Bidwell Collection

CSA General Issue Stamps on Cover




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Presented for sale is a collection of  38 Confederate covers formed by long time Confederate Stamp Alliance member Henry W. (Hank) Bidwell between the years 2000 - 2010. There are no stampless covers in the collection, only covers with CSA General Issue stamps as that was his main collecting interest. All the major general issue stamps are represented in the collection. Mr Bidwell certainly had an eye for quality as these are, with very few exceptions, very clean covers in excellent condition. The covers are offered for sale individually and sorted alphabetically by state and by stamp within the state. States represented are Alabama (3), Georgia (7), Louisiana (1), Mississippi (1), North Carolina (4), South Carolina (10), Tennessee (1), Virginia (11). The write-ups, research, and descriptions are my own as this was a collection formed for enjoyment and not for exhibiting. (JLK)



ALABAMA
HB1

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 41 (margin just in at the left) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 9 FEB 1862. Advertising Cover with a printed corner card at the upper left "Henry & Co. IMPORTERS OF CHINA, GLASS & QUEENSWARE, No 29 St. Francis St. Mobile, Ala." This advertising is currently unlisted in the new CSA catalog. Addressed to Mr. C. E. Rushing, Marion Station, Lauderdale Co., Miss. Ex Van Dyk MacBride with his unsigned note on the back. Ex Tate.

Marion Station, Mississippi, was on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. The cover most likely traveled by train to its destination. C. E. Rushing (b1819) is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a very wealthy merchant in Lauderdale County, Mississippi.

$400.00
SOLD
HB2

CSA #5 Position 4 "ZEN" variety (CC 5-v1) (4-Margin but a little close at the upper right with good color) tied by the Selma, Ala CDS 2 JUL (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Robert B. Waller Esqr., Greensboro, Alabama. Very Fine. Ex Henry C. Gibson Collection. CSA Certificate 2000. $800.00
HB3

CSA #11e (AD) Officially Perforated 12 1/2 (margin close on the left but perfed on all 4 sides with the usual ragged and blind perfs) tied by the small double circle Mobile, Ala CDS 23 DEC. Addressed to Miss Mollie McCalla, Columbus, Miss. The original letter is not with the cover. What appears to have happened is that the envelope itself was used as paper to write another letter as the wriitng on the back begins "Dear Cousin" and extends onto the front of the cover. The handwriting of the letter written on the cover is not the same as the handwriting of the original address. Bears further research. Very interesting cover with an excellent example of the perforated stamp.
$750.00


GEORGIA
HB4

CSA #1b Dark Green Stone 1 Position 24 (4-Margin) tied by a partlal strike of the Savannah, Ga CDS 12 FEB 1862. Folded Letter Complete on blue paper from the Manigault Correspondence addressed to Mr. Louis Manigault, Lanier House, Macon, Geo. The letter is datelined "East Hermitage Savannah Back River Febr 12th 1862."  Very Fine.

East Hermitage was a plantation on the Savannah River owned by the addressee, Louis Manigault (1828-1899). The letter is one page and only talks about the weather in the area and some plantation business but mentions no slaves. The letter is signed by William Capers (1816-1864) who was the plantation overseer and related to the Manigaults by marriage.

$275.00
SOLD
HB5

CSA #4 Stone 3 Position 29 (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Macon, Ga CDS (date not fully apparent). Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs. Peter J. Williams, Milledgeville, Ga. Very minor reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything. Very clean cover. Ex-Kaufmann. $375.00
HB6

CSA #5 (4-Margin and excellent color) tied by a full strike of the Atlanta, Ga CDS 31 JUL 1862. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Mr. J. G. Higginbotham, Webster Place PO, Elbert Co., Ga. Minor reduction at  the left where opened not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice stamp. Ex-Myerson. $1,000.00
HB7

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin but close at the top) tied by the Savannah, Ga Paid CDS with a JUN 1862 date. From the Manigault Correspondence addressed to Mr. Louis Manigault, Augusta, Georgia. Very clean cover.

Compare the handwriting of the address on this cover with cover HB4 above. It is the same handwriting. There are no contents. From the handwriting, one can discern that the cover is from William Capers (1816-1864), the overseer at the Manigault plantation "East Hermitage" on the Savannah river.
$250.00
HB8

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close at the bottom right)) tied by a full strike of the Atlanta, Ga CDS 21 SEP 1862. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mr. W.H. Howard , Augusta, Ga. Very Fine. $150.00
HB9

CSA #11 (KB) (4-Margin) tied by the Albany, Ga CDS 5 APR 1865 (year date is in the CDS). The cover has been professionally cleaned which has somewhat faded the address. But the address is still legible to Miss Ruth L. Nesbitt Care Maj Thomas Nesbitt, Augusta, Geo. Very late use only 4 days before Gen Lee's Surrender.

Thomas Nesbitt (1821-1879), a wealthy planter, in Georgia state service first as a Captain in the 9th Regt Georgia State Troops later in 1864 Major of the 1st Ga Infantry Militia Brigade. Ruth L. Nesbitt was his daughter according to the 1860 Federal Census. The sender of the cover is not identified.
$300.00
SOLD
HB10

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Macon, Ga CDS 13 SEP. From the Manigault Correspondence addressed to Mrs Louis Manigault (Key Box 32 P.O.), Augusta, Georgia. Very Fine. $150.00


LOUISIANA
HB11

CSA #7 Single (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Shreveport, La CDS 1 JUL 1864 (year date is in the CDS). Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs Wm F. Sale, Greenwood, Caddo Parish, La. Cover is underpaid but apparently was allowed to go through without postage due. Underpaid letters were rarely allowed to go through without extra postage due added. Very Fine. Ex-Howard Green.

Cover most likely sent by William Fletcher Sale (1825-1905) of Arkansas to his wife. William F. Sale in 1864 was serving as a Volunteer ADC to CSA Brig-Gen James C. Tappan who commanded an Arkansas Brigade in the Trans-Mississippi. 

$375.00
SOLD


MISSISSIPPI
HB12

CSA 12e AD Officially Perforated 12 1/2 (perfed on all 4 sides with perfs just touching on the left) tied by the small single rim Okolona, Miss CDS 8 NOV 1863. Addressed to J. N Chambers Esq, Jackson, Louisiana. Jackson is in the part of Louisiana that is east of the Mississippi River, so the cover is not Trans-Mississippi postal use. The cover has been somewhat restored by adding backing and a top back flap. The cover has a very presentable appearance and a very nice officially perforated stamp.

Capt Joseph Nicholson Chambers (1799-1874), a West Point graduate Class of 1818, served in the army as an engineer. He resigned from the army in 1823. His rank stems from his time in the US Army and is not associated with the Confederate Army. After leaving the army, he spent the rest of his life as a planter and merchant in East Felciana Parish, Louisiana.

$375.00
SOLD


NORTH CAROLINA
HB13

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 49 (4-Margin but with some scuffing along the top which involves part of the word “POSTAGE”) tied by the Salisbury NC CDS 16 APR (1862). Addressed to Morrison Gaither & Co., Eagle Mills NC. This company was a cotton factory in the 1860's. Clean cover with a Very Fine appearance despite the stamp fault.

$175.00
HB14

CSA #7 Single (4-Margin but a little close at the upper right) tied by the Fayetteville NC CDS 19 MAY 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to J. T. Warden C. C. C. (Clerk of the County Court), Fayetteville NC. Overpaid Drop Letter. Few back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Zimmerman. $300.00
SOLD
HB15

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap and tied by the Mocksville NC CDS 15 MAY (1863). Full Military Address to Capt W. B. Clement, 10th Regt Virginia Cavalry, Gen'l W. H. F. Lee's Brigade, Richmond, Virginia. Very Fine. Ex-Bush. 

William Bailey Clement (1835-1895) entered service as Captain of Co H 10th Va Cav (a company made up of North Carolina soldiers) in Oct 1861 and promoted Major in Sept 1863. His later promotion to Lt Col was “suspended” (reason not stated). Paroled at Salisbury NC 5/1/1865. After the war, he lived as a merchant in Mocksville NC.

Gen William Henry Fitzhugh (Rooney) Lee (1837-1891) was the second son of Gen Robert E. Lee and served as a cavalry commander during the war. He was captured as a POW by Union forces in 1863 and spent several months in Fortress Monroe until sent to New York and exchanged in February 1864 for Union General Neal S. Dow. After the war, he was a Virginia planter and served in the Virginia State Senate and also served at the end of his life in the US Congress.
$250.00
SOLD
HB16

CSA #11(AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Patterson NC Target (target ties the stamp with the Patterson CDS at the left) 7 NOV (1864). From the Patterson Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Mary Fries Patterson, Salem NC.Very Fine.

Mary Fries Patterson (1844-1927) married Rufus L. Patterson (1833-1879) in 1864. The Patterson family was very prominent in North Carolina as merchants, businessmen, and planters. There is no record of his having served in the Confederate Army as he was a North Carolina unionist. Her diary for 1863-1864 is archived at the University of North Carolina Special Collections Library.
$250.00


SOUTH CAROLINA
HB17

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 18 (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching Winnsborough SC CDS at the left. Addressed to Mrs. M. McD Douglas, Sumter SC. Missing one side back flap but still Very Fine.

$275.00
HB18

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Greenville CH SC CDS 2 FEB 1863. Addressed to Miss Sophie Smith, Barnwell CH, So. Ca. Minor reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Alex Hall. $300.00
HB19

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Large Margins) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 8 FEB (1863). Blue paper cover from the Calhoun Correspondence addressed to Col A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton Dist., S.C. The addressee was the son of John C. Calhoun, and the title of “Col” was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. Very Fine. $350.00
HB20

CSA #3 (4-Margin with a little edge nick at upper right) tied by the large single rim  Charleston SC CDS 1 JUL 186-. Military Address to Sgt V. Duc, James Island. James Island was part of the Charleston Harbor Defenses, so cover was treated as a Drop Letter. Cover not listed in the 2c Green Warren Survey. Small but complete cover with just a little light foxing.

In July 1862, Virgil Duc is listed as a 2nd Lieut in Co E 25th SC Inf (Beauregard Light Infantry). The regiment was on James Island July-August 1862. He may have entered service as a Sergt and was quickly commissioned 2nd Lieut. Individual South Carolina Civil War soldier's records are notoriously sketchy.
$2,200.00
HB21

CSA #3 (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Charleston SC CDS 25 APR 186(2). Oversized cover with Military Address to Surgeon M. W. Abney, 22nd SC Vols, Charleston SC (Drop Letter). Cover with just a little light foxing at the lower left corner and at the right edge. CSA Certificate 2000 notes that the cover has a vertical crease. The vertical crease mentioned on the certificate is very minor at the left center.

Matthew Wills Abney (1814-1885) entered service as the Asst Surgeon of the 24th SC Inf (Gist's Brigade)  11/1/1861. The regiment was on James Island April-June 1862. So the regimental designation in the address is incorrect. Dr Abney's eldest son, Joseph Matthew Adney (1842-1862) was killed at the Battle of Sharpsburg while serving as a Pvt with Co H 7th SC Inf. Another son, John Bay Abney (1845-1866), served as a Sergt in Co E 27th SC Inf and died of disease in 1866. The Abney family was very prominent in the Edgefield District of South Carolina.
$2,200.00
SOLD
HB22

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 13 (just barely touches left and bottom) tied by a partial strike of the Georgetown SC CDS 22 APR 1862. Cover from the well-known Middleton Correspondence addressed to Miss Maria Middleton, Summerville, South Carolina. Very clean cover. $175.00
HB23

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 1 (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching Yorkville SC CDS 25 MAR (1862). Addressed to Hon W. H. Gist, Columbia, So. Ca. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

William Henry Gist (1807-1874) was the pre-war Governor of South Carolina (1858-1860) and was a leading South Carolina secessionist. He was also the owner of the Rose Hill cotton plantation in Union County which today is a South Carolina State Historical Site open to the public with one of the best preserved plantation homes of the Old South.
$275.00
SOLD
HB24

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 24 (4 Large Margins) tied by the BLUE Columbia SC CDS 3 MAY (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to James Hemphill Esqr, Chester CH, So Ca. The addressee, James Hemphill (1813-1902), was a prominent lawyer in the Chester District. Period receiving docketing at the left concerning the original contents which are no longer with the cover. Very Fine. Ex-Emerson, Ex-Hart, Ex-Rosenberg, Ex-Kaufmann.  $275.00
HB25

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (margin close at the bottom right corner but a significant part of the stamp below is visible) tied by the small double circle Charleston SC CDS 8 MAY (1862) (early use). "Southern Express" imprinted advertising cover addressed to Rev J. Obear Esqr, Winnsboro SC. The addressee, Rev Josiah Obear (1810-1882), was an Episcopal minister in Winnsboro since 1841. Very Fine. Ex-Bogg, Ex-Alex Hall. $400.00
SOLD
HB26

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle BLUE Chester CH SC CDS 9 FEB (1863).  Addressed to Mrs Henry S. Fraser Care of James H. Ladson Esqr, Aiken, So. Ca.  Minor reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee, Jane Eliza Ladson Fraser (1831-1882), was the wife of Dr Henry DeSaussure Fraser (1828-1895). Dr. Fraser of Charleston SC, a graduate of the South Carolina Medical College in 1851, entered Confederate service as an Assistant Surgeon in 1861. For much of the war he served as Surgeon in Charge of the Third Army Corps ANV field hospital and was on the staff of Gen A. P. Hill. Surgeon Fraser was captured at Gettysburg and held as a POW until released five months later. After the war, he returned to his practice in Charleston. The cover is unlikely from Surgeon Fraser because of the handwriting but is most likely from a friend or relative of Mrs. Fraser.
$175.00


TENNESSEE
HB27

CSA #9b T-E-N Gray Blue (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom center) tied by a full strike of the Shelbyville, Ten CDS 20 MAY with a second strike of the same CDS to the right. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Mattie Weatherly, Munford, Talladega, Ala. Very Fine. Ex-Dietz Collection, Ex-Bogg.

Martha Selena "Mattie" Weatherly (1843-1925) married Robert Taylor Conley (1841-1932) after the war. He served as a Lieut in the Thomas Legion NC Inf which was a sharpshooter unit. The unit spent most of the war in East Tennessee. Most likely this cover is from Lieut Conley to the girl he would later marry. After the war, he lived with his wife in Munford, Ala.

$1,250.00
SOLD


Virginia
HB28

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 19 (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS 6 JAN (1862). Advertising Cover with a printed corner card for the Bank of the Commonwealth Richmond, Va and a printed address to Merchants Bank of VA., Lynchburg, VA. PF Certificate 2011 but does not mention the stone. Very Fine. Ex-Tate.

$450.00
SOLD
HB29

CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 2 Positions 41-42 (4-Margin) tied by the Tudor Hall, Va CDS 25 DEC 1861 (Christmas Day Cover). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Gaius Whitfield, Demopolis, Ala (10c rate over 500 miles). Very Fine. Ex-Emerson.

Gaius Whitfield (1804-1879) was an extremely wealthy planter who owned plantations in Marengo County, Ala and Lowndes County, Miss and is recorded as owning 500 slaves for his plantations in 1860. The Whitfield Family was large. Gaius had several sons who served in the Confederate Army as well as a number of other relatives who also served. Cover most likely sent by a soldier relative serving in an Alabama unit in Virginia since the vast majority of mail through Tudor Hall at this time was soldier's mail.
$400.00
HB30

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin) and CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 18 (a very dry printing with the margin a little close on the right and a small pre-affixing edge tear at the upper left which does not detract) used in combination to make the 10c rate. Each stamp is tied by a separate strike of the same Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 16 JUL 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Joyce Clopton, Tebeauville near Waresboro, Georgia. Period docketing at lower left in blue ink "July 10th, 13th, 15th / 62"  of unknown significance. May refer to previous letters. Cover likely sent by a boyfriend or relative in a Georgia unit in Virginia. Scarce combination use with the 5c Green and the 5c Blue to make the 10c rate. Very Fine. Signed "Dietz" on the back with his short note, Ex-Rosenburg, Ex-Kaufmann. $1,000.00
HB31

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but close at the bottom left) and CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 40 (margin just touches at the top but with a right sheet margin) used in combination to make the 10c rate. Stamps are tied together and to the cover by two strikes of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3b (broken "N" of "JUN") 13 JUN 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to James R. Carlton, Athens, Georgia. Very Fine. Ex-Brian Green with his signed note on the back, Ex-Tate, Ex-Kaufmann.

James R. Carlton (1795-1888) of Athens, Georgia, is listed on the 1860 Federal Census as a Brick Mason. But he was more than that as his estate was substantial. He was a very successful cotractor in Athens for many years. James R. Carlton, who was born in King and Queen County, Virginia, was a veteran of the War of 1812 having served as a corporal in the 2nd Regiment Virginia Militia in that war.
$1,000.00
HB32

CSA #2b H&L Dark Blue (4 Large Margins) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3g (broken "O" of "OCT") 17 OCT 1862. Folded Letter Complete addressed to Messers Thos Branch & Son, Petersburg, Va. Thomas Branch & Son was a well known Grocer and Commission Merchant business in Petersburg. The short one page business letter deals with payment of a business transaction. Very Fine. $400.00
SOLD
HB33

CSA #2 Paterson (very nice 4-Margin stamp) tied by a framed Grid cancel with no postmark. Endorsement at upper left "Capt Burke Berlin, Va." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William H. Burke, Sharon PO, Taliaferro County, Geo. The Berlin, Va manuscript appears to be part of an endorsement and not a postal marking as there is no date. Berlin, Va is listed as a CSA post office in Southampton County. It is such an obscure place that it is not known if a grid was used at Berlin or not. It is possible that since Berlin, Va was already included on the cover by the sender that the postmaster simply canceled the stamp with a handy grid and did not add a date. The use of this stamp would speak against an army field cancel grid as the cover would be too early for that. The grid could also have been applied on receipt if the cover went through without the stamp being properly canceled.The only Capt Burke from Georgia listed with service in Virginia was Archibald T. Burke (1829-1882) Co F 7th Ga Inf. He may or may not have been the sender. He was wounded in the leg at First Manassas 7/21/1861 and resigned due to his wound 12/21/1861. He could still have been in Virginia recovering in the summer of 1862 as there is no further record. Therefore, the cover presents somewhat of an enigma as to the origin and application of this grid, but the best guess is that it is from Berlin, Va. Cover with just a little light foxing and a small reduction at the left where opened but still very clean and an absolutely beautiful stamp. Ex-Bush Old Exhibit. $300.00
SOLD
HB34

CSA #8 (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6m 30 MAR 1864 (folded unsealed circular rate). Addressed to Messer A. Thomas & Son. Marion, Smyth Co., Va. This is a printed government circular from the STATE OF VIRGINIA Executive Department requisitioning cotton yarn and cloth output of the various factories for the war effort. The response from the company is that they are strictly a wool factory and not a cotton factory. Two minor fold separations sealed with archival tape. Very Fine. PF Certificate 1977. $1,000.00
SOLD
HB35

CSA #9b T-E-N Gray Blue (4 Large Margins and a beautiful stamp) tied by the Danville, Va CDS 18 MAY 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. James J. Thornton, Forkland, Greene County, Ala. The cover has been professionally restored at the top, and the top back flap has been added. The resoration is extremely well done and is barely noticeable even on close inspection. The stamp was lifted for the restoration and then replaced very slightly out of its original alignment. The restoration does not include the stamp, the postmark, or the address. Very Fine stamp and an overall Very Fine appearance to the entire cover. Ex-Bogg. CSA Certificate 2007 which describes the restoration. $750.00
HB36

CSA #10 Frame Line (4-Margin with complete lines at top and left, about 2/3 of the line at right, and a small piece of the bottom line at the right lower corner) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5a 30 JUN 1863. Brown paper cover addressed to Miss Mary H. Morrison, Harris Depot, Cabar(r)us NC. Harris Depot (now Harrisburg NC) was a station on the North Carolina Railroad. Cover most likely sent by a boyfriend or relative who was a soldier in a North Carolina unit. Small reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice Frame Line stamp. CSA Certificate 2007.
$2,500.00
SOLD

HB37

CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin) tied by the BLACK Petersburg, Va CDS 24 JAN (1865). Adressed to Mrs Thos R. Muse, Gish's Mills, Roanoke Co., Va. Unable to identify the sender. Light vertical file fold in the center but still a Very Fine cover from the Siege of Petersburg. $200.00
HB38

CSA #13 (4-Margin with part of a brass rule line visible at the lower right) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6p 27 AUG (1864). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. George E. Tabb, Glen Allen PO, Henrico County, Va. Address is just a bit faded but still legible. Very clean cover. CSA Cert 1985. Ex-Everett. $750.00

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