CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 1

Alabama -- Arkansas -- Florida


New Covers Added 17 SEP 2019

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
ALABAMA ARKANSAS FLORIDA







-- ALABAMA --

AL328

CSA #7 Horz Pair London Paper (margin very close at the top left) tied by a partial strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 9 AUG. There are an additional two strikes (one complete and one partial) of the same CDS on the cover away from the stamps. Addressed to Miss Fannie H. Leverich Care of Wm E. Leverich Esqr, Mobile, Ala. Minor backflap opening tear otherwise Very Fine.
$125.00
AL374

CSA #2b Paterson Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 20 OCT. Addressed to Mrs. A. M. Garber, Livingston, Ala. Part of backflap missing and a minor corner fault at upper left, but still a very clean cover with a Very Fine stamp. $350.00
AL405

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 9 JUL 1862. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Anderson W. Walton, Augusta, Georgia. Light edge staining particularly at the left and a backflap opening tear, but still an absolutely beautiful stamp. $350.00
AL426

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional (faults with irregular margin at the left which is along the top edge as the stamp is affixed sideways) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 13 DEC 1861.  Addressed to James Robinson Esq, Huntsville, Ala.  Expertly sealed backflap and top edge tears with an equally expert edge repair at the top right. $750.00
AL442

USA Star Die with the Summerfield, Ala CDS 4 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Alabama.  Addressed to Mr. James W. Evans, Jackson, Alabama.  Part of backflap missing and backflap opening tears, but still an overall Very Fine appearance. $250.00

AL446

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just a little close at the top) tied by the Mobile, Ala small double circle CDS 12 JAN (most lilely 1863). Adversity Cover made from an unused printed Mobile cotton shipping form. From the Muldrow Correspondence addressed to W. C. Muldrow Esq, Tibbee Station, Miss. The addressee, William C. Muldrow was the brother of Henry Lowndes Muldrow (1837-1905) who very possibly sent this cover to his brother. Henry L. Muldrow, a lawyer by profession, was the Lt Col of the 11th Miss Cav. Col Muldrow had prior service as a Captain in Co C. 14th Miss Inf. After the war, he had a distinguished political carreer serving in the Mississippi State Legislature and the US Congress as well as serving as a trustee of the University of Mississippi. William Cannon Muldrow, the older brother, inherited and operated the family plantation. He first enlisted in Co C 14th Miss Inf in 1861 (same unit as his brother) and soon was promoted Captain of the Company. He was captured as a POW at Fort Donelson and confined for nine months at Camp Douglas until exchanged at Vicksburg. In 1864 when the 11th Miss Cav was organzied, Capt Muldrow transferred to his brother’s unit and served as Lieut and later Capt of Co H 11th Miss Cav. After the war, Capt Muldrow continued to farm and run the family’s plantation in Mississippi. Just a little minor water staining but still a very fine cover displayed flapped from the left and tied toa prominent Mississippi family. $300.00
AL451

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (margins a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Tuskegee, Ala CDS with a MAY date (not a commonly seen blue postmark). Addressed to Miss Bettie Scarborough, Mt Gillead (Gilead) NC.  Very Fine. $150.00
AL455

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside): Montgomery, Ala to L. C. Garland, President, Tuskaloosa, Ala but the stamps are missing. 2nd Use (outside): CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 1 MAR and addressed to Mrs. M. Lewis Lackey, Lexington, Rockbridge Co., Virginia. Landon Cabell Garland (1810-1895) (the addressee of the 1st use) was the President of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.  Cover flapped down from the upper right corner to display part of the address from the inside use.  Intact cover with just a little light foxing. $175.00
AL465

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Eufaula, Ala 28 JUL (most likely 1864) addressed to Mrs. John D. McCollough Care of Revd J. D. McCollough, Unionville, So. Ca. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) pen-cancelled with no postal markings to The Rev J. H. Cornish, Aiken SC. Period docketing at left “Summons to the Council Recd April 17th 1865.” The original enclosure is with the second use at dates the cover to Unionville SC April 8th 1865 which is the day before Lee’s surrender. The enclosure announces the meeting of the Diocesan Council (Episcopal) at Camden on May 24th next and is signed by Revd McCollough as the secretary. John DeWitt McCollough (1824-1900) at the beginning of the war served as the Chaplain of Holcombe’s South Carolina Legion. Very coarse paper homemade type adversity cover with very late useage from Unionville (now known as Union) the court house of Union County SC in mid April 1865. This part of northwest South Carolina was still under Confederate control at that time. Cover has been flapped up from the lower right corner to display both stamps. Very Fine. $450.00
AL466

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close at the bottom with a large upper sheet margin) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 25 JUL 1864. Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. Charles M. Wallace Care Mr. Wallace, Richmond, Va. Charles Montriou Wallace was a prominent Richmond merchant. Minor backflap opening tear. Very Fine cover. $125.00
AL467

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Mobile, Ala double circle CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Richmond, Virginia with the name of the addressee obliterated as was often the custom in the late 19th or early 20th Century when these covers first entered the collector’s market. Adversity Cover made from what appears to be a printed but unused bank form displayed flapped over from the top left. The display covers the part of the address that has been obliterated giving the cover a Very Fine appearance. $250.00
AL479

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 7 OCT. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Mary F. Gilliam Care of Maj L. Gilliam, Okolona, Miss. L. Gilliam was a wealthy planter in the Okolona area. The title was prewar and not associated with the Confederate Army. Sealed backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine Cover. $125.00
AL487

CSA #12f (AD) (perforated on left and bottom with straight edge top and right) tied by two strikes of the Demopolis, Ala CDS (one dated 10 JAN and the second dated 11 JAN). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. R. C. Pettigrew, Eutaw Green Cty, Ala. The stamp is from Postion 10 (right end stamp in the top row) as the top and sides of the sheet typically were not perforated. Accompanying the cover is a note from an old time stamp dealer, Robert Nelson, dated 11/23/1920 in which he states that he has seen such a full sheet of the perforated stamps with the top and sides not perforated and that the sheet was then owned by L. S. Knapp. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Bogg and with a Molesworth note as well. PF Certificate 1983. $1,000.00
AL492

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Selma, Ala CDS 3 JAN. Addressed to A. Jones Esqr, Columbiana, Ala. Minor staining upper right, light vertical file folds, part of back side flap missing. Still a very presentable appearance and quite a nice stamp.  $65.00
AL493

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margins in at top and left) with the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A) with the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS at the lower left 26 JAN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Sarah Davenport, Rogersville, Al(a). The original letter remains with the cover written on high quality blue lined paper with an embossed British watermark of St George and the Dragon. The handwriting and spelling of the letter is atrocious making it difficult to read but does mention a big battle is expected in Virginia with 150 thousand men on each side and another big battle is expected in Tennessee. There were no major battles in Virginia at the time of this letter. Fort Donelson and Island No 10 were captured by the Union about two weeks after this letter was written. A little minor edge wear and some minor light foxing but still Very Fine. Ex-Skinner. $800.00
AL499
 
CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 47 (4-Margin with the top part of the adjacent stamp visible below which would be Position 7 with the narrow horizontal gutter between the upper and lower transfer panes) with a very nice strike of the Tuscaloosa “Star” fancy cancel (AC-15A). The Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS is to the left 5 JUN (1862). Addressed to Mr. Gaius Whitfield, Demopolis, Ala. Missing backflap, a little overall light foxing, and an edge repair at the upper left. Still a very presentable cover with a scarce fancy cancel. Ex-Bogg. $600.00
AL500

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala Handstamp PAID 5 (RED) Provisional 16 SEP 1861. Addressed to Mr. James H. Barr, Jefferson, Jackson Co., Ga. Cover with a little overall light foxing and a little edge wear but with bold strikes of the postal markings and a clean appearance. Cover is listed on Page 228 of Survey of the Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals. Ex-Walcott. $1,000.00
AL501
 
CSA #5 Position 49 (4-Margin with edge gum toning) tied by a full strike of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 26 OCT 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Evan Edwards, Abbeville SC. Backflap opening tears. Small sealed edge tear top center. Very clean appearing cover. $400.00
AL503

CSA #59xu1a Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 on PAID 5 revalued Handstamp Provisional with the provisional marks in RED. Montgomery, Ala CDS 10 JUL 1861. Addressed to Capt Jno W. A. Sanford, Norfolk, Virginia. John William Agustine Sanford (1825-1913) entered service as a private in Ch H 4th Ga Inf and transferred to the 3rd Ala Inf Batt Hilliards Legion where he rose in rank to Lt Col 6/25/1862. In Nov 1863, he was promoted Col of the 60th Ala Inf. After the war, he served as the Attoney General of Alabama. This is a cover front only which has been rebacked for preservation. The upper left corner has been repaired in the past including the top part of the postmark to a Very Fine overall appearance and can easily be exhibited. This cover is one of five recorded revalued examples and is pictured on Page 236 of the Crown Survey. PF Certificate 1976 which shows the cover prior to the left upper corner repair. Ex-Walcott, Ex-Brandon. $1,500.00
AL525

USA #26 tied by a bold strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 FEB 1861 USA Used in CSA Alabama one day after the formation of the Confederate government from the first capital of the Confederacy. Addressed to Mr. H. H. Boyce, Winnsboro, Fairfield Dist., South Carolina. Most of top backflap missing but a very clean cover with excellent postal use. $650.00
AL528

Soldiers (Due) 10 Type F with the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Jane S. Neely, Smiths Turnout SC. Endorsed at left “A Soldiers Letter Co A 42 Tenn Regt of Infantry (42nd Ten Inf).” Minor edge and corner wear, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
AL532

