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-- VIRGINIA Part II --
||CSA #11 (AD)
(4-Margin) Pen-Canceled and the BLUE
Fancy Hill, VA
CDS in the left upper corner 3 FEB. Address a little faded but still
legible to Thomas C. Watson Jr, Pittsylvania Ct House, Virginia. The
Watson family owned a large plantation in Pittsylvania County. Very
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 24 JAN. Coarse borwn paper cover obviously homemade with a bit of an odd shape. Small but complete cover addressed to Mrs. Mary H. Tabb, Mathews C(ourt) H(ouse), Mathews County, Va. Very clean cover. Mathews County is located in the Hampton Roads area on the middle peninsula north of Norfolk. Not much Confederate mail is known either into or out of Mathews County because of its location and proximity to the Union Army. Very clean cover.||$100.00|
||CSA #11 (AD)
(4-Margin) tied by the BLUE
New London, Va balloon CDS 12 NOV (1863). Light coarse
brown paper cover with lengthy Military
Address to "Mr. Bluford Creasy to the care of Capt O W Spriggs Co D 42
Reg Va Vol 2 Brigade first division major g Johnson commanding,
Culpeper Court House, Virginia." Clean Cover.
Bluford (Buford) Creasy enlisted as a private in Co D 42nd Va Inf 5/31/1861. He was hospitalized twice in 1861 for disease and is listed as AWOL 11/15/1861 at Huntersville, Va. He was arrested and returned to his unit 2/12/1862 and detailed as a teamster. He was wounded at Fisher's Hill (Va) 9/22/1864 losing his right eye. Listed as absent 10/31/1864 with no further record.
Oscar W. Spriggs enlisted as a private in Co D 42nd Va Inf 5/31/1861. He was soon promoted 1st Sergt and then commissioned Lieut in December 1861 and promoted Capt in December 1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at Spotsylvania Court House (Va) and confined at Fort Delaware until his Oath of Allegiance and release 6/16/1865.
||CSA #11 (AD)
(margins tight) tight by an excellent strike of the RED-BROWN Lynchburg, Va CDS
25 JAN (most likely 1864). Small commercially made lady's type cover
with embossed flowers on the back flap addressed to Mrs. Joseph Hiden
Care of Joseph Hiden Esqr, Orange C(ourt) H(ouse), Va. Very Fine.
Joseph Hiden (1803-1869) is listed on the Census of 1860 as quite a wealthy farmer in Orange County, Va. That generally means that he was a plantation owner.
||CSA #12c (AD)
Greenish-Blue (margin touches at the left) tied by the Scottsville, Va CDS
2 DEC. Full Military
Address to Mr. Skipwith Wilmer, Signal Corps, Johnson's Division, 2nd
Army Corps, Army Northern Va, Richmond (Va). Part of top
back flap missing, otherwise a very clean cover.
Skipwith Wilmer (1843-1901) served in the Confederate Army in the CS Signal Corps first as a Sergeant until commissioned 2nd Lieut 2/19/1864. After the war, he practiced law in Baltimore. His father, Rev Dr. Wilmer, was the Protestant Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Louisiana.
||CSA #1 Stone 2 (not
plated) (4-Margin with a little gum toning) tied by the samll single
rim Gordonsville VA
CDS 13 MAY (1862). Small but complete commercially made cover
addressed to the Mr. Andrew Hoke, Newton NC. Minor reduction at the
left where opened. Very clean cover.
According to the Census of 1860, Andrew Hoke of Cawtaba County NC had a son, Julius Benton Hoke (1844-1933), serving as a private in Co A 12th NC Inf (an ANV unit). Pvt Hoke served the entire war with his unit from his enlistment on 4/27/1861 (prior to NC secession) through to the Appomattox surrrender 4/9/1865. Pvt Hoke was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father.
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 43 (4-Margin with some edge gum toning and a pre-affixing crease at the lower left) tied by the BLUE Danville, Va CDS 26 JUN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Mary D. Corbin, Amherst Ct H., Virginia.||$125.00|
||CSA #7 Vert Pair
(margin tight on the left with a filled in frame at the bottom left
corner of the bottom stamp) affixed on the reverse to seal the back
flap and tied by the Richmond,
CDS Powell Type 4a 5 FEB 1863. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to
Mr. William Phaup, Skinquarter, Chesterfield Co., Virginia. Minor
reduction at right where opened. Very clean cover.
William Phaup is listed as a 45 year old farmer in Chesterfield County on the Census of 1860. Skinquarter, Virginia, still exists today as a small unincorporated town in Chesterfield County. From other covers in this correspondence, the cover was sent by the addressee's soldier son Joseph H. Phaup home to his father.
Joseph H. Phaup (1837-1895) is listed as a 23 year old farmer at the time of enlistment as a private in Co C 18th Va Inf on 4/23/1861. He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines 6/1/1862 but recovered. This regiment was part of Garnett's Brigade at Gettysburg and was part of Pickett's Charge on the third day. Private Phaup was with his regiment at Gettysburg and is listed as wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He survived and was paroled at David's Island NY 8/24/1863 and rejoined his unit. He was promoted 3rd Sergt on 4/1/1864 and still on the army rolls as late as 3/31/1865. The cover is an excellent historical item associated with a soldier wounded and captured at Pickett's Charge.
||CSA #7 Horz Pair
(margins a little irregular and with a partially filled-in frame at the
right) pen-canceled and the manuscript postal marking "Pig River Va (Franklin County)
at the left. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Martha S.
(cannot decipher the last name with accuracy), Childress Store,
Montgomery Co., Va. Minor light foxing, otherwise Very Fine.
Pig River in Franklin County, Virginia, was certainly a very obscure location and does not appear on any official list of post offices published in 1862 and 1863. Yet there was obviously a functioning post office at that location as this cover proves. It would not surprise me if this were the only cover remaining from that post office, but I cannot guarantee that. It is certainly the only one that I have ever seen.
||Turned Cover -
First Use: Pre-war USA #25 pen-canceled and the manuscript postal marking at the left upper corner "Waverly Station Va Feby 5th 1859." Addressed to John N. Bain Esqr, Wakefield Station, Va. Both Waverly Station and Wakefield Station in Sussex County were pre-war stops on the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. Most of this railroad was captured and used by the Union at various times during the war.
Second Use: CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins just in at top center and at the right lower corner) pen-canceled and the postal marking to the left which ties the stamps "Wakefield Va Mar 25th." Addressed to Mr Henry B. Coker, Edwards Depot, Miss. Edwards Depot in Hind County, Mississippi, was a stop on the Alabama and Vicksburg Railroad.
Coarse brown paper cover which is complete and very clean. It has not been cut for display but has instead been completely unfolded. Minor fold reinforcements with archival tape. Notation on the reverse signed by Brian Green but he misidentifies the the USA stamp as a #26. The stamp is the Type I USA #25.
||CSA #7 Horz Pair
affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap (some damage to the
stamps) tied by a partial strike of the Floyd C H, Va CDS
with a second strike of the same CDS on the face of the cover dated 16
FEB (1864). Military
Address to Dr. T. Henry Howard, 14th Regt Va Inf, Barton's Brigade,
Picketts Division, Kinston NC. Turned Cover with an
inside use handcarried outside the postal system with the same military
address. Clean cover.
Thomas Henry Howard (1834-1910) was commissioned Asst Surgeon of the 14th Va Inf 12/15/1863 and transferred to the 30th Va Inf 5 /24/1864. After the war, he lived in Floyd County, Virginia.
||CSA #4 Over Inked Dark Blue Stone 2 Position 37 (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3b (broken "N" of "JUN") 12 JUN 1862. Dark brown coarse paper cover addressed to Dr. John A. Barksdale, Laurens C(ourt) H(ouse), So. Ca. Very clean cover and a beautiful stamp.||$225.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (large clip at the bottom left of the left stamp) pen-canceled and the manuscript postal marking at the left "Greenway Va Apr 29 1863." Addressed to Dr. I. L. Twyman, Buckingham C(ourt) H(ouse), Virginia. The cover is obviously period, and the addressee was a real varifiable person. But the problem is that there is no town in Virginia named "Greenway" that had a listed post office during the Civil War. "Greenway" does not appear on any list of CSA or Union Virginia post offices in 1862. A collector has informed me that Greenway, Virginia, is listed in the VPHS catalog (Virginia Postal History Society) as having a manuscript postal marking. This cover is the listing cover for the VPHS manuscript used in April 1863. There is also a second different manuscript listed for Greenway in August 1864. The VPHS identifies Greenway as being located in Nelson County. So there must have been a functioning CSA post office named "Greenway" at that location in Nelson County even though it appears on no official lists of post offices. Greenway in Nelson County, Virginia, is identified today as only a small unincorporated area. Cover is complete with just a little light foxing.||$150.00|
||CSA #7 Pair
(4-Margin) barely tied at the top by the small single rim
Whitlock, Va CDS
(very scarce Virginia postmark from Halifax County) 26
DEC. Somewhat faded but legible Military
Address to Lieut A. Whitlock Hoge, Ringgold Battery, Ransom's Division,
Dublin Depot, Va, V T RR (Virginia & Tennessee Railroad).
Instruction at lower left "PM
at Dublin please forward." Edge wear, a little light
soiling, and top back flap missing. But a rarely seen Virginia
postmark. Ex- Scott Gallagher.
Achilles Whitlock Hoge (1846-1864) enlisted as a private in Co G 20th Va Inf 5/26/1861 at the age of 14. He was discharged 9/19/1861. He entered service again 2/15/1862 as a Lieutenant in Co B 13th Va Battalion Light Artillery (Ringgold's Battery). He was killed in action at Cloyd's Mountain (Va) 5/9/1864. His older brother Private Moses Hoge (1833-1864) in the same unit was killed in the same action.
||CSA #7 two singles
(margins tight) tied together and to the cover by an escellent strike
of the VIOLET Lynchburg,
Va CDS 17 JUN (1863). Addressed to John A. Langhorne,
Shawsville, Montgomery County, Va. Very clean cover.
