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ARMY FIELD CANCELS
||CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to Mrs.E. H. Harding Care of Mrs. C. R. Richmond, Milton NC. The cover was sent by Ephraim H. Harding who was the Chaplain of the 45th NC Inf to his wife. Very Fine.||
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and a minor corner fault at the upper right) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mr. Jas. A. Debnam, Louisburg (Franklin County), N. Carolina. James A. Debnam had a son in the Army of Northern Virginia, Thomas R. Debnam in Co G 47th NC Inf. Private Debnam is listed as having Died of Disease but a date is not given. Also in the same company was Private William R. Debnam. Thomas and William were not brothers but were most likely cousins as the company was raised in Franklin County NC and they enlisted at the same time about one month apart. Private William R. Debnam was transferred into Co D 8th NC Inf on 1/3/1863. The 8th NC Inf was part of the ANV in late 1864. Not sure which one of these two soldiers sent the cover as could not find a date of death for the son. Part of backflap missing, but still a very clean cover.||$100.00|
||CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by a partial strike of an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie Beard, Harrisonburg Rockingham County, Va. Cover most likely sent by Henry Clay Krebs (1839-1911) of Co H 13th Va Inf as Lizzie Beard and Pvt Krebs were married in 1865. Clean appearing cover but with a sealed tear at the left. APS Certificate 2008.||$60.00|
||CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Army Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Light borwn coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed in pencil to Mrs. C. G. Davenport, Cary Post Office, Wake County NC. The cover is from Sergt C. G. Davenport of Co F 11th NC Inf, an ANV unit of Pettigrew’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps. Minor reductions left and right, otherwise Very Fine.||$150.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Addressed to Mrs. Amelia D. Strobel Care of Mrs. Oscar Johnson, Newbury, So. Ca. Turned Cover with the inside use showing a partial Charleston SC CDS (missing stamp inside) addressed to Wm E. Haskill Esqr, Cashier P & M (Planters & Merchants) Bank, Columbia SC.Very Fine.||$125.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army Field Framed Grid Cancel. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Kate M. Thornton, Forkland, Greene County, Alabama. The addressee had a brother, Private B. B. Thornton, in the 3rd Ala Cav who is most likely the one who sent this cover home to his sister. That unit was an Army of Tennessee unit. The grid is consistent with a 7-Bar Framed Grid Army of Tennessee Field Cancel. Reduced at left not affecting anything. Edge wear at both lower corners. Very clean cover.||$90.00|
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close on the left) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Adversity Cover made from recycled newsprint. Addressed to Mrs. Jno C Whitwell Care Capt J. C. Whitwell, VMI, Lexington, Va. Captain John Coyle Whitwell was in charge of the Commissary Department at VMI 1862-1864 and was with the Corps of Cadets at New Market. The sender of the cover is not identified. Turned handcarried use on the inside of the cover to Richmond, Va dated 20 JAN 1864. Backflap opening tears but a clean cover with a VMI connection.||$150.00|
||Turned Cover - Outside 2nd Use CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. From the Blackford Correspondence with Military Address to Lancelot M. Blackford Esq, Military Court, Care of General Longdtreet, A. N. Virginia, Winchester. Period docketing at the left "Mr. Wm M. Blackford Rec'd July 15, 1863." Lancelot Minor Blackford (1837-1914), an 1859 graduate of the University of Virginia, enlisted in the Rockbridge Artillery 9/2/1861. He was later commissioned and served for a time as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps. Later in 1864, he was transferred to the 24th Va Inf where he served as the adjutant. William Matthews Blackford, the sender, was the addressee’s father. No explanation as to why the father would use an army postmark, but may have given the cover to one of his other sons in the army to post for him. The Backford family papers 1742-1953 are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The Inside First Use is from Montgomery, Ala with a pair of CSA #6 stamps partially removed and addressed to W. M. Blackford Esq Cashr (Cashier), Lynchburg, Va. Advertising Cover with a large circular cameo design on the backflap in red with white letters for the Central Bank of Alabama in Montgomery, Ala. Clean cover with minor backflap tears. Ex-Bush General Issue Stamps Exhibit.||$950.00|
||Army of Northern Virginia Field (Due) 10 Handstamp (ANV-19 in the new CSA catalog) used during the Siege of Petersburg. Small but complete blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Eli D. Richardson, McCulloch PO (unlisted post office), Union County NC. Endorsed at lower left "From E. R. Richardson. Co B, 26th Regt NCT." E. R. Richardson enlisted as a Private 3/9/1864 in Co B 26th NC Inf. He is listed as wounded at The Wilderness (Va) 5/5/1864 and Killed-in-Action at Globe Tavern (Va) 8/21/1864. Very clean cover.||$150.00|
||CSA #11c (AD)
Greenish-Blue (slight nick in the margin at right center with a
pre-affixing edge tear) barely tied by a partial strike of the ANV Army Field Target Cancel
ANV-13 used 1863-1865. Military
Address to Priv Robert Love, Co I 14th Reg Va Cavalry, Jenkin's Brig,
Cover dates from late 1863 when the 14th Va Cav was part of Jenkin's
Brigade. The cover must have been sent by a
soldier in the ANV, possibly a relative or a friend. It is unusual to
see a cover with an army field cancel from one soldier in the field to
another soldier in the field. Very clean appearing cover with just a
very light stain at the bottom right corner and a missing top back flap.
Robert V. Love (age 18) enlisted as a private 4/19/1861. He is listed as absent (sick) 9/1/1862 returning to his unit 4/30/1863. Somewhere along the line his horse was captured and he paid $250 to get another horse. Confederate cavalrymen had to supply their own horses. In December 1864, he was detailed to the Quartermaster Department in Staunton, Va where he remained into 1865. He is known to have been alive in California in 1916.
The A.N.W.Va designation (presumably "Army of North West(ern) Virginia") in the address is confusing. There was no such official army designation. Jenkins Brigade, at the time of this cover (late 1863), was assigned to the Department of Western Virginia (later the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee). So perhaps that designation was used only locally or simply by the soldiers themselves.
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. This is a later strike when the device became somewhat clogged with ink, but the strike is still decent and easily recognizable. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. M. Murphy, Waltonsford, Pickens Dist SC. Cover would have been sent by a South Carolina Army of Tennessee soldier home to his wife or mother. Information on South Carolina Confederate soldiers is notoriously sketchy. Very clean cover.||$300.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) (margin a little irregular at top and staining at the upper right) tied by two strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Elizabeth W. Chunn, Cassvill(e), Georgia. The cover was sent by Commissary Sergeant William A. Chunn (1840-1921) of Co I 40th Ga Inf, an Army of Tennessee unit, home to his wife. Very clean cover.||$300.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel (ANV-08). Addressed to Miss Amy L. Drake, Anderson C.H., So. Carolina. Most likely from a South Carolina soldier writing home to his girl friend. Very clean cover.||$100.00|
cover with the ANV field
(Due) 10 mark in BLACK
the Siege of Petersburg (Virginia) Type ANV-20 in early 1865
without a postmark. Addressed
to Miss Mary Fogleman, Rock Creek, Alamance County NC. Endorsed
"Private H. C.
Fogleman Co F 53 Regt NCST (North Carolina State
Troops)." Cover with just a very little light foxing and
Henry C. Fogleman, a 19 year old farmer from Alamance County, enlisted as a private in Co F 53rd NC Inf 3/5/1862 and was surrendered at Appomattox with his unit 4/9/1865. The cover is addressed to Pvt Fogleman's sister.
cover with the ANV field
Due (ms) 10 mark Type ANV-19
used in 1864 without a postmark. Addressed to S. P. Wingard Esq,
Lexington CH, South Carolina. Endorsed at upper left "J. S. Wingard, Co F Pal(metto)
SS (Sharpshooters)." Very Fine.
J. S. Wingard enlisted as a private in Co F SC Palmetto SharpShooters 5/1/1862 and was surrendered at Appomattox with his unit 4/9/1865. Cover most likely addressed to Pvt Wingard's father.
cover with the ANV field
mark Type ANV-19 used in 1864 without a postmark. Addressed to Mr.
Michael Walters. There is no endorsement which was not in accord with
regulations, but the cover went through anyway. Addressed to Mr.
Michael Walters, Wytheville, Va. The cover was sent by Pvt
Walters of Co I 29th Va Inf to his father. Dark coarse paper cover with
small reduction at the right where opened.
John P. Walters (1837-1905) enlisted as a private in Co I 29th Va Inf 4/27/1862. He was promoted 1st Sgt June 1862 but was reduced to the ranks two months later (reason not given). He was still on the rolls in October 1864 and survived the war.
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a l;arge left sheet margin) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia unfamed 10-Bar Field Grid Cancel Type ANV-11 used 1864-1865 without a postmark. Addressed to Miss Harriet McIntosh, Martindale PO, Mecklenburg Co. NC. Most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp.||$125.00|
cover with an arc Due 10 handstamp used
a postmark. Addressed to Miss M. L. Hall Care Maj Bolling Hall,
Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at left "B.
Hall Jr Lt Col 2nd Bat Hilliards
Legion." Ex-Brian Green with his note on the reverse. In
his note, he
states that this is an Army of Tennessee handstamp. Hilliards Alabama
Legion was indeed an Army of Tennessee unit, but the handstamp is not
consistent with the listed Army of Tennessee handstamp marking, and the
the cover is wrong. Most likely the handstamp is from an East Tennessee
town in early 1863 used without the postmark. This cover must date from
early 1863 because of the biographical information below.
Turned Cover with the inside use hand carried outside the postal system most likely by military courier. Marked "Official" in manuscript and addressed to Lt Col Hall Comdg 2nd Bat Hilliards Legion.
Bolling Hall Jr (1837-1866) was at the time of this cover per the endorsement the Lt Col of the 2nd Infantry of Hilliards Alabama Legion assigned to the Department of East Tennessee. In November 1863, he was promoted Colonel of the 59th Ala Inf. The cover held a letter he wrote home to his sister Mary Louisa Hall (1843-1863) who died in May 1863. The cover was sent in care of his father Major Bolling Hall.(1813-1897). Major Bolling Hall (rank was from the 1836 Creek Indian War) was an Alabama businessman and plantation owner. Five of his sons fought for the Confederacy. Col Bolling Hall Jr is listed as wounded at Chickamauga in September 1863 and lost a leg at Drewery's Bluff (Va) 5/16/1864. He died of his wounds on 5/18/1866. Since the addressee died in May 1863, the cover must date before then which was a time when no such army field handstamp existed. So the logical assumption is that this is town handstamp from somewhere in East Tennessee, the location of Lt Col Hall's unit, used for the soldiers due rate without a postmark.
||CSA #11c Greenish-Blue (AD)
(4-Margin with a small edge nick at the bottom right and a little gum
toning) with the ARMY of
TENN straight line cancel
just barely tying the stamp at the left center. Excellent strike of the
cancel CC Type ATN-02a. Addressed to Mr. B. Criswell, Columbia SC in
Care of Capt Senn. The ARMY of TENN straight line was in use
1863 through early 1864. This
cover would be an earlier strike of exceptional quality as the later
strikes are clogged and not
nearly as clear. Ex-Bush.
Capt Rufus D. Senn was the commander of the post guard at the Richland Jail Prison in Columbia South Carolina. Three Criswell brothers joined the post guard after being declared unfit for field service (Bud, Thomas, Joseph). Bud Criswell was the addressee. The cover was most likely sent by another brother, Pvt R. P. Criswell of the 19th SC Inf an Army of Tennesee unit.
||CSA #11 (AD)
4-Margin tied by the Army
of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel
CC ANV-13. Coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. L Warlick, Morganton
NC. The address is a bit faded but still legble. Clean cover.
The cover was sent by 2nd Lieut John Lewis Warlick (1834-1865) of Co B 11th NC Inf home to his wife. Information is sketchy on Lieut Warlick. He enlisted as a Corporal 4/25/1861 and received a commission in 1863. He is listed as wounded in the thigh at Gettysburg on the first day 7/1/1863 and was captured as a POW and treated at the Union Gettysburg field hospital. No information on his confinement, but he was obviously exchanged on an unknown date as this ANV Target cancel was used late 1863 into 1865. He died in July 1865 reportedly as a direct result of wounds received in the war.
||CSA #12 (AD) (margin
just touches at bottom) with the ARMY
of TENN Straight Line
cancel CC ATN-02a. Addressed to Mrs. E. M. Davis, Glennville, Ala via
Columbus D.P.O. (Designated Post Office). Back flap opening tears,
otherwise a Very clean cover. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.
Eli Montgomery Davis (1837-1908) from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, enlisted as a private in Co F 41st Ala Inf on 5/1/1862 (an Army of Tennessee unit). No detailed information available except that he was paroled at Fortress Monroe in 1865 and may have been a POW. Pvt Davis sent this cover home to his wife in late 1863 or early 1864.
||CSA #13 (margin just clears on the left) tied at the left by an enclosed grid which is consistent with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid cancel which appears to be ANV-03 used in 1865. The oatmeal cover appears to be made from heavy recycled paper and is addressed to Mrs. Thos Cowan, Pittsboro, N. Carolina. On the reverse is pasted a period blue paper piece cut from most likely the original letter with the dateline "Thursday Evening" Feb16th 1865." This letter dateline is consistent with the use of the ANV-03 Grid but no way to confirm if this is from the original letter. Research shows that there was a Thomas Cowan (1803-1883) living in Pittsboro at this time with his wife. Therefore, the cover was most likely sent by a relative serving in a NC Regiment in the ANV but am unable to identify the sender. Could benefit from further research. Very Fine.||$550.00|
Army of Northern
Virginia Siege of Petersburg Soldiers Due cover
with the RED
handstamp field (Due) "10"
from Petersburg, Va Type
ANV-20. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Lizzie J.
McRae, Clayville, Telfair County, Georgia. Endorsed at left "J C McRae JDL (Jeff Davis
Legion)." Soldier's camp letter remains with the cover.
Very Fine cover and letter. Ex-Brian Green with his note on the reverse.
The cover and letter was sent by Pvt John C. McRae (b1833) of the Jeff Davis Legion (Cavalry) home to his wife. The letter is datelined "Camp Jeff Davis Legion, Dinwiddie Co.,Va. November 28th 1864." Two page camp letter with camp news with some interesting observations about stamps -- "I have no stamps neither can any be bought at Petersburg. Some of the soldiers got to speculating on them & now they refuse to sell to them but I am not at much loss by not getting of them as I write to but few & my correspondents will have to pay for them."