CSA #58x1 Mobile 2c Black Provisional (margin in at top left and close at bottom right) tied by a weak strike of the Mobile, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Cover originally addressed as a Drop Letter to Dr. Matt Clay, Mobile, Ala but was forwarded to Bayou La Batre, Ala (an obscure post office on the coast of Mobile County). It appears the cover was missent to Brookville, Miss instead with the application of the Brookville, Miss CDS 11 MAR (1862) and the Brookville Handstamp PAID 5 Type A mark apparently applied to pay the forwarding fee. Docketing at the top with a Charge Box notation and “Private in Mobile Dragoons.” The meaning is unclear and could refer to either the sender or the addressee. At this time, the “Mobile Dragoons” were located at “Camp Dragoon” in Bayou La Batre. In any case, the forwarding fee probably should not have been assessed because of the military docketing. Very interesting use needing further research. This is a known cover that was once part of the Zimmerman 2c exhibit and is believed to be the only recorded example of a 2c Black Mobile Provisional on a forwarded cover. The cover has been professionally cleaned and restored. $3,500.00
AL534

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin with just a little minor toning) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 10 OCT 1861. Addressed to Mrs. S. J. McPherson, Wheeler Garthwaite & Co, New Orleans, La. Complete cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything and period receiving docketing on the face of the cover. $1,000.00
AL535

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin but just a little close at the upper right) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 20 AUG 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Stephen Boullement Care of A. H. Hansell, New Orleans, La. Part of backflap torn away, just a little light foxing, and a small sealed edge tear at the upper left. Cover with an overall very clean appearance and a very nice stamp. $1,000.00
AL536

CSA #59xu1 Montgomery, Ala PAID 5 Provisional (T. Welsh PAID 5 mark in red) with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 5 SEP 1861. Addressed to Genl Daniel Ruggles, Pensacola, Florida. Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897) commanded briefly in Pensacola before going to New Orleans in early 1862 where he organized a brigade. He competently commanded a division at Corinth (Miss) in 1862. But afterwards his duties were administrative commanding departments and districts. He later became the Commissary General of Prisoners in March 1865 after the death of Gen Winder. Gen Ruggles was Massachusettes born but married into a Virginia family and made Fredericksburg his home and is buried there. Very Fine cover.Ex-Finney, Ex-Peters, Ex-Powell. $1,000.00
AL537

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin in at top right) tied by a partial strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS (date not apparent). Light green paper cover addressed to Mr. S. J. Bolling, Greenville, Ala. Period docking (dates the cover to April 1863) on the face of the cover concerning the original contents which are no longer with the cover. Small part of backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $75.00
AL538

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin with a light pre-affixing crease) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 5 JAN 1862. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a printed legal document dealing with an unpaid debt. Addressed to Jos C. Rye, Cash, Columbia, Maury Co., Tenn. On the reverse is an old fancy handstamp from a late 19th century Philatelic Firm “F. B. Stebbins, Philatelist and Antiquarian, Adrian, Mich.” Adversity use displayed flapped down from the left to a Very Fine appearance. $450.00
AL539

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a very minor short transfer at the upper right corner) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with a NOV 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. H. D. Boutwell, Eutaw, Ala. Very Fine. $250.00
AL540

USA Star Die with the BLUE Talladega, Ala CDS 22 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Alabama to Union Ohio. Addressed to Messers Powell & Vandeman Delaware, Delaware Co, Ohio. Light horizontal file fold above center, otherwise Very Fine. The use of a Star Die from Talladega during this period is not listed in the new CSA Catalog. $300.00
AL542

CSA #58x2 Mobile, Ala 5c Blue Provisional Horz Pair (margins just touch at left center and bottom center) tied by two clear stikes of the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 6 SEP 1861. Addressed to Henry S. Tuthill Esq, Huntsville, Ala. Minor edge wear and described with a sealed filing spindle hole in the center of the cover which is extremely unobtrusive. Very clean cover and an excellent example of a scarce pair on cover paying a double weight rate as the cover traveled less than 500 miles. PF Certificate 2012. $2,000.00
AL544

CSA #59xu9 Montgomery, Ala PAID 10 Provisional in Black with the Montgomery, Ala postmark dated 10 JAN (year not indicated). Believed to be one of four recorded examples of this Montgomery provisional marking. Addressed to Dr. R. H. Duggar, Talladega, Alabama. Dr. Reuben Henry Duggar (1837-1925) of Marengo County, Ala served in the Alabama Hospital Service during the war. The Hospital Service unit disbanded in Talladega, Ala in April 1865. The Duggar family correspondence is in the archives at the Auburn University Library. Period pencil docketing at left indicates that the original letter, which is no longer with the cover, was from a “Surg(eon) Michel.” Very clean cover.
$2,750.00
AL546

CSA #58x1 Mobile 2c Black Provisional (margin touches at the left and small nicks at the top margin) tied by the small Mobile, Ala double circle CDS 22 MAR 1862. Mobile Drop Letter addressed to Miss Maggie Marshall Care Mr. Wm T. Marshall, Mobile, Ala. Very minor reduction at the left and a backflap opening tear. Blue lined on the inside commercially made small ladies stationery. Notation on the back "12/27-88 Genuine Durbin & Hanes" The date is 1888. Durbin & Hanes was a prominent Philadelphia stamp dealership at the end of the 19th Century and apparently sold the cover in 1888. Very clean cover. Ex DK Collection.  $3,750.00
AL547

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with an 1861 date. Addressed to W. R. Bill Esq, Aberdeen, Miss. Advertising Cover with a green embossed shield for Wm C. Strong & Co GROCERS in Mobile. Reduced at left just into the advertising. $1,500.00
AL551

CSA #11e (AD) Perforated 12 1/2 (4-Margin with perfs clearing on three sides with several blind perfs and the bottom being a straight edge) tied by the Mobile, Ala CDS 23 JAN (1864). Coarse brown paper cover which is an Adversity Cover made from a printed page (war restriction notice) which has not been flapped open for display. Addressed to Mrs. C. Montgomery, Sharon, Miss. Stamp would be from the bottom row as the edges of the sheet were typically not perforated. Part of bottom back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $900.00
AL552

Boxed PAID 5(ms)cts handstamp Type A with a partial strike of the Bladen Springs, Ala CDS 18 OCT (1861). Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. H. Garber, Livingston, Sumter Co., Ala. Repaired upper right corner not affecting the postal markings. Not a commonly seen Alabama cover. Ex-Powell. $200.00
AL554

USA #26 tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 29 APR 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Treasury Department Confederate imprinted semi-official cover (Type TD-02) sent to Charleston SC. The address is in the hand of Christopher G. Memminger, the first Confederate Secretary of the Treasury. Very early and scarce use of a governmental imprinted cover from the first capital city of the Confederacy. The capital remained in Montgomery, Ala until it was moved to Richmond, Va in late May 1861. The stamp has faults, and the cover shows light staining and top edge wear. Still a very important piece of Confederate postal history. Used as an illustration on Page 186 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. $450.00
AL555

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close at the top right) tied by the Selma, Ala (1863) CDS 22 JAN. Semi-Official Imprinted Cover "OFFICIAL. Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (Type WD-QM-14). The stamps were originally affixed over the imprint but have been lifted and hinged to the left in order to display the imprint. Addressed to A. T. Jones Esqr, Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. Cover with a little light staining at the right, but otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Wulfekuhler. $350.00
AL557

USA #26 tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS. Date is poorly struck but is either 2- MAR or MAY 1861 (USA Used in CSA Alabama). The date is most likely in March as the cover is addressed to the North. Addressed to Mr. Henry Richardson, M&M Bank, Troy NY. Very clean cover with just a little edge wear at the lower right. $125.00
AL558

CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greensborough, Ala CDS 12 JAN (1863). Folded letter addressed to Genl John H. Cocke (1780-1866), Bremo Bluff, Fluvanna County, Va. The addressee was a general in the War of 1812 and on the board of the University of Virginia. He was also a close friend with Thomas Jefferson and wrote about Jefferson's slave mistresses in his diaries. He was the father of CSA Gen Philip St George Cocke who committed suicide 12/26/1861, the only general on either side who committed suicide during the war. The cover is a folded letter but it is not complete as it only contains the last page of the letter written in January 1863 from R. D. Powell, a friend of the addressee. The letter fragment mentions the loss of "Gary" killed in Virginia 12/11/1862. "These are truly mourning times. Nearly every family lost one or more." Very Fine Cover. $250.00
AL559

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin just touches at the top) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 7 SEP 1863. Course brown paper cover which appears to be homemade with Military Address to Capt Dudley W. Hopkins, Enterprise, Miss. Dudley W. Hopkins was commissioned Captain of Co B 37th Miss Inf 4/19/1862 and resigned 12/2/1864. Very Fine. $150.00
AL560

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) affixed over the embossing of a USA Star Die (Adversity Cover) with the red rim of the Star Die seen at the bottom of the right stamp. The stamps are tied by the usual somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the Selma, Ala CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. Wm H. Allen, Louisburg, Franklin County, North Carolina. Clean cover. Ex-Bogg. $250.00
AL561

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close at the left) tied by a full strike of the Selma, Ala CDS 4 DEC. Addressed to Genl W. P. Bocock, Prest A & M RRR Co (Alabama and Mississippi Rivers Railroad Co.), Demopolis, Ala. Not sure of the meaning of the title "General," but it was certainly not associated with the Confederate Army and was most likely honorary. Semi-Ofiicial Imprint at the upper right "OFFICIAL Quartermaster's Department, Selma, Ala." (WD-QM-14) in the CSA Catalog). Very Fine.  $450.00
AL562

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partialo strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala  CDS 28 OCT. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Wm W. McConnico, Pine Apple, Wilcox Co., Alabama. The cover was sent by Sergt William W. McConnico (1838-1918) of the 53rd Alabama Partisan Rangers Cavalry to his wife. W.W. McConnico first enlisted as a private in Co F 1st Ala Inf in 1861 and then had later service in the 53rd Ala Partisan Rangers Cavalry (an Army of Tennessee unit). Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the left where opened and a small sealed edge tear at lower left. $100.00
AL563

