CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 7

MISCELLANEOUS

New Covers Added 2 NOV 2021

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
Army Field Cancels Patriotics Railroads
Prisoner of War Blockade Miscellaneous
Old Time Collection Bush Exhibit Teffs Collection
Northcutt Exhibit Roth Collection Bush Estate
Bidwell Collection



ARMY FIELD CANCELS

AF173

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to Mrs.E. H. Harding Care of Mrs. C. R. Richmond, Milton NC. The cover was sent by Ephraim H. Harding who was the Chaplain of the 45th NC Inf to his wife. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF197

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and a minor corner fault at the upper right) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mr. Jas. A. Debnam, Louisburg (Franklin County), N. Carolina. James A. Debnam had a son in the Army of Northern Virginia, Thomas R. Debnam in Co G 47th NC Inf. Private Debnam is listed as having Died of Disease but a date is not given. Also in the same company was Private William R. Debnam. Thomas and William were not brothers but were most likely cousins as the company was raised in Franklin County NC and they enlisted at the same time about one month apart. Private William R. Debnam was transferred into Co D 8th NC Inf on 1/3/1863. The 8th NC Inf was part of the ANV in late 1864. Not sure which one of these two soldiers sent the cover as could not find a date of death for the son. Part of backflap missing, but still a very clean cover. $100.00
AF203

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by a partial strike of an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie Beard, Harrisonburg Rockingham County, Va. Cover most likely sent by Henry Clay Krebs (1839-1911) of Co H 13th Va Inf as Lizzie Beard and Pvt Krebs were married in 1865. Clean appearing cover but with a sealed tear at the left. APS Certificate 2008. $60.00
AF208

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Army Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Light borwn coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed in pencil to Mrs. C. G. Davenport, Cary Post Office, Wake County NC. The cover is from Sergt C. G. Davenport of Co F 11th NC Inf, an ANV unit of Pettigrew’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps. Minor reductions left and right, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00
AF209

CSA #12 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Addressed to Mrs. Amelia D. Strobel Care of Mrs. Oscar Johnson, Newbury, So. Ca. Turned Cover with the inside use showing a partial Charleston SC CDS (missing stamp inside) addressed to Wm E. Haskill Esqr, Cashier P & M (Planters & Merchants) Bank, Columbia SC.Very Fine. $125.00
AF212

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army Field Framed Grid Cancel.  Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Kate M. Thornton, Forkland, Greene County, Alabama.  The addressee had a brother, Private B. B. Thornton, in the 3rd Ala Cav who is most likely the one who sent this cover home to his sister.  That unit was an Army of Tennessee unit.  The grid is consistent with a 7-Bar Framed Grid Army of Tennessee Field Cancel.  Reduced at left not affecting anything.  Edge wear at both lower corners.  Very clean cover. $90.00
AF215

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close on the left) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Adversity Cover made from recycled newsprint. Addressed to Mrs. Jno C Whitwell Care Capt J. C. Whitwell, VMI, Lexington, Va. Captain John Coyle Whitwell was in charge of the Commissary Department at VMI 1862-1864 and was with the Corps of Cadets at New Market. The sender of the cover is not identified. Turned handcarried use on the inside of the cover to Richmond, Va dated 20 JAN 1864. Backflap opening tears but a clean cover with a VMI connection.  $150.00
AF218

Turned Cover - Outside 2nd Use CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. From the Blackford Correspondence with Military Address to Lancelot M. Blackford Esq, Military Court, Care of General Longdtreet, A. N. Virginia, Winchester. Period docketing at the left "Mr. Wm M. Blackford Rec'd July 15, 1863." Lancelot Minor Blackford (1837-1914), an 1859 graduate of the University of Virginia, enlisted in the Rockbridge Artillery 9/2/1861. He was later commissioned and served for a time as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps. Later in 1864, he was transferred to the 24th Va Inf where he served as the adjutant. William Matthews Blackford, the sender, was the addressee’s father. No explanation as to why the father would use an army postmark, but may have given the cover to one of his other sons in the army to post for him. The Backford family papers 1742-1953 are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The Inside First Use is from Montgomery, Ala with a pair of CSA #6 stamps partially removed and addressed to W. M. Blackford Esq Cashr (Cashier), Lynchburg, Va. Advertising Cover with a large circular cameo design on the backflap in red with white letters for the Central Bank of Alabama in Montgomery, Ala. Clean cover with minor backflap tears. Ex-Bush General Issue Stamps Exhibit. $950.00
AF221

Army of Northern Virginia Field (Due) 10 Handstamp (ANV-19 in the new CSA catalog) used during the Siege of Petersburg. Small but complete blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Eli D. Richardson, McCulloch PO (unlisted post office), Union County NC.  Endorsed at lower left "From E. R. Richardson. Co B, 26th Regt NCT." E. R. Richardson enlisted as a Private 3/9/1864 in Co B 26th NC Inf. He is listed as wounded at The Wilderness (Va) 5/5/1864 and Killed-in-Action at Globe Tavern (Va) 8/21/1864. Very clean cover. $150.00
AF225

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (slight nick in the margin at right center with a pre-affixing edge tear) barely tied by a partial strike of the ANV Army Field Target Cancel ANV-13 used 1863-1865. Military Address to Priv Robert Love, Co I 14th Reg Va Cavalry, Jenkin's Brig, A.N. W.Va. Cover dates from late 1863 when the 14th Va Cav was part of Jenkin's Brigade. The cover must have been sent by a soldier in the ANV, possibly a relative or a friend. It is unusual to see a cover with an army field cancel from one soldier in the field to another soldier in the field. Very clean appearing cover with just a very light stain at the bottom right corner and a missing top back flap.

Robert V. Love (age 18) enlisted as a private 4/19/1861. He is listed as absent (sick) 9/1/1862 returning to his unit 4/30/1863. Somewhere along the line his horse was captured and he paid $250 to get another horse. Confederate cavalrymen had to supply their own horses. In December 1864, he was detailed to the Quartermaster Department in Staunton, Va where he remained into 1865. He is known to have been alive in California in 1916.

The A.N.W.Va designation (presumably "Army of North West(ern) Virginia") in the address is confusing. There was no such official army designation. Jenkins Brigade, at the time of this cover (late 1863), was assigned to the Department of Western Virginia (later the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee). So perhaps that designation was used only locally or simply by the soldiers themselves.
$125.00
AF226

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. This is a later strike when the device became somewhat clogged with ink, but the strike is still decent and easily recognizable. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. M. Murphy, Waltonsford, Pickens Dist SC. Cover would have been sent by a South Carolina Army of Tennessee soldier home to his wife or mother. Information on South Carolina Confederate soldiers is notoriously sketchy. Very clean cover.  $300.00
AF227

CSA #12 (AD) (margin a little irregular at top and staining at the upper right) tied by two strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Elizabeth W. Chunn, Cassvill(e), Georgia. The cover was sent by Commissary Sergeant William A. Chunn (1840-1921) of Co I 40th Ga Inf, an Army of Tennessee unit, home to his wife. Very clean cover. $300.00
AF228

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel (ANV-08). Addressed to Miss Amy L. Drake, Anderson C.H., So. Carolina. Most likely from a South Carolina soldier writing home to his girl friend. Very clean cover. $100.00
AF232

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the ANV field (Due) 10 mark in BLACK used at the Siege of Petersburg (Virginia) Type ANV-20 in early 1865 without a postmark. Addressed to Miss Mary Fogleman, Rock Creek, Alamance County NC. Endorsed "Private H. C. Fogleman Co F 53 Regt NCST (North Carolina State Troops)." Cover with just a very little light foxing and staining.

Henry C. Fogleman, a 19 year old farmer from Alamance County, enlisted as a private in Co F 53rd NC Inf 3/5/1862 and was surrendered at Appomattox with his unit 4/9/1865. The cover is addressed to Pvt Fogleman's sister.
$200.00
AF233

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the ANV field Due (ms) 10 mark Type ANV-19 used in 1864 without a postmark. Addressed to S. P. Wingard Esq, Lexington CH, South Carolina. Endorsed at upper left "J. S. Wingard, Co F Pal(metto) SS (Sharpshooters)." Very Fine.

J. S. Wingard enlisted as a private in Co F SC Palmetto SharpShooters 5/1/1862 and was surrendered at Appomattox with his unit 4/9/1865. Cover most likely addressed to Pvt Wingard's father.
$125.00
AF234

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the ANV field (Due) 10 mark Type ANV-19 used in 1864 without a postmark. Addressed to Mr. Michael Walters. There is no endorsement which was not in accord with regulations, but the cover went through anyway. Addressed to Mr. Michael Walters, Wytheville, Va. The cover was sent by Pvt John P. Walters of Co I 29th Va Inf to his father. Dark coarse paper cover with small reduction at the right where opened.

John P. Walters (1837-1905) enlisted as a private in Co I 29th Va Inf  4/27/1862. He was promoted 1st Sgt June 1862 but was reduced to the ranks two months later (reason not given). He was still on the rolls in October 1864 and survived the war.
$75.00
AF236

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a l;arge left sheet margin) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia unfamed 10-Bar Field Grid Cancel Type ANV-11 used 1864-1865 without a postmark. Addressed to Miss Harriet McIntosh, Martindale PO, Mecklenburg Co. NC. Most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp. $125.00
AF237
9/10/2021
Stampless Soldiers Due cover with an arc Due 10 handstamp used without a postmark. Addressed to Miss M. L. Hall Care Maj Bolling Hall, Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at left "B. Hall Jr Lt Col 2nd Bat Hilliards Legion." Ex-Brian Green with his note on the reverse. In his note, he states that this is an Army of Tennessee handstamp. Hilliards Alabama Legion was indeed an Army of Tennessee unit, but the handstamp is not consistent with the listed Army of Tennessee handstamp marking, and the date of the cover is wrong. Most likely the handstamp is from an East Tennessee town in early 1863 used without the postmark. This cover must date from early 1863 because of the biographical information below.

Turned Cover with the inside use hand carried outside the postal system most likely by military courier. Marked "Official" in manuscript and addressed to Lt Col  Hall Comdg 2nd Bat Hilliards Legion.

Bolling Hall Jr (1837-1866) was at the time of this cover per the endorsement the Lt Col of the 2nd Infantry of Hilliards Alabama Legion assigned to the Department of East Tennessee. In November 1863, he was promoted Colonel of the 59th Ala Inf. The cover held a letter he wrote home to his sister Mary Louisa Hall (1843-1863) who died in May 1863. The cover was sent in care of his father Major Bolling Hall.(1813-1897). Major Bolling Hall (rank was from the 1836 Creek Indian War) was an Alabama businessman and plantation owner. Five of his sons fought for the Confederacy. Col Bolling Hall Jr is listed as wounded at Chickamauga in September 1863 and lost a leg at Drewery's Bluff (Va) 5/16/1864. He died of his wounds on 5/18/1866. Since the addressee died in May 1863, the cover must date before then which was a time when no such army field handstamp existed. So the logical assumption is that this is town handstamp from somewhere in East Tennessee, the location of Lt Col Hall's unit, used for the soldiers due rate without a postmark.
$150.00



PATRIOTICS

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Two very newly discovered CSA Patriotic Covers which at the present time represent the only two known CSA Patriotic covers used to a foreign destination during the Confederate period. Both covers are from the same correspondence with usage about one week apart. These two covers are the subject of an article ("Transatlantic CSA Patriotic Covers") which appeared in the June - September 2006 issue of the Confederate Philatelist journal. The first cover (PAT 138) was found in 2003, and the second (PAT 138A) was only discovered in January 2006 and is therefore offered here for sale for the very first time anywhere. (These two covers were previously sold but remain posted here for all to see since they are extremely important recent finds.  The first cover PAT138 currently resides in a major private collection.  The second cover PAT138A is currently part of a major Confederate Postal History exhibit.)
PAT138

CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-19 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 26 MAR 1861. There is a manuscript “DUE 24” in pencil across the top to assess the 24c Trans-Atlantic rate applied in Augusta at the time of mailing (an unnecessary mark as postage due was to be collected in England on delivery). Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 2 APR (1861). The date of the New York City mark was a Sunday in 1861, and there were no sailings on that date from New York. The only sailing compatible with this cover is from Boston on 3 APR 1861, so the cover must have been transferred to Boston by closed mail and then sailed on the Cunard Packet “Canada” arriving in Queenstown 15 APR (1861) and then arriving in Liverpool, England the next day. Manuscript 1/- applied to the cover in England indicating 1 Shilling Due for the Trans-Atlantic crossing. The Liverpool receiving mark is on the face of the cover dated 16 APR 1861. This cover was only very recently discovered in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only. The front was submitted to the PF for certification in 2003 and received PF Certificate #0394308. At the present time, this is one of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. The second cover (also a front) was very recently discovered in England and is from the same correspondence in March 1861 but a different flag design (offered for sale below as PAT 138A). This covers is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the PF Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
PAT138A

Overall CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-2 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 20 MAR 1861. Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 27 MAR (1861). This cover sailed on the Cunard British Packet "Arabia" which departed that date from New York. The Liverpool receiving mark is at the lower left dated 8 APR 1861. The prominent British manuscript “1/-” is quite apparent for the 1 shilling due on delivery. This cover was only very recently discovered in January 2006 in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only and is offered here for sale for the first time. The front was recently submitted to the CSA for certification and received CSA Certificate #4738. At the present time, this is the second of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. This cover is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the CSA Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
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PAT204

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin but with a little foxing and toning) tied by the Augusta, Ga CDS (date not full apparent). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in Black with Verse 2 (“On, on to the rescue, the Vandals are coming...”), Slogan 2 (“Confederate States of America”), and Imprint 11 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm’d”). Very coarse dark brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Joseph S. Thurman, Hamburg So. Ca. Care T. Reese. Cover with a little light foxing and very slightly reduced at the left.
$750.00
PAT322

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Dawson, Ga CDS 21 NOV 1861 (part of date logo inverted) addressed to Henry Williford, Paoli, Madsion Co., Ga. Stars and Bars (11-Star) Patriotic Cover F11-14 in full color. Most of backflap missing and an edge repair at bottom right center. The repair is quite unobtrusive giving the cover an overall very clean appearance. $1,500.00
PAT334



"5c Paid Fort Wright (Tennessee Care of Capt Cross)" in mansucript on a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Cover in Blue and Red Type JD-1C (11 Stars in the Flags and in the Sunburst) with Verse 53 ("When the tempest of war..."). Addressed to Mr. W. C. Hailey, Adamsville, Tenn. The cover is not dated, but the lettersheet with the cover is dated 25 JUN 1861. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-1B (7 Stars in the Flags and 10 Stars in the Sunburst). The lettersheet has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Fort Wright. Randolph, Tenn." This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Fort Wright, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. Alphonso Cross was the Captain of Company I at this time. This unit was one of the occupying units in Columbus, Kentucky beginning in September 1861. Fort Wright was not a listed CSA Tennessee post office but was located near the Randolph, Ten post office which most likely handled the cover. Short two page letter with some interesting content. A transcript of the letter is included. The cover has a partially restored top backflap and edge repairs at the right and bottom right not affecting the manuscripts. The lettersheet has some light period staining and foxing. The lettersheet with the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover. The two will only be sold together. $2,500.00 SOLD
PAT335



Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F11-8 with the "T" for "Tennessee" with Verse 20 ("Land of the South!..."). Handcarried outside the postal system "Politeness of Mr. McKenzie" to Mrs. M. Haley, Purdy, Tenn. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-11 (11 Stars in the Flags and 12 Stars in the Sunburst). This is an unlisted variety of the Jefferson Davis Medallion which clearly has 12 stars in the sunburst. The catalog currently does not list a 12-Star variety. The lettersheet also has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Camp Brown, Near Union City, Tennessee." The lettersheet further has Verse 28 ("Now round this gallant leader..."). This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Camp Brown, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. The 12 stars in the Jefferson Davis Medallion sunburst was initially overlooked in the original CP article. The letter is a two page fragment with at least one page missing and rough wear along the right edge. The only war reference in the letter fragment is: "…there is no news at present only they mounted the Bully Gun the other day it takes 28 (pounds) powder to load it carrys a ball 134 (pounds) weight its carriage alone which is cast iron weighed 14 tons…" The cover is a FRONT ONLY with repaired upper right ant left corners. The patriotic cover front and the lettersheet are still important items of Confederate Tennessee postal history. The lettersheet with the unlisted Jefferson Davis Medallion variety and the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover front. The two will only be sold together. $1,800.00 SOLD
PAT339

Lynchburg, Va Soldiers Due 10 Handstamp (Type I) all in BLUE 10 MAY. Gen P. G. T. Beauregard Patriotic Cover Type MS-1 in RED. Addressed to John R. West, Hog Mountain, Geo. Soldiers endorsement at top "R. P. West, Co H, 35th Geo Regiment." Robert P. West enlisted as a private in Co H 35th Ga Infantry 9/24/1861 and was later promoted 3rd Sergt. He is listed as killed at Jericho Ford (Va) 5/23/1864. Cover is small but complete with a light vertical file fold at the right through the postmark and a little generalized light foxing. $850.00
PAT343

Stars and Bars (10-Stars) Patriotic Cover Type F10-3 in full color. Monterey, Va PAID 5 Type B 24 JUL (1861). Addressed to Wm Son Kelly Esqr., Hicksford, Va. Lady's cover with floral embossing around the edges. Missing top back flap and a little edge wear at the top and left center. Clean appearing cover. Patriotic lady's covers are not that commonly seen. $750.00
PAT371

Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in black Type  CN-1C (12-Stars) with Verse 13 (Gather around your country's flag...). Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. Jacob Arent, Spring Hill Forge, Lincoln Co. NC. Politeness of Mr. Helderman. The cover is undated, and there is no enclosure. The cover was sent by 3rd Lt William R. Arent of Co H 52nd NC Inf to his father. Lt Arent enetered service 3/25/1862. There were three soldiers named Helderman in the same Company H in 1862, one of whom carried the letter for Lt Arent when going home on furlough. A fairly common practice for soldiers to carry letters when going home on furlough. As a member of Heth's Division, Pettigrew's Brigade, the 52nd NC Inf was a Pickett's Charge regiment at Gettysburg. Lt Arent was wounded in the right leg and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He died of his wounds at the Gettysburg Hospital 8/6/1863. Very clean cover. $550.00
PAT373

CSA #5 (margin touches at lower right and the stamp has a heavy horizontal pre-affixing crease near the bottom but with decent color) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 24 MAY 1862. Large Mounted Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 with Verse 45 ("To arms! to arms! quick, be ready...) Addressed to Mr John ---- (cannot decipher the last name), Oak Hill, Newton County, Ga. Coarse brown paper Patriotic Cover with some cover faults professionally repaired at the left center and lower left corner. Scarce use of a 10c Rose Lithograph on a Patriotic Cover. Ex-Brandon. $1,000.00
PAT374

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in black with Verse 45 (To arms! to arms ! quick be ready..." Handcarried outside the postal system to Miss Mary E. McNeil in haste. Minor reduction on the right. $200.00
PAT380

Stampless patriotic cover with the Yorktown, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C (also a manuscript "Paid") 3 SEP (1861). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F12-3 in full color. Addressed to Miss Sc. C. McGimsey, Morganton NC. Cover most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very Fine. PF Certificate 2005. $1,500.00
PAT382

CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin and on the back used to seal the backflap, but the cover was slit open on the side, and the stamp shows no damage) tied to the reverse of the cover by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5a 11 JUN 1863. Patriotic Cover with large Flag Over Cannon design (12 Star Flag) Type CN-1C all in Black with Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag,...”). Addressed to Mrs. Georgia Ann Giles, Howard PO, Georgia. The cover was sent by Sergt Hardy H. Giles (entered service 5/8/1862) of Co F 59th Ga Inf home to his wife. The 59th Ga Inf was an ANV unit in Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corps. Sergt Giles was wounded in both thighs at Fussell's Mill (Va) 8/15/1864 during the Siege of Petersburg and died of his wounds at the Jackson Hospital in Richmond 8/17/1864 and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery. Very minor corner edge damage upper right and left and some very light water staining which do not detract. Very attractive patriotic cover. $1,000.00
PAT383

CSA #6 Horz Pair (almost 4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 30 MAY 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-1C (12 Stars) in Black with Verse 39 (“stand firmly by your cannon...”) and Imprint 32 (Sold by Starke & Cordozo, Richmond”). Addressed to Mrs. P. F. Willis, Wrightsboro, Columbia Co., Ga. Cover most likely sent by Pvt Alonza D. Willis of Co H Cobb's Georgia Legion Infantry home to his wife Palatire M. Willis. At the time of this cover, the unit was in northern Virginia. The 1860 census lists Alonzo Willis’ occupation as “Overseer.” Clean cover with just a little edge wear. $1,150.00
PAT384

Stampless PAID V with the Smithfield, Va CDS Type B all in RED. Additional manuscript "Pd 5" at upper right corner. The red strikes of the postal markings are somewhat difficult to see as they are struck on a green cover. Stars and Bars Patriotic cover with 11-Star flag in black Type F11-16 with Verse 30 (On, on to the rescue,..."), Slogan 24 ("Confederate States of America"), and Imprint 31 ("Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm'd). Addressed to Miss Martha E. Joyner, Farmer's Grove, Va. Top back flap missing, and minor edge wear. Very clean cover. $500.00
PAT385

Stampless Soldiers DUE 10 with the Tudor Hall, Va CDS Type E (date 29 1862 but the month is not visible). Stars and Bars Patriotic cover with 11-Star flag in black Type F11-16 with Verse 30 (On, on to the rescue,..."), Slogan 24 ("Confederate States of America"), and Imprint 31 ("Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm'd). Addressed to Miss S. Virginia Ustick, Livingston, Sumter Co., Ala. Endorsed at lower left "From Private J. L. Ustick 5 Ala Regiment." Top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. 

The cover was sent by Private James L. Ustick (1844-1863) of Co G 5th Ala Inf home to his sister. Private Ustick is listed as having died on 6/2/1863 (reason not given but presumably of disease) and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
$650.00
PAT389

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 22 (margin touches at the left and close at the top) tied by the Wilmington NC 5 PAID CDS 28 MAR (1862). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (10 Stars) Type F10-11 in black with Verse 5 (Bright Banner of Freedom...) and Imprint 17 (Manufactured by W. & J. Bonitz, Goldsborough NC). Addressed to Mrs M. H. Witherspoon, Coddle Creek, Cabar(r)us Co., N. Carolina.  Cover has some very professional edge and corner restorations not involving the stamp, postmark, or any part of the design, verse, or imprint. Very Fine overall appearance.

The addressee, Mary H. Witherspoon (1839-1891) was the wife of John G. Witherspoon (1837-1863) who is listed as a fairly well-to-do farmer on the 1860 census. John G. Witherspoon enlisted as the 1st Sergeant of Co K 30th NC Inf 9/13/1861. He was quickly commissioned Lieut 9/27/1861 and promoted Capt 5/1/1862. He is listed as killed at Kelly's Ford (Va) 11/7/1863. Lieut Witherspoon is the most likely sender of this cover home to his wife as his regiment was in the Wilmington Cape Fear area at the time of this cover.
$950.00
PAT390

CSA #4a Dark Blue Vertical Pair affixed sideways Stone 3 Positions 33, 43 (4-Margin with a slight clip to the right upper corner in the margin only). The Position 33 stamp is the joined "CE" variety (CC 4-3-v1). The pair is tied by two strikes of the Wilmington 5 PAID CDS 5 JUL (1862). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (10-Stars) Type F10-11 in black with Verse 5 (Bright Banner of Freedom...) and Imprint 17 (Manufactured by W. & J. Bonitz, Goldsborough NC). Addressed to Miss L. A. Richardson, Hoovers Hill, Randolph NC. Minor reduction on the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Felton. PF Cert 1983 which identifies the stamps as Stone 3 but has a typo for the position places as 33-34 when the vertical pair is actually Positions 33, 43. A Stone 3 pair with a plated variety on a patriotic cover is extremely scarce. $2,250.00
PAT392

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 Positions 6-7 (margin just in at right with a little edge gum toning at right) tied by the Yorktown, Va CDS 18 APR (1862). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-9 in full color with Slogan 33 (Fast Colors...Warranted not to run). Addressed to Mrs. B. R. Sterns, Woodstock (Cherokee County), Ga (10c rate over 500 miles). Opened at the left with a small sealed edge tear at the lower left. Very clean cover.

The addressee was the wife of Byers R. Ste(a)rns who enlisted from Cherokee County as a private in Co D 28th Ga Inf 9/3/1861. He is listed as killed at Malvern Hill (Va) 7/1/1862. He is most likely the sender of this cover home to his wife as his unit was in the Yorktown area at the time of this cover.
$1,800.00
PAT393

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin just in at the bottom) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 5 DEC (1863). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-16 in black with Verse 13 (Gather around your country's flag...). The address and the flag has a little light period hand tinting in red and blue which adds a little color to the cover. Addressed to Mrs Susan F. Carter, Shady Grove PO, Franklin County,Va. Minor reduction at the left where opened. $850.00
PAT394

Stampless Patriotic Cover Flag of Tent (11-Stars) Type TF-1 in full color with Imprint 5 (T. S Reynolds Atlanta GA). Full strike of the Monterey, Va CDS  with handstamp PAID 10 (this is an unsupported stampless listing in the current CSA catalog which clearly exists) 7 SEP (1861). Addressed to Mrs. T . C. Jackson, Atlanta, Ga Care Jackson & Bro. This is a small but complete cover of high grade stationery that has patent lines and "Pat. Nov. 20, 1855" visible inside. Sealed top back flap tear, minor reduction at the right where opened, and minor edge soliling.

Jackson & Bro was a Commission Merchant firm which handled retail and wholesale sales of  groceries, liquors, and produce. The brothers were James F. Jackson and Thomas C. Jackson.  Thomas C. Jackson enlisted 3/18/1861 in Co F 1st Ga Volunteer Infantry and was promoted 2nd Lieut 12/18/1861. He mustered out 3/18/1862 in Augusta, Ga when his one year term of service was completed. In Sept 1861, the unit was assigned to the CSA Army of the Northwest in northwest Virginia which is where Monterey is located (Highland County) making him the most likely sender of this cover home to his wife.
$850.00
PAT397
4/6/2021
CSA #1 most likely Stone A/B (the stamp is Olive Green and does not plate to Stone 1) (right lower corner of the stamp professionally repaired) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 2c 27 OCT 1861 (early use of the stamp). Large Mounted Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 in black with Slogan 35 ("Forti et Fideli nil Difficile"), Slogan 63 ("Remember Bethel, Sumpter & Manassas"), and Verse 21 ("Let Beauregard's dauntless breast..."). Very unusual to see this design with two separate slogans as almost all the recorded large dragoon covers have either no slogan or only one slogan. Addressed to Miss Elizabeth F. Leary, Liberty, Bedford County, Virginia. Cover has been professionally restored by Gloria McKown to an overall Very Fine appearance and is of exhibitable quality. $2,200.00
PAT398

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 30 (3 good margins with the left margin just touching the design and some minor gum toning and small faults which do not detract) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 14 APR 1862. Patriotic Cover with 11-Star Flag Type F11-16 all in black with Verse 5 (Bright Banner of Freedom....). Very clean and attractive cover addressed to Mrs. Jane Talley Care of E. P. Pool, Clarksville, Mecklenburg, Va. The horizontal line seen in the scan on the stamp above the postmark is either a light pen-stroke or light gum toning. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Bush.

The cover was sent by Pvt Henry M. Talley home to his mother. Henry M. Talley (age 23) enlisted as a private in Co I 38th Va Inf 6/20/1861 and transferred into Co G 14th Va Inf 6/27/1862 as 1st Sergt. The 14th Va Inf as part of Armisted's Brigade was a Pickett's Charge unit. Sgt Talley was wounded in both feet at Gettysburg (Pickett's Charge) and captured as a POW 7/3/1863. He was hospitalized at Gettysburg and recovered and was subsequently paroled and exchanged and later rejoined his unit with a commission as 2nd Lieut in 1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Dinwiddie Court House (Va) 4/1/1865 and confined at City Point and Johnson's Island until his Oatth of Allegiance and release 6/20/1865.
$1,500.00
PAT399
9/26/2021
USA #26 (apparent nick at center left which is not a fault but was caused by a perforation error as there are perfs within the nick) tied by a full strike of the large single rim Charleston SC Paid CDS 14 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA South Carolina. South Carolina Palmetto Flag in Blue Patriotic Cover (CC Type FSC-3B). Military Address to Capt J. B. Patrick, Columbia SC. No information on the addressee. "Capt" may have been a state rank at this time. Cover has a little repair work along the left edge and possibly some repair work at the lower left with no involvement of the stamp, postmark, design, or address. Whatever work may have been done in this area was very well done and very professional and is very unobtrusive. The cover is sealed with a few small sealed back flap opening tears. This is a scarce South Carolina patriotic cover that has an extremely fresh overall appearance. Ex-Kaufmann.$2,500.00
PAT400
9/26/2021
General Beauregard Oval Portrait in Brown Patriotic Cover (CC Type MS-1) handcarried outside the postal system addressed to Mrs. Wm Anderson, Anderson, So. Ca. Manuscript at lower left "Politeness of  M. G. Smith" the name of the person who carried the cover. The cover is also dated at the top in manuscript "Dec 16, 1861." There is no enclosure. Very Fine.

The cover was sent by Capt William Anderson of the 4th SC Inf home to his wife. It was carried by Pvt Madison Grimball Smith, a member of the same unit most likely going home on furlough.

William Anderson (1832-1862), a planter from Anderson County SC, entered service as Captain of Co J 4th SC Inf 2/1/1861. He was promoted Major and transferred to the Palmetto Sharpshooters 4/16/1862. He is listed as Mortally Wounded in Action at Frayser's Farm (Va) on 6/30/1862 dying of his wounds a few days later on 7/4/1862. No information on Pvt M. G. Smith other than his unit.
$600.00
PAT401
9/26/2021
USA #26 Grid Cancel and matching Athens, Ga CDS 22 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Georgia. Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (CC Type F8-7) with eight stars in full color. From the Cobb Correspondence with Military Address to Lamar Cobb Esq Care of Capt Smith of the Macon Volunteers, Norfolk, Va.  Back flap missing and expertly performed top edge repairs not affecting the patriotic design, the stamp, or the postal markings. Very Fine appearance. CSA Cerificate 2002.

Lamar Cobb (1840-1907) enlisted as a private in Co B 2nd Ga Inf Battalion (Macon Volunteers) 4/20/1861 whose Captain was Robert A. Smith. Lamar Cobb was later commissioned as 1st Lieut and promoted Capt and finally Major with service in the 16th Ga Inf and then as a staff officer to his father Maj-Gen Howell Cobb.

Capt Robert A. Smith (1824-1862), a Macon lawyer, entered service as the Captain of Co B 2nd Ga Inf Battalion 4/20/1861, He was promoted Colonel of the 44th Ga Inf 5/10/1862. Col Smith is listed as Mortally Wounded in Action at Ellison’s Mill (Mechanicsville) (Va) 6/26/1862 (the opening battle of the Seven Days Battles) and died of his wounds two days later.
$1,750.00
    


UNUSED CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC COVERS

PAT349

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. Very Fine. $225.00
PAT350

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. The stars are embossed. Very Fine. $250.00
PAT351

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-16 Unused. Very Fine. $225.00
PAT357

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Very Fine. $150.00
PAT359

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Imprint 23 "R. Coburn, Bookseller, N.O." (New Orleans) Very Fine. $150.00
PAT366

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) type X-1 Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $75.00
PAT367

South Carolina Palmetto Flag Patriotic Cover Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $50.00
PAT368

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $75.00
PAT369

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. $75.00



RAILROADS

RR33

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel with a light but legible strike of the Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS to the left (date not fully apparent). Very clean cover which is not from the Rives Correspondence but is addressed instead to Major Wm S. Dabney, Charlottesville, Va. The addressee was not associated with the CSA Army but was a prominent planter in the Charlottesville area.
$250.00
RR44

Soldiers “Due 10” (ms) with the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Bolling Hall, Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at upper left “J. E. Hall Lt Company E 2nd Batt Ala Legion.” Bolling Hall was a prominent planter citizen of Montgomery, Ala who had sons in the Confederate Army. John E. Hall was his third son who enlisted in 1861 at age 19. The unit in the endorsement was Hilliard’s Alabama Legion which was dissolved in November 1863 with parts of the Legion incorporated into the 60th Ala Inf and the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (later promoted Captain) with his two brothers, Bolling Jr and Crenshaw, continued service in the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (1842-1882) is listed as wounded at Petersburg (Va) in 1864. Very clean cover. $500.00
RR48

CSA #12 (AD) (4-margin) tied by an excellent strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Clean orange paper cover with a faded address to Laurens CH SC. $350.00
RR50

CSA #11d (AD) Bluish-Green (more green than blue) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Railroad address to Mrs. Genl Corse Care of  Dr. Radford, Central Depot, Va & Ten RR. Cover from one stop on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to another. Central Depot was in Virginia about halfway between Lynchburg and Bristol. The address is in the hand of CSA Brig-Gen Montgomery Dent Corse (1816-1895) to his wife and therefore contains the General's indirect signature. General Corse commanded a brigade in Pickett's Division but was on detached duty during Gettysburg and did not take part in that battle. He was captured as a POW with several other generals at Sayler's Creek (Va) 4/6/1865 and was confined for a time at Fort Warren. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp associated with a Confederate general. Ex Hart, Ex Werner, and with a Brian Green notation on the back. $900.00
RR51

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin touches at the left) tied by the usual partial strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Cover dates to April 1864 by period docketing at the left. Addressed to Hon Jas H. Witherspoon, Lancasterville SC who was a local judge and magistrate. The docketing at the left indicates that the original contents, which are no longer with the cover, were from Genl Kershaw who was a South Carolinian and a lawyer and politician before the war. Cover shows some minor light foxing. $350.00
RR54

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin and appears to be on London paper. Unobtrusive surface scrape on the bottom stamp) tied by an excellent strike of the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark JUN 7 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. A. Cole, Sheffield PO, Fayette County, Alabama. $500.00
RR57

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin but a little close at the left) tied by the small single rim Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS 28 AUG (1863). The cover is from the Rives Correspondence with Military Address to Lt Col A. L. Rives, Engineer Bureau, War Department, Richmond, Va. Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903) was promoted Lt Col May 1863 and Col March 1864. He served in Richmond mainly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau. The Rives Correspondence is well known and contains many of the known Cobham Railroad postmarks. Unusual to see the Cobham railroad postmark canceling the stamp. Most of these covers have a pen-cancelled stamp with the postmark off to the side. Back Flap opening tears, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. $500.00
RR58

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin and appears to be on London De La Rue Paper) Pen-Cancelled and with a full strike of the Cobham VA. C. R. R. (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS at lower left 7 JAN (1863). Cover is from the Rives Correspondence addressed to Mrs. A. L. Rives Care of Major Alfred L. Rives, Engineer Office War Department, Richmond, Va. Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903) was promoted Lt Col May 1863 and Col March 1864. He served in Richmond mainly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau. The Rives Correspondence is well known and contains many of the known Cobham Railroad postmarks. Part of back flap missing but otherwise Very Fine. $450.00
RR59
9/6/2021
CSA #7 Horz Pair (very irregular margins) tied by the usual partial strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Small but complete cover addressed to Mrs. Eliza Renew, Americus, Sumter County, Ga. Ex-Kaufmann.$350.00
RR60
9/6/2021
CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) pen-canceled and the small single rim Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS 9 AUG. Addressed to Miss Juliella B. Harris, Warren PO, Albemarle Cty, Virginia. With the cover is a 4-Page soldier's camp letter (very literate and easy to read) to his cousin datelined "Camp of the 23rd Va Regt April 29th 1863" and signed S. A. Johnson. By the dates, the letter does not go with this cover and may or may not be from the same correspondence. Letters and covers were frequently mixed up in a family correspondence. The handwriting of the letter and the handwriting of the address on the cover are very similar. Excellent letter with much war references. Typed transcript of the letter is included. The cover has some light water staining but is still very presentable. The letter is Very Fine. Ex-Feldman, Ex-Kaufmann.

Seymour Andersen Johnson (misidentified on the regimental roster as Samuel A. Johnson) (1838-1923), the writer of the letter, entered service on 5/23/1861 as a private in Co D 23rd Va Inf. He was promoted Sergt 8/15/1861 and commissioned 2nd Lieut 6/15/1862. The 23rd Va Inf was a very prominent regiment that took part in virtually every engagement of the Virginia Eastern Theater 1861-1865. Lieut Johnson was captured as a POW at Spotsylvania Court House (Va) 5/12/1864 and initially confined at Point Lookout, Maryland. Lieut Johnson had quite a saga as a POW and became a member of the Immortal 600 held under fire in Charleston Harbor. Transferred to Fort Delaware (6/23/1864), Landed at Morris Island (7/10/1864), Transferred to Hilton Head SC (8/20/1864), Transferred to Fort Pulaski, Ga (10/20/1864, Transferred back to Hilton Head SC (11/19/1864), and finally returned to Fort Delaware (3/12/1865) until released after taking the Oath of Allegiance (6/16/1865).
$750.00

-


PRISONER OF WAR

Libby Prison Richmond, Va Post War Photo.
POW128

Inside South-to-North Throuth-the-Lines POW Cover which originated in Charleston SC. Endorsed at left “Prisoner of War Letter Charleston SC” and “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. Union Annapolis, Md double ring CDS and Target with handstamp “Due 6” dated 20 OCT 1864.  Flag of Truce Boat most likely skipped Fortress Monroe and went on up to Annapolis where the cover entered the Federal mail system.  Blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Samuel B. Talpey, Lynn, Mass.  Cannot identify who sent the cover as there is no Union soldier listed as a POW named Talpey.  Backflap opening tear and professional edge and corner repairs to a Very Fine appearance.  Unusual POW usage Ex-Kohn, Ex-Walske. $750.00
POW129

South-to-North cover from Thomaston, Ga to POW at Camp Douglas, Ill.  Cover originated in Thomaston, Ga with the Thomaston, Ga CDS (date not fully apparent) and manuscript “Paid 10” for the CSA postage.  Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James F. White, Co B 55 Ga Regt, Barracks No 12, Camp Douglas, Ill and routed through Richmond, Va.  The Federal postage was paid with a USA #65 stamp also tied by a second strike of the same Thomaston, Ga CDS which shows that the stamp was applied to the cover by the sender in Georgia.  No Union postal markings.  Very unusual to see a POW cover with the Federal stamp canceled only by the CSA postmark. “By Flag of Truce” at left.  Manuscript “Ex” and pencil notation on the contents “$10 Confederate Money” and “$1 US Banknote.” Additional manuscript notation “Can’t be found.”  Most of Co B 55th Ga Inf was captured at Cumberland Gap, Ten in 1863 and sent to Camp Douglas. But there is no James F. White recorded on the roster of the 55th Ga Inf, and he apparently could not be found at the prison.  So uncertain of the soldier’s actual fate due to lack of records.  Cover clean but shows some edge and corner wear.  Ex-Walske. $1,250.00
POW134

South-to-North POW Folded Letter complete originating from the the Roper Hospital in Charleston SC.  Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Day, Vassalboro Browns Corner, Maine.  “Via Flag of Truce” at lower left. There are no postal markings and no examiner’s marks.  Letter was handcarried outside the postal system to its final destination at least from the transfer point or perhaps from Charleston itself through the transfer point very likely carried by an exchanged prisoner returning home.  Another explanation is that it may have been an inner cover with the outer envelope discarded at the transfer point.  But most likely it never entered the mails at all.  The letter was sent by Capt John R. Day 3rd Maine Inf to his wife. The letter is a complete one page POW letter written on blue lined notebook paper which has been transcribed.  The letter is datelined “C. S. Mill Prison Charleston Aug 10 (`1864).”  In the letter, Capt Day states that the officers were removed from Libby Prison in Richmond to Macon, Ga on May 7th (1864) (Camp Oglelthorpe for Officers in Macon) and that they just arrived in Charleston on the day of the letter (Aug 10, 1864).  The officers transferred from Camp Oglethorpe were held at the Roper Hospital in Charleston.  These officers are sometimes referred to as the Union 600 as the housing of these Union officers in Charleston presumably under fire prompted the Union retaliation known as the Immortal 600.  The Union officer POWs did not remain long in Charleston as they were transferred in October 1864 to Camp Sorghum in Columbia SC.  So Capt Day had quite an odyssey as a POW.  John R. Day (1836-1889) entered service as a 2nd Lieut in Co H 3rd Me Inf 6/4/1861.  He was subsequently promoted 1st Lieut and Capt.  He was captured at Gum Springs (Va) 6/20/1863 (a minor action in Fairfax County). He remained confined at those various prisons until exchanged in late 1864.  Galen Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital.  Despite its name, the Roper Hospital acted as a standard prison and did not care for sick or wounded POWs.  Very Fine item. $750.00
POW145

South-to-North POW Cover addressed to Mr. Wm Piper, Prisoner of War, Point Lookout, Maryland. USA #65 with a cork cancel and the Union Old Point Comfort, Va 16 JAN (1865) postmark at the lower left. This is the inside envelope bearing the Union postage. The outer envelope with the Confederate postage would have been discarded at the transfer point. Period docketing in red “Oct 23, 1864 B. S. Allen Chaffins Farm, Va” would refer to the original contents with the letter date and the sender. The large manuscript “P” at the lower left is very likely an examiner’s mark which is not identified. The POW was Private William Piper Co A 23rd Ten Inf who was captured in June 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg. Private Brackenridge S. Allen was a member of the same company. The cover most likely represents Private Allen sending a letter to his POW friend far from home. The two side flaps are missing as well as the bottom backflap. The top backflap is intact, so the item is a bit more than a front and is very clean. Ex-Bogg. $350.00
POW150

Through-the-Lines North-to-South POW cover from Johnson’s Island to Shelby Springs, Alabama with the Richmond, Va Powell Type 6q CDS 23 JAN (1865) and handstamp “Due 10” Type IV. This is an inside envelope obviously folded at the edges to fit inside another envelope of slightly smaller size with the outer envelope containing the Union postage and discarded at the transfer point. Endorsed at top “From Lt Mc Glasscock Prisoner of War” with notation “via Flag Truce” at lower left. Addressed to Col John F. Conoley, Shelby Springs, Alabama. The addressee was the Colonel of the 29th Alabama Infantry. The POW sending the cover was 2nd Lieut Macabees Glasscock (1823-1902) of Co B (Blount County Hornets) 29th Ala Inf. Lieut Glasscock entered service as a Sergeant on 9/22/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 7/31/1862. He was captured as a POW at the Battle of Nashville on 12/15/1864 (the last major engagement of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and held as a POW at Louisville before being transferred four days later to Johnson’s Island. He was released from prison 6/16/1865 and subsequently after the war relocated to Texas. Very Fine inside POW cover. $500.00
POW156

North-to-South through-the-lines POW cover from Johnsons Island with USA #65 (minor faults) paying the Union postage Sandusky, Ohio Target 8 MAY 1864. Cover crossed the lines at Fortress Monroe with “Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va” at lower left. Cover taken to Richmond where a partial strike of a Richmond, Va Powell Type 6- CDS was applied over the Union postmarks with the handstamp “Due 10” Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at upper left “E. A. Holt Lt 38th Ala Regt Prisoner of War Johnsons Island.” Addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shephard Care of Hinson and Holt, Mobile, Ala. On arrival in Mobile, the Mobile, Ala handstamp “10” Type F was applied as a receiving mark. Period notation on the reverse indicates that the cover was received 19 JUN 1864 and is the 4th one received. Lt Holt was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and confined at Johnsons Island until released in June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. The Johnsons Island prison held mainly CSA officers, and the 38th Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. “Ex DSA” in manuscript at top which are the examining initials of DeAlva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Vols. Very clean cover. $1,000.00
POW166

USA #65 with a cork cancel and no postmark. POW address to Thomas G. Read, Co E Ninth Division Care of Maj Brady, Pt Lookout, Maryland. The addressee was Pvt Thomas Griffin Read (1836-1895) of Co I 33rd Va Inf. This regiment was part of the fame Stonewall Brigade. Pvt Read enlisted 7/11/1861 and is listed as captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 9/19/1864. He was confined at Point Lookout until exchanged 3/15/1865 and received his final parole at New Market, Va 4/20/1865. “Co E Ninth Division” in the address refers to a prison designation. Maj Brady mentioned in the address was Union Major Allen G. Brady who was the Provost Marshall of the prison in the final months of the war. Manuscript “L” is an examiner’s mark identified by Galen Harrison as having been used in JAN 1865, but the name of the examiner is not known. The cover would most likely have originated somewhere in Virginia from a family member of the POW with the outer envelope paying the CSA postage to the transfer point. This would be an inside cover with the Union stamp already affixed and then canceled at the transfer point where the outer envelope was discarded and the inside cover sent on to the prison. The cork cancel is consistent with the type of cancels used at Old Point Comfort at this time. Very Fine. $250.00
POW167

USA #65 (4-Margin) tied by a geometric cork cancel with the matching small double ring Old Point Comfort, Va CDS 8 MAR. Manuscript “Flag of Truce” at upper left. Addressed to Mr. Mark A. Hardin, Prisoner of War, Ft Warren, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. This is an inside South-to-North cover which from the correspondence is known to have originated in Kingston, Ga with the outside cover discarded at the transfer point. Manuscript “Exd” shows that the contents were examined at the transfer point. Mark A. Hardin was from a prominent Georgia family in Kingston and was commissioned Captain in the 1st Ga Cav. Records show that he was captured on 4/23/1863 by Union naval personnel on a blockade runner while attempting to run the blockade. He was sent to Fort Warren as a naval prisoner where he remained until the end of the war. There is no record of any significant service with the 1st Ga Cav other than his commission as Captain of Co H, so his service with that unit must have been brief and not associated with his capture. Very Fine cover.  $350.00
POW168

USA #65 Target Cancel with the matching Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 8 JAN 1865. Orange paper POW cover from the Johnson’s Island prison to Miss Georgie C. Woods Care of B. B. Cheatham Esqr, Nashville, Tenn. Oval Prisoner’s Letter Examined CSB handstamp Type A from Johnson’s Island. Cover from an unidentified CSA POW at Johnson’s Island, most likely a Tennessee soldier (officer) writing home to a friend or relative. This is not a through-the-lines cover as Nashville was Union occupied early in the war. Ink stain at right edge. $150.00
POW169

USA #U34 Postal Stationery with a fancy geometric cork cancel (Union) and the matching Old Point Comfort, Va double ring CDS 25 JAN (1864). Inside South-to-North POW cover which originated at Libby Prison in Richmond. Endorsed at top “From Lieut Jno C. Roney, Prisoner of War, Richmond, Va Jany 4th 64.” Addressed to Miss H. M. Roney, Newark, Ohio. No examiners’s mark on the inside envelope. The original one page prisoner’s letter to his aunt remains and is datelined “Libby Prison Richmond Va Jany 4th 1864.” Letter states he has been a prisoner for eight months and his health is good and he is hoping to be exchanged. John C. Roney enlisted as a Corporal 4/27/1861 in Co H 3rd Ohio Inf and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 8/19/1862 and promoted 1st Lieut 1/1/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at Rome, Ga 5/3/1863 (along with most of the regiment) and confined at Libby Prison until moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was released at Wilmington NC 3/5/1865. Very Fine POW Cover and Letter. $1,250.00
POW170

USA #65 Target Cancel and matching Union Port Royal SC double ring CDS 17 SEP 1864. This is a POW cover originating at the Roper Hospital in Charlston. The cover was exchanged through Confederate Pocotalogo SC and Union Port Royal SC and sent on to Mrs. George Kies, West Killingly, Conn. Period notation at left “Prisoners Letter Lt George Kies Charleston SC. Stewart L. Woodford Lt Col 127 NY Agent of Exchange (Union).” Pencil manuscript “Examined.” George Kies entered service as 2nd Lt Co K 18th Conn Inf 8/10/1862 and was promoted 1st Lt 8/18/1862. He was captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 6/15/1863, initially confined at Libby Prison before moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was paroled at Camp Asylum, Columbia SC 12/10/1864. Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital. Stewart Lyndon Woodford (1835-1913) entered service as Lt Col of the 127th NY Inf on 9/1/1862. He was promoted Col of the 103rd Conn Inf on 3/5/1865 and Breveted a Brig-Gen on 5/12/1865 before resigning the service 8/23/1865. POW covers exchanged through Pocotaligo and Port Royal are decidedly uncommon. Cover has a very minor reduction at left not affecting anything and a little edge staining top and right. Otherwise a Very Fine and scarce through-the-lines POW cover. $1,250.00
POW171

North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from the Elmira NY Prison with a USA #65 tied by the Elmira NY double ring CDS 28 NOV 1864. The "Prisoner Letter Examined" oval handstamp of the Elmira Prison is on the face of the cover. Addressed to Mr. John W. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va by the way of Washington and Richmond by flag of truce. Endorsed at left "S. Baugh pvt 63rd Tenn." Cover transitted Richmond and received the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike blended with the other markings) and the Richmond "DUE 10" Type P handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Records on Confederate Tennessee soldiers are notoriously sketchy to non-existant. Could find nothing on this particular soldier. The Elmira Prison was put into use in July 1864. In late 1864, the 63rd Ten Inf was with the ANV, so Private Baugh was most likely captured somewhere in Virginia in late 1864. Very Fine POW Cover. $450.00
POW172

North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from Point Lookout, Md Prison with a USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the matching Point Lookout, Md CDS dated in OCT 1864.  "Prisoner's Letter Examined" handstamp Type B. Addressed to Miss Julia S. Hamrick, Mt Sidney PO, Augusta County, Virginia. "By Flag of Truce" at the top. Cover went by way of Richmond, Va and received only a very partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS (no date) which also ties the stamp and the Richmond "Due 10" handstamp Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at left "From H. L. Hamrick Co C 5th Va Infantry Point Lookout, Md." Private Hamrick from Staunton, Va had an interesting war career. He enlisted in Co C 5th Va Inf on 3/15/1862. He is listed as wounded in the head at Cedar Mountain (Va) 8/9/1862 but recovered and returned to his unit in December 1862. He was wounded a second time (in the hand) at Chancellorsville 5/3/1863 and captured as a POW. He was confined in Washington DC until exchanged in July 1863. He was wounded yet a third time (in the hand) at Payne's Farm (Va) 11/27/1863 and spent some time in the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond before retunring to his unit in February 1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Martinsburg WV 6/15/1864 and confined at Point Lookout. He was released (very likely exchanged) 3/17/1865 and was finally paroled 5/1/1865. He died in 1927. He undoubtedly had many very interesting stories to tell his grandchildren. Very clean cover. Notation on the back of the cover by VanDyk MacBride. $450.00
POW175

This is the inside cover from the Union prison at Fort Pulaski (Savannah, Ga). The cover is from a documented "Immortal 600" correspondence endorsed at the upper right "Capt H. W. Horne 3rd NC Regt Prisoner of War" with "Pr Flag of Truce Via Charleston SC." The cover did not go through Charleston but apparently was taken directly to Savannah, Ga where it entered the Confederate mail with the Savannah, Ga "Stars" CDS 8 NOV (1864) and (Due) "10" handstamp. Orange paper cover addressed to Fayetteville, N. Carolina. Capt Henry W. Horne of Co C 3rd NC Inf was wounded at Sharpsburg (Md) 9/17/1862. He was captured as a POW at Spotsylvania CH (Va) 5/12/1864 and confined at Fort Delaware until transferred to Morris Island in Charleston Harbor in late August 1864 as a member of the Immortal 600 arriving on or about September 7, 1864. As an Immortal 600 POW at Morris Island, Capt Horne was under fire from the Confederate batteries in Charleston from early September 1864 until the prisoners were transferred to Fort Pulaski on or about October 21, 1864. Capt Horne was then relocated to Hilton Head SC November 19, 1864 and then returned to Fort Delaware March 12, 1865. He was released June 6, 1865. This cover is dated 8 NOV (1864) during his brief time at Fort Pulaski, but there is no enclosure. No censor mark which is not uncommon for these covers. A very similar cover from the same correspondence from Capt Horne when he was at Hilton Head SC routed through Charleston is illustrated in Harrison's POW book. The story of the Immortal 600 is well known. Harrison lists only 24 covers from Fort Pulaski, but this cover most likely is not one of the 24 listed as it comes from an old collection and was not identified as an Immortal 600 cover until now. Very Fine Cover. $1,000.00
POW179

USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel and the Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS 27 JUL (1864) North-to-South Johnson's Island POW Cover. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Sarah F. Jones, Spring Garden PO, Pittsylvania Cty, Virginia. Endorsed at upper left "Geo W. Jones Lt Co I 18th Va Regt." Manuscript at lower left "By Flag of Truce Care of the Comd Officer Fortress Monroe." Manuscript examiner's marking. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 13 AUG (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type P to assess the CSA postage. George Washington Jones (1832-1910) mustered into Co I 18th Va Inf 4/24/1861 as a 2nd Lieut and promoted 1st Lieut 4/26/1862. As a member of Garnett's Brigade of Pickett's Division, the 18th Va Inf was a Pickett's Charge unit at Gettysburg. Lieut Jones was wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He was confined at Johnson's Island until exchanged 3/14/1865. Johnson’s Island housed only CSA officers. Very Fine. $600.00
POW182

USA #65 tied by two strikes partially struck off the cover of the Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 24 MAR 1865 from the Johnson's Island prison with a full strike of the oval Johnson's Island Prisoner's Letter Examined G.S.B. (Corporal George S. Brown 128th Ohio Volunteers) handstamp Type A. Addressed to Miss M. E. Fearn, Hunters Bottom, Milton, Ky (not through-the-lines). The original one page prisoner's letter remains with the cover addressed to the POW's cousin and concerns the POW's pending exchange (written very near the end of the war and an exchange did not take place). The letter is signed only "Your Affectionate Cousin." with no name. However, a photocopy of another letter in the same correspondence which accompanies the cover identifies the prisoner who sent the letter as James B. Gordon. Very clean appearing POW cover with a missing top back flap and a little edge wear across the top. Included with the cover and letter in addition to the photocopy of another letter in the correspondence is some information on Lieut Jordan.

James Bell Jordan (1839-1899) entered service as 1st Lieutenant Co D 26th NC Inf 5/29.1861 and was soon transferred to Field and Staff as the regimental adjutant. He was severely wounded in the hip at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 (Pickett's Charge as the 26th NC Inf was part of Pettigrew's Brigade) and captured as a POW. He was hospitalized initially at Gettysburg and spent the remainder of the war in confinement at David's Island in New York Harbor (July 1863), Johnson's Island (September 1863 - March 1865). Point Lookout (March 1865), Fort Delaware April - June 1865). Released after taking the Oath of Allegiance June 12, 1865. Lieut Jordan married Mattie Fearn, the addressee, in 1868. Even though the letters state to his cousin, she was probably not truly a cousin but the salutation was used to make it appear that the letter was being sent to a relative to conform to the rules of POW letters. In 1876, they relocated to Florida where he became a tax collector and a clerk of the district court in DeLand, Florida. The archive of Lieut Jordan's wartime POW letters (about 20 letters with covers) to his future wife was sold by Heritage Auctions in 2007 as a single unit. This cover and letter were part of that archive, so it appears that the archive has since been broken down and sold as individual items.
$450.00
POW186

South-to-North through-the-lines POW cover which originated from Columbia SC (Camp Sorghum). Union Old Point Comfort VA double ring CDS 14 DEC (1864) with Union DUE 6 handstamp to assess the Union postage for an unpaid POW letter. No CSA postage noted. This is either an inside cover with the outside cover discarded at the transfer point, or it was handcarried to Old Point Comfort from Columbia SC, or most likely from the notations on the cover was transferred at Union occupied Hilton Head SC very likely under a seperate cover through the Columbia SC post office with other pow letters and then taken by the Union to Old Point Comfort where it entered the Union mails. Manuscript at bottom right "(per Flag of Truce via Hilton Head SC)." Addressed to Sergt Harlan Page, Co E 4th Vt Vols, Washington DC. Manuscript "Ex" noting that the contents have been examined (Union examiner). Bold period signature on the reverse "Lt E. S. Williams 32 Ga," the Confederate examiner, which identifies this cover as originating at Camp Sorghum, a Confederate prison in the Columbia SC area that was operational for only 3 months (Oct-Dec 1864). Lieut Williams was a documented guard at Camp Sorghum. The dateline of the original letter, which is no longer with the cover, is reported to be "Camp Federal Prisoners, Columbia S.C. Oct. 20, 1864." Harrison records only 20 covers from Camp Sorghum. Very Fine and scarce.

Carlos W. Carr (1838-1914) of Brandon, Vt was the 1st Lieut of Co F 4th Vt Inf when he was captured as a POW at the Weldon Railroad (Va) 6/23/1864 and initially confined at Macon, Ga. He was paroled 3/1/1865 and was discharged 5/6/1865. After the war, he served as a Major in the Vermont National Guard. Harlan Page (d1901) was the 1st Sergt of Lieut Carr's company.
$800.00
POW187

USA #65 (natural straight edge at left with guide line) with a target cancel and the matching small single rim Delaware City, Del. CDS 27 SEP (1864). North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW cover which originated at the Fort Delaware Union prison with the oval Prisoner's Letter Examined handstamp Type A. Addressed to Mrs. H. J. Dean (Key Box No 26), Spartanburg, South Carolina. "Per Flag of Truce" at the top. Endorsed at left "Edwd J. Dean Capt 22nd SC Regt CSA." Cover crossed into the CSA through Fortress Monroe and was taken to Richmond where the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6- was applied which ties the Union stamp and has an OCT (1864) date and the matching DUE 10 Type P handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Very Fine.

Edward Jefferson Dean (1842-1885) was Captain of Co C 22nd SC Inf and was captured as a POW at the Siege of Petersburg Battle of the Crater 7/30/1864 and confined at Fort Delaware. After the war, he lived in Calhoun County, Alabama. The cover is addressed to Capt Dean's mother.
$600.00
POW189



Group of 7 Covers from the same POW Correspondence all addressed to Clifton F. Didlake either at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Indiana, or Fort Delaware. None of the covers are through-the-lines as 2 originate from Union occupied Memphis, Ten, and 5 originate from two places in Union Kentucky - Paris Ky (4) and Stony Point Ky (1). Covers only with no letters. All are stamped with the postage paid by a USA #65 stamp. Since these are not through-the-lines covers and they are all coming into the prison, there are no examiner's marks. One cover is a front only, the others are complete covers. With a group such as this, faults are to be expected. Most unusual to have such a large number of POW covers offered together from the same correspondence.

Clifton Ferguson Didlake (1842-1912) was from Prestonburg (Floyd County), Kentucky. He enlisted in Company D of the 1st Ky Battalion Mounted Rifles (Confederate) 10/21/1862 and achieved the rank of Ordnance Sergeant. Records of Kentucky Confederate soldiers are sparse. He was captured in Tennessee either at the Battle of Chickamauga or not long after the battle in September 1863. He was confined first at Camp Morton, a Union prison for POW's located in Indianapolis, Indiana, before being transferred to Fort Delaware in early 1864. He remained a POW at Fort Delaware until his release at the end of the war in June 1865. Covers could possibly benefit from further research.

Covers in Chronological Order --
1) From Paris, Ky 9 DEC 1863 to Camp Morton (front).
2) From Paris, Ky 4 JAN 1864 to Camp Morton.
3) From Union Occupied Memphis, Ten 1 FEB 1864 to Camp Morton.
4) From Paris, Ky 11 APR 1864 to Fort Delaware with Comp D 1st Ky Batallion in the address.
5) From Stony Point Ky (manuscript) 8 JUL 1864 to Fort Delaware with "Private Camp" notation of unknown significance.
6) From Union Occupied Memphis, Ten 7 JAN 1865 to Fort Delaware with "1st Kentucky Battalion" in the address.
7) From Paris, Ky 25 MAY 1865 to Fort Delaware with "Prisoner of War" in the address.
$900.00
Seven
Covers
 
POW190
11/2/2021
USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS to the left 2 NOV. North-to-South POW Cover from Johnson’s Island, Ohio to Montevallo, Ala via Richmond, Va. On transitting Richmond, the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike over the Federal stamp and date not apparent) was applied along with the handstamp Due 10 Type P to assess the CSA postage. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Ellen Ready, Montevallo PO, Shelby County, Ala. Endorsed at upper left “Moses C. Ready Private 1st KY Battallion & Prisoner of War Johnsons Island” with manuscript “For Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe” at lower left. Manuscript “Ex TOC” of Pvt Theodore O. Castle 128th Ohio Volunteers and dates the cover to NOV 1864. Johnson Island was a Union prison for CSA officers, but a few privates and enlisted soldiers were also confined there. Cover shows some wear and minor edge faults but is still quite presentable.

Moses C. Ready (1825-1865) enlisted as a private in Co G Butler’s 1st Ky Cav (Confederate) in March 1862 which later became the 3rd Ky Cav (Confederate).  Private Ready was captured as a POW 6/9/1864 at Mount Sterling, Kentucky, during John Hunt Morgan's last Kentucky raid. Pvt Ready is listed as having died at the Johnson's Island prison (presumably from disease) 2/27/1865 and is buried at Johnsons Island in Grave 198. However, the name on the marker is misspelled as Moses C. Reading. The name on the cover is clearly “Ready.” 
$750.00
Contemporary CDV of Libby Prison in Richmond, Va 1864. The CSA second national flag is flying from the top of the prison. The figures at the bottom right are two civilian men with a child between them and a Confederate officer in uniform with what appears to be a slave holding the officer's horse.
Enlargement of the figures showing the Confederate officer with the slave holding the horse.



BLOCKADE

BLK23

Incoming Blockade Cover from New York City to Aiken SC via Nassau, Bahamas and Charleston SC -- The original letter remains with the cover dated New York City 19 Aug 1864. The cover arrived in Charleston SC on 3 DEC 1864 with the application of the small double circle Charleston SC CDS on that date. Records show that the blockade runner Laurel arrived in Charleston from Nassau on that date. Period receiving docketing at the left indicates that the letter was received 3 DEC 1864 and the sender’s name was Mrs. J. D. Parkinson. The full address is to The Revd J. H. Cornish, Aiken, South Carolina. Manuscript “12” in pencil indicating 10cts due for inland CSA postage plus 2cts ship rate with no SHIP or STEAM-SHIP handstamp. The cover is listed as BI-Ch-75 on Page 248 of the Walske-Trepel book. However, in the book the name of the addressee was misread as “McCormick.” Cover shows a little edge wear and part of the backflap is missing. Still a very fine inbound Charleston blockade cover with the original letter confirming the point of origin. $1,600.00
BLK25

Incoming Blockade Cover from London, England to Staunton, Virginia via Charleston. Folded Letter complete (business) datelined in London 1 JUN 1864. “Via Bermuda” at upper left. Cover entered the CSA at Charleston receiving the Charleston SC CDS 29 JUN (1864) and the oval STEAMSHIP handstamp (Type B) with manuscript “12” in blue pencil (2c ship fee plus 10c inland CSA delivery fee) and then sent on to Virginia. Addressed to W. J. Hull Esq Care of Honbl L. P. Thompson, Staunton, Virginia. Cover is listed in Walske-Trepel as BI-Ch-57 carried into Charleston by the blockade runner Druid. Folded letter has some fold separations and some edge faults with a central vertical file fold. Still a very decent presentable blockade cover. $1,500.00
BLK26

Handcarried and undated Blockade Cover with no postal markings addressed to Mrs. C. L. Burckmyer Care Messer Fraser Trenholm & Co, Liverpool, England. Envelope No 10 from the well-known Burckmyer Blockade Correspondence between Charleston SC and Liverpool, England. Photocopy of the original letter held in the South Carolina archives is included. $350.00
BLK27

Incoming Blockade Cover through Bermuda into Wilmington NC and on to Wetumpka, Ala. Cov is from the known Lull Corrspondence addressed to Mrs. S. G. Lull, Wetumpka, Ala Care Messers DeRosset Brown & Co Wilmington NC. Cover received the Wilmington NC CDS dated 10 JAN (1864) and the handstamp SHIP with "12" manuscript indicating 12c due (10c for the inland CSA delivery plus 2c ship fee). Excellent strikes of the postal markings. "Presto" manuscript at upper left corner which is the name of the blockade runner that carried the cover. Very clean cover with just a little minor nibbling at the left center edge which does not detract from the overall appearance. There is no enclosure, so the precise origin of the cover is not known. This cover is listed as BI-WM-52 in the Walske-Trepel Census. Part of backflap missing, otherwise a Very Fine incoming Blockade Cover.

The Presto (original name Fergus) was built in Glasgow, Scotland by Alexander Stephens & Sons in 1863 for the specific purpose of running the blockade. She was consigned to DeRousset Brown & Co in Wilmington and made only two successful blockade runs before she was destroyed attempting to enter Charleston Harbor in February 1864. The Presto ran aground in fog right in front of Fort Moultrie. A New York Times article from 2/14/1864 describes what happened when the fog lifted -- "She was a splendid looking side-wheel steamer with two smokestacks and rakish masts. Forts Wagner and Gregg, aided by two monitors, at once commenced to shell her, and by noon she was a complete wreck. A two hundred pounder Parrot from Fort Wagner cut her nearly in two. Besides the shelling of the steamer, the City of Charleston, James Island, and Forts Johnson and Moultrie have received a tremendous cannonading."

 $3,500.00
BLK31
11/2/2021
Incoming Blockade Cover Liverpool, England to Charleston SC. Folded business letter complete datelined "The Royal Bank of Liverpool 14th September 1861" and addressed to SouthWestern Rail Road Bank, Charleston SC. The cover itself is a folded ledger sheet which is an account statement with a short business letter. No postal markings and carried through the blockade completely outside the mails. Receiving docketing on the reverse "Recd Sep 25th." That is a fast blockade transit only 11 days after the date of the letter. Some minor toning and two vertical file folds.
 $375.00
BLK32
11/2/2021
Outgoing Blockade Cover Charleston SC to Liverpool, England. Two page folded letter complete on blue lined letter paper datelined “Charleston July 17th 1861” and addressed to Thomas Horsey Esqr Care of Messers Fraser, Trenholm & Co, No 10 Rumford Place, Liverpool, England. No postal markings and carried through the blockade entirely outside the mails. The addressee was a Confederate European agent. Letter is dated 4 days before the Battle of First Manassas, and the writer did not have much to report. So the letter only contains general comments about the current political situation and the perception of the Confederacy. The letter could benefit from a transcription. Few minor tape stains otherwise very clean. Ex-Calhoun with a 1981 CSA Certificate.
 $400.00



MISCELLANEOUS

MSC160

Adversity Cover with no postal markings (handcarried outside the postal system) addressed to Mr. John James, Grove Station, Greenville District, South Carolina. The cover is made from a used Port of Savannah shipping document dated 1857, so the handcarried use is very likely from the Conmfederate period. Displayed flapped up from the lower left cornershowing an eagle illustration. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $100.00
MSC164

Semi-Official Imprint Cover "Head Quarters, Department of N. C. Official Business" (Type WD-ZA-13). Handcarried outside the postal system  to Mrs. J. R. Anderson, Richmond Favd by Maj Ashe. The addressee was the wife of CSA Brig-Gen Joseph Reid Anderson. Gen Anderson was in command at Wilmington NC from Sept 1861 into early 1862. So the cover could be a letter from the general to his wife. But the handwriting on the cover is not that of Gen Anderson. So someone else addressed the cover. Gen Anderson resigned 7/19/1862 to devote full time to the management of the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond. Major Ashe, who is named as the carrier of the cover, was most likely Major William Shepperd Ashe (1814-1862) of North Carolina who served as a Quartermaster Officer in Richmond in charge of railroad transportation. He could have carried the letter as a favor to the General in early 1862 when he was returning to Richmond. Major Ashe was killed in a railroad accident near Wilmington NC in Sept 1862. Cover is clean with a small reduction at the top not affecting anything, a small corner fault at the upper left, and a missing top back flap. $200.00
MSC167

Period full length engraving of Maj Gen George B. McClellan in uniform published by Magee of Philadelphia in 1861. The engraving is approximately 8 x 5 inches and is Very Fine. $45.00
MSC173

United States Military Telegraph Office (Department of the Gulf) form at occupied Port Hudson, La Sept 20, 1864 from occupied New Orleans. To Col Alexander from D. J. Wenz "Can accommodate let him come to my house."  $25.00
MSC176

Semi-Official Military Imprint "Head Quarters, Army of the Potomac, C. S. A." (Type WD-ZD-05). The Confederate Army of the Potomac designation was in use for less than a year becoming the Army of Northern Virginia in mid-1862. Handcarried outside the postal system (most likely by a staff officer courier) to Capt Joseph Lovell, Head Quarters Gen Clark, Manassas Junction (Va). The address is in the hand of Maj-Gen Gustavus W. Smith who at the time commanded the 2nd Corps. The addressee was the son of Gen Mansfield Lovell and served as a VADC (1861) on the staff of Brig-Gen Charles Clark who commanded a brigade in the 2nd Corps. Gen Clark would later be elected as the Confederate Governor of Mississippi 1864-1865. Cover has sealed tears at top center with some involvement of the imprint. Still with a clean and presentable appearance. $200.00
MSC184

Small commercially made Valentine envelope with an embossed classical female portrait at the upper left. No postal markings and hand delivered to Mr. Howel(l) Cobb, Athens, Georgia. Dated at left in pencel FEB 13 - 61. The pencil date may or may not be period. If the date is correct, that would put the cover in the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. On the reverse sealing the back flap is a small period label which was meant to be humorous showing a husband and wife in bed "You were a very different man then McCaudle" the meaning of which escapes me. The original period Valentine card enclosure is with the cover "To my true Valentine" with an elbortate flower bouquet. Howell Cobb, the recipient of the Valentine, was the most prominent Georgia politician of his day, and his history is well known. Former Speaker of the USA House of Representatives, former Governor of Georgia among other offices, and later a CSA Major-General. Have no idea who sent the Valentine, but most likely it was not his wife as the first name is mispelled on the cover, and in February 1861 Howell Cobb was in Montgomery, Ala as President of the Confederate Provisional Congress. One could speculate that it was from a "secret admirer." Everything with the cover and the Valentine looks to be correct for the period. Small sealed edge tear top center, back flap opening tears but the label is undamaged, and a repaired upper right corner. The Valentine enclosure is Very Fine. Valentines from this period are scarce as are covers with these so-called humorous Victorian labels on the back most of which were damaged in opening. $250.00
MSC187

The tattered cover offered here is an extremely important cover in the story of Missouri Confederate postal history. The cover has a single CSA #7 stamp with a pen cancel sealing the back flap. A second CSA #7 stamp is missing and was probably torn away at opening. There is no indication of where the cover entered the CSA postal system. The important part is the full military address "Lieut Col F. L. Hubbell Care 3rd Mo Inftr, 1st Brigade Bowen's Division, Port Gibson, Miss." I first acquired this cover in 1994 and sold it to noted Missouri postal historian and collector Richard A. Hall of Jefferson City, Missouri. Mr. Hall was ecstatic to find this cover saying he had been looking for such an item for 30 years. I sold him the cover, and he did considerable research. He published an extensive article on the cover which appeared in the Jul-Aug 1995 issue of The Confederate Philatelist. His research convinced him that the cover was carried through-the-lines by the Confederate mail runner Capt Absolom Grimes from Missouri and dropped into the Confederate mail system at an unknown location. Capt Grimes' exploits are chronicled in a 1929 book. To date this remains the only cover with documented research and believed to be an Absolom Grimes carried cover. The cover with a summary of Absolom Grimes' exploits and a more detailed analysis of the cover appear on Pages 231-232 of my book Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The cover disappeared in the late 1990's when Mr. Hall's material was sold at auction. No one knew where it was. But it fortuitously and very luckily came back into my hands recently through a private buy. The cover is offered with a typed draft of Mr. Hall's original article which still remained with the cover.

Findlay L. Hubbell (1830-1863) from Ray County, Missouri, enlisted as a private in the 3rd Missouri Infantry (CSA) in December 1861. He was promoted Major the next month and Lt Col and commander of the regiment in November 1862. He was killed in the fighting around Port Gibson, Miss in May 1863.
$500.00
SOLD

MSC188
7/2/2021
Adams Express Cover within the Confederacy with no postal markings addressed to Mrs. Don P. Halsey Care Col  K. Otey, Adams Express, Lynchburg, Va. Notation at the top in the same hand as the address "Col Otey will please deliver immediately as it is important business." The cover is undated but most likely from 1864 by the names on the cover. Very clean cover.

The addressee was the wife of  Major Don Peters Halsey (1835-1883) who most likely sent this cover to his wife. Don Peters Halsey entered service as 2nd Lieut of Co G 2nd Va Cav 5/28/1861 and was discharged 4/25/1862 when he failed reelection.  He was recomissioned into the Confederate States General Staff 5/15/1862 and served as a staff officer (AAG) to various CSA generals for the rest of the war. He took part in many battles including Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He was wounded at Seven Pines (Va) 6/15/1862 losing the vision in his right eye, wounded again and captured as a POW at Stone Mountain (Ga) 9/14/1862 and exchanged a few weeks later, and captured again as a POW at Waynesboro (Va) 3/2/1865 and confined at Fort Delaware until exchanged. Promoted Captain in 1862 and Major in 1864. After the war, he practiced as a lawyer in Lynchburg.

Kirkwood Otey (1829-1897), an 1849 graduate of VMI, entered service as Lieut of Co G 11th Va Inf 4/23/1861. He was promoted through the officer ranks becoming Lieut Col 9/24/1863 and Colonel of the regiment 12/20/1864. He is listed as wounded in the shoulder at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 (Pickett's Charge as the 11th Va Inf was part of Kemper's Brigade in Pickett's Division) and wounded a second time at Drewry's Bluff (Va) 5/16/1864. Very likely he was at home in Lynchburg recovering from his Drewry's Bluff wound at the time of this cover. He commanded the regiment from Gettysburg to the end of the war. Of note is that he underwent a court martial for being drunk on duty 4/15/1863. He apparently beat the charge as there is no further record and he continued in service. After the war, he served as the City Auditor for the City of Lynchburg and also served in the Virginia State Militia.
$225.00

MSC196
8/28/2021
Three stampless covers from the Furman correspondence --

1) Milledgeville, Ga CDS with handstamp PAID 5 Type C 27 JUN. Addressed to Dr. John H. Furman, Manchester So. Ca.
2) Manuscript postal marking "Manchester SC July 4th " with matching manuscript "Paid 10." Adressed to Dr. John H. Furman, Milledgeville, Georgia.
3) Manuscript postal marking "Manchester SC Oct 16" with matching manuscript "Paid 10." Addressed to Dr. John H, Furman, Milledgeville, Georgia.

The manuscript postal markings on the two Manchester covers are different handwriting. All three covers are clean. One has a missing back flap, one has a few back flap opening tears, and the third one is Very Fine. There are no enclosures.

The addressee, Dr John Howard Furman (1827-1902) an 1845 graduate of the Charleston Medical College and a grandson of Richard Furman for whom Furman University was named, is listed on the Census of 1860 as a physician in Sumter District, South Carolina. He also practiced for a time in Milledgeville, Georgia. In addition to being a physician, he was also a successful South Carolina planter before the war.
$350.00
Three
Covers

MSC197
10/8/2021
Large 9 x 6 inch card with the 10c Altered Plate Columbus Block of 9 on one side and the 10c Altered Plate Baltimore Block of 9 on the other side printed by August Dietz c1926. This item is listed on Page 361 of the new CSA Catalog as U-2-3b. $100.00

Presented below are 7 covers from the Sgt Walker G. Twyman Correspondence. Six covers are imprinted (5 with Adams Express Company or Adams Southern Express Company, and 1 with the Virginia Central Railroad ). These are all scarce imprints. All are from Sgt Twyman with 6 to his father, Joseph W. Twyman, and one to his younger brother William R. Twyman. The Federal Census of 1850 confirms the relationship. The covers have no postal markings indicating that they did not enter the CSA postal system. No express markings are present on the covers other than the imprints. Covers were either handcarried outside the postal and the express systems or perhaps carried by Adams Southern Express as a courtesy as Sgt Twyman's brother, William R. Twyman, was an Adams Express Agent in Richmond and most likely supplied the imprinted covers to his brother.

Walker Gaines Twyman (1839-1862), one of 10 children of Joseph and Elizabeth Twyman, enlisted in Co B 19th Va Inf 5/8/1861 and was promoted Sgt. He is listed as reduced to the ranks (private) 4/29/1862 (reason not given) and detailed to the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond as an orderly and ward master. He died of typhoid fever at the Chimborazo Hospital 10/8/1862. There are no letters with these covers, but the Twyman Family Papers and Letters 1835-1865 are archived at the University of Virginia.

MSC189
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. Jos(eph) W. Twyman, Earlysville, Va. Docketing at left in pencil "W. G. Twyman 9 & 12 May (1861) at Culpepper C.H. (Va)." Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender and puts him with his regiment in Culpeper Court House, Va just after his enlistment. "Adams Express Company" imprint in RED at top center. Very clean cover. $250.00

MSC190
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. Jos(eph) W. Twyman, Earlysville, Alb(ermarle) Co., Va. Docketing at left  "W. G. Twyman, Centreville, Fairfax (County), 5 & 8 July 1861." Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender and puts him with his regiment in Centreville, Va not long before the Battle of First Manassas. "Office Virginia Central Railroad R.R.B. (Railroad Business)" imprint at top right. This is a scarce imprint. How Sgt Twyman came across this envelope is a mystery. I managed to find only one other use of this imprint (1861) in a 1997 Siegel auction. Some minor corner wear, but still a very clean cover. $275.00
SOLD

MSC191
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. Jos(eph) W. Twyman, Earlysville, Alb(ermarle) Co., Va. Docketing at left "W. G. Twyman, Fairfax CH, 19 Sept 1861." Additional pencil notation made by the addressee "I have sent all the things Walker wrote for in this letter." Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender. "Adams Southern Express" imprint top center. Complete and very clean cover. $250.00

MSC192
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with a light pencil manuscript "Pd 5" but no postmark or manuscript postal markings. Addressed to Mr. Wm R. Twyman, Charlottesville, Va. Docketing at left "W. G. Twyman, August 14 (1861) Centreville." Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender and the cover as originating at Centreville (Va) with this cover addressed to Sgt Twyman's brother. Very clean cover. $50.00
SOLD

MSC193
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. Jos(eph) W. Twyman, Earlysville, Va. Docketing at left "W. G. Twyman, No 23 24 (refering to the numbered letters in the cover) Nov 8th. 13th. 17th - 1861" near Centreville Poetry." Additional pencil notation which appears to be under the ink docketing refering to Union and Confederates killed 21 JUL 1861. That was the date of the Battle of First Manassas. Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender and may have contained a poem written by him. "Adams Express Company" imprint in RED top center. Minor reduction at the top, and most of top back flap missing. Still a very clean appearing cover. $250.00
SOLD

MSC194
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. J. W. Twyman, Earlysville, Va., Alb(ermarle) Co., Va. Docketing at left "W. G. Twyman, No 30 31 (refering to the numbered letters in the cover) 14th December, 15th December (1861) Camp Near Centreville." Docketing identifies Sgt Twyman as the sender. "Adams Southern Express" imprint top center. Period ink stain at right center not affecting the address, otherwise a very clean cover.  $225.00
SOLD

MSC195
7/4/2021
Stampless cover with no postal markings addressed to Mr. Jos(eph) W. Twyman, Earlysville, Va. Docketing at left "W. G. Twyman July 18th (18)62, Chimboraso Hospital No 5, Richmond, Va." The cover identifies then Pvt Twyman as the sender of the cover while detailed to the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond. "Adams Southern Express" imprint top center. Just a little edge wear at the top and a small part of the top back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $250.00
SOLD



BIDWELL COLLECTION

A general collection of  38 Confederate covers formed by long time Confederate Stamp Alliance member Henry W. (Hank) Bidwell between the years 2000 - 2010. There are no stampless covers in the collection, only covers with CSA General Issue stamps of excellent quality.

-- Bidwell Collection --




ROTH COLLECTION

Part I of the Steven Roth Collection (35 premium covers) demonstrates postal use from the time of secession through 31 MAY 1861 the last day that the USPOD operated in the seceded states. The collection contains some trans-Atlantic covers and some waterway covers used to illustrate the postal uses. Part II of the Steven Roth collection (20 premium covers) demonstrates Confederate postal use on the rivers (Mississippi River, Alabama River System, James River, and others) and Trans-Atlantic Blockade Mail. This collection was exhibited by invitation in the Court of Honor at the International World Stamp Show in New York City 28 May-4 June 2016, and at EUROPHILEX London 2015. Presented as formed by the collector. The covers are all priced to sell individually.

-- Roth Collection --




BUSH ESTATE - Miscellaneous Items

A selection of miscellaneous items, some are Confederate and some are not, from the estate of my late partner Conrad L. Bush who passed away in February, 2017. The proceeds from the sale of these items will benefit the Bush family.

Books from the Bush Estate Library.

-- Bush Estate --




NORTHCUTT EXHIBIT - "Confederate Faces"


A selection of 20 covers for sale individually from the Frank P. Northcutt Collection / Exhibit titled "Confederate Faces" last shown at the WESTPEX (San Francisco) CSA Convention in 2011 where the exhibit received an APS Silver Medal and the Brian and Maria Green Award for the best CSA exhibit with military related items.

-- Northcutt Exhibit --




OLD TIME COLLECTION

Old Time Confederate General Issue Cover Collection

A collection of 28 General Issue covers formed in 1949 that has not seen on the collector's market in over 60 years. This is a very general collection of various stamps and usages. The covers are presented together as they were originally collected but are for sale and priced individually.

 None of the covers from this collection are available for sale as they have all been sold but remain posted so that viewers can see how a collection was formed many years ago.

-- Old Time Collection -- 



BUSH EXHIBIT

CSA STAMPS and POSTAL HISTORY

-- Bush Exhibit --

STRAIGHTLINE, FANCY, and UNUSUAL CANCELS on CONFEDERATE
GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS
General Conrad L. Bush's Award Winning Exhibit/Collection
The complete exhibit remains posted for review and study.
All items have now either been sold or sent to auction.

**********************************************

CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels

A grouping of both covers and off-cover stamps from the Conrad Bush Collection / Exhibit of CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels on General Issue Stamps many of which were used as illustrations in his definitive 1997 book on the subject. All the covers listed in this section have been sold, but the listing remains posted for examination and reference purposes only.

-- OLD Bush Exhibit --


TEFFS COLLECTION

Independent State and USA Used in the CSA

Presented here is the Independent State and USA Used in the CSA postal history collection (41 covers) formed by Confederate Stamp Alliance Past President Ron Teffs of California. The collection was formed over a number of years with an eye specifically for quality and rarity. The covers in this collection are all major items of Confederate Postal History. The collection is presented with the covers listed chronologically beginning with the First Day of the Confederate Period (20 DEC 1860) and extending into June 1861. All the covers in this collection have been sold individually. However, the entire collection is presented intact for all to review and enjoy as it is not often that such material is seen together in one place.

-- Teffs Collection --



-- Confederate Order Form --

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Postal History Part 6

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