|Two very newly discovered CSA Patriotic Covers which at the present time represent the only two known CSA Patriotic covers used to a foreign destination during the Confederate period. Both covers are from the same correspondence with usage about one week apart. These two covers are the subject of an article ("Transatlantic CSA Patriotic Covers") which appeared in the June - September 2006 issue of the Confederate Philatelist journal. The first cover (PAT 138) was found in 2003, and the second (PAT 138A) was only discovered in January 2006 and is therefore offered here for sale for the very first time anywhere. (These two covers were previously sold but remain posted here for all to see since they are extremely important recent finds. The first cover PAT138 currently resides in a major private collection. The second cover PAT138A is currently part of a major Confederate Postal History exhibit.)|
||CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-19 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 26 MAR 1861. There is a manuscript “DUE 24” in pencil across the top to assess the 24c Trans-Atlantic rate applied in Augusta at the time of mailing (an unnecessary mark as postage due was to be collected in England on delivery). Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 2 APR (1861). The date of the New York City mark was a Sunday in 1861, and there were no sailings on that date from New York. The only sailing compatible with this cover is from Boston on 3 APR 1861, so the cover must have been transferred to Boston by closed mail and then sailed on the Cunard Packet “Canada” arriving in Queenstown 15 APR (1861) and then arriving in Liverpool, England the next day. Manuscript 1/- applied to the cover in England indicating 1 Shilling Due for the Trans-Atlantic crossing. The Liverpool receiving mark is on the face of the cover dated 16 APR 1861. This cover was only very recently discovered in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only. The front was submitted to the PF for certification in 2003 and received PF Certificate #0394308. At the present time, this is one of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. The second cover (also a front) was very recently discovered in England and is from the same correspondence in March 1861 but a different flag design (offered for sale below as PAT 138A). This covers is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the PF Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.||
||Overall CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-2 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 20 MAR 1861. Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 27 MAR (1861). This cover sailed on the Cunard British Packet "Arabia" which departed that date from New York. The Liverpool receiving mark is at the lower left dated 8 APR 1861. The prominent British manuscript “1/-” is quite apparent for the 1 shilling due on delivery. This cover was only very recently discovered in January 2006 in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only and is offered here for sale for the first time. The front was recently submitted to the CSA for certification and received CSA Certificate #4738. At the present time, this is the second of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. This cover is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the CSA Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.||
||CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin but with a little foxing and toning) tied by the Augusta, Ga CDS (date not full apparent). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in Black with Verse 2 (“On, on to the rescue, the Vandals are coming...”), Slogan 2 (“Confederate States of America”), and Imprint 11 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm’d”). Very coarse dark brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Joseph S. Thurman, Hamburg So. Ca. Care T. Reese. Cover with a little light foxing and very slightly reduced at the left.||
||Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Dawson, Ga CDS 21 NOV 1861 (part of date logo inverted) addressed to Henry Williford, Paoli, Madsion Co., Ga. Stars and Bars (11-Star) Patriotic Cover F11-14 in full color. Most of backflap missing and an edge repair at bottom right center. The repair is quite unobtrusive giving the cover an overall very clean appearance.||$1,500.00|
||"5c Paid Fort Wright (Tennessee Care of Capt Cross)" in mansucript on a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Cover in Blue and Red Type JD-1C (11 Stars in the Flags and in the Sunburst) with Verse 53 ("When the tempest of war..."). Addressed to Mr. W. C. Hailey, Adamsville, Tenn. The cover is not dated, but the lettersheet with the cover is dated 25 JUN 1861. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-1B (7 Stars in the Flags and 10 Stars in the Sunburst). The lettersheet has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Fort Wright. Randolph, Tenn." This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Fort Wright, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. Alphonso Cross was the Captain of Company I at this time. This unit was one of the occupying units in Columbus, Kentucky beginning in September 1861. Fort Wright was not a listed CSA Tennessee post office but was located near the Randolph, Ten post office which most likely handled the cover. Short two page letter with some interesting content. A transcript of the letter is included. The cover has a partially restored top backflap and edge repairs at the right and bottom right not affecting the manuscripts. The lettersheet has some light period staining and foxing. The lettersheet with the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover. The two will only be sold together.||$2,500.00 SOLD|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F11-8 with the "T" for "Tennessee" with Verse 20 ("Land of the South!..."). Handcarried outside the postal system "Politeness of Mr. McKenzie" to Mrs. M. Haley, Purdy, Tenn. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-11 (11 Stars in the Flags and 12 Stars in the Sunburst). This is an unlisted variety of the Jefferson Davis Medallion which clearly has 12 stars in the sunburst. The catalog currently does not list a 12-Star variety. The lettersheet also has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Camp Brown, Near Union City, Tennessee." The lettersheet further has Verse 28 ("Now round this gallant leader..."). This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Camp Brown, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. The 12 stars in the Jefferson Davis Medallion sunburst was initially overlooked in the original CP article. The letter is a two page fragment with at least one page missing and rough wear along the right edge. The only war reference in the letter fragment is: "…there is no news at present only they mounted the Bully Gun the other day it takes 28 (pounds) powder to load it carrys a ball 134 (pounds) weight its carriage alone which is cast iron weighed 14 tons…" The cover is a FRONT ONLY with repaired upper right ant left corners. The patriotic cover front and the lettersheet are still important items of Confederate Tennessee postal history. The lettersheet with the unlisted Jefferson Davis Medallion variety and the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover front. The two will only be sold together.||$1,800.00 SOLD|
||Stars and Bars (10-Stars) Patriotic Cover Type F10-3 in full color. Monterey, Va PAID 5 Type B 24 JUL (1861). Addressed to Wm Son Kelly Esqr., Hicksford, Va. Lady's cover with floral embossing around the edges. Missing top back flap and a little edge wear at the top and left center. Clean appearing cover. Patriotic lady's covers are not that commonly seen.||$750.00|
||Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in black Type CN-1C (12-Stars) with Verse 13 (Gather around your country's flag...). Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. Jacob Arent, Spring Hill Forge, Lincoln Co. NC. Politeness of Mr. Helderman. The cover is undated, and there is no enclosure. The cover was sent by 3rd Lt William R. Arent of Co H 52nd NC Inf to his father. Lt Arent enetered service 3/25/1862. There were three soldiers named Helderman in the same Company H in 1862, one of whom carried the letter for Lt Arent when going home on furlough. A fairly common practice for soldiers to carry letters when going home on furlough. As a member of Heth's Division, Pettigrew's Brigade, the 52nd NC Inf was a Pickett's Charge regiment at Gettysburg. Lt Arent was wounded in the right leg and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He died of his wounds at the Gettysburg Hospital 8/6/1863. Very clean cover.||$550.00|
||CSA #5 (margin touches at lower right and the stamp has a heavy horizontal pre-affixing crease near the bottom but with decent color) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 24 MAY 1862. Large Mounted Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 with Verse 45 ("To arms! to arms! quick, be ready...) Addressed to Mr John ---- (cannot decipher the last name), Oak Hill, Newton County, Ga. Coarse brown paper Patriotic Cover with some cover faults professionally repaired at the left center and lower left corner. Scarce use of a 10c Rose Lithograph on a Patriotic Cover. Ex-Brandon.||$1,000.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in black with Verse 45 (To arms! to arms ! quick be ready..." Handcarried outside the postal system to Miss Mary E. McNeil in haste. Minor reduction on the right.||$200.00|
||Stampless patriotic cover with the Yorktown, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C (also a manuscript "Paid") 3 SEP (1861). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F12-3 in full color. Addressed to Miss Sc. C. McGimsey, Morganton NC. Cover most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very Fine. PF Certificate 2005.||$1,500.00|
||CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin and on the back used to seal the backflap, but the cover was slit open on the side, and the stamp shows no damage) tied to the reverse of the cover by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5a 11 JUN 1863. Patriotic Cover with large Flag Over Cannon design (12 Star Flag) Type CN-1C all in Black with Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag,...”). Addressed to Mrs. Georgia Ann Giles, Howard PO, Georgia. The cover was sent by Sergt Hardy H. Giles (entered service 5/8/1862) of Co F 59th Ga Inf home to his wife. The 59th Ga Inf was an ANV unit in Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corps. Sergt Giles was wounded in both thighs at Fussell's Mill (Va) 8/15/1864 during the Siege of Petersburg and died of his wounds at the Jackson Hospital in Richmond 8/17/1864 and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery. Very minor corner edge damage upper right and left and some very light water staining which do not detract. Very attractive patriotic cover.||$1,000.00|
||CSA #6 Horz Pair (almost 4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 30 MAY 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-1C (12 Stars) in Black with Verse 39 (“stand firmly by your cannon...”) and Imprint 32 (Sold by Starke & Cordozo, Richmond”). Addressed to Mrs. P. F. Willis, Wrightsboro, Columbia Co., Ga. Cover most likely sent by Pvt Alonza D. Willis of Co H Cobb's Georgia Legion Infantry home to his wife Palatire M. Willis. At the time of this cover, the unit was in northern Virginia. The 1860 census lists Alonzo Willis’ occupation as “Overseer.” Clean cover with just a little edge wear.||$1,150.00|
||Stampless PAID V with the Smithfield, Va CDS Type B all in RED. Additional manuscript "Pd 5" at upper right corner. The red strikes of the postal markings are somewhat difficult to see as they are struck on a green cover. Stars and Bars Patriotic cover with 11-Star flag in black Type F11-16 with Verse 30 (On, on to the rescue,..."), Slogan 24 ("Confederate States of America"), and Imprint 31 ("Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm'd). Addressed to Miss Martha E. Joyner, Farmer's Grove, Va. Top back flap missing, and minor edge wear. Very clean cover.||$500.00|
Soldiers DUE 10
with the Tudor Hall, Va
CDS Type E (date 29 1862 but the month is not visible). Stars and
Patriotic cover with 11-Star flag in black Type F11-16 with Verse 30
(On, on to the rescue,..."), Slogan 24 ("Confederate States of
America"), and Imprint 31 ("Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm'd). Addressed
to Miss S. Virginia Ustick, Livingston, Sumter Co., Ala. Endorsed at
lower left "From Private
J. L. Ustick 5 Ala Regiment." Top back flap missing,
otherwise a very clean cover.
The cover was sent by Private James L. Ustick (1844-1863) of Co G 5th Ala Inf home to his sister. Private Ustick is listed as having died on 6/2/1863 (reason not given but presumably of disease) and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
||CSA #4a Dark Blue Vertical Pair affixed sideways Stone 3 Positions 33, 43 (4-Margin with a slight clip to the right upper corner in the margin only). The Position 33 stamp is the joined "CE" variety (CC 4-3-v1). The pair is tied by two strikes of the Wilmington 5 PAID CDS 5 JUL (1862). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (10-Stars) Type F10-11 in black with Verse 5 (Bright Banner of Freedom...) and Imprint 17 (Manufactured by W. & J. Bonitz, Goldsborough NC). Addressed to Miss L. A. Richardson, Hoovers Hill, Randolph NC. Minor reduction on the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Felton. PF Cert 1983 which identifies the stamps as Stone 3 but has a typo for the position places as 33-34 when the vertical pair is actually Positions 33, 43. A Stone 3 pair with a plated variety on a patriotic cover is extremely scarce.||$2,250.00|
||CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1
Positions 6-7 (margin just in at right with a little edge
gum toning at right) tied by the Yorktown,
Va CDS 18 APR (1862). Stars
and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-9 in
full color with Slogan 33 (Fast Colors...Warranted not to run).
Addressed to Mrs. B. R. Sterns, Woodstock (Cherokee County), Ga (10c
rate over 500 miles). Opened at the left with a small sealed edge tear
at the lower left. Very clean cover.
The addressee was the wife of Byers R. Ste(a)rns who enlisted from Cherokee County as a private in Co D 28th Ga Inf 9/3/1861. He is listed as killed at Malvern Hill (Va) 7/1/1862. He is most likely the sender of this cover home to his wife as his unit was in the Yorktown area at the time of this cover.
||CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin just in at the bottom) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 5 DEC (1863). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-16 in black with Verse 13 (Gather around your country's flag...). The address and the flag has a little light period hand tinting in red and blue which adds a little color to the cover. Addressed to Mrs Susan F. Carter, Shady Grove PO, Franklin County,Va. Minor reduction at the left where opened.||$850.00|
||Stampless Patriotic Cover Flag of
Tent (11-Stars) Type TF-1 in full color with Imprint 5
(T. S Reynolds Atlanta GA). Full strike of the Monterey, Va CDS
with handstamp PAID
(this is an unsupported stampless listing in the current CSA catalog
which clearly exists) 7 SEP (1861). Addressed to Mrs. T . C. Jackson,
Atlanta, Ga Care Jackson & Bro. This is a small but
cover of high grade stationery that has patent lines and "Pat. Nov. 20,
1855" visible inside. Sealed top back flap tear, minor reduction at the
right where opened, and minor edge soliling.
Jackson & Bro was a Commission Merchant firm which handled retail and wholesale sales of groceries, liquors, and produce. The brothers were James F. Jackson and Thomas C. Jackson. Thomas C. Jackson enlisted 3/18/1861 in Co F 1st Ga Volunteer Infantry and was promoted 2nd Lieut 12/18/1861. He mustered out 3/18/1862 in Augusta, Ga when his one year term of service was completed. In Sept 1861, the unit was assigned to the CSA Army of the Northwest in northwest Virginia which is where Monterey is located (Highland County) making him the most likely sender of this cover home to his wife.
||CSA #1 most likely Stone A/B (the stamp is Olive Green and does not plate to Stone 1) (right lower corner of the stamp professionally repaired) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 2c 27 OCT 1861 (early use of the stamp). Large Mounted Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 in black with Slogan 35 ("Forti et Fideli nil Difficile"), Slogan 63 ("Remember Bethel, Sumpter & Manassas"), and Verse 21 ("Let Beauregard's dauntless breast..."). Very unusual to see this design with two separate slogans as almost all the recorded large dragoon covers have either no slogan or only one slogan. Addressed to Miss Elizabeth F. Leary, Liberty, Bedford County, Virginia. Cover has been professionally restored by Gloria McKown to an overall Very Fine appearance and is of exhibitable quality.||$2,200.00|
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 30
(3 good margins with the left margin just touching the design and some
minor gum toning and small faults which do not detract) tied by a
partial strike of the Richmond,
Va CDS Powell Type 3a 14 APR 1862. Patriotic Cover with 11-Star
Flag Type F11-16
all in black with Verse 5 (Bright Banner of Freedom....). Very clean
and attractive cover addressed to Mrs. Jane Talley Care of E. P. Pool,
Clarksville, Mecklenburg, Va. The horizontal line seen in the scan on
the stamp above the postmark is either a light pen-stroke or light gum
toning. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Bush.
The cover was sent by Pvt Henry M. Talley home to his mother. Henry M. Talley (age 23) enlisted as a private in Co I 38th Va Inf 6/20/1861 and transferred into Co G 14th Va Inf 6/27/1862 as 1st Sergt. The 14th Va Inf as part of Armisted's Brigade was a Pickett's Charge unit. Sgt Talley was wounded in both feet at Gettysburg (Pickett's Charge) and captured as a POW 7/3/1863. He was hospitalized at Gettysburg and recovered and was subsequently paroled and exchanged and later rejoined his unit with a commission as 2nd Lieut in 1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Dinwiddie Court House (Va) 4/1/1865 and confined at City Point and Johnson's Island until his Oatth of Allegiance and release 6/20/1865.
||USA #26 (apparent nick at center left which is not a fault but was caused by a perforation error as there are perfs within the nick) tied by a full strike of the large single rim Charleston SC Paid CDS 14 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA South Carolina. South Carolina Palmetto Flag in Blue Patriotic Cover (CC Type FSC-3B). Military Address to Capt J. B. Patrick, Columbia SC. No information on the addressee. "Capt" may have been a state rank at this time. Cover has a little repair work along the left edge and possibly some repair work at the lower left with no involvement of the stamp, postmark, design, or address. Whatever work may have been done in this area was very well done and very professional and is very unobtrusive. The cover is sealed with a few small sealed back flap opening tears. This is a scarce South Carolina patriotic cover that has an extremely fresh overall appearance. Ex-Kaufmann.||$2,500.00|
||General Beauregard Oval Portrait
in Brown Patriotic Cover (CC Type MS-1) handcarried
outside the postal system addressed to Mrs. Wm Anderson, Anderson, So.
Ca. Manuscript at lower left "Politeness
of M. G. Smith" the name of the person who
carried the cover. The cover is also dated at the top in manuscript "Dec 16, 1861."
There is no enclosure. Very Fine.
The cover was sent by Capt William Anderson of the 4th SC Inf home to his wife. It was carried by Pvt Madison Grimball Smith, a member of the same unit most likely going home on furlough.
William Anderson (1832-1862), a planter from Anderson County SC, entered service as Captain of Co J 4th SC Inf 2/1/1861. He was promoted Major and transferred to the Palmetto Sharpshooters 4/16/1862. He is listed as Mortally Wounded in Action at Frayser's Farm (Va) on 6/30/1862 dying of his wounds a few days later on 7/4/1862. No information on Pvt M. G. Smith other than his unit.
||CSA #4 (appears to be Stone 2 Position 13 but difficult to plate) (4-Margin) tied by the Gordonsville, Va CDS 2 AUG 1862. This is a very unusual stamp. It has been suggested that the stamp has been repaired, but that does not appear to be the case. There is no evidence that I can see of any restoration work to the stamp itself. There are multiple random printing flaws including an almost white out of the face of the portrait. The stamp does have a pre-affixing horizontal crease near the top. Patriotic Cover with the oval portrait of Gen beauregard in RED Type MS-1. A second strike of the Gordonsville CDS was applied directly over the General's portrait for some unknown reason. Handstamp "Due 5" is a Gordonsville mark Type F applied for underpayment of the 10c rate. This Gordonsville Type F mark is listed in the CSA catalog as "unsupported." This cover certainly supports the existence of the postal marking. Addressed to Miss Bettie Jones, Louisa Court House, Virginia. The top back flap has been professionally replaced with a minor reduction at the top. The work is so good that the replacement can be very easily overlooked. Very clean and very attractive cover with a scarce patriotic design. This cover is illustrated on Page 127 of the Wishnietsky Patriotic Cover book.||$1,250.00
||Stampless PAID 5 with the Union City, Tennessee, negative letters dateless CDS Type B. This cover was used for the illustration of the Union City, Tennessee, PAID 5 handstamp in the current CSA catalog. Addressed to Miss Mollie E. Pearson, South Butler, Butler Co., Ala. Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) in full color Type F11-8 with the "T" for Tennessee. Verse 12 "Flag of the South..." Back flap opening tears with a little wear and some water staining at the lower right corner. Still a very presentable cover with a scarce patriotic design and a scarce postmark.||$1,500.00|
||USA #26 tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS with a MAY (1861) date. USA Used in CSA South Carolina. Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color (7-Stars) Type F7-18 (small variation of the star design with the star at the top center being noticeably larger than the other stars). Addressed to Miss Fannie Milwee, Twenty Six SC. Sealed back flap opening tears. A small edge repair, which is quite well done, at the top right involving a small part of the top of the blue CDS. Still a very presentable and a very clean appearing cover. Ex-MacBride, Ex-Kohn.||$850.00|
with no postal markings hand carried outside the mails. Stars
and Bars Patriotic Cover in black (10-Stars) Type F10-11
streamer) with Verse 5 "Bright Banner of Freedom..." and Imprint 17
"Manufactured by W & J Bonitz, Goldsboro, N.C."
Mrs. Sarah Garner, New Port, Carteret Co, NC. Newport NC was not
chartered as a town until after the war in 1866 and was not the site of
a Confederate post office. Cover with a sealed diagonal tear at the
uppr right corner, sealed back flap opening tears, and edge wear on the
Included with the cover is the original letter written on a Patriotic Lettersheet with a Flag Over Cannon (12-Stars) design in black Type CN-3 with the same Verse 5 and the same Imprint 17 as are on the cover. The letter is datelined "Fort Harrison March 9th 1862" and is written by a soldier to his Grandmother. Two page letter telling his Grandmother that he is well and got the things she sent. He also says they were paid off and he received $19.00. The letter is intact but a little rough along the left edge where the letter page was torn from the full lettersheet. The letter is signed G. B. McCain.
The soldier is identified as Pvt George B. McCain from Carteret County NC who enlisted at age 18 on 11/7/1861 in Battery I NC 2nd Light Artillery. In March 1862, the unit was in the District of Cape Fear. There is a tributary of the Cape Fear River known as Harrison's Creek but could find no reference to an actual Fort Harrison in that area. It must have been a local name for the encampment. Pvt McCain's unit did take part in the battle of New Bern (NC) 3/14/1862 (5 days after this letter was written), but there is no further information on Pvt McCain other than the fact that he was still on the compay rolls as of 6/30/1862. Since the cover and letter were carried outside the mails, most likely a soldier from the unit going home on furlough carried the letter as the distance between the unit's location and Carteret County was not great.
Soldiers Due cover
with the Richmond, Va
CDS Powell Type 3d 16 JUL 1862 with handstamp DUE 10 Type Q. CSA Use of a Captured Union
Patriotic Cover with Seated Liberty design.
The two color design (red and blue) is significantly misregistered
giving the appearance of a double impression. Endorsed at upper right “Private M. Bradshaw 4th Va Cav
Addressed to Private Bradshaw’s family in Hallsboro, Chesterfield
County, Virginia. Minor reduction on the right, some light
spots, and just a little edge wear. Ex- Morris Everett Collection,
Private Manson Bradshaw enlisted 6/4/1861. He is reported as captured as a POW at Williamsport MD 9/11/1862 (Sharpsburg Campaign) and confined at Fort Delaware but exchanged the following month. He is later listed as wounded in the neck and shoulder at Raccoon Ford (Va) 10/11/1863 and died of his wounds a few weeks later at the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond on 11/1/1863.
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated so could possibly Stone A/B) (4-Margin) tied by the Tudor Hall, Va CDS 31 JAN 1862. Stars and Bars (11-Stars) Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in black on coarse brown paper cover with Verse 30 "On, On to the rescue...", Slogan 24 "Confederate States of America", and Imprint 31 "Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm'd." Addressed to Miss Catherine Oneal, Washington, Rappahan County, Virginia. Most likely sent by a Virginia soldier to a girlfriend or a relative back home. Very Fine.||$1,250.00|
||Stampless cover with the Greenville, Tenn CDS 3 DEC (1861) and handstamp PAID 5 Type A. Stars and Bars (11-Stars) Patriotic Cover in full color Type F11-9 with Slogan 3 "BARTOW." Addressed to Mr. Robert J. Lowry, Atlanta, Georgia. Part of top back flap missing, minor edge faults, and a minor reduction at the top. Still a clean appearing and presentable cover.||$850.00|
||CSA #2b H&L Dark Blue Position 2 (margin tight at the right) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 2b 8 NOV 1861. Green paper Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover with the design in black Type F11-16 with Verse 30 ("On, on to the rescue...), Slogan 24 ("Confederate States of America"), and Imprint 31 ("Sold by J: W. Randolph, Richm'd"). Addressed to Miss Catherine E. Camp, Fairburn, Georgia, in care of J. L. Camp. This cover represents the Earliest Known Use (EKU) of the 10c Dark Blue H&L Lithograph. This discovery cover was published by August Dietz in the August 1934 issue of Stamp and Cover Collecting (a Dietz publicaion) giving credit for the discovery to Benjamin B. DuBose of Atlanta, Ga. This cover has stood the test of time and is still the EKU of this stamp listed in the current Scott Catalogue and the current CSA Catalog. A very important CSA General Issue cover. Minor reduction at the right and small repairs including reattached original back flaps. Very clean cover with an overall Very Fine appearance. Signed Brian Green notation on the reverse.||$2,800.00
Cover handcarried outside the postal system Flag Over Cannon (10-Stars)
Type CN-1A in black with Verse 39 "Stand firmly by your
cannon...". Undated but either late 1861 or 1862 from
Addressed to Mrs. Thomassin Andry, Corner of Dumaine &
Dauphine Sts, New Orleans, Politeness of Mr. Tar-- (full last name not
appraent). Very clean cover.
The addressee was the wife of Michel Tomassin Andry (1811-1871), a wealthy Louisiana plantation owner. Her name was Marie Rosa Haydel (1833-1877). She had two brothers who served in the war -- Edward C. Haydel (1835-1875) 2nd Lieut of Co K 20th La Inf, and Amelius M. Haydel (1837-1923) Sergt-Maj La Watson Light Artillery. Mrs. Andry carried on an extensive correspondence with her two brothers one of whom most likely sent this cover to his sister. There are a number of postal uses of patriotic covers by Louisiana soldiers from the CSA occupation of Kentucky (Columbus), so my best inference is that this cover most likely originated in Kentucky and was sent by the addressee's brother Amelius Haydel as he was with his unit in Kentucky in late 1861 and early 1862. It was fairly common for soldiers going home on furlough to carry letters from friends and fellow soldiers to their family. There is a notation on the back of the cover which is period but either faded or partially erased and signed "A. C. Watson, Columbus Ky." Augustus C. Watson (1825-1900) was another wealthy Louisiana planter who raised and equipped Watson's Battery La Light Artillery at his own expense and served in the battery as a private. This notation gives further evidence that the cover most likely came from Amelius Haydel from Columbus, Kentucky. This cover should reinforce that postal history collectors should not attempt to remove period notations that are on the cover as such notations could be important in properly interpreting the cover.
||Stampless Patriotic Cover with the Yorktown, Va CDS with a SEPT (1861) date and handstamp "5" in a circle Type H. Stars and Bars in full color (10-Stars) Type F10-3. Addressed to Mr. Jos. H. Greenlee, Turkey Cove PO, McDowell Co., North Carolina. There is no PAID or DUE notation or handstamp, but presemably sent as a PAID as there is no soldier's endorsement. Cover with some foxing and a little soiling and edge wear with a repaired left upper corner. The corner repair involves just the upper ball of the flagstaff.||$550.00|
||USA 1c Blue (3 stamps on the back sealing the back flap paying the 3c rate USA Used in CSA South Carolina 23 April 1861). The stamps are USA #18 Pair Type I Plate 12 and USA #20 Type II Plate 12 Double Transfer. The BLUE Columbia SC CDS ties the pair to the cover dated 23 APR (1861). A second but much weaker stike of the same postmark ties the single stamp to the pair and also to the cover. On the reverse are plating notations written and signed by Stanley Ashbrook confirming the identification of the stamps. The Plate 12 stamps are scarce in their own right and were only used in 1861. CSA Patriotic Cover with the Stars and Bars (7-Stars) in full color Type F7-7B (printing flaw at the upper right corner of the flag) addressed to Mrs. Jane Haris, Laurens CH SC. The cover was opened at the right, and the stamps on the reverse are not damaged. Very clean cover with an extremely scarce use with the rare stamps confirmed by Stanley Ashbrook who was the authority on the early classic USA stamps.||$3,500.00|
Soldiers (Due) cover with the Tudor
Hall, Va CDS and the handstamp (Due) 10 Type F 2 OCT
1861. CSA Patriotic
Cover with the Stars and Bars (11 Stars) in full color Type
F11-13 (Scarce Flag Design). Addressed to Mrs.
L. M. McGee, Goodmans X Roads, Harris Cty, Ga. Endorsed at top "M. S. McGee Private in 17th
Regmt Ga Vol Cap R. E. Kennon Co H." A little edge and
Marcus Sylvanius McGee (1829-1861) from Harris County, Georgia, enlisted as a private in Co H 17th Ga Inf 8/15/1861. He is listed as having Died of Disease (Typhoid Fever) in hospital in Richmond 12/10/1861.
Richard Ewing Kennon (c1835-1894), a lawyer by profession, mentioned in the endorsement entered service as Captain of Co H 17th Ga Inf 8/15/1861. He resigned 5/23/1862 citing disability. But shortly thereafter he was back in service as Lt Col (later Col) of the 3rd Ga Cav. He was captured as a POW at New Haven KY 9/29/1862 along with most of his unit. The prisoners were exchanged, and the regiment ultimately surrended with the remnant of the Army of Tennessee in April 1865. After the war, Col Kennon returned to his law practice in Georgia.
cover with the small double circle Charleston
SC CDS and handstamp PAID
5 Type E 19 NOV 1861. Stars
and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F12-4 (12 Stars) with
Verse 47 ("Under this flag and DAVIS' command...").
Addressed to Mrs Helon Smith, Whiteville NC. The
original letter remains with the cover on a matching Patriotic
Lettersheet with the same full color flag design but a different Verse
41 ("Swear upon your country's altar...") and datelined "Coosawhatchie SC Thursday night
Nov 14th 1861." The
cover has very old repairs at the left upper corner and the left lower
corner but are actually quite well done despite being done a number of
years ago. The cover has visible light staining but remains very
attractive. The lettersheet also shows just a little light staining but
is completely intact. Still a very nice cover with its matching
The letter is quite lengthy (4 filled pages) written by Pvt Bryant A. Young of Co H 18th NC Inf in camp on the South Carolina coast to his sister. The letter is quite literate with excellent content. A typed transcript of the letter is included. Bryant A. Young (1839-1862), a farmer from Columbus County NC, enlisted as a private in Co H 18th NC Inf 4/23/1861. He was killed-in-action at Hanover Court House (Va) 5/27/1862 not long after his unit joined the ANV in Virginia.
|Stampless Patriotic Cover with the Powell Type 2a Richmond, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5Cts Type F 31 AUG 1861. Flag (11-Stars) Over Tent Patriotic Cover Type TF-1 with Slogan 28 ('Davis Invincibles..." and Imprint 5 ("T. S. Reynolds Atlanta, GA.)" Addressed to Revd Henry F. Hoyt, Williamsburg, Virginia. "Davis Invincibles" refers to Co D 18th Ga Inf commanded by Capt Samuel D. Irvin. Capt Irvin resigned 7/16/1862 due to ill health. No information on Rev Hoyt. Cover has been very lightly cleaned to a Very Fine appearance. Old mounting marks on the reverse. Ex-John Hill.||$1,200.00|
(no cover) from Camp Pickens SC with the Stars and Bars
in full color Type 7-28. This particular CSA patriotic flag design is
quite scarce and is currently only known on lettersheets. An
example has yet to be discovered on a cover. The letter is 4 pages and
datelined "Camp Pickens
Anderson District (SC) Aug the 4th 1861." Camp Pickens was
a South Carolina "Camp of Instruction." The letter is 4 full pages
detailing camp life and written by Sergt
S. L. Pratt of Co G 1st SC Rifles (Orr's Rifles)
to his family back home. A typed transcript of the letter is included.
Very Fine Ex-Conrad Bush Patriotic Lettersheet Collection. This
lettersheet was the subject of a Confederate
Philatelist article written by Conrad Bush which appeared
in the March-April 2000 issue of the journal.
Stephen Langdon Pratt (1840-1862) enlisted as the 3rd Sergt in Co G 1st SC Rifles (Orr's Rifles). Sergt Pratt is listed as having Died of Disease (Pneumonia) in Richmond 6/5/1862.
|Stampless Patriotic Cover with the Warrington, Fla CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 24 OCT (1861). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11 Stars) in full color. Flag Over Tent Type TF-1, Slogan 13 ("Capt Draper's Company 7th Reg. Alabama Vol."), Imprint ("T. S. Reynolds Atlanta, Ga"). Addressed to Mr. J. A. Dickerson, Fife PO, Tallidaga (Talladega) Cty, Alabama. Professionally performed edge repairs at top and left. The original back was removed to perform the repairs and then reattached. Small reduction at the left where opened. Exceptionally clean appearance.||$950.00|
#1 (not plated) (4-Margin with edge gum toning and an
pre-affixing crease) tied by the
BLUE Luray, Va CDS with a DEC (1861)
date. Stars and
Bars (7-Stars) Patriotic Cover in full color Type F7-29.
Military Address to Lieut Edmond (Edmund) Kearny Care of Col Thomas
Jordan, Tudor Hall, Manassas Junction, Virginia. Edge
repairs at the top left due to a rough opening, but the repairs do not
involve the flag design. Very clean cover and quite presentable.
Ex-Brandon, Ex-Walker, Ex-Kaufmann.
Lieut Edmund Kearny (1838-1898) was a staff officer who was serving at the time of this cover as an ADC to Col Thomas Jordan. No further information on Lieut Kearny except that he was from Natchez, Mississippi, and is buried there.
Thomas Jordan (1819-1895) from Luray, Virginia, an 1840 graduate of West Point (his room-mate was William T. Sherman), was a professional soldier. In May 1861, he resigned the US Army and joined the Confederacy. He served throughout the war as a staff officer to high ranking generals such as Beauregard and Albert Sidney Johnston. At the time of this cover, Col Jordan was the Adj-Gen of the Army under Beauregard at First Manassas and later under Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh and later again under Beauregard. In April 1862, he was promoted Brig-Gen for gallantry on the Field at Shiloh and in May 1862 served as the Chief of Staff to Gen Bragg. Near the end of the war, he commanded the Third Military District of South Carolina. Gen Jordan was a prolific writer and pursued a literary career after the war but not before joining the Cuban insurrectionists and becoming the Chief of Staff and later commander of the revolutionaries in Cuba in 1869. When the Cuban insurrection collapsed in 1870, he returned to the USA and resumed his literary pursuits in New York City including making numerous contributions to Battles and Leaders of the Civil War.
|CSA #11 (AD) (margin
tight at the bottom) pen-cancelled and manuscript "Parnassus (Va) Sept 4th"
to the left. Captured
Eagle Over Shield Union Patriotic Cover in full color. Full Miliatry
Address to Capt James Boyd, Co A, 25 Va Inft, Smiths Brigade, Earlys
Division, Ewells Corps. Excellent Military
names three generals. Small reduction at the left where opened. The
cover has been lightly cleaned to a Very Fine appearance.
Capt James Boyd (1837-1918) entered service 5/13/1861 as a private in Co A 9th Va Infantry Battalion and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 8/21/1861. He was promoted 1st Lieut 5/1/1862 and transferred to Co A 25th Va Inf and promoted Captain 11/4/1862. He is listed as wounded at Cedar Mountain (Va) 8/9/1862 but was back on duty a few weeks later. He was wounded a second itme (in the side) at Payne's Farm (Va) (Mine Run) 11/27/1863 and was hospitalized at Gordonsville and Staunton. On 9/16/1864, he was detailed to recruit men for his company. No further war record. After the war, he relocated to Texas where he died in 1918 and is buried in Belton, Texas. He is listed on the 1880 Federal Census as an attorney in Belton, Texas.
UNUSED CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC COVERS
||Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. Very Fine.||$225.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-16 Unused. Very Fine.||$225.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Very Fine.||$150.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Imprint 23 "R. Coburn, Bookseller, N.O." (New Orleans) Very Fine.||$150.00|
||South Carolina Palmetto Flag Patriotic Cover Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine.||$50.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine.||$75.00|
||Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use.||$75.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel with a light but legible strike of the Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS to the left (date not fully apparent). Very clean cover which is not from the Rives Correspondence but is addressed instead to Major Wm S. Dabney, Charlottesville, Va. The addressee was not associated with the CSA Army but was a prominent planter in the Charlottesville area.||
||Soldiers “Due 10” (ms) with the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Bolling Hall, Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at upper left “J. E. Hall Lt Company E 2nd Batt Ala Legion.” Bolling Hall was a prominent planter citizen of Montgomery, Ala who had sons in the Confederate Army. John E. Hall was his third son who enlisted in 1861 at age 19. The unit in the endorsement was Hilliard’s Alabama Legion which was dissolved in November 1863 with parts of the Legion incorporated into the 60th Ala Inf and the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (later promoted Captain) with his two brothers, Bolling Jr and Crenshaw, continued service in the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (1842-1882) is listed as wounded at Petersburg (Va) in 1864. Very clean cover.||$500.00|
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin touches at the left) tied by the usual partial strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Cover dates to April 1864 by period docketing at the left. Addressed to Hon Jas H. Witherspoon, Lancasterville SC who was a local judge and magistrate. The docketing at the left indicates that the original contents, which are no longer with the cover, were from Genl Kershaw who was a South Carolinian and a lawyer and politician before the war. Cover shows some minor light foxing.||$350.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (very irregular margins) tied by the usual partial strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Small but complete cover addressed to Mrs. Eliza Renew, Americus, Sumter County, Ga. Ex-Kaufmann.||$350.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) (margin tight at the left) tied by a much better than average strike of the Bristol V & T R R (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) datelesss CDS. Addressed to Mr. John W. Peyton, Rapidan Station, Culpeper County, Virginia. Rapidan was a station on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad which connected with the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad at Lynchburg, Va. Very Fine cover.||$400.00|
||CSA #11 (AD)
(4-Margin) Pen-Cancelled and a full strike of the Cobham VA C RR
(Virginia Central Railroad) CDS to the left 10 AUG (1864). Commercially
made blue paper cover from the Rives
Correspondence addressed to Col Alfred L. Rives, Engineer Bureau, War
Department, Richmond, Va. Back flap opening tears,
otherwise Very Fine.
Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903) was promoted Lt Col May 1863 and Col March 1864. He served in Richmond mainly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau. The Rives Correspondence is well known and contains many of the known Cobham railroad postmarks.
||Stampless cover with the Wartrace N & C RR (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark 2 MAY 1862 and handsatmp DUE (no rate). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to T. H. Hinkley, Tallahassee, Fla. Docketing at left "Letters from inmates of Ringgold Hospital" plus two additional lines partially rubbed away. Coarse brown paper cover with a very clean appearance.||$450.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (margin
in at the left) tied by a partial strike of the Wartrace N & C RR
(Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad)
oval postmark partially struck off the cover 9 JUN 1863. Coarse brown
paper cover addressed to Miss Sarah Davenport, Palmetto, Georgia. The
original soldier's camp letter is included with the cover. Two page
letter datelined "Camp
near Wartrace, Tenn June 8th 1863." The letter is
difficult to read but appears to detail movements. The letter says in
we got back the train was waiing for us. We can't tell how long we will
stay here but as soon as the fight or the excitement of it is over we
will be apt to go back as we left all our baggage..." and
The letter is signed "W. B. Pennington." Clean appearing cover and a
good letter which could definitely benefit from a transcript.
William B. Pennington (1825-1863) was a Sergt in Co C 25th Battalion of Infantry Provost Guard. He may also have had service in the 5th Ga Inf. Records are sketchy. He does not name his unit in the letter. His wife was Matilda Davenport Pennington who died in January 1863 about 6 months prior to this letter. He is writing to one of his wife's relatives who perhaps is taking care of his six children after his wife's death. Sergt Pennington died 16 JUL 1863 a little over a month after writing this letter. The circumstances of his death are not recorded.
||CSA #7 Horz Pair
(margin tight at the bottom right and a little edge gum toning) tied by
a full and much better than average strike of the Wartrace N & C RR
(Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad)
oval postmark 6 JUN 1863. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Miss
Orpha Jane Paine, Washington, Tennessee. Minor staining and foxing on
the front of the cover but more prominent staining seen only on the
reverse. Very presentable cover
The cover was very possibly sent by Rowland Foster McDonald (1824-1898) from Rhea County, Tennessee, who served in the Tennessee Home Guard (State Militia Unit) during the war. In 1866 after the war, Rowland Foster McDonald and Orpha Jane Paine (1834-1891) also from Rhea County, Tennesseee, were married.
||CSA #11 (AD)
(4-Margin) tied by a full bold strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR
(Virginia & Tennessee Railroad)
CDS. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. E. P. Alexander,
Washington, Wilke Co., Georgia. Very clean cover with a missing top
back flap but an excellent strike of the railroad postmark.
The addressee, Betty Jacqueline Mason Alexander (1836-1899), was the wife of CSA Brig-Gen Edward Porter Alexander (1835-1910). Gen Alexander had distinguished service as Chief of Ordnance for the Army of Northern Virginia and was severely wounded at the Siege of Petersburg. After the war, he had an equally distinguished carreer as a College Professor of Engineering. However, the address is not in the General's hand and is either from another relative, a friend, or it could still possibly be from the General with the address written by an aide as there is no enclosure.
||CSA #11 (AD)
(4-Margin) tied by the dateless Bristol
V & T RR
(Virginia & Tennessee Railroad)
CDS. Light coarse paper cover adressed to Mr. John W. Payton, Rapid Ann
Station, Culpeper County, Virginia. Rapid Ann Station was an important
stop on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Very clean cover.
John William Payton (Peyten) (1839-1914) is listed as a 20 year old carpenter in Culpeper County, Virginia, on the 1860 Federal Census. His father, William S. Payton (1816-1899), was the Rapidan postmaster during the war and his son (John W. Payton) was appointed postmaster in 1865 and served as postmaster until his death in 1914. John W. Payton did not serve in the army due to disabilty but left a very detailed daily diary of the war years in this part of Virginia from the civilian point of view, a diary which has since been published and is available today.
PRISONER OF WAR
||Inside South-to-North Throuth-the-Lines POW Cover which originated in Charleston SC. Endorsed at left “Prisoner of War Letter Charleston SC” and “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. Union Annapolis, Md double ring CDS and Target with handstamp “Due 6” dated 20 OCT 1864. Flag of Truce Boat most likely skipped Fortress Monroe and went on up to Annapolis where the cover entered the Federal mail system. Blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Samuel B. Talpey, Lynn, Mass. Cannot identify who sent the cover as there is no Union soldier listed as a POW named Talpey. Backflap opening tear and professional edge and corner repairs to a Very Fine appearance. Unusual POW usage Ex-Kohn, Ex-Walske.||$750.00|
||South-to-North cover from Thomaston, Ga to POW at Camp Douglas, Ill. Cover originated in Thomaston, Ga with the Thomaston, Ga CDS (date not fully apparent) and manuscript “Paid 10” for the CSA postage. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James F. White, Co B 55 Ga Regt, Barracks No 12, Camp Douglas, Ill and routed through Richmond, Va. The Federal postage was paid with a USA #65 stamp also tied by a second strike of the same Thomaston, Ga CDS which shows that the stamp was applied to the cover by the sender in Georgia. No Union postal markings. Very unusual to see a POW cover with the Federal stamp canceled only by the CSA postmark. “By Flag of Truce” at left. Manuscript “Ex” and pencil notation on the contents “$10 Confederate Money” and “$1 US Banknote.” Additional manuscript notation “Can’t be found.” Most of Co B 55th Ga Inf was captured at Cumberland Gap, Ten in 1863 and sent to Camp Douglas. But there is no James F. White recorded on the roster of the 55th Ga Inf, and he apparently could not be found at the prison. So uncertain of the soldier’s actual fate due to lack of records. Cover clean but shows some edge and corner wear. Ex-Walske.||$1,250.00|
||South-to-North POW Cover addressed to Mr. Wm Piper, Prisoner of War, Point Lookout, Maryland. USA #65 with a cork cancel and the Union Old Point Comfort, Va 16 JAN (1865) postmark at the lower left. This is the inside envelope bearing the Union postage. The outer envelope with the Confederate postage would have been discarded at the transfer point. Period docketing in red “Oct 23, 1864 B. S. Allen Chaffins Farm, Va” would refer to the original contents with the letter date and the sender. The large manuscript “P” at the lower left is very likely an examiner’s mark which is not identified. The POW was Private William Piper Co A 23rd Ten Inf who was captured in June 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg. Private Brackenridge S. Allen was a member of the same company. The cover most likely represents Private Allen sending a letter to his POW friend far from home. The two side flaps are missing as well as the bottom backflap. The top backflap is intact, so the item is a bit more than a front and is very clean. Ex-Bogg.||$350.00|
||Through-the-Lines North-to-South POW cover from Johnson’s Island to Shelby Springs, Alabama with the Richmond, Va Powell Type 6q CDS 23 JAN (1865) and handstamp “Due 10” Type IV. This is an inside envelope obviously folded at the edges to fit inside another envelope of slightly smaller size with the outer envelope containing the Union postage and discarded at the transfer point. Endorsed at top “From Lt Mc Glasscock Prisoner of War” with notation “via Flag Truce” at lower left. Addressed to Col John F. Conoley, Shelby Springs, Alabama. The addressee was the Colonel of the 29th Alabama Infantry. The POW sending the cover was 2nd Lieut Macabees Glasscock (1823-1902) of Co B (Blount County Hornets) 29th Ala Inf. Lieut Glasscock entered service as a Sergeant on 9/22/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 7/31/1862. He was captured as a POW at the Battle of Nashville on 12/15/1864 (the last major engagement of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and held as a POW at Louisville before being transferred four days later to Johnson’s Island. He was released from prison 6/16/1865 and subsequently after the war relocated to Texas. Very Fine inside POW cover.||$500.00|
||North-to-South through-the-lines POW cover from Johnsons Island with USA #65 (minor faults) paying the Union postage Sandusky, Ohio Target 8 MAY 1864. Cover crossed the lines at Fortress Monroe with “Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va” at lower left. Cover taken to Richmond where a partial strike of a Richmond, Va Powell Type 6- CDS was applied over the Union postmarks with the handstamp “Due 10” Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at upper left “E. A. Holt Lt 38th Ala Regt Prisoner of War Johnsons Island.” Addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shephard Care of Hinson and Holt, Mobile, Ala. On arrival in Mobile, the Mobile, Ala handstamp “10” Type F was applied as a receiving mark. Period notation on the reverse indicates that the cover was received 19 JUN 1864 and is the 4th one received. Lt Holt was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and confined at Johnsons Island until released in June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. The Johnsons Island prison held mainly CSA officers, and the 38th Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. “Ex DSA” in manuscript at top which are the examining initials of DeAlva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Vols. Very clean cover.||$1,000.00|
||USA #65 with a cork cancel and no postmark. POW address to Thomas G. Read, Co E Ninth Division Care of Maj Brady, Pt Lookout, Maryland. The addressee was Pvt Thomas Griffin Read (1836-1895) of Co I 33rd Va Inf. This regiment was part of the fame Stonewall Brigade. Pvt Read enlisted 7/11/1861 and is listed as captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 9/19/1864. He was confined at Point Lookout until exchanged 3/15/1865 and received his final parole at New Market, Va 4/20/1865. “Co E Ninth Division” in the address refers to a prison designation. Maj Brady mentioned in the address was Union Major Allen G. Brady who was the Provost Marshall of the prison in the final months of the war. Manuscript “L” is an examiner’s mark identified by Galen Harrison as having been used in JAN 1865, but the name of the examiner is not known. The cover would most likely have originated somewhere in Virginia from a family member of the POW with the outer envelope paying the CSA postage to the transfer point. This would be an inside cover with the Union stamp already affixed and then canceled at the transfer point where the outer envelope was discarded and the inside cover sent on to the prison. The cork cancel is consistent with the type of cancels used at Old Point Comfort at this time. Very Fine.||$250.00|
||USA #U34 Postal Stationery with a fancy geometric cork cancel (Union) and the matching Old Point Comfort, Va double ring CDS 25 JAN (1864). Inside South-to-North POW cover which originated at Libby Prison in Richmond. Endorsed at top “From Lieut Jno C. Roney, Prisoner of War, Richmond, Va Jany 4th 64.” Addressed to Miss H. M. Roney, Newark, Ohio. No examiners’s mark on the inside envelope. The original one page prisoner’s letter to his aunt remains and is datelined “Libby Prison Richmond Va Jany 4th 1864.” Letter states he has been a prisoner for eight months and his health is good and he is hoping to be exchanged. John C. Roney enlisted as a Corporal 4/27/1861 in Co H 3rd Ohio Inf and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 8/19/1862 and promoted 1st Lieut 1/1/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at Rome, Ga 5/3/1863 (along with most of the regiment) and confined at Libby Prison until moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was released at Wilmington NC 3/5/1865. Very Fine POW Cover and Letter.||$1,250.00|
||USA #65 Target Cancel and matching Union Port Royal SC double ring CDS 17 SEP 1864. This is a POW cover originating at the Roper Hospital in Charlston. The cover was exchanged through Confederate Pocotalogo SC and Union Port Royal SC and sent on to Mrs. George Kies, West Killingly, Conn. Period notation at left “Prisoners Letter Lt George Kies Charleston SC. Stewart L. Woodford Lt Col 127 NY Agent of Exchange (Union).” Pencil manuscript “Examined.” George Kies entered service as 2nd Lt Co K 18th Conn Inf 8/10/1862 and was promoted 1st Lt 8/18/1862. He was captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 6/15/1863, initially confined at Libby Prison before moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was paroled at Camp Asylum, Columbia SC 12/10/1864. Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital. Stewart Lyndon Woodford (1835-1913) entered service as Lt Col of the 127th NY Inf on 9/1/1862. He was promoted Col of the 103rd Conn Inf on 3/5/1865 and Breveted a Brig-Gen on 5/12/1865 before resigning the service 8/23/1865. POW covers exchanged through Pocotaligo and Port Royal are decidedly uncommon. Cover has a very minor reduction at left not affecting anything and a little edge staining top and right. Otherwise a Very Fine and scarce through-the-lines POW cover.||$1,250.00|
||North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from the Elmira NY Prison with a USA #65 tied by the Elmira NY double ring CDS 28 NOV 1864. The "Prisoner Letter Examined" oval handstamp of the Elmira Prison is on the face of the cover. Addressed to Mr. John W. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va by the way of Washington and Richmond by flag of truce. Endorsed at left "S. Baugh pvt 63rd Tenn." Cover transitted Richmond and received the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike blended with the other markings) and the Richmond "DUE 10" Type P handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Records on Confederate Tennessee soldiers are notoriously sketchy to non-existant. Could find nothing on this particular soldier. The Elmira Prison was put into use in July 1864. In late 1864, the 63rd Ten Inf was with the ANV, so Private Baugh was most likely captured somewhere in Virginia in late 1864. Very Fine POW Cover.||$450.00|
||North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from Point Lookout, Md Prison with a USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the matching Point Lookout, Md CDS dated in OCT 1864. "Prisoner's Letter Examined" handstamp Type B. Addressed to Miss Julia S. Hamrick, Mt Sidney PO, Augusta County, Virginia. "By Flag of Truce" at the top. Cover went by way of Richmond, Va and received only a very partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS (no date) which also ties the stamp and the Richmond "Due 10" handstamp Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at left "From H. L. Hamrick Co C 5th Va Infantry Point Lookout, Md." Private Hamrick from Staunton, Va had an interesting war career. He enlisted in Co C 5th Va Inf on 3/15/1862. He is listed as wounded in the head at Cedar Mountain (Va) 8/9/1862 but recovered and returned to his unit in December 1862. He was wounded a second time (in the hand) at Chancellorsville 5/3/1863 and captured as a POW. He was confined in Washington DC until exchanged in July 1863. He was wounded yet a third time (in the hand) at Payne's Farm (Va) 11/27/1863 and spent some time in the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond before retunring to his unit in February 1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Martinsburg WV 6/15/1864 and confined at Point Lookout. He was released (very likely exchanged) 3/17/1865 and was finally paroled 5/1/1865. He died in 1927. He undoubtedly had many very interesting stories to tell his grandchildren. Very clean cover. Notation on the back of the cover by VanDyk MacBride.||$450.00|
||USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel and the Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS 27 JUL (1864) North-to-South Johnson's Island POW Cover. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Sarah F. Jones, Spring Garden PO, Pittsylvania Cty, Virginia. Endorsed at upper left "Geo W. Jones Lt Co I 18th Va Regt." Manuscript at lower left "By Flag of Truce Care of the Comd Officer Fortress Monroe." Manuscript examiner's marking. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 13 AUG (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type P to assess the CSA postage. George Washington Jones (1832-1910) mustered into Co I 18th Va Inf 4/24/1861 as a 2nd Lieut and promoted 1st Lieut 4/26/1862. As a member of Garnett's Brigade of Pickett's Division, the 18th Va Inf was a Pickett's Charge unit at Gettysburg. Lieut Jones was wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He was confined at Johnson's Island until exchanged 3/14/1865. Johnson’s Island housed only CSA officers. Very Fine.||$600.00|
||USA #65 (natural
straight edge at left with guide line) with a target cancel and the
matching small single rim Delaware
City, Del. CDS 27 SEP (1864). North-to-South Through-the-Lines
POW cover which originated at the Fort Delaware Union
prison with the oval Prisoner's
Letter Examined handstamp Type A. Addressed to Mrs. H. J.
Dean (Key Box No 26), Spartanburg, South Carolina. "Per Flag of Truce"
at the top. Endorsed at left "Edwd
J. Dean Capt 22nd SC Regt CSA." Cover crossed into the
CSA through Fortress Monroe and was taken to Richmond where the Richmond, Va CDS
Powell Type 6- was applied which ties the Union stamp and has
an OCT (1864) date and the matching DUE 10 Type P
handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Very Fine.
Edward Jefferson Dean (1842-1885) was Captain of Co C 22nd SC Inf and was captured as a POW at the Siege of Petersburg Battle of the Crater 7/30/1864 and confined at Fort Delaware. After the war, he lived in Calhoun County, Alabama. The cover is addressed to Capt Dean's mother.
POW cover with USA
#65 tied by the BLUE
double ring Baltimore, MD
CDS and a matching BLUE
cancel 3 FEB 1864.
Addressed to Capt J. P. Cummins, Prisoner of War,
Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. Care of Gen Merdeth, Flag of Truce,
Fortress Monroe, Va. No CSA postage so most likely carried
transfer point to the prison under a separate cover or by a courier.
Gen Solomon A. Merideth at this time was the Federal Commissioner and
Transfer Agent at Fortress Monroe. His Confederate counterpart was Col
Robert Ould. Included with the cover is a lengthy typewritten note
about the cover by Stanley Ashbrook. Very Fine.
Jonathan P. Cummins entered service 7/24/1863 as 1st Lieut of Co H 9th Maryland Infantry 7/24/1863 and promoted Captain 8/13/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at Charlestown WV and confined at Libby Prison. Later exchanged, he mustered out with his unit 3/31/1864.
POW cover which originated at Camp Oglethorpe Prison for
Officers in Macon, Ga, with the Union Old Point Comfort, Va,
double ring CDS and the Union handstamp DUE 6
as the Union postage was unpaid. This would be the inside
with the outer envelope, which would have had the CSA postage to the
transfer point, discarded at the transfer point. Addressed to Mr. Emery
Fiske, Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts USA. Endorsed at upper left "Joseph E. Fiske, Capt Prisoner
of War." Pencil examiner's mark at left "Ex CHB." The
"CHB" examiner's mark has not been identified but is known to have been
used at Camp Oglethorpe. Galen Harrison in his definitive book
War POW mail lists only 28 covers from Camp Oglethorpe. Light stain at
upper left, otherwise Very Fine.
Joseph Emery Fiske (1839-1909) entered service as a Sergt in Co C 43rd Massachusetts Infantry 9/1/1862. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut 5/29/1863 and transferred to Co B 2nd Massachusettes Heavy Artillery. He was subsequently promoted 1st Lieut 7/30/1863 and Capt 10/9/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at the Battle of Plymouth (NC) 4/20/1864 (Confederate Victory) and confined for a short time initially in Wilmington NC and then transterred to Camp Oglethorpe in Macon, Ga. The Union officers captured at the Battle of Plymouth were the first POWs sent to Camp Oglethorpe. The enlisted men captured at that battle were sent to Andersonville. Capt Fiske was released 2/16/1865 (may have been exchanged) and mustered out with his unit 5/15/1865.
Through-the-Lines POW cover which originated from the Camp Sorghum
Prison in Columbia SC with
the Union double ring Old
Point Comfort, Va CDS 14 DEC (1864) and the Union circular
handstamp as the cover was sent with the Union postage unpaid. No CSA
postage but manuscript "Exd"
examiner's mark. This
would be the inside
envelope with the outer envelope containing the CSA
postage discarded at the transfer point. Addressed to Mrs. E.
McNary, Washington, Washington County, Pa. Endorsed at upper
right "O. R. McNary Lt
QM (Quartermaster) 103 Pa Vols Prisoner of War."
The cover may have been transferred through Hilton Head SC
taken by the Union to Old Point Comfort. No way to tell for
sure. Galen Harrison in his definitive book
War POW mail lists only 20 covers from Camp Sorghum. Very Fine.
Oliver R. McNary (1823-1895), (listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a Fire Insurance Agent in Washington County, Pa) entered service as the 1st Sergt of Co E 12th Pa Inf 4/25/1861. He was subsequently commissioned 2nd Lieut in 1862 and transferred to the 103rd Pa Inf and later promoted 1st Lieut. He served as the regimental Quartermaster. He is listed as captured as a POW at Plymouth NC 4/20/1864 and confined initially at Andersonville for 3 months. He attempted an unsuccessful escape from Andersonville and was transferred to Camp Oglethorpe Prison for Officers in Macon, Ga. He did escape from the Macon prison but was recaptured in mid-August 1864. Injured during his recapture, he was transferred to the 1st South Carolina Hospital in Charleston (Rickersville Hospital). After his stay in the hospital, he was sent to Camp Sorghum in Columbia. This cover dates from his time at Camp Sorghum not long before his parole as he was paroled in late December 1864. Upon his parole and return to the Union, he was hospitalized again at Annapolis, Md, where he mustered out of service. Lieut McNary had quite an odyssey during his time as a POW which he chronicled in a book published in 1891. After the war, he relocated to Leavenworth, Kansas. The McNary POW covers to and from his wife (including from the Rickersville Hospital in October 1864) were discovered in 1961 and reported in an article by Robert W. Werner in the October 1961 issue of The Confederate Philatelist. The McNary Rickersville Hospital covers were exchanged through Port Royal SC.
Through-the-Lines POW cover which originated from the Point Lookout MD
prison with USA #65 paying the Federal postage. Stamp canceled with a full Target and a full
strike of the Union double ring Point
Lookout MD CDS to the left 21 APR 1864. Cover transferred
though-the-lines and taken to Richmond where the Richmond, Va, CDS
was applied 7 MAY (1864) and handstamp DUE 10 Type P and a
small manuscript "Due 10"
to assess the CSA postage. Addressed to Mrs. Martha A. S. Riggins,
Prince Edward Co House, Virginia, Care of Mr. A. H. Faulkner Redd's
Shop. Endorsed at upper left "From
Jno J. Riggins Co F 18th Regt Va Infty." No examiner's
mark. Very clean cover.
John J. Riggins enlisted as a private in Co F (Farmville Guards) 18th Va Inf 2/26/1863. The 18th Va Inf was part of Garnett's Brigade in Pickett's Division and was a Pickett's Charge Regiment and suffered very heavy casualties at Gettysburg. Pvt Riggins is listed as captured as a POW at Gettysburg (7/3/1863) (Pickett's Charge) and confined at Point Lookout. He was paroled 5/3/1864 from Fort Delaware and rejoined his unit. He was captured a second time as a POW at Sailor's Creek (Va) 4/6/1865 and paroled from Point Lookout 6/17/1865.
Through-the-Lines POW cover which originated from the Point Lookout MD
prison with USA #65 paying the Federal postage. Stamp canceled with a Target and a partial
strike of the Union Point
Lookout MD CDS to the left 26 SEP 1864. Cover transferred
though-the-lines and taken to Richmond where the Richmond, Va, CDS
was applied 13 OCT (1864) and handstamp DUE 10 Type
P to assess the CSA postage. Addressed to Wm Deaton, Caledonia (Moore
County) NC. "Prisoner's
Letter Examinied Point Lookout" octagonal
handstamp Type B. These markings all overlap. No prisoner's
endorsement, but the cover was sent by Pvt Noah Deaton of Co H 26th NC
Inf to his father. Cover with a little light foxing, some
corner wear, and a little light scuffing over the last name of the
Noah Deaton (1838-1922) entered service as a private in Co H 26th NC Inf 6/6/1861. The 26th NC Inf as part of Pettigrew's Brigade at Gettysburg was a Pickett's Charge regiment. Pvt Deaton survived Pickett's Charge where his regiment took 80% casualties but was captured as a POW at Bristoe Station (Va) 10/14/1863. He was first confined for a short time at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC and then transferred to Point Lookout 10/27/1863. He was paroled at Point Lookout and exchanged through Aikens Landing in February 1865.
interesting and very unusual POW related Turned Cover --
1st Use (inside) - Through-the-Lines POW cover with the small double circle Brooklyn NY CDS 12 SEP 1864. Addressed to Lieutenant Joseph A. Peloubet, Prisioner of War, Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. There is no stamp and no indication of any postage paid and no examiner's mark. What appears to be the case is that the cover was posted and processed at the Brooklyn post office and then was sent through-the-lines at the transfer point under a larger separate cover perhaps together with a number of other covers from the same post office addressed to the prison and then carried by courier from the transfer point (presumably Fortress Monroe) without entering the Confederate postal system.
2nd Use (outside) - The original CSA stamp from the second use is missing (either removed or fell off), and a replacement stamp (CSA #12 AD) has been hinged in place for display purposes. A partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5- is apparent which means this use was either in late September or October 1864. Addressed to Mrs. Martha Carroll, Lynchburg, Va. On arrival in Lynchburg, the cover was not picked up by the addressee and was advertised with the application of the RED-BROWN Lynchburg, Va CDS 2 DEC (1864) on the reverse with the matching ADVERTISED 2 handstanp in the same red-brown ink as the postmark Type K. This advertised handstamp is a very scarce Lynchburg mark in its own right. Covers were generally advertised if they had not been picked up after two or three weeks. This second use would not have been sent by the POW from the first use. It has been surmised that the cover may have been used by a prison guard to send a letter home. That is entirely possible as the prison guards did trade with the prisoners even though trade with the prisoners was severely frowned upon.
Very clean cover with just a little minor edge wear. Ex-Kaufmann, Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.
Joseph Alexander Peloubet (1835-1907) of Bloomfield, New Jersey, enlisted in New York City as a private in the New York 4th Heavy Artillery. He was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant 8/17/1864. He was captured as a POW at the Second Battle of Reams' Station, Va (Petersburg Campaign) 8/25/1864 and confined at Libby, Salisbury, and Danville prisons until exchanged 4/5/1865. He mustered out of service 9/26/1865. After the war, he lived in Bloomfield, New Jersey, and was active in the New Jersey Association of Ex Prisioners of War. The 1870 Federal Census shows that he was engaged in the family's organ building business.
through-the-lines POW cover from the Danville, Virginia, Confederate
#65 tied by a cork cancel and the Old Point Comfort, Va
double ring CDS 17 JAN 1865. In the upper left corner is an uncancelled
CSA #11 (AD)
stamp. No indication that the cover actually entered the
CSA postal system but was most likely hand carried by a courier or
under a separate cover to the Old Point Comfort transfer point.
Addressed to J. W. Tiemann Esq Care Messers D. F. Tiemann & Co,
William Street, New York City, NY (note the full street address which
is unusual). Endorsed at top "From
W. F. Tiemann, Capt 159th N.Y.S.
Vols Prisoner of War Danville, Va." Since the POW was an
cover most likely comes from Building #3. Examiner's docketing at left
in pencil "Examined R.
C. Smith Lt Col Comdg." Lt Col Smith was in
command of the Danville prison Oct 1864 - Jan 1865 which therefore
the cover to Jan 1865. Galen Harrison in his definitive POW book
records only 35 covers from this prison. One of the covers
illustrated in the book also has an uncancelled CSA stamp.
This cover is known to have appeared in a Robert G. Kaufmann Auction (Sale 69 in 1990 Lot 516). The illustration from this auction catalog shows the cover without the CSA stamp. However, the illustration in the auction catalog clearly shows the outline of a missing stamp in the left upper corner which corresponds to the current CSA stamp (a photocopy of the original Robert G. Kaufmann Auction illustration is included with the cover). In my opinion, some time since the 1990 sale, the cover was restored to its original appearance by replacing the CSA stamp which also includes a restoration of the small part of the examiner's docketing which tied the original stamp. This is a legitimate expertly performed restoration of a very scarce and Very Fine POW cover and is fully identified as a restored cover.
William Francis Tiemann (1843-1926) from Brooklyn NY enlisted as a Private in Co B 159th NY Inf 11/1/1862. He was promoted Sergt Maj 11/2/1862, commissioned 2nd Lieut 1/13/1863, 1st Lieut 6/10/1863, and Capt 2/23/1864. He is listed as wounded twice - Irish Bend (La) 4/14/1863 and Port Hudson (La) 6/10/1863. He was captured as a POW at the Third Battle of Winchester (Va) 9/19/1864, confined at the Danville prison, and paroled 2/15/1865. He mustered out of service at Augusta, Ga 10/12/1865. After the war, he was the regimental historian and published a history of the regiment in 1891. The post war Federal Censuses list him as a "Color Manufacturer."
POW cover which originated from the Camp Douglas, Ill, prison near
#65 to pay the Union postage with a BLUE Grid cancel
and the matching BLUE
double ring CDS to the left 30 AUG 1864. Addressed to Mrs Luvina
Rucker, Rutherfordton, Rutherford Co. NC. Routing instructions at lower
left "Via Fortress
Monroe & Via City Point Va Pr Flag of Truce."
Cover transferred through Fortress Monroe with a CSA #11 (AD)
stamp (top clipped off) already affixed to pay the CSA postage and
taken to Richmond, Va, where the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6p 14 SEP
1864 was applied to cancel the CSA stamp with a second strike of the
same CDS applied which cancels the Union stamp. "Camp Douglas Prisoner's
Letter Examined" oval handstamp Type A. Very clean cover.
Minor edge repair at lower left. Extensive Molesworth Note on the
reverse. PSE Certificate 2001.
The sender of the cover was Adin Lynch Rucker (1842-1917) who was the addressee's, Mrs. Lavina Rucker (1804-1888), third son. He enlisted as a Sergt in Co F 62nd NC Inf 6/14/1862 and was appointed Hospital Steward 6/1/1863. He was captured as a POW at Cumberland Gap, Tenn, 9/9/1863 and taken first to Louisville, Ky, and then confined at Camp Douglas from 9/26/1863 until his parole 2/21/1865 when he was transferred to Point Lookout for exchange. After the war he served as the Rutherford County Superintendent of Schools and was elected to the House of Representives in 1893. He was also for a time editor of the Rutherford Tribune newspaper.
||POW Cover which originated at
Camp Douglas near Chicago. USA #65 with a Grid cancel and the
matching small single rim Chicago,
CDS 23 FEB (1865). Addressed to Mrs. Mattie Rucker, Murfreesboro,
Tennessee. At this time, Tennessee was under Union occupation, so the
cover did not travel through-the-lines and did not enter the Confederte
postal system. At upper right is a partial strike of the circular "Camp Douglas Examined Prisoner's
handstamp in black Type B. This is a scarce mark in use January - May
1865. The original prisoner's one page letter remains with the cover.
Very clean cover and a Very Fine letter.
The letter is datelined "Camp Douglas, Ill Barracks 41 Jan 28 1865." and is signed "W. M. Tourance, Co K 32nd Texas Regt Inf Barracks 41." The salutation is "Aunt Mattie Rucker" but doubt that she was really his aunt as the letter indicates that he was a friend of her recently deceased husband whom he refers to as "Uncle Sam," and he signs the letter as "True Friend." In the letter he is asking that she please send him $25.00. Across the letter is the large handstamp "Approved. / By order of B. J. Sweet, / Col. Comd'g Post" in RED Type C. This is an extremely scarce POW handstamp as Galen Harrison in his definitive book on Civil War POW mail lists only two recorded examples of this handstamp. The handstamp is in the CSA Catalog as black only. Most likely this is not one of the two recorded examples as it is in red and was acquired from a private collection where it resided for decades and is believed to be possibly unique. Included is a 1980 PF Certificate submitted by Jack Molesworth but only shows and mentions the cover and says nothing about the letter. Extensive note on the reverse by Jack Molesworth which does mention the letter and the red handstamp.
Could find no reference to a Texas soldier named W. M. Tourance (or any similar spelling). There was no official 32nd Texas Infantry, but there was a 32nd Texas Cavalry which was dismounted in July 1862 and fought as Infantry in the Army of Tennessee for the rest of the war and was often referred to as the 32nd Texas Infantry as the unit was never remounted. It is not unusual for CSA soldiers in the West to have no record available, and there is no listing of prisoners that were held and/or died at Camp Douglas.
POW cover which originated at Johnson's Island with USA #65
(nice stamp with an upper sheet margin) tied by a Grid Cancel with
the matching double ring Sandusky,
CDS to the left with a FEB 1864 date. Addressed to Mrs. Louisa Y.
Jones, Cartersville, Bartow County, Georgia, CSA. Routing instructions
at lower left "For Flag
of Truce Via Fortress Monroe & City Point, Va."
Endorsed at top left "From
Capt T F Jones 16th Ga Batt Cav."
Examiner's manuscript at top center. On transfer, the cover
transitted Richmond and received the Richmond, Va CDS which also ties
the Union stamp Powell Type 5f 25 FEB (1864). Very Fine.
Thomas Foster Jones (1832-1899) married Louisa Young in 1860. His wife was the sister of soon to be CSA General Pierce Manning Butler Young. Thomas Foster Jones served as Captain of Company A of the 16th Battalion Georgia Cavalry which was a Partisan Ranger unit. There is very little information on this unit and no specific wartime information on Capt Jones except that he is listed pre-war as a doctor but apparently served as a line officer and not in a medical capacity. The Partisan Ranger unit was active in East Tennesee in late 1863 which is most likely where he was captured as a POW and sent to Johnson's Island for confinement. No further information.
POW cover which originated at Johnson's Island with USA #65 tied by a
cork cancel with a weak but recognizable strike of the Sandusky, Ohio,
double ring CDS 9 DEC (1863). "Ex DSA" (ms) which is the Johnson's
Island examiner's marking of De Alva S. Alexander of the 128th Ohio Volunteers.
to Miss N. R. Abernathy, Lenoir, Caldwell Co. NC. Endorsed at left
Lieut "W. W. Dickson Co
A 22 Regt NCT (North Carolina Troops)". Routing
instruction at lower left "By
flag of truce via Fortress Monroe." Receiving docketing at
left "Ansd Jan 20th 64" which precisely dates the cover. When
transferred to the CSA, the cover transitted Richmond receiving the Richmond, Va CDS 18
DEC (1863) which also ties the Union stamp and the DUE 10 handstamp
Type P to assess the CSA postage before being sent on to the final
destination. Very clean cover opened at the right. Ex-Bartel, Ex-Weill.
William Wallace Dickson (1824-1884) of Caldwell County NC entered service as a Private in Co A 12th NC Inf 4/30/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 8/8/1861. The regiment was reorganized as the 22nd NC Inf in 1862. Lieut Dickson is listed as captured as a POW at Gettysburg (7/3/1863) (Pickett's Charge). He was first confined at Fort McHenry but soon transferred to Fort Delaware and then to Johnson's Island on 7/18/1863. He is listed as exchanged at City Point, Va 2/24/1865. The Dickson and Abernathy families were related by marriage.
||USA #65 (stamp
overhangs the cover edge at top and right) Pen-Cancelled and tied by
the postal manuscript markings
"Leesburg, Va May 25th 1865." Dated
not long after the end of the war and one of the earliest uses when the
Union postal service had been re-established in that part of Virginia
(Loudoun County). Marked "Soldiers
Letter" and addressed to Lieut L. M. Shumate, 8th Regt Va
Infantry a Prisoner of War at Johnsons Island, Ohio. Lieut
Shumate was still a POW at this time and had not yet been released. The
oval Johnson's Island
Prisoner's Letter Examined GFY Type A handstamp is on the
reverse. Part of top back flap missing, but still a very clean cover.
Lewis Murphy Shumate (1839-1919) enlisted as a private in Co C 8th Va Infantry 7/14/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 6/18/1862. Lieut Shumate was still on the rolls 12/15/1864. The 8th Va Inf was a Pickett's Charge regiment and suffered very heavy causalties in that action. Unknown if Lieut Shumate was involved in Pickett's Charge. He is listed as captured as a POW near the end of the war at Sailor's Creek (Va) 4/6/1865 and was confined at Johnson's Island until his Oath of Allegiance release 6/20/1865. After his release, he returned to his home in Loudoun County and went back to farming.
POW Cover with the Old Point Comfort, Va CDS 21 JAN (1864) and
Handstamp Due 3 which are Union marks applied at the transfer point. No
Confederate postage so cover was most likely handcarried to Old Point
Comfort (perhaps by an
exhanged or paroled prisoner) or sent under a separte cover where it
Union postal system. Endorsed at upper left “Soldiers Letter C. W. Tilden Col
16th Me Vol” with a Military Addressed to Lieut Col
A. B. Farnham, Comng 16th Reg Me Voln 1st Brigade 2nd
Div 1st A C (Army Corps), Washington DC.
Cover originated at Libby Prison in
Richmond, Va. Backflap
missing but still a Very Fine Libby Prison POW cover with a very
Col Charles W. Tilden (1832-1914), a merchant by profession, of the 16th Maine Inf had a colorful war record beginning service 5/28/1861 as a 1st Lieut and promoted Colonel of the Regiment 1/8/1863, and mustering out of service 6/5/1865 as a Brevet Brigadier-General. Col Tilden was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/1/1863 and held at Macon, Ga and Columbia SC before being transferred to Libby Prison. He successfully escaped from Libby Prison 2/9/1864 (famous Libby Prison Tunnel Escape when 109 Union officers succesfully escaped). Most of the escaped prisoners were recaptured, but Col Tilden successfully made it through the Union lines and rejoined his regiment. He was captured a second time as a POW at the Weldon Railroad (Petersburg Campaign) 8/19/1864. But three days later while on his way to Libby Prison for a second time, he successfully escaped again and rejoined his unit. He was listed as wounded at Hatcher’s Run (Va) 2/6/1865 but continued to lead his regiment despite a painful wound. His bravery was officially recognized by a Brevet Brigadier-General promotion 3/13/1865. After the war, he returned to his home in Maine.
Lieut Col Augustus B. Farnham (1839-1918) commanded the regiment while Col Tilden was a POW. Lieut Col Farnham was wounded at Five Forks (Va) 4/1/1865 but survived the war and was recognized for his bravery by a Brevet Colonel promotion 4/1/1865. After the war, he returned home to Maine and is listed as the Bangor, Maine, postmaster in 1880.
|13 MAY 2023 -- Presented here for the first time are seven premium POW covers from the collection and exhibit of Galen Harrison. These covers have not been offered on the philatelic market in quite a number of years. Mr. Harrison wrote and published the definitive work on the POW covers of the Civil War Prisoners' Mail from the American Civil War published in 1997. This book is the product of years of detailed research in the National Archives and elsewhere and belongs in the library of every philatelic collector of the Civil War. Over a period of decades, Mr. Harrison put together arguably the most comprehensive collection of Civil War POW mail ever formed. He regularly exhibited his collection and garnered numerous awards including Gold Medals and Grand Awards. His exhibits appeared multiple times in the APS Champion of Champions competition. Recently, a part of his collection of Northern prisons was sold at auction. But his covers of Southern prisons have not as yet been offered for sale. These seven covers are the first of the Southern prisons and were all part of his award winning exhibit. The covers are presented still on the exhibit page with the orignal exhibit commentary. The number of covers recorded by Galen Harrision are as of the publication of his book and when his exhibit was last updated. There may be additional covers not recorded. Additional research and information beyond what is on the exhibit page is the result of my own research. (JLK)|
||USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel and
the small double ring New-York
(City) CDS 26 JUL 1862. Period endorsement at top left "From Capt W. W. Warner, Prisoner
of War, Selma, Alabama." Addressed to Horatio Warner,
Clermont, Fayette Co, Iowa (Capt Warner's father). Examiner's
manuscript at the left edge "Examined
J.M.H." This is a Through-the-Lines
South-to North POW
cover which originated at the obscure Selma, Ala, prison in 1862. The
prison is mentioned several times in the Official Records, but Galen
Harrision recorded no known covers from this prison when his book was
published in 1997. This cover first came to light after the
was published and is currently believed to be the only known cover that
can be atrributed to this obscure prison. The examiner (J. M. H.) has
been identified as John M. Higgins, a clerk at the War Department in
Richmond. Since the cover did not go through the usual
point, it was most likely hand carried North by an exchanged prisoner
who dropped it in the Union mail when he arrived in New York City for
delivery to Iowa. Period pencil notation on the reverse "Williams letters written from
Reduced a little at left with edge wear and corner wear at the left
and light staining at the lower right. Ex-Brandon, Ex-Harrison Exhibit.
William W. Warner (1836-1863) is recorded on the 1860 Federal Census as a schoolteacher in Claremont County, Iowa. He enlisted as a private 9/15/1861 in Co C 12th Iowa Inf. He was commissioned and promoted Captain of Co C on 10/24/1861. He was captured as a POW at the Battle of Shiloh (Ten) 4/6/1862 and confined at several different locations including Madison, Ga, and Selma, Ala, (the Selma prison reportedly held 250 officers in the summer of 1862) before being transferred to Atlanta for exchange at an unrecorded date. After exchange, he rejoined his unit and was wounded at Vicksburg 5/19/1863. Capt Warner died of his wounds some months later on 12/22/1863 in Memphis, Ten, where he is buried. A full biography of Capt Warner appears in Campaigns and Battles of the Twelfth Regiment Iowa Voluntary Infantry 1861-1866 by David W. Reed. This biography contains quotes from his letters home. This cover does not contain a letter.
||USA #65 tied by a Grid Cancel and the New-York (City) CDS 1 MAR 1864. One page folded letter written on a ledger page datelined "Camp Ford near Tyler, Texas Jan 30th 1864." South-to-North Through-the-Lines POW cover that entered the Union Mails in New York City addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Allen, Syracuse NY Care of Dr. J. P. Dunlap. The very few letters known from the Camp Ford prison very likely went by ship to the North through occupied New Orleans. There is no endorsement, but the letter is signed "Capt Albert Allen 1st Regt USV (US Volunteers) Prisoner of War near Tyler, Texas." A list of POWs at Camp Ford includes Capt Allen but identifies him as a white officer of a colored regiment (78th US Colored Infantry assigned to the Department of the Gulf). In the letter, Capt Allen is simply informing his wife that he is well and giving her instructions how to properly send him a letter through the Provost Marshall General of the Department of the Gulf. Nothing further on Capt Allen. Manuscript "Examined P H Thomson AAG" at top right. Capt Thomson was an officer (Assistant Adjutant General) on the staff of CSA General E. Kirby Smith and examined Camp Ford POW mail. Galen Harrison records only seven covers from Camp Ford in his exhibit. This cover is illustrated on Page 68 of his POW book. The folded letter has splits in the folds sealed with nearly invisible high quality archival tape. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Harrison Exhibit.||$3,000.00
||Cover from a POW held at Camp Ford near Tyler, Texas. Addressed to Mr. Wm A. Kirby, Auburn, Cayuga Co NY. No prisoner's endorsement and no enclosed letter, but the cover is from 1st Lieut Charles Kirby of Co I 176th NY Inf to his father. Lieut Kirby (age 34) entered service as a 1st Lieut in Co I 176th NY Inf 12/19/1862. He was captured as a POW at Brashear City, La 6/23/1863. On that date, the Confederates staged an attack at Brashear City and captured many Union soldiers from the 176th NY regiment. Union POWs from the Brashear City action were taken to Camp Ford. This cover entered the Union mail in Union occupied New Orleans receiving the Union double ring New Orleans postmark dated 26 AUG 1864. Cover was rated "Due 6" as it was posted unpaid. On the reverse is the undated Confederate examiner's manuscript "Examined & forwarded Ig Szymanski AAG Asst Agent of Exchange." Also on the reverse "Ex-C" in red ink of unknown significance but may be a Union examiner's mark. According to the Union records, Lieut Kirby was paroled 7/24/1864 and mustered out of service in New Orleans 8/8/1864 which is a few weeks before this cover was posted. POW's exchanged or paroled from Camp Ford went through Shreveport, La, which was CSA headquarters for the Trans-Mississippi Department. Maj Szymanski, as the Agent of Exchange for the Trans-Mississippi Department, may have examined the cover at the camp prior to the parole or perhaps in Shreveport at the time of the exchange, or even before the exchange, as it is unknown how long it would have taken for a letter from Camp Ford to actually post in New Orleans. Galen Harrison does list Maj Szymanski as a Camp Ford examiner and lists only seven known covers from that prison in his exhibit. Very Fine. Ex-Harrision Exhibit.||$1,500.00
||CSA #13 Diagonal Bisect
paying the CSA postage and USA
#65 cork grid cancel paying the Union postage. South-to-North POW
cover which originated at the Florence
SC Stockade and transferred through Old Point Comfort, Va,
with the Old Point
double ring Union postmark tying the 20c Green bisect and dated 11 DEC
(1864). Addressed to Mrs. Mary Steiger, No 1126 North 4th Street,
Phila, Pa. Manuscript "Examined"
with no initials or signature at the top right. This "Examined" marking
is known to be from the Florence Stockade, but the examiner has not
been identified. The cover is a blue paper folded letter. The
writing of the letter has faded over the years and is difficult to
read. The dateline is "Florence
SC Oct 31st 1864."
From the date of the letter and the date of the Old Point Comfort
postmark, the letter must have been held for a few weeks at the
transfer point before being allowed to go through. The letter was sent
by Pvt Charles A. Steiger 5th
home to his mother. This cover has been known for decades
and is illustrated in the 1961 Antrim Book on Civil
Prisons (Page 136). The cover was in the Kohn Collection and sold by
Siegel Auctions in the Kohn Sale in 1970. In the 1970 description,
Siegel Auctions stated "...one
of the most important Prisoner of War covers in existence."
Receiving docketing on the reverse "Received
December 13th 1864." Galen
Harrison recorded only eight known covers from the Florence Stockade in
his exhibit. This is
currently the only known POW cover from anywhere with a 20c Green
Bisect used to pay the CSA postage.