CSA #1 Vert Pair affixed sideways Stone 2 Positions 33, 43 (margin touches at the left) tied by three partial strikes of the Greensborough, Ala CDS 20 JUN (1862). Light brown cover with Military Address to Lieut Joseph Borden, 5th Ala Regt Comp D, 3rd Brigade Gen Rodes near Richmond, Va. Joseph Borden (1833-1905) began service as a Sergeant in 1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut in April 1862. The 5th Ala Inf was an ANV unit which remained with the ANV through to Appomattox taking part in all the major engagemets. No record of Lieut Borden's actual experiences, but he survived the war and is presumed to have been with his unit for the duration. Very clean cover. $400.00
AL564
 
CSA #10 Frame Line (4-Margin with full line at the bottom, most of the line at the right, and a small part of the left line at the bottom) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 21 MAY 1863. Addressed to Sam L. May Esqr Care of Bank of Tenn, Athens, Ga. Part of top back flap missing, but otherwsie a clean appearing cover and a nice representatve example for a general collection of the scarce frame line stamp on cover. $2,000.00
AL565

CSA #58x2 Mobile 5c Blue Provisional (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 23 OCT 1861. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. A. W. D. (cannot decipher the last name with certainty), Montgomery, Ala. Part of top back flap missing, sealed vertical edge tear at top right not affecting the stamp or the postmark, and a small sealed edge tear at the left bottom. Very clean appearing cover. $750.00
AL566

CSA #11 (AD) affixed sideways (margin a little irregular at the left) tied by a full bold strike of the Eufala, Ala CDS 15 SEP (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to J. M. Booker Esq, Lynchburg, Va. The original letter is with the cover but is difficult to read and appears to be business related. Clean cover signed "Dietz" on the back. $100.00
AL567
 
CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just a little close at the upper right corner) tied by the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS 17 JUN. Addressed to Mr. William N. Lawrence, Columbus, Miss. Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $100.00
AL568

CSA #7 Horz Pair vertically affixed (margin close at the bottom right and part of the adjacent stamp visible at the left) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS with a JUL date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. M. Meek, Columbia, Mississippi. The addressee was the wife of Lt Col Samuel Mills Meek, Jr.(1835-1901) of Columbus, Mississippi. Col Meek, a lawyer and prominent Mississippi politician, had service in the 1st Miss Inf and the 35th Miss Inf. Very clean cover. $100.00
AL569
6/13/2019
CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 16 JUL (1862). Adversity Cover made from an unused Mobile printed business document flapped up from the lower left for display. Addressed to Mrs. R. T. Simpson Care of Orrie Davis, Thorne Hill, Alabama with routing instruction "via Tuscaloosa."  Cover most likely sent by Lieut Robert Tennent Simpson (1837-1912) of the 1st Alabama Battalion of Artillery to his wife. This unit was assigned to defend Fort Morgan on Mobile Bay. He had later service as Captain of Co F 63rd Ala Inf. After the war, he practiced law and became a judge in Florence, Ala and was elected to the state legislature in 1882. Few sealed edge tears at the right where the cover was originally opened which are unobtrusive. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp.$400.00
AL572
6/13/2019
1st Use (outside) CSA #6 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by the same Montevallo, Ala CDS 21 FEB. Addressed to Dr. W. E. Rodgers, Montevallo, Ala (Overpaid Drop Letter). Turned Cover -- 2nd Use (inside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (right stamp significantly clipped with a scissors cut for some unknown reason prior to affixing) tied by a nice strike of the Montevallo, Ala CDS 24 FEB. Addressed to Mr. W. L. Long Care of Shelby Iron Works, Columbiana, Ala. The cover was apprently refolded to display the first drop letter use on the outside with the second use three days later to Columbiana, Ala on the inside. Flapped up from the lower left corner to display both stamps and postmarks. Excellent use combining a Turned Cover with an Overpaid Drop Letter. Very clean cover.$250.00
AL573
6/13/2019
CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with a small lower sheet margin) with the stamps showing fllled-in-frames at the bottom which is a catalog listed variety (CC 7-R-v2) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 14 MAY. Addressed to Miss Joyce W. Cloptin, Richmond, Virginia. Very clean cover with a very nice pair of stamp.$150.00
AL574
9/17/2019
Stampless "Paid 10" (ms) with the Demopolis, Ala CDS 20 MAY. Addressed to Col A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton, S. Ca. The addressee was the son of John C. Calhoun, and the title of “Col” was honorary. Very clean cover. Ex-Kohn.$125.00


-- ARKANSAS --

Outside of Missouri and Kentucky, Arkansas is the scarcest of the Confederate state uses.
AR81

Handstamp PAID 10 with a partial strike of the Arkadelphia, Ark CDS with a JAN date. Adversity use of a USA Star Die envelope as the Star Die did not pay any postage. Addressed to Dr. Nathan Bozeman, Central Institute, Alabama. Dr. Nathan Bozeman (1825-1905) had a long career as an illustrious and celebrated surgeon. During the war, he was in Confederate service on the Examining Board of Army Surgeons. Cover with minor lightfoxing. Ex-Gallagher.

