cover). Addressed to Miss Marian Presbury, Early Grove, Marshall County, Mississippi. The addressee was the daughter of Rev Willard Presbury, the rector of St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church in Early Grove, Miss. Unable to identify the sender who most likely was a friend or relative in a Mississippi unit in the Pensacola-Warrington area. Backflap opening tears with a sealed top center edge tear. Still a very clean appearing cover. $350.00
 FL163

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin but close on the right) tied by the Monticello, Flor CDS 19 NOV. Addressed to Miss J. E. Conrad, Harrisonburg, Rockingham, Va. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise a very clean cover. $325.00
FL164

CSA #12d (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Quincy, Flor CSA 1 MAR. Addressed to Col David C. Barrow, Athens, Ga. The addressee was a Georgia planter and plantation owner. The “Col” title was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Cover with a little edge wear across the top and minor reductions right and bottom not affecting anything. Overall a very clean appearance with a nice stamp and Florida postmark. $300.00
FL167

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just touches at left) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 23 JUL. Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Maj Lamar Cobb, Macon, Georgia. Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) was the son of CSA General and former Georgia Governor Howell Cobb. Lamar Cobb entered service as a private in Co B 2nd Batt Ga Inf in April 1861 and was soon appointed Sergt-Maj of the 16th Ga Inf. In Sept 1862, he was commssioned as 1st Lieut (promoted Capt in June 1863 and Maj in December 1863) and served on his father's staff as an ADC and AAG. Very Fine cover. $350.00
FL168

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 23 JAN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover with a Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Brig Genl Howell Cobb, Quincy, Fla. Howell Cobb was a major political figure of the day. Former Speaker of the US House of Representatives and former Governor of Georgia and former Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan, Howell Cobb was a founder of the Confederacy and served as the President of the Secession Convention in 1861 as well as President of the Provisional Confederate Congress until he resigned to join the military reaching the rank of Major General in September 1863. He was also a serious candidate for the Confederate presidency but was defeated by Jefferson Davis. Very Fine Cover. $350.00
FL169

Handstamp PAID (manuscript "Paid 10cts") with the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS 9 NOV (1862). The cover is from the well-researched Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with a Military and Railroad Address to Mr. D. H. Bryant Care Capt Robt Harrision, Hart’s Station, Flor R. Rd E. Fla. Robert Harrison was Captain of Co K 2nd Fla Cav, a unit which spent the war in Forida. The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course across the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. These Welaka covers from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence, very scarce to begin with, over the last number of years have been disappearing into various collections and are now only very rarely offered for sale. This cover is exceptionally fine and has a 2008 PF Certificate. $1,600.00
FL170

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor toning at the upper left corner) tied by an exceptionally nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 18 JUN. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the University of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine cover. Note on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride. Very Fine, PF Certificate 1982. $350.00
FL172

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with a partial strike of the Monticello, Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Hon Wm E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Adversity Cover made from a ruled unused Ledger Page with the ruled lines both on the inside and the outside of the cover. William Ephraim Smith (1829-1890) was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. At the beginning of the war, he served as a lieutenant (later captain) in the 4th Ga Inf until 1863 when he was elected as a representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he served as a US Congressman from Georgia 1875-1881. Very clean cover. $500.00
FL173

Handstamp PAID 5 Type D with the Pensacola, Fla CDS 13 AUG (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine. $250.00
FL176

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 14 APR (1864). Addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the Univeristy of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a very fine cover. $325.00
FL177

CSA #12 (AD) (margin touches at left) tied by a very nice strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 14 SEP (1863). Cover from the Cobb Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Lamar Cobb, Athens, Georgia. On arrival in Athens, the cover was forwarded to Gainesville, Georgia Care E. Pace Esq with the addition of a CSA #11a Milky Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Athens, Ga CDS (date not apparent) to pay the forwarding fee. Major Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) was a staff officer and AAG to his father Maj Gen Howell Cobb on Quincy, Florida. Small cover with small parts of backflap missing and some staining on the reverse which does not affect the face of the cover or detract from an overall very fine appearance. Excellent example of a forwarded cover with a Florida use. $525.00
FL178

