Teffs Collection

Independent State

USA Used in the CSA

Back to Postal History Part 7

Presented here for the first time is the Independent State and USA Used in the CSA postal history collection (41 covers) formed by current Confederate Stamp Alliance President Ron Teffs of California. The collection was formed over a number of years with an eye specifically for quality and rarity. The covers in this collection are all major items of Confederate Postal History and are definitely not for the faint of heart. The collection is presented with the covers listed chronologically beginning with the First Day of the Confederate Period (20 DEC 1860) and extending into June 1861. All the covers in this collection have been sold. But because these covers are so significant, this page will remain intact with all 41 covers for reference purposes.

RT1

USA Star Die Grid Cancel and the Charleston SC large single rim CDS 20 DEC 1860. Addressed to Mr. Wm Ellison, Stateburg., So. Ca. This is the ultimate Confederate First Day Cover as it is dated on the Secession Day of South Carolina (the first state to secede and therefore the first day of the Confederate Period) from the city where it all started. The cover is slightly reduced at the left and only very slighty reduced at the top not affecting anything. Extremely Fine Appearance. CSA Cerificate #3174 from 1998 signed by Jerry Palazolo. Ex-Antrim.
SOLD
RT2

USA Star Die Grid Cancel with the Aberdeen, Miss CDS 9 JAN 1861. Addressed to Wm Robertson, New York, NY. Mississippi Secession Day Cover. PF Certificate # 0138027 from 1984. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT3

USA 6c Red Postal Stationery #U12 Grid Cancel with the Charleston SC large single rim CDS 19 JAN 1861. Addressed to Genl R. H. Nelson, Stateburg SC. “Official In Haste” manuscript at lower left. South Carolina Independent State. Cover is legal sized and is believed to be the only known example of a used legal sized #U12 cover, but I am unable to definitely confirm this. Very Fine. Ex-Hill.
SOLD
RT4

USA #26a Target Cancel with the small single rim Athens, Ala CDS 20 JAN 1861. The 1861 year of use is confirmed by period docketting at the left. Light orange paper cover addressed to Col H. M. Ledbetter, Courtland, Ala. Alabama Independent State. Very Fine. PF Certificate #82 722 from 1980.
SOLD
RT5

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside): USA #26 Grid Cancel and also tied by the Savannah, Ga CDS 25 JAN 1861 (Georgia Independent State) addressed to Mr. Winston Stephens, Welaka, Fla. The inside use also has a small Advertising Corner Card for “Erwin and Hardee, Factors, Savannah, Ga.” 2nd Use (outside): CSA #12 (AD) tied by the Lake City, Fla CDS 25 NOV (1863) and addressed to Mrs. Winston Stephens, Thomasville, Georgia Care Mr. Jerrod Everette. Winston J. T. Stephens (1829-1864) enlisted 10/19/1861 as a 1st Lieut Co B 2nd Fla Cav and was promoted Capt 4/19/1862. He was killed at Cedar Creek (Jacksonville, Fla) 3/1/1864. Cover displays both usages very well with the lower right corner folded up. Signed by Brian Green.
SOLD
RT6

Trans-Atlantic Stampless Cover New Orleans, La to France through New York. This is a folded letter complete (in French) dated in New Orleans 30 JAN 1861 showing New Orleans as the city of origin. New Orleans, La CDS dated 31 JAN 1861 (Louisiana Independent State) with Blue Oval Handstamp at Lower Left for New Orleans forwarding agent J. Leiss. Cover traveled to New York where it received a partial strike of a New York Packet Boat “18” mark 9 FEB 1861, but the strike is partial and presumed to be a PAID mark as the cover was handled by a New Orleans forwarding agent. The “Etna” (American Packet) carried this cover and sailed that date from New York and arrived at Liverpool, England 20 FEB 1861. Cover was taken by closed mail from Liverpool to France where the French receiving mark is seen on the front of the cover dated the next day 21 FEB 1861. Paris transit mark on the back with the same date and the final French receiving mark dated 22 FEB 1861. Manuscript “16” and handstamp “30” are various foreign credit/debit marks as Trans-Atlantic mail to and from France at this time was very complicated. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT7

USA #24 (1c Blue Type 5 Plate 10) single with handstamp “PAID” cancel. Manuscript “Open PM” at upper left. This is a folded unsealed printed circular from Apalachicola, Fla dated 2 FEB 1861 concerning the current cotton market conditions. Addressed to Messers S. Cutchins & Co., Providence R.I. Very scarce circular usage to the North during the Florida Independent State period. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT8

USA #26 tied by a bold full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 4 FEB 1861 (First Day of the CSA Government from the Capital City). Blue lined ladies cover addressed to the North to Mrs. Jane H. Wilkinson, Southwick, Mass. Believed to be one of only two known covers showing 4 FEB 1861 usage from the Confederate Capital, but I am unable to confirm this. Upper left corner professionally repaired using a piece of the backflap not affecting anything and restoring the cover to an Extremely Fine appearance. There is also a prior unidentified owner’s typewritten note on the back of the cover from 1960. An extremely significant item of CSA Postal History.
SOLD
RT9

USA #U10 Postal Stationery with a full strike of the Carrollton, Miss CDS 4 FEB 1861 (First Day of the CSA Government). From the Carroll Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT10

USA Star Die pen-cancel and manuscript “Jasper, Ga Feb 4 (1861)” (First Day of the CSA Government). Orange paper cover addressed to Col William W. Mitchell, Carnsville Franklin Co., Ga. Few minor backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.
SOLD
RT11

USA Star Die Grid Cancel with the Fort Quitman, Texas CDS (all in Blue) 8 FEB (1861) Texas Independent State. Addressed to Miss Lydia A. Price, Johnston, R.I. Slightly reduced at the left and a minor backflap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine.
SOLD
RT12

USA #24 Strip of 3 (beautiful Type V stamps affixed upside down) each canceled with a separate Grid and a full bold strike of the Georgetown SC CDS to the left 13 FEB 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Gov R. F. W. Allston, Charleston SC. Very slightly reduced at the upper left not affecting anything, and a few backflap opening tears with a small piece of the backflap missing. But still an exceptionally fine appearance and a scarce usage. CSA Certificate # 2537 from 1992 signed by Morris Everett.
SOLD
RT13

USA #35 (beautiful stamp) tied by the New Orleans, La CDS 15 FEB (1861) USA Used in the CSA. This is a folded wrapper type cover on which docketting confirms the 1861 year date and shows that the actual city of origin was Havana, Cuba. Privately carried from Havana to Confederate New Orleans where it was placed in the mail with the 10c franking addressed to Vera Cruz (Mexico). Very Fine Cover and a very scarce usage.
SOLD
RT14

USA #24 Horz Pair tied by the Charleston SC large single rim CDS 27 FEB 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Trans-Atlantic wrapper type cover addressed to John C. Woodside Esqr, Derrock Co Antrim, Ireland. Very scarce 2c Trans-Atlantic Printed Matter Wrapper Rate. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT15

USA #30A Horz Pair (very nice stamps affixed upside down but with part of the imprint at the left) on a Trans-Atlantic Cover New Orleans, La to Spain via New York 4 MAR 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Folded letter complete in Spanish which originated in New Orleans. The stamps are tied by two partial strikes of the New Orleans, La CDS 4 MAR 1861. The cover arrived in New York where the red New York Br. Pkt mark was applied 13 MAR 1861. The British Packet “Adriatic” of the Cunard Line carried this cover and sailed on that date arriving in Queenstown 23 MAR 1861. Cover then delivered on its way to Spain with a London transit mark on the back 25 MAR 1861 plus two Spanish receiving marks dated 27 and 29 MAR 1861. Large “12 Rs” handstamp on the face of the cover is a Spanish mark and represents either a foreign debit/credit mark or perhaps postage due on delivery. A truly spectacular cover.
SOLD
RT16

Handstamp “FREE” with the Savannah, Ga CDS 4 MAR 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to David Walton PM, London Grove PO Chester County, Pa. The orignal letter is still with the cover. The letter was written and sent by the addressee to himself. David Walton was traveling in the South and wrote this lengthy letter home to his children to tell them about his trip. The letter begins in Enterprise, Fla and picks up again in Savannah, Ga. The letter is entirely personal and therefore clearly represents an abuse of the postmaster free franking privilege by sending a personal family letter addressed to himself as postmaster. Cover shows just a little edge wear right and left, but is otherwise Very Fine and demonstrates a not commonly seen Confederate period Free use to the North.
SOLD
RT17

“El Paso, Tex Mar 18th/61 Paid” all in manuscript USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Honorable Howell Cobb, Montgomery, Ala. On arrival in Montgomery, the cover was forwarded to Macon, Ga by the addition of a USA #26 stamp and a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 3 APR 1861. Very slightly reduced at the right not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine and excellent usage.
SOLD
RT18