The Union CSA #65 stamp on this cover is a replacement as the original
stamp apparently fell off many years ago. The stamp was identified as a
replacement in the 1961 book illustration and in the 1970 Siegel
auction. But the replacement is so good that it matches the tied cork
grid cancel perfectly. I would never have known it was a replacement if
it had not been described as such over 60 years ago. Few fold splits
sealed from the inside with older style archival tape and the replaced
stamp as described. Very clean cover. PF Certificate 1980 states that
the bisect use is Genuine and notes that the Union stamp is replaced.
This cover is listed in Scott but not priced. Ex Kohn, Ex-Harrison
Charles A. Steiger (Stiger) (1839-1893) enlisted as a private in Co A 5th Pa Cav (also known as the 65th Volunteers) 7/18/1861. He is listed as captured as a POW at the First Battle of Reams Station, Va 6/29/1864 and spent the remainder of the war as a POW being released 4/15/1865. After the war, Charles A. Steiger returned to Philadlphia and is listed as a butcher on the Federal Census of 1870.
cover which originated at the Florence SC Stockade and
transferred through Old Point Comfort, Va, with the Union Old Point Comfort, Va,
double ring postmark dated 14 DEC (1864). Rated "Due 6" for the
Union postage as the cover was sent unpaid. Prominent "Examined"
manuscript with no initials or signature. This "Examined" marking is
known to be from the Florence Stockade, but the examiner has not been
identified. Endorsed at upper left "From
Harry J. Eby Prisoner of War." Addressed
to Mr. Jason W. Eby (the POWs father), Carlisle, Cumberland Co., Penna.
Routing instruction at lower left "Via
Hilton Head." Galen Harrison recorded only eight known
covers from the Florence
Stockade in his exhibit. Cover shows edge wear, top back flap missing,
and an edge piece out at the top center. Ex-Harrison Exhibit.
Harry J. Eby (1845-1865) enlisted as a private in Co A 36th Pa Inf (also known as the 7th Regt Pa Reserves) 7/12/1861. He is listed as missing at The Wilderness 5/5/1864 which is where he was undoubtedly captured as a POW. He was paroled in early 1865 but died in the General Lyon disaster 3/18/1865. The General Lyon was a Union Steamship carrying mustered out Union soldiers and paroled POWs north from Wilmington NC when she burned and sank off the North Carolina coast with the loss of approximately 600 lives.
Through-the-Lines POW cover which originated at the Castle Thunder
prison in Richmond, Va, transferred through Old Point Comfort, Va. USA
#65 with a Grid Cancel to pay the Federal postage and the
Union Old Point Comfort,
double ring postmark 26 OCT (1863). Year of use confirmed by period
receiving docketing at the left. No CSA postage and no
mark. "Flag of Truce
upper left. This would be the inside envelope with the outer envelope
perhaps containing the CSA postage and examiner's mark discarded at the
transfer point. However, no examiner's marks are recorded from Castle
Thunder. Or the cover may have been carried by a courier from Richmond
to Old Point Comfort or even by an exchanged prisoner. Addressed to C.
A. Richardson, 15 Cornhill, Boston, Mass. The prisoner was a
civilian journalist, Albert D. Richardson. The addressee was a Boston
publisher and very likely a relative of the prisoner. Galen Harrison
recorded only eleven covers from Castle Thunder. Very Fine. Ex-Harrison
Albert Deane Richardson (1833-1869) was one of the most well-known journalists and authors of his day. He was also a Union spy. He reported on the war for the New York Tribune. Richardson and a fellow journalist, Junius Henri Browne, were captured by the Confederates at Vicksburg 5/3/1863. They were both held for 20 months in a number of different prisons and transferred to Salisbury Prison NC in February 1864. This cover is from when they were confined at Castle Thunder in Richmond. On 12/18/1864, both Richardson and Browne escaped from Salisbury Prison and successfully made their way through the Union lines about a month later. In November 1869, Richardson was shot for the second time (first time in 1867) but this time mortally wounded (he died a week later). He was murdered by the husband of his lover which was a huge scandal at the time.
cover which originated at the Castle Thunder prison in Richmond, Va,
transferred through Old Point Comfort, Va. Union
double ring Old Point
Comfort, Va, postmark dated 19 DEC (1863). The cover was
rated "DUE 3"
for the Union postage which was incorrect. Since the cover was sent
unpaid, the proper rating should have been "DUE 6."
No CSA postage and no examiner's mark. "Prisoners Letter Flag of Truce"
at left. This would be the inside envelope with the outer
the CSA postage and the examiner's mark discarded at the transfer
point. However, no examiner's marks are recorded from Castle Thunder.
the cover may have been carried by a courier from Richmond to Old Point
Comfort or even by an exchanged prisoner. Addressed to Hon James
Dixson, U.S. Senator from Conn, Washington D.C. Address lined through
and cover forwarded
to Col Townsend, Asst Adgt General, Washington D.C. Senator Dixson used
his Free Frank
at the upper right to forward the cover. Galen Harrison recorded only
eleven covers from Castle Thunder. Very Fine. Ex-Harrison
The following research is from Galen Harrison -- The cover is illustrated on Page 86 of Harrison's POW book. The cover was sent by John Watson of Hartford, Conn, a civilian prisoner at Castle Thunder. He was captured when the ship (mail boat) he was on ran aground in North Carolina. He was writing to his Connecticut senator asking for help. No further information.
|13 JUN 2023 -- Four additional premium items from the Galen Harrison Collection|
||Two Covers -- Civilian Flag of
Truce North-to-South (same correspondence) (Not POW)
First Cover -- CSA #8 (margin touches at left but with a spectacular pre-printing paper fold at the lower left corner affixed sideways) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS 2 JUN (1864) Powell Type 6m. Addressed to G. B. Smith Care of Waldo P. Johnson, Richmond, Va. At upper left in manuscript “Via Flag Truce” in the same hand as the address. The cover is a very unusual Richmond Drop Letter and a Civilian Flag of Truce cover. This would be the inside cover of the Through-the-Lines use with the outside cover containing the Union postage having been discarded at the transfer point. Therefore, the cover required only the CSA drop letter rate as Richmond was the final destination. The point of origin in the North is not known as the outer cover was discarded, and there is no enclosure. Cover very possibly originated in Union Missouri. Cover has a small stain at top center and a very minor reduction at the left but is otherwise Very Fine with an unusual and very scarce postal use combining the 2c Red-Brown stamp with Drop Letter and Civilian Flag-of-Truce postal use. Galen Harrision's research indicates that no more than six Flag of Truce covers are known with the 2c Red-Brown stamp. Ex- Harrison Exhibit.
Second Cover -- CSA #12 (AD) (margin close at the top) tied by two strikes of the Richmond, Va CDS 13 MAY (1864) Powell Type 6m. Same correspondence as the first cover but in a different hand. Addressed to Mr. Green B. Smith Care Waldo P. Johnson Esq, Richmond, Virginia. Richmond Overpaid Drop Letter. This cover is not marked as a Flag of Truce cover but is dated only a few weeks before the first cover and could very well be an unmarked through-the-lines cover. There is no enclosure. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. Ex- Galen Harrison Exhibit.
Waldo Porter Johnson (1817-1885) in 1861 was a US Senator from Missouri and was expelled from the US Senate 1/10/1862 for disloyalty to the USA as he had joined the Confederate Army. He served as Major of the 1st Missouri Battalion (CSA) and then Lt Col of the 4th Missouri Infantry (CSA) and was twice wounded at Pea Ridge. He later served as a Confederate Senator from Missouri from late 1863 until the end of the war. After the war, he spent a year in exile in Canada before returning to Missouri.
The addressee, Green B. Smith, is not identified but believed by Galen Harrision to possibly be Sgt Green B. Smith of Co F 11th Missouri Infantry (CSA). Sgt Green B. Smith was placed on the CSA Roll of Honor for bravery at the Battle of Jenkins Ferry (Ark) in April 1864.
These two covers complement each other and will only be sold as a pair on the exhibit page.
Covers -- Civilian Flag of Truce South-to-North and Blockade Cover
North Carolina to Massachusetts (same correspondence) (not POW).
First Cover - Kidder Correspondence - Civilian Flag-of-Truce which originated in Wilmington NC addressed to E. H. Kidder Care of Gilbert Potter, 181 Front, New York (City). The cover is from Edward Kidder, a prominent merchant in Wilmington NC, to his son in New York City. This would be the inside envelope with the Union postage affixed with a USA #65 stamp. The outside envelope paying the CSA postage from Wilmington NC to Richmond would have been discarded at the transfer point. "Flag of Truce" at the top. Marked "Ex J. M. H." in pencil is the known censor marking of John M. Higgins at the War Department in Richmond. Union examiner's mark "Ex & Appd R. W. Shenk, Maj 135 P. V. (Pennsylvania Volunteers)" aboard the Kennebec (Flag-of-Truce transfer boat) with the cover entering the US mail at Annapolis, Maryland 14 OCT 1862. Maj Shenk was only in this position for two weeks before being relieved of duty (reason unknown). According to Galen Harrison's research, this is believed to be the only recorded Civilian Flag of Truce cover to use this route. Minor reduction at the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine. Ex- Galen Harrison Exhibit.
Second Cover - Kidder Correspondence - Blockade Cover which originated in Wilmington NC addressed to Mr. Edw H. Kidder, Cambridge, Mass. The handwriting is somewhat different from the first cover but from the same family in Wilmington to Edward Kidder's son in Cambridge, Mass (the son had the same name as the father). The only marking on the cover is the "New York Ship Letter (Due) 5" CDS 11 JUN (1863 by receiving docketing at the left). This cover is not listed in Walske-Trepel but another cover from the same correspondence is listed with the same New York Ship Letter mark and a Nassau transit mark. That cover went to Nassau via a Charleston blockade runner. This cover would have taken the same route through Nassau (either by a Charleston or a Wilmington blockade runner) and entered the US mails in Nassau. Since no other marking is on the cover, the cover would have made it to Nassau most likely under a separate cover perhaps containing multiple letters through a forwarding agent. Rough opening on the right involving the ship mark. Ex- Harrison Exhibit.
Edward Hartwell Kidder (the father) (1805-1885), born in New Hampshire but relocated to Wilmington NC and became a very prosperous merchant (lumber). He had family and much business interests and holdings in New England. Edward Hartwell Kidder (the son) (1840-1921) was a student at Harvard when the war began and graduated in 1863.
||Two covers - Immortal 600 - Lieut
George Williamson Finley 56th Va Inf and Lieut James Edward Cobb 5th
First Cover -- North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover - Immortal 600 - Cover originated from Johnson's Island (Ohio) with USA #65 tied by a cork grid cancel paying the Union postage and the Sandusky, O CDS 13 NOV (1863). Addressed to Wm H. Morton Jr Esqr, Clarksville, Mecklenburg County, Virginia. Routing at lower left "Via Fortress Monroe & Flag of Truce Boat." Johnson's Island censor marking "Examined E. O. Mitchell" (Lieut E. O. Mitchell 128 OVI). Endorsed at upper right "G. W. Finley 1st Lt 56 Regt Va Infy." Cover taken to Richmond after transfer with the application of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6i 27 NOV (1863) and handstamp DUE 10 Type P to assess the CSA postage for delivery to Clarksville, Virginia. Very Fine cover from a soon-to-be Immortal 600 prisoner from his earlier imprisonment at Johnson's Island. Ex- Harrison Collection but not part of his exhibit.
George Williamson Finley (1838-1909) had service in various Virginia units beginning in May 1861 before joining Co K 56th Va Inf as a 1st Lieut in April 1863. He was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 (one of the few survivors who crossed the stone wall near where CSA General Armistead was mortally wounded). He was confined first at Fort Delaware and then transferred to Johnson's Island 7/18/1863. He soon began his odyssey of transfers to various prison locations until ending up in Charleston in late August 1864 as one of the Immortal 600 prisoners placed under CSA fire on Morris Island. He survived returning to Fort Delaware in March 1865. He was released after the Oath of Allegiance May 17, 1865. After the war, he became a Presbyterian Minister. A more detailed biography of Lieut Finley accompanies the cover.
Second Cover -- USA #65 tied by a blue target cancel and the blue double ring Baltimore MD CDS 27 APR (1865). Addressed to Lt J. E. Cobb, Prisoner of War, 36 Division, Fort Delaware, Del. This is very likely the inside envelope of a cross border cover to a CSA prisoner in a northern prison. But there are no other markings on this cover with no indication of where in the South the cover may have originated. That is not unusual in late April 1865 after the surrender of the ANV with the war coming to an end. But definite origin in the South cannot be proven. This is a cover addressed to a CSA "Immortal 600" prisoner at the end of the war when the prisoner had been returned to Fort Delaware after being under CSA fire on Morris Island in the Charleston area. Such covers addressed to an Immortal 600 POW at Fort Delware at this time near the end of the wae are incredibly scarce. This cover has not previously been identified as an Immortal 600 cover until it found its way into Galen Harrison's collection. Some apparent adhesive staining, otherwise a very presentable cover. Ex- Galen Harrison Collection but not part of his exhibit.
James Edward Cobb (1835-1903), a lawyer by profession practicing law in Texas at the start of the war, entered service as 2nd Lieut Co F 5th Tex Inf in July 1861 and was promoted 1st Lieut in August 1862. The unit was part of the Texas Brigade in the ANV. Lieut Cobb was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/2/1863 and confined initially at Fort Delaware and then transferred to Johnson's Island 7/18/1863. In late August 1864, he began his Immortal 600 transfers to various prisons finally ending up in Charleston in August 1864 where the CSA officers were placed under CSA fire on Morris Island. He survived returning to Fort Delaware in March 1865. The history of this odyssey confirms 1865 as the year of this cover. The three times Lieut Cobb was at Fort Delaware were July 1863, June-February 1864, and March 1865 until his release after the Oath of Allegiance May 17, 1865. After the war, he re-located to Tuskegee, Ala, became a judge and was active in politics serving in the US Congress (1887-1897). A more detailed biography of Lieut Cobb accompanies the cover.
These two covers are offered as a pair and will only be sold as a pair. The reason is that they belong together because the Immortal 600 history of both Lieut Finley and Lieut Cobb is very much intertwined. Both were captured at Gettysburg, both were transferred initially to Johnson's Island together, and both were transferred together during the entire "Immortal 600" ordeal, and both were released together on the same day May 17, 1865. They were tent-mates during much of their prison life. (Ref: The relationship between Finley and Cobb is detailed in the book on the Immortal 600 by Mauriel Joslyn).
Cover - Immortal 600 - Morris Island, Charleston Harbor.
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Charleston SC CDS 30 OCT (1864). At upper left "By Flag of Truce Via Charleston SC." Manuscript "Ex H" which is the Union examiner's mark associated with Morris Island in September-October 1864. The mark is unidentified but is possibly Union Colonel Edward N. Hallowell 54th Mass Colored Infantry. Colonel Hallowell commanded the camp guards at Morris Island. Addressed to Mrs. Alley Trogden, Browns Mills, Randoph County, North Carolina. Cover originated from Morris Island in Charleston Harbor where the Immortal 600 CSA POWs were held under CSA fire, exchanged through Flag of Truce, and entered the CSA mail at Charleston with the CSA postage prepaid. Galen Harrison in his book recorded 20 covers from Morris Island, but this cover is not one of the 20 recorded. This is a new find as was previously unknown as a Morris Island Immortal 600 cover until it found its way into Galen Harrison's Collection but was not part of his exhibit. Very Fine.
There is no soldier's name on the cover, but the CSA POW who sent the cover was Lieut Zemeriah Hadley Lowdermilk (1841-1926) of Co H 3rd NC Inf, a farmer resident of Randolph County NC. The cover is addressed to Lieut Lowdermilk's sister, Angelette Lowdermilk Trogden (1818-1875). Lieut Lowdermilk entered service as a private in Co H 3rd NC Inf 6/29/1861. He was promoted through the ranks until commissioned 2nd Lieut 9/17/1862. He was hospitalized in Richmond with a gunshot wound 7/2/1862 (details not recorded) but recovered. Wounded again at Sharpsburg 9/17/1862 and wounded a third time at Chancellorsville 5/3/1863. Captured as a POW at Spotsylvania Count House (Va) 5/12/1864 and confined at Fort Delaware 5/14/864 until transferred to Hilton Head SC 8/20/1864 as part of the "Immortal 600" finally ending up in Charleston in August 1864 where the CSA officers were placed under CSA fire on Morris Island. He survived returning to Fort Delaware in March 1865 until his release after the Oath of Allegiance June 1, 1865. After the war, he relocated to Joplin, Mo, where he managed a telegraph company. A more detailed biography of Lieut Lowdermilk accompanies the cover.
|19 AUG 2023 -- Seven additional items from the Galen Harrison Collection but not part of his exhibit.|
||USA #65 tied by a Target cancel and the St. Louis, MO CDS 5 NOV addressed to Miss Sarah E. Thorp, Jacksonville, Randolph Co., Mo. The cover is from an unidentified CSA POW (possibly a captured Missouri Confederate soldier) held at the Gratiot Street Prison (formerly the McDowell Medical College building) in St Louis, Missouri, to either a relative or a girl friend. Examiner's manuscript "Passed K" unidentified examiner from this obscure prison. The prison is described in Galen Harrison's book with 11 covers recorded. This cover was used in the Harrison book as an illustration of a cover from this prison on Page 163. Very clean cover.||$400.00
||USA #65 with a blue Target Cancel and the matching double ring blue Baltimore MD CDS (partially struck off the cover) with an 1864 date addressed locally to Mrs. L. P. Beer, No 65 W Fayette St. Balt(imore) Md. The stamp overpays the local delivery by 1c. According to other covers in this correspondence, this cover comes from H. Louis Beer who was a Baltimore Southern Sympathizer held at the Fort McHenry prison as a political prisoner. The Fort McHenry prison held both CSA POW's and civilian political prisoners. No further information on prisoner Beer. Examiner's manuscript "Exd MRS Post Adgt" unidentified prison examiner. Galen Harrison identified 3 additional covers in this correspondence all from 1864 and recorded a total of 29 covers from the Fort McHenry prison in his book. Overall light foxing but still a very presentable cover.||$250.00
covers from the same correspondence. Two are POW covers into the
Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, Penitentiary. The covers are
from Kentucky and are not through-the-lines. -- 3c Pink 1861 Postal
-- The covers show faults and much edge wear but are still
quite presentable and are certainly historically
significant. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.
First Cover - Stanford KY CDS 1 OCT (1863) - POW Cover addressed to Adjt J. W. Alcorn, Prisoner of War, Allegheny, Pa., Care Capt Birmingham State Prison.
Second Cover - Somerset KY CDS 16 DEC (1863) - POW Cover addressed to Adjt James W. Alcorn, Prisoner of War, Allegheny, Pa., Care Capt Birmingham State Prison.
Third Cover - Somerset KY CDS 28 JUL addressed to Mr. James W. Alcorn, Stanford, Kentucky. Most likely post-war in 1865.
Two covers are addressed to a POW in the obscure Union prison Allegheny City, Pa., Penitentiary. This prison, according to Galen Harrison's book, was used August 1863 to March 1864 to house prisoners captured from CSA General John Hunt Morgan's raid into Ohio in 1863. No more than 112 POWs were held at this prison during that time. These prisoners were treated as felons and not as regular POWs. In March 1864, the remaining prisoners were transferred to Point Lookout, Maryland. Galen Harrison recorded 22 covers from this prison in his book all from the same correspondence - Lieut Van J. Sellers of the 2nd KY Cav (CSA). These two covers here presented are from a different correspondence and only came to light after his book was published. The 22 recorded covers were all from the prison. These two covers are the only two covers now known going into the prison. Allegheny City, Pa., no longer exists as it has since been incorporated into the City of Pittsburgh.