The addressee, John Archer Langhorne, was the father of Pvt Jacob Kent Langhorne (1845-1863) of Co B 2nd Va Cav. Private Langhorne attended VMI 1862-1863 but dropped out of school to enlist in February 1863. He is listed as mortally wounded at Brandy Station, Va 6/9/1863 (his first and only engagement and the largest cavalry battle of the war) and died a few days later. He is buried at the Crocker-Kent Cemetery near Shawsville, Va. Cover was sent some days after his death, so Pvt Langhorne could not have sent the cover. But perhaps the cover contained a letter from a friend informing the father of his son's death. Not possible to know for sure since there is no enclosure.
||CSA #11 (AD) Light Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the small double circle BLUE Charlottesville, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Small lady's type cover addressed to Miss M. L. Harris, Cartersville, Cumberland, Va. Very clean cover with a missing top back flap.||$75.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (stamp
is 4-Margin with a little edge gum toning and a spectacular Short Transfer where
the right side of the stamp is only partially printed) tied by the
small double circle BLACK
Charlottesville, Va CDS
20 Jun 1864. Blue paper commercially made cover with embossed flowers
on the back flap addressed to Mrs. W. S. Martin, Linksville, Rockingham
Co, N. Carolina. Very Fine.
The cover was sent by William Sydnor Martin (1833-1908) home to his wife. On the Federal Census of 1860, he is listed as a Medical Student living in Leaksville NC with his wife. He was serving in the ranks as a Quartermaster Sergeant for the 45th NC Inf at the time of this cover.
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins tight at the top and lower right and slight soiling) pen-canceled and the manuscript postal marking "San Marino (Va) Dec 26 / 64" at the left. San Marino was an obscure CSA listed post office in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, but does not appear to exist today. Addressed to Miss Rosa G. C. Burnette, Wilson, N. Carolina with instruction "Forward quickly." Cover most likely sent by a North Carolina soldier home to a girl friend or relative. Very clean cover with small part of lower back flap missing.||$125.00|
||CSA #7 two overlapping singles
(margins irregular) pen-canceled and the postal manuscript "Rep(ublican) Grove (Va) Feby 9 /
at the left. Addressed to Miss R. E. W. Carndale, Providence PO,
Halifax Co., Va. Republican Grove is a very obscure listed CSA post
office in Halifax County. Republican Grove still exists today
is defined only as a "Populated Area" and no longer has its own post
office. This cover is reportedly the listing cover for Republican Grove
that appears in the VPHS (Virginia Postal History Society) catalog.
Republican Grove is not listed in the CSA catalog. The cover shows wear
and some soiling but is still quite presentable. This cover may very
possibly be one of the very few if not the only remaining cover from
this obscure post office.
This is also a Turned Cover with an inside use (stamp missing) with the Richmond, Va CDS 10 NOV 1862 addressed to Miss Mary J. Chasm, Mount Airy, Pittsylvania Co., Va.
||CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 3
(4-Margin) tied by the RED
CDS with an APR 1862 date. From the Hamilton Correspondence addressed
to Mrs. D. H. Hamilton Jr, Hillsboro NC. The cover was sent by Major D.
H. Hamilton Jr of the 3rd
NC Inf home to his wife. Back flap opening tears and a
small sealed edge tear at top center.
Daniel Heyward Hamilton Jr (1838-1908), a graduate of The Citadel, was originally from Charleston SC. When the war began, he was an instructor at the Hillsboro NC Military Academy. On 5/26/1861, he was commissioned Major in the 3rd NC Volunteers. From May 1861 until April 1862, the regiment was assigned to the Department of Norfolk and remained in the Norfolk, Va area. Major Hamilton was discharged from the service on 4/26/1862 during the army reorganization when he was defeated for re-election in the regiment. He later served for a time in the 1st SC Infantry, a regiment commanded by his father Col D. H. Hamilton Sr. Major Hamilton was wounded at Boteler's Ford 9/20/1862 which ended his field service. At the end of the war, he was serving as Provost Marshall at Columbia SC. After the war, he made his home in Hillsboro NC. The 3rd NC Volunteers was redesignated as the 13th NC Infantry on 14 NOV 1861 and saw distinguished service for the remainder of the war as part of the ANV.
||CSA #1 (two singles) (both stamps are 4-Margin and are affixed upside down with respect to each other) (both stamps are the same Light Green color and come from the same sheet. The left stamp is Stone 1 Position 45. The right stamp is Stone 1 but not able to plate it to a position. The stamps are pen-cancelled, and the matching manuscript "Ruther Glen Va Aug 30" is at the left. Addressed to Robert W. Adams, Richmond City, Va. Very Fine.||$250.00|
||Stampless Paid cover with the small double circle Norfolk, Va CDS with handstamp PAID 5 Type D all in BLUE 26 AUG 1861. Addressed to S. Barton, Bartonsville NC. Orange paper cover with a top back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine.||$175.00|
||CSA #6 Horz Pair (just touches along the top and the stamps are affixed upside down) tied by the BLACK Lynchburg, Va CDS 18 MAY. Semi-OfficialI imprinted cover "Confederate States of America, War Department, Nitre and Mining Bureau, Official Business" (CC Catalog Type WD-NM-06). Addressed to W. F. James Esq, Youngs Store PO, Franklin Cy (Va). Minor foxing, otherwise Very Fine.||$500.00|
||Official imprinted cover "Confederate States of America, Post Office Department Official Business, Chief of the Appointment Bureau" Type APP-06 but unsigned. Cover was handcarried outside the postal system addressed locally to Hon G. W. Munford, Sec(retary) of Commonwealth. A little period ink smearing in the address, otherwise a clean cover. Ex-Billy Matz.||$150.00|
||Two Covers -- Same Correspondence
(Lieut Albert Davidson, Virginia Letcher Light Artillery)
First Cover -- Stampless cover with a partial strike of the small single rim Guineys, Va CDS (date not apparent). The small Guineys postmark is not often seen and was used only in 1862. No PAID or DUE mark which is cataloged as Type Pk in the new CSA Catalog. Light pencil manuscript right upper corner "April 1862" which appears to be period receiving docketing which dates the cover. Presumably sent as a "Due" as there is a military endorsement at the upper left "A. Davidson Letcher L(ight) Artillery." Addressed to Mrs. J. D. Davidson, Lexington, Va. Very clean coarse brown paper cover.
Second Cover -- Stampless Paid cover with the small single rim Dublin, Va CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 22 MAR (1863). Addressed to Miss Mary Davidson Care of J. D. Davidson Esq, Lexington, Va with routing instruction at lower left "via Bonsacks." Light pencil manuscript at the bottom right "Mar 22, 1863" which appears to be period receiving docketing which dates the cover. Minor reduction on the right, otherwise Very Fine. Prior collector's handstamp on the back flap "J. P. Smyth 512 E North Ave."
Albert L. Davidson (1841-1865) began service as a Sergt in Co D 10th Va Cav 5/15/1861. The company was disbanded 10/15/1861. He then mustered into the Virginia Letcher Light Artillery 3/1/1862 and was commissioned as a Lieut and assigned to the Camp of Instruction at Dublin, Va. The only other listing in his record is that he was wounded 4/3/1865 while attempting to arrest deserters. He died in 1865, but cause of death not given. May have been secondary to wounds received in April 1865. He is buried in Lexington, Va. The inscription on the gravestone is "Lieut. & Adj., C.S.A." One borther, Greenlee Davidson (Capt Letcher's Va Light Art), was killed at Chancellorsville. Another brother, Frederick Davidson (Pvt Rockbridge Rifles Co B 5th Va Inf), was killed at First Manassas. Another brother, Charles Andrew Davidson (1839-1879), was Capt of Co E 1st Va Inf Batt. And a fourth brother, William W. Davidson (1844-1869) was a Lieut in Co I 26th Va Inf Batt. The first cover is addressed to Lieut Davidson's mother. The second cover is addressed to his sister in care of his father. The handwriting appears to be just somewhat different on the two covers. It is possible that the second cover may have been sent by one of the brothers.
Paid cover with the small single rim Franklin Depot, Va (Southampton
and handstamp PAID 5
Type A all in BLUE
31 DEC 1861. Franklin Depot was an important Confederate supply station
on the Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad which ran from Portsmouth,
the Roanoke River in North Carolina. Orange paper cover from the
Pettigrew correspondence addressed to William S. Pettigrew Esq,
Raleigh, No. Ca. Period receiving docketing at the left indicates that
the cover was from Charles L. Pettigrew, a brother of the addressee.
Very Fine. Ex-Bogg.
The addressee, William Shepard Pettigrew (1818-1881), was the brother of famed CSA General James Johnston Pettigrew who commanded a division during Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg and was killed a few days later during the retreat from Gettysburg. During the war, William S. Pettigrew operated the family's plantations in North Carolina and was later ordained an Episcopal minister in 1869. Charles Lockhart Pettigrew (1816-1873), the oldest Pettigrew brother, operated a plantation known as Bonarva located on Lake Phelps in North Carolina.
Paid cover with the Churchland,
Va (Norfolk County) CDS 24 DEC (1861) and handstamp PAID 10 Type C all
(double rate over 500 miles). Addressed to Mrs. Jno R. Binion, Island
Creek PO, Hancock (County), Ga. Minor reduction on the left where
opened, otherwise Very Fine.
