Bush Exhibit

CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels

Back to Postal History Part 7

Gen Conrad L. Bush CSA, well known in the world of Confederate Philately as a collector, author, and exhibitor, has formed an award winning exhibit on "Confederate Fancy and Unusual Cancels on General Issue Stamps." His book on the subject was published in 1997. Many of the covers and stamps presented in this section were used as illustrations in his book. Much of his research in this area was also incorporated into the "Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately" which he co-authored. Gen Bush is now in the process of revamping and refocusing his collection / exhibit and has released some of the covers and stamps from his private collection for sale back into the marketplace. The postal history covers and off-cover stamps presented here come directly from Gen Bush's exhibit but were released for sale as they are now extraneous to the newly reformatted exhibit. An additional five covers added to the listing on 23 OCT 2006. -- 13 APR 2011 -- All the covers listed have been sold, but the listing remains posted for study and research -- Off-Cover Stamps Remaining: 2 (24)

CB1

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 1 (margin in a bottom left corner and a small stain at the lower right corner) tied by a non-descript obliterator which appears to be a grid. At the left is the Little Rock, Ark small double circle CDS 27 MAY 1862. Addressed to State Land Agent, Jacksonport, Ark. Cover has some minor edge faults and a repaired left upper corner to an exhibit quality appearance. The cover is somewhat oversized at 7 1/2 x 3 1/2 inches but will still fit horizontally on an album page. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the grid canceling the stamp which is quite an unusual usage for Little Rock, Ark.
SOLD
CB2

CSA #7 (2) (Two 4-Margin singles arranged to appear as a pair) tied by a beautiful full strike of the Welaka, Fla large double ring dateless CDS with manuscript “Feb 22 (1863).” Full Military Address to Capt Winston Stephens Co B 2nd Fla Cav, Camp Finigan, Fla. Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) was commissioned 1st Lt 10/19/1861 and promoted Captain 4/19/1862. He was killed at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864. Cover shows some light water staining at left but with beautiful stamps and a superb strike of a scarce Florida CDS. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the very unusual, very distinctive, and very scarce Welaka, Fla large double ring CDS canceling the stamps. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 70 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB3

CSA #3 (4-Margin but stamp was used to seal a folded circular and was torn in half on opening but has been put back together so that the tear is barely noticeable if at all) tied by an excellent strike of the Savannah, Ga “Stars” CDS 15 JUL 1862. Pays the 2c rate on a folded circular (Railroad Freight Bill of Lading) addressed to G. B. Lamar, Atlantic & G RR (Atlantic and Gulf Railroad). Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Savannah “Stars” fancy cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 65 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB4

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Guyton, Ga Date on the Rim CDS 7 AUG 1864. Addressed to Mrs. John W. Heidt, Robertville SC. Cover was sent by Sergt John W. Heidt Co C Ga Chatham Light Artillery to his wife. Part of backflap missing but otherwise a Very Fine cover. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the date on the rim fancy cancel as Guyton, Ga is the only town in the Confederacy to have such a postmark. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 66 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB5

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin but close left and right) tied by a partial strike of the Palmetto, Ga Rimless CDS 11 MAY (1863). Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Mr. S. D. Kirk, Charleston SC. Minor reduction at right not affecting anything, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show a rimless postmark that is not commonly seen. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 61 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB6

CSA #11a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Washington, Ga Rimless CDS with a JUN date. Clean cover addressed to J. B. Fulton Esqr, Agt C. S. (Commissary of Subsistance) CSA, Greensboro, Georgia. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a not commonly seen rimless postmark. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 61 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB7

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (margin close at bottom right) tied by a full strike of the Savannah, Ga PAID (straight line upper case PAID) CDS 8 JUN (1862). Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Mrs. Wm Bush, Chenuba, Ga Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a postmark cancel with “PAID” inside the rim.
SOLD
CB8

Turned Cover -- 1st Use: CSA #1 Stone 1 (margins just in top and bottom) tied by the Augusta, Ga small double circle CDS (date not apparent) to Mars Bluff SC. 2nd Use: CSA #4 Stone 2 (margins close right and bottom) tied by the Mars Bluff SC Balloon CDS 17 APR (1862) addressed to Mr. Stark Simms of Grindal’s Shoals Pacolet River SC. This is a cover FRONT ONLY which has been rebacked for display purposes. Both stamps display very well with the upper left corner folded down. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show examples of a small postmark used together on the same cover with a large balloon postmark.
SOLD
CB9

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with a full Target Cancel and the Natchitoches, La small double circle CDS to the left 16 MAY 1863. Very clean coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Miss V. C. Hairn, San Antonio, Texas. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a target cancel used with a town postmark.
SOLD
CB10

CSA #12 (AD) (margin close at right and a pre-affixing vert crease) tied by a bold strike of a Large 4-Bar Grid and the Canton, Miss CDS at the left 12 AUG. Clean coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs C. R. Bryce, Columbia, South Carolina. Canton, Miss used several different very distinctive grid cancels. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a Canton. Miss Grid Cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 48 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 266 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB11

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a Large Upper Sheet Margin and a diagonal pre-affixing crease at the upper left) tied by a large 7-Bar Grid with the Canton, Miss CDS to the left 25 JAN. Blue paper Adversity Cover made from a used printed business receipt form addressed to Hopkins Turnout Richland SC. Adversity usage displays well with left flap folded over. Canton, Miss used several different very distinctive grid cancels. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a Canton. Miss Grid Cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 49 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and the stamp was cropped from the cover and used as an illustration on Page 265 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB12

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with a Ring Cancel (empty 19mm circular handstamp) with the Patterson NC CDS to the left 9 MAY, Addressed to Master Samuel L. Patterson, Oaks Orange County NC. This is possibly only the rim in which the known Patterson fancy “PAID 10” center is missing. Believed to be the only recorded cover with this Patterson NC cancel variation. Very Fine Cover Signed by Brian Green. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show this cancel variation. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 43 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB13

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 35 (margins close left and bottom with just a little gum toning at the top) canceled with a small Grid and the matching Trinity College NC CDS is to the left 12 JUN. In addition to showing the small grid, the cover also contains a somewhat uncommon college postmark. Trinity College would in later years become Duke University. Coarse brown paper homemade cover addressed to Mrs. C. A. Mangum, Flat River PO Orange Cty, N. Carolina. Cover with some minor edge faults and wrinkling but still very presentable for an exhibit. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the small grid cancelation.
SOLD
CB14

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin) tied by the BLUE Chester CH SC CDS (date not fully apparent). Small but complete green paper ladies stationery cover addressed to Miss Jane T. McComb, Lincoln County Castania Grove NC. Light vertical file fold with a sealed edge tear not affecting anything but otherwise a Very Fine appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the small blue double circle postmark cancelation.
SOLD
CB15

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 19 OCT (1863). Very clean small but complete cover addressed to Miss Ellen M. Wilson, Decatur, Georgia. Cover is dated after the Fall of Chattanooga to the Union during the time when the Chattanooga postmaster was travelling with the Army of Tennesee and using the Chattanooga CDS to service the army mail. Known as the Chattanooga “Rover,” this actually represents an Army of Tennessee field cancel. Ex-Grant, Ex-Meroni. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the army field cancel usage. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 30 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB16

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 20 DEC (1863). Addressed to Mrs. E. M. Davis, Pratville, Ala. Cover was sent by Private Eli M. Davis of Co F 45th Ala Inf (an Army of Tennessee unit) to his wife. Cover is dated after the Fall of Chattanooga to the Union during the time when the Chattanooga postmaster was travelling with the Army of Tennesee and using the Chattanooga CDS to service the army mail. Known as the Chattanooga “Rover,” this actually represents an Army of Tennessee field cancel. Very Fine Cover. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the army field cancel usage. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 30 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 166 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB17

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin and affixed sideways) canceled and tied by a handstamp “10.” Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. S. Smither, Huntsville, Texas. The strike of the cancel is just a little weak but it is a very distinctive “10” handstamp which matches Dietz Type B of the Huntsville, Texas markings. Cover therefore represents a significantly Overpaid Drop Letter where the Huntsville postmaster simply used whatever handstamp device came immediately to hand to cancel the stamps. Very Fine Cover. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the handstamp “10” canceling the stamps.
SOLD
CB18

CSA #6 Horz Pair (margin just barely clipped at the lower left corner and a little toning at the left upper corner) canceled by two strikes of a small handstamp (appears to be typeset) “PAID 10.” In the center of the cover is a full strike of the small single rim Weatherford, Tex CDS. This is one of only two covers currently recorded from Weatherford, Tex showing this unusual “PAID 10” cancelation. Folded letter complete written on a lined Ledger Page and datelined “Parker Co., Texas July 8th 1864.” Military Address to James C. Cox, Co A Griffins Batt, Sabine Pass, Texas. The unit was the 21st Tex Inf Battalion guarding the Texas Gulf Coast and commanded by Major (later Lt Col) William H. Griffin. The letter itself is of historical importance as it describes Indians said to be dressed in Yankee uniforms raiding a salt works and killing a woman, a boy, and taking hostages. A full transcript of the letter is included. Very Fine Cover. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the handstamp “Paid 10” canceling the stamps. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 80 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 285 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately
SOLD
CB19

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) canceled by two strikes of a framed Grid with the matching Nacogdoches, Tex CDS to the left 20 MAR. Addressed to Mr. Sam F. Mosely, Jefferson, Texas. This is a FRONT ONLY which is part of a folded letter. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Texas grid cancelation. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 51 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB20

CSA #1 Stone 1 (4-Margin) tied by a BLUE Target cancel with the matching BLUE Charlottesville, Va small double circle CDS to the left 9 JAN 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Alexr Donnan Atty at Law, Petersburg (Va). Minor reduction at the left not affecting anything otherwise an Extremely Fine cover. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the blue target cancelation. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 54 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 269 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB21

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin affixed sideways with a small upper sheet margin and a small horz pre-affixing edge crease at the left center) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS (date not apparent). Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Miss Adelaide Hutchinson, Greensboro, Alabama. Apparently the postmaster at the receiving post office did not think the stamp was adequately canceled by the Richmond postmark to prevent reuse, so the stamp also bears a pen cancel and is tied by a grid cancel applied as a receiving mark at Greensboro. Cover with a very Fine appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the use of a grid as a receiving cancelation.
SOLD
CB22

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 23 (4-Margin but with a light diagonal pre-affixing crease) tied by an unusual fancy Grid cancel (also pen-canceled) with the matching Monterey, Va CDS at the left 21 JAN (1862). Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Mr. Abe Holland, Hales Ford Hamilton County, Va. Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the fancy Monterey, Va grid cancel.
SOLD
CB23

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin) tied by a fancy BLUE circular segmented Grid with the matching BLUE Pattonsburgh, Va CDS 19 JUN (1862). Military Address to Genl Joseph R. Anderson, C. S. Army, Richmond, Va. Joseph Reid Anderson (1813-1892), a graduate of West point, was appointed Brig-Gen in Sept 1861 and later promoted Maj-Gen. He distinguished himself in field command in Virginia but was wounded at Frayser’s Farm, Va 6/30/1862 and resigned the service 7/19/1862 after which he gave all his attention to managing the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond. A short biography of the General accompanies the cover. Cover with a little overall light foxing but otherwise Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the segmented Pattonsburgh Grid of which there are according to Gen Bush’s research only six recorded examples on cover. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 50 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB24

CSA #11 (AD) (margin close at left and minor faults) tied by a handstamp PAID cancel with manuscript “Waverlie, Va February 5” at the upper left. Obscure usage from Rockingham County. Postmaster used a handstamp device to cancel the stamp as apparently had one available, but Waverlie was too small to have its own steel rimmed postmark. Orange paper cover addressed to J. Y. Menefee Esqr, Washington Rappahannock Co., Virginia. Left edge repaired to exhibit quality. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show a handstamp PAID device used to cancel the stamp with a manuscript town postal marking. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 77 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 285 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB25

CSA #4 Stone 2 (margin in at the right and minor faults) tied by a PAID (?) in a Circle handstamp. There is a number in the circle, but it is difficult to distinguish exactly what that number is. No town postmark. Coarse paper cover addressed to Miss Queen Clark Care of C. C. Clark, Lynchburg, Va. With no town postmark, this cover very likely represents a Lynchburg, Va Overpaid Drop Letter. Lynchburg was not known to have used this particular handstamp device during the war years but did use a PAID 3 in a circle handstamp pre war. This appears to be a Lynchburg pre war device which was at hand and was used by the postmaster to cancel the stamp on a drop letter. Part of backflap missing, and a repaired upper corner but still of exhibitable quality and believed by Gen Bush to be the only recorded example of this marking used as a cancelation. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 79 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book at which time he described it as a PAID 2 mark. But no such PAID 2 mark is known from Lynchburg, so now believed to be most likely the pre war PAID 3 handstamp with the numeral obscured.
SOLD
CB26

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Forest Depot, Va Rimless and Dateless CDS. Orange paper cover addressed to Hale M. Forbes Care of David S. Forbes, Mining and Nitre Bureau, Richmond, Va. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the rimless and dateless postmark cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 62 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB27

CSA #7 (2 Singles) (irregular margins and minor faults) tied by a full strike of the Forest Depot, Va Rimless and Dateless CDS. Exqusite Wallpaper Adversity cover with a Blue, Gray, and White geometric pattern addressed to Mrs. Murray Forbes Care of Dr. J. R. Taylor, Fredericksburg, Va. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the rimless and dateless postmark cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 280 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB28

CSA #2 Paterson (very nice 4-Margin stamp) tied by a framed Grid cancel with no postmark. Endorsement at upper left “Capt Burke Berlin, Va.” Coarse paper cover addressed to Mr. William H. Burke, Sharon PO Taliaferro County, Geo. The Berlin, Va manuscript is part of an endorsement and not a postal marking as there is no date. Berlin, Va is listed as a CSA post office in Southampton County. It is such an obscure place that it is not known if a grid was used at Berlin or not. It is possible that since “Berlin, Va” was already included on the cover by the sender that the postmaster simply canceled the stamp with a handy grid and did not add a date. The use of this stamp would speak against an army field cancel grid as the cover would be too early for that. The grid could also have been applied on receipt if the cover went through without the stamp being properly canceled. The only Capt Burke from Georgia listed with service in Virginia was Archibald T. Burke Co F 7th Ga Inf. He may or may not have been the sender. He was wounded in the leg at First Manassas 7/21/1861 and resigned due to his wound 12/21/1861. He could still have been in Virginia recovering in the summer of 1862 as there is no further record. Therefore, the cover presents somewhat of an enigma as to the origin and application of this grid, but the best guess is that it is from Berlin, Va. Cover with just a little light foxing but still very clean and an absolutely beautiful stamp. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the grid without a postmark.
SOLD
CB29

CSA #4b Stone 2 Light Milky Blue (4-Margin but with pre affixing faults) tied by the Hanover CH, Va Large Balloon CDS with a MAY (1862) date. Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to Mr. Burwell Rushing, White Hill Union County NC. Cover originally included in the exhibit to demonstrate the large balloon postmark canceling the stamp. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 71 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB30

CSA #6 (two singles) (4-Margin) tied together and to the cover by a full strike of the small single rim Dublin. Va CDS in DARK BLUE 6 JUL 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to G. A. Myers Esqr, Richmond, Virginia. Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the small single rim postmark in blue canceling the stamps.
SOLD
CB31

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 46 (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Fredericksburg, Va PAID CDS 22 DEC (1861). Military Address to Mr. L. M. Blackford 1st Brigade Army of the Potomac Corps No. 2, Winchester, Va. Lancelot Minor Blackford (1837-1914) enlisted in the Va Rockbridge Light Artillery 9/2/1861. He was commissioned 3/20/1863 and served as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps and later transferring to 24th Va Inf as the regimental adjutant 12/5/1864. Docketting indicates cover was sent by John Minor, and period pencil notation reads “the last letter ever recd from my dear uncle.” Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Fredericksburg mixed font postmark (“urg” is in very small letters compared to the rest of the town name) and also a PAID within the CDS. This is a scarce Fredericksburg, Va postmark as Gen Bush’s research indicates less than a dozen covers recorded with this particular postmark canceling a stamp. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 67 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 289 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB32

CSA #12 (AD) 4-Margin but close at left) tied by a framed Grid cancel with the Front Royal, Va CDS to the left 22 JUN (date in manuscript). Addressed to Mrs. J. O. A. Cook, Culloden Monroe Co., Geo. Signed by Brain Green Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Front Royal Grid as this is a scarce mark with only very few covers recorded. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 53 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB33

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin) tied by the Goodson (Va ) Straight Line with the OCT month (1863) (Early State). One of only four covers recorded by Gen Bush of the Goodson Straight Line with the OCT month early state designation. Light coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Miss Emma N. Day, Beaver Dam Depot Louisa County, Va. Cover forwarded to Negrofoot, Va with the addition of “Beaver Dam” and “Forwarded Due 10” in manuscript near the top of the cover to assess the forwarding fee. A second “Due 10” manuscript is in the center of the cover for an unknown reason. Signed by Brian Green and Very Fine with an excellent strike of the postal cancel. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Goodson OCT Straight Line. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 2 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and again as an illustration on Page 271 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB34

CSA #7 Horz Pair White Tie on London Paper (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5g 26 MAR (1865). Very late usage just days before the end of the war. Year of use must be 1865 because of the type Richmond postmark. Orange paper cover addressed to John Thompson Esqr, Amherst C. House via Lynchburg, Virginia. One of only two currently recorded covers with the White Tie on London Paper. Signed by Brian Green Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of a standard CSA period Circle Date Stamp.
SOLD
CB35

CSA #12 (AD) (margins close left and bottom) tied by the manuscript postal markings “Saltville (Va) June 15 (1863).” Coarse paper homemade adversity cover addressed to C. Y. Thomas Esq, Agt Henry Co., Martinsville, Va. The addressee, C. Y. Thomas, was a prominent Virginia politician and a staunch Unionist but served Virginia as the Commonwealth Attorney during the war years and also as an agent distributing food and supplies in Henry County to needy familes of Confederate soldiers. After the war, Grant offered him the Military Governorship of Virginia, but he refused. Minor backflap opening tear but otherwise Very Fine. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show an example of the manuscript postal markings canceling the stamp.
SOLD
CB36

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (margins just a little irregular) tied by the Prince Edward CH, Va Balloon CDS 4 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mr. Thomas Flourney, Lawrenceville Brunswick, Va. This is a blue paper FRONT ONLY which is part of a folded letter. Still an excellent example of an uncommon balloon postmark. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the balloon postmark. This cover front was used as an illustration on Page 71 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB37

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5h 28 SEP (1864). Also canceling the stamp is the very scarce Richmond, Va Large Grid. This Richmond Large Grid (10 Bars) is very distinctive and is a pre war mark that was only very rarely used. Currently there are only five covers recorded showing CSA usage of this large grid, and this is one of only two where the grid actually cancels a stamp. The other three show the large grid obliterating a handstamp rate applied in error. Cover addressed to John H. Newton, Athens, Georgia. Endorsed at upper left “E. D. Newton Surg PACS (Provisional Army of the Confederate States).” Dr. E. D. Newton was the Regimental Surgeon for Cobb’s Georgia Legion. Backflap opening tears otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Weil. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the scarce Richmond Large Grid used as a cancel. This cover was the subject of a Confederate Philatelist article in the Jul-Aug 1974 issue and can also be found as an illustration on Page 103 of Peter Powell’s book on the Richmond CSA postmarks.
SOLD
CB38

CSA #11 (AD) (margin just in at bottom right and stamp affixed sideways) cancelled with the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target. Endorsed at upper left “Frank Trimmer Co I 13th SCV.” Addressed to Miss M. L. Trimmer, Spartenburg SC. Very Fine Appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the army target field cancel.
SOLD
CB39

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 36 (margin just in at the top and the lower right corner and showing a somewhat dry printing) canceled with a handstamp “5” in a circle which is a Mobile, Ala mark Dietz Type B. No postmark on the cover. This is actually a folded letter complete addressed to Messers Boykin & McRae, Mobile, Ala. The letter (business letter concerning a note that is due) is datelined “Elm Bluff, Ala 26 MAR 1862.” Elm Bluff was in Dallas County well north of Mobile near Selma. Letter was evidently handcarried into Mobile and dropped at the Mobile post office where the postmaster treated it as an Overpaid Drop Letter and simply canceled the stamp with whatever handstamp device came to hand which in this case was the “Circle 5” normally used as a Due handstamp. Very Fine Appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the Handstamp “5” used to cancel the stamp. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 71 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB40

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin just in left stamp bottom) tied by two strikes of a small PAID handstamp. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Kenneth T. MacLean, Thomasville Thomas County, Georgia. There is no postmark, no date, no endorsement on the cover and no contents, so the origin and circumstances of this handstamp usage are unknown. Very Fine Appearance. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show handstamp PAID used to cancel the stamps.
SOLD
CB41

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margins close left and right and affixed sideways) tied by two strikes of a small PAID handstamp. Endorsement at upper left “J. S. Boynton Lt Col 30th Ga Regt” to Mrs. Fannie Boynton, Jackson Butts County, Georgia. The cover is undated and there is no postmark. Since there is a military endorsement from an Army of Tennessee unit, there is some speculation that this may be an army field cancel, but this has yet to be proven. Just a little light foxing but otherwise a Very Fine Appearance and most unusual. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show handstamp PAID used to cancel the stamps.
SOLD
CB42

CSA #4b Stone 2 Horz Pair Light Milky Blue (4-Margin but with minor corner faults upper right and lower left and affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap of a small cover) tied by a PAID handstamp and two strikes of a Circle “5” handstamp used as cancelers. No postmark or manuscript markings to indicate the origin of this cover and no date other than to say that it most likely comes from somewhere in Virginia. Military Address on the other side of the cover to Mr. Casper C. Henkel, 37th Regt Va Vol 3rd Brigade Jackson’s Division. The addressee was the regimental surgeon for the 37th Va Inf throughout the war. Cover slightly reduced to the left of the stamps into a part of the address due to a somewhat rough opening along that side. Still a very interesting and unusual use of the handstamps which were normally used on stampless covers. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show the stampless cover handstamp devices used to cancel the stamps. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 79 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB43

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin) tied by an excellent strike of the Goodson (Va) Straight Line postmark without a month (late state with OCT removed). Addressed to Mrs. J. Adam Pleasants, Box No 762, Richmond, Va. Sealed backflap opening tear extending just into the right upper corner on the face of the cover but not affecting anything. Cover has a Very Fine appearance and was included in the exhibit to show an excellent example of this straight line cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 3 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book.
SOLD
CB44

CSA #11a (AD) (4-Margin Milky Blue) tied by an excellent strike of the Jackson (Miss) Straight Line postmark. Addressed to Mrs Lou K. Bobo, Clinton Laurens Dist SC. The manuscript at the lower left corner is a routing instruction (“X Anchor”) for Cross Anchor Spatanburgh District SC. Very Fine cover with just a little light foxing and was included in the exhibit as an excellent example of this straight line cancel. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 5 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book and used again as an illustration on Page 273 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.
SOLD
CB45

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but a bit irregular) with the Jackson (Miss) Straight Line postmark (completely on the stamps and the early state with the ball still on the “J”). Faded address to somewhere in North Carolina. Cover is complete with only minor light foxing. This cover was in the exhibit to demonstrate the early state of the Jackson Straight Line prior to the ball breaking off the “J.”
SOLD
CB46

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins close top and left) tied by two strikes of a PAID handstamp in RED with the the matching RED Camden SC small double circle CDS in the upper right corner 18 AUG. Cover is a partial folded business letter on lined blue notebook paper addressed to Mr. L. B. Stephenson, Flat Rock SC. Clean cover and a most unusual usage with the red handstamp PAID canceling the stamps. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show this unusual cancellation.
SOLD
CB47

CSA #1 Stone 2 (irregular margins with a clipped right lower corner) tied by a PAID handstamp of unknown origin. Adversity cover made from a lined ledger page but part of the back is missing. Clean cover addressed to Mr. E. B. Murray, Georgian PO Franklin Co., Ga. Cover originally included in the exhibit to show this unusual cancellation.
SOLD

Off-Cover Stamps

The off cover stamps presented from the Bush Exhibit were chosen for the exhibit to display the scarce and unusual cancels and postmarks and not necessarily for the overall condition of the stamp. The stamp and condition were incidental to the cancel. Finding both magnificent condition and a scarce cancel at the same time is a true rarity. Many of these stamps can be found used as illustrations on Pages 82-83 of Gen Bush’s Fancy and Unusual Cancel book. A few can also be found as illustrations in various sections of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately.

CBCS1

CSA #1 Stone 1 USED (margin close at top and touches at bottom) pen-cancels and also canceled by a handstamp “Due.” Stamp was on a cover that was either underpaid or forwarded requiring that postage due be assessed, and the “Due” Handstamp was struck over the stamp. Stamp has faults (filled thins) but still is very presentable with an unusual handstamp cancel.
SOLD
CBCS2

CSA #1 Stone 1 Plated as Position 39 USED (4-Margin) tied to a small piece by an excellent full strike of the small Carolina City NC Paid 5 CDS 5 MAR (1862). This particular CDS was meant to be used on stampless covers and not to cancel stamps. Sealed tear at left center of the piece into the CDS but does not involve the stamp. Very Fine Appearance.
SOLD
CBCS3

CSA #1 Stone 2 USED (margin touches at the right and minor edge thins) canceled by an Arc Due 5 handstamp (traces of a town cancel can be seen on the stamp as well). Stamp was on a cover that was either underpaid or forwarded requiring that postage due be assessed, and the due mark was struck on the stamp perhaps because the town mark inadequately canceled the stamp.
$250.00
CBCS4

CSA #2 H&L USED (margins in a top and right but the stamp has been rebacked to add margins for display purposes) canceled with an unusual fancy Square Grid pattern.
SOLD
CBCS5

CSA #3 USED (4-Margin but with an expertly sealed barely detectable edge tear at upper right) canceled by a “PAID” handstamp. The “PAID” cancel is listed for this stamp in Scott, but is not priced. Very Fine Appearance.
SOLD
CBCS6

CSA #3 USED (margin just in at top right) with the Savannah, Ga “Stars” fancy cancel. Stamp has thins which do not detract from the overall appearance. Very nice example of this unusal Savannah postmark.
SOLD
CBCS7

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 40 USED (margin just touches on the right) with a light town CDS not otherwise identified. Also canceling the stamp as a handstamp “6cts.” This handstamp was a Union mark as there was no 6c rate in the Confederacy. Most likely this stamp was on an early through-the-lines cover on which Union 6cts postage due was assessed. Another explanantion might be that the CSA postmaster still had an old Union handstamp available and simply used it to cancel the stamp. Can think of no other explanantions as to how a Union handstamp can show up on a CSA stamp. Stamp with small thins and one tiny pinhole.
SOLD
CBCS8

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 34 USED (4-Margin but with multiple thins) canceled with a “STEAM” handstamp which is most compatible with the handstamp used at Baton Rouge, La. Stamp signed on the back by Stanley Ashbrook.
SOLD
CBCS9

CSA #4 Stone 3 Plated as Position 11 USED (margin close at bottom right) canceled with a “WAY” handstamp compatible with the mark used at Richmond, Va.
SOLD
CBCS10

CSA #4 Stone 2 USED (4-Margin) canceled with a neat enclosed Grid. Stamp has thins but still a Very Fine appearance.
SOLD
CBCS11

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 30 USED (4-Margin) canceled with a clear strike of an oval PAID 5 handstamp. Minor thins which do not detract from an overall Very Fine appearance.
SOLD
CBCS12

CSA #5 USED (4-Margin and a very nice standard rose color) canceled by a full strike of a 7-Bar Enclosed Grid. Stamp with minor tiny thins but still an Extremely Fine appearance.
$400.00
CBCS13

CSA #5a Carmine USED (margins just in left and top but absolutely magnificent color) canceled with a lightly struck unframed Blue Grid. The stamp has been rebacked to add margins for display purposes.
SOLD
CBCS14

CSA #7 London Paper USED (4-Margin) canceled with an unusual segmented Red Grid. Very Fine.
SOLD
CBCS15

CSA #7 Horz Pair USED (margin close at lower left and a little overall toning) canceled by two strikes of a PAID handstamp.
SOLD
CBCS16

CSA #8 USED (4-Margin but with a stain at the upper right corner) canceled by a full strike of a 7-Bar Enclosed Grid which is most compatible with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Cancel but could also be from a drop letter usage.
SOLD
CBCS17

CSA #7 Horz Pair USED (4-Margin but faults) canceled by an circular Due 6 handstamp. Stamps affixed to a piece with the portion of the cancel on the piece reconstructed for display purposes. This handstamp was a Union mark as there was no 6c rate in the Confederacy. Most likely this stamp was on a through-the-lines cover on which Union 6cts postage due was assessed. Another explanantion might be that the CSA postmaster still had an old Union handstamp available and simply used it to cancel the stamp. Or the cover could have been posted in Union occupied territory in which the CSA stamps were no longer recognized. Can think of no other explanantions as to how a Union handstamp can show up on a CSA stamp.
SOLD
CBCS18

CSA #11a (AD) Milky Blue USED (4-Margin but close at the lower left and a tiny edge tear at the lower left corner) canceled with a very large Grid which is most compatible with one of the grids used at Canton, Miss.
SOLD
CBCS19

CSA #11 (AD) USED (4-Margin with a large lower sheet margin and part of the Imprint Plate No 2) canceled with a full strike of a circular “10” handstamp. Very Fine.
SOLD
CBCS20

CSA #11 (AD) USED (4-Margin) canceled by the Goodson (Va) Straight Line postmark with Sept. The stamp has been affixed to a small piece and the portion of the cancel on the piece reconstructed for display purposes. Gen Bush has recorded only three items with the Goodson Straight Line Sept postmark (the two off-cover stamps offered here plus one full cover which Gen Bush has retained for his current exhibit). This mark was in use only during the last 11 days of September 1863.
SOLD
CBCS21

CSA #12 (AD) USED (margin clipped a little at the upper right corner but the corner has been rebacked to add the small corner margin for display purposes) canceled by the Goodson (Va) Straight Line postmark with Sept. The stamp has been affixed to a small piece, and the portion of the cancel on the piece reconstructed for display purposes. Gen Bush has recorded only three items with the Goodson Straight Line Sept postmark (the two off-cover stamps offered here plus one full cover which Gen Bush has retained for his current exhibit). This mark was in use only during the last 11 days of September 1863.
SOLD
CBCS22

CSA #2 H&L and CSA #7 Horz Pair USED (very nice stamps still mounted on part of the original exhibit page) and both showing the Buck Eye, Geo (a listed CSA post office in Laurens County) double ring postmark in Dark Red. This is a newly discovered double ring postmark and a previously unlisted postmark in red. Gen Bush has recorded only three examples of this postmark to date. The third example is on a full cover. These are listed as a pair and will only be sold as a pair at this time.
SOLD
CBCS23

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue USED (margin touches at left and stamp is very obviously privately rouletted on all four sides) canceled with a Target. Sealed edge tear at right center. Cannot identify the origin of the roulettes.
SOLD
CBCS24

CSA #12d (AD) Very Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied to a large piece by Grid cancels. The grids are just a bit smeared but are most likely army field cancels. The piece has part of the address, and from this it can be seen that the cover was forwarded from Lynchburg, Va to somewhere else. A handstamp FREE was added to the cover most likely to show that no forwarding fee was assessed as the cover was addressed to a soldier (Hospital Steward). The handstamp FREE just catches the corner of the stamp and ties it to the piece so was most likely applied in Lynchburg, Va.
SOLD

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