CSA #1 Stone 2 Plated as Position 26 (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom with a little minor gum toning) tied by a full strike of the Pensacola, Fla CDS 10 MAR (1862). Orange paper cover address to Mrs. M. E. Conoley, Selma, Ala. The sender was Lt Col John F. Conoley (1811-1883) of the 4th Ala Infantry Battalion (consolidated shortly after this letter was written into the 29th Ala Inf) a Gulf Coast unit that was in Pensacola at this time. John F. Conoley was promoted Colonel of the 29th Ala Inf on 12/9/1862. The 29th Ala Inf later joined the Army of Tennessee in 1864 and fought from the Atlanta Campaign through to Bentonville. Cover with a very clean appearance. $600.00
FL180

Gainesville, Fla Handstamp PAID 10(ms) 22 MAR. Wallpaper Cover with a fancy geometric pattern in Green, Light Blue, and Red displayed flapped up from the bottom. Military Address to Capt T. B. Fraser, Sumter District, S. Carolina. Captain Fraser was the Quartermaster for the 9th SC Inf. Very Fine Wallpaper Cover from the Briggs Collection. Wallpaper covers from Florida are quite scarce with only about a dozen or so in the Briggs Census. $1,800.00
 FL182

Ocala, Fla "Paid 20cts" with Handstamp PAID (double weight rate) 19 NOV (month inverted). Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James B. (cannot decipher the last name), Barboursville, Orange Co., Va. Minor edge and corner wear. The only recorded example of an Ocala, Fla "Paid 20" according to the Briggs Census. Ex-Briggs Collection. $550.00
FL183

Pensacola, Flor CDS (Flor CD is much scarcer than the Fla CDS) Handstamp PAID 5 (Type D) 22 AUG (1861). Addressed to Mrs. E. T. Hoopes, Vicksburg, Miss. On arrival in Vicksburg, the covers was forwarded to Port Gibson, Miss by adding the small double circle Vicksburg, Miss CDS (date not apparent) and the Vicksburg Handstamp PAID 5 (Type B) to pay the forwarding fee. Period docketing at left "Miss(issippi) Troops."  The cover was sent by Private E. T. Hoopes of the 10th Miss Inf home to his wife. The unit was in Pensacola at this time. Cover opened at the right with a minor edge fault at the lower right. Ex Briggs Collection. $750.00
FL184

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 17 NOV 1862. Use is well after the fall of the Pensacola-Warrington area to the Union in MAY 1862 and represents use from Pollard, Ala as the Warrington postmaster fled north to Pollard (just across the state line north of Pensacola) where he continued to service army mail using the Warrington, Fla postmark at least into NOV 1863. Small ladies cover with floral "Happiness" embossing around the sides. Addressed to Miss Jane H. Hallman, Jena, Tuscaloosa Co., Ala. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. Ex Briggs Collection. $1,800.00
FL191

Turned Cover - First use (inside) Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. James M. Troy, Monticello, Florida. Second use (outside) Monticello, Flor Handstamp PAID 10 Type C  21 SEP. Addressed to Mr. William M. Jones, Dixie, Brooks County, Georgia. Very clean cover. $375.00
FL193

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 14 JUL. Addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. Turned Cover with the inside use all in manuscript from Quitman, Ga Jun 28 Paid 10 to Mr. David McMullen, Sanderson, Fla. David J. McMullen (1835-1896) from Brooks County, Ga (Quitman was the Court House of Brooks County) enlisted as a private in Co I 2nd Fla Cav 3/26/1862. Private McMullen took the cover he received from his home town, turned it, and used it to send a letter to his girl friend Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884) in Madison Court House, Florida, whom he married in 1866.  Cover shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $275.00
FL195

CSA #11 (AD) (very small margin nick at top left) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS with a JUL date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Part of back side flap missing, edge wear, and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL196

CSA #11 (AD) (stamp with small edge faults at top right corner) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 28 JUL. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Cover is complete but shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL197

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a much better than average strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 26 DEC. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. C. Glenn, Danielsville, Georgia In Care R. E. Hitchcock. Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything. $225.00
FL198

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin with light gum staining at the right lower corner) tied by the Pensacola, Fla CDS 6 JAN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. M. A. E. Mooney, Greenville, So. Ca,. Clean cover. Ex-Kohn. $500.00
FL199

CSA #11 (AD) (margin touches at left) tied by the Madison, Fla CDS 6 JAN. Addressed to Mr. J. Mason Pilcher, Box 899, Richmond, Va. Turned Cover with the inside addressed to Miss M. Ellen Pilcher Care Dr. B. J. Du Val, Madison, Florida. The inside use is an attorneys printed advertising corner card "Chiles H. Ferrell, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Halifax Court House, VIRGINIA." The Advertising Cover corner card on the inside has been flapped out for display. The stamp for the inside use was affixed over the corner card but is now missing. A remnant of the Richmond, Va postmark can be seen over the advertising. $450.00
FL200

CSA #1 (stamp has an upper sheet margin and does not plate to Stone 1 or Stone 2 and therefore must be Stone A/B) (margin touches at left center with gum toning) tied by a partial strike of the Warrington, Fla CDS (date not apparent). Addressed Mrs Laura B. Clanton Care of Mrs S. Clanton, Como, Panola County, Mississippi. Routing instruction at lower left "via Mobile & Jackson Less than 500 Miles."  Cover roughly opened at the top not involving the stamp or postmark and repaired to a very presentable appearance. $150.00
FL202

Stampless Pensacola, Fla handsatmp PAID 5 Type D 25 JUN (1861) early use. Addressed to Mrs. Wm P. Duncan, Box No 621, New Orleans, La. Possibly sent by a Louisiana soldier home to a wife or mother but unable to identify the sender. Top backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $275.00
FL204

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Tallahassee, Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. Very clean cover.

The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the University of Georgia libraries.
$250.00
 FL205

CSA #12 (AD) Opaline Blue (margin just a little clipped at the left upper corner) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 25 SEP (1863). Cover from the Cobb Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Lamar Cobb, Athens, Geo. Very clean cover.

The cover is from Major Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) home to his wife. Major Lamar Cobb was a staff officer and AAG to his father Maj Gen Howell Cobb in Quincy, Florida.
$250.00
 FL206

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin in at the left and with small faults) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap (not damaged in opening) and tied by a very weak strike of an indecipherable town CDS (date not apparent). Coarse brown paper cover with a Military Address on the face of the cover to Mr. George W. Glenn, Quincy, Florida in care of Capt J. H. Til(l)er, Echols Artillery. On arrival in Quincy, the Quincy, Flor CDS 1 APR was applied to the front of the cover with a manuscript "Due 10." It is apparent that the Quincy postal clerk did not notice the stamps on the reverse and treated the cover as unpaid by assessing "Due 10" postage. Minor reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything. Minor staining, otherwise a very clean cover.

Echols Battery Ga Light Artillery was assigned to the Department of  South Carolina and Florida and was engaged at the Battle of Olustee in February 1864. Sgt G. W. Glenn was a member of Co C commanded by Capt John Hopson Tiller (1827-1900). Capt Tiller was from Oglethorpe, Ga, and the unit was raised in that area. So it is safe to assume that the cover originated from that part of Georgia.
$300.00
 FL207

CSA #12c AD Greenish-Blue (margin irregular into the design on the right) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 27 JAN. Addressed to Miss Catherine McGeachy, St Pauls NC. Cover with a repaired lower right corner and reduced at the left where opened. Small piece missing from the top back flap which was used for the corner repair. Very clean appearing cover.

Catherine McGeachy (1835-1923) had a boyfirend, Duncan Alexander Buie (1833-1918), who served as a Sergt in the 3rd NC Artillery. They would marry after the war in 1866. His unit was never assigned to Florida but was in the Wilmington Cape Fear region of North Carolina. So his presence in Lake City, Fla cannot be confirmed. The addressee also had a brother, John David McGeachy (1842-1899), who served as a private in the 51st NC Inf. This unit was an ANV regiment and was never in Florida, so he could not have been the sender of this cover.
$150.00

 FL208
4/18/2021
CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 18 APR (1865). Coarse brown paper cover, which appears to be homemade, addressed to Mrs. J. W. Robertson Care of Dr. E. M. Allen, Cuthburt, Ga. Routing instruction at the lower left "via Albany." The original letter remains with the cover from the addressee's husband which confirms the 1865 yeardate. In the lengthy letter, the husband attempts to comfort his wife during hardships. The letter does have somewhat of a frantic tone to it, but it is difficult to read the handwriting. Would benefit from a transcription. Very late use nine days after the Appomattox surrender, and is currently believed to be the latest recorded Confederate use from Florida. The cover is listed in the Briggs Census in his book on Florida Civil War postal history. This is the first time this cover has been offered for sale in almost 30 years. Ex- Morris Everett. Very clean cover. $1,500.00
SOLD

 FL209
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with a partial strike of the small single rim Newnansville, Fla CDS with handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 20 JAN (1862). Addressed to Messers Spain, Richardson & Gay, Sumterville SC. Very clean cover with the original letter which is a short business letter datelined "Newnansville, Fla Jan 20/62" concerning a court case. Cover not listed in the Briggs Census.$350.00

 FL210
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the St Marks, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 26 JAN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover with a light pencil address to Capt W. E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Clean appearing cover. Six Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, William Ephraim ("Tete") Smith (1829-1890), was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. He entered service 4/28/1861 as a Lieutenant in Co E 4th Ga Inf and promoted Captain 4/28/1862. He was severely wounded at King's School House (Va) also known as the Battle of Oak Grove which was the first of the Seven Days Battles of the Peninsula Campaign 6/25/1862. His wound resulted in the amputation of his right leg. He was discharged from service 8/1/1862 due to his wound but recovered and was elected in late 1863 as a Georgia representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he continued the practice of law. He was elected to the US House of Representatives 1875-1881 and served later in the Georgia State Senate. This cover is from the time after his discharge from the army while he was home in Albany, Georgia, recovering from his amputation.
$250.00

 FL211
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the usual somewhat weak strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS  and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 2 DEC (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. O. L. Stephens, Thomasville, Ga.  Clean and complete cover. Twenty-nine Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census.$200.00

 FL212
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 23 DEC (1861). This cover is the listing cover for the Type B PAID 5 illustration in the current CSA Catalog. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Thomas Jones, Thomasville, Geo. Unsigned notation on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride "Very fine - scarce marking (new listing next Dietz Catalog)." Very Fine. Only 2 Type B covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Lavinia Young Jones (1810-1891), was the wife of Thomas Jones (1802-1869), a wealthy Thomas County, Georgia, planter. Their plantation was known as "Greenwood."  The original Greenwood plantation home built in 1830 partially burned down in the 1960's but was rebuilt and is a favorite location for movies featuring plantation homes. They had a son, James Young Jones (1827-1877) who owned a plantation in Jefferson County, Florida, and who served in the Florida State Legislature and may have been the sender of this cover. Jefferson County, Florida, is just across the state line from Thomas County, Georgia.  Two sons served in the Confederate Army -- Thomas William Jones (1839-1894) Pvt Co B Cobb's Georgia Legion Infantry, and Henry Francis Jones (1841-1864) Lieutenant and Adjutant Cobb's Ga Legion Cavalry Killed-in-Action 6/13/1864 at the Skirmish of White Oak Swamp (Va) during the Siege of Petersburg.
$350.00

 FL213
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the Quincy, Flor CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 8 MAY with exceptionally nice strikes of the postal markings. Addressed to C. G. Griswold Esq, Att at Law, Richmond, Va. Period docketing indicates that the contents (no longer with the cover) concerned a court case. Very minor edge and corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. Only 4 Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census.$350.00

 FL214
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the Mariana, FLA CDS (dateless) and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. James J. Philips, Battleboro, North Carolina. Very clean cover. Seven Type A covers listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Dr. James Jones Philips (1798-1874), was a physician and planter in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. The correspondence between Dr Jones and his cousin Ethelred Philips (1801- 1870), a physician and planter located in Mariana, Florida, is extensive. This cover is from that correspondence. The Jones family papers are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapell Hill.
$250.00

 FL215
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with an excellent strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5(ms)  10 AUG (1861). This Tallahassee PAID 5(ms) is listed in the current CSA catalog as unsupported. This cover certainly supports the listing. Addressed to Mrs. Ann W. Habersham Care of Robgt Habersham & Son, Savannah, Georgia. A little light staining at the right otherwise a very presentable cover. Cover PAID 5(ms) not listed in the Briggs Census.

The addressee, Ann Wylly Adams Habersham (1795-1876), had a son Dr Joseph Clay Habersham (1829-1881), a graduate of Harvard Medical School, who served the Confederate Army as a Surgeon Major and as a Brigade Surgeon and later as a Post Surgeon at Savannah where he practiced medicine after the war. However, Dr Habersham was not the sender of this cover. The sender is not identified.
$300.00

 FL216
8/29/2021
Stampless cover with the Madison CH, FLA CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type C 10 APR (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. James B. Newman, Barboursville, Orange, Va. Thirty-one Type C covers listed in the Briggs Census.$250.00

 FL217
9/2/2021
Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type D 21 JUN (1861). Addressed to Mrs Joseph Lorde, Monmouth, Natchez, Mississippi. Top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. Fifty-eight Type D covers listed in the Briggs Census.$250.00

 FL218
9/2/2021
Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type E 16 AUG (1861). Addressed to Mrs. Wm P. Duncan, Box 621, New Orleans, La. Minor back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. Only 5 Type E covers are listed in the Briggs Census. $300.00

 FL219
9/2/2021
Stampless cover with the Pensacola, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type F 5 JUL (1861). Addressed to Mrs. E. C. Young, Cartersville, Georgia. Cover with a little edge and corner wear and a little light foxing. Small reduction on the left. Thirty-one Type F covers in the Briggs Census.$150.00

 FL222
9/4/2021
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Monticello, Flor CDS 27 JUL. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. John W. Hopewell, Staunton, Va. Very Fine. The Briggs Census lists only 5 covers with the CSA #11 stamp and the Monticello, Flor postmark.$400.00

 FL224
9/4/2021
Stampless cover with the Warrington, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 3 NOV (1861). Addressed to Mrs. J. D. Alison Care of Capt R. S. Hatcher, Cahaba, Ala. The Briggs Census lists 85 type B covers from Warrington. Very clean cover.

Capt Robert S. Hatcher (1802-1872) was a very wealthy planter in Dallas County, Alabama. He was active in politics serving in the pre-war Alabama State Legislature and the Alabama State Senate. The origin of the designation of "Captain" is not known. Given his age, there is no record of his having served in the Confederate Army.
$225.00

 FL226
9/9/2021
CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tie by a much better than average strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 14 JUL. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Jas H. Parker Esq, Enfield, No. Carolina. Very clean appearing cover with part of back flap missing and used to perform an edge repair at the upper left. The repair is quite well done and very unobtusive. The Briggs Census lists 20 covers from Tallahassee with the CSA #11 stamp.

James Harvey Parker (1823-1899), the addressee, is listed in the Federal Census of 1860 as a very wealthy planter in Halifax County NC.
$125.00

 FL227
9/9/2021
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Newnansville, Fla CDS 15 MAR (1864). Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Capt C. P. Crawford, Company C, Bonaud's Battalion, Lake City, Florida. Routing instructions at top left "The PM at Lake City will please forward to the army near Jacksonville, Fla." Minor corner wear, otherwise a very clean and complete cover. There are 3 covers listed in the Briggs Census with the CSA #11 stamp from Newnansville, and this cover is not one of the three listed.

The unit in the address was the 28th Ga Heavy Artillery Battalion commanded by Major A. Bonaud. Charles Peter Crawford (1831-1900) was transferred to that unit as Captain of Co C 8/1/1863. The unit took part in the Battle of Olustee 2/20/1864 about a month prior to this cover. After the war, Capt Crawford was a prominent lawyer in Milledgeville, Ga.
$350.00

 FL228
9/9/2021
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Madison C. H., Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Mary Cumming, Warthens Store, Washington Co., Georgia. Very clean cover. Ex-Gallegher. The Briggs Census lists 17 covers from Madison Court House with the CSA #11 stamp.$200.00

 FL229
10/31/2021
CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by a very decent strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 19 DEC. Adversity Cover made from a printed Land Office Form and very nicely displayed with the bottom flap turned up. Addressed to Mrs. George J. Kollock, Savannah, Georgia. On arrival in Savannah, the cover was forwarded to Mobile, Ala with the addition of a partial strike of the Savannah, Geo “Stars” Fancy Cancel and the Savannah handstamp “FORWARDED 10” Type Q to assess the forwarding fee. This cover is the listing cover for the Savannah "FORWARDED 10" handstamp and was used for the illustration seen in the catalog. Just some slight edge wear but otherwise a Very Fine appearance and an excellent postal use.Ex-Powell.
$1,000.00

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Postal History Part 2

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