James Walker Alcorn (1838-1914), a lawyer by profession, entered service as a 1st Lieut and the Adjutant of the 6th KY Cav (CSA) 11/2/1862. In 1863, the regiment was part of Morgan's command. Lieut Alcorn was captured as a POW at Cheshire, Ohio 7/20/1863 (Morgan's raid into Ohio). His release date is not recorded. After the war, he returned to his home in Stanford KY where he practiced law and later became a judge. No information on Capt Birmingham who was very possibly the Union officer in charge of the military prison guard.
||USA #65 (nice 4-Margin stamp) with a Target cancel and the matching Rock Island, Ill CDS 31 JAN 1865. POW cover from the Rock Island Barracks prison addressed to Mrs. Lucy Hughes, Louisville, Kentucky, Care of Messers Wade & Smith. The cover is not through-the-lines. The sender of the cover is not identified but would have been a Kentucky CSA soldier POW sending a letter home to his wife or perhaps another relative. Blue oval "R. I. Barracks Prisoner's Letter EXAMINED" handstamp Type Ca in use AUG 1864 - FEB 1865. Very Fine Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.||$200.00
||USA #65 affixed
upside down tied by a segmented cork cancel with the matching Elizabeth NJ CDS 10
DEC 1864. POW cover
addressed to Commanding Officer for J. H. Atkins Pris of War, Ft
Delaware, Del. Docketing
at left referring to the original letter no longer with the cover "No
20 Nov 19." The cover is not through-the-lines. Very clean cover.
Ex-Brian Green, Ex Galen Harrison Collection.
James H. Atkins (1824-1901) entered service as a private in the Va Charlottesville Light Artillery 3/15/1862 and promoted Corpl 4/30/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at Spotsylvania CH (Va) 5/12/1864 and confined first at Belle Plain (Va) before being transferred to Fort Delaware 5/21/1864. He was released after the Oath of Allegiance on 6/15/1865. After his release, he returned home to Charlottesville where he became a well-respected banker. The sender of the cover to him from New Jersey is not identified.
||USA #65 tied by the Dorset VT CDS 27 JUL
(1864). POW cover
addressed to Lieut R. D. Gorrell, Prisoner of War, Johnsons Island,
Ohio, Block 8. The cover is not through-the-lines.
Manuscript Union examiner's mark "Ex
DSA" for De Alva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Volunteers and
in use 9/14/1863 - 11/17/1864. Small sealed vertical edge tear at top
center and top back flap missing. Still a very clean appearance.
Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.
Robert D. Gorrell (1834-1885) entered service as a Corpl in Co D. 57th NC Inf 7/17/1862 and commissioned 2nd Lieut 11/23/1862 and 1st Lieut 12/18/1862. He was promoted Capt 10/15/1863 but was captured as a POW very soon thereafter at Rappahannock Station (Va) 11/7/1863. He was confined first at Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC until transferred to Johnsons Island 11/14/1863. He was released after the Oath of Allegiance 6/13/1865. The sender of the cover from Vermont is not identified.
||USA #65 (very nice 4-Margin stamp) on cover but uncanceled and with no postal markings and undated indicating probable Money Letter to a prisoner. Prisoner address to Mr. R. B. Miller, Camp Chase Ohio Prison, S. Barrack 6. Both the addressee and the sender are not identified.||$100.00|
|Contemporary CDV of Libby Prison in Richmond, Va 1864. The CSA second national flag is flying from the top of the prison. The figures at the bottom right are two civilian men with a child between them and a Confederate officer in uniform with what appears to be a slave holding the officer's horse.|
|Enlargement showing the Confederate officer with the slave holding the horse.|
||Incoming Blockade Cover from New York City to Aiken SC via Nassau, Bahamas and Charleston SC -- The original letter remains with the cover dated New York City 19 Aug 1864. The cover arrived in Charleston SC on 3 DEC 1864 with the application of the small double circle Charleston SC CDS on that date. Records show that the blockade runner Laurel arrived in Charleston from Nassau on that date. Period receiving docketing at the left indicates that the letter was received 3 DEC 1864 and the sender’s name was Mrs. J. D. Parkinson. The full address is to The Revd J. H. Cornish, Aiken, South Carolina. Manuscript “12” in pencil indicating 10cts due for inland CSA postage plus 2cts ship rate with no SHIP or STEAM-SHIP handstamp. The cover is listed as BI-Ch-75 on Page 248 of the Walske-Trepel book. However, in the book the name of the addressee was misread as “McCormick.” Cover shows a little edge wear and part of the backflap is missing. Still a very fine inbound Charleston blockade cover with the original letter confirming the point of origin.||$1,600.00|
||Incoming Blockade Cover from London, England to Staunton, Virginia via Charleston. Folded Letter complete (business) datelined in London 1 JUN 1864. “Via Bermuda” at upper left. Cover entered the CSA at Charleston receiving the Charleston SC CDS 29 JUN (1864) and the oval STEAMSHIP handstamp (Type B) with manuscript “12” in blue pencil (2c ship fee plus 10c inland CSA delivery fee) and then sent on to Virginia. Addressed to W. J. Hull Esq Care of Honbl L. P. Thompson, Staunton, Virginia. Cover is listed in Walske-Trepel as BI-Ch-57 carried into Charleston by the blockade runner Druid. Folded letter has some fold separations and some edge faults with a central vertical file fold. Still a very decent presentable blockade cover.||$1,500.00|
||Handcarried and undated Blockade Cover with no postal markings addressed to Mrs. C. L. Burckmyer Care Messer Fraser Trenholm & Co, Liverpool, England. Envelope No 10 from the well-known Burckmyer Blockade Correspondence between Charleston SC and Liverpool, England. Photocopy of the original letter held in the South Carolina archives is included.||$350.00|
||Incoming Blockade Cover through
Bermuda into Wilmington NC and on to Wetumpka, Ala. Cov
is from the known Lull Corrspondence addressed to Mrs. S. G. Lull,
Wetumpka, Ala Care Messers DeRosset Brown & Co Wilmington NC.
received the Wilmington
NC CDS dated 10 JAN (1864) and the handstamp SHIP with "12" manuscript
indicating 12c due (10c for the inland CSA delivery plus 2c ship fee).
Excellent strikes of the postal markings. "Presto"
manuscript at upper left corner which is the name of the blockade
runner that carried the cover. Very clean cover with just a little
minor nibbling at the left center edge which does not detract from the
overall appearance. There is no enclosure, so the precise origin of the
cover is not known. This cover is listed as BI-WM-52 in the
Walske-Trepel Census. Part of backflap missing, otherwise a Very Fine
incoming Blockade Cover.
The Presto (original name Fergus) was built in Glasgow, Scotland by Alexander Stephens & Sons in 1863 for the specific purpose of running the blockade. She was consigned to DeRousset Brown & Co in Wilmington and made only two successful blockade runs before she was destroyed attempting to enter Charleston Harbor in February 1864. The Presto ran aground in fog right in front of Fort Moultrie. A New York Times article from 2/14/1864 describes what happened when the fog lifted -- "She was a splendid looking side-wheel steamer with two smokestacks and rakish masts. Forts Wagner and Gregg, aided by two monitors, at once commenced to shell her, and by noon she was a complete wreck. A two hundred pounder Parrot from Fort Wagner cut her nearly in two. Besides the shelling of the steamer, the City of Charleston, James Island, and Forts Johnson and Moultrie have received a tremendous cannonading."
Blockade Cover Liverpool, England to Charleston SC. Folded
letter complete datelined "The Royal Bank of Liverpool 14th September
1861" and addressed to SouthWestern Rail Road Bank, Charleston SC. The
cover itself is a folded ledger sheet which is an account statement
with a short business letter. No postal markings and carried through
the blockade completely outside the mails. Receiving docketing on the
reverse "Recd Sep 25th." That is a fast blockade transit only 11 days
after the date of the letter. Some minor toning and two vertical file
Blockade Cover Charleston SC to Liverpool, England. Two
letter complete on blue lined letter paper datelined “Charleston July
17th 1861” and addressed to Thomas Horsey Esqr Care of Messers Fraser,
Trenholm & Co, No 10 Rumford Place, Liverpool, England. No
markings and carried through the blockade entirely outside the mails.
The addressee was a Confederate European agent. Letter is dated 4 days
before the Battle of First Manassas, and the writer did not have much
to report. So the letter only contains general comments about the
current political situation and the perception of the Confederacy. The
letter could benefit from a transcription. Few minor tape stains
otherwise very clean. Ex-Calhoun with a 1981 CSA Certificate.
Blockade Cover from Bremen, Germany, to Richmond, Virginia, via
Liverpool, New York, Nassau, and entering the Confederacy through
Charleston (CC BIB-02).
Full strike of the large single rim Charleston
SC CDS 29 JUN 186(3) with a full strike of the handstamp STEAM-SHIP in an
oval Type B and manuscript "12"
(10c inland CSA postage and 2c ship fee). Addressed to James Thomas
Jr., Esqr, Richmond, Va. The addressee was a prominent tobacco merchant
in Richmond. The cover contains six pages of duplicate letters and
ledger sheets on very thin paper all related to the tobacco business.
It is amazing that everything is intact with only minimal damage with
the paper being so thin. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann, Ex-Walske
his notations on the back concerning the routing. Listed in the
Walske-Trepel book (BI-Ch-41).
Cover apparently went under seperate cover through forwarding agents as there are no other postal markings on the cover. The letter is datelined "Bremen (Germany) 3rd June 1863" and made its way to Liverpool, England, where it departed on the Cunard British Steam Packet Scotia which departed Liverpool June 6, 1863 arriving in New York in closed mail June 16, 1863. The cover departed New York on the Carribean Cunard British Steam Packet Corsica arriving in Nassau June 24, 1863. In Nassau, the cover was transferred to the blockade runner Fannie which succesfully entered Charleston June 28, 1863, receiving the Charleston postal markings the next day and then sent on to Richmond. Total transit time Bremen to Charleston 25 days. The Fannie was a very successful blockade runner making 20 successful runs 1863 through Apirl 1865 and survived the war.
||Adversity Cover with no postal markings (handcarried outside the postal system) addressed to Mr. John James, Grove Station, Greenville District, South Carolina. The cover is made from a used Port of Savannah shipping document dated 1857, so the handcarried use is very likely from the Confederate period. Displayed flapped up from the lower left cornershowing an eagle illustration. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.||$100.00|
||Semi-Official Imprint Cover "Head Quarters, Department of N. C. Official Business" (Type WD-ZA-13). Handcarried outside the postal system to Mrs. J. R. Anderson, Richmond Favd by Maj Ashe. The addressee was the wife of CSA Brig-Gen Joseph Reid Anderson. Gen Anderson was in command at Wilmington NC from Sept 1861 into early 1862. So the cover could be a letter from the general to his wife. But the handwriting on the cover is not that of Gen Anderson. So someone else addressed the cover. Gen Anderson resigned 7/19/1862 to devote full time to the management of the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond. Major Ashe, who is named as the carrier of the cover, was most likely Major William Shepperd Ashe (1814-1862) of North Carolina who served as a Quartermaster Officer in Richmond in charge of railroad transportation. He could have carried the letter as a favor to the General in early 1862 when he was returning to Richmond. Major Ashe was killed in a railroad accident near Wilmington NC in Sept 1862. Cover is clean with a small reduction at the top not affecting anything, a small corner fault at the upper left, and a missing top back flap.||$200.00|
||Period full length engraving of Maj Gen George B. McClellan in uniform published by Magee of Philadelphia in 1861. The engraving is approximately 8 x 5 inches and is Very Fine.||$45.00|
||United States Military Telegraph Office (Department of the Gulf) form at occupied Port Hudson, La Sept 20, 1864 from occupied New Orleans. To Col Alexander from D. J. Wenz "Can accommodate let him come to my house."||$25.00|
||Small commercially made Valentine envelope with an embossed classical female portrait at the upper left. No postal markings and hand delivered to Mr. Howel(l) Cobb, Athens, Georgia. Dated at left in pencel FEB 13 - 61. The pencil date may or may not be period. If the date is correct, that would put the cover in the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. On the reverse sealing the back flap is a small period label which was meant to be humorous showing a husband and wife in bed "You were a very different man then McCaudle" the meaning of which escapes me. The original period Valentine card enclosure is with the cover "To my true Valentine" with an elbortate flower bouquet. Howell Cobb, the recipient of the Valentine, was the most prominent Georgia politician of his day, and his history is well known. Former Speaker of the USA House of Representatives, former Governor of Georgia among other offices, and later a CSA Major-General. Have no idea who sent the Valentine, but most likely it was not his wife as the first name is mispelled on the cover, and in February 1861 Howell Cobb was in Montgomery, Ala as President of the Confederate Provisional Congress. One could speculate that it was from a "secret admirer." Everything with the cover and the Valentine looks to be correct for the period. Small sealed edge tear top center, back flap opening tears but the label is undamaged, and a repaired upper right corner. The Valentine enclosure is Very Fine. Valentines from this period are scarce as are covers with these so-called humorous Victorian labels on the back most of which were damaged in opening.||$250.00|
||The tattered cover offered here
is an extremely important cover in the story of Missouri Confederate
postal history. The cover has a single CSA #7
stamp with a pen cancel sealing the back flap. A second CSA #7 stamp is
missing and was probably torn away at opening. There is no indication
of where the cover entered the CSA postal system. The important part is
the full military address "Lieut
Col F. L. Hubbell Care 3rd Mo Inftr, 1st Brigade Bowen's Division, Port
Gibson, Miss." I
first acquired this cover in 1994 and sold it to noted Missouri postal
historian and collector Richard A. Hall of Jefferson City, Missouri.
Mr. Hall was ecstatic to find this cover saying he had been looking for
such an item for 30 years. I sold him the cover, and he did
considerable research. He published an extensive article on the cover
which appeared in the Jul-Aug 1995 issue of The Confederate Philatelist.
His research convinced him that the cover was carried through-the-lines
by the Confederate mail runner Capt Absolom Grimes from Missouri and
dropped into the Confederate mail system at an unknown location. Capt
Grimes' exploits are chronicled in a 1929 book. To date this remains the only
cover with documented research and believed to be an Absolom
Grimes carried cover.
The cover with a summary of Absolom Grimes' exploits and a more
detailed analysis of the cover appear on Pages 231-232 of my
book Collector's Guide
to Confederate Philately Second Edition.
The cover disappeared in the late 1990's when Mr. Hall's material was
sold at auction. No one knew where it was. But it fortuitously and very
luckily came back into my hands recently through a private buy. The
cover is offered with a typed draft of Mr. Hall's original article
which still remained with the cover.
Findlay L. Hubbell (1830-1863) from Ray County, Missouri, enlisted as a private in the 3rd Missouri Infantry (CSA) in December 1861. He was promoted Major the next month and Lt Col and commander of the regiment in November 1862. He was killed in the fighting around Port Gibson, Miss in May 1863.
||Adams Express Cover within the
no postal markings addressed to Mrs. Don P. Halsey Care Col
Otey, Adams Express, Lynchburg, Va. Notation at the top in the same
hand as the address "Col Otey will please deliver immediately as it is
important business." The cover is undated but most likely from 1864 by
the names on the cover. Very clean cover.
The addressee was the wife of Major Don Peters Halsey (1835-1883) who most likely sent this cover to his wife. Don Peters Halsey entered service as 2nd Lieut of Co G 2nd Va Cav 5/28/1861 and was discharged 4/25/1862 when he failed reelection. He was recomissioned into the Confederate States General Staff 5/15/1862 and served as a staff officer (AAG) to various CSA generals for the rest of the war. He took part in many battles including Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He was wounded at Seven Pines (Va) 6/15/1862 losing the vision in his right eye, wounded again and captured as a POW at Stone Mountain (Ga) 9/14/1862 and exchanged a few weeks later, and captured again as a POW at Waynesboro (Va) 3/2/1865 and confined at Fort Delaware until exchanged. Promoted Captain in 1862 and Major in 1864. After the war, he practiced as a lawyer in Lynchburg.
Kirkwood Otey (1829-1897), an 1849 graduate of VMI, entered service as Lieut of Co G 11th Va Inf 4/23/1861. He was promoted through the officer ranks becoming Lieut Col 9/24/1863 and Colonel of the regiment 12/20/1864. He is listed as wounded in the shoulder at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 (Pickett's Charge as the 11th Va Inf was part of Kemper's Brigade in Pickett's Division) and wounded a second time at Drewry's Bluff (Va) 5/16/1864. Very likely he was at home in Lynchburg recovering from his Drewry's Bluff wound at the time of this cover. He commanded the regiment from Gettysburg to the end of the war. Of note is that he underwent a court martial for being drunk on duty 4/15/1863. He apparently beat the charge as there is no further record and he continued in service. After the war, he served as the City Auditor for the City of Lynchburg and also served in the Virginia State Militia.
stampless covers from the Furman correspondence --
1) Milledgeville, Ga CDS with handstamp PAID 5 Type C 27 JUN. Addressed to Dr. John H. Furman, Manchester So. Ca.
2) Manuscript postal marking "Manchester SC July 4th " with matching manuscript "Paid 10." Adressed to Dr. John H. Furman, Milledgeville, Georgia.
3) Manuscript postal marking "Manchester SC Oct 16" with matching manuscript "Paid 10." Addressed to Dr. John H, Furman, Milledgeville, Georgia.
The manuscript postal markings on the two Manchester covers are different handwriting. All three covers are clean. One has a missing back flap, one has a few back flap opening tears, and the third one is Very Fine. There are no enclosures.
The addressee, Dr John Howard Furman (1827-1902) an 1845 graduate of the Charleston Medical College and a grandson of Richard Furman for whom Furman University was named, is listed on the Census of 1860 as a physician in Sumter District, South Carolina. He also practiced for a time in Milledgeville, Georgia. In addition to being a physician, he was also a successful South Carolina planter before the war.
||Large 9 x 6 inch card with the 10c Altered Plate Columbus Block of 9 on one side and the 10c Altered Plate Baltimore Block of 9 on the other side printed by August Dietz c1926. This item is listed on Page 361 of the new CSA Catalog as U-2-3b.||$100.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin)
Pen-Cancelled and tied by the pen stroke. No postmark and no indication
of the source of the cover. Adversity
Cover made from a printed Weight / Cost Mathematical Conversion Table
which has been opened for display. Period address to Honbl Wm H. Lyons,
Pemberton, Va. Period receiving docketing at the left dates the cover
to August 1864. Very clean cover.
William H. Lyons (1831-1867) was a judge of the Hustings Court of the City of Richmond. A hustings court, now essentially obsolete, dealt with wills, deeds, and other local matters.
||Blue paper Southern Express Company TELEGRAPH imprinted cover to R. Gorrell, Greensboro NC and charges "Pd." Ralph Gorrell was a Greensboro lawyer. Telegraph envelope not postally used. Early in the war, the Adams Express Company reoranized into the Southern Express Company. This telegraph cover is from early in the war and is quite a scarce item. Very Fine. Ex-Kramer telegraph exhibit.||$500.00|
Soldier's Camp Letter -- Lengthy extremely well written
from a Union officer to presumably his girl friend. The letter written
on high quality commercial letter paper is datelined "Camp 4 miles
south of Woodstock Va April 6th 1862" to "My dearest
Eliza." The writer
of the letter is well educated, and the handwriting is very neat and
easy to read. Affixed to the upper left corner of the letter
an unused CSA #1 stamp
Stone 2 Position 12. The stamp is referenced at
the end of the letter "I
send you a specimen of C.S. postage stamps
which is a fair sample in point of execution of the most of their
handiwork unaided by the cursed Yankees." He does not say
how he acquired the stamp.
The first part of the letter
references the recent military activity, and the second half of the
letter is more personal. A full typed transcript of the letter is
included. Also included is the original envelope but the Union
stamp has been cut off at the right upper corner and all that remains
a portion of the Union Bank's Division BLUE postmark. Addressed to Miss
E. M. Frazier, Susquehanna Depot, Susquehanna Co., Penna. The letter
and the stamp are Very Fine.
The letter is signed "Allen" and his unit is identified as Company A 39th Illinois Infantry 2nd Brigade Shields Division. It is clear from the letter that Allen is an officer as he makes a reference to "other officers" in the letter. In searching the records and the rosters, the only one who fits in Company A 39th Illinois Infantry is Lieut Allen B. Johnson (1835-1864) who must be the writer of this letter. There is very little information about Lieut Johnson. He was originally from Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, but entered service in the 39th Illinois Infantry from Will County, Illinois. He died in September 1864, but the cause of death is not recorded. He is buried at the South Montrose Cemetery in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Since he is not recorded as a battle death, he presumably Died of Disease.
"Eliza" is Eliza M. Frazier (1834-1916) listed on the 1860 Federal Census as living in Susquehanna Depot as per the address on the envelope. She lived her entire life at that location and is also listed on the 1910 Federal Census. She never married and is buried there. Judging from the letter, if Lieut Johnson had lived, the two of them very likely would have married.
||Cover from the General Robert E. Lee Correspondence just recently released by the Lee family. These recently released covers have never before been offered on the philatelic market. This cover is addressed in General Lee's hand to his second daughter Miss Annie Lee, Marlborough, Hanover (Va). No postal markings as the cover was most likely carried by a military courier and did not go through the postal system. Period docketing at the left "14 May 1862" refers to the date of the letter making this a wartime cover. In May 1862, General Lee was in Richmond as the military advisor to President Jefferson Davis. He took command of the Army of Northern Virginia two weeks after this letter to his daughter on 1 JUN 1862. General Lee's daughter, Annie Lee (1839-1862), died of Typhoid Fever in August 1862 a few months after this letter. The cover shows a little wear with sealed tears, an edge fault at the upper right, and a small reduction at the top. Notation at the left in blue crayon is a filing note from the Lee family when the correspondence was organized by the family some years ago. The letters were not released, only the 19 covers recently sold at auction. This was the only one I was able to acquire. A rare opportunity to own a newly released cover with a direct connection to General Robert E. Lee.||$1,250.00
||Union Document - Commutation
Money Receipt - Printed
filled-in receipt for $300 from William Edwards of Newark NJ to obtain
exemption from the conscription laws. William Edwards was drafted July
14, 1864 and the receipt is dated "Aug 18th 1864" more than a month
after he was drafted. This is Receipt #229 with imprint "Office of Receiver of
Commutation Money" signed
by D. M. Wilson Receiver of Commutation Money. When a young man was
drafted into the Union Army, he had several choices: 1) He could enlist
and report for service in the army as required by the draft, 2) or he
could hire and pay for a substitute to take his place, 3) or he could
buy his way out of the draft for the sum of $300 paid to the Federal
government. This was according to the conscription law passed in March
1863. Only the rich could afford to hire a substitute or pay the $300
to avoid the draft. $300 represented a year's salary earned by an
ordinary worker in the 1860's. So the poor working man was drafted and
went to war while the rich legally bought their way out of going to
war. This was one of the causes of the bloody New York City Draft Riot
in July 1863. Not many of these commutation receipts remain as
people grew ashamed later of paying money to stay out of the war and
did not keep the receipts. When one of these rare receipts came up for
sale in the recent past, it would sell at auction for as much
a $1000 or more. Fairly recently, a small hoard of these receipts was
found in Newark NJ (known as the "New Jersey Hoard") consisting of
perhaps 50 examples making them a little more readily available to the
collector. This receipt is from that newly discovered hoard. An
interesting item of Union Civil War history. Minor edge fault at upper
left and several light vertical file folds.
Alfred Edwards, who resided at 10 Franklin Place in Newark NJ (address is on the receipt), according to the 1864 Newark City Directory is listed on the 1860 Federal census as 51 years old and a "Silver Plater" by profession with a real estate and personal wealth of $30,000 ($1,100,000 in today's money). His son William was 21 years old in 1864, and Alfred could easily have afforded to buy his son out of military service according to the law of the time.
||State of Virginia Overall
Semi-Official Imprint Office of the Second Auditor and the Virginia
(CC S-VA-06) hand-carried outside the postal system with no postal
markings and not dated. Addressed to a soldier in Major John S. Mosby's
Command in the field - John
H. Thomas, Mosby's Command, Lenoir Co., Va. At lower left "Attention of Mr. Ayre"
which may be the name of the person who carried the cover. Minor small
edge tear at bottom center, otherwise Very Fine. Covers to a soldier in
Mosby's unit in the field are not common.
John H. Thomas (1843-1888) enlisted as a private in Co A Mosby's Partisan Rangers (Partisan Cavalry) (formerly known as the 43rd Batt Va Cav) 9/1/1863 and rose to the rank of 4th Sergt. He had prior service in 1862 as a private in Co G 4th Va Cav. He was paroled 4/21/1865 at Winchester, Va., when Mosby surrendered his command and took the Oath of Allegiance 5/9/1865 at Alexandria, Va. His father was Henry W. Thomas who was the Auditor for the State of Virginia which explains the use of this envelope. John H. Thomas reportedly lived in Baltimore after the war but is buried in Fairfax, Viginia.
George Ayre (1846-1929), presumably the one who carried the cover, also served as a private in Co A of Mosby's Partison Rangers. He may have carried the letter returning to his unit from a furlough. Pvt Ayre was captured as a POW 4/29/1864 near Upperville, Va. That would date this cover to most likely early 1864. Pvt Ayre was first confined at Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC and transferred to Fort Warren (Boston Harbor) 9/20/1864. He was released from Fort Warren 6/10/1865 when he took the Oath of Alegiance. After the war, he relocated to Nebraska where he farmed. He is buried in Gage County, Nebraska.
|Confederate States of America, Depository Office, Macon, Ga. Receipt for the purchase of a $300 Bond at 4% per annum by one B. Halloman Garrard dated March 22, 1864 and signed by the depository official W. B. Johnston. Bond Purchase Receipt #89213. Intact with a little edge wear. Many of these bond receipts were issued, but not that many are still seen today. At the end of the war, the bonds were worthless, and a great many of these bond receipts were simply thrown away as they had no meaning after the war.||$100.00|
below are 5 examples of Union Encased Postage (these items have been
sold but remain posted for study) -- The first I
ever been able to offer for sale. In 1862, coin hoarding had become a
problem in the North resulting in a severe shortage of coins. This was
exacerbated by the need for the metal for the war effort. One answer to
problem was to use postage stamps as small change. John Gault had
connections to the button industry and patented the encased postage
method in August 1862 whereby 8 stamps of the 1861 issue were placed in
a case about the size of a quarter with a mica covering, a metal frame,
and a brass back. The case was ingenious and designed to circulate as
small change. The back was suitable for advertising which was sold to
cover the cost of the cases. But not all pieces of encased postage have
advertising. The use of encased postage was very short-lived as later
in 1862 the US government issued paper postage currency and
fractional currency which alleviated the coin shortage and eliminated
the need for the encased postage. Examples of encased postage are
difficult to come by today and are much sought after by collectors. It
is common for circulated encased postage pieces to have scratches or
cracks in the mica covering. Encased posage is cataloged in a small
section of the Scott USA Specialized
Catalogue. The Confederates did use stamps as small change but never
||USA EP13 1c Blue (USA #63) encased with advertisng on the back "Ayer's Sarsaparilla to Purify the Blood." Also has the patent date August 12, 1862 (by) J. Gault. Black mark on the mica and a few thin scratches.||$300.00
||USA EP15 3c Rose (USA #65) encased with advertisng on the back "Ayer's Sarsaparilla to Purify the Blood." Also has the patent date AUG 12, 1862 J. Gault. Cracks in the mica.||$200.00
||USA EP3 3c Rose (USA #65) encased with advertisng on the back "Ayer's Cathartic Pills." On the rim "The Currency to Pass." Also has the patent date AUG 12, 1862 J. Gault Very Fine.||$450.00
||USA EP96 5c Buff (USA #67) encased with no advertising just the patent date AUG 12 1862 J. Gault. Thin scratches in the mica.||$500.00
||USA EP97 10c Green (USA #68) encased with no advertising just the patent date AUG 12 1862 J. Gault. Small inclusion in the mica.||$600.00
A general collection of 38 Confederate covers formed by long time Confederate Stamp Alliance member Henry W. (Hank) Bidwell between the years 2000 - 2010. There are no stampless covers in the collection, only covers with CSA General Issue stamps of excellent quality.
Part I of the Steven Roth Collection (35 premium covers) demonstrates postal use from the time of secession through 31 MAY 1861 the last day that the USPOD operated in the seceded states. The collection contains some trans-Atlantic covers and some waterway covers used to illustrate the postal uses. Part II of the Steven Roth collection (20 premium covers) demonstrates Confederate postal use on the rivers (Mississippi River, Alabama River System, James River, and others) and Trans-Atlantic Blockade Mail. This collection was exhibited by invitation in the Court of Honor at the International World Stamp Show in New York City 28 May-4 June 2016, and at EUROPHILEX London 2015. Presented as formed by the collector. The covers are all priced to sell individually.
BUSH ESTATE - Miscellaneous Items
A selection of miscellaneous items, some are Confederate and some are not, from the estate of my late partner Conrad L. Bush who passed away in February, 2017. The proceeds from the sale of these items will benefit the Bush family.
Books from the Bush Estate Library.
NORTHCUTT EXHIBIT - "Confederate Faces"
A selection of 20 covers for sale individually from the Frank P. Northcutt Collection / Exhibit titled "Confederate Faces" last shown at the WESTPEX (San Francisco) CSA Convention in 2011 where the exhibit received an APS Silver Medal and the Brian and Maria Green Award for the best CSA exhibit with military related items.
OLD TIME COLLECTION
Old Time Confederate General Issue Cover Collection
A collection of 28 General Issue covers formed in 1949 that has not seen on the collector's market in over 60 years. This is a very general collection of various stamps and usages. The covers are presented together as they were originally collected but are for sale and priced individually.
None of the covers from this collection are available for sale as they have all been sold but remain posted so that viewers can see how a collection was formed many years ago.
STRAIGHTLINE, FANCY, and UNUSUAL CANCELS on CONFEDERATE
GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS
General Conrad L. Bush's Award Winning Exhibit/Collection
The complete exhibit remains posted for review and study.
All items in the exhibit have been sold.
Independent State and USA Used in the CSA
Presented here is the Independent State and USA Used in the CSA postal history collection (41 covers) formed by Confederate Stamp Alliance Past President Ron Teffs of California. The collection was formed over a number of years with an eye specifically for quality and rarity. The covers in this collection are all major items of Confederate Postal History. The collection is presented with the covers listed chronologically beginning with the First Day of the Confederate Period (20 DEC 1860) and extending into June 1861. All the covers in this collection have been sold individually. However, the entire collection is presented intact for all to review and enjoy as it is not often that such material is seen together in one place.
Civil War Period
(Cartes-de-Visite) period photographs on small cards mostly of Union
Generals and other Union Offiicers. Some are identified and some are
not. Some have a photographer's back stamp and some do not. Some have
revenue stamps on the back and some do not. Union revenue stamps first
came into use for the payment of the tax on certain items (including
photographs) in late 1862 and early 1863. The CDV's without the revenue
stamps would date before then. If a revenue stamp is not mentioned in
the description, then one is not present on the back.
||CSA Brigadier-General John Hunt
early in the war wearing what looks to be a combination uniform in the
Union pattern with the eagle shoulder straps of a Union Colonel and the
three collar stars of a CSA Colonel. The back is blank.
||James A. Garfiield
(1831-1881) 20th President of the United States assassinated in 1881
after only a few months in office. He was also a Union
Brigadier-General during the war. Undated photograph in civilian
||Union Major-General George B.
McClellan (1826-1885) in uniform with his wife Mary Ellen
(1836-1915). "Major-General and Mrs. McClellan" on the back.
||Union Major-General Lovell
(1818-1869) in uniform. A somewhat obscure Union general (former
senator from Kentucky) who did serve with distinction in the early
battles of the Western Theater but is primarily known for holding the
command in occupied Nashville from November 1863 to November 1865.
Photographer's back stamp "Charles Taber & Co., Manufacturers,
Bedford, Mass." Horizontally bisected pen-canceled 5c revenue
stamp slightly overpaying the 2c tax.
||Union Major-General George Stoneman (1822-1894) in uniform. General Stoneman was captured as a POW in Georgia in 1864 and held for threee months before being exchanged. He has the distinction of being the highest ranking Union officer captured and held as a POW by the CSA. Ater the war, he was elected Governor of California 1883-1887. Pen-canceled 5c Playing Cards revenue stamp on the back as well as a fancy back stamp for a New York City photographer.||$125.00|
||Union Major-General Ambrose Everitt Burnside (1824-1881) in the uniform of a Union Colonel with dress epaulettes. Known for Burnside's Bridge at the Battle of Sharpsburg and his disasterous defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Post-war Governor of Rhode Island.||$100.00|
||Union Major-General Quincey Adams Gillmore (1825-1888) in uniform. A noted artillerist and engineer, he conducted siege operations on the east coast and commanded the troops that assulted Fort Wagner in September 1863.||$100.00|
||Union Major-General Edward Ferrero (1831-1899) in uniform. Known mainly for his dishonourable conduct at the Battle of the Crater (Petersburg July 1864) where he was reported drinking with another general behind the lines while his unit was essentially destroyed in the battle. Prior to that he had served with distinction and reamined in the army until discharged in 1865. He was a well-known dance instructor and an operator of dancing halls in New York City pre-war and post-war. Pre-war he served as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the New York State Militia for six years. Fancy back stamp of a New York City photographer.||$100.00|
||Union Major-General Edmond Vose Sumner (1797-1863) in uniform. He was the oldest field commander in the war and served as a Corps Commander in the Eastern Theater. He died of natural causes in March 1863.||$100.00|
||Post assassination rembrance CDV of George Washington welcoming the assassinated President Abraham Lincoln into the heavenly realm of the gods. A popular theme of the day known as the "Apotheosis." Pen-canceled Proprietary revenue stamp on the back to pay the tax.||$75.00|
||Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) in uniform with his wife Julia Dent Grant (1826-1902).||$75.00|
||Union Major-General Fitz John Porter (1822-1901) in the uniform of a Brigadier-General. He was an able commander but was unfairly court martialed and dismissed from the army in early 1863 for his actions at the Second Battle of Manassas. He was fully exonerated some years after the war.||$100.00|
||Union Major-General Henry Halleck (1815-1872) in uniform. General-in-Chief of the Union armies 1862-1864. Eliah Dexter New York City photographer.||$100.00|
||Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell (1818-1898) in uniform with dress epaulettes. Commanded the Union Army of the Ohio early in the war and took a prominent role in the Battles of Shiloh and Perryville. But his actions came into question, and he was relieved of command in October 1862 and saw no further service. Elias Dexter New York City photographer.||$75.00|
||Union Major-General Israel Bush Richardson (1815-1862) in uniform. From an engraving. Gen Richardson was mortally wounded at the Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam) by a shell fragment and died a few months later. L. Prang & Co Boston.||$50.00|
||Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentice Banks (1816-1894) in uniform with dress epaulettes. From an engraving. Gen Banks, former Speaker of the House of Representatives and former Governor of Massachusetts, was a political general appointed by Lincoln and was really not a very good general. He is known for defeats in the Shenendoah Valley in 1862, replacing Gen Butler in New Orleans, and leading the disasterous Red River Campaign in 1864. After the war, he reentered Massachusetts politics. L. Prang & Co Boston.||$50.00|
||Confederate Major-General Earl Van Dorn (1820-1863) in civilian clothes. From an engraving. Initially commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department but performed poorly at the Battle of Pea Ridge and the 2nd Battle of Corinth. But had successess as a cavalry commander. In May 1863, he was shot dead by a doctor who claimed Gen Van Dorn had an affair with his wife. Elias Dexter 564 Broadway (New York City).||$50.00|
||Full standing image of an unidentified Union soldier in uniform with no rank insignia. The soldier is wearing his Kepi which appears to have the insignia of the Cavalry. He is also holding a musket with a fixed bayonet. Handwritten name on the back "J. G. Harrold" which may be the soldier's name. Unable to confirm the identity. Stylized background. The musket is very possibly a prop supplied by the photographer. Back stamp of a "Photographic Artist" in Jacksonville, Fla.||$150.00|
||Full standing image of an unidentified Union soldier in uniform wearing a long frock coat with no rank insignia and holding his kepi. The kepi has the insignia of the Artillery with what looks to be a number "5." Back stamp of a Hartford, Conn photographer. With the back stamp, this would seem to indicate the 5th Conecticut Artillery regiment.||$75.00|
||Full standing image of an unidentified Union officer in uniform wearing a long frock coat and holding his kepi. The coat has the shoulder straps of a First Lieutenant.||$100.00|
||Standing image of a male in civilian attire wearing a long frock coat. Identified on the back as Dr. E. R. Moody (1836-1917), Eminence Ky. Back stamp of a Nashville photographer and a pen-canceled 3c Inter. Revenue Proprietary stamp to pay the tax. Could find no record of Dr. Moody serving as a surgeon in either army.||$50.00|
||Bearded unidentified Union officer in uniform wearing the shoulder straps of a First Lieutenant. Back stamp of a Knoxville, Ten photographer. Inter.Revenue 5c stamp to pay the tax. Manuscript canceled and dated in 1866.||$100.00|
||Unidentified Union Soldier wearing a uniform coat with a single row of buttons and no rank insignia. Fancy back stamp of a Louisville, Kentucky, photographer. Uncancelled 2c Revenue Proprietary stamp on the back to pay the tax.||$50.00|
||The New Dietz
Confederate States Catalog and Handbook -
Skinner, Gunter, Sanders. This is the 1986 Edition in the standard
padded cover. Minimal use. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the
||The Steven C. Walske Collection of Special Mail Routes of the American Civil War. The is the hardcover Siegel Auction Catalog of Sale 988 May 27, 2010 and is an excellent reference. Like new condition. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the USA.||$30.00|
||Dietz Confederate States Catalog and Hand-Book. This is the 1959 Edition in the gray binding. Barely used and in like new condtion. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the USA.||$35.00|
||The New Dietz Confederate States Catalog and Handbook - Skinner, Gunter, Sanders. This is the 1986 Edition in the standard padded cover. Excellent condition. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the USA.||$45.00|
||Surveys of the Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals by Francis J. Crown, Jr. (1982). Still an excellent reference. Like new condition. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the USA.||$50.00
||A Lifetime of Collecting Confederate States of America Postal History by James L. D. Monroe (2009). Like new condition. Add $5.00 for Media Mail postage within the USA.||$40.00|