The addressee appears to be the wife of Captain John Robert Binion (1819-1887) a wealthy planter of Hancock County, Georgia who lived in Island Creek. There are references to his being an officer in the Confederate Army, but there is no record of a John R. Binion having served in the Confederate Army. So the rank that he is listed with was either a state rank or a prior rank or honorary rank not related to the Confederate Army. And he had no sons of an age to have served in the army. So the sender of the cover is not identified.
||Stampless Paid cover with the Danville, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type G 12 JUL (1861). Addressed to Mr. Thomas C. Williams Care Patteson Z. Williams, Richmond, Va. Very clean cover.||$125.00|
#7 Horz Pair (margin just touches at lower left) tied by a
strike of the New
Market, Va CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to
Surgeon J. W. Tracey (name is mispelled in the address as should be
“Tracy”), Hospital No 7, Raleigh NC.Very clean orange paper cover with
a small sealed edge tear at the upper left and sealed back flap opening
The addressee was Dr. James Wright Tracy (1819-1896), a very prominent North Carolina physician and a signer of the North Carolina Ordinance of Secession, was at the time of this cover the surgeon at the Fair Ground Hospital in Raleigh (Hospital #7) which was a military hospital for North Carolina soldiers. Cover must date after April 1864 as that was when Dr. Tracy was transferred to Raleigh. Dr. Tracy started the war as the Asst Surgeon for the 37th NC Inf and was later the Surgeon of the 14th NC Inf. Period notation at upper left “Shaffner” probably refers to the sender as the records list a John Francis Shaffner (1838-1908), another very prominent North Carolina physician, as an Asst Surgeon and Surgeon in the Confederate Army who served in various NC regiments. In mid 1864, Dr. Shaffner was the Surgeon of the 4th NC Inf which was assigned to the Valley District in the area of New Market, Va which fits a mid 1864 date for this cover. Dr. James Wright Tracy was featured in an article in the March 2009 issue of the ASD&C magazine by Patricia A. Kaufmann in which this cover was used as an illustration.
||Official Imprinted Cover "Confederate States of America, General Post Office Department, Auditor's Office (CC AUD-07a) and the B. Baker signature. Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 2a 31 OCT 1861 with handstamp FREE Type AA. The postmark is placed over the signature. Addressed to Daniel Wine Esq, Sangerville, Augusta Co., Va. The addressee was the Sangerville postmaster. The current CSA catalog listing for this imprint subtype is marked as "unsupported" with an unknown type of envelope and is unpriced. This cover was previously reported as the only known example of this imprint subtype, but I am unable to confirm that statement. This cover is a regular commercial envelope, and the cover certainly supports the listing. Ex-Brian Green, Ex-John Hill. Very Fine.||$650.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with just a little very light toning) tied by a partial strike of the Orange CH, Va CDS 9 SEP. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to H. J. Spicer Esq, Trap Hill, Wilkes Co., NC. Clean and complete cover.||$100.00|
||CSA #4a Dark Blue Stone 2 Position 6 (margin just in at the right and with a random inked printing flaw in the "S" of "POSTAGE") tied by the Richmond, Va (1862 date not fully apparent). Addressed to Miss Trittie A. Bush, Burnt Ordinary, Va. Back flap opening tears, otherwise a very clean cover.||$175.00|
||CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (just barely touches left at top) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3b (broken “N” of “JUN”) 23 JUN 1862. Overall Green Advertising Cover for Harvey, Armistead & Williams Tobacco Exchange Building Wholesale Grocers and Commission Merchants Virginia St, Richmond, Va. Addressed to B. Friend Esqr, Drakes Branch, Charlotte County, Va. Very Fine.||$750.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) tied by the usual weak strike of the Fredericksburg, Va PAID CDS 8 DEC (1861). Addressed to R. H. Chowning Esq, Hagen, Va. Very clean cover.||$250.00|
||CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y
(4-Margin corner crease upper left) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va
CDS Powell Type 3g (broken "O' in "OCT") 17 OCT 1862. Addressed to
James Hemphill Esqr, Chester CH, So. Ca. The addressee, James
Hemphill (1813-1902), was a prominent lawyer in the Chester District. Adversity Cover made from a
printed boat schedule. Very clean cover.
||CSA #26x1 5c Blue Fredericksburg,
Va Provisional Stamp from Position 4
(4-Margin) tied to cover by the usual weak strike of the
Fredericksburg, Va CDS
(date not apparent). Addressed to Mr. Jno B.
Lightfoot, Port Royal, (South) Carolina. John Bernard
(1814-1888) was a prominent planter and plantation owner. This is
actually a cover front which has been professionally rebacked. Very
clean appearance, and a very nice stamp.
Cover - 1st Use (inside) CSA #1c Olive Green Stone A/B
but just a little close at top center and bottom left) tied by a full
strike of the BLUE large
single rim Norfolk, Va
CDS 26 NOV 1861. The
inside use also has a colorless embossed advertising oval for the
Citizen's Bank of Va in Norfolk. Addressed to R.
Chapman Esquire, Cashier, Tarboro, N.
Carolina. 2nd Use
(outside) CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 38.
Addressed to Messers A & J M Donnan, Petersburg, Virginia.
paper cover folded out and also flapped up from the left lower corner
to display both stamps. Small very well done edge repair at the top
left. Unsigned note on the reverse by Van Dyk MacBride. Ex-Tate.
||TURNED COVER -- First Use (inside)
(Va) April 15 (1863)" (obscure use from Albemarle County).
The first use originally had a pair of CSA #7 stamps
applied on the back to seal the back flap. These stamps have been
partially torn away. Full
Military Address to Mr. Joseph H. Phaup, Co C 18th Va Regt, Pickett's
Division, Garnett's Brigade, Petersburg. For the Second Use (outside),
the cover was refolded inside out and a Vertical Pair of CSA #7
stamps were applied on the back to seal the back flap. The stamps of
the second use were placed over the remnants of the stamps from the
first use. The second use stamps are tied by the BLUE Franklin Depot, Va CDS
6 MAY (1863). The second use is addressed to Mr. William Phaup, Skin
Quarter PO, Chesterfield Co., Va. The cover has a little edge water
staining but is intact and is very presentable showing excellent postal
The cover is dated shortly before Gettysburg. The 18th Va Inf, as part of Pickett's Division, fought at Gettysburg and was part of Pickett's Charge. The brigade commander mentioned in the address, Gen Garnett, was killed at Pickett's Charge. Joseph H. Phaup (1837-1895) is listed as a 23 year old farmer at the time of enlistment as a private in Co C on 4/23/1861. He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines 6/1/1862 but recovered. He was with his regiment at Gettysburg and is listed as wounded and captured as a POW at Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863. He survived and was paroled at David's Island NY 8/24/1863 and rejoined his unit. He was promoted 3rd Sergt on 4/1/1864 and still on the army rolls as late as 3/31/1865. The cover is an excellent historical item associated with a soldier wounded and captured at Pickett's Charge.
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue
(4-Margin) with the Richmond,
Va CDS Powell Type 5d 2 AUG 1863. Full Military Address to Lieut D.
A. Timberlake Co G 4th Va Cavalry, Gen Fitz Lee's Brigade, Culpeper C.
House, Va. Coarse brown paper cover which may be homemade.
David Algenon Timberlake (1833-1901) enlisted as a private in Co G 4th Va Cav 5/9/1861. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut 4/25/1862 and promoted Capt 10/11/1863. He is listed as wounded at Fisher's Hill (Va) 10/9/1864 and hospitalized in Richmond returning to his unit 1/1/1865. He was paroled at Richmond 5/1/1865.
Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905), a nephew of Robert E. Lee and an 1856 graduate of West Point, was a very prominent CSA cavalry general during the war. After the war, he was elected governor of Virginia in 1885 and was appointed later as consul-general in Havana in 1893 by President Grover Cleveland. When war with Spain broke out, he was commissioned Maj-Gen of Volunteers and served in the US Army until he retired in 1901.
||CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 2 Positions 27-28 (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Churchville, Va CDS 2 AUG (1862) with a second strike of the same CDS to the right which also ties the stamps. Small but complete lady's type cover addressed to Miss Fannie Snyder, Ivy Depot, Albemarle County, Virginia. The address is a bit light but still very legible. The cover is otherwise Very Fine.||$400.00|
||USA #26 affixed sideways and prn-cancelled. Manuscript postal marklings top left "Fords (Depot) Va May15 / 61" USA Used in CSA Virginia. Addressed to Miss Norman E, Smithson, Macfarlands, Lunenberg Co., Va. Ford's Depot was a stop on the South Side Railroad in Dinwiddie County. Very clean cover and quite an obscure postal use. Ex-Thayer.||$350.00|
||CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y
(margin in at the bottom left) tied by the BLUE Lynchburg, Va CDS
29 SEP. Coarse brown paper cover from the Bagby Correspondence
addressed to Dr. Geo W. Bagby, Richmond, Virginia. Very clean cover.
George William Bagby (1828-1883) graduated with a MD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1846 and relocated to Lynchburg, Va. However, his real passion was literary as he edited the Lynchburg Express (newspaper) for three years and then edited the Southern Literary Messenger (magazine) in Richmond beginning in 1860. He became widely known as a writer, journalist, editor, lecturer (he very vigorously supported the Southern cause) and was considered as one of the last true Southern humorists. Although a physician, he enlisted as a private in Co A 11th Va Inf 4/25/1861 but only served a few months and was discharged 9/23/1861 for health reasons. He served later in Co F 3rd Va Battalion Reserves.
||CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 16
(4-Margin) tied by the Yorktown,
20 APR (1862). Coarse brown paper cover from the Blackford
Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Mary B. Blackford, Box 6, Lynchburg,
Virginia. Minor period stain at the upper right not affecting anything,
otherwise a very clean cover.
The addressee, Mary Berkeley Blackford (1802-1896) was the wife of William Matthews Blackford (1801-1864). The Blackford family was a very prominent Lynchburg family. She was the mother of five sons who all served in the Confederate Army and all survived the war. But the sender of this cover is not identified.
||CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y
(4-Margin) tied by the Richmond,
CDS Powell Type 3a 7 MAY 1862. Addressed to Miss Libbie Tuthill Care of
Mr. Geo. A. Tuthill, Mobile, Alabama. George Augustus Tuthill
(1807-1883) was a very wealthy Mobile cotton broker. Part of top back
flap missing, otherwise Very Fine.
