Bush Exhibit

Straight-Line, Fancy, and Unusual Cancels on
Confederate General Issue Stamps

All the material in this highly specialized group is from my personal collection-exhibit which represents more than fifty years of active collecting in order to obtain these items. The original exhibit was condensed from eight frames to five frames to meet the standard for a first time international exhibit. The full exhibit was awarded an International Vermeil at EFIRO in Romania in 2008. Entering the full exhibit in the USA World Series of Philately shