CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 7

MISCELLANEOUS

New Covers Added 5 SEP 2019

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
Army Field Cancels Patriotics Railroads
Prisoner of War Blockade Miscellaneous
Old Time Collection Bush Exhibit Teffs Collection

Northcutt Exhibit

Roth Collection

Bush Estate







ARMY FIELD CANCELS

AF162

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel. Small blue paper cover addressed to Miss M. S. Browning, Appomattox PO Appomattox Co, Virginia. Unfortunately the original letter is no longer with the cover but has been broken out and separated from the cover by another collector. The letter dated NOV 1864 was from Lieut J. Shook Co G 15th Va Inf thanking the addressee for supplying socks to the soldiers. Small piece missing from the backflap and a little corner edge wear upper right but an overall Very Fine appearance.
$100.00
AF173

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to Mrs.E. H. Harding Care of Mrs. C. R. Richmond, Milton NC. The cover was sent by Ephraim H. Harding who was the Chaplain of the 45th NC Inf to his wife. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF193

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mrs. A. C. Hopkins, Paineville PO, Amelia Co., Va. The cover was sent by Rev Abner C. Hopkins (1835-1911) to his wife. Rev Hopkins, a Presbyterian minister, enlisted as chaplain of the 2nd Va Inf 5/3/1862.  He was later promoted Corps Chaplain for the 2nd Corps Army of Northern Virginia. His wife was the daughter of Dr. J. M. P. Atkinson, the president of Hampden-Sidney College. Very Fine Cover Signed by Brian Green. $200.00
AF197

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and a minor corner fault at the upper right) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mr. Jas. A. Debnam, Louisburg (Franklin County), N. Carolina. James A. Debnam had a son in the Army of Northern Virginia, Thomas R. Debnam in Co G 47th NC Inf. Private Debnam is listed as having Died of Disease but a date is not given. Also in the same company was Private William R. Debnam. Thomas and William were not brothers but were most likely cousins as the company was raised in Franklin County NC and they enlisted at the same time about one month apart. Private William R. Debnam was transferred into Co D 8th NC Inf on 1/3/1863. The 8th NC Inf was part of the ANV in late 1864. Not sure which one of these two soldiers sent the cover as could not find a date of death for the son. Part of backflap missing, but still a very clean cover. $100.00
AF203

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by a partial strike of an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie Beard, Harrisonburg Rockingham County, Va. Cover most likely sent by Henry Clay Krebs (1839-1911) of Co H 13th Va Inf as Lizzie Beard and Pvt Krebs were married in 1865. Clean appearing cover but with a sealed tear at the left. APS Certificate 2008. $60.00
AF206

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin but ittegularly cut Greenish Blue) tied by two strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel (ATN-02a). Much better than average strike of the scarce military straight line. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Miss T. L. Pittman, Athens, Ga. Sender is not identified but most likely a relative or boyfriend of the addressee in a Georgia regiment. $750.00
AF208

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Army Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Light borwn coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed in pencil to Mrs. C. G. Davenport, Cary Post Office, Wake County NC. The cover is from Sergt C. G. Davenport of Co F 11th NC Inf, an ANV unit of Pettigrew’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps. Minor reductions left and right, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00
AF209

CSA #12 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Addressed to Mrs. Amelia D. Strobel Care of Mrs. Oscar Johnson, Newbury, So. Ca. Turned Cover with the inside use showing a partial Charleston SC CDS (missing stamp inside) addressed to Wm E. Haskill Esqr, Cashier P & M (Planters & Merchants) Bank, Columbia SC.Very Fine. $125.00
AF210

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel Dietz Type ANV 1ED. Addressed to Miss Mollie L. Manning, Tangipaho Parish St Helena, La. Period pencil notation on the front of the cover dates the cover to 1 DEC 1864. Tangipaho, La in St. Helena Parish is in the small part of Louisiana that is on the east side of the Mississippi River. Therefore, the Trans-Mississippi Express rate in late 1864 would not apply. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00
AF212

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army Field Framed Grid Cancel.  Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Kate M. Thornton, Forkland, Greene County, Alabama.  The addressee had a brother, Private B. B. Thornton, in the 3rd Ala Cav who is most likely the one who sent this cover home to his sister.  That unit was an Army of Tennessee unit.  The grid is consistent with a 7-Bar Framed Grid Army of Tennessee Field Cancel.  Reduced at left not affecting anything.  Edge wear at both lower corners.  Very clean cover. $90.00
AF214

CSA #11b (AD) Dark Blue (margin touches at left) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel (10 Bars Unframed ANV-11). Coarse brown paper homemade cover addressed to Alexander Donnan Esqr, Attorney at law, Petersburg, Va. The addressee, Alexander Donnan (1818-1892), was a wealthy Petersburg merchant and lawyer. During the war years, he was a member of the Petersburg City Council. The addressee had no sons of military age, so the sender of the cover is unidentified but was most likely a relative as the Donnan family was very prominent in Petersburg. The period notation at top center is of unknown significance but appears to read “auditor (1864 date that is not fully legible) AD.” Minor horizontal central file fold not affecting anything. Very Clean Cover. $100.00
AF215

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin close on the left) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Adversity Cover made from recycled newsprint. Addressed to Mrs. Jno C Whitwell Care Capt J. C. Whitwell, VMI, Lexington, Va. Captain John Coyle Whitwell was in charge of the Commissary Department at VMI 1862-1864 and was with the Corps of Cadets at New Market. The sender of the cover is not identified. Turned handcarried use on the inside of the cover to Richmond, Va dated 20 JAN 1864. Backflap opening tears but a clean cover with a VMI connection.  $150.00
AF218

Turned Cover - Outside 2nd Use CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. From the Blackford Correspondence with Military Address to Lancelot M. Blackford Esq, Military Court, Care of General Longdtreet, A. N. Virginia, Winchester. Period docketing at the left "Mr. Wm M. Blackford Rec'd July 15, 1863." Lancelot Minor Blackford (1837-1914), an 1859 graduate of the University of Virginia, enlisted in the Rockbridge Artillery 9/2/1861. He was later commissioned and served for a time as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps. Later in 1864, he was transferred to the 24th Va Inf where he served as the adjutant. William Matthews Blackford, the sender, was the addressee’s father. No explanation as to why the father would use an army postmark, but may have given the cover to one of his other sons in the army to post for him. The Backford family papers 1742-1953 are archived at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The Inside First Use is from Montgomery, Ala with a pair of CSA #6 stamps partially removed and addressed to W. M. Blackford Esq Cashr (Cashier), Lynchburg, Va. Advertising Cover with a large circular cameo design on the backflap in red with white letters for the Central Bank of Alabama in Montgomery, Ala. Clean cover with minor backflap tears. Ex-Bush General Issue Stamps Exhibit. $950.00
AF221

Army of Northern Virginia Field (Due) 10 Handstamp (ANV-19 in the new CSA catalog) used during the Siege of Petersburg. Small but complete blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Eli D. Richardson, McCulloch PO (unlisted post office), Union County NC.  Endorsed at lower left "From E. R. Richardson. Co B, 26th Regt NCT." E. R. Richardson enlisted as a Private 3/9/1864 in Co B 26th NC Inf. He is listed as wounded at The Wilderness (Va) 5/5/1864 and Killed-in-Action at Globe Tavern (Va) 8/21/1864. Very clean cover. $150.00
AF222

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (stamp faulty) tied by a partial strike of what appears to be an ANV Army Field Cancel. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Lieut J. C. Purdy, 1st Louisiana Artillery, Mobile, Ala. Period receiving docketing at left dates the cover to July 1864. The 1st Louisiana Heavy Artilley was formed in February 1861 and surrendered at Vicksburg in July 1863. After declared exchanged, the unit was assigned to the defenses of Mobile Bay. Lieut Purdy very likely had a relative or a friend in the ANV at the Siege of Petersburg. Clean appearing cover. $75.00
AF223

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by an ANV Army Field Grid Cancel (ANV-02). Green paper cover with Military Address to Lt. J. C. Purdy, 1st La Artillery, Battery Gladden, Mobile, Ala. Period receiving docketing at left dates the cover to Dec 1864. The 1st Louisiana Heavy Artilley was formed in February 1861 and surrendered at Vicksburg in July 1863. After declared exchanged, the unit was assigned to the defenses of Mobile Bay. Lieut Purdy very likely had a relative or a friend in the ANV at the Siege of Petersburg. Some edge repairs to an overall very clean appearance. $100.00
AF224

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with full strike of an ANV Army Field Target Cancel ANV-13 used 1863-1865. Military Address to Lt. G. R. Wells, Stone Mountain, Ga. George Riley Wells (1838-1919) enlisted as a 2nd Sergt in Co C Wright's Ga Legion 9/26/1861 (38th Ga Inf) and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 4/1/1862. The unit took part in all the major engagment's of the ANV. At the Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam), Lt Wells was one of only three officers in his regiment who was not wounded and commanded the regiment during the rearguard action after the battle. Lt Wells is listed as wounded in the wrist at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 5/15/1864. This cover very likely dates from the time he was at home recovering from his wound and is most likely from one of his brothers as he had several brothers in Confederate service at least one of whom was in the same regiment. Lt Wells rejoined his unit in August 1864 and was captured as a POW at Fisher's Hill (Va) 9/22./1864 and confined at Fort Delaware until his release 6/17/1865. After the war, he was a succesful businessman in Stone Mountain, Ga. Cover is reduced about 1" on the left probably secondary to a rough opening, but the reduction affects nothing and gives the cover a very clean appearance. $125.00
AF225

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (slight nick in the margin at right center with a pre-affixing edge tear) barely tied by a partial strike of the ANV Army Field Target Cancel ANV-13 used 1863-1865. Military Address to Priv Robert Love, Co I 14th Reg Va Cavalry, Jenkin's Brig, A.N.V. Cover dates from late 1863 when the 14th Va Cav was part of Jenkin's Brigade. Robert V. Love (age 18) enlisted as a private 4/19/1861. He is listed as absent (sick) 9/1/1862 returning to his unit 4/30/1863. Somewhere along the line his horse was captured and he paid $250 to get another horse. Confederate cavalrymen had to supply their own horses. In December 1865, he was detailed to the Quartermaster Department in Staunton, Va where he remained into 1865. He is known to have been alive in California in 1916. The cover must have been sent by another soldier in the ANV, possibly a relative or a friend. It is unusual to see a cover with an army field concel from one soldier in the field to another soldier in the field. Very clean appearing cover with just a very light stain at the bottom right corner and a missing top back flap. $125.00
AF226

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. This is a later strike when the device became somewhat clogged with ink, but the strike is still decent and easily recognizable. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. M. Murphy, Waltonsford, Pickens Dist SC. Cover would have been sent by a South Carolina Army of Tennessee soldier home to his wife or mother. Information on South Carolina Confederate soldiers is notoriously sketchy. Very clean cover.  $300.00
AF227

CSA #12 (AD) (margin a little irregular at top and staining at the upper right) tied by two strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel used mid-January to mid-April 1864. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Elizabeth W. Chunn, Cassvill(e), Georgia. The cover was sent by Commissary Sergeant William A. Chunn (1840-1921) of Co I 40th Ga Inf, an Army of Tennessee unit, home to his wife. Very clean cover. $300.00
AF228

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel (ANV-08). Addressed to Miss Amy L. Drake, Anderson C.H., So. Carolina. Most likely from a South Carolina soldier writing home to his girl friend. Very clean cover. $100.00



PATRIOTICS

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Two very newly discovered CSA Patriotic Covers which at the present time represent the only two known CSA Patriotic covers used to a foreign destination during the Confederate period. Both covers are from the same correspondence with usage about one week apart. These two covers are the subject of an article ("Transatlantic CSA Patriotic Covers") which appeared in the June - September 2006 issue of the Confederate Philatelist journal. The first cover (PAT 138) was found in 2003, and the second (PAT 138A) was only discovered in January 2006 and is therefore offered here for sale for the very first time anywhere. (These two covers were previously sold but remain posted here for all to see since they are extremely important recent finds.  The first cover PAT138 currently resides in a major private collection.  The second cover PAT138A is currently part of a major Confederate Postal History exhibit.)
PAT138

CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-19 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 26 MAR 1861. There is a manuscript “DUE 24” in pencil across the top to assess the 24c Trans-Atlantic rate applied in Augusta at the time of mailing (an unnecessary mark as postage due was to be collected in England on delivery). Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 2 APR (1861). The date of the New York City mark was a Sunday in 1861, and there were no sailings on that date from New York. The only sailing compatible with this cover is from Boston on 3 APR 1861, so the cover must have been transferred to Boston by closed mail and then sailed on the Cunard Packet “Canada” arriving in Queenstown 15 APR (1861) and then arriving in Liverpool, England the next day. Manuscript 1/- applied to the cover in England indicating 1 Shilling Due for the Trans-Atlantic crossing. The Liverpool receiving mark is on the face of the cover dated 16 APR 1861. This cover was only very recently discovered in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only. The front was submitted to the PF for certification in 2003 and received PF Certificate #0394308. At the present time, this is one of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. The second cover (also a front) was very recently discovered in England and is from the same correspondence in March 1861 but a different flag design (offered for sale below as PAT 138A). This covers is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the PF Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
PAT138A

Overall CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-2 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 20 MAR 1861. Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 27 MAR (1861). This cover sailed on the Cunard British Packet "Arabia" which departed that date from New York. The Liverpool receiving mark is at the lower left dated 8 APR 1861. The prominent British manuscript “1/-” is quite apparent for the 1 shilling due on delivery. This cover was only very recently discovered in January 2006 in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only and is offered here for sale for the first time. The front was recently submitted to the CSA for certification and received CSA Certificate #4738. At the present time, this is the second of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. This cover is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the CSA Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
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PAT204

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin but with a little foxing and toning) tied by the Augusta, Ga CDS (date not full apparent). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in Black with Verse 2 (“On, on to the rescue, the Vandals are coming...”), Slogan 2 (“Confederate States of America”), and Imprint 11 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm’d”). Very coarse dark brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Joseph S. Thurman, Hamburg So. Ca. Care T. Reese. Cover with a little light foxing and very slightly reduced at the left.
$750.00
PAT322

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Dawson, Ga CDS 21 NOV 1861 (part of date logo inverted) addressed to Henry Williford, Paoli, Madsion Co., Ga. Stars and Bars (11-Star) Patriotic Cover F11-14 in full color. Most of backflap missing and an edge repair at bottom right center. The repair is quite unobtrusive giving the cover an overall very clean appearance. $1,500.00
PAT334



"5c Paid Fort Wright (Tennessee Care of Capt Cross)" in mansucript on a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Cover in Blue and Red Type JD-1C (11 Stars in the Flags and in the Sunburst) with Verse 53 ("When the tempest of war..."). Addressed to Mr. W. C. Hailey, Adamsville, Tenn. The cover is not dated, but the lettersheet with the cover is dated 25 JUN 1861. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-1B (7 Stars in the Flags and 10 Stars in the Sunburst). The lettersheet has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Fort Wright. Randolph, Tenn." This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Fort Wright, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. Alphonso Cross was the Captain of Company I at this time. This unit was one of the occupying units in Columbus, Kentucky beginning in September 1861. Fort Wright was not a listed CSA Tennessee post office but was located near the Randolph, Ten post office which most likely handled the cover. Short two page letter with some interesting content. A transcript of the letter is included. The cover has a partially restored top backflap and edge repairs at the right and bottom right not affecting the manuscripts. The lettersheet has some light period staining and foxing. The lettersheet with the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover. The two will only be sold together. $2,500.00 SOLD
PAT335



Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F11-8 with the "T" for "Tennessee" with Verse 20 ("Land of the South!..."). Handcarried outside the postal system "Politeness of Mr. McKenzie" to Mrs. M. Haley, Purdy, Tenn. With the cover is a Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Lettersheet in Black Type JD-11 (11 Stars in the Flags and 12 Stars in the Sunburst). This is an unlisted variety of the Jefferson Davis Medallion which clearly has 12 stars in the sunburst. The catalog currently does not list a 12-Star variety. The lettersheet also has a previously unrecorded Slogan "Camp Brown, Near Union City, Tennessee." The lettersheet further has Verse 28 ("Now round this gallant leader..."). This item is from the newly discovered 1861 Tennessee Haley (Hailey) Correspondence which was the subject of a The Confederate Philatelist (4th Quarter 2016) article. Click the title "Fort Wright and Camp Brown, Tennessee, Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets" by Conrad L. Bush if you wish to read the article (.pdf format). The article has all the details concerning the correspondence, Camp Brown, and Corp M. R. Haley (Hailey) of Co I 154th Tennessee Volunteers who was the sender of the cover and the letter. The 12 stars in the Jefferson Davis Medallion sunburst was initially overlooked in the original CP article. The letter is a two page fragment with at least one page missing and rough wear along the right edge. The only war reference in the letter fragment is: "…there is no news at present only they mounted the Bully Gun the other day it takes 28 (pounds) powder to load it carrys a ball 134 (pounds) weight its carriage alone which is cast iron weighed 14 tons…" The cover is a FRONT ONLY with repaired upper right ant left corners. The patriotic cover front and the lettersheet are still important items of Confederate Tennessee postal history. The lettersheet with the unlisted Jefferson Davis Medallion variety and the unrecorded slogan will not be separated from the cover front. The two will only be sold together. $1,800.00 SOLD
PAT337

Stars and Bars (12-Stars) Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in Black Type CN-1C with Verse 13 "Gather around your country's flag,..." Soldiers Due 10 with the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike of a Powell Type 6- postmark with an early 1863 date). Addressed to Mrs. Caroline Reece, Yadkin County, Boonvill(e) PO NC. Endorsed at bottom "private I. Reece, Co I 18th Regt NC Troops."  Private Ira Reece transferred into Co I 18th NC Inf 8/17/1862. He is listed as captutred as a POW at Charlestown, Va 10/16/1862 and confined for a short time at Fort McHenry before being exchanged 11/10/1862. He was discharged for disability (disease) 5/18/1863 not long after sending this cover home to his wife. Very clean cover with a very small expert repair to the left upper corner. $750.00
PAT338

Stars and Bars (7-Stars) Patriotic Cover Type F7-18 in full color. Columbia SC 25 JUN (most likely 1861) Handstamp PAID 5 Type I all in BLUE. Railroad address to M. W. Kenyon, Saint George (George's Station) SC RR (South Carolina Railroad). Moses W. Kenyon of St. George SC enlisted in Co D 3rd SC Battalion Light Artillery 11/14/1861. No further record. Cover with a filled-in erosion hole below the flag. Otherwise has a clean appearance. Ex-Kohn, Ex-Matz. $500.00
PAT339

Lynchburg, Va Soldiers Due 10 Handstamp (Type I) all in BLUE 10 MAY. Gen P. G. T. Beauregard Patriotic Cover Type MS-1 in RED. Addressed to John R. West, Hog Mountain, Geo. Soldiers endorsement at top "R. P. West, Co H, 35th Geo Regiment." Robert P. West enlisted as a private in Co H 35th Ga Infantry 9/24/1861 and was later promoted 3rd Sergt. He is listed as killed at Jericho Ford (Va) 5/23/1864. Cover is small but complete with a light vertical file fold at the right through the postmark and a little generalized light foxing. $850.00
PAT343

Stars and Bars (10-Stars) Patriotic Cover Type F10-3 in full color. Monterey, Va PAID 5 Type B 24 JUL (1861). Addressed to Wm Son Kelly Esqr., Hicksford, Va. Lady's cover with floral embossing around the edges. Missing top back flap and a little edge wear at the top and left center. Clean appearing cover. Patriotic lady's covers are not that commonly seen. $750.00
PAT371

Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in black Type  CN-1C (12-Stars) with Verse 13 (Gather around your country's flag...). Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. Jacob Arent, Spring Hill Forge, Lincoln Co. NC. Politeness of Mr. Helderman. The cover is undated, and there is no enclosure. The cover was sent by 3rd Lt William R. Arent of Co H 52nd NC Inf to his father. Lt Arent enetered service 3/25/1862. There were three soldiers named Helderman in the same Company H in 1862, one of whom carried the letter for Lt Arent when going home on furlough. A fairly common practice for soldiers to carry letters when going home on furlough. As a member of Heth's Division, Pettigrew's Brigade, the 52nd NC Inf was a Pickett's Charge regiment at Gettysburg. Lt Arent was wounded in the right leg and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He died of his wounds at the Gettysburg Hospital 8/6/1863. Very clean cover. $550.00
PAT373

CSA #5 (margin touches at lower right and the stamp has a heavy horizontal pre-affixing crease near the bottom but with decent color) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 24 MAY 1862. Large Mounted Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 with Verse 45 ("To arms! to arms! quick, be ready...) Addressed to Mr John ---- (cannot decipher the last name), Oak Hill, Newton County, Ga. Coarse brown paper Patriotic Cover with some cover faults professionally repaired at the left center and lower left corner. Scarce use of a 10c Rose Lithograph on a Patriotic Cover. Ex-Brandon. $1,000.00
PAT374

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in black with Verse 45 (To arms! to arms ! quick be ready..." Handcarried outside the postal system to Miss Mary E. McNeil in haste. Minor reduction on the right. $200.00

PAT379
7/3/2019
Stampless patriotic cover with a partlal strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 2a and handstamp PAID 5 Type E with an AUG 1861 date. Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F10-3 in full color. Addressed to Miss Nansey Bates, Wesobulga (Randolph County), Ala. Cover shows edge wear and some light staining with top back flap tears and some paper erosion on the front of the cover to the right of the address. Still quite a presentable example of a Stars and Bars patriotic cover in color. Ex-Bogg. Cover was once part of my original personal patriotic cover collection in the 1980's.$350.00

PAT380
8/22/2019
Stampless patriotic cover with the Yorktown, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C (also a manuscript "Paid") 3 SEP (1861). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F12-3 in full color. Addressed to Miss Sc. C. McGimsey, Morganton NC. Cover most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very Fine. PF Certificate 2005.$1,500.00

PAT381
9/5/2019
CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the Blue Richmond, Va CDS 30 MAY (1863) Powell Type 5b. This particular Richmond CDS in blue was only used 14 MAY - 3 JUN 1863. Light coarse paper 11-Star Flag Patriotic Cover in black Dietz Type F11-16 with Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag...”). Addressed to Mathias Barrier Esq, Mount Pleasant NC. Mathias Barrier (1803-1873) is listed in the 1860 census as a moderately wealthy farmer in Cabarrus County NC. His oldest son, William Lafayette Barrier (1834-1864), served as a private in Co F (Cabarrus Rangers) 1st NC Cav and was wounded at Gettysburg and wounded again at The Wilderness and died of his wounds in the hospital in Richmond on 5/17/1864. His second son, Rufus Alexander Barrier (1836-1876), entered service as Capt of Co H 8th NC Inf and was promoted Major and then Lt Col in July 1864. Capt Barrier was captured as a POW at Roanoke Island (NC) February 1862 and quickly paroled and later exchanged in August 1862. In August 1864, he is listed as wounded in the eye. The cover was most likely sent by Pvt William L. Barrier home to his father because the 1st NC Cav was in Virginia in May 1863 while the 8th NC Inf was in North Carolina at that time.  Slightly reduced at right affecting only a very small part of the address, otherwise Very Fine.$950.00

PAT382
9/5/2019
CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin and on the back used to seal the backflap, but the cover was slit open on the side, and the stamp shows no damage) tied to the reverse of the cover by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5a 11 JUN 1863. Patriotic Cover with large Flag Over Cannon design (12 Star Flag) Type CN-1C all in Black with Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag,...”). Addressed to Mrs. Georgia Ann Giles, Howard PO, Georgia. The cover was sent by Sergt Hardy H. Giles (entered service 5/8/1862) of Co F 59th Ga Inf home to his wife. The 59th Ga Inf was an ANV unit in Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corps. Sergt Giles was wounded in both thighs at Fussell's Mill (Va) 8/15/1864 during the Siege of Petersburg and died of his wounds at the Jackson Hospital in Richmond 8/17/1864 and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery. Very minor corner edge damage upper right and left and some very light water staining which do not detract. Very attractive patriotic cover. $1,000.00

PAT383
9/5/2019
CSA #6 Horz Pair (almost 4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 30 MAY 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-1C (12 Stars) in Black with Verse 39 (“stand firmly by your cannon...”) and Imprint 32 (Sold by Starke & Cordozo, Richmond”). Addressed to Mrs. P. F. Willis, Wrightsboro, Columbia Co., Ga. Cover most likely sent by Pvt Alonza D. Willis of Co H Cobb's Georgia Legion Infantry home to his wife Palatire M. Willis. At the time of this cover, the unit was in northern Virginia. The 1860 census lists Alonzo Willis’ occupation as “Overseer.” Clean cover with just a little edge wear. $1,150.00



UNUSED CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC COVERS

PAT348

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. Very Fine. $225.00
PAT349

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. Very Fine. $225.00
PAT350

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-3 Unused. The stars are embossed. Very Fine. $250.00
PAT351

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-16 Unused. Very Fine. $200.00
PAT354

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (8-Stars) Type F8-2 Unused. Very Fine. Signed by Brian Green. $225.00
PAT356

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (10-Stars) Type F10-3 Unused. Very Fine. $125.00
PAT357

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Very Fine. $150.00
PAT359

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Type F11-3 Unused. Imprint 23 "R. Coburn, Bookseller, N.O." (New Orleans) Very Fine. $150.00
PAT362

Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-3 Unused. Verse 5 "Bright Banner of Freedom...", Imprint 17 "Manufactured by W. & J. Bonitz, Goldsboro, N.C." $100.00
PAT366

Overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) type X-1 Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $75.00
PAT367

South Carolina Palmetto Flag Patriotic Cover Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $50.00
PAT368

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $75.00
PAT369

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (11-Stars) Unused. Believed to be of Southern origin but this design is not known with Confederate postal use. Very Fine. $75.00
PAT375

Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover (7-Stars) Type F7-16 Unused. Very Fine. $200.00



RAILROADS

RR33

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel with a light but legible strike of the Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS to the left (date not fully apparent). Very clean cover which is not from the Rives Correspondence but is addressed instead to Major Wm S. Dabney, Charlottesville, Va. The addressee was not associated with the CSA Army but was a prominent planter in the Charlottesville area.
$250.00
RR39

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with a small upper sheet margin tied by a somewhat blurry strike of the oval Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) postmark (date not apparent). The original letter remains with the cover datelined /“Wartrace, Tenn March 18, 1863.” The cover is from the Thompson Correspondence addressed to A. W. Thompson Esq, Jefferson PO Chesterfield Dist SC. From other letters in the correspondence, the sender was Private A. W. Thompson, Co C, 6th Ark Inf. In the letter Private Thompson is asking his father to enquire into the possibility of his transferring to a South Carolina unit in Adams Run SC and to followup with Capt Hough (Capt Hough’s Company Co K 6th SC Cav) as he had received no reply to his transfer request. Included with this group is a short letter from Capt Hough datelined “Adams Run March 13th 63” which is his reply. In this letter, Capt Hough outlines how complex such a transfer would be and and that basically the transfer would be impossible at this time. Private Thompson never received a transfer and remained with his unit subsequently receiving a severe wound at the Battle of Atlanta 7/22/1864 and did not survive the war. The cover is clean and complete. The letters are very legible as Private Thompson was very literate and wrote detailed letters. $500.00
RR40

CSA #2 Paterson (very faulty stamp with the left upper quarter of the stamp missing) tied by a much better than average strike of the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark FEB 9 1863. The original letter from the Thompson Correspondence remains with the cover datelined “Wartrace, Tenn Feb 2, 1863” and addressed to A. W. Thompson, Catarrh PO Chesterfield Dist SC. From other letters in the correspondence, the sender was Private A. W. Thompson, Co E, 6th Ark Inf. In the letter, Private Thompson gives details of the Battle of Murfreesboro (12/31/62-1/1/1863) “...my regiment lost 25 men killed at the battle of Murfreesboro...my last colonel was mortally wounded and taken prisoner...” In the letter he also requests that his father help him in getting a transfer to a South Carolina unit. Private Thompson was hospitlized in Knoxville 10/31/1863 - 12/31/1863. He served on detached duty as a police guard in the city of Knoxville in January 1863 before rejoining his regiment on 2/1/1863. He did not particiate in the Battle of Murfreesboro. He never received a transfer as he wanted but remained with his unit subsequently receiving a severe wound at the Battle of Atlanta 7/22/1864 and did not survive the war. Cover is clean with edge and corner wear and the faulty stamp. The letter is quite legible as Private Thompson was very literate and wrote detailed letters. $350.00
RR44

Soldiers “Due 10” (ms) with the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Bolling Hall, Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at upper left “J. E. Hall Lt Company E 2nd Batt Ala Legion.” Bolling Hall was a prominent planter citizen of Montgomery, Ala who had sons in the Confederate Army. John E. Hall was his third son who enlisted in 1861 at age 19. The unit in the endorsement was Hilliard’s Alabama Legion which was dissolved in November 1863 with parts of the Legion incorporated into the 60th Ala Inf and the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (later promoted Captain) with his two brothers, Bolling Jr and Crenshaw, continued service in the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (1842-1882) is listed as wounded at Petersburg (Va) in 1864. Very clean cover. $500.00
RR48

CSA #12 (AD) (4-margin) tied by an excellent strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Clean orange paper cover with a faded address to Laurens CH SC. $350.00
RR50

CSA #11d (AD) Bluish-Green (more green than blue) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Railroad address to Mrs. Genl Corse Care of  Dr. Radford, Central Depot, Va & Ten RR. Cover from one stop on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad to another. Central Depot was in Virginia about halfway between Lynchburg and Bristol. The address is in the hand of CSA Brig-Gen Montgomery Dent Corse (1816-1895) to his wife and therefore contains the General's indirect signature. General Corse commanded a brigade in Pickett's Division but was on detached duty during Gettysburg and did not take part in that battle. He was captured as a POW with several other generals at Sayler's Creek (Va) 4/6/1865 and was confined for a time at Fort Warren. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp associated with a Confederate general. Ex Hart, Ex Werner, and with a Brian Green notation on the back. $900.00
RR51

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (margin touches at the left) tied by the usual partial strike of the dateless Bristol V & T RR  (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Cover dates to April 1864 by period docketing at the left. Addressed to Hon Jas H. Witherspoon, Lancasterville SC who was a local judge and magistrate. The docketing at the left indicates that the original contents, which are no longer with the cover, were from Genl Kershaw who was a South Carolinian and a lawyer and politician before the war. Cover shows some minor light foxing. $350.00
RR54

CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin and appears to be on London paper. Unobtrusive surface scrape on the bottom stamp) tied by an excellent strike of the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark JUN 7 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. A. Cole, Sheffield PO, Fayette County, Alabama. $500.00
RR56

Stampless PAID (no rate) with the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark with an APR 1863 date partially struck off the cover at the lower left. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. E. D. McDaniel, Camden, Ala. Very clean cover $400.00

-


PRISONER OF WAR

Libby Prison Richmond, Va Post War Photo.
POW128

Inside South-to-North Throuth-the-Lines POW Cover which originated in Charleston SC. Endorsed at left “Prisoner of War Letter Charleston SC” and “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. Union Annapolis, Md double ring CDS and Target with handstamp “Due 6” dated 20 OCT 1864.  Flag of Truce Boat most likely skipped Fortress Monroe and went on up to Annapolis where the cover entered the Federal mail system.  Blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Samuel B. Talpey, Lynn, Mass.  Cannot identify who sent the cover as there is no Union soldier listed as a POW named Talpey.  Backflap opening tear and professional edge and corner repairs to a Very Fine appearance.  Unusual POW usage Ex-Kohn, Ex-Walske. $750.00
POW129

South-to-North cover from Thomaston, Ga to POW at Camp Douglas, Ill.  Cover originated in Thomaston, Ga with the Thomaston, Ga CDS (date not fully apparent) and manuscript “Paid 10” for the CSA postage.  Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James F. White, Co B 55 Ga Regt, Barracks No 12, Camp Douglas, Ill and routed through Richmond, Va.  The Federal postage was paid with a USA #65 stamp also tied by a second strike of the same Thomaston, Ga CDS which shows that the stamp was applied to the cover by the sender in Georgia.  No Union postal markings.  Very unusual to see a POW cover with the Federal stamp canceled only by the CSA postmark. “By Flag of Truce” at left.  Manuscript “Ex” and pencil notation on the contents “$10 Confederate Money” and “$1 US Banknote.” Additional manuscript notation “Can’t be found.”  Most of Co B 55th Ga Inf was captured at Cumberland Gap, Ten in 1863 and sent to Camp Douglas. But there is no James F. White recorded on the roster of the 55th Ga Inf, and he apparently could not be found at the prison.  So uncertain of the soldier’s actual fate due to lack of records.  Cover clean but shows some edge and corner wear.  Ex-Walske. $1,250.00
POW134

South-to-North POW Folded Letter complete originating from the the Roper Hospital in Charleston SC.  Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Day, Vassalboro Browns Corner, Maine.  “Via Flag of Truce” at lower left. There are no postal markings and no examiner’s marks.  Letter was handcarried outside the postal system to its final destination at least from the transfer point or perhaps from Charleston itself through the transfer point very likely carried by an exchanged prisoner returning home.  Another explanation is that it may have been an inner cover with the outer envelope discarded at the transfer point.  But most likely it never entered the mails at all.  The letter was sent by Capt John R. Day 3rd Maine Inf to his wife. The letter is a complete one page POW letter written on blue lined notebook paper which has been transcribed.  The letter is datelined “C. S. Mill Prison Charleston Aug 10 (`1864).”  In the letter, Capt Day states that the officers were removed from Libby Prison in Richmond to Macon, Ga on May 7th (1864) (Camp Oglelthorpe for Officers in Macon) and that they just arrived in Charleston on the day of the letter (Aug 10, 1864).  The officers transferred from Camp Oglethorpe were held at the Roper Hospital in Charleston.  These officers are sometimes referred to as the Union 600 as the housing of these Union officers in Charleston presumably under fire prompted the Union retaliation known as the Immortal 600.  The Union officer POWs did not remain long in Charleston as they were transferred in October 1864 to Camp Sorghum in Columbia SC.  So Capt Day had quite an odyssey as a POW.  John R. Day (1836-1889) entered service as a 2nd Lieut in Co H 3rd Me Inf 6/4/1861.  He was subsequently promoted 1st Lieut and Capt.  He was captured at Gum Springs (Va) 6/20/1863 (a minor action in Fairfax County). He remained confined at those various prisons until exchanged in late 1864.  Galen Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital.  Despite its name, the Roper Hospital acted as a standard prison and did not care for sick or wounded POWs.  Very Fine item. $750.00
POW145

South-to-North POW Cover addressed to Mr. Wm Piper, Prisoner of War, Point Lookout, Maryland. USA #65 with a cork cancel and the Union Old Point Comfort, Va 16 JAN (1865) postmark at the lower left. This is the inside envelope bearing the Union postage. The outer envelope with the Confederate postage would have been discarded at the transfer point. Period docketing in red “Oct 23, 1864 B. S. Allen Chaffins Farm, Va” would refer to the original contents with the letter date and the sender. The large manuscript “P” at the lower left is very likely an examiner’s mark which is not identified. The POW was Private William Piper Co A 23rd Ten Inf who was captured in June 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg. Private Brackenridge S. Allen was a member of the same company. The cover most likely represents Private Allen sending a letter to his POW friend far from home. The two side flaps are missing as well as the bottom backflap. The top backflap is intact, so the item is a bit more than a front and is very clean. Ex-Bogg. $350.00
POW150

Through-the-Lines North-to-South POW cover from Johnson’s Island to Shelby Springs, Alabama with the Richmond, Va Powell Type 6q CDS 23 JAN (1865) and handstamp “Due 10” Type IV. This is an inside envelope obviously folded at the edges to fit inside another envelope of slightly smaller size with the outer envelope containing the Union postage and discarded at the transfer point. Endorsed at top “From Lt Mc Glasscock Prisoner of War” with notation “via Flag Truce” at lower left. Addressed to Col John F. Conoley, Shelby Springs, Alabama. The addressee was the Colonel of the 29th Alabama Infantry. The POW sending the cover was 2nd Lieut Macabees Glasscock (1823-1902) of Co B (Blount County Hornets) 29th Ala Inf. Lieut Glasscock entered service as a Sergeant on 9/22/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 7/31/1862. He was captured as a POW at the Battle of Nashville on 12/15/1864 (the last major engagement of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and held as a POW at Louisville before being transferred four days later to Johnson’s Island. He was released from prison 6/16/1865 and subsequently after the war relocated to Texas. Very Fine inside POW cover. $500.00
POW155

USA #65 (minor faults) with a Target Cancel and a partial strike of the Columbus, Ohio CDS 28 AUG (1863). Cover from the well-known Bullock Correspondence originating at the Ohio State Penitentiary Prison from Major Robert S. Bullock to his wife Mrs. Mary F. Bullock Care Revd John G. Simsall. Robert S, Bullock was major of the 8th Ky Cav (CSA) attached to Gen John Hunt Morgan’s command. He was captured as a POW at Buffington Island, Ohio 7/20/1863 during Morgan’s Raid into Ohio. Gen Morgan himself was captured a few days later on 7/26/1863. Major Bullock was first confined at Johnsons Island but was transferred to Columbus, Ohio on 8/1/1863 with Morgan and other officers from Morgan’s units. On 3/25/1864, Gen Morgan and six others from his command escaped from the Ohio State Penitentiary, but Major Bullock was not one of the escapees. Instead he was transferred to Fort Delaware where he remained until the end of the war. The cover bears the examiner’s mark in red ink at the left “Examined W. A. Judkins ADC.” W. A. Judkins was a 1st Lt in the 52nd Ohio Volunteers. The Lexington Ky address was in Union territory, so the cover did not cross the lines. Galen Harrison records 43 covers from the Ohio State Penitentiary Prison. Sealed backflap opening tears but otherwise a very clean cover. CSA Certificate 2009 which states “Genuine” but incorrectly identifies the sender as Major John H. Bullock instead of Robert S. Bullock $550.00
POW156

North-to-South through-the-lines POW cover from Johnsons Island with USA #65 (minor faults) paying the Union postage Sandusky, Ohio Target 8 MAY 1864. Cover crossed the lines at Fortress Monroe with “Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va” at lower left. Cover taken to Richmond where a partial strike of a Richmond, Va Powell Type 6- CDS was applied over the Union postmarks with the handstamp “Due 10” Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at upper left “E. A. Holt Lt 38th Ala Regt Prisoner of War Johnsons Island.” Addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shephard Care of Hinson and Holt, Mobile, Ala. On arrival in Mobile, the Mobile, Ala handstamp “10” Type F was applied as a receiving mark. Period notation on the reverse indicates that the cover was received 19 JUN 1864 and is the 4th one received. Lt Holt was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and confined at Johnsons Island until released in June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. The Johnsons Island prison held mainly CSA officers, and the 38th Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. “Ex DSA” in manuscript at top which are the examining initials of DeAlva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Vols. Very clean cover. $1,000.00
POW166

USA #65 with a cork cancel and no postmark. POW address to Thomas G. Read, Co E Ninth Division Care of Maj Brady, Pt Lookout, Maryland. The addressee was Pvt Thomas Griffin Read (1836-1895) of Co I 33rd Va Inf. This regiment was part of the fame Stonewall Brigade. Pvt Read enlisted 7/11/1861 and is listed as captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 9/19/1864. He was confined at Point Lookout until exchanged 3/15/1865 and received his final parole at New Market, Va 4/20/1865. “Co E Ninth Division” in the address refers to a prison designation. Maj Brady mentioned in the address was Union Major Allen G. Brady who was the Provost Marshall of the prison in the final months of the war. Manuscript “L” is an examiner’s mark identified by Galen Harrison as having been used in JAN 1865, but the name of the examiner is not known. The cover would most likely have originated somewhere in Virginia from a family member of the POW with the outer envelope paying the CSA postage to the transfer point. This would be an inside cover with the Union stamp already affixed and then canceled at the transfer point where the outer envelope was discarded and the inside cover sent on to the prison. The cork cancel is consistent with the type of cancels used at Old Point Comfort at this time. Very Fine. $250.00
POW167

USA #65 (4-Margin) tied by a geometric cork cancel with the matching small double ring Old Point Comfort, Va CDS 8 MAR. Manuscript “Flag of Truce” at upper left. Addressed to Mr. Mark A. Hardin, Prisoner of War, Ft Warren, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. This is an inside South-to-North cover which from the correspondence is known to have originated in Kingston, Ga with the outside cover discarded at the transfer point. Manuscript “Exd” shows that the contents were examined at the transfer point. Mark A. Hardin was from a prominent Georgia family in Kingston and was commissioned Captain in the 1st Ga Cav. Records show that he was captured on 4/23/1863 by Union naval personnel on a blockade runner while attempting to run the blockade. He was sent to Fort Warren as a naval prisoner where he remained until the end of the war. There is no record of any significant service with the 1st Ga Cav other than his commission as Captain of Co H, so his service with that unit must have been brief and not associated with his capture. Very Fine cover.  $350.00
POW168

USA #65 Target Cancel with the matching Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 8 JAN 1865. Orange paper POW cover from the Johnson’s Island prison to Miss Georgie C. Woods Care of B. B. Cheatham Esqr, Nashville, Tenn. Oval Prisoner’s Letter Examined CSB handstamp Type A from Johnson’s Island. Cover from an unidentified CSA POW at Johnson’s Island, most likely a Tennessee soldier (officer) writing home to a friend or relative. This is not a through-the-lines cover as Nashville was Union occupied early in the war. Ink stain at right edge. $150.00
POW169

USA #U34 Postal Stationery with a fancy geometric cork cancel (Union) and the matching Old Point Comfort, Va double ring CDS 25 JAN (1864). Inside South-to-North POW cover which originated at Libby Prison in Richmond. Endorsed at top “From Lieut Jno C. Roney, Prisoner of War, Richmond, Va Jany 4th 64.” Addressed to Miss H. M. Roney, Newark, Ohio. No examiners’s mark on the inside envelope. The original one page prisoner’s letter to his aunt remains and is datelined “Libby Prison Richmond Va Jany 4th 1864.” Letter states he has been a prisoner for eight months and his health is good and he is hoping to be exchanged. John C. Roney enlisted as a Corporal 4/27/1861 in Co H 3rd Ohio Inf and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 8/19/1862 and promoted 1st Lieut 1/1/1863. He is listed as captured as a POW at Rome, Ga 5/3/1863 (along with most of the regiment) and confined at Libby Prison until moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was released at Wilmington NC 3/5/1865. Very Fine POW Cover and Letter. $1,250.00
POW170

USA #65 Target Cancel and matching Union Port Royal SC double ring CDS 17 SEP 1864. This is a POW cover originating at the Roper Hospital in Charlston. The cover was exchanged through Confederate Pocotalogo SC and Union Port Royal SC and sent on to Mrs. George Kies, West Killingly, Conn. Period notation at left “Prisoners Letter Lt George Kies Charleston SC. Stewart L. Woodford Lt Col 127 NY Agent of Exchange (Union).” Pencil manuscript “Examined.” George Kies entered service as 2nd Lt Co K 18th Conn Inf 8/10/1862 and was promoted 1st Lt 8/18/1862. He was captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 6/15/1863, initially confined at Libby Prison before moved to Macon, Charleston, and Columbia as part of the “Union 600.” He was paroled at Camp Asylum, Columbia SC 12/10/1864. Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital. Stewart Lyndon Woodford (1835-1913) entered service as Lt Col of the 127th NY Inf on 9/1/1862. He was promoted Col of the 103rd Conn Inf on 3/5/1865 and Breveted a Brig-Gen on 5/12/1865 before resigning the service 8/23/1865. POW covers exchanged through Pocotaligo and Port Royal are decidedly uncommon. Cover has a very minor reduction at left not affecting anything and a little edge staining top and right. Otherwise a Very Fine and scarce through-the-lines POW cover. $1,250.00
POW171

North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from the Elmira NY Prison with a USA #65 tied by the Elmira NY double ring CDS 28 NOV 1864. The "Prisoner Letter Examined" oval handstamp of the Elmira Prison is on the face of the cover. Addressed to Mr. John W. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va by the way of Washington and Richmond by flag of truce. Endorsed at left "S. Baugh pvt 63rd Tenn." Cover transitted Richmond and received the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike blended with the other markings) and the Richmond "DUE 10" Type P handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Records on Confederate Tennessee soldiers are notoriously sketchy to non-existant. Could find nothing on this particular soldier. The Elmira Prison was put into use in July 1864. In late 1864, the 63rd Ten Inf was with the ANV, so Private Baugh was most likely captured somewhere in Virginia in late 1864. Very Fine POW Cover. $450.00
POW172

North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from Point Lookout, Md Prison with a USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the matching Point Lookout, Md CDS dated in OCT 1864.  "Prisoner's Letter Examined" handstamp Type B. Addressed to Miss Julia S. Hamrick, Mt Sidney PO, Augusta County, Virginia. "By Flag of Truce" at the top. Cover went by way of Richmond, Va and received only a very partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS (no date) which also ties the stamp and the Richmond "Due 10" handstamp Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at left "From H. L. Hamrick Co C 5th Va Infantry Point Lookout, Md." Private Hamrick from Staunton, Va had an interesting war career. He enlisted in Co C 5th Va Inf on 3/15/1862. He is listed as wounded in the head at Cedar Mountain (Va) 8/9/1862 but recovered and returned to his unit in December 1862. He was wounded a second time (in the hand) at Chancellorsville 5/3/1863 and captured as a POW. He was confined in Washington DC until exchanged in July 1863. He was wounded yet a third time (in the hand) at Payne's Farm (Va) 11/27/1863 and spent some time in the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond before retunring to his unit in February 1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Martinsburg WV 6/15/1864 and confined at Point Lookout. He was released (very likely exchanged) 3/17/1865 and was finally paroled 5/1/1865. He died in 1927. He undoubtedly had many very interesting stories to tell his grandchildren. Very clean cover. Notation on the back of the cover by VanDyk MacBride. $450.00
POW175

This is the inside cover from the Union prison at Fort Pulaski (Savannah, Ga). The cover is from a documented "Immortal 600" correspondence endorsed at the upper right "Capt H. W. Horne 3rd NC Regt Prisoner of War" with "Pr Flag of Truce Via Charleston SC." The cover did not go through Charleston but apparently was taken directly to Savannah, Ga where it entered the Confederate mail with the Savannah, Ga "Stars" CDS 8 NOV (1864) and (Due) "10" handstamp. Orange paper cover addressed to Fayetteville, N. Carolina. Capt Henry W. Horne of Co C 3rd NC Inf was wounded at Sharpsburg (Md) 9/17/1862. He was captured as a POW at Spotsylvania CH (Va) 5/12/1864 and confined at Fort Delaware until transferred to Morris Island in Charleston Harbor in late August 1864 as a member of the Immortal 600 arriving on or about September 7, 1864. As an Immortal 600 POW at Morris Island, Capt Horne was under fire from the Confederate batteries in Charleston from early September 1864 until the prisoners were transferred to Fort Pulaski on or about October 21, 1864. Capt Horne was then relocated to Hilton Head SC November 19, 1864 and then returned to Fort Delaware March 12, 1865. He was released June 6, 1865. This cover is dated 8 NOV (1864) during his brief time at Fort Pulaski, but there is no enclosure. No censor mark which is not uncommon for these covers. A very similar cover from the same correspondence from Capt Horne when he was at Hilton Head SC routed through Charleston is illustrated in Harrison's POW book. The story of the Immortal 600 is well known. Harrison lists only 24 covers from Fort Pulaski, but this cover most likely is not one of the 24 listed as it comes from an old collection and was not identified as an Immortal 600 cover until now. Very Fine Cover. $1,000.00
POW177

North-to-South Through-the-Lines POW Cover from the Point Lookout, Md Prison with a USA #65 tied by a Target cancel with the matching Washington DC double ring postmark to pay the Union postage 2 DEC 1863. Large oval APPROVED handstamp from Point Lookout Type A (October 1863 - April 1864). A CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) was affixed to pay the CSA postage. Routing instruction at the lower left "Via Flag of Truce Richmond & Fortress Monroe." On arrival in Richmond, the CSA stamp was tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 12 DEC (1863) and the cover sent on its way to the addressee. Addressed to Mrs. Angelina Bouldin, Drakes Branch, Charlotte Co., Virginia. The POW who sent the cover is not identified. The only Boudlin from Virginia that I could find who was a POW at Point Lookout at this time and who may have sent the cover to a relative was Private Nathan H. Bouldin of Co F 57th Va Inf. This unit was part of Armistead's Brigade at Gettysburg and was a Pickett's Charge unit. Private Bouldin was wounded and captured as a POW 7/3/1863 at Gettysburg (Pickett's Charge) and confined at Point Lookout 10/13/1863 until exchanged 3/16/1864. He was captured a second time as a POW at Five Forks (Va) 4/1/1865 and confined at Hart's Island NY until released. Angelina Bouldin of Drake's Branch, Va had a grandson, John E. Bouldin, who served in the 14th Va Cav but was never a POW. Needs further research. This is also a Turned Cover with an inside use with the BLUE Drakes Branch, Va CDS 6 APR and a manuscript "Paid 10." The inside use is addressed to Miss Drusilla W. Redd, Macfarland's PO, Lunenburg Co., Virginia. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise a Very Fine Cover. This is the only through-the-lines POW cover that I can recall ever seeing with an additional inside turned use. $1,000.00
POW178

USA #65 tied by the Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS 23 APR 1864 North-to-South Johnson's Island POW Cover. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Louisa Y. Jones, Cartersville, Bartow County, Georgia. Endorsed at upper left “From Capt T. F. Jones 16th Ga Batt.” Manuscript at lower left “For Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe & City Point, Va.” Manuscript “Ex R” of the unidentified Johnson’s Island examiner. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6m 13 MAY (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type P to assess the CSA postage. Capt Thomas Franklin Jones first served as an officer in the 14th Ga Inf but resigned in Oct 1861. He later joined the 16th Ga Cavalry Battalion which was a Partisan Ranger unit formed in the summer of 1862 and operated mainly in East Tennessee and Western Virginia. Capt Jones was captured as a POW at Blountsville, Ten 9/22/1863 and confined at Johnson’s Island until his release 3/22/1865. The letter is addressed to his wife whom he married in 1860. Johnson’s Island housed only CSA officers. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $600.00
POW179

USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel and the Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS 27 JUL (1864) North-to-South Johnson's Island POW Cover. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Sarah F. Jones, Spring Garden PO, Pittsylvania Cty, Virginia. Endorsed at upper left "Geo W. Jones Lt Co I 18th Va Regt." Manuscript at lower left "By Flag of Truce Care of the Comd Officer Fortress Monroe." Manuscript examiner's marking. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6l 13 AUG (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type P to assess the CSA postage. George Washington Jones (1832-1910) mustered into Co I 18th Va Inf 4/24/1861 as a 2nd Lieut and promoted 1st Lieut 4/26/1862. As a member of Garnett's Brigade of Pickett's Division, the 18th Va Inf was a Pickett's Charge unit at Gettysburg. Lieut Jones was wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He was confined at Johnson's Island until exchanged 3/14/1865. Johnson’s Island housed only CSA officers. Very Fine. $600.00
POW180

USA Postal Stationery #U34 3c Pink with Grid Cancel (Prison Bars) and the Columbus, O(hio) CDS 20 MAR (1862). POW Cover from a Confederate prisoner in Camp Chase most likely to a friend or relative in New York City (not through-the-lines). Addressed to Edwin C. Estes Esqr, Commission Merchant, New York City. At top left "From F. W. Keyes 20th Miss Regt Prisoner of War." At lower left "Examined A S Ballard Major 74th OV (Ohio Volunteers) Camp Chase." Francis W. Keyes (1836-1875) entered service as 1st Lt of Co C 20th Miss Inf on 6/1/1861. He was soon promoted Captain. He was captured as a POW along with his regiment and brigade at Fort Donelson (Tennessee) 2/16/1862. He was imprisoned for seven months and then exchanged with his unit. After exchange, the 20th Miss Inf later served with the Army of Tennessee. No further war record of Capt Keyes other than the fact that he is known to have married in 1864 and died of disease in 1875. Records of Mississippi Civil War soldiers are notriously sketchy. Small period ink stain at left center and back flap opening tears but still an exceptionally clean cover. Ex- Brian Green with his notation on the back. PF Certificate 2014. $400.00
POW181

CSA #12 (AD) (the stamp is soiled and a bit faulty) which appears to be lightly pen-cancelled and original to the cover. Very unusual South-to-North through-the-lines cover from Georgia to the prison at Elmira NY. This is not an inside or outside envelope but a single envelope that made the entire journery from Georgia to the prison. Across the bottom is a faded postal manuscript "Harmony Grove, Ga Dec 14 (1864)." The CSA stamp, therefore, paid the postage from Harmony Grove (Jackson County) to the transfer point. Cover addressed to Sergt D. M. Morgan, Elmira NY Prison Camp Ward 29. At the lower left is a period notation "enclosed you will find five cents postage" presumably to pay the Federal postage from the transfer point to the prison. Notation at the top states "$1 U.S. Curr" referring to the contents. The cover reached the prison as there is an "Ex" examiner's manuscript mark at the top right near the stamp and also a faded notation diagonally across the center of the cover "Dead." The "Ex" could have been applied at either the prison or more likely at the transfer point as the cover would have been opened and examined in order to obtain the Federal postage. The "Dead" mark is clearly from the prison. In addition, this is a University of Georgia Athens College Cover (CC GA-15b in blue) which is the only Confederate College Cover that I am aware of used as a POW cover through-the-lines to a Federal prison. Cover is complete and only shows a little edge and corner wear.

Daniel M. Morgan from Jackson County, Georgia, enlisted as a private in Co C 18th Ga Inf 4/30/1861. He was promoted 2nd Sergt in 1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at Cold Harbor (Va) 6/1/1864 and confined at the Elmira NY prison. He died of disease while a prisoner on 1/29/1865 and is buried in the Woodlawn National Cemetery in Elmira NY. Cover was posted December 14, 1864 from Sergt Morgan's home in Harmony Grove, Jackson County, Georgia and arrived at the prison some time after he died about six weeks later.
$1,500.00
POW182
7/7/2019
USA #65 tied by two strikes partially struck off the cover of the Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 24 MAR 1865 from the Johnson's Island prison with a full strike of the oval Johnson's Island Prisoner's Letter Examined G.S.B. (Corporal George S. Brown 128th Ohio Volunteers) handstamp Type A. Addressed to Miss M. E. Fearn, Hunters Bottom, Milton, Ky (not through-the-lines). The original one page prisoner's letter remains with the cover addressed to the POW's cousin and concerns the POW's pending exchange (written very near the end of the war and an exchange did not take place). The letter is signed only "Your Affectionate Cousin." with no name. However, a photocopy of another letter in the same correspondence which accompanies the cover identifies the prisoner who sent the letter as James B. Gordon. Very clean appearing POW cover with a missing top back flap and a little edge wear across the top. Included with the cover and letter in addition to the photocopy of another letter in the correspondence is some information on Lieut Jordan.

James Bell Jordan (1839-1899) entered service as 1st Lieutenant Co D 26th NC Inf 5/29.1861 and was soon transferred to Field and Staff as the regimental adjutant. He was severely wounded in the hip at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 (Pickett's Charge as the 26th NC Inf was part of Pettigrew's Brigade) and captured as a POW. He was hospitalized initially at Gettysburg and spent the remainder of the war in confinement at David's Island in New York Harbor (July 1863), Johnson's Island (September 1863 - March 1865). Point Lookout (March 1865), Fort Delaware April - June 1865). Released after taking the Oath of Allegiance June 12, 1865. Lieut Jordan married Mattie Fearn, the addressee, in 1868. Even though the letters state to his cousin, she was probably not truly a cousin but the salutation was used to make it appear that the letter was being sent to a relative to conform to the rules of POW letters. In 1876, they relocated to Florida where he became a tax collector and a clerk of the district court in DeLand, Florida. The archive of Lieut Jordan's wartime POW letters (about 20 letters with covers) to his future wife was sold by Heritage Auctions in 2007 as a single unit. This cover and letter were part of that archive, so it appears that the archive has since been broken down and sold as individual items.
$450.00
POW183
7/7/2019
USA #65 with a target cancel and the Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 20 SEP 18964. Cover is from the Johnson's Island prison with manuscript "Ex FWR" (Pvt Frank W. Rittman 128th Ohio Volunteers). Addressed to Miss Virginia J. Miller, 246 F. Street, Washington City DC (not through-the-lines). The original one page prisoner's letter remains with the cover datelined "Hospital Johnson's Island Sept 18th 1864" to "My Dear Friend." The letter is signed J. F. Sessions. and deals with prison life and some news of mutual friends. Both the cover and the letter are Very Fine.

Joseph F. Sessions (1837-1870) was reportedly a doctor but served in a non-medical capacity as Captain of Co K 18th Miss Inf entering service in May 1861. Cannot find out very much about him as Mississippi Civil War soldier's records are notoriously sketchy. The 18th Miss Inf was an ANV unit. He states in his letter (Sept 1864) that he has been a prisoner for 16 months. That would indicate that he was captured either at Chancellorsville or Gettysburg. And he was apparently working as a doctor at the Johnson's Island prison hospital. Did find a reference that he was wounded several times prior to his capture but am unable to confirm that. Do not know when he was released. He died in 1870 at age 33 (not married), but circumstances of his death are not recorded. Cover and letter certainly bear further research.
$500.00
Contemporary CDV of Libby Prison in Richmond, Va 1864. The CSA second national flag is flying from the top of the prison. The figures at the bottom right are two civilian men with a child between them and a Confederate officer in uniform with what appears to be a slave holding the officer's horse.
Enlargement of the figures showing the Confederate officer with the slave holding the horse.



BLOCKADE

BLK23

Incoming Blockade Cover from New York City to Aiken SC via Nassau, Bahamas and Charleston SC -- The original letter remains with the cover dated New York City 19 Aug 1864. The cover arrived in Charleston SC on 3 DEC 1864 with the application of the small double circle Charleston SC CDS on that date. Records show that the blockade runner Laurel arrived in Charleston from Nassau on that date. Period receiving docketing at the left indicates that the letter was received 3 DEC 1864 and the sender’s name was Mrs. J. D. Parkinson. The full address is to The Revd J. H. Cornish, Aiken, South Carolina. Manuscript “12” in pencil indicating 10cts due for inland CSA postage plus 2cts ship rate with no SHIP or STEAM-SHIP handstamp. The cover is listed as BI-Ch-75 on Page 248 of the Walske-Trepel book. However, in the book the name of the addressee was misread as “McCormick.” Cover shows a little edge wear and part of the backflap is missing. Still a very fine inbound Charleston blockade cover with the original letter confirming the point of origin. $1,600.00
BLK25

Incoming Blockade Cover from London, England to Staunton, Virginia via Charleston. Folded Letter complete (business) datelined in London 1 JUN 1864. “Via Bermuda” at upper left. Cover entered the CSA at Charleston receiving the Charleston SC CDS 29 JUN (1864) and the oval STEAMSHIP handstamp (Type B) with manuscript “12” in blue pencil (2c ship fee plus 10c inland CSA delivery fee) and then sent on to Virginia. Addressed to W. J. Hull Esq Care of Honbl L. P. Thompson, Staunton, Virginia. Cover is listed in Walske-Trepel as BI-Ch-57 carried into Charleston by the blockade runner Druid. Folded letter has some fold separations and some edge faults with a central vertical file fold. Still a very decent presentable blockade cover. $1,500.00
BLK26

Handcarried and undated Blockade Cover with no postal markings addressed to Mrs. C. L. Burckmyer Care Messer Fraser Trenholm & Co, Liverpool, England. Envelope No 10 from the well-known Burckmyer Blockade Correspondence between Charleston SC and Liverpool, England. Photocopy of the original letter held in the South Carolina archives is included. $350.00
BLK27

Incoming Blockade Cover through Bermuda into Wilmington NC and on to Wetumpka, Ala. Cov is from the known Lull Corrspondence addressed to Mrs. S. G. Lull, Wetumpka, Ala Care Messers DeRosset Brown & Co Wilmington NC. Cover received the Wilmington NC CDS dated 10 JAN (1864) and the handstamp SHIP with "12" manuscript indicating 12c due (10c for the inland CSA delivery plus 2c ship fee). Excellent strikes of the postal markings. "Presto" manuscript at upper left corner which is the name of the blockade runner that carried the cover. Very clean cover with just a little minor nibbling at the left center edge which does not detract from the overall appearance. There is no enclosure, so the precise origin of the cover is not known. This cover is listed as BI-WM-52 in the Walske-Trepel Census. Part of backflap missing, otherwise a Very Fine incoming Blockade Cover.

The Presto (original name Fergus) was built in Glasgow, Scotland by Alexander Stephens & Sons in 1863 for the specific purpose of running the blockade. She was consigned to DeRousset Brown & Co in Wilmington and made only two successful blockade runs before she was destroyed attempting to enter Charleston Harbor in February 1864. The Presto ran aground in fog right in front of Fort Moultrie. A New York Times article from 2/14/1864 describes what happened when the fog lifted -- "She was a splendid looking side-wheel steamer with two smokestacks and rakish masts. Forts Wagner and Gregg, aided by two monitors, at once commenced to shell her, and by noon she was a complete wreck. A two hundred pounder Parrot from Fort Wagner cut her nearly in two. Besides the shelling of the steamer, the City of Charleston, James Island, and Forts Johnson and Moultrie have received a tremendous cannonading."

 $3,500.00
BLK28

Outgoing Blockade Cover from the Grimball Correspondence to Mr. John Grimball Care of Frazier Trenholm & Co., No 10 Runford Place, Liverpool, England. The Grimball Blockade Correspondence is well-known and well-researched. From the handwriting, the letter was from Lt. Grimball's father and most likely originated from Charleston SC. There are no postal markings, so the cover was most likely sent under a separate cover in a larger packet directly to the agent company in Liverpool. The cover is undated with no enclosure. But the cover is an Adversity Cover made from a printed court document displayed flapped down from the top right corner. John Grimball (1840-1922) an 1858 graduate of the US Naval Academy and from a very prominent Charleston SC family, was a Lieutenant in the Confederate States Navy. He served on various Confederate vessels until being assigned to England as a navy purchasing agent which would coincide with the time of this cover. "Mr." in the address was used presumably to disguise the fact that he was a naval officer. Later in 1864, he served on the famous CSS Shenandoah until the ship surrendered in November 1865. Lt Grimball has the distinction of being present at Fort Sumter when the first shot of the war was fired and on the CSS Shenandoah when the last shot of the war was fired in June 1865 when the ship, not knowing the war was over, fired on Union whaling vessels. Very clean cover.  $450.00



MISCELLANEOUS

MSC160

Adversity Cover with no postal markings (handcarried outside the postal system) addressed to Mr. John James, Grove Station, Greenville District, South Carolina. The cover is made from a used Port of Savannah shipping document dated 1857, so the handcarried use is very likely from the Conmfederate period. Displayed flapped up from the lower left cornershowing an eagle illustration. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $100.00
MSC164

Semi-Official Imprint Cover "Head Quarters, Department of N. C. Official Business" (Type WD-ZA-13). Handcarried outside the postal system  to Mrs. J. R. Anderson, Richmond Favd by Maj Ashe. The addressee was the wife of CSA Brig-Gen Joseph Reid Anderson. Gen Anderson was in command at Wilmington NC from Sept 1861 into early 1862. So the cover could be a letter from the general to his wife. But the handwriting on the cover is not that of Gen Anderson. So someone else addressed the cover. Gen Anderson resigned 7/19/1862 to devote full time to the management of the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond. Major Ashe, who is named as the carrier of the cover, was most likely Major William Shepperd Ashe (1814-1862) of North Carolina who served as a Quartermaster Officer in Richmond in charge of railroad transportation. He could have carried the letter as a favor to the General in early 1862 when he was returning to Richmond. Major Ashe was killed in a railroad accident near Wilmington NC in Sept 1862. Cover is clean with a small reduction at the top not affecting anything, a small corner fault at the upper left, and a missing top back flap. $200.00
MSC165

Confederate States Navy Paymaster Document 1862 (no cover) on an imprinted lettersheet "Confederate States of America Navy Department" dated at Richmond February 8th 1862 and addressed to Paymaster James K. Harwood CSN, Richmond, Va. The document deals with paymaster business. The letter is hand written by a secretary but signed by "S. A. Mallory" Secretary of the Many. Mallory's signature on a wartime naval document is scarce. The document has a damaged and missing upper right corner involving part of the imprint. Mallory's signature is clear but has a bit of a period ink smear. $400.00
MSC167

Period full length engraving of Maj Gen George B. McClellan in uniform published by Magee of Philadelphia in 1861. The engraving is approximately 8 x 5 inches and is Very Fine. $45.00
MSC169

Period copy of the Report of the Confederate Postmaster General  May 2, 1864. Nineteen page booklet complete with original sewn binding and just a little water staining. $150.00
MSC170

Confederate War Department General Orders No. 4 January 24, 1862. S. Cooper Adjutant and Inspector General. The order deals with forage caps marks to distinguish rank. $45.00
MSC173

United States Military Telegraph Office (Department of the Gulf) form at occupied Port Hudson, La Sept 20, 1864 from occupied New Orleans. To Col Alexander from D. J. Wenz "Can accommodate let him come to my house."  $25.00
MSC175

Semi-Official Military Imprint "Head Quarters, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac, C. S. A." (Type WD-ZD-09). Manuscript "O. B." (Official Business) under the imprint. The Confederate Army of the Potomac designation was in use for less than a year becoming the Army of Northern Virginia in mid-1862. Handcarried outside the postal system (most likely by a staff officer courier) to Brig Gen. J. J. Pettigrew, Comdy etc. The handwriting is not identified and is most likely from a 2nd Corps staff officer. James Johnston Pettigrew (1828-1863) later commanded Heth's Division at Gettysburg (Pickett's Charge) 7/3/1863 and was killed 7/14/1863 at Falling Waters while covering the retreat from Gettysburg. Professionally repaired top back flap and tear which extends into the imprint to an overall Very Fine appearance. $250.00
MSC176

Semi-Official Military Imprint "Head Quarters, Army of the Potomac, C. S. A." (Type WD-ZD-05). The Confederate Army of the Potomac designation was in use for less than a year becoming the Army of Northern Virginia in mid-1862. Handcarried outside the postal system (most likely by a staff officer courier) to Capt Joseph Lovell, Head Quarters Gen Clark, Manassas Junction (Va). The address is in the hand of Maj-Gen Gustavus W. Smith who at the time commanded the 2nd Corps. The addressee was the son of Gen Mansfield Lovell and served as a VADC (1861) on the staff of Brig-Gen Charles Clark who commanded a brigade in the 2nd Corps. Gen Clark would later be elected as the Confederate Governor of Mississippi 1864-1865. Cover has sealed tears at top center with some involvement of the imprint. Still with a clean and presentable appearance. $200.00
MSC178

Cover handcarried outside the postal system undated to Col John A. Washington Care of Gen R. Lee, Richmond, Care of Dr. T. Eliason. Lt Col John A. Washington (1821-1861) was a great grandnephew of George Washington and the last Washington to own Mount Vernon. In May 1861, he joined the staff of General Robert E. Lee as an ADC. He was killed in action by a bushwhacker at the Battle of Cheat Mountain during the campaign in western Virginia 9/13/1861. Cover must therefore date in mid 1861. Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $200.00
MSC180

Lettersheet only (no cover) with Confederate States of America Ordnance Depot Richmond Arsenal imprint. This is currently a Dietz unlisted imprint. The lettersheet is used and dated 31 JAN 1865 and deals with the delivery of Leather signed by a clerk for Capt J. Dinwiddie Commg. James Dinwiddie (1837-1907) was a staff officer assigned to the Richmond Arsenal 1863-1865. Very Fine imprinted lettersheet. $250.00
MSC181

Treasury Department CSA Treasurer's Office Semi-Offcial imprinted cover UNUSED  (CC TD-24) Very Fine. $50.00
MSC182

CSA Post Office Department Official Business Chief of the Finance Bureau Official Imprinted Cover unsigned and hand delivered internally within the Post Office Department to Bradfield "Present." George W. Bradfield was a minor official working in the CSPOD. Period receiving docketing at left dates the cover to June 30, 1863. Minor corner crease at upper left, otherwise very fine. $75.00
MSC184

Small commercially made Valentine envelope with an embossed classical female portrait at the upper left. No postal markings and hand delivered to Mr. Howel(l) Cobb, Athens, Georgia. Dated at left in pencel FEB 13 - 61. The pencil date may or may not be period. If the date is correct, that would put the cover in the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. On the reverse sealing the back flap is a small period label which was meant to be humorous showing a husband and wife in bed "You were a very different man then McCaudle" the meaning of which escapes me. The original period Valentine card enclosure is with the cover "To my true Valentine" with an elbortate flower bouquet. Howell Cobb, the recipient of the Valentine, was the most prominent Georgia politician of his day, and his history is well known. Former Speaker of the USA House of Representatives, former Governor of Georgia among other offices, and later a CSA Major-General. Have no idea who sent the Valentine, but most likely it was not his wife as the first name is mispelled on the cover, and in February 1861 Howell Cobb was in Montgomery, Ala as President of the Confederate Provisional Congress. One could speculate that it was from a "secret admirer." Everything with the cover and the Valentine looks to be correct for the period. Small sealed edge tear top center, back flap opening tears but the label is undamaged, and a repaired upper right corner. The Valentine enclosure is Very Fine. Valentines from this period are scarce as are covers with these so-called humorous Victorian labels on the back most of which were damaged in opening. $250.00


ROTH COLLECTION

11 JUN 2019  Roth Collection Part I and Part II -- Part I of the Steven Roth Collection (35 premium covers) demonstrates postal use from the time of secession through 31 MAY 1861 the last day that the USPOD operated in the seceded states. The collection contains some trans-Atlantic covers and some waterway covers used to illustrate the postal uses. Part II of the Steven Roth collection (20 premium covers) demonstrates Confederate postal use on the rivers (Mississippi River, Alabama River System, James River, and others) and Trans-Atlantic Blockade Mail. This collection was exhibited by invitation in the Court of Honor at the International World Stamp Show in New York City 28 May-4 June 2016, and at EUROPHILEX London 2015. Presented as formed by the collector. The covers are all priced to sell individually.

-- Roth Collection --




BUSH ESTATE - Miscellaneous Items

15 NOV 2017 -- A selection of miscellaneous items, some are Confederate and some are not, from the estate of my late partner Conrad L. Bush who passed away in February, 2017. The proceeds from the sale of these items will benefit the Bush family. Items will be added to this listing from time to time as they become available for sale.

15 MAR 2018 -- Books from the Bush Estate Library added to the listing.

-- Bush Estate --




NORTHCUTT EXHIBIT - "Confederate Faces"


28 SEP 2017 -- A selection of 20 covers for sale individually from the Frank P. Northcutt Collection / Exhibit titled "Confederate Faces" last shown at the WESTPEX (San Francisco) CSA Convention in 2011 where the exhibit received an APS Silver Medal and the Brian and Maria Green Award for the best CSA exhibit with military related items.

-- Northcutt Exhibit --




OLD TIME COLLECTION

Old Time Confederate General Issue Cover Collection

28 JUL 2013 -- A collection of 28 General Issue covers formed in 1949 that has not seen the collector's market in over 60 years. This is a very general collection of various stamps and usages. The covers are presented together as they were originally collected but are for sale and priced individually. 

-- Old Time Collection -- 



BUSH EXHIBIT
 9 NOV 2013
The Bush Exhibit / Collection is now posted and ready for sale.
 The collection can be accessed using the link below.

CSA STAMPS and POSTAL HISTORY

-- Bush Exhibit --  

STRAIGHTLINE, FANCY, and UNUSUAL CANCELS on CONFEDERATE
GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS
General Conrad L. Bush's Award Winning Exhibit/Collection

**********************************************

CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels

A grouping of both covers and off-cover stamps from the Conrad Bush Collection / Exhibit of CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels on General Issue Stamps many of which were used as illustrations in his definitive 1997 book on the subject. All the covers listed in this section have been sold, but the listing remains posted for examination and reference purposes only.

-- OLD Bush Exhibit --


TEFFS COLLECTION

Independent State and USA Used in the CSA

Presented here is the Independent State and USA Used in the CSA postal history collection (41 covers) formed by Confederate Stamp Alliance Past President Ron Teffs of California. The collection was formed over a number of years with an eye specifically for quality and rarity. The covers in this collection are all major items of Confederate Postal History. The collection is presented with the covers listed chronologically beginning with the First Day of the Confederate Period (20 DEC 1860) and extending into June 1861. All the covers in this collection have been sold individually. However, the entire collection is presented intact for all to review and enjoy as it is not often that such material is seen together in one place.

-- Teffs Collection --



-- Confederate Order Form --

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Postal History Part 6

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