CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 7

MISCELLANEOUS

New Covers Added 29 NOV 2014

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
Army Field Cancels Patriotics Railroads
Prisoner of War Blockade Miscellaneous
Old Time Collection Bush Exhibit Teffs Collection







ARMY FIELD CANCELS

AF135

Soldiers (Due) 10 Army of Tennessee Field Handstamp Dietz Type A in use July - December 1864. Endorsed across the top “From W. A. Chunn 40th Ga” and addressed to Mrs. E. W. Chunn, Grantville, Ga. William A. Chunn was the Commissary Sergeant in Co I 40th Ga Inf and survived the war surrendering with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. Coarse paper homemade adversity cover with minor backflap opening tears but otherwise Very Fine.
$200.00
AF144

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin Dark Blue) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel Dietz Type ANV 2UG. Addressed to Miss Anne Thack, Arrington Nelson Co, Va. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF148

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish Blue) with the Army of Northern Virginia Army Target Field Cancel. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Capt B. F. Little, Littles Mills NC. The addressee was Capt Benjamin Franklin Little (d1879) of the 52nd NC Inf. Capt Little was promoted Lt Col of the regiment at Gettysberg. The 52nd NC Inf was involved in Pickett's Charge on the third day of Gettysburg and suffered 30% casualties including Lt Col Little who was wounded and captured. He was a POW until later exchanged and then resigned from the army in AUG 1864 because of his wounds. Since the cover is addressed to Capt Little (not Col Little), it must date prior to Gettysburg when Capt Little was home on leave and the field cancel first came into use.
$150.00
AF150

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin but close at the top and affixed upside down) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel Dietz Type ANV 2T. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. R. A. Cole, Carthage NC. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF152

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel Dietz Type ANV 2T. Military Address to Col B. F. Little, Littles Mills NC. The addressee was Capt Benjamin Franklin Little (d1879) of the 52nd NC Inf. Capt Little was promoted Lt Col of the regiment at Gettysberg. The 52nd NC Inf was involved in Pickett's Charge on the third day of Gettysburg and suffered 30% casualties including Lt Col Little who was wounded and captured. He was a POW until later exchanged and then resigned from the army in AUG 1864 because of his wounds. Since the cover is addresed to Col Little, it must date to late 1864 after Col Little’s exchange while he was at home recovering from his Gettysburg wounds. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF153

CSA #12c (4-Margin but close on the right Greenish Blue) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Fied Grid Cancel Dietz Type ANV 6UG. Addressed to Miss Mollie Charlton, Lexington Rockingham Co., Virginia. Very Fine.$150.00
AF156

Soldier’s “(Due) 10” handstamp with no CDS. Addressed to Miss Jane Pursely, New Center PO York District SC. Endorsed at left “From Sergt J. W. Pursley Co G 18th SC Vols”. J. Warren Pursley is listed as a Sergeant and then later 1st Lt Co G 18th SC Inf. The handstamp “10” does not match the known ANV field marks nor does it match the Petersburg, Va marks. In late 1864 and early 1865, the unit was with the ANV at the Siege of Petersburg. Prior to that, the unit served as part of the defenses of Charleston Harbor. The “10” does not match the Charleston mark either. Most likely the cover went out from the ANV as a due in late 1864 or early 1865 without a field mark, and the handstamp was added somewhere in transit or perhaps on arrival as no specific marks are listed in the catalogs for the New Center SC post office with which to compare. Interesting cover and Very Fine.
$150.00
AF162

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel. Small blue paper cover addressed to Miss M. S. Browning, Appomattox PO Appomattox Co, Virginia. Unfortunately the original letter is no longer with the cover but has been broken out and separated from the cover by another collector. The letter dated NOV 1864 was from Lieut J. Shook Co G 15th Va Inf thanking the addressee for supplying socks to the soldiers. Small piece missing from the backflap and a little corner edge wear upper right but an overall Very Fine appearance.
$100.00
AF168

CSA #2 Paterson (margins just a little irregular) tied by a full strike of a large Grid Cancel consistent with the Army of Northern Virginia Field Cancel Dietz Type ANV 4UG used in 1864. A stone lithograph stamp with an army field cancel while not unknown is certainly not seen very often. Addressed to Mr. Isaac McReynolds, Lebanon, Russell County, Virginia. Period notation on the face of the cover gives the date as “August 13th” but does not give the actual year. The addressee had four sons who served in the Confederate Army -- Robert C. McReynolds (deserted in late 1864), George W. McReynolds (killed at Middle Creek KY in January 1862), Solomon S. McReynolds (survived the war), and Wilson P. McReynolds (survived the war). The first three sons all served in the 29th Va Inf and Wilson served in the 21st Va Cav. Not sure who actually sent this cover as there is no letter with it. Very clean cover and an unusual army field usage.
$300.00
AF170

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin Dark Blue) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to James Harper Esq, Lenoir Caldwell Co NC. Adversity Cover made from a previous handwritten letter page displayed with the upper left corner folded down. The cover was sent by Private Samuel F. Harper (1843-1929) of Co A 22nd NC Inf to his father. Private Harper enlisted at age 17 on 4/30/1861 and was listed as wounded at Seven Pines (Va) 5/31/1862. He recovered and rejoined his unit remaining with his unit throughout the war until his parole at Appomattox 4/9/1865. Few sealed backflap opening tears and a sealed edge tear at bottom center covered by the display flap. Very Fine appearance.
$250.00
AF173

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to Mrs.E. H. Harding Care of Mrs. C. R. Richmond, Milton NC. The cover was sent by Ephraim H. Harding who was the Chaplain of the 45th NC Inf to his wife. Very Fine.
$150.00
AF180

Army of Tennessee Handstamp Field Due 10 Dietz Type II which was in use Jan-Sept 1864. Very coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. M. A. McCorkle in Care of C. E. Wingfield, Washington, Geo. Endorsed at left “Privet John McCorkle in Co H 37 Rgt Geo Vol ters (Volunteers).” The 37th Ga Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. Private John McCorkle enlisted 8/10/1863. He is listed as caputured as a POW near Nashville 12/16/1864 and confined at Camp Douglas (Chicago IL). He is recorded as having died of pneumonia 2/6/1865 while confined at Camp Douglas and is buried in the Camp Douglas Confederate Cemetery. Very clean cover with a trivial reduction at the right and minor corner faults at the left. $150.00
AF184

Army of Tennessee Field (Due) 10 Handstamp Dietz Type B which is actually a Griffin, Ga mark appropriated for use by the army in September 1864.  Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. D. B. Johnson, Hernson, Burk Co., Geo.  Endorsed at left “From Sarg D. B. Johnson 2nd Redg 1st Brigade Militia.”  The unit refers to the Georgia State Militia which served with the Army of Tennessee June - November 1864.  A letter written by Stefan Jaronski to Earl Kaplan in 1987 is included with the cover which gives a complete history of the cover.  Cover has been professionally cleaned and pressed some time in the past to a Very Fine appearance. $175.00
AF185

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target CancelAdversity Cover made from a printed but unused business voucher form displayed flapped down from the left upper corner.  Addressed to Mrs. J. C. Mansfield, Lumpkin, Stewart Co., Ga.  There were two Mansfield brothers in different units in the ANV from Lumpkin, Georgia in 1864-1865.  John B. Mansfield was in Co K 2nd Ga Inf and Henry H. Mansfield was a musician (entered service in 1861 as a 15 year old drummer boy) in Co E 31st Ga Inf.  Letter most likely sent back home to Lumpkin by one of these soldiers as both survived the war.  Minor reduction at left not affecting anything.  Very Fine. $400.00
AF186

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel.  Blue paper cover with a bit faded but still legible address to Miss Elise G. Skinner Care of Col F. G. Skinner, Richmond, Va. Col Frederick Gustavus Sklinner (1814-1894) was the Lt Col of the 1st Va Inf when he was severely wounded in the chest at 2nd Manassas. He never returned to active duty but was nevertheless promoted to Colonel in July 1863 and retired to the Invalid Corps.  A period notation on the reverse dates this cover to May 1864. Col Skinner’s son, P. Thornton Skinner, was a private in Co E 4th Va Cav at this time and is the one who most likely sent this cover home to his sister.  Backflap opening tears and a small edge fault at lower center, but still a very clean appearing cover. $100.00
AF188

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel.  Addressed to Mrs. A. W. Charles, Unionville P.O., Union Dist SC.  Cover was sent by Private Anderson W. Charles of Co I 1st SC Inf to his wife.  Small part of backflap missing and a very light edge stain at top right. Still a very clean appearing cover. $90.00
AF192

CSA #12c (AD Greenish-Blue) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel. Addressed to Miss Lizzie Beard, Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co., Va. Adversity Cover made from an unused army fuel requisition form displayed with the left upper corner flapped down. Very Fine. $350.00
AF193

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mrs. A. C. Hopkins, Paineville PO, Amelia Co., Va. The cover was sent by Rev Abner C. Hopkins (1835-1911) to his wife. Rev Hopkins, a Presbyterian minister, enlisted as chaplain of the 2nd Va Inf 5/3/1862.  He was later promoted Corps Chaplain for the 2nd Corps Army of Northern Virginia. His wife was the daughter of Dr. J. M. P. Atkinson, the president of Hampden-Sidney College. Very Fine Cover Signed by Brian Green. $200.00
AF195

CSA #12 (AD) (margin close on the right but with a large left sheet margin) with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Dora C. Bartlett Care Col Wm Gibson, Augusta, Georgia. The sender of the cover is not identified. William Gibson (1822-1893) mentioned in the address was an Augusta lawyer and judge who was Colonel of the 48th Ga Inf. Col Gibson was wounded at Malvern Hill (Va) 7/1/1862 and wounded a second time and captured as a POW at Gettysburg (7/2/1863). He was soon exchanged but resigned the service11/12/1864 presumably because of his wounds. Very Fine Ex-Brain Green. $125.00
AF197

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and a minor corner fault at the upper right) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target cancel. Addressed to Mr. Jas. A. Debnam, Louisburg (Franklin County), N. Carolina. James A. Debnam had a son in the Army of Northern Virginia, Thomas R. Debnam in Co G 47th NC Inf. Private Debnam is listed as having Died of Disease but a date is not given. Also in the same company was Private William R. Debnam. Thomas and William were not brothers but were most likely cousins as the company was raised in Franklin County NC and they enlisted at the same time about one month apart. Private William R. Debnam was transferred into Co D 8th NC Inf on 1/3/1863. The 8th NC Inf was part of the ANV in late 1864. Not sure which one of these two soldiers sent the cover as could not find a date of death for the son. Part of backflap missing, but still a very clean cover. $100.00
AF198

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin) tied by an Army ofTennessee Field GRID Cancel. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Dr. Amos Ward, Aberdeen, Mississippi. Amos Ward (1810-1875) received an MD degree from the University of Pennsylvania but apparently was not practicing medicine as he is listed on the 1860 census as a wealthy Aberdeen planter. He did not serve the Confederacy in any medical capacity. The cover was most likely sent by Dr. Ward’s son, Capt Joseph W. Ward (1842-1864) of Co L 24th Miss Inf. Capt Ward was killed at the Battle of Franklin 11/30/1864. Cover with a sealed edge tear at top center and just a little corner and edge wear but still with a Very Fine overall appearance. $200.00
AF199

CSA #11 (AD) (margins tight at bottom and left) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Yellow paper cover addressed to Miss Bessie McCoy, University of Virginia. Very minor edge wear but still a very clean cover. $75.00
AF203

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by a partial strike of an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie Beard, Harrisonburg Rockingham County, Va. Cover most likely sent by Henry Clay Krebs (1839-1911) of Co H 13th Va Inf as Lizzie Beard and Pvt Krebs were married in 1865. Clean appearing cover but with a sealed tear at the left. APS Certificate 2008. $60.00
AF204

CSA #12c (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by an Army Field Grid Cancel. Addressed to Miss Nancy Morris, Bell(e)ville, Ala. The Grid is an 18mm 7-Bar Enclosed Grid which is consistent with both an Army of Tennessee Grid used 1864 and an Army of Northern Virginia Grid used 1864-1865. Not sure which one it is as cannot identify the sender. Alabama sent soldiers to both armies. A check of the 1860 census shows that Nancy E. Morris (age 15 in 1860) of Belleville, Ala had no brothers old enough to have served in the army. So the cover most likely sent by a boyfriend or another relative. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused court document displayed flapped up from the lower left corner. Very Fine. $450.00
AF205

CSA #11 (AD) (4 Large Margins) with an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel (ANV-11 with 10 Bars Unenclosed). Period docketting dates the cover to August 1864. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Michael Walters, Wytheville, Va. The addressee had three sons who served in the Confederate Army -- 1) James Walters enlisted 5/1/1862 in Co C 51st Va Inf and deserted 8/5/1863, 2) John Walters enlisted 7/20/1861 in Co C 51st Va Inf and was captured as a POW at Waynesboro (Va) 3/2/1865 and confined at Fort Delaware, 3) Mitchel Walters enlisted 4/10/1862 in Co I 29th Va Inf and is the one most likely to have sent this cover home to his father as the 29th Va Inf was with the ANV in August 1864. James could not have sent it as he deserted the previous year, and John could not have sent it as his regiment was in the Valley in August 1864 and not with the ANV. Very Fine with an exceptionally nice stamp. $125.00
AF206

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin but ittegularly cut Greenish Blue) tied by two strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line Cancel (ATN-02a). Much better than average strike of the scarce military straight line. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Miss T. L. Pittman, Athens, Ga. Sender is not identified but most likely a relative or boyfriend of the addressee in a Georgia regiment. $750.00
AF207

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia 7-Bar Field Grid Cancel (ANV-02). Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Fanny Redwine, Jackson Hill NC. Light pencil notation at the bottom “from G. D. Redwine.” Green David Redwine entered service as a private in Co Co F 7th NC Inf on 6/29/1861. He is listed as wounded at Gaines Mill (Va) 6/27/1862. He was later commissioned on 12/23/1862 and transferred to Co I 42nd NC Inf as the 3rd Lieut. The cover is addressed to the soldier’s mother and would date from late 1864 at which time the 42nd NC Inf was present at the Siege of Petersburg. Very Fine Cover. $150.00
AF208

CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Army of Northern Virginia Army Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Light borwn coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed in pencil to Mrs. C. G. Davenport, Cary Post Office, Wake County NC. The cover is from Sergt C. G. Davenport of Co F 11th NC Inf, an ANV unit of Pettigrew’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps. Minor reductions left and right, otherwise Very Fine. $150.00

AF209
9/16/2014
CSA #12 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel (ANV-13). Addressed to Mrs. Amelia D. Strobel Care of Mrs. Oscar Johnson, Newbury, So. Ca. Turned Cover with the inside use showing a partial Charleston SC CDS (missing stamp inside) addressed to Wm E. Haskill Esqr, Cashier P & M (Planters & Merchants) Bank, Columbia SC.Very Fine. $125.00

AF210
11/29/2014
CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel Dietz Type ANV 1ED. Addressed to Miss Mollie L. Manning, Tangipaho Parish St Helena, La. Period pencil notation on the front of the cover dates the cover to 1 DEC 1864. Tangipaho, La in St. Helena Parish is in the small part of Louisiana that is on the east side of the Mississippi River. Therefore, the Trans-Mississippi Express rate in late 1864 would not apply. Minor backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.$150.00

AF211
11/29/2014
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Grid Cancel. Addressed to Mr. Robert Love Care John Wilson Esq, Swoops’ Depot Augusta Co., Va. Light pencil endorsement top center “9th La Inf, Hays Brigade, Earlys Division, Ewells Corps.” The 9th La Inf (Lousiana Tigers) was the most distinguished Louisiana unit in the entire war and served with distinction in the Louisiana Brigade of the 2nd Corps ANV (Jackson’s Foot Cavalry). The field cancel and endorsement would date this cover to either late 1864 or early 1865 when the unit was with the ANV at the Siege of Petersburg. The only “Love” in the unit was the regimental surgeon, William S. Love. So this cover most likely is from Surgeon William S. Love to a relative in Virginia. William S. Love was appointed Assistant Surgeon by the Secretary of War 10/1/1861 and Surgeon 7/1/1862 while in Clark County, Virginia. He was ordered to the 15th La Inf in Sept 1862 and is recorded as absent due to illness Nov-Dec 1862. He was ordered to the 9th La Inf 4/20/1863 but was on detached duty for a time at Winchester, Va beginning July 1864 rejoining the regiment later that year. His name appears on a roll of prisoners captured on 4/3/1865 at Richmond, Va and paroled 5/1/1865. Cover shows just a little light foxing and some minor edge wear but still has an overall Very Fine appearance.$150.00

AF212
11/29/2014
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with an Army Field Framed Grid Cancel.  Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Kate M. Thornton, Forkland, Greene County, Alabama.  The addressee had a brother, Private B. B. Thornton, in the 3rd Ala Cav who is most likely the one who sent this cover home to his sister.  That unit was an Army of Tennessee unit.  The grid is consistent with a 7-Bar Framed Grid Army of Tennessee Field Cancel.  Reduced at left not affecting anything.  Edge wear at both lower corners.  Very clean cover.$90.00

AF213
11/29/2014
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by an Army of Northern Virginia Field Target Cancel. Addressed to Miss Mary E. Blakemore, Sangerville Augusta Co., Va. Period docketing indicates that the cover was sent by Lieut J. W. Crist. John W. Crist and Mary E. Blakemore were married after the war. John W. Crist (1841-1913) entered service as Sergeant in Co I 5th Va Inf 5/11/1861 and was commissioned 1st Lieut 6/9/1862. Lieut Crist served throughout the war surrendering with his unit at Appomattox 4/9/1865. The 5th Va Inf was part of the famed Stonewall Brigade. Lieut Crist took part in all the major actions of his unit and escaped without a scratch. Clean cover with a minor reduction on the left not affecting anything.$90.00



PATRIOTICS

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Two very newly discovered CSA Patriotic Covers which at the present time represent the only two known CSA Patriotic covers used to a foreign destination during the Confederate period. Both covers are from the same correspondence with usage about one week apart. These two covers are the subject of an article ("Transatlantic CSA Patriotic Covers") which appeared in the June - September 2006 issue of the Confederate Philatelist journal. The first cover (PAT 138) was found in 2003, and the second (PAT 138A) was only discovered in January 2006 and is therefore offered here for sale for the very first time anywhere. (These two covers were previously sold but remain posted here for all to see since they are extremely important recent finds.  The first cover PAT138 currently resides in a major private collection.  The second cover PAT138A is currently part of a major Confederate Postal History exhibit.)
PAT138

CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-19 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 26 MAR 1861. There is a manuscript “DUE 24” in pencil across the top to assess the 24c Trans-Atlantic rate applied in Augusta at the time of mailing (an unnecessary mark as postage due was to be collected in England on delivery). Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 2 APR (1861). The date of the New York City mark was a Sunday in 1861, and there were no sailings on that date from New York. The only sailing compatible with this cover is from Boston on 3 APR 1861, so the cover must have been transferred to Boston by closed mail and then sailed on the Cunard Packet “Canada” arriving in Queenstown 15 APR (1861) and then arriving in Liverpool, England the next day. Manuscript 1/- applied to the cover in England indicating 1 Shilling Due for the Trans-Atlantic crossing. The Liverpool receiving mark is on the face of the cover dated 16 APR 1861. This cover was only very recently discovered in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only. The front was submitted to the PF for certification in 2003 and received PF Certificate #0394308. At the present time, this is one of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. The second cover (also a front) was very recently discovered in England and is from the same correspondence in March 1861 but a different flag design (offered for sale below as PAT 138A). This covers is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the PF Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
PAT138A

Overall CSA Stars and Bars Flag Patriotic Cover in Full Color Dietz Type F7-2 Trans-Atlantic Usage from Augusta, Georgia to Liverpool, England March - April 1861. Cover was mailed unpaid from Augusta, Georgia with the small Augusta, Ga double circle CDS 20 MAR 1861. Cover arrived in New York City and received the “New York Br Packet 5” mark dated 27 MAR (1861). This cover sailed on the Cunard British Packet "Arabia" which departed that date from New York. The Liverpool receiving mark is at the lower left dated 8 APR 1861. The prominent British manuscript “1/-” is quite apparent for the 1 shilling due on delivery. This cover was only very recently discovered in January 2006 in an old collection in England and was in the collection as a FRONT only and is offered here for sale for the first time. The front was recently submitted to the CSA for certification and received CSA Certificate #4738. At the present time, this is the second of only two known Confederate Patriotic Covers to a foreign destination during the Confederate Period. This cover is pre-blockade but falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. Since the CSA Certificate for this cover was issued, the cover front has been expertly rebacked for purposes of preservation and has a Very Fine appearance. A beautiful CSA Patriotic with a very scarce patriotic usage ready to exhibit.
SOLD
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PAT184

Due 10 Handstamp with the Lynchburg, Va CDS Dietz Type II all in Blue 19 DEC. Gen Beauregard Medallion Dietz Type GB-1 (red) Patriotic Cover addressed to Mr. Wm Davenport, Palmetto, Ga. No soldier’s endorsement, but the cover was sent by Sergt William H. A. Davenport of the 35th Ga Inf to his father. William H. A. Davenport enlisted as a private in Co C 35th Ga Inf 9/17/1861 and was promoted Ordnance Sergeant 7/2/1862. At the time of this cover, he was hospitalized at Lynchburg, Va and died at Lynchburg (presumably of disease) just a few days later on 12/31/1862. He is buried in the Lynchburg, Va Confederate Cemetery. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Myerson, Ex-Murphy. CSA Certificate 1998.
$2,500.00
PAT204

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin but with a little foxing and toning) tied by the Augusta, Ga CDS (date not full apparent). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in Black with Verse 2 (“On, on to the rescue, the Vandals are coming...”), Slogan 2 (“Confederate States of America”), and Imprint 11 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richm’d”). Very coarse dark brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Joseph S. Thurman, Hamburg So. Ca. Care T. Reese. Cover with a little light foxing and very slightly reduced at the left.
$750.00
PAT206

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with a small margin nick at right center) tied by a partial strike of the Weldon NC CDS (date not apparent). Stars and Bars CSA Patriotic Cover (F11-16 in black) with Verse 9 (Gather around your country’s flag...) printed on very coarse brown paper. Addressed to Miss Catharine Ferguson, Reedy Branch PO Moore County NC. Very Fine Ex-Bogg with CSA Certificate 1986.
$1,250.00
PAT211

“Fairfax Station (Va) Aug 27 (1861) Due 10” all in manuscript on a Seven Star Jefferson Davis Medallion Patriotic Cover Dietz Type JD-1 in black with Verse 13a (When the tempest of war...). Endorsed across the top “Private J. H. Bayol 5th Ala Rgt Vol.” Addressed to Mr. E. J. Bayol, Greensboro G. Co, Ala. Private Julian Honore Bayol of Co D 5th Ala Inf was listed as Killed-in-Action at Malvern Hill (Va) 7/1/1862. The cover is somewhat reduced at the right and the top with minor top edge repair, a well sealed tear through the design, and a small repair at the lower left corner all of which do not detract from the overall appearance. The cover is otherwise quite clean and still very attractive.
$950.00
PAT212

Soldiers “Due” 10 Handstamp with the Petersburg, Va CDS Dietz Type C 30 SEP (1862) all in Blue. Stars and Bars (11-Star) Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in black with Verse 7 (To arms! to arms! quick, be ready...). Endorsed at upper right corner “From Sergt H. S. Bean Co H 44th Rgt NCST.” Addressed to Mr. Immer Bean, Cox’s Mills Randolph County NC. Horatio S. Bean (age 21) mustered into Co H 44th NC Inf on 3/1/1862. He was promoted Sergeant 7/20/1862 just shortly before sending this letter home. Sgt Bean was listed as Killed-in-Action at Bristoe Station (Va) 10/14/1863. Minor light foxing but still very attractive.
$850.00
PAT214

Soldiers (Due) “10” (ms) with the Yorktown, Va CDS 7 JAN 1862 on a Stars and Bars (11-Star) Flag Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in black. Verse 1 (Bright banner of freedom...) and Imprint 15 (For sale by Alpheus Bolling, Yorktown, Va.). Addressed to Mrs. July E. Akins, Villanow PO Walker Co, Ga. Endorsed under the address “from privet Akins 23 Ga Ridgemen.” There were five soldiers named “Akins” all in Co B 23rd Ga Inf and probably all related. Not known which one of the five sent this cover home. Very minor edge reductions but a very clean cover. Ex-Matz and signed Brian Green.
$550.00
PAT230

CSA #1 (Stone not determined but most likely Stone A/B as there are distinctive plating marks to the right of the upper right scroll which do not plate to either Stone 1 or Stone 2 and Stone A/B has not been plated) (4-Margin but a distinct pre-affixing vertical crease) pen-cancel and matching manuscript “Centreville, Va June 4 (1862)” at top center (scarce mauscript Virginia town). Stars and Bars Dietz Type F11-16 in black Patriotic Cover with Verse 2 (“On, on to the rescue, the Vandals are coming...), Slogan 2 (“Confederate States of America”) and Imprint 11 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richmond, Va”). Addressed to Mrs. William King Care of Col Aug Leftwich, Lynchburg, Virginia. The cover was sent by Private William King (d1885) of Co D 38th Va Battalion Heavy Artillery to his wife, Annie Leftwich the daughter of Col August Leftwich. The title of “Col” was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. William King was later promoted Lieut 2/8/1862. After the war, he formed the tobacco firm of Leftwich and King. Very clean cover.
$850.00
PAT236

Patriotic Lettersheet (no cover) 7-Star Stars and Bars in full color Dietz Type F7-7 (variation). Letter is datelined St. Geoges PO SC July 24th 1861 and is addressed to Hon C. G. Memminger Sec of Treasy. The letter is quite lengthy and deals with a commission to sell subscriptions for Confederate Bonds in the South Carolina Cotton District. A full typed transcription of the letter is included.
$500.00
PAT239

Soldiers (Due) 10 Handstamp with no postmark. Light coarse brown paper Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Dietz Type F11-16 in black with Verse 9 “Gather around your country’s flag...” Endorsed at upper left corner “D. J. Logan 1st Lt 17th SCV” and addressed to the soldier’s wife Mrs. Davis J. Logan, Guthriesville York Dist., So. Ca. The cover originated in Wilmington NC as the handstamp “10” is consistent with Dietz Type D and the 17th SC Inf was assigned to the Wilmington area in Feb-May 1863 and again in early May 1864. Cover most likely dates from 1863. David Jackson Logan (1837-1864) enlisted in the “Carolina Rifles” which became Co F 17th SC Inf. His wartime letters, diary, and articles published in the York Examiner were combined in the book A Rising Star of Promise published in 1998 and still in print. Lt Logan was Killed-in-Action by a minnie ball to the forehead 6/18/1864 at the Siege of Petersburg. Very minor corner wear bottom left and right otherwise Very Fine.
$1,000.00
PAT247

Soldiers Due 10 Handstamp and an additional manuscript “Due 10” with a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Dietz Type IV 1 AUG 1863. Stars and Bars Flag Over Cannon (12-Stars) Patriotic Cover Dietz Type CN-1 in black printed on a very coarse brown paper with Verse 9 (“Gather around your country’s flag...”) Endorsed at upper left “C. W. Akridge Co D 3rd Ga Reg” and addressed to Mrs. M. M. Laurins, Madison, Ga. Private Calvin W. Akridge enlisted 4/24/1861. He is listed as wounded at the Battle of the Crater (Siege of Petersburg) 7/30/1864 and killed while at home 1/15/1865 (details not given). Very Fine.
$2,000.00
PAT252

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close at left) tied by two partial strikes of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6p 13 OCT (1864).  Patriotic Cover showing the Large Dragoon Design Dietz Type SM-1 in balck with Verse 9 (“Gather around your Country’s flag,...”).  Very late use of a Patriotic Cover.  Addressed to Capt R. H. Branch, Oakville Appomattox, Va.  Could not find a Capt R. H. Branch as either a staff or field officer in the Confederate Army, so rank most likely local, state or pre-war.  There was a prominent family named Branch living in Appomattox County at that time.  The cover was very likely sent by the addressee’s son, Private James Peter Branch Co A 20th Va Battn Heavy Artillery whose unit was assigned as part of the Richmond defenses in 1864.  Private Branch enlisted at age 18 into Co A 44th Va Inf on 8/15/1861. He was transferred to the artillery 3/27/1862.  He was captured as a POW at Farmville (Va) near the end of the war 4/6/1865 and confined at Point Lookout, Md until released 6/23/1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.  Backflap missing otherwise a Very Fine appearance.  Ex-Maroni Collection.
$1,500.00
PAT270

Handstamp PAID 10 Type IB with the large single rim Winchester, Va CDS 2 JUL (1861).  Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F10-3 (10 six-pointed stars).  Addressed to Miss E. J. S. Arnett, Rehoboth, Wilkes County, Geor.  There are two Arnetts from Wilkes County listed in Co A 9th Ga Inf who were most likely brothers (Private George F. Arnett and Private W. F. Arnett).  Both enlisted on 6/11/1861.  At the time of this cover, the 9th Ga Inf was in the Winchester area as part of the CSA Army of the Shenandoah.  Cover most likely sent by one of the two brothers home to their sister.  Overall blue paper cover with part of backflap missing and a very minor corner repair at the upper left not affecting the design. Minor light foxing but still an overall very clean patriotic cover with a Very Fine appearance. Ex-Ashbrook with his handstamp on the reverse, Ex-Kaplan. $1,250.00
PAT271

Soldiers “Due 10” in manscript with a partial strike of the Guineys, Va CDS (date not apparent).  Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in black Type F11-16 with Verse 9 (“Gather around your country’s flag...”). Addressed to Miss Ann Eliza Hill, Germantown, Stokes County, N. Carolina.  Endorsed at lower left “Sergt G. G. Hill, Co G 21 NC Regt.”  George G. Hill (age 20) enlisted as a Private in Co G 21st NC Inf 5/30/1861 and was subsequently promoted Sergeant.  He survived the war and is listed as paroled at High Point NC 5/2/1865.  Cover is complete but shows wear and light foxing.  Still a very decent example of a patriotic cover sent by a soldier home to his sister. $750.00
PAT275

Soldiers “Due 10” in manuscript with a somewhat smeared strike of the Beans Station, Ten CDS (date not apprenent).  Captured Union Patriotic Cover with a citizen soldier holding the Stars and Stripes at the left (all in red).  Addressed to Mr. David B. Kirby Care of John Ott Esq, Richmond City, Virginia. Endorsed at top “Lt E. Kirby Adgt 58th NC regt Partisan Rangers.”  The addressee was the soldier’s brother.  The original letter remains with the cover with good content datelined Cumberland Gap Oct 22, 1862. “The whole of Gen Bragg’s Army has passed through the Gap on their way to Chattanooga.  Cousin Ned arrived here this morning on his way to Knoxville to resume command of East Tennessee, he is very hard on Gen Bragg for not fighting Buell...(refers to CSA General Edmund Kirby Smith who was the writer’s cousin)...” and more.  A typed transcript of the letter is included.  Lt Kirby was subsequently promoted Lt Col of the regiment but is listed as Killed-in-Action the following year at Chickamauga 9/20/1863.  Very clean cover with a small sealed edge tear at top center and backflap opening tears.  Very Fine Appearance. $1,800.00
PAT287

Soldiers Due 10 handstamp with the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3f 20 DEC 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in black Type CN-1 (12 Stars) with Verse 9 (“Gather around your country’s flag...”). Addressed to Mrs. Jane Taylor Wilson, Frazierville P(ost). Off(ice), Abbeville District SC. Endorsed at bottom “From Private Jas A. Wilson Co D 7 Regt SCV.” James Albert Wilson enlisted in July 1862 and Died of Disease (Pneumonia) at the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond 4/5/1863. The cover shows a little edge wear but is very clean. CSA Certificate 2011 which acknowledges the edge wear but also states that the backflap is repaired. There is no significant repair to the backflap but only a sealed backflap opening tear. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Matz Collection. $950.00
PAT291

USA #26 tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 5 APR 1861 (day numeral is upside down). Stars and Bars (7-Stars) Patriotic Cover in full color Type F7-5C. Addressed to New York City (business correspondence). Very early use of a Confederate Patriotic Cover prior to the firing on Fort Sumter from a state that had not as yet seceded as Tennessee would not secede for another two months. Stamp with minor faults and sealed opening edge tears still a very clean cover and excellent presecession use of a Confederate Patriotic Cover. Ex- Boshwit. $1,500.00
PAT294

Soldiers (Due) 10(ms) with the Yorktown, Va CDS (date not fully apparent) addressed to Mrs Mary A. Thompson, Jefferson Jackson County, Georgia. Endorsed at top left “Capt Thompson 16th Georgia Regt.” Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color Type F10-3. Unusual variation with two white spots at right which may represent 12 stars which is not commonly seen. The original letter is included which is a lengthy camp letter to the soldier’s wife datelined “Camp Lamar near Yorktown VA Dec 22nd 1861.” Excellent content about building winter quarters, skirmish near (Big) Bethel, and more. A full typed transcript of the letter as well as some historical background on the unit is enclosed. Howell Cobb at this time was Colonel of the 16th Ga Inf and is mentioned in the letter. The writer was Capt Augustus C. Thompson of Co G 16th Ga Inf. Capt Thompson was wounded at Crampton’s Gap (Md) 9/14/1862 and resigned the service 8/1/1863 presumably because of his wound. Cover with small lower right and lower left corner repairs to a Very Fine overall appearance. $1,500.00
PAT297

Soldiers Due 10 (Type D) with the Orange CH, Va CDS 9 OCT 1862. Stars and Bars (11 Stars) Flag Patriotic in black Type F11-16 with New CSA Catalog Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag..."). Endorsed at upper right “W. C. Connelly Cobb’s Legion.” Addressed to W. E. Smith Albany, Georgia. William Curran Connelly (b1823) was an Albany lawyer and enlisted as a Private in Co D Cobb’s Legion Cavalry in 1861.  He was later commissioned Lieutenant and served as the Asst Ordnance Officer on the staff of Gen TRR Cobb until Gen Cobb’s death at Fredericksburg. He later served in the same position on the staff of Gen Matthew C. Butler and survived the war. Backflap missing and some light arithmetic doodling on the back only, but otherwise a Very Fine appearance. $1,000.00
PAT306

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin tight on the right) tied by a partial strike of the Tudor Hall, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Green paper Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in Black with Verse 30 (“On, On, to the rescue...”), Slogan 24 (“Confederate States of America”), and Imprint 31 (“Sold by J. W. Randolph, Richmond, Va”). Addressed to Mrs. Bettie G. Lindsey, Farmville Prince Edward, Virginia. Cover most likely sent by the addressee’s husband Corpl Cincinnatus Davis Lindsey (1832-1894) who enlisted in Co F 18th Va Inf 4/23/1861. He was reduced to the ranks 4/26/1862 (reason not given) and listed as “deserted” 12/12/1862 but returned to his unit 1/15/1863. Private Lindsey was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/2/1863 and confined at Point Lookout until exchanged 5/3/1864. No further record. Very clean cover with old mounting marks on the back only. $750.00
PAT307

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 14 (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the large single rim Winchester, Va CDS with a JAN 1862 date. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover in Black Type CN-3 with Verse 5 (“Bright banner of freedom...”). Addressed to Mr. Henry Amole, Saunders Store Rockbridge Co, Va. The addressee had a son, James P. Amole, who enlisted 6/2/1861 in Co I 4th Va Inf which was part of the famed Stonewall Brigade. Private James Amole is most likely the sender of this cover to his father as the 4th Va Inf was in the Valley District in January 1862. Private James P. Amole was wounded at Chancellorsville 5/2/1863, wounded a second time at Payne’s Farm (Va) 11/27/1863, and captured as a POW at Spotsylvania Court House 5/12/1864. He survived the war and was paroled from the Elmira Prison in New York 6/11/1865. The addressee had a second son, Thomas F. Amole (1844-1913) who enlisted in the same unit 9/25/1862. Private Thomas F. Amole was wounded at Gettysburg 7/3/1863 and wounded again and captured as a POW at Monocacy (Md) 7/9/1864. Because of his wounds, he was soon exchanged 9/21/1864 and treated at the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond. Minor reduction on the left and minor edge wear, otherwise Very Fine. CSA Certificate 1991 Ex-Agre. $1,000.00
PAT308

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 18 (4-Margin with a small corner clip at the upper right in the margin only) tied by a partial strike of the Tudor Hall, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-16 in black with Verse 5 (“Bright banner of freedom...). Addressed to Mrs Sallie Whiting Care Wm T. Simmons Esq, Danville, Va. Cover most likely sent by a Virginia soldier home to his wife or mother but am not able to identify the soldier. Cover shows light water staining over the left half of the cover, a little edge wear top and bottom, and a missing backflap. Still quite a decent representative patriotic cover with a nice stamp. Ex-Bogg. $350.00

PAT312
5/27/2014
CSA #8 (4-Margin) uncancelled affixed to an unused Flag over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-3 with Verse 5 (“Bright Banner of Freedom...”) and Imprint 17 (“Manufactured by W. & J. Bonitz, Goldsboro, N. C.” The stamp is most likely a later addition. With the cover is the matching unused lettersheet with the the same design, verse, and imprint. The lettersheet contains the additional Slogan 24 (“Confederate States of America”). Most unusual for an unused patriotic cover to be found together with its matching unused lettersheet. Very Fine. $500.00
PAT313

CSA #2b Paterson Dark Blue (margin just barely in at the top left and two small surface scrapes which do not detract) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3f 17 AUG 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-1C (12 Stars) in Black with Verse 13 (“Gather around your country’s flag...). Addressed to Mrs. Mary C. Roberts, Yanceyville NC To the Care ofMr. Elijah Roberts. Elijah Roberts had a son, William A. Roberts, who enlisted as a private in Co A 14th NC Inf in the early summer of 1862. The regiment was an ANV unit, and Private Roberts is the most likely sender of this cover. Private Anderson was wounded in the hand at Sharpsburg and was with his unit at Gettysburg. After the war, William Anderson Roberts (1837-1900) became quite a well-known American portrait painter. The cover underwent a light cleaning in the past and very professional edge restorations to a Very Fine appearance. $1,750.00
PAT314

CSA #2e Paterson Stone Y (4-Margin with stamp affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap) 28 OCT 1862 tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3f 17 AUG 1862. Flag Over Cannon Patriotic Cover Type CN-1C (12 Stars) in Black with Verse 56 (“With the cannon’s flash...). Addressed to Mr. J. W. Walker Esqr in care of Capt Waters, Salisbury NC. Capt Samuel B. Waters commanded a company of prison guards at the Salisbury Military Prison. The addressee was most likely a guard at the prison. The cover some time in the past underwent a professional restoration with a cleaning and the expert replacement of the two back side flaps. Very nice Stone Y stamp which was not damaged in opening. Ex-Knapp Collection. $850.00

PAT318
9/20/2014
CSA Patriotic Cover UNUSED Type F7-7B  in full color. Very Fine.$100.00



RAILROADS

RR33

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel with a light but legible strike of the Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS to the left (date not fully apparent). Very clean cover which is not from the Rives Correspondence but is addressed instead to Major Wm S. Dabney, Charlottesville, Va. The addressee was not associated with the CSA Army but was a prominent planter in the Charlottesville area.
$250.00
RR35

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel with a decent strike of the Cobham Va C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS at the lower left 11 AUG (1863 by period docketing). The cover is from the Rives Correspondence addressed to Mrs. A. L. Rives Care of Lieut Col Alfred L. Rives, Engineer Bureau, War Department, Richmond, Virginia. Alfred Landon Rives (1834-1903) served mostly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau and was promoted Colonel in 1864. Very Fine. $425.00
RR36

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the usual weak strike of the Bristol V & T RR (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) CDS (date not apparent). Adversity Cover made from a printed unused Post Office Department Form which displays very well with the lower left corner flapped up. Addressed to Mrs. C. A. Calhoun, Allegheny Springs Montgomery Co.,Va. Very Fine. $650.00
RR39

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with a small upper sheet margin tied by a somewhat blurry strike of the oval Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) postmark (date not apparent). The original letter remains with the cover datelined “Wartrace, Tenn March 18, 1863.” The cover is from the Thompson Correspondence addressed to A. W. Thompson Esq, Jefferson PO Chesterfield Dist SC. From other letters in the correspondence, the sender was Private A. W. Thompson, Co C, 6th Ark Inf. In the letter Private Thompson is asking his father to enquire into the possibility of his transferring to a South Carolina unit in Adams Run SC and to followup with Capt Hough (Capt Hough’s Company Co K 6th SC Cav) as he had received no reply to his transfer request. Included with this group is a short letter from Capt Hough datelined “Adams Run March 13th 63” which is his reply. In this letter, Capt Hough outlines how complex such a transfer would be and and that basically the transfer would be impossible at this time. Private Thompson never received a transfer and remained with his unit subsequently receiving a severe wound at the Battle of Atlanta 7/22/1864 and did not survive the war. The cover is clean and complete. The letters are very legible as Private Thompson was very literate and wrote detailed letters. $500.00
RR40

CSA #2 Paterson (very faulty stamp with the left upper quarter of the stamp missing) tied by a much better than average strike of the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark FEB 9 1863. The original letter from the Thompson Correspondence remains with the cover datelined “Wartrace, Tenn Feb 2, 1863” and addressed to A. W. Thompson, Catarrh PO Chesterfield Dist SC. From other letters in the correspondence, the sender was Private A. W. Thompson, Co E, 6th Ark Inf. In the letter, Private Thompson gives details of the Battle of Murfreesboro (12/31/62-1/1/1863) “...my regiment lost 25 men killed at the battle of Murfreesboro...my last colonel was mortally wounded and taken prisoner...” In the letter he also requests that his father help him in getting a transfer to a South Carolina unit. Private Thompson was hospitlized in Knoxville 10/31/1863 - 12/31/1863. He served on detached duty as a police guard in the city of Knoxville in January 1863 before rejoining his regiment on 2/1/1863. He did not particiate in the Battle of Murfreesboro. He never received a transfer as he wanted but remained with his unit subsequently receiving a severe wound at the Battle of Atlanta 7/22/1864 and did not survive the war. Cover is clean with edge and corner wear and the faulty stamp. The letter is quite legible as Private Thompson was very literate and wrote detailed letters. $350.00
RR41

Soldiers Due Handstamp (no rate) with the usual blurry strike of the Wartrace N. & C. R.R. (Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad) postmark 14 MAY 1863. Addressed to Col John Duncan, Jackson, Miss. Endorsed across the top “Conner Co A 45 Miss Regt.” John Duncan was a prominent citizen of Jackson whose title of “Col” was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Period docketing at left further identifies the sender as “T. P. Conner.” A search of the records shows that Thomas P. Conner enlisted at Corinth as a private in Co A 45th Miss Inf in May 1862. He was quickly promoted Captain of Co A and is listed as captured as a POW at Triune, Ten 12/27/1862 (a minor skirmish). He was held at Camp Chase until exchanged at City Point, Va 4/29/1863. Cover dates about two weeks after his exchange. Capt Conner survived the war and was paroled at Jackson, Miss 5/15/1865. Cover is complete with a little light foxing on the front and old mounting marks on the reverse but still a Very Fine Soldiers Due Railroad Cover. Notation on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride and Ex-Kohn. $950.00
RR41
10/29/2014
Soldiers “Due 10” (ms) with the dateless Bristol V & T RR (Virginia and Tennessee Railroad) CDS. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Bolling Hall, Montgomery, Ala. Endorsed at upper left “J. E. Hall Lt Company E 2nd Batt Ala Legion.” Bolling Hall was a prominent planter citizen of Montgomery, Ala who had sons in the Confederate Army. John E. Hall was his third son who enlisted in 1861 at age 19. The unit in the endorsement was Hilliard’s Alabama Legion which was dissolved in November 1863 with parts of the Legion incorporated into the 60th Ala Inf and the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (later promoted Captain) with his two brothers, Bolling Jr and Crenshaw, continued service in the 59th Ala Inf. John E. Hall (1842-1882) is listed as wounded at Petersburg (Va) in 1864. Very clean cover.$500.00

-


PRISONER OF WAR

Libby Prison Richmond, Va Post War Photo.
POW68

Pair of Through-the-Lines POW Covers -- Both covers endorsed “Wm S. Moss Co B 4th Va Cav” and addressed to his home in Coalfield Chesterfield Co., Virginia. William S. Moss age 21 enlisted as a private 4/23/1861. He was captured as a POW at Germanna Ford, Va 9/19/1863 and confined first at Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC and then transferred to Point Lookout 9/26/1863. He was transferred again to Elmira NY 8/16/1864. At some point he was exchanged as he was back on the regimental rolls 3/10/1865 and surrendered at Huguenot Springs, Va 4/22/1865. The first cover dated July 1864 would be from his confinement at Point Lookout. This is an inside through-the-lines cover as there is no examiner’s markings and no evidence of federal postage which would have been on the outer envelope. There is a manuscript “per Flag of Truce” notation at the top and the soldier’s endorsement at the left. Cover arrived in Richmond and received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5f 30 JUL (1864) and the Arc Due 2 handstamp Dietz Type II which is a very scarce mark especially on a POW cover. Why only 2c due was assessed is not explained as it is clearly not a drop letter as it is addressed outside Richmond. The only possible explanantion is that it was a mistake on the part of the Richmond postal clerk that was not caught and corrected. The second cover is from SEP 1864 shortly after his transfer to Elmira NY. This cover bears the Elmira NY postmark and at one time had a federal stamp in the upper right corner which is now missing. The oval “Prisoner’s Letter Examined” Elmira handstamp is on the face of the cover as well as a manuscript “per Flag of Truce” and the prisoner’s endorsement. On arrival in Richmond, the Richmond, Va CDS was applied Powell Type 5g dated 29 SEP (1864) with a handstamp (Due) “10” Dietz Type B. The correct rate was assessed for this cover which has the same address as the first cover. These two covers complement each other and will only be sold as a pair.
$1,750.00
POW79

“DUE 3” handstamp with the Old Point Comfort, Va double circle CDS 24 MAR (1864) inside South-to-North POW cover which originated at Libby Prison in Richmond, Va. “Officers Letter Prisoner of War” manuscript at upper left and “per Flag of Truce boat” manuscript at upper right. Addressed to John Diehl Esq Care Mr. Apple, No 2 & 4 Gatzman Street, Philadelphia, Pa. The cover was sent by Capt Jacob Devine 71st Pa Inf who was captured as a POW at Gettysburg and confined at Libby Prison. No release date given, but he was mustered out of service 3/21/1865. Very small but complete cover (letter not present) with a little staining at the lower left but otherwise Very Fine. A second very similar small cover from the same correspondence is pictured on Page 94 of Galen Harrison’s POW book.
$2,000.00
POW92

USA #65 with a Target Cancel and the matching Sandusky, Ohio CDS to the left with a JUN 1864 date. North to South POW Cover from Johnsons Island to Mobile, Ala via Richmond, Va. On transitting Richmond, the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5f 30 JUL (1864) and the handstamp DUE 10 Dietz Type IV to assess the CSA postage were applied. The Richmond CDS also ties the Federal stamp. On arrival in Mobile, the Mobile, Ala handstamp “10” Dietz Type C was applied as a receiving mark. Period notation on the reverse indicates that the cover was received 14 AUG 1864. Endorsed at upper left “E. A. Holt Lt 38th Ala Regt Prisoner of War Johnsons Island.” Lt Holt was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and confined at Johnsons Island until released in June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. The Johnsons Island prison held only CSA officers, and the 38th Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. “Ex DSA” in manuscript at top which are the examining initials of DeAlva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Vols. “Per Flag of Truce Via Fortress Monroe, Va” manuscript at lower left. Very Fine.
$1,250.00
***********************************************************************
Group of four POW Covers (POW93 - POW96) from the correspondence of Capt Thomas F. Jones Company A 16th Battalion Georgia Cavalry. Capt Jones first served as an officer in the 14th Ga Inf but resigned in Oct 1861. He later joined the 16th Ga Cavalry Battalion which was a Partisan Ranger unit formed in the summer of 1862 and operated mainly in East Tennessee and Western Virginia. Capt Jones was captured as a POW at Blountsville, Ten 9/22/1863 and confined at Johnson’s Island until his release 3/22/1865. These four covers (no letters) from the Johnson’s Island prison date from FEB 1864 through JUL 1864 and are all four addressed to his wife, Louisa Y. Jones whom he married in 1860, in Georgia. Johnson’s Island housed only CSA officers.
POW93

USA #65 tied by a cork cancel with the matching large single rim Sandusky, O(hio) CDS to the left 30 JAN (1864). Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Louisa Y. Jones, Cartersville Bartow County, Georgia CSA. Endorsed at upper left “From Capt Thos F. Jones 16th Ga Batt Cavalry.” Manuscript at lower left “For Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe & City Point, Va.” Manuscript “Ex PAH” of the unidentified Johnson’s Island examiner. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5f 11 FEB (1864) and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type IV to assess the CSA postage. Very minor edge wear but still a Very Fine POW cover.
$750.00
POW95

USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the matching Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS to the left 2 JUL 1864. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Louisa Y. Jones, Care Dr. R. M. Young, Penfield, Georgia. Endorsed at upper left “From Thos. F. Jones Capt 16th Ga Batt.” Manuscript at lower left “For Flag of Truce.” Manuscript “Ex R” of the unidentified Johnson’s Island examiner. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6m 27 JUL (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type IV to assess the CSA postage. Backflap missing otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Malpass, Ex-Matz.
$850.00
POW96

USA #65 tied by a Target Cancel with the matching Sandusky, O(hio) double ring CDS to the left 24 JUN 1864. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Louisa Y. Jones, Care Dr. R. M. Young, Penfield, Georgia. Endorsed at upper left “From Thomas. F. Jones Capt Co A 16th Ga Batt Cav.” Manuscript at lower left “For Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe & City Point, Va.” Manuscript “Ex RPH” of the unidentified Johnson’s Island examiner. On transitting Richmond, the cover received the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6m 29 JUL (1864) which also ties the Federal stamp and Handstamp “Due 10” Dietz Type IV to assess the CSA postage. Minor backflap opening tears otherwise Very Fine.
$850.00
***********************************************************************
POW110

USA #65 with a Grid Cancel and the Delaware City, Del CDS 22 MAR to the left on a North-to-South POW cover from Fort Delaware. The CSA postage was pre-paid with a CSA #12 (AD) stamp (minor faults) affixed in the lower left corner and canceled by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS applied when cover transitted Richmond with a second strike of the same Richmond CDS at the upper right with an APR date. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. J. W. Johnston, Summerville, Ala In Care Gen Butler Comd of Post Ft Monroe, Virginia. An examiner’s “Ex” manuscript at upper left and the Powell Type 6- postmark dates the cover most likely to 1864. There is no soldier’s endorsement on the cover so do not know exactly who sent the cover but most likely from a soldier named Johnston in an Alabama unit writing home to his father. Most of the POW’s held at Fort Delaware were captured at Gettysburg. Cover is complete with just a little edge wear and a backflap opening tear.
$1,750.00
POW111

USA #65 tied by a Circle of Wedges Cancel with the New York City CDS to the left 8 JUN (1865). Addressed to a CSA POW James M. Morey, Harts Island, NY Harbor, Prison Camp 27. Period docketing dates the cover to 1865. Hart’s Island in Long Island Sound was the last prison established by the Union to house CSA prisoners of war and was in operation for only about four months at the end of the war. According to Galen Harrision, only 22 covers are reported from this prison and all are from the Morey Correspondence with most addressed to James Morey by either his mother or by relatives living in New York as is this cover. James M. Morey (1844-1923) enlisted in Co D 32nd Ten Inf 10/15/1862 and attained the rank of Corporal. He was captured as a POW at Orangeburg SC 2/15/1865 and confined at Harts Island until released after the war. A similar cover from the same correspondence is illustrated in Galen Harrison’s book on Civl War POW mail. Cover is Very Fine and a scarce item from an obscure prison.
$1,000.00
POW112

Union Handstamp “Due 6” with the Old Point Comfort, Va Union double ring postmark 24 OCT (1864) on South-to-North POW cover that originated at Libby Prison in Richmond, Va. Endorsed at upper left “Prisoners Letter E. B. Parker Capt 1st R I Cav.” Addressed to Ezra Parker Esq, West Littleton, New Hampshire. Ezra B. Parker (age 23) enlisted as a 1st Sergt 12/6/1861 in Co L 1st RI Cav subsequently attaining promotion to Captain of the Company. He was captured as a POW at Middleburg, Va 6/18/1863 and confined at Libby Prison until released 5/15/1864. After his release, he re-entered service as Captain of Co D 1st NH Cav until mustered out 7/15/1865. Very minor foxing but still a Very Fine Libby Prison Cover.
$2,000.00
POW114

Inside Envelope from a North to South POW Cover early in the war with the Blue Norfolk, Va CDS 21 DEC 1861 and matching Paid 5c Blue handstamp Dietz Type I. “By Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe” left with examiner’s mark at top right “ExJ.” Addressed to a Union POW Lieut Geo. W. Kenney, Prisoner of War, Care of Gen Winder, Richmond, Virginia. Since the outer cover would have been discarded at the Norfolk transfer point, no indication of exactly where in the North the cover originated. The only George W. Kenney of this rank at this time I could find was in the 71st Pa Inf (also known for a brief period as the 1st Califonia Infantry). Since Lieut Kenney was from Philadelphia, that is most likely where the cover originated. Lieut Kenney was most likely captured as a POW at Balls Bluff in OCT 1861 as that was the first engagement for the 71st Pa Inf in which the regiment suffered heavy casualites. At this time early in the war, the officers were held at the Ligons Tobacco Warehouse Prison in Richmond which would be the destination of this cover. Could find no further record on Lieut Kenney. This cover is from an early period in the war before formal routings for POW mail were established and represents a scarce routing through Norfolk, Va. Short letter from Galen Harrison accompanies the cover confirming the identity of the POW and the prison and identifying the examiner as William Jay, AAG on Union Gen Wool’s staff. Cover shows a heavy file fold at the right and a little light foxing.  See POW132 Below for another cover from the same correspondence.
$1,500.00
POW118

South-to-North POW Cover with the Old Point Comfort, Va CDS 18 JUL (1864) and Handstamp Due 6 which are Union marks applied at the transfer point. No Confederate postage so cover was most likely handcarried to Old Point Comfort where it entered the Union postal system. Manuscript “Prisoner’s Letter” at left with large manuscript “Examined WSS” at the upper right. Addressed to Mrs. Carrie O. Pierce, Bloomingdale Essex Co., N. Y. The examiner’s marking identifies the cover as origining at the prison at Macon, Ga (Camp Oglethorpe Prison for Union Officers) which was a stockade established in May 1864. “WSS” was W. S. Scott 1st Sergt 5th Ga Inf and dates the cover to mid July 1864. The cover was sent by Capt James H. Pierce Co C 118th NY Inf who was captured as a POW at Drewry’s Bluff (Va) 5/16/1864 and was held at Macon Camp Oglethorpe for Officers for an unknown period of time. Records show he was paroled some time in late 1864 or early 1865 and subsequently discharged from the Union Army due to disability 2/9/1865. Covers identified as coming from this prison are not commonly seen as Galen Harrison records only 28 known covers. Very Fine.
$2,000.00
POW120

North-to-South POW Cover with USA #65 with a BLUE Grid Cancel and the matching BLUE Sandusky, Ohio (Johnson’s Island) double circle CDS to the left 12 JUL 1863 to pay the Union postage. “Via Fortress Monroe per Flag of Truce” at lower left.  Cover transitted Richmond with the Confederate postage paid by a CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) which is tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5d 25 SEP 1863 which also ties the Union stamp. Addressed to Mrs. W. J. Green, Warrenton Warren County, North Carolina.  Manuscript “Examined R. Johnson” (Corpl Rufus Johnson 128th Ohio Vol Inf) at top center. The cover was sent by Col Wharton J. Green (1831-1910), a distinguished citizen of North Carolina who at the time of his capture was serving as an ADC staff officer to CSA General Daniels. Col Green was wounded at Gettysburg 7/1/1863 during the same attack in which Union General Reynolds was killed. He was captured as a POW a few days later on 7/4/1863 when the Confederate Army began the retreat from Gettysburg. Col Green was initially confined at Fort Delaware but was very soon transferred to Johnson’s Island. He was held at Johnson’s Island almost until the end of the war until exchanged in March 1865. A much more complete biography of Col Green in included with the cover. A very clean orange paper cover with some minor edge faults, some small edge repairs at the top not affecting the stamps or any of the postal markings, a small reduction at the right not affecting anything, and a missing backflap. Good strong strikes of the postal markings and an overall Very Fine appearance. $1,800.00
POW121

North-to-South POW Cover with USA #65 with a Target Cancel and the matching Delaware City, Del CDS 17 FEB (1865) to pay the Union postage.  Cover transitted Richmond where the Richmond, Va CDS (partial strike with a MAR 1865 date) was applied with the matching handstamp Due 10 Type IV to assess the CSA postage.  Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. Susan Wright, Chamblissburg, Bedford Co., Va.  “Per Flag of Truce” in manuscript at bottom.  Endorsed at left “From Peter M. Wright Capt Co B 58th Va Inf Prisoner of War.”  Peter Meador Wright (b1831) enlisted as a Sergt in Co B 58th Va Inf on 8/24/1861.  He was later promoted Captain of the company 8/3/1863.  Capt Wright is listed as wounded in the arm at The Wilderness (Va) 5/5/1864, wounded a second time in the side at Bethesda Church (Va) 5/30/1864, and captured as a POW at Winchester (Va) 9/19/1864.  After his capture, he was confined at Fort Delware until released after the war was over on 6/4/1865.  Very Fine Cover. $1,000.00
POW122

North-to-South POW Cover with USA #65 with a Target Cancel tying the stamp and the Sandusky, Ohio (Johnsons Island) double ring CDS to the left 3 AUG (1864) to pay the Union postage.  Cover transitted Richmond where the Richmond, Va CDS was applied which also ties the Union stamp and overlaps the Union marks along with the Type IV Handstamp Due 10 to assess the CSA postage. Addressed to Jno. W. Stovall Esqr, Sassafras Fork, Granville Co, No. Carolina.  Manuscript at lower left “For flag of truce via Old Point Comfort Care of Genl Comdg Dept of Va & NC.”  Endorsed at upper left “Wilkens Stovall Lt Co K 55th Regt NC Troops.”  Examiner’s manuscript covered by the postal markings.  Lt Stovall initially enlisted as a private in Co D 12th NC Inf on 4/30/1861 and was subsequently commissioned Lieutenant and transferred to Co K 55th NC Inf 5/6/1862.  He is listed as wounded at Gettysburg 7/1/1863 and captured as a POW at Falling Waters (Md) 7/14/1863.  He was confined initially at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC and then transferred to Johnson’s Island 8/8/1863.  He remained confined throughout the remainder of the war and was released 6/11/1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.  Cover is complete and only shows a little edge staining at the lower left, otherwise Very Fine.  Ex-Matz, Ex-Kaplan. $750.00
POW123

North-to-South POW Cover with USA #65 with a Target Cancel tying the stamp and the Sandusky, Ohio (Johnsons Island) double ring CDS to the left 22 MAR 1865 to pay the Union postage.  Cover taken to Richmond where the Richmond, Va CDS was applied (weak strike right over the Union stamp) 31 MAR 1865 along with the matching Type IV Handstamp Due 10 to assess the CSA postage.  This is the second last day of operation of the Richmond Confederate Post Office.  The fall of the city was imminent, and the post office went inactive on 4/1/1865, and Federal troops occupied the city on 4/3/1865. Peter Powell records a 1 APR 1865 cover from Richmond but none later. Addressed to Mrs. W. Winston Fontaine Care of Rev Dr Burrows, Box 39, Richmond, Virginia.  Since the final destination of the cover was Richmond, this should have been treated as a CSA Drop Letter and assessed Due 2 instead of Due 10.  Manuscript at lower left “Per flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe.”  Endorsed at upper left “W. Winston Fontaine (?) 46th Battn Va Cav.”  Oval Johnson’s Island Examiner’s Handstamp “J. CODER.”  William Winston Fontaine (1834-1917), a great grandson of Patrick Henry, held Virginia state rank as a Colonel of Artillery, but at the time of his capture was serving as a 1st Lieut in the 46th Battalion Va Cav.  He was captured as a POW while scouting behind enemy lines at Martinsburg WV 9/16/1864.  He was confined at Johnson’s Island until his release 6/16/1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.  Cover is complete with well sealed edge tears at the upper left involving the endorsement and into the oval handstamp.  Still a very clean cover with an overall Very Fine appearance. $2,000.00
POW126

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) -- Handstamp Due 10 Type IV with the Richmond, Va Type 5g 25 APR (1864).  This Richmond CDS is not recorded by Powell as used in April 1864.  He records the first use in May 1864.  Endorsed at left “A. S. Orr Camp Douglas, Ill Prisoner of War.”  Addressed to Mr. A. Orr, Lee Co., Va Hickory Flats PO.  The inside use is a POW cover with no examiner’s mark which was the inside cover.  The outer cover with the examiner’s mark and the Union postage would have been discarded at the transfer point.  The cover was refolded and used a second time.  2nd Use (outside) -- Handcarried outside the postal system to Mr. Isaac W. Woolf, Scott Co., Va.  There is a letter (no war references) with the cover to Mr. Isaac Wolfe but the letter obviously does not belong to this cover as the letter is in a different hand than the address, is dated 1862 which is not compatible with the cover, and shows a different spelling of the Wolfe name.  Alexander Orr (b1842) enlisted as a Private in Co G 64th Va Inf 8/13/1862.  He was captured as a POW at Cumberland Gap, Ten 9/9/1863 and confined at Camp Douglas until his Oath of Allegiance and release 6/15/1865.  The outside second use shows a little staining and foxing.  The POW use is clean.  Cover is complete but has been unfoldedfor display.  Most unusual to see a POW use as part of a turned cover. $750.00
POW128

Inside South-to-North Throuth-the-Lines POW Cover which originated in Charleston SC. Endorsed at left “Prisoner of War Letter Charleston SC” and “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. Union Annapolis, Md double ring CDS and Target with handstamp “Due 6” dated 20 OCT 1864.  Flag of Truce Boat most likely skipped Fortress Monroe and went on up to Annapolis where the cover entered the Federal mail system.  Blue paper cover addressed to Mr. Samuel B. Talpey, Lynn, Mass.  Cannot identify who sent the cover as there is no Union soldier listed as a POW named Talpey.  Backflap opening tear and professional edge and corner repairs to a Very Fine appearance.  Unusual POW usage Ex-Kohn, Ex-Walske. $750.00
POW129

South-to-North cover from Thomaston, Ga to POW at Camp Douglas, Ill.  Cover originated in Thomaston, Ga with the Thomaston, Ga CDS (date not fully apparent) and manuscript “Paid 10” for the CSA postage.  Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. James F. White, Co B 55 Ga Regt, Barracks No 12, Camp Douglas, Ill and routed through Richmond, Va.  The Federal postage was paid with a USA #65 stamp also tied by a second strike of the same Thomaston, Ga CDS which shows that the stamp was applied to the cover by the sender in Georgia.  No Union postal markings.  Very unusual to see a POW cover with the Federal stamp canceled only by the CSA postmark. “By Flag of Truce” at left.  Manuscript “Ex” and pencil notation on the contents “$10 Confederate Money” and “$1 US Banknote.” Additional manuscript notation “Can’t be found.”  Most of Co B 55th Ga Inf was captured at Cumberland Gap, Ten in 1863 and sent to Camp Douglas. But there is no James F. White recorded on the roster of the 55th Ga Inf, and he apparently could not be found at the prison.  So uncertain of the soldier’s actual fate due to lack of records.  Cover clean but shows some edge and corner wear.  Ex-Walske. $1,250.00
POW132

Inside Envelope from a North to South POW Cover early in the war with the Blue Norfolk, Va CDS 28 DEC 1861 and matching Paid 5c Blue handstamp Dietz Type I.  “Care General Winder” at upper left corner with examiner’s mark at top left “Exd DWC.”  Addressed to a Union POW Lieut Geo. W. Kenney, Prisoner of War, Richmond, Virginia.  Since the outer cover would have been discarded at the Norfolk transfer point, no indication of exactly where in the North the cover originated.  The only George W. Kenney of this rank at this time I could find was in the 71st Pa Inf (also known for a brief period as the 1st Califonia Infantry).  Since Lieut Kenney was from Philadelphia, that is most likely where the cover originated.  Lieut Kenney was most likely captured as a POW at Balls Bluff in OCT 1861 as that was the first engagement for the 71st Pa Inf in which the regiment suffered heavy casualites.  At this time early in the war, the officers were held at the Ligons Tobacco Warehouse Prison in Richmond which would be the destination of this cover.  Could find no further record on Lieut Kenney.  This cover is from an early period in the war before formal routings for POW mail were established and represents a scarce routing through Norfolk, Va.  See POW114 above for another cover from the same correspondence.  Very minor reduction at left not affecting  anything.  Very Fine Ex-Walske. $1,500.00
POW134

South-to-North POW Folded Letter complete originating from the the Roper Hospital in Charleston SC.  Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Day, Vassalboro Browns Corner, Maine.  “Via Flag of Truce” at lower left. There are no postal markings and no examiner’s marks.  Letter was handcarried outside the postal system to its final destination at least from the transfer point or perhaps from Charleston itself through the transfer point very likely carried by an exchanged prisoner returning home.  Another explanation is that it may have been an inner cover with the outer envelope discarded at the transfer point.  But most likely it never entered the mails at all.  The letter was sent by Capt John R. Day 3rd Maine Inf to his wife. The letter is a complete one page POW letter written on blue lined notebook paper which has been transcribed.  The letter is datelined “C. S. Mill Prison Charleston Aug 10 (`1864).”  In the letter, Capt Day states that the officers were removed from Libby Prison in Richmond to Macon, Ga on May 7th (1864) (Camp Oglelthorpe for Officers in Macon) and that they just arrived in Charleston on the day of the letter (Aug 10, 1864).  The officers transferred from Camp Oglethorpe were held at the Roper Hospital in Charleston.  These officers are sometimes referred to as the Union 600 as the housing of these Union officers in Charleston presumably under fire prompted the Union retaliation known as the Immortal 600.  The Union officer POWs did not remain long in Charleston as they were transferred in October 1864 to Camp Sorghum in Columbia SC.  So Capt Day had quite an odyssey as a POW.  John R. Day (1836-1889) entered service as a 2nd Lieut in Co H 3rd Me Inf 6/4/1861.  He was subsequently promoted 1st Lieut and Capt.  He was captured at Gum Springs (Va) 6/20/1863 (a minor action in Fairfax County). He remained confined at those various prisons until exchanged in late 1864.  Galen Harrison records only 19 covers from the Roper Hospital.  Despite its name, the Roper Hospital acted as a standard prison and did not care for sick or wounded POWs.  Very Fine item. $750.00
POW136

CSA #11 (AD) and USA #65 on South-to-North POW cover addressed to Mr. James S. Gill, Prisoner of War, Point Look Out MD.  The CSA stamp is tied by a faint manuscript “Kittrell NC NOV 10 (1864).”  The USA stamp is partially affixed over the left edge of the CSA stamp but is not canceled.  No Union postal markings of any kind, but the cover was obviously delivered to the prison perhaps by courier since it was reseasonably close to the transfer point as there is a manuscript notation “17th Jany Exchanged.”  Another manuscript notation indicates that the cover contained $3.00 in US Currency. Private James S. Gill enlisted 8/9/1864 in Co D 8th NC Inf.  He is listed as captured as a POW at Fort Harrison (Siege of Petersburg) 9/30/1864 and confined at Point Lookout. He was paroled at the James River 1/21/1865.  When the cover ultimately arrived at the prison, Private Gill must already have been transferred for parole.  Very clean cover and interesting POW usage. $750.00
POW137

South-to-North POW Cover from the Richland Jail to Massachusetts. This is an inner cover as there is a routing notation “Care of Genl Winder Richmond, Va” with the outer cover bearing the CSA postage discarded at the transfer point.  The cover entered the Union mail at Old Point Comfort, Va unpaid with the Old Point Confort, Va double circle postmark 19 APR (1864) and handstamp DUE 3. Addressed to Mr. Albion K. Tillson, Pembroke, Mass.  Endorsed at upper left “From Prisoner of War Per Flag of Truce via Richmond, Va.”  Examiner’s manuscript at upper right “Examined R. D. Senn Comdg Pot Gu (Post Guard)” which identifies the cover as coming from the Richland Jail in Columbia SC.  The cover was sent by Pvt Charles E. Tillson to his father.  Private Tillson of Co E 29th Mass Inf was captured as a POW in East Tennessee 1/15/1864.  Confined initially at the Richland Jail in Columbia SC, Pvt Tillson was subsequently transferred to Andersonville in May 1864 where he died 7/24/1864 and is buried at the Andersonville National Cemetery Grave #3898.  Very Fine.  CSA Certificate 1999. $2,000.00
POW141

USA #65 on a South-to-North inside POW Cover with the Old Point Comfort, Va Union CDS 28 JAN 1865. Blue paper cover with a POW address to Thomas G. Read, Point Lookout, Md. Co E 6th Division Care Maj Brady Prov Marshall. Period receiving docketing at the left dated Feb 11, 1865 states that the cover came from the prisoner’s wife in Waynesboro, Va. Manuscript “G” is the initial of the unidentified examiner. This would be the inner envelope of the through-the-lines letter with the outer envelope showing the Confederate postage discarded at the transfer point. Thomas Griffin Read (1835-1895) enlisted as a private in Co I 33rd Va Inf 7/11/1861 and was subsequently promoted Sergeant. The 33rd Va Inf was one of the regiments that comprised the famed Stonewall Brigade. Sergt Read fought in the Shenandoah Valley campaigns of 1862 and 1864 as well as the ANV campaigns from the Peninsula to the Wilderness. Sergt Read was listed as wounded in the thigh at the Wilderness 5/5/1864 and rejoined his unit in July 1864. He was captured as a POW at Winchester in September 1864 and confined at Point Lookout until paroled and exchanged in March 1865. Major Allen G. Brady was the Union Provost Marshall in charge of the prison. Minor reduction at the left but still a Very Fine andvery clean cover. $600.00
POW143

USA #65 with a Target Cancel and the matching Columbus, O(hio) double ring CDS 31 DEC (1863). Addressed to Mrs. C. Wall, Cynthiana, Kentucky. Manuscript “Examined Lt Col Paten” who at that time was the Camp Chase prison commander. The cover is not through-the-lines but was sent by Corpl William S. Wall of Co E 2nd Ky Cav (Dukes Cavalry) CSA commanded by Gen John Hunt Morgan to his mother Clementina Wall. Corpl Wall was captured as a POW during Morgan’s Ohio raid in 1863 and spent the remainder of the war confined. Very Fine Ex-Gallagher Collection. $500.00
POW145

South-to-North POW Cover addressed to Mr. Wm Piper, Prisoner of War, Point Lookout, Maryland. USA #65 with a cork cancel and the Union Old Point Comfort, Va 16 JAN (1865) postmark at the lower left. This is the inside envelope bearing the Union postage. The outer envelope with the Confederate postage would have been discarded at the transfer point. Period docketing in red “Oct 23, 1864 B. S. Allen Chaffins Farm, Va” would refer to the original contents with the letter date and the sender. The large manuscript “P” at the lower left is very likely an examiner’s mark which is not identified. The POW was Private William Piper Co A 23rd Ten Inf who was captured in June 1864 during the Siege of Petersburg. Private Brackenridge S. Allen was a member of the same company. The cover most likely represents Private Allen sending a letter to his POW friend far from home. The two side flaps are missing as well as the bottom backflap. The top backflap is intact, so the item is a bit more than a front and is very clean. Ex-Bogg. $350.00
POW148

USA #65 with a light Target Cancel and the matching Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 8 FEB 1865. North-to-South POW cover from Johnson’s Island addressed to Miss Maggie C. Wright, Clinton, North Carolina. The cover transitted Richmond on 11 FEB 1865 with the application of theRichmond, Va CDS and matching DUE 10 handstamp to assess the CSA postage. Johnson’s Island Prisoner’s Letter Examined G. S. B. oval handstamp. The examiner’s initials are those of Corpl George S. Brown 120th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Routing instructions at left “For Flag of Truce Via Fort Monroe.” Endorsed at upper left “From J. W. Wright Capt 20th NCT.” Capt Wright of Co F 20th NC Inf enlisted as a 1st Lt 5/9/1861 at age 22. He was listed as wounded at Gaines Mill (Va) 6/27/1862 and wounded a second time at Gettysburg 7/1/1863. He was captured as a POW at Rappahannock Station (Va) 10/30/1863 and confined first at Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC before his transfer to Johnson’s Island in NOV 1863. He was released 6/12/1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.The cover is addressed to his sister. Very Fine POW Cover.   $950.00
POW150

Through-the-Lines North-to-South POW cover from Johnson’s Island to Shelby Springs, Alabama with the Richmond, Va Powell Type 6q CDS 23 JAN (1865) and handstamp “Due 10” Type IV. This is an inside envelope obviously folded at the edges to fit inside another envelope of slightly smaller size with the outer envelope containing the Union postage and discarded at the transfer point. Endorsed at top “From Lt Mc Glasscock Prisoner of War” with notation “via Flag Truce” at lower left. Addressed to Col John F. Conoley, Shelby Springs, Alabama. The addressee was the Colonel of the 29th Alabama Infantry. The POW sending the cover was 2nd Lieut Macabees Glasscock (1823-1902) of Co B (Blount County Hornets) 29th Ala Inf. Lieut Glasscock entered service as a Sergeant on 9/22/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 7/31/1862. He was captured as a POW at the Battle of Nashville on 12/15/1864 (the last major engagement of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and held as a POW at Louisville before being transferred four days later to Johnson’s Island. He was released from prison 6/16/1865 and subsequently after the war relocated to Texas. Very Fine inside POW cover. $500.00
POW152

South-to-North through-the-lines POW cover undated (inside envelope). The origin of the cover in the South is unknown. Addressed to Mr. W. O. Hughey, US Penitentiary Prison, Rock Island, Ill Barracks No 28. Manuscript “Ex” in pencil at upper right. The cover bears an uncancelled USA #65 and no Union postal markings. Period notation at the upper right corner states that the cover contained cash ($5.00 US Notes). Through-the-lines POW covers containing cash were typically carried by military courier from the transfer point to the prison in order to avoid looting and did not go through the Union postal system hence the uncancelled stamp. A faded blue “Exchanged” manuscript marking applied when the cover arrived at the prison. Not known what happened to the $5.00 when the cover arrived and the addressee was no longer at the prison. The cover is also a Wallpaper adversity cover. Wallpaper used for a POW cover is not commonly seen. Pvt William Oliver Hughey (1841-1891) of Company C (Amite Rifles) 7th Miss Inf was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge (Ten) 11/25/1863 and later exchanged (date of exchange not given). Therefore, the cover most likely originated in Mississippi from a relative and dates sometime in 1864. Very Fine. $900.00
POW153

South-to-North POW Cover addressed to Mr. E. Rockhold, Bainbridge, Ohio. The cover originated from Corporal Elijah Rockhold Jr (1843-1924) of Co H 89th Ohio Inf to his father. Corporal Rockhold was captured as a POW at Chickamauga 9/20/1863 and paroled 3/3/1865 and mustered out of service with his unit 6/7/1865 in Washington DC. The original short POW letter remains with the cover and is datelined “Danville, Va Prison No 3 April 21st 1864.” Typical POW letter stating that he is well, hoping for an exchange, and that he would like some books to read. Letter also mentions that some prisoners were transferred a week earlier but he does not know where. This most likely refers to a transfer to Andersonville which became operational 2/27/1864. Corporal Rockhold would later be transferred to Andersonville himself. He also spent some time at Libby Prison and survived his 15 months of confinement. This cover either went as an inside envelope or by courier to the transfer point and entered the Union mail in Old Point Comfort, Va unpaid with the Old Point Comfort double circle CDS dated 2 MAY (1864) and handstamp “Due 3.” Examiner’s marking in pencil “Exd MM” for Major Mason Morfit, the commander of the Danville prison. Receiving docketing at left “Elijah Rockhold Jr Danville Va prison no 3 written 21st Apl 1864 came to hand May 7th 16 days coming from Danville.” Cover is complete with a little light soiling and foxing. Danville Prison POW covers are not commonly seen, and very few POW covers overall still have the original letter. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection, Ex- Walske Collection. $1,800.00
POW154

Extremely interesting North to South POW cover which originated at Camp Chase, Ohio with the circular Camp Chase oval “EXAMINED” handstamp. No Federal postal marks as the cover was carried by a released surgeon through-the-lines to Richmond where it was placed into the CSA postal system with a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS with a JAN (1865) date and Due 10 handstamp Dietz Type IV to assess the CSA postage. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. R. F. Dennis, White Sul Springs Greenbrier Co., Va. White Sulpher Springs is in that part of Virginia that was incorporated into the Union State of West Virginia in 1863. So technically the cover went through the CSA postal system to a Union address. However, Greenbrier County at this time was under CSA control so the CSA postal system was apparently still operating. Endorsed at upper left “W. A. Mulkay Surg 3rd Conf Cav” who was the released surgeon who carried the cover. “Dr. Mulkay” is also at lower left in the same hand as the address as the one who carried the cover. Also endorsed at upper right “R. F. Dennis Capt CSA.” who is the one who sent the letter to his wife. The original letter from Capt Dennis to his wife is still with the cover. It is the typical one page POW letter and talks about trying to arrange a special exchange. Dr. William A. Mulkey (mispelled on the cover) was a military surgeon on the medical staff of the Army of Tennessee. Dr. Mulkey was captured as a POW at Dalton, Ga in August 1864. Robert F. Dennis was an attorney from Greenbrier County who served as a staff officer in the Transportation Department. According to the history of Greenbrier County, Capt Robert Dennis was captured as a POW at Crows Tavern in Allegheny County, Va (date not given). Very Fine POW cover and letter with very interesting usage through Richmond to West Virginia. $1,800.00
POW155

USA #65 (minor faults) with a Target Cancel and a partial strike of the Columbus, Ohio CDS 28 AUG (1863). Cover from the well-known Bullock Correspondence originating at the Ohio State Penitentiary Prison from Major Robert S. Bullock to his wife Mrs. Mary F. Bullock Care Revd John G. Simsall. Robert S, Bullock was major of the 8th Ky Cav (CSA) attached to Gen John Hunt Morgan’s command. He was captured as a POW at Buffington Island, Ohio 7/20/1863 during Morgan’s Raid into Ohio. Gen Morgan himself was captured a few days later on 7/26/1863. Major Bullock was first confined at Johnsons Island but was transferred to Columbus, Ohio on 8/1/1863 with Morgan and other officers from Morgan’s units. On 3/25/1864, Gen Morgan and six others from his command escaped from the Ohio State Penitentiary, but Major Bullock was not one of the escapees. Instead he was transferred to Fort Delaware where he remained until the end of the war. The cover bears the examiner’s mark in red ink at the left “Examined W. A. Judkins ADC.” W. A. Judkins was a 1st Lt in the 52nd Ohio Volunteers. The Lexington Ky address was in Union territory, so the cover did not cross the lines. Galen Harrison records 43 covers from the Ohio State Penitentiary Prison. Sealed backflap opening tears but otherwise a very clean cover. CSA Certificate 2009 which states “Genuine” but incorrectly identifies the sender as Major John H. Bullock instead of Robert S. Bullock $550.00
POW156

North-to-South through-the-lines POW cover from Johnsons Island with USA #65 (minor faults) paying the Union postage Sandusky, Ohio Target 8 MAY 1864. Cover crossed the lines at Fortress Monroe with “Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va” at lower left. Cover taken to Richmond where a partial strike of a Richmond, Va Powell Type 6- CDS was applied over the Union postmarks with the handstamp “Due 10” Type P to assess the CSA postage. Endorsed at upper left “E. A. Holt Lt 38th Ala Regt Prisoner of War Johnsons Island.” Addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shephard Care of Hinson and Holt, Mobile, Ala. On arrival in Mobile, the Mobile, Ala handstamp “10” Type F was applied as a receiving mark. Period notation on the reverse indicates that the cover was received 19 JUN 1864 and is the 4th one received. Lt Holt was captured as a POW at Missionary Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and confined at Johnsons Island until released in June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. The Johnsons Island prison held mainly CSA officers, and the 38th Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit. “Ex DSA” in manuscript at top which are the examining initials of DeAlva S. Alexander 128th Ohio Vols. Very clean cover. $1,000.00
POW157



Two Covers from the same correspondence -- The first cover is a South-to-North through-the-lines POW Cover to Mrs. D. S. Bartram, Westport Fairfield County, Conn. The cover transferred at Old Point Comfort, Va 25 JAN (1864) with handstamp “Due 3” to assess the Union postage. Manuscript “For Flag of Truce” at upper left and “Officers Letter Prisoner of War DSB” at upper right. “Care of Bradley Hull” at lower left. The cover is from Lieut David S. Bartram of Co G 17th Conn Vol Inf. Lieut Bartram was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/1/1863. During his confinement, he was held at various prisons -- Libby, Danville, Macon, Columbia, Savannah, Charleston, and Goldsboro -- until his parole 3/1/1865 near Wilmington NC. This cover most likely dates from January 1864 when he was in Libby Prison as he is recorded as being confined at Libby Prison in late December 1863. He was known to have been at the Danville, Va prison in July 1864 from another cover in this correspondence. The transfer to Danville took place some time in mid May 1864. There is no examiner’s mark on this cover and no enclosure. The second cover is the same as the first except dated 3 MAY (1864) at Old Point Comfort, Va and would also be from Libby Prison since there is also no examiner’s mark just prior to the transfer to Danville. Both covers reduced a bit at left not affecting anything. Very clean pair of Libby Prison covers. $1,500.00
POW158

South-to-North through-the-lines POW Cover to Mrs. O. M. Endicott, Canton, Mass. The cover transferred at Old Point Comfort, Va 18 JAN (1865) with handstamp “Due 6” to assess the Union postage. This is a small but complete folded letter which confirms that the cover originated in Richmond at the Libby Prison. The letter is from Private William E. Endicott (1842-1908) of the 10th Mass Light Artillery to his mother. Private Endicott was captured as a POW at Reams’ Station (Va) 8/25/1864 and was later paroled. This letter was written not long after his capture and gives instructions on how to send a letter to him at Libby Prison. No examiner’s marks. Very Fine Libby Prison Folded Letter. $1,000.00
POW159

South-to-North through-the-lines POW Cover to W. F. Day Esq, New Haven Bank, New Haven, Conn. Endorsed at left “Prisoners Letter A. P. Day AADC.”  Transferred through Old Point Comfort, Va 10 MAY (1864) with handstamp "Due 3" to assess the Union postage. The cover was sent by Lt. Augustus P. Day of Co B 15th Conn Inf. Lt Day was captured as a POW at Plymouth NC 4/20/1864. His arrival at Libby Prison was documented in the Richmond Times Despatch (newspaper) on 4/27/1864. He was paroled 12/10/1864. No examiner’s mark. $1,000.00
POW161

USA #65 Target Cancel with the Sandusky, Ohio double ring postmark 22 JAN (1865). POW Cover with the Johnson’s Island oval handstamp examiner’s mark CHR (Chauncy H. Roberts). The cover is not through-the-lines as it is addressed to William G. Porter Esqr, #1630 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Penn. The original letter is present which identifies the CSA prisoner as Lieut James H. Wentworth writing to an old family friend asking for some assistance and a little money as he has been in prison for 18 months and needs some aid. Lieut James Hamilton Wentworth (1836-1893) of Co D 5th Fla Inf was captured as a POW at Gettysburg 7/3/1863. He was confined first at Fort Delaware before being transferred to Johnson’s Island. He was released at the end of the war. Very clean appearing cover but with some sealed opening tears at the upper left edge. The letter is Very Fine. $350.00
POW163

USA #65 with a cork cancel and the Old Point Comfort, Va double ring CDS 18 JAN (1865) on inside cover on a South-to-North through-the-lines cover addressed to a CSA POW at Point Lookout prison. Addressed to Private A. W. Burgess, Company I 25 Regiment So. Ca. Vols (25th SC Inf), Hokes Division, Andersons Corps, Point Lookout, Maryland, US. “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. “Care of Maj A. G. Brady Provost Marshall” at lower left. This is a cover FRONT ONLY, but the original letter remains datelined “Receiving & Forwarding Hospit Andersons Corps Novbr 26th 1864” from an SC soldier, A. L. Burgess, to the man that he hopes is his uncle. Even though only a front, still a good through-the-lines usage with the original letter. $350.00
POW166

USA #65 with a cork cancel and no postmark. POW address to Thomas G. Read, Co E Ninth Division Care of Maj Brady, Pt Lookout, Maryland. The addressee was Pvt Thomas Griffin Read (1836-1895) of Co I 33rd Va Inf. This regiment was part of the fame Stonewall Brigade. Pvt Read enlisted 7/11/1861 and is listed as captured as a POW at Winchester, Va 9/19/1864. He was confined at Point Lookout until exchanged 3/15/1865 and received his final parole at New Market, Va 4/20/1865. “Co E Ninth Division” in the address refers to a prison designation. Maj Brady mentioned in the address was Union Major Allen G. Brady who was the Provost Marshall of the prison in the final months of the war. Manuscript “L” is an examiner’s mark identified by Galen Harrison as having been used in JAN 1865, but the name of the examiner is not known. The cover would most likely have originated somewhere in Virginia from a family member of the POW with the outer envelope paying the CSA postage to the transfer point. This would be an inside cover with the Union stamp already affixed and then canceled at the transfer point where the outer envelope was discarded and the inside cover sent on to the prison. The cork cancel is consistent with the type of cancels used at Old Point Comfort at this time. Very Fine. $250.00
POW167
9/9/2014
USA #65 (4-Margin) tied by a geometric cork cancel with the matching small double ring Old Point Comfort, Va CDS 8 MAR. Manuscript “Flag of Truce” at upper left. Addressed to Mr. Mark A. Hardin, Prisoner of War, Ft Warren, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts. This is an inside South-to-North cover which from the correspondence is known to have originated in Kingston, Ga with the outside cover discarded at the transfer point. Manuscript “Exd” shows that the contents were examined at the transfer point. Mark A. Hardin was from a prominent Georgia family in Kingston and was commissioned Captain in the 1st Ga Cav. Records show that he was captured on 4/23/1863 by Union naval personnel on a blockade runner while attempting to run the blockade. He was sent to Fort Warren as a naval prisoner where he remained until the end of the war. There is no record of any significant service with the 1st Ga Cav other than his commission as Captain of Co H, so his service with that unit must have been brief and not associated with his capture. Very Fine cover. $350.00
POW168
9/20/2014
USA #65 Target Cancel with the matching Sandusky, Ohio double ring CDS 8 JAN 1865. Orange paper POW cover from the Johnson’s Island prison to Miss Georgie C. Woods Care of B. B. Cheatham Esqr, Nashville, Tenn. Oval Prisoner’s Letter Examined CSB handstamp Type A from Johnson’s Island. Cover from an unidentified CSA POW at Johnson’s Island, most likely a Tennessee soldier (officer) writing home to a friend or relative. This is not a through-the-lines cover as Nashville was Union occupied early in the war. Ink stain at right edge.$150.00
Contemporary CDV of Libby Prison in Richmond, Va 1864. The CSA second national flag is flying from the top of the prison. The figures at the bottom right are two civilian men with a child between them and a Confederate officer in uniform with what appears to be a slave holding the officer's horse.
Enlargement of the figures showing the Confederate officer with the slave holding the horse.


BLOCKADE

BLK2

Incoming Trans-Atlantic Liverpool, England to Augusta, Ga April 1861. Cover is a folded business letter complete datelined in Liverpool 12 APR 1861 (Fort Sumter Day) and addressed to Wm M. D’Aubignac Esqr President of the Augusta Insurance & Brokerage Co., Augusta, Ga. Manuscript “Asia via Queenstown” routing at the upper left. Cover taken unpaid directly to the packet ship “Asia” of the Cunard Line which departed Liverpool 13 APR 1861 arriving in New York 25 APR 1861. Full strike of the N. York Br. Pkt “24” mark applied on arrival 25 APR 1861 indicating 24c due on delivery for the Trans-Atlantic crossing with “19cents” handstamp indicating credit to Britain for the crossing on the British Packet leaving 3c for the inland delivery to Augusta plus 2c penalty for not being prepaid. Cover falls into the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia. This is also after Lincoln declared the blockade (19 APR 1861) but before the blockade was actually in place and before the US Postal Service ceased delivery to the South. Little edge water staining at top left but otherwise a Very Fine cover.
$750.00
BLK7

Incoming Trans-Atlantic France to Charleton Blockade Cover September 1863. The cover has the large handstamp “6” on the face of the cover which is a known and listed incoming ship mark used on blockade mail arriving in Charleston SC. The “6” on the cover is believed to represent an in-port ship fee on incoming blockade mail addressed to Charleston. This cover is from the Buckmyer Correspondence addressed to Cornelius L. Buckmeyer Esqr, Charleston, South Carolina Confederate States of America. This cover carried Letter #22 from the addressee’s wife datelined “Tours (France) 16 September 1863.” The original letter is still with the cover and is very lengthy but extremely fragile as the paper it was written on was very thin and is now very brittle. The letter is on the verge of falling apart. The cover was carried privately across the Atlantic and entered Charleston via blockade runner where it received the incoming rate “6” handstamp. Minor vertical file fold at left otherwise a Very Fine cover.
$2,000.00
BLK8

Outgoing Trans-Atlantic Blockade Cover from Savannah, Ga to Rome, Italy Care of Barring Brothers & Co, London, England from the Locke Correspondence. The Locke Correspondence is known to have originated in Savannah, Ga. This cover is No 57 in the correspondence and dated by docketing to March 19, 1863 and received in Rome May 11, 1863. There are no postal markings on this cover as it did not by itself enter the mails. Docketing indicates that three letters were received together. The cover was carried by blockade runner to London and put into the hands of the forwarding agents for delivery to Rome. The agents in London would combine several letters from the correspondence together as they came in and send several at once off to Rome in the same packet as is what happened with this cover. Part of backflap missing and a very minor corner repair at bottom left. Still a very clean cover from a very well documented blockade correspondence.
$1,500.00
BLK9

Incoming Trans-Atlantic Pre-Blockade Cover Liverpool, England to Confederate Augusta, Georgia via Boston. Addressed to W. M D’Anlignac Esqr President of the Augusta Insce & Bkg Co (Insurance and Borkerage Compnay), Augusta, Ga. Folded Letter Complete (interesting business letter concerning the cotton trade in the early Confederate period) datelined Liverpool, England 22 March 1861. Liverpool backstamp dated 23 MAR 1861. Cover was sent unpaid with manuscript “America via Queenstown” at top left. The cover was carried by the packet “America” of the Cunard Line which departed Liverpool 23 MAR 1861 and Queenstown the next day arriving in Boston 5 APR 1861. On arrival in Boston, the cover received a full strike of the “Br Packet Boston” CDS dated 5 APR (1861) and a large handstamp “48” in black indicating that 48c was due on receipt which was the double weight trans-Atlantic rate. Trans-Atlantic covers at this time were allowed to be sent unpaid with the postage paid on receipt by the addressee. The cover dates to the USA Used in the CSA period for Georgia but prior to the establishment of the blockade. Very Fine.
$600.00
BLK13

Outgoing Trans-Atlantic Pre-Blockade Cover from the Locke Correspondence Savannah, Geo to Rome, Italy.  Cover sent unpaid with two partial strikes of the Savannah, Geo “Stars” postmark 25 JAN 1861 and handstamp “42” for the trans-Atlantic rate to Rome.  Various manuscript markings for rate credit and debits which are a bit complex to figure out as some of them have been lined through as apparently incorrect.  Cover traveled through New York with New York “6” postmark 30 JAN (1861) indicating 6c due the USPS for unpaid inland delivery from Savannah to New York.  Cover crossed the Atlantic on the British Cunard Packet Asia which departed New York 30 JAN 1861 and arrived in Queenstown 10 FEB 1861.  Cover sent on to Rome through France with a French transit mark on the face of the cover dated 12 FEB 1861 and the Rome receiving mark on the reverse dated 18 FEB 1861.  So both Britain and France would get their cut of the postage as well.  The “Kept 36” manuscript at the top would indicate the amount remaining after the USPS received their 6cts for inland delivery.  The “Baj: 64” at the bottom is the local Italian currency equivalent of the time (64 Bajocci) due on delivery in Rome.  Very interesting cover for the student of complex Trans-Atlantic Mail.  Cover dates from the limited Georgia Independent State period.  Minor sealed tear at bottom center.  Very Fine Ex-Walske. $1,500.00
BLK14

Outgoing Trans-Atlantic Pre-Blockade Cover Savannah, Geo to Edinburgh, Scotland.  Cover addressed to Messers John Jeffrey & Co, Edinburgh, Scotland with routing instruction at the top left  “Per Canada.”  It appears that the sender wrote “Liverpool” by mistake and lined it out before writing in “Edinburgh.”  Clear strike of the Savannah, Geo “Stars” postmark 29 MAR (1861) with handstamp “24” for the trans-Atlantic rate to Britain.  Cover sent unpaid through New York with the New York Br. Pkt “5” postmark 2 APR 1861 indicating 5c due the USPS for unpaid inland delivery Savannah to New York.  Cover was taken most likely by train in a closed bag to Boston where it was put on the British Cunard Packet Canada which departed Boston 3 APR 1861 and arrived in Queenstown 15 APR 1861.  Edinburgh receiving mark on the reverse dated 17 APR 1861.  The manuscript squiggle on the face of the cover is “1/- “ which means 1 shilling due on delivery which is the British equivalent of 24cts.  Cover is a folded business letter complete “...Our political affairs are not entirely settled.  No hope however that business will continue to improve...”  Cover dates from the USA Used in CSA Georgia period.  Vertical central file fold but still Very Fine Ex-Birkinbine, Ex-Walske. $1,000.00
BLK15

Outgoing Trans-Atlantic Blockade Cover from Savannah, Ga to Rome, Italy Care of Barring Brothers & Co, London, England from the Locke Correspondence.  The Locke Correspondence is known to have originated in Savannah, Ga.  Period docketing dates the origin of the cover to 3 NOV 1862.  The cover was taken privately to Charleston and carried by the blockade runner Leopard which departed Charleston 10 NOV 1862 and arrived in Nassau 14 NOV 1862.  Blue oval forwarder’s handstamp on the reverse “Forwarded by Sawyer & Menendez Nassau.”  Notation on the backflap signed by Menendez “answered this & sent to Barrings.”  Sawyer & Menendez held the cover until the sailing of the Cunard British West Indies Packet British Queen which departed Nassau 24 DEC 1862 and arrived in New York 28 DEC 1862.  The cover was placed into the British mail system closed bag in Nassau and routed to London through New York by British mail.  Manuscript 1/- added to the cover for one shilling due for the trans-Atlantic crossing.  Cover crossed the Atlantic on the Cunard British Packet Scotia which departed New York 31 DEC 1862 and arrived in Queenstown 10 JAN 1863.  Cover delivered to Barring Brothers in London who paid all the postage as evident by the red Lombard Street PAID London postmark 12 JAN 1863 and forwarded the cover on to Rome.  French transit mark on the face of the cover and Rome receiving mark on the reverse 19 JAN 1863.  Cover with a little edge wear and a small sealed edge tear at top left.  Internal fold reinforced with archival tape.  Still a Very Fine outgoing blockade cover with a scarce use of a forwarder’s handstamp Ex-Walske. $3,000.00
BLK17

Outgoing Blockade Cover Charleston to New York City.  The cover is addressed to Mrs. C. Carson Care E. Detmold Esq, Trinity Building, New York (City).  The Carson Correspondence is known to have originated in Charleston SC.  The addressee in New York was Caroline Petigru Carson whose father was James L. Petigru, a lawyer and Union sympathizer in Charleston and the one who sent the cover through the blockade to his daughter.  Notation on the cover indicates that the original letter which is no longer with the cover was datelined Charleston SC Sept 9, 1862.  The cover would have been carried by the blockade runner Scotia which departed Charleston 26 SEP 1862 and arrived in Nassau 30 SEP 1862.  The cover entered the British mails in Nassau and received the red Nassau PAID postmark dated 2 OCT 1862 and a large red manuscript “4” showing that the 4p British rate Nassau to New York had been paid.  The cover was too late for the Sept sailing to New York so had to be held by the forwarder until the 27 OCT 1862 sailing of the Cunard British West Indies Packet British Queen which arrived in New York 1 NOV 1862.  On arrival in New York, the New York Ship Letter 5 postmark dated 1 NOV 1862 was applied over the Nassau mark indicating that 5c was due the USPS on delivery.  Period notation on the backflap “Most happy to have the opportunity of forwarding you a letter fresh from the hands of your excellent father Nov 1/62 C. E. D. (C. E. Detmold).”  As an aside, C. E. Detmold was the designer of some of the early locomotives used on the South Carolina Railroad.  This correspondence was the subject of an American Philatelist article in August 1967 and another article in the Aug-Oct 1989 Confederate Philatelist by Morris Everett.  This cover is pictured in both articles.  Copies of the two articles are included with the cover.  Backflap opening tear and a few minor file folds.  Very Fine Appearance and excellent blockade usage.  Ex-Everett, Ex-Walske. $2,000.00
BLK19

Trans-Atlantic Cover Hamburg, Germany to New Orleans, La Aug-Sep 1861.  The cover is a folded letter complete in English concerning cotton. The letter is datelined Hamburg 24 July 1861 but was not posted until later in August with the red Hamburg postmark dated 21 AUG 1861.  Red Aachen PAID 50cts transit mark on the face of the cover dated 23 AUG 1861 indicating that postage had been paid.  Addressed to a business in New Orleans Care of Messers Walter & Corbutt, New York.  Red “N. York Br. Pkt. 60 PAID” credit handstamp on the face of the cover dated 5 SEP (1861).  Manuscript “Stmr from Liverpool” across the top.  The only British sailing compatible with those dates was the Cunard packet “Arabia” which sailed from Liverpool on 24 AUG 1861 and arrived in Boston 5 SEP 1861.  Cover could have been taken immediately by train from Boston to New York.  There are no notations or markings to indicate that the letter ever made it to New Orleans as it arrived in New York after all through-the-lines overland express mail service had been suspended.  Since the cover survives, the cover was very likely delivered to the New York forwarding agents and then sent on to New Orleans by the forwarding agents under a separate cover to Havanna and then by a blockade runner from Havanna to New Orleans or perhaps through Mexico to New Orleans. These routings to New Orleans through New York forwarding agents after the suspension of mails are known to have taken place with other covers. Cover has some edge wear and fold faults only apparent when the letter is unfolded.  Very interesting cover which bears further research. $500.00
BLK23

Incoming Blockade Cover from New York City to Aiken SC via Nassau, Bahamas and Charleston SC -- The original letter remains with the cover dated New York City 19 Aug 1864. The cover arrived in Charleston SC on 3 DEC 1864 with the application of the small double circle Charleston SC CDS on that date. Records show that the blockade runner Laurel arrived in Charleston from Nassau on that date. Period receiving docketing at the left indicates that the letter was received 3 DEC 1864 and the sender’s name was Mrs. J. D. Parkinson. The full address is to The Revd J. H. Cornish, Aiken, South Carolina. Manuscript “12” in pencil indicating 10cts due for inland CSA postage plus 2cts ship rate with no SHIP or STEAM-SHIP handstamp. The cover is listed as BI-Ch-75 on Page 248 of the Walske-Trepel book. However, in the book the name of the addressee was misread as “McCormick.” Cover shows a little edge wear and part of the backflap is missing. Still a very fine inbound Charleston blockade cover with the original letter confirming the point of origin. $1,600.00
BLK24

Pre-Blockade Cover from England to Athens, Alabama. The original letter is with the cover and is datelined “Compton near Newbury (England) Feb 9 (1861).” Two strikes of the Newbury postmark on the front of the cover 9 FEB 1861 with a London transit mark in red on the reverse 11 FEB 1861. The cover was sent unpaid and upon arrival in New York received the New York Am Pkt 24 postmark dated 2 MAR (1861) indicating that 24c was to be collected for the trans-Atlantic postage. The handstamp “3” in black is a debit mark. The closest sailing I could find to match the dates was the Inman Packet Edinburgh, which carried American contract mail, sailing from Liverpool on 11 FEB 1861 and arriving in New York 1 MAR 1861. Cover addressed to Mr. Luke Pryor, Athens, Alabama, United States of America. Cover is prior to the blockade but after Alabama seceded and joined the CSA. The letter is from the addressee’s brother John Benjamin Pryor and mentions secession -- “...so sorry to hear of the Secession of the States. What will be the result? Won’t Congress grant the Southern States all they ask? If not what will be the end...” Luke Pryor (1820-1900) lived at the Sugar Creek Planatation in Athens, Ala and was a lawyer and politician and served briefly as a US Sentator from Alabama in 1880. His brother, John Benjamin Pryor (1812-1890), was a noted race horse trainer from Natchez, Miss who relocated to England in 1861 and returned to the USA in 1872. Very Fine pre-blockade cover and letter from England to Confederate Alabama. $500.00


MISCELLANEOUS


MSC106

Two Express Covers from the Howell Cobb Correspondence -- The first cover is addressed to Major General Howell Cobb CSA in Macon, Georgia and originated from his wife in Athens, Geo with “per Express” in manuscript at lower left and “Value $25” in manuscript at upper left. Manuscript “Free” with the express agent’s initials which are not decipherable. No postal markings as cover was a money letter carried entirely by the Southern Express Company. Why these covers were carried free by the Southern Express Company to important individuals is not entirely known. The second cover is addressed to Mrs. Howell Cobb in Macon, Geo. At lower left in manuscript “Per Express” and in manuscript at upper left “Value $20.” At upper right is the manuscript notation from the Southern Express Company “DH” which stood for “Dead Head” indicating that the cover was carried free of charge. This is an unusual designation which has been seen on other express covers about which little is known. I have included a copy of a short article titled “Deadhead Express Cover” by W. Clinton McGee in the Nov-Dec 1975 issue of the Confederate Philatelist. This article gives a little information on these covers, but certainly more research needs to be done in this area. Both covers have the wax seals on the reverse with the second cover having a seal with the Eagle and Anchor imprint of the Navy. The covers are clean and attractive with the first cover missing a backflap and with a minor edge repair at upper right. The second cover has a restored upper right corner which does not affect any of the markings. The covers are not dated but are clearly Confederate as the first cover has the Maj Gen CSA designation and the second cover complements the first. The second cover has a CSA Certificate 1997 which states that it is a genuine express cover but no opinion as to the year of usage. The two covers will only be sold as a pair.
$500.00
MSC127

Letter Only (no cover) datelined “Savannah (Ga) Jan 6th 1871.” The letter is completely in the hand of and signed by Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston. He is writing to his friend and former trusted CSA General R. F. Hoke asking for Gen Hoke’s recollections of the Bentonville Campaign as he is preparing a sketch of the campaign which would be incomplete without Gen Hoke’s input. Very Fine.
$1,500.00
MSC138

CSA #11 (AD) Horz Strip of 4 (4-Margin) affixed to cover but uncancelled and no postal markings. Stamps appear absolutely original to the cover and are tied by period staining. The stamps were affixed undoubtedly to pay the Trans-Mississippi rate from Louisiana to Richmond, but the cover was handcarried instead most likely by Military Courier. Military Address to Col H. M. Favrot, Superintendent army records for Louisiana, Richmond, Va Care of Col J. N. Galleher Nachitoches (Louisiana). The sender routed the cover through Col Galleher in Nachitoches, La. Col J. N. Galleher was a staff officer and the Assistant Adjutant General for the Military Department of Arkanasa and West Louisiana. The addressee, Col Henry M. Favrot (1826-1887) started the war as Captain of Co F 4th La Inf. He participated in the battle of Shiloh and was stricken with typhoid fever at Corinth. After his recovery, he was sent to northern Virginia with the rank of colonel to gather all the records of the Army of Northern Virginia. This he did and remained in active service till the end of the war. After the war, he engaged in the practice of law and was a member of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention in 1879. Cover is also a Wallpaper Adversity Cover in a gold color with a geometric type leaf pattern. This cover is listed in the Kreiger 1984 Monograph on the Trans-Mississippi Mails as WS1, a cover needing further study. The research of the two officers involved definitely dates the cover to late in war in the 40c Trans-Mississippi period, and the known locations of the two officers prove Trans-Mississippi use West to East from Louisiana to Richmond, and the period staining tying the stamps to the cover certainly indicates that the stamps are original to the cover. Molesworth notations on the reverse and Ex-Finney (a CSA Collector of the 1940’s). Very Fine.
$2,500.00
MSC142

Lettersheet only (no cover) with Confederate States of America Ordnance Depot Richmond Arsenal imprint. This is currently a Dietz unlisted imprint. The lettersheet is used and dated 31 JAN 1865 and deals with the delivery of Leather signed by a clerk for Capt J. Dinwiddie Commg. James Dinwiddie (1837-1907) was a staff officer assigned to the Richmond Arsenal 1863-1865. Very Fine imprinted lettersheet.
$250.00
MSC143

“Jefferson Davis U.S.S.” free frank as United States Senator postmarked Oakland, Md 1 AUG and addressed to J. F. Callan, Washington DC.  The cover is undated as to year and is from an unusual location for a Jefferson Davis free frank.  Oakland is located in western Maryland in the Allegany Mountains and was known in the 1850’s for its “cool air” in the summer.  In 1859, the Glade Hotel in Oakland opened for its first season and was filled with visitors.  One of those visitors was Jefferson Davis who in the summer of 1859 was not well and spent three weeks in Oakland under the care of Dr. J. Lee McComas.  From these historical facts, the cover can be reasonably dated to 1859.  The addressee, John F. Callan, held two important positions in the US Government begining in 1852 -- Clerk of the Senate Military Committee and Clerk in the Adjutant General’s Office.  He owed his appointments directly to the sponsorship of Senator Davis.  Shortly after taking office as President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis tried very hard to lure Mr. Callan away from Washington to serve as Chief Clerk of the new Confederate War Department.  However, Mr. Callan remained in Washington and never accepted President Davis’ offers to serve the Confederacy.  Very minor sealed backflap opening tear, otherwise a Very Fine cover with a very bold signature. $2,500.00
MSC149

“Southern Confederacy” Illustrated Advertising Cover which easily could be mistaken for a CSA Patriotic Cover. The “Southern Confederacy” was the name of an Atlanta, Ga newspaper which began publication in February 1859. Elaborate advertising scene in red reflecting Industry, Commerce, and Agriculture. The cover is from the Alexander H. Stephens Correspondence addressed to the Vice-President in Crawfordville, Ga. The cover was handcarried outside the postal system and has no postal markings. Period notation at the lower left in the same hand as the address “From the Editor of the So Confederacy Atlanta, Ga.” The backflap is still attached which is unusual for this correspondence. Short summary concerning the contents is present on the back as usual “J. Hendley Smith Atlanta concerning publication of AHS speeches.” The period notation on the reverse dates the cover to June 1861. Minor reduction at the top and a small top right edge repair and a top right corner repair with a little right edge toning which do not detract from an otherwise very clean appearing cover. This design is scarce with only a handful of covers known and is one of the most well-known of all the Confederate Advertising Covers. $1,800.00
MSC154

Wallpaper cover undated and handcarried outside the postal service from the well-known Hagood Correspondence. Addressed to Jas E. Hagood Esq, C C Pickens CH SC. James E. Hagood was the clerk of the circuit court at Pickens CH and his business correspondence is extensive. “Politeness of Col Mitchell” at the lower left identifies the one who carried the cover. Very  Fine displayed with the backflap folded down. $250.00
MSC155



Immediate Post War Union Document dated 24 MAY 1865 from Union occupied Augusta, Ga granting permission for Mr. A. C. Hood to keep his Colts Revolver and D(ouble) B(arrel) Shotgun. Signed by Fred Wilkinson, Capt 128th N(ew) Y(ork) S(tate) T(roops), A(cting) A(ssistant) Provost Marshall. The “Permission Form” is printed on the back of an unused Requisition Form for stationery. Expected vertical file folds and some minor staining but still a Very Fine appearance. $100.00

MSC159
10/12/2014
Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings. The cover has the “Ochlockonee Light Infantry” boxed printed corner card at the upper left. Addressed to Miss E. C. MacLean, Thomasville, Geo Favor of J. R. Braswell. There was once a stamp on the cover but has since been removed. The original letter is with the cover datelined “Brunswick (Ga) Aug 1st 1862.” The Thomasville Zoaves was a pre-war militia unit which changed its designation to the “Ochlockonee Light Infantry” and entered Confederate service becoming Co B 29th Ga Inf. The letter is from John E. MacLean to his sister. John Ewen MacLean (1840-1865) entered service as 4th Sergt Co B 29th Ga Inf 7/27/1861 and was commissioned 2nd Lieut 3/5/1863. He survived the war only to die in Thomasville in Sept 1865 of unspecified causes. Short letter (transcription included) about a boat trip, dances, and shooting alligators. Brunswick is on the Georgia coast just north of the Florida state line. At this time, the regiment was assigned to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. John R. Braswell, a private in the same company, handcarried the cover as a favor to his Lieutenant probably going home on furlough. Private Braswell survived the war. Not a commonly seen military corner card.$200.00

MSC160
11/29/2014
Adversity Cover with no postal markings (handcarried outside the postal system) addressed to Mr. John James, Grove Station, Greenville District, South Carolina. The cover is made from a used Port of Savannah shipping document dated 1857, so the handcarried use is very likely from the Conmfederate period. Displayed flapped up from the lower left cornershowing an eagle illustration. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. $100.00


OLD TIME COLLECTION

Old Time Confederate General Issue Cover Collection

28 JUL 2013 -- A collection of 28 General Issue covers formed in 1949 that has not seen the collector's market in over 60 years. This is a very general collection of various stamps and usages. The covers are presented together as they were originally collected but are for sale and priced individually. 

-- Old Time Collection --

BUSH EXHIBIT
 9 NOV 2013
The Bush Exhibit / Collection is now posted and ready for sale.
 The collection can be accessed using the link below.

CSA STAMPS and POSTAL HISTORY

-- Bush Exhibit --  

STRAIGHTLINE, FANCY, and UNUSUAL CANCELS on CONFEDERATE
GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS
General Conrad L. Bush's Award Winning Exhibit/Collection

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CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels

A grouping of both covers and off-cover stamps from the Conrad Bush Collection / Exhibit of CSA Fancy and Unusual Cancels on General Issue Stamps many of which were used as illustrations in his definitive 1997 book on the subject. All the covers listed in this section have been sold, but the listing remains posted for examination and reference purposes only.

-- OLD Bush Exhibit --


TEFFS COLLECTION

Independent State and USA Used in the CSA

Presented here is the Independent State and USA Used in the CSA postal history collection (41 covers) formed by Confederate Stamp Alliance Past President Ron Teffs of California. The collection was formed over a number of years with an eye specifically for quality and rarity. The covers in this collection are all major items of Confederate Postal History. The collection is presented with the covers listed chronologically beginning with the First Day of the Confederate Period (20 DEC 1860) and extending into June 1861. All the covers in this collection have been sold individually. However, the entire collection is presented intact for all to review and enjoy as it is not often that such material is seen together in one place.

-- Teffs Collection --



-- Confederate Order Form --

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Postal History Part 6

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