Trans-Atlantic Mourning Cover England to Confederate South Carolina in MAR 1861. Cover was prepaid from England with a 1sh British stamp (GB Scott #28) which is barely tied by a provincial cancel “92” indicating the English town of origin was Bolton (northwest of Manchester). Cover was taken by the British Inland Postal Service to Liverpool with High Wycomb (25 FEB 1861) and London (26 FEB 1861) transit marks on the reverse. On arrival in Liverpool, cover was placed on the American Contract Packet “Etna” of the Inman Line which sailed from Liverpool 27 FEB 1861 arriving in New York 14 MAR 1861. On arrival in New York, the red New York Am Pkt PAID 24 mark was applied 14 MAR 1861 indicating the cover was completely prepaid. Also applied was a “21cents” red handstamp as credit due from Britain for the American Packet crossing as postage was prepaid with a British stamp. Cover delivered by the US Postal Service to Charleston arriving 19 MAR 1861. On arrival in Charleston, cover was forwarded to William C. Johnstone, Georgetown SC with “CSA” added to the address. Manuscript “Fd 3” at top right to assess the forwarding fee. Apparent period pencil notation on the back “Mrs. Beaumont died March 4, 1861.” The letter is not present. Exceedingly scarce Trans-Atlantic Mourning Cover usage prepaid with British postage to the CSA during the USA Used in the CSA period. Minor small piece missing from backflap, otherwise Very Fine.
SOLD
RT19

USA #26 tied by the Montgomery, Ala CDS 26 MAR 1861. “Confederate States of America Post Office Department” imprinted envelope Dietz Type I. Addressed to Hon David G. Burnet, Galveston, Texas. Receiving period pencil docketting at the left indicates the contents were from J. H. Reagan (CSA Postmaster General). Cover is dated only 20 days after Reagan took office as Postmaster General and represents a paradox as a CSA Post Office Department cover was carried by the US Postal Service. This is in the USA Used in the CSA period, so CSA free franking did not apply, and the USA postage had to be paid. This cover is referenced on Page 171 of the New Dietz 1986 Edition as the Earliest Known Usage of a CSA Post Office Department Imprint Cover. Backflap missing and very slightly reduced at the top, but otherwise very Fine. An extremely significant item of CSA Postal History.
SOLD
RT20

USA #26 tied by the small double circle Apalachicola, Fla CDS 10 APR 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Thomas P. Tainter Care Messers Carhart & Bro, New York. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT21

Fort Valley, Ga Handstamp PAID 3 Provisional with the Fort Valley dateless control mark and the standard CDS dated 12 APR (1861) USA Used in the CSA and the day the war started with the firing on Fort Sumter. Control mark confirms the provisional status. The 1861 year date is confirmed by the use of the control mark and by another known Handstamp Paid 3 cover without the control mark dated in March 1861 to the same addressee. As yet Dietz and Scott Unlisted and the only known example of this handstamp provisional usage. Addressed to John T. Hardie & Co., New Orleans, La. Pencil notation on the back “Nassau Stamp Company 1924.” Bit of a rough opening at the top not affecting the postal markings and part of the backflap torn away. Ex-Hall, Ex-Agre. CSA Certificate #4155 from 2002 signed by Jerry Palazolo.
SOLD
RT22

USA #26 tied by the Culpeper CH, Va CDS 17 APR 1861 Virginia Secession Day. From the well-known Franklin Davis, Staunton, Va correspondence. Part of backflap torn away in opening otherwise Very Fine. Signed by Brian Green.
SOLD
RT23

USA #26 (faults) tied by a full strike of the Montgomery, Ala CDS 29 APR 1861 USA Used in the CSA. “Confederate States of America Treasury Department” imprinted cover Dietz Type III. Extremely early use of this imprinted cover from the first capital of the Confederacy. Addressed to Edward McCrady, Charleston SC. Cover with minor edge faults at upper right and light water staining foxing.
SOLD
RT24

USA #24 (single) and USA #26 (strip of 3) pen-cancel and manuscrupt “Long Cane, Ga April 30/61” to the left USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to W. W. Saylor Esqr, Sonora, California. This cover at the present time is the only known example of a cover from the Confederacy showing the 10c Trans-Continental rate to California. Period notation on the back of unknown significance “Answered & letters returned from the Dead Letter Office at Washington.” Very Fine. Ex-Kramer. CSA Certificate #3218 from 1998 signed by Jerry Palazolo.
SOLD
RT26

USA 1c Blue Star Die with the Atlanta, Ga CDS 2 MAY 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Dr. Hunter Dentist, Salem, North Carolina (CSA Georgia to Union North Carolina). Extremely scarce CSA use of the 1c Blue Star Die. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT27

CSA #2aux1 Jackson, Miss Handstamp PAID 3 Provisional 9 MAY (1861) USA Used on the CSA. From the Carroll Hoy & Co, New Orleans correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT28

CSA #26 tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 13 MAY 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Patriotic Cover with the Stars and Bars in full color Dietz Type F7-18. Addressed to Mrs C. E. Winsmith, Glenn Springs PO, S. Ca. The Winsmith Correspondence is well known. Capt J. C. Winsmith of the 1st SC Inf was listed as wounded at Sharpsburg 9/16/1862 and again at Fort Harrison in 1864 but did survive the war. Very Fine. Brian Green Certificate.
SOLD
RT29

USA Star Die Pen-Cancel and manuscript “North Creek, Ark 16 MAY 1861” Arkansas Independent State. From the Carroll Hoy & Co, New Orleans correspondence with the usual filing pinholes. Very Fine. Brian Green Certificate.
SOLD
RT30

USA #26 canceled by a full strike of the Natchez, Miss STEAM handstamp. Folded business letter complete which is datelined New Orleans, La 18 MAY 1861 USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Col W. S. Balfour, Natchez, Miss. At lower left “Iberville.” Cover was posted in New Orleans directly with the CSA Mail Packet Boat “Iberville” with stamp affixed. On arrival in Natchez, the STEAM cancellation was applied. The “Iberville” (a 368 ton sidewheeler 180 feet long and 55 feet beam) was built in 1860 in New Albany, Ind and registered as a Confederate Mail Boat 6 MAY 1861 for the New Orleans and Bayou Sara Mail Co. The “Iberville” was captured by the Union and used as a transport. Later burned and rebuilt, the “Iberville” continued to operate until 1869. Few weak folds within the letter but otherwise Very Fine and a scarce Packet Boat usage.
SOLD
RT31

USA #U10 Postal Stationery with a full strike of the small double circle Blue Raleigh NC CDS 23 MAY 1861 North Carolina Independent State. The North Carolina Independent State period is the shortest of all lasting only 7 days (20 MAY 1861 - 27 MAY 1861). Addressed to Miss Annie B. S. Pettigrew, Scuppernong, N. Carolina. Part of backflap torn away in opening, but otherwise Very Fine. PF Certificate #108 008 from 1982.
SOLD
RT31A

USA #26 Pen-Cancel and manuscript Gold Hill (Va) May 26 (1861) (the "6" is under the CSA stamps) addressed to Lt Thomas P. Shields, Company A, Richmond, Va USA Used in the CSA. The cover was advertised in Richmond with the application of the “Advertised 2” handstamp Dietz Type II. Cover was held in Richmond for more than a year and was then finally forwarded to the addressee in Cartersville, Va. The forwarding was paid by the addition of a pair of CSA #7 stamps applied directly over the advertised marking and canceled with the Richmond, Va CDS 25 AUG 1862. There is a second strike of the Richmond CDS to the left dated 15 AUG 1862. The original letter remains with the cover dated 25 MAY 1861 which confirms the initial 1861 usage. Cover probably had difficulty catching up with Lt Shields because of an incomplete and wrong address. Thomas P. Shields (d. 1912) (a physician who served as a line officer) enlisted as a 1st Lieut Co E 18th Va Inf 4/23/1861 and was promoted Capt 7/30/1862. He was listed as wounded at Frayser’s Farm (Va) 6/30/1862 and resigned the service 2/13/1863. Cover with minor edge wear at the top and a small piece of the backflap torn away in opening but is otherwise Very Fine and showing a most unusual usage.
SOLD
RT32

USA Star Die with the Montgomery, Ala CDS 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Mrs. Mollie E. Austin, Elkton Giles County, Tennessee C.S. From Confederate Alabama to Independent Tennessee. The use of C. S. in the address identifying Tennessee as a Confederate State is not correct as Tennessee did not join the CSA until 2 JUL 1861. Very Fine. Ex-HGreen.
SOLD
RT33

USA #U10 Postal Stationery with the Pine Bluff, Ark small single rim CDS 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Messers Buchanon Carroll & Co, New Orleans, La with the usual filing pinholes. Buchanon Carroll & Co was the forerunner of Carrol Hoy & Co with the name change occuring 1857-1858. Looks like the sender was unaware that the name of the company had changed. Very Fine. CSA Certificate #3257 from 1998 signed by Jerry Palazolo.
SOLD
RT34

USA #26 Pen-Cancel with mansucript “Athens, Tx May 31/61” to the left Last Day USA Used in the CSA. From the Carroll Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Very Fine. Ex- Brian Green.
SOLD
RT35

USA Star Die with the Griffin, Ga CDS 31 MAY (1861) Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to John Parke Esqr, Greenville Merriwether, Ga. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT36

USA #26 Pen-Cancel with a full strike of the RED Plymouth NC CDS to the left 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Mr. Edward Wood, Edenton NC. Minor edge wrinkle at right center, otherwise Very Fine.
SOLD
RT37

Corinth, Miss (full strike of the balloon CDS) Handstamp PAID (no rate) Dietz Type I 31 MAY 1861 Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Thos J. Dees, Pearl Valley Neshoba Co., Miss. Since this cover is the last day of the USA rate (3c) and it would not be delivered until after the CSA Postal Service took over with a new rate (5c), it has been surmised that the Corinth postmaster purposely left the rate off the cover so there would be no confusion that the letter was indeed fully paid. This is an overall Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover in full color (10-Stars) Dietz Type F10-1 which is an extemely scarce design with only a very few examples known to exist. The original soldiers letter remains with the cover which is written on a Patriotic Lettersheet showing the also very scarce Tennessee Stars and Bars design (11-Stars with “T” in the center for Tennessee) Dietz Type F11-8. The lettersheet contains the full rendition of an intensely patriotic poem “The Southern Banner” by Aug. Hitfzeld (misspelled as should be “Hitzfeld”), Memphis. The letter is short just letting the people at home know they are all right ”...the soldiers are getting sick fast... there are about 6,000 volunteers here...we have plenty to eat...we have no uniforms yet...send your letters to Capt A. S. Lee...G. W. Dees, Corinth, Miss.” G. W. Dees was a private in Co F 14th Miss Inf and Capt Aaron Suggs Lee was the Company Commander. The regiment would later surrender at Fort Donelson. Three minor sealed edge tears, but otherwise Very Fine. This is one of the most significant CSA Patriotic Covers and Lettersheets still in existence and is a very major item of CSA Postal History.
SOLD
RT38

USA Star Die with the Keswick Depot, Va small single rim CDS 31 MAY (1861) Last Day USA Used in the CSA. Addressed to Miss Abbie Johnson, New Hope Augusta County, Va. Very Fine.
SOLD
RT39

USA #U10 Postal Stationery Pen-Cancel with manuscript “Kimsey’s Store, Ten 8 JUN 1861” Tennessee Independent State. Addressed to James Whitaker, Valley Town, Cherokee County NC. Tennessee had not as yet joined the CSA, so cover went from Independent Tennessee to CSA North Carolina after the Confederate Postal Service began operations. And it went for the Union 3c rate. Should have been assessed postage due for the CSA rate. But owing to the confusion of the times, was simply allowed to go through. Backflap missing and edge opening fault at top center.
SOLD
RT40

USA #26 tied by the Knoxville, Ten small double circle CSA 11 JUN 1861 Tennessee Independent State. Addressed to Miss Charlotte Phipps, Lyons Store Hawkins Co., E. Tenn. Internal East Tennessee usage during the Independent State period. East Tennessee was very Union in its sympathies which may account for the Union rate being used. However, this is a CSA Stars and Bars (7-Stars) Patriotic Cover in full color Dietz Type F7-19. The original letter is not with the cover, but a transcript has been located and is included. The letter was from Will Phipps, a Private later Lieut Co K 19th Ten Inf, to his sister Charlotte and datelined Camp Cummings (an instruction camp near Knoxville) 8 JUN 1861. The letter gives wonderful insight into camp life and the Southern Patriotism of the young soldiers very early in the war. The cover has been professionally cleaned and a weak address professionally enhanced to a Very Fine appearance. Ex-Antrim, Ex-Hill (John Hill had many of his prominent covers cleaned and professionally improved. This is now a fact of CSA collecting and cannot be avoided as much of his extensive collection has now been dispersed after his death in 1998).
SOLD
RT41

Memphis, Ten Handstamp PAID 5 Dietz Type IB 18 JUN 1861 Tennessee Independent State. Addressed to His Excellency Isham G. Harris, Nashville, Tenn. The addressee was the Governor of Tennessee. Cover from western Tennessee to central Tennessee which were areas very Southern in their sympathies as opposed to East Tennessee which was intensely Union. Therefore the CSA rate was used even though this was well before Tennessee joined the CSA on 2 JUL 1861. Very Fine. Ex-Kohn.
SOLD

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