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 46 (margins close at left and top and a light vertical pre-affixing crease) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Mr. David L. Williams, Tawboro NC. The addressee was a very wealthy Edgecombe County planter. Handwritten patriotic verse on the face of the cover in pencil which may or may not be period. The verse is the same as is found on a number of CSA patriotic covers. Stand firmly by your cannon / Let ball and grapeshot fly / Trust in God and Davis / And keep your powder dry. Very clean cover.||$250.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 47 (4-Margin but close in spots) tied by the BLUE Petersburg, Va CDS 21 JAN (1862). The stamp has a short horizontal streak at the lower left whcih appears to be a random printing stone flaw. Folded Letter (business) written on blue lined paper addressed to Dr. Sterling Neblett, Brickland, Lunenburg Co., Va. Very well done unobtrusive corner repair at the lower right to a very fine appearance.||$200.00|
||CSA #7 two widely separated singles paying the 10c rate (both stamps 4-Margin but with just a little edge gum toning) with each stamp tied by a separate strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 4a 23 FEB 1863. Coarse brown paper cover with a very long unusual address to Mrs. John L. Gill Care of Mr. Wm Whinny manager Battersea Factory who will give this to Mrs. Litha Hogwood for me, Petersburg, Virginia. The names in the address could be researched further. Very clean cover.||$125.00|
||CSA #12d (AD) Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the RED-BROWN Lynchburg, Va CDS 26 MAR. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Sgt Jas. W. Rodden, Chalk Level, Virginia. Sgt James Wilson Rodden (1823-1900) had service in Co C 1st Va Artillery. Very clean cover.||$200.00|
Civilian (non POW) Cover from Petersburg, Va. This is the
inside envelope with the Union double ring Old Point Comfort, Va
CDS 6 OCT (1863) with the Union circular DUE 6
handstamp to assess the Union postage as the cover was sent with the
Union postage unpaid. The outer envelope which would have had the
Confederate postage from Petersburg to the transfer point would have
been discarded at the transfer point. Coarse brown paper cover
addressed to Miss Kittie Emmons, Kirkwood, Broome Co. N(ew) Y(ork). The
original letter remains with the cover written by one George W. Emmons,
a Pvt in Co C 12th Va Inf
detailed as a hospital steward, to his sister in New York. In the one
page letter, he informs his sister that he is about to be married to
Fannie. Intact through-the-lines civilian covers, especially with the
original letter, at this time (not POW covers) are quite scarce. Very
Fine. Molesworth note on the back.
George W. Emmons (1836-1903) enlisted in Petersburg as a private in Co C 12th Va Inf 4/24/1861. He was detailed as a hospital steward in Norfolk, Va, 6/25/1862 and at the time of this letter was serving as a hospital steward in Petersburg, Va. He mentions in his letter to his sister in New York that he was still at the same hospital. He is listed as having deserted at Petersburg 12/28/1864, took the Oath of Allegiance, and made his way to New York where he lived out his life with his wife Fannie and family in Kirkwood, New York. (Broome County).
||CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1
(not plated) (margin close at bottom right and partial short transfers
at the bottom corners of both stamps and a large random overinking flaw
in "AMERICA" of the right stamp) tied by the Richmond, Va
CDS Powell Type 2b 24 DEC 1861 (Christmas Eve cover). Addressed to Col
John B. Lamar, Macon, Geo. Period notation at lower left "If Col Lamar
is not in town hand to Mrs. Whittle." Period receiving docketing at
left in red which identifies the sender Dr. J. M. Green. Part of top
back flap missing, and a small sealed edge tear at top center.
Exceptionally clean cover.
John Basil Lamar (1812-1862), a Georgia politician and a wealthy Georgia planter, served as a staff officer (Voluntary ADC) to his brother-in-law Brig-Gen (later Maj-Gen) Howell Cobb. Col Lamar was mortally wounded at the Battle of Cramptons Gap (part of the Battle of South Mountain, Maryland) 9/15/1862 and died of his wounds the next day.
||Stampless cover with the Fairfax, Va balloon CDS and manucript "Pd 5" 28 AUG (1861). Addressed to Miss Anna Isbell, Stone Wall Mills, Appoattox Co., Va. Hotel Adverstising Cover with a boxed printed corner card at the upper left "Piedmont House, Opposite Va. & Tenn. Railroad Depot, Lynchburg, VA. L. Wilkes, Proprietor." The Piedmont House was a riverfront hotel in Lynchburg and was gone by the late 1870's. Very Fine.||$500.00|
||Two Covers from the Randolph
Correspondence (no contents) -- Both covers have CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin
stamps) tied by two different Richmond,
Va, postmarks. The first cover dated 29 AUG 1863 has a
full Military Address to
Capt M. L. Randolph, Signal Officer Gen Rodes’ Staff, Gen Ewell’s
Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
The second cover dated 8 NOV is addressed to Miss Sarah Randolph Care
of Thos. Jeff. Randolph Esqr, Keswick Depot, Albemarle Co., Va. Minor
back flap opening tears, still a Very Fine pair of covers from a very
prominent Virginia family. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit. Covers will only be
sold as a pair.
Meriwether Lewis Randolph (1845-1871) and Sarah Randolph (1839-1892) were brother and sister. Their father, Thomas Jefferson Randolph (1792-1875), was a grandson of Thomas Jefferson and the inheritor of Monticello. He was a very prominent Virginia planter and politician Their uncle was George Wyeth Randolph (1818-1867) CSA Secretary of War in 1862. Capt Meriwether Lewis Randolph served on the staffs of various CSA Generals including D. H. Hill, Rodes, Ramseur, and Grimes. He died at a young age of consumption (tuberculosis) and is buried at Monticello.
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin
and affixed at the upper left corner) tied by the Abingdon, Va CDS
20 MAR. Addressed to Mr. John H. Cook, New Market Depot G & C
(Greenville and Columbia Railroad), Abbeville District, South Carolina.
In manuscript at lower left “PM
please forward by the Millway Carrier.”
The address and notations on the cover are just a bit light but are
still perfectly legible. The cover is otherwise Very Fine.
This is also a Turned Cover with an inside use -- CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue tied by a partial strike of the large single rim Winchester, Va CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Corpl J. P. Cook, Washington Hospital, Abingdon, Virginia. Corpl J. P. Cook served in Co G 2nd SC Cav which was with the ANV in 1863 and 1864. Could find no information on Corpl Cook as to why he was in the hospital, but he apparently used this cover that he received to send a letter home to his father by way of the Millway Carrier.
The “Millway Carrier” notation has always been somewhat of a mystery. Even though the cover originates in Virginia, the mark is associated with the Millway SC post office. Pre-war and CSA covers are both known with the “Millway Carrier” notation. “Millway” was also the name of a plantation in that area. Noted CSA Philatelist Dick Krieger wrote a two-part article on the “Millway Carrier” notation which appeared in the May-June and July-August 1988 issues of the Confederate Philatelist. In his article, he outlines the very confusing mail routes in the Millway region of the Abbeville District and points out that the “Millway Carrier” notation is seen only on covers addressed to New Market SC. New Market was a depot on the Greenville and Columbia Railroad some 15-20 miles distant from Millway. Neither New Market nor Millway appear on a current map of South Carolina. He further concluded that the notation was a routing instruction applied by the sender to make certain that the letters were carried on to Millway by the official government mail routes. In other words, this was not a private carrier service. There has been some speculation among SC Postal Historians that a slave from the plantation may have been used at least part of the time to bring the mail from New Market to Millway, but this remains as speculation and has not been proven.
||Turned Cover -- 2nd Use (outside) CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by two strikes of the greasy GREEN Lynchburg, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Coarse brown paper cover whcih appears to be homemade addressed to Messers Coons & Morris, Amherst Court H(ouse), Amherst Co., Va. Notation at the top "From J. E. Caldwell. 1st Use (inside) CSA #7 (2 singles) tied by the small double circle Knoxville, Ten CDS and addressed to Col J. E. Caldwell, Lynchburg, Va. No Col Caldwell associated with the Confederate Army, so the title is most likely honorary. Very clean cover and a very good example of the not commonly seen green postmark. This turned cover has not been folded for display. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.||$400.00|
||Turned Cover -- 1st Use CSA #12 (AD) with a beautiful color with an opaline sheen (4-Margin) tied by a much better than average strike of the BLUE Petersburg, Va CDS 5 JUN (1863). Addressed to Colo C. R. Baird, San Marino, Dinwiddie Cty., Va. No Col C. R. Baird associated with the Confederate Army, so the title is most likely honorary. 2nd Use (outside) stampless with the manuscript postal marking "San Marino (Va) June 6/63" and manuscript "Paid 10c." Addressed to Mr. Alexander Donnan, Petersburg, Va. Alexander Donnan was a lawyer in Petersburg. San Marino is listed as a CSA post office in Dinwiddie County, but no trace of it remains today. Coarse brown paper homemade cover with one back flap missing. Very clean cover. Ex-Randy Neil Exhibit.||$350.00|
||CSA #11c (AD)
Greenish-Blue (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin) tied by the GOODSON (Va) Straight Line
cancel CC SL-03C with the month removed (late state). Light coarse
paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. Adair Pleasants, Box No 762, Richmond,
Va. Sealed back flap opening tear just extending to the top right of
the front of the cover not affecting the stamp or the postmark. Very
clean appearing cover. Nice example of this straight line cancel.
John Adair Pleasants (1826-1893), a Virginia planter and farmer, served as a clerk in the Treasury Department in Richmond during the war. He evacuated Richmond on the train with the contents of the Treasury Department and Jefferson Davis and other government officials when the city fell. He is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
||CSA #11c Greenish-Blue (AD) (margin touches at the bottom, small short transfer at top center, minor edge gum toning at the bottom) pen-cancelled and the manuscript postal markings to the left "Mattoax (Va) March 8th". Richmond Female Institute overall illustrated College Cover in Light Gray. The cover is from the well-known and well-documented Winston Correspondence addressed to Chas H. Winston, Charleston SC. The Winston Correspondence is the source of these college covers as he was the president of the college. The school was closed at the beginning of the war and the buildings used as General Hospital #4 for Confederate officers. The Winstons continued to use these covers for their personal correspondence. Charles Winston, a chemist, used his skills to help provide munitions for the CSA government. Very Fine.||$500.00|
||CSA #12 (AD)
Opaline (margin touches at the bottom) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS
partially struck off the cover with a JUL date. Very coarse paper
made from a printed but unused lined ledger sheet.
Addressed to Mrs. Frances Brockenbrough, Tapphannock, Essex Co., Va.
Very clean cover.
||CSA #9 T-E-N (stamp cut close on all four sides) tied by the Staunton, Va CDS 26 APR. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Miss Mattie J. Trevillian, Trevillian's Depot, Louisa Co., Va. Trevil(l)ian's Depot was a station on the Virginia Central Railroad and the site of a cavalry battle in June 1864. Very minor reduction at the left where opened. Very clean cover.||$600.00|
||CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS 3 MAY (1864). Commercially made Mourning Cover with a railroad address to Miss Mattie Trevillian, Trevillian's Depot, V & C R R (Virginia Central Railroad), Virginia. Light central vertical crease, and part of top back flap missing. Still a very clean appearing mourning cover.||$450.00|
#12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS
Type 5f 31 JUL 1864. Latest date recorded by Powell for this Richmond
Addressed to Mrs. Peter B. Law Care of Rev C. C. Chaplin, Danville,
Virginia. Minor back flap opening tear. Very Fine.
Peter Burwell Law (1833-1918) had service as a Sergt in Co D 3rd Va Local Defense Infantry. This unit was assigned to the local defense of Richmond in 1864 and early 1865. This cover was possibly sent by Sergt Law home to his wife in Danville. After the war, he lived in Danville and is listed as a Commission Merchant on the Federal Census of 1870.
Rev Charles Crawford Chaplin (1831-1884), a Baptist clergyman in Danville, was married to the sister of Sergt Law's wife. Mrs. Law was very likely staying with her sister while her husband was away in Richmond. In 1877, Rev Chaplin relocated to Texas and became very prominent in the Texas Baptist Church.
||CSA #12 (AD) tied by the BLUE Petersburg, Va CDS 2 SEP. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. G. W. Bradley, Pickensville PO, Pickens District SC. Very Fine.||$150.00|
||CSA #12b Dark Blue (KB)
(4-Margin) tied by the Richmond,
Va CDS Powell Type 6q 14 FEB (1865). Valentines Day cover.
Stamp has the appearance of an Overheated
Plate variety (CC 12-KB-v4). Coarse paper cover which
appears to be homemade with Military
Address to Mr. James M. Rawlings, 1st Rockbridge Artillery, Hardyway's
Battallion (Hardaway's Battalion) near Richmond, Va. An
argument could be made that this is an Overpaid Drop Letter,
but this is a bit murky with the address being a military unit rather
than the post office itself. Very Fine.
James Minor Rawlings (1846-1898) enlisted as a Private in the 1st Rockbridge Light Artillery 3/26/1864. He served to the end of the war but was away on leave when the ANV surrendered. After the war, he completed his studies and became a Presbyterian Minister.
||CSA #5 with a
beautiful Deep Rose color (margin close at the top right corner) tied
by a full strike of the Richmond,
CDS Powell Type 3b (broken "N" of "JUN") 20 JUN 1862. The stamp color
could be considered by some to be very close to a Carmine. Addressed to
Mrs. W. T. Walthall, Greenville, Alabama. CSA Certificate 2007 which
confirms the Deep Rose color and notes a retouched surface scuff
(stamp) at the lower right which is unobtrusive. Very Fine appearance.
The cover was most likely sent by Capt William T. Walthall (1820-1899) of Co I 12th Ala Inf home to his wife. Capt Walthall's war record is sketchy. He is refered to as Major Walthall after the war but there is no record that could be found of an actual promotion. He was an educator and a writer and was the editor of the Mobile, Ala, newspaper for a time after the war. He also assisted Jefferson Davis in writing his history of the Confederacy and may have ghost written some of Davis' history. He also wrote a sketch of Jefferson Davis' life.
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin)
tied by the Richmond, Va
CDS Powell Type 5a 20 JUN 1863. Blue paper Semi-Official imprinted cover
"Confederate States of America WAR DEPARTMENT Engineer Bureau, Official
(WD-EN-03). Addressed to Mr. James Fitz, Keswick Depot, Albemarle Co.,
Va. Keswick Depot was a station on the Virginia Central Railroad. Very
James Fitz (b1806) was a prominent Albermarle County, Virginia planter. He had a son also named James Fitz (1839-1904) who served in the 2nd Va Cav, but has no military record after 1862. Not sure if the cover is addressed to either the father or the son as neither appear to have had any connection to the War Department Engineer Bureau.
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the McGaheysville, Va 23 SEP. From the well-known West Virginia Mauzy Correspondence addressed to Mrs. Mary Edgar Mauzy, Lewisburg, Greenbrier Co., Va. Cover originated in Confederate Virginia and sent into a Confederate controlled area of the Union State of West Virginia formed in 1863. Many of the CSA covers in and out of West Virginia come from the Mauzy Correspondence. Greenbrier County is a border county with Virginia in the southern part of the state. A little light foxing and a back flap opening tear. Still a Very Fine appearing cover.||$200.00|
||CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va 9 APR (1864). Official Post Office Department Imprinted Cover Chief of the Appointment Bureau (unsigned). Stamp placed over the imprint indicating private use. Addressed to Col W. D. Coleman, Postmaster, Danville, Va Pittsylvania Co. The addressee was the Confederate postmaster of Danville (1861-1865) and the "Col" title was apparently a Virginia militia commission. He was also the editor and publisher of the local newspaper. The original letter is included which is from a friend and could benefit from a transcription as much of the letter deals with tobacco. Very clean appearing cover but with some edge tear repair work at the top center involving part of the imprint, and part of top back flap missing. Ex-Wiseman.||$300.00|
||CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin with minor edge stain at lower right corner) tied by a full strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 25 JUL 1862. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs S. S. Heard, Hatchechubbee, Russel(l) Co, Ala routed Via Columbus, Ga. Very clean cover.||$150.00|
||CSA #12 (KB) (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6q 27 JAN (1865). Addressed to Mr. A. J. Bondurant, Buckingham CH, Va. "OB" at top center for "Official Business." Reduced at left not affecting anything. Very clean cover with an 1865 postal use.||$175.00|
||CSA #1c Olive Green Horz Pair
Stone A/B (not plated but does not plate to Stone 1 with
just a little gum toning) lightly pen-cancelled
and tied by the Tudor
CDS 2 NOV 1861 (very early use). Addressed to Miss Clerind Butler,
Stone Mountain, Ga. Soldier's endorsement at left which goes under the
stamps and is crossed out "Private
T. C. Butler, Comp E 7th Regt (Ga Inf)."
It appears as though Pvt Butler started to prepare the letter as a
soldier's due and then acquired the stamps and had no need to send the
letter as a "Due" and crossed out his endorsement. Very clean cover.
Thomas Curry Butler enlisted as a private in Co E 7th Ga Inf 5/29/1861. He is listed as having "Died of Disease" 6/4/1862 and is buried in the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
#4a Dark Blue Stone 2 Position 24 (4-Margin)
pen-cancelled (not tied)
with the matching manuscript "Walton
Mills Va April 15 1862" postal
markings. Walton Mills is a listed post office in Cumberland County,
Va. Military Address to
Lt John Wm Turner, Jamestown Island,
Va. Jamestown Island apparently had a small post
office to service
the soldiers in
the area, but it must have been unofficial as it is not listed.
Unsigned and undated pencil notation on the reverse "Island office
opened during war for troops defending James River." I am
to confirm that statement. Very small but complete cover. A
minor foxing and a small corner fault at the upper right. Overall a
very clean appearing cover and a very obscure postal use.
John William Turner (b1833) enlisted as a 2nd Lieut in Co C Va 10th Battn Heavy Artillery. Company C was known as "Allen's Artillery." The unit was assigned to the defenses of Richmond and fortified Jamestown Island to defend the James River. He was promoted 1st Lieut 2/10/1863 and later assigned to recuiting duty. He was back on the unit rolls 8/31/1864. Near the end of the war, he was captured as a POW at Sailor's Vreek (va) 4/6/1865 and confined at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington DC before being transferred to Johnson's Island. He was released from Johnson's Island after taking the Oath of Allegiance 6/20/1865.
||Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the Tudor Hall, Va CDS 14 NOV 1861 and handstamp Due 5 Type D. Yellow paper cover addressed to Miss J. A. Gregory, Culpeper CH (Va). Endorsed at top right "W. B. Gregory Asst Surg 12th Ala Vol." Minor reduction at the left where opened. Very clean cover.||$150.00|
||CSA #4b Light Milky Blue (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom) (possibly Stone 3 but not plated) tied by the large single rim Winchester, Va CDS 14 (month not discernable) 1862. Addressed to Miss Jessie W. Smith, Spartanburg, South Carolina Care of Peter Smith Esqr. Colorless embossing around the edges. An old note on the back identifies the cover as a possible Valentines Day use likely because of the embossing. But the month in the CDS cannot be determined. Sealed back flap tears. Very clean appearing cover. Ex-Myerson.||$275.00|
||CSA #1c Deep Olive Green Stone
but a little close in spots) tied by the RED Smithfield, Va CDS
(1861). Addressed to Mrs. Roulhac, Hillsborough, Orange County, North
Carolina. Very Fine with a very nice stamp.
||CSA #1c Horz Pair Deep Olive Green Stone A/B (4-Margin with a light vertical pre-affixing crease between the stamp and a small surface scuff at the upper left corner of the right stamp) tied by the small double circle BLUE Norfolk, Va CDS 19 NOV (1861). Small lady's type cover addressed to Mrs. D. Borland Care of Carroll Hoy & Co., New Orleans (La). Small reduction at the left where opened.||$450.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 46 (4-Margin) tied by a bold strike of the Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 3a 28 FEB 1862. Addressed to Mr. William E. Johnson, Petersburg, Va. Very clean appearing cover.||$225.00|
||CSA #12d (AD) Dark Blue
(4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the RED Petersburg, Va
CDS 17 NOV (1864). Addressed to Mrs Harry Hammond Care of H. H. Cumming
Esqr, Augusta, Georgia. Small reduction at the left where opened. Very
The addressee, Emily Harford Cumming Hammond (1834-1911), was the daughter of Henry Harford Cumming (1799-1866), a very prominent Augusta attorney. Her brother was CSA Brig-Gen Alfred Cumming (1829-1910). Her husband was James Henry "Harry" Hammond (1832-1916) who was the most likely sender of this cover. Major "Harry" Hammond of Columbia SC was an ANV staff officer (Quartermaster). His wife stayed with her father in Augusta, Georgia, while her husband was away with the army. After the war, they returned to South Carolina where Major Hammond was a prominent planter and agricultualist.
||CSA #4 Vert Pair Stone 2 Positions 20, 30 (4-Margin with just a little edge gum toning) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS 22 JUN (1862) Powell Type 3b (broken "N' of "JUN"). Addressed to Mr. Eli McDaniel, Yellow River PO, Ga. Most likely sent by a Georgia soldier home to a relative but am not able to identify the sender. Very clean appearing cover with only a little light staining.||$225.00|
||USA #26 tied by the BLUE Portsmouth, Va
CDS 23 APR 1861 (year is in the CDS) Virginia Independent State.
College Cover with colorless embossed fancy corner card at the upper
Seminary for Young Ladies Rev A. J. Leavenworth Pirncipal Petersburg
to Miss Nellie C. Wordin Care of Rev A. J. Leavenworth, Petersburg, Va.
This cover is the listing cover and the one illustrated in the College
Cover section of the CSA Catalog (CC VA-05). Very Fine.
The school was founded in 1855 but did not survive the war. The addressee, Nellie Wordin (b1845), was from a wealthy Connecticut family and was a student at the school 1860-1861 returning to Connecticut at the start of the war. Rev A. J. Leavenworth (1803-1869), a Presbyterian clergyman, was her uncle.
Soldiers Due cover with the Tudor
Hall, Va CDS with the handstamp DUE 10
Type E 13 DEC 1861. Addressed to Miss L. Minnie Smith Care Maj E. P.
Smith, Glenn Springs PO, South Carolia. Endorsed at top right "From Private E. C. Smith Co G 5th
Regt SCV (South Carolina Volunteers)." Reduced at left
where opened not affecting anything. Very clean cover.
Eliphas C. Smith (1836-1888) enlisted as a private in Co G 5th SC Inf 4/13/1861. He is listed as absent due to illness 7/1/1862 and was hospitalized in Richmond but later rejoined his unit in June 1862. No further military record. At his death in 1888, he was known as a prominent citizen and farmer landowner who bore the honory title of "Major" used in his death notice. Pvt Smith is writing to his sister, Minnie (1842-1926), in care of his father Maj Elihu Penquite Smith (1804-1878), a prominent local South Carolina politician having served multiple terms in the South Carolina Legislature. The Smith family was very prominent in the Spartanburg District and were landowners.
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not
plated) (4-Margin) pen-cancelled and manuscript postal markings at
upper left "Barboursville
(Va) (Orange County) Jany 22 (1862)." Military Address to Capt William
S. Parran, Com F, 13th Va Regt, Manassas Junction, Va." Very
William Sellman Parran (1834-1862) of Barboursville, Va, enrolled in VMI in 1852 but was only there a short time and did not graduate. His biography says he transferred to West Point in 1853 but also did not graduate but there is no actual record of his West Point attendance. He later attended both Winchester (Va) Medical College and the Baltimore Medical College (now the University of Maryland) and graduated as an MD in April 1857. In 1859 he organized and became the Captain of a battery of militia artillery. In April 1861 he took his battery to Harpers Ferry where troops were organizing and was mustered into service with his unit as Capt of Co F 13th Va Inf 4/17/1861. In December 1861, he bcame ill with jaundice and resigned his commission in April 1862. But he recovered enough to serve as the Assistant Surgeon (contract physician) of an artillery battalion (Courtney's Battalion of Artillery). Dr. Parran was on the field at the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) 9/17/1862 and was Killed-in-Action in the battle while serving as a volunteer gunner in an undermanned artillery battery of the Washington Artillery.
PAID cover with the Richmond,
Va CDS Powell Type 2b and the handstamp PAID 5cts Type F 15
DEC 1861. Military
Address to Capt R. V. Scott Care Col Kirby, 21st NC (Inf), Manassas, Va.
Endorsed at upper left "CB
Gibson Sur(geon) PACS (Provisional Army of the Confederate States)." Period
receiving docketing at the right "Tho C Shottin no answer required."
at upper right with no indication of a specific office or department.
Considering the presence of a PACS Surgeon's endorsement, the cover may
have come from the Surgeon General's office. An imprinted cover with
only OFFICIAL BUSINESS and not an accompanying office or department is
not commonly seen. Very Fine. Signed by Brian Green.
There is no Capt R. V. Scott listed on the roster of the 21st NC Inf. The only R. Scott listed on the roster is Robert Scott in Company A (enlisted and not an officer). Perhaps the rank is incorrect on the cover as there is no Capt R. V. Scott listed anywhere as having served in the Confederate Army including as a staff officer. "Col Kirby" in the address is an error as the colonel of the 21st NC Inf at this time was William W. Kirkland, a similar name which could explain the confusion. The endorsement is that of Charles Bell Gibson PACS (1816-1865) who was the Surgeon-in-Charge of General Hospital (military hospital) No. 1 in Richmond. He also had the additional duty of examining sick or wounded soldiers to determine fitness for duty and disposition such as return to duty, discharge, furlough, etc. It is possible that Surgeon Gibson, for whatever reason, found Capt Scott unfit for duty and recommended discharge with this cover containing the Surgeon's recommendation. If that is the case, then that would be a reason for Capt Scott not making the official regimental roster.
Soldiers (Due) cover with a full strike of the Tudor Hall, Va CDS
and handstamp (Due) 10 Type
F 20 OCT 1861. Addressed to Mr. J. R. Minter, Mt Tabor, Union District
SC. Endorsed at left "A.
N. Minter 5th Regt SC Vol." Minor back flap opening tear,
otherwise Very Fine.
A. N. Minter was a musician assigned to Co G 5th SC Inf. He later served as a muscian in the band of the 6th SC Inf. He survived the war and was paroled at the end of the war. No futher information.
||CSA #12b (AD) Light Blue
(4-Margin with a small upper sheet margin and just a little edge gum
toning) tied by the small single rim Montgomery Springs, Va
CDS (date not apparent). Light green paper cover addressed to Honorable
F. J. Moses, Sumter S. Ca. Period receiving docketing at left. Very
The addressee, Franklin J. Moses Sr (1804-1877), was a respected South Carolina jurist who served for 30 years in the South Carolina State Senate (1836-1866). After the war he was elected as Chief Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court 1868-1877. His son, Franklin J. Moses Jr (1838-1906) was elected a Reconstruction governor of South Carolina 1872-1874.
||CSA #65x1 5c Red Petersburg Provisional from Position 2 (margins close left and top) tied to cover by the BLUE Petersburg, Va CDS 19 NOV (1861). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William Wyatt, Poplar Mount, Va. The original letter remains with the cover which is high quality stationery with the embossed mark of a London, England, stationer. Short one-page letter dealing with the renewal of a monetary note that has come due. Very clean cover with minor edge wear at the top.||$1,900.00|
||Stampless PAID cover with the Tudor Hall, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 25 NOV 1861. Light coarse brown paper cover with railroad address to Mr. Geo T. Whittington Care of T. M. Lake Esq, Rectortown (Station) M. G. R. R. (Manassas Gap Railroad) (Fauquier County), Va. The Manassas Gap Railroad was a 90 mile narrow gauge line from Manassas Junction to Mount Jackson and served 20 stations. The line was used by the Confederacy to move troops. Rectortown was one of the stations located 30 miles from Manassas Junction. Cover most likely sent by a Virginia soldier as most of the mail through Tudor Hall at this time was military related as the army was camped nearby. But I am unable to identify the sender. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine.||$150.00|
||CSA #12 (AD)
(4-Margin but a little irregular at the bottom) pen-cancelled and
Depot Aug 25 / 64.” The manuscript also ties the stamp.
Rockfish Depot was a stop on the Virginia
Central Railroad in Nelson County, Virginia, between
Charlottesville and Staunton. Orange paper Captured US Christian Commission
Cover with the Peace Dove and Verse. Addressed to Mr.
Charles R. Farrar, Pamplins Depot, Appomattox Co., Va. Pamplins Depot
was a station on the Southside
flap opening tears and just a little edge wear but a very clean and
attractive cover. Captured imprinted US Christian Commission covers
with CSA postal use are not commonly seen.
Charles Robert Farrar (1839-1914) enlisted as a Private in Co B 46th Va Inf 6/19/1861. He was on the rolls of the regiment for the entire war but was hospitalized several times for illnesses. At the time of this cover, he was at home in Pamplin's Depot on furlough recovering from dysentery. He did rejoin his unit and is listed as wounded 4/2/1865 during the Appomattox Campaign and briefly hospitalized at Farmville before being paroled 4/27/1865. After the war, he spent the rest of his life farming in Appomattox County. Charles Farrar had a slightly older relative, George F. Farrar (1837-1908) (possibly a cousin but could have been a brother) who enlisted with Charles in the same unit at the same time. George remained on the unit rolls throughout the war achieving the rank of Sergt surrendering 4/9/1865 at Appomattox. George Farrar was possibly the sender of this cover to his convalecsing relative as about the only way this Christian Commission cover could have been captured was to take it off a Union soldier. After the war, George Farrar likewise spent the rest of his life farming in Appomattox County.
||USA Star Die with patent lines and overprinted with Official POD Imprint "Confederate States of America, Post Office Department, Official Business signed by H St Geo Offutt Chief of the Contract Bureau" Type CON-06a listed variety with the "CO" of "CONTRACT" missing. Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 5f 20 JUL (1864) and handstamp FREE Type AA. Addressed to Postmaster, Oak Shade, Culpeper Co., Va. Very Fine.||$500.00|
||CSA #5 Position 2 (4-Margin
with a top sheet margin) tied by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS
28 JUL 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. W. Eugene Webster
Care of Rev Mr Crosby, Halifax C. H., Virginia. Back flap opening tear.
Very clean cover and a very nice stamp. APS Certificate 2007.
The addressee was the wife of William Eugene Webster (1831-1862) a civil engineer from Maryland (born in Connecticut) who was a cousin of Mary Custis Lee. Local tradition had it that he was also a nephew of Daniel Webster. He attended West Point but did not graduate. Webster served the CSA as a Lieut of Infantry staff officer at the Richmond Arsenal beginning in November 1861. In May 1862, he was ordered to report to CSA Gen Josiah Gorgas (Chief of Confederate Ordnance) as a Lieut of Artillery. Lieut Webster (may have been promoted Captain) was Killed-in-Action at Gaines Mills (Va) 6/27/1862 while serving as a VADC to CSA General Rodes. This cover could not be from Lieut Webster as it is dated after his death but perhaps from another family member or friend.
||CSA #11 (AD) (margin just a little irregular at the left) tied by the Richmond, Va CDS (date not fully apparent). Commercial envelope Semi-Official Imprint "Confederate States of America Treasury Department" (CC TD-01). Addressed to John W. Kirkland Esq, Depository, Hillsboro NC. Minor back flap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine.||$300.00|
cover (Soldiers Due) with the Accokeek,
Va CDS and manuscript "Due
5" 20 DEC 1861. Addressed to Mrs. M. B. Harrison,
Petersburg, Virginia. Endorsed at top left "H. H. Walker Lieut Col 4th Va."
The black ink manuscript is receiving docketing. Cover includes the
orginal letter. Stain at upper left involving the endorsement
some generalized foxing.
Henry Harrison Walker (1832-1912), an 1853 graduate of West Point was the Lieut Colonel of the 4th Va Inf and was twice wounded at Gaines Mill in the Battle of the Seven Days. After convalescing, he was promoted Brig-Gen 7/1/1863 and was again wounded at Spotsylvania CH (Va) in May 1864. After recovering, he was on court martial duty in Richmond and near the end of the war was guarding the Richmond and Danville Railroad. After the war, he relocated to Morristown NJ and operated as a investment broker for a number of years. The short letter to a relative datelined "Aequia Creek Dec 19th 1861" mentions that the regiment is ordered down the Potomac to "...repel an imaginary or real landing of the enemy." But at present he is sitting on a Court of Inquiry. The letter also mentions a slave named "Robert." A typed transcript of the letter is included as is much more detailed information on General Walker. Henry Harrison Walker is rather an obscure but well-respected CSA General, and his war-time signature is not often seen. This item contains two examlpes of his signature as Lt Col, the first on the endorsement on the cover and the second signature signing the letter which is entirely in the future general's hand.
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 41 (faults but still a decent appearance) and CSA #6 (4-Margin but a little edge nick at left center) used in combination to make the 10c rate for distance greater than 500 miles. Stamps tied together and to the cover by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS with a MAY 1862 date. Addressed to Mr. J. K. Aiton, Phoenix SC. Joseph K. Aiton (1809-1887) of Greenwood County SC is listed as a fairly wealthy farmer on the Federal Census of 1860. Cover with a little foxing and minor soiling but still a decent representative example of a nice combination use. Minor reduction at the right where opened. Ex-Milgram.||$350.00|
||CSA #11a (AD) Milky Blue
(4-Margin) tied by a bold strike of the Culpeper CH, Va CDS
11 AUG. Addressed to Mrs. Catherine Small, Harrington PO, Harnett Cty,
N. Carolina. Very clean cover.
According to the 1860 Federal Census, Catherine Small (b1799) of Harnett County, North Carolina, had a son, Malcom Small (b1840) who enlisted as a private in Co A 5th NC Cav 7/2/1862. The 5th NC Cav was an ANV unit. Pvt Small could very well have sent this cover from Virginia home to his mother. Pvt Small is listed as wounded in the right knee (place and time not given) but he was hospitalized in Richmond 8/17/1864 during the early phases of the Siege of Petersburg. He was furloughed in September 1864 with no further record. But in the later Federal Censuses after the war, he had returned to Harnett County and continued farming.
||CSA #1 (not plated
and a very dry printing) (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Winchester, Va
CDS 25 FEB (1862). Yellow paper cover from the well-known and
well-documented Blackford Correspondence addressed to L. M. Blackford,
Lynchburg, Virginia. Receiving docketing at the left indicates that the
cover was sent by one C. A. Rutledge of Winchester and was received 4
March 1862. Sealed back flap opening tears, but still a very clean
cover with just a little minor foxing.
Launcelot (Lancelot) Minor Blackford (1837-1914), an 1859 graduate of the University of Virginia, enlisted in the Rockbridge Artillery 9/2/1861. He was later commissioned and served for a time as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps. Later in 1864, he was transferred to the 24th Va Inf where he served as the adjutant.
||CSA #1 Stone 2 (not
plated) (margin just in at the top center and a somewhat dry printing
with multiple random printing flaws) and CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 38
(4-Margin with a large random
printing flaw in the "E" of "CENTS" CC 4-2-v9). Stamps
used in combination
to make the 10c rate and tied together and to the cover by the Richmond, Va
CDS Powell Type 5a 19 JUN 1863 (late use for a lithograph combination).
Very small cover from the well-known Rives Correspondence
addressed to Mrs. W. C. Rives, Cobham, Albemarle County, Va. Back flap
opening tears, part of top back flap missing, a minor edge
at lower right, and a minor sealed edge tear at upper right. Otherwise,
a clean appearing cover and an excellent example of a 5c Green
5c Blue Lithograph combination use. CSA Certificate 1986 "Genuine in
all respects" and identifies the 5c Blue Lithograph as the "White Triangle"
variety noted and named in the 1986 Dietz Catalog but in the current
2012 CSA Catalog noted as a transient printing flaw and not named.
The addressee was the mother of Lt Col (later Col) Alfred Landon Rives (1830-1903) who was promoted Lt Col in May 1863 and Col in March 1864. He served in Richmond mainly as the second ranking officer in the Engineer Bureau. The addressee's husband was William Cabell Rives (1793-1868) who was a lawyer and a politician and served as a Virginia Confederate Congressman. The cover has no enclosure and does not appear to be from either her son or her husband. Lady's type cover most likely from a relative or lady friend in Richmond.
||Stampless Cover with postal markings all in manuscript "Coles
Ferry Va Dec 4 1861 Paid 5." Military Address to Capt Robert F. Dennis,
27th Regiment Va Volunteers Care of General Ewell, Winchester,
Virginia. Back flap opening tears but a very clean cover. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.|
Robert Flourney Dennis (1823-1897), a lawyer by profession having studied law at the University of Virginia and having practiced law in Lewisburg (West) Virginia before the war, organized an infrantry company which was attached to the 27th Va Inf and was part of the famed Stonewall Brigade. He served as the company Captain until transferred to the CSA Transportation Corps at an unknown date (most likely mid 1862 when the army was reorganized). General Ewell referenced on the cover served with Stonewall Jackson early in the war and took command of the 2nd Corps on the death of Stonewall Jackson in May 1863. Capt Dennis was serving in the Transportation Corp when he was captured as a POW in Alleghany County and confined at Camp Chase until released in February 1865. After the war, Capt Dennis resumed the practice of law in Lewisburg, West Virginia, and served in the West Virginia state senate (1876-1884).
|CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 38 (4-Margin) pen-cancelled and manuscript "Afton Va June 28th (1861)"
two days before the rate change. Obscure use from Nelson County. Afton
was a station on the Virginia Central Railroad. Coarse brown paper
cover with Military Address to Mr. William M. Mayo Care of Capt Marmaduke Johnson, Light Artillery, Richmond, Va. Very Fine. Ex-Kohn, Ex-Galen Harrision Collection.|
Marmaduke Johnson (1826-1871), a renowned Richmond criminal lawyer, a pre-war Virginia Commonwealth Attorney, and a member of the Virginia Secession Convention, entered service as Capt of the Va Johnson Light Artillery (also known as the Va Jackson Flying Artillery) in March 1862. He surrendered at Appomattox Court House 4/9/1865 as a Lt Col having served in every campaign and battle of the ANV from the Seven Days to Appomattox attached to Gen A. P. Hill's Light Division. After the war, he returned to the practice of law in Richmond and operated the Richmond Davis House Hotel.
William W. Mayo does not appear on the roster of Capt Johnson's unit. However, there is a Joseph R. Mayo on the roster. William may be a relative, and rosters are often known to be incomplete. There are instances when men were known to have joined a relative in a unit without ever officially enlisting.
|CSA #1 (not plated) (margins a little tight in spots and with small pre-affixing faults) pen-cancelled and manuscript "Wellville, Va Mar 3 (1862)." Very obscure use from a small village in Nottoway County. Military Address to Lieut J. Y. Phillips Care of Capt C. D. Dickerson, Williamsburg, Va. Small lady's type cover with embossed flowers on the back flap. Very clean cover. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.|
Lieut Joseph Y. Phillips (1840-1911) was the 3rd Lieut of Co D Va Montague's Infantry Battalion assigned to the Department of the Peninsula. The unit consoldated with several other small units into the 53rd Va Inf as Co C in December 1861. Lieut Phillips failed re-election and was discharged 5/5/1862 with no further service.
Capt Henry D. Dickerson (1829-1876) was the Captain of Co D Va Mongue's Infantry Battalion and consolidated into the 53rd Va Inf in December 1861 as Co C. He was also discharged 5/5/1862 having failed re-election. He had later service in Co K 18th Va Inf as an enlisted man beginning in January 1864. He is listed as captured as a POW at Sailor's Creek (Va) 4/6/1865 and confined at Point Lookout until released 6/11/1865.
|Stampless Cover with postal markings all in manuscript "Timber Ridge Va July 30th 1861 Paid 5.'" Very obscure use from Rockbridge County. From the Franklin Davis Correspondence addressed to Mr. Davis the Nursery Man, Staunton, Va. Part of top back flap missing. Very clean cover. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.||$225.00|
|CSA #7 Horz Pair
(just touches at the right upper corner) Pen-cancelled and manuscript
"B(eaver) D(am) Depot Va Jany 20th (1863)." Beaver Dam Depot was a
station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad in
Hanover County. From the well-known Blackford Correspondence
addressed to Launcelot M. Blackford, Box No 6, Lynchburg, Va. A little
edge and corner wear but still a clean cover. Receiving docketing at
the left indicates the cover was from C.N.B Minor. Ex-Galen
Launcelot (Lancelot) Minor Blackford (1837-1914), an 1859 graduate of the University of Virginia, enlisted in the Rockbridge Artillery 9/2/1861. He was later commissioned and served for a time as an advocate in the military court system of Longstreet’s Corps. Later in 1864, he was transferred to the 24th Va Inf where he served as the adjutant.
Carter Nelson Berkeley Minor (1842-1930) (Launcelot Blackford and Carter Minor were cousins) entered service as a private in the Va Rockbridge Light Artillery 7/27/1861. He is listed as wounded at Winchester 5/25/1861, wounded twice at Fredericksburg 12/13/1862 and 12/14/1862, and wounded again at Gettysburg 7/3/1863. He transferred from the artillery into Co I Va 1st Engineers in April 1864 and was soon thereafter commissioned 2nd Lieut and served to the end of the war surrendering at Appomattox Court House 4/9/1865.
|Stampless Cover with postal markings all in manuscript "Beaver Dam Depot Nov 29th 1861 Paid 5." Beaver Dam Depot was a station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad in Hanover County. From the well-known Franklin Davis, Staunton, Virginia Correspondence. The signature at left "W. C. Winston" is in the same ink and handwriting as the postal markings and would indicate that the sender was the Beaver Dam Depot postmaster. Very Fine. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.||$275.00|
|Stampless cover with the single rim Mossingford, Va CDS (listed in the CSA Catalog as brown but looks more like a degraded black) and manuscript "Paid 5" 5 AUG (1861). Military Address to Capt Wm Townes Care Col Edmonds 38th Reg (Va), Manassas Junction (Va).
Included with the cover is a very lengthy 4 page letter from Capt
Townes' wife. The letter, with some cross writing at the end, seems to
be filled with family and local news and could definitely benefit from
a transcription. Cover shows a little wear at both bottom corners but
overall a very clean cover with a nice postmark. The letter is Very
Fine. Ex-Brian Green with his note on the back identifying the postmark
as brown. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.|
William Townes Jr (1834-1910) entered service as Captain of Co G 38th Va Inf 5/18/1861. He was dropped from the rolls 4/29/1862 when he failed re-election. No record of any further service.
Edward Claxton Edmonds (1835-1863), an 1858 graduate of VMI and principal of the Danville Military Academy at the beginning of the war, was Colonel of the 38th Va Inf beginning 6/12/1861. He is listed as wounded at Seven Pines (Va) 6/1/1862 and Killed-in-Action leading his regiment at Gettysburg Pickett's Charge 7/3/1863 (Armistead's Brigade, Pickett's Division).
|CSA #5 Dull Rose (4-Margin with some gum toning and pre-affixing faults affixed sideways) Pen-cancelled and manuscript "Yellow Sul(phur) Spr(in)g(s) Aug 13 (1862)." Very
obscure use from Montgomery County. Addressed to Miss Pattie W. Leach,
Farmville, Va. Appears to be an Adversity Cover made from an old letter
with handwriting inside and out (very difficult to try and read) and
missing both side flaps. Very interesting cover. A little staining left
and right. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.|
Yellow Sulphur Springs (near Blacksburg and Christiansburg) was a popular resort and health spa of the day in Montgomery County where the antebellum wealthy went to "take the waters." The post office was established in the late 1850's. The resort closed in 1863 because of the war but the post office continued until 1866. The resort was somewhat revived in the 1870's into the early 20th century under various owners, and a post office was evidently re-established but was at some point discontinued as there is no post office there today. The spring itself still exists today, and the area was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
|CSA #11 (AD) (margin just touches at the right but with part of the adjacent stamp visible at the bottom) Pen-cancelled and manuscript "7 Mile ford Va Dec 11." Seven Mile Ford is on the Holston River in Smyth County. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Leonidas Baugh Esqr, Abingdon, Va. Very Fine Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.||$250.00|
|CSA #11 AD (4-Margin Position 10 stamp with upper and right sheet margins and light gum toning) Pen-Cancelled and manuscript "News Ferry (Va) June 20 1864." News Ferry was on the Dan River in Halifax County. Light coarse paper cover made from recycled paper addressed to Mr. Wm H. Simms, Clover Depot, V(a). Clover Depot was a station on the Richmond and Danville Railroad in Halifax County. Very Fine Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.||$250.00|
covertly privately carried across Chesapeake Bay from CSA controlled
Virginia and put in the Union mail in Lakesville, Md (Dorchester
County) located on the Maryland shore of Chesapeake Bay north of Point
Comfort with final destination in Baltimore. -- US #65 (nice stamp) Pen-Cancelled and manuscript "Lakesville, Md Oct 11 1864." Addressed to Mrs. Catherine E. Webb, No 50 North Green St, Baltimore, Md. Pencil notation which may or may not be period "From L. S. W. C. S. A." Very Fine. Ex-Galen Harrison Collection.|
Galen Harrison documents in his research that the cover contained a letter datelined "Fort Maryland, Petersburg Sept. 10, 1864" from the Siege of Petersburg. Unfortunately, the letter appears no longer to be with the cover. There is no evidence that this cover officially went through-the-lines as there are no examiner's marks and no evidence of CSA postage. The only way this cover could have traveled from Petersburg, Va, to Lakesville, Md where it was posted in the Union mail system was to have been carried privately and covertly across Chesapeake Bay to Lakesville, Md, located on the shore of the Bay. No other covers are known to have taken this route from CSA Virginia through Lakesville, Maryland, to a Union address.
The addressee, Mrs Catherine E. Webb, was the mother of Pvt Lewis S. Webb (b1837) of the 1st Maryland Light Artillery (CSA) who sent this cover to his mother. Pvt Webb enlisted at Richmond in this CSA unit 6/1/1861 and served throughout the war in Virginia surrendering at Appomattox Court House 4/9/1865 and was present at the Siege of Petersburg. According to the Federal Census of 1860, the Webb family were Southerners (father from Georgia and mother from Virginia) and ran a successful Grocery Store in Baltimore in 1860 where Lewis worked as a clerk. Estimated family worth was $15,000.00 ($550,000.00 in today's money).
|Stampless cover with manuscript "Paid 10"
and no postmark or postal manuscript. Light coarse paper cover
addressed to Edward S. Brown Esqr, Suney (sic) Side Post Office,
Cumberland County, Va. The original letter remains with the cover
datelined "Buckingham mine Buckingham Satteray (Saturday) 31 January 1863."
Short letter which is not very literate and with creative spelling
dealing with a land sale. Very Fine cover and letter. Ex-Galen Harrison
Buckingham Mine, Va, is a listed post office in Buckingham County according to the 1862 List of Post Offices but is not listed in the CSA Catalog as no CSA stampless covers were reported from that post office at the time of publication. The cover has a manuscript rate but lacks a postmark or postal manuscript, but the letter confirms Buckingham Mine as the origin of the cover in the dateline. The letter and the address on the cover are in the same handwriting. This is currently believed to be the only confirmed CSA cover from this very obscure Virginia post office. There is gold in Buckingham County, and the name refers to Buckingham Gold Mines.
|CSA #12d (AD) Dark Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Richmond, Va Powell Type 5g 18 MAR (1865). The use of this Richmond postmark dates the cover to a very late March 1865 use about 2 weeks prior to the Fall of Richmond. Overall Green Advertising Cover "Spotts & Harvey, Grocers & Commission Merchants, Richmond, Va." Addressed to Mr. P. J. Fowlkes, Jeffries Store, Nottoway Co., Va. Very Fine Ex-Judd, Ex-Haas.||$1,000.00|
|CSA #7 (London Paper) Horz Pair (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) pen-cancelled and tied by one of the pen strokes and manuscript "Moores Ordy (Ordinary) Va June 2/63" (Prince Edward County). Full
Military Address to Capt Richard H. Watkins, Co K 3rd Regt 2nd Brigade,
Stuarts Cavalry Care Genl Fitzhugh Lee, Richmond, Va. The address names two very prominent cavalry Generals. Note on the back signed by Brian Green. Very Fine.|
Richard Henry Watkins (1825-1905), a lawyer by profession and also a wealthy farmer planter) entered service as a private in Co K 3rd Va Cav 6/24/1861. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut 4/15/1862 and promoted Capt 10/15/1862. He is listed as wounded with a saber cut to the head at Mountsville (Va) 10/31/1862 and had a horse killed under him at Kelly's Ford (Va) 3/17/1863. He was wounded a second time in the left hand at Tom's Brook (Va) requiring hospitalization at Gordonsville and Farmville. He was later transferred to the Invalid Corps and paroled at Danville (Va) 5/12/1865. After the war, he returned to his home in Prince Edward County. Cover most likely sent by his wife, Mary Watkins, whom he married in 1858.
|Stampless PAID cover with manuscript "Gladesboro, Va Oct 27th 1862 Paid 10 Cts" (Carroll County). Addressed to Mrs. Allie Yonce, Wytheville, Va. Adversity Cover made from an unused printed US Post Office Department Letter Bill form displayed flapped up from the lower right. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.||$250.00|
|Stampless PAID cover with the small double circle Winchester, Va CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 10 JUN 1861. Addressed to Mr. E. ----- (cannot decipher the last name because of the handwriting) Agt (Agent), Luray, Page Co., Va. Receiving docketing at left. Minor back flap opening tear. Some minor soiling at the upper left and right.||$100.00|