$350.00  
AR82

“Paid 10cts” in manuscript with the El Dorado, Ark CDS 26 NOV (1861) (day logos inverted). Orange paper cover from the Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Scarce Arkansas use from Union County. Very Fine Ex-Agre.   $550.00
AR83

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 1 (margin in at bottom left corner and a small stain at the lower right corner) tied by a non-descript obliterator which appears to be a grid. At the left is the Little Rock, Ark small double circle CDS 27 MAY 1862. Addressed to State Land Agent, Jacksonport, Ark. Cover has some minor edge faults and a repaired left upper corner to an exhibit quality appearance. The cover is somewhat oversized at 7 1/2 x 3 1/2 inches but will still fit horizontally on an album page. Ex-Bush General Issue Exhibit showing the use of the Little Rock, Ark grid canceling the stamp which is quite an unusual CSA use for Little Rock. $500.00
AR84

Soldiers "Due 10" in manuscript with the Fort Smith, Ark small double circle CDS 8 FEB 1862. Addressed to Mr. C. C. Dunn, Montgomery, La. Endorsed at left "From R. E. Cole Winn Rifles 3rd La Regt." The unit in the endorsement is Co C 3rd La Inf. Private R. E. Cole is listed as wounded at Vicksburg. No further record. Wrapper type cover Very Fine. $450.00
AR85

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y (almost 4-Margin with a very small clip at the lower right corner and a worn impression) tied by the small double circle Little Rock, Ark CDS (date not fully apparent but appears to be MAR which would be 1863). Addressed to Mrs. M. E. McMahen, Burkeville PO, Newton County, Texas. The Stone Y stamp used in Arkansas is extremely scarce. $650.00
AR87

Stampless PAID 5 Type A with the Hillsboro, Ark CDS 12 OCT (1861). Military Address to Mr. Milton G. Keese, Bentonville, Benton Cty., Arkansas. Col Churchills Regiment, Capt Jones Co G 1st Ark Mt Rifles. Small commercially made lady's type stationery cover blue lined on the inside. The addressee was the 2nd Lt of Co G 1st Ark Mounted Rifles commissioned on 6/1/1861 (no further record). Thomas James Churchill (1824-1905) was the Colonel of the regiment and was promoted Brig-Gen 3/4/1862 and Maj-Gen 3/18/1865. After the war, Churchill served as psotmaster of Little Rock, as the Arkansas State Treasurer in the 1870's, and as The Governor of Arkansas 1881-1883 resigning due to irregularities (missing funds) in the state's accounts when he served as the state treasurer. J. J. Jones was the Capt of Co G (no further record). Minor sealed edge tear top center, otherwise a clean cover and a scarce Arkansas use. $650.00
AR88

CSA #7 Pair (small margin fault at upper right corner and margin close at the bottom right) tied by the manuscript postal markings "Rocky Comfort, Ark Sept 29." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Fanney Keesey, Hillsborough, Union Co., Ark. Currently the only recorded CSA cover in the Bruce Roberts census of Arkansas covers from this obscure Arkansas town in Sevier County on the border with the Indian Territory. Part of bottom back flap missing and a minor corner edge fault at the upper right. Otherwise a Very Fine appearance and an important item of CSA Arkansas postal history. $550.00
AR89

Stampless Columbia, Ark CDS with handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A 12 JUN (1861). Adversity Cover 3c Red Nesbitt Postal Stationery envelope (USA #U10). Cover is from the Carroll, Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Minor central vertical file fold, otherwise Very Fine. $700.00



-- FLORIDA --

Florida is the next scarcest state usage after Arkansas.
FL154

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 20 NOV. Blue paper cover addressed to Miss Helen C. Newton, Sandersville Washington County, Georgia Care of Mrs J. H. Saffold. Backflap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Kohn. $350.00
FL158

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 24 DEC (1861) (Christmas Eve Cover). Addressed to Miss Marian Presbury, Early Grove, Marshall County, Mississippi. The addressee was the daughter of Rev Willard Presbury, the rector of St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church in Early Grove, Miss. Unable to identify the sender who most likely was a friend or relative in a Mississippi unit in the Pensacola-Warrington area. Backflap opening tears with a sealed top center edge tear. Still a very clean appearing cover. $350.00
 FL163

CSA #12a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin but close on the right) tied by the Monticello, Flor CDS 19 NOV. Addressed to Miss J. E. Conrad, Harrisonburg, Rockingham, Va. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise a very clean cover. $325.00
FL164

CSA #12d (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Quincy, Flor CSA 1 MAR. Addressed to Col David C. Barrow, Athens, Ga. The addressee was a Georgia planter and plantation owner. The “Col” title was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Cover with a little edge wear across the top and minor reductions right and bottom not affecting anything. Overall a very clean appearance with a nice stamp and Florida postmark. $300.00
FL167

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just touches at left) tied by the Quincy, Flor CDS 23 JUL. Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Maj Lamar Cobb, Macon, Georgia. Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) was the son of CSA General and former Georgia Governor Howell Cobb. Lamar Cobb entered service as a private in Co B 2nd Batt Ga Inf in April 1861 and was soon appointed Sergt-Maj of the 16th Ga Inf. In Sept 1862, he was commssioned as 1st Lieut (promoted Capt in June 1863 and Maj in December 1863) and served on his father's staff as an ADC and AAG. Very Fine cover. $350.00
FL168

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 23 JAN (1863). Coarse brown paper cover with a Military Address from the Cobb Correspondence to Brig Genl Howell Cobb, Quincy, Fla. Howell Cobb was a major political figure of the day. Former Speaker of the US House of Representatives and former Governor of Georgia and former Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan, Howell Cobb was a founder of the Confederacy and served as the President of the Secession Convention in 1861 as well as President of the Provisional Confederate Congress until he resigned to join the military reaching the rank of Major General in September 1863. He was also a serious candidate for the Confederate presidency but was defeated by Jefferson Davis. Very Fine Cover. $350.00
FL169

Handstamp PAID (manuscript "Paid 10cts") with the Welaka, Fla double ring CDS 9 NOV (1862). The cover is from the well-researched Bryant-Stephens Correspondence with a Military and Railroad Address to Mr. D. H. Bryant Care Capt Robt Harrision, Hart’s Station, Flor R. Rd E. Fla. Robert Harrison was Captain of Co K 2nd Fla Cav, a unit which spent the war in Forida. The Florida Railroad ran a diagonal course across the upper Florida Peninsula from Fernandina on the Atlantic Coast to Cedar Key on the Gulf Coast. These Welaka covers from the Bryant-Stephens Correspondence, very scarce to begin with, over the last number of years have been disappearing into various collections and are now only very rarely offered for sale. This cover is exceptionally fine and has a 2008 PF Certificate. $1,600.00
FL170

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor toning at the upper left corner) tied by an exceptionally nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 18 JUN. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the Univeristy of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine cover. Note on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride. Very Fine, PF Certificate 1982. $350.00
FL172

Handstamp PAID 10 Type C with a partial strike of the Monticello, Fla CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Hon Wm E. Smith, Albany, Ga. Adversity Cover made from a ruled unused Ledger Page with the ruled lines both on the inside and the outside of the cover. William Ephraim Smith (1829-1890) was a Georgia planter, lawyer, and politician. At the beginning of the war, he served as a lieutenant (later captain) in the 4th Ga Inf until 1863 when he was elected as a representative to the Second Confederate Congress. After the war, he served as a US Congressman from Georgia 1875-1881. Very clean cover. $500.00
FL173

Handstamp PAID 5 Type D with the Pensacola, Fla CDS 13 AUG (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine. $250.00
FL176

CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a nice full strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 14 APR (1864). Addressed to Mrs. M. Stanley, Athens, Ga. The cover is from Major Marcellus Stanley to his wife. Marcellus Stanley (1823-1890) was the first Captain of Co A Ga Troup Light Artillery and fought with his unit in the Army of Northern Virginia during the first part of the war. He was later promoted Major of Artillery and assigned to the staff of Maj Gen Howell Cobb arriving in Quincy, Florida in January 1863. The correspondence between Major Stanley and his wife is extensive. The Stanley family papers and wartime letters are archived at the Univeristy of Georgia libraries. Minor backflap opening tear, otherwise a very fine cover. $325.00
FL177

CSA #12 (AD) (margin touches at left) tied by a very nice strike of the Quincy, Flor CDS 14 SEP (1863). Cover from the Cobb Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Lamar Cobb, Athens, Georgia. On arrival in Athens, the cover was forwarded to Gainesville, Georgia Care E. Pace Esq with the addition of a CSA #11a Milky Blue (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Athens, Ga CDS (date not apparent) to pay the forwarding fee. Major Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) was a staff officer and AAG to his father Maj Gen Howell Cobb on Quincy, Florida. Small cover with small parts of backflap missing and some staining on the reverse which does not affect the face of the cover or detract from an overall very fine appearance. Excellent example of a forwarded cover with a Florida use. $525.00
FL178

CSA #1 Stone 2 Plated as Position 26 (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom with a little minor gum toning) tied by a full strike of the Pensacola, Fla CDS 10 MAR (1862). Orange paper cover address to Mrs. M. E. Conoley, Selma, Ala. The sender was Lt Col John F. Conoley (1811-1883) of the 4th Ala Infantry Battalion (consolidated shortly after this letter was written into the 29th Ala Inf) a Gulf Coast unit that was in Pensacola at this time. John F. Conoley was promoted Colonel of the 29th Ala Inf on 12/9/1862. The 29th Ala Inf later joined the Army of Tennessee in 1864 and fought from the Atlanta Campaign through to Bentonville. Cover with a very clean appearance. $600.00
FL180

Gainesville, Fla Handstamp PAID 10(ms) 22 MAR. Wallpaper Cover with a fancy geometric pattern in Green, Light Blue, and Red displayed flapped up from the bottom. Military Address to Capt T. B. Fraser, Sumter District, S. Carolina. Captain Fraser was the Quartermaster for the 9th SC Inf. Very Fine Wallpaper Cover from the Briggs Collection. Wallpaper covers from Florida are quite scarce with only about a dozen or so in the Briggs Census. $1,800.00
 FL182

Ocala, Fla "Paid 20cts" with Handstamp PAID (double weight rate) 19 NOV (month inverted). Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James B. (cannot decipher the last name), Barboursville, Orange Co., Va. Minor edge and corner wear. The only recorded example of an Ocala, Fla "Paid 20" according to the Briggs Census. Ex-Briggs Collection. $550.00
FL183

Pensacola, Flor CDS (Flor CD is much scarcer than the Fla CDS) Handstamp PAID 5 (Type D) 22 AUG (1861). Addressed to Mrs. E. T. Hoopes, Vicksburg, Miss. On arrival in Vicksburg, the covers was forwarded to Port Gibson, Miss by adding the small double circle Vicksburg, Miss CDS (date not apparent) and the Vicksburg Handstamp PAID 5 (Type B) to pay the forwarding fee. Period docketing at left "Miss(issippi) Troops."  The cover was sent by Private E. T. Hoopes of the 10th Miss Inf home to his wife. The unit was in Pensacola at this time. Cover opened at the right with a minor edge fault at the lower right. Ex Briggs Collection. $750.00
FL184

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 17 NOV 1862. Use is well after the fall of the Pensacola-Warrington area to the Union in MAY 1862 and represents use from Pollard, Ala as the Warrington postmaster fled north to Pollard (just across the state line north of Pensacola) where he continued to service army mail using the Warrington, Fla postmark at least into NOV 1863. Small ladies cover with floral "Happiness" embossing around the sides. Addressed to Miss Jane H. Hallman, Jena, Tuscaloosa Co., Ala. Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. Ex Briggs Collection. $1,800.00
FL191

Turned Cover - First use (inside) Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. James M. Troy, Monticello, Florida. Second use (outside) Monticello, Flor Handstamp PAID 10 Type C  21 SEP. Addressed to Mr. William M. Jones, Dixie, Brooks County, Georgia. Very clean cover. $375.00
FL193

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) ttied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 14 JUL. Addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. Turned Cover with the inside use all in manuscript from Quitman, Ga Jun 28 Paid 10 to Mr. David McMullen, Sanderson, Fla. David J. McMullen (1835-1896) from Brooks County, Ga (Quitman was the Court House of Brooks County) enlisted as a private on Co I 2nd Fla Cav 3/26/1862. Private McMullen took the cover he received from his home town, turned it, and used it to send a letter to his girl friend Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884) in Madison Court House, Florida whom he married in 1866.  Cover shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $275.00
FL195

CSA #11 (AD) (very small margin nick at top left) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS with a JUL date. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Part of back side flap missing, edge wear, and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL196

CSA #11 (AD) (stamp with small edge faults at top right corner) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 28 JUL. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss K. L. Campbell, Madison CH, Florida. From other covers in the correspondence, it is known that the cover was sent by Private David J. McMullen (1835-1896) of Co I 2nd Fla Cav to his girl friend, Keturah Loretta Campbell (1839-1884), whom he married in 1866. Cover is complete but shows edge wear and a little light foxing. $175.00
FL197

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a much better than average strike of the Tallahassee, Fla CDS 26 DEC. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. C. Glenn, Danielsville, Georgia In Care R. E. Hitchcock. Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything. $225.00
FL198

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin with light gum staining at the right lower corner) tied by the Pensacola, Fla CDS 6 JAN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. M. A. E. Mooney, Greenville, So. Ca,. Clean cover. Ex-Kohn. $500.00

FL199
6/13/2019
CSA #11 (AD) (margin touches at left) tied by the Madison, Fla CDS 6 JAN. Addressed to Mr. J. Mason Pilcher, Box 899, Richmond, Va. Turned Cover with the inside addressed to Miss M. Ellen Pilcher Care Dr. B. J. Du Val, Madison, Florida. The inside use is an attorneys printed advertising corner card "Chiles H. Ferrell, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Halifax Court House, VIRGINIA." The Advertising Cover corner card on the inside has been flapped out for display. The stamp for the inside use was affixed over the corner card but is now missing. A remnant of the Richmond, Va postmark can be seen over the advertising. $450.00

FL200
6/13/2019
CSA #1 (stamp has an upper sheet margin and does not plate to Stone 1 or Stone 2 and therefore must be Stone A/B) (margin touches at left center with gum toning) tied by a partial strike of the Warrington, Fla CDS (date not apparent). Addressed Mrs Laura B. Clanton Care of Mrs S. Clanton, Como, Panola County, Mississippi. Routing instruction at lower left "via Mobile & Jackson Less than 500 Miles."  Cover roughly opened at the top not involving the stamp or postmark and repaired to a very presentable appearance.$150.00

FL201
7/6/2019
CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close at the bottom) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 11 APR (1863). Folded Letter complete addressed to Hugh A. Conley Esq, Tallahassee, Fla. The one page letter is from J. H. Russ discussing money szent to the addressee from Camp Finnegan (an army camp in northeastern Florida) for land.  The letter was most likely sent by Private Joseph H. Russ (1827-1904) of Co C 2nd Fla Cav. Very Fine Ex-Spelman, Ex-Kaufmann.$350.00

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Postal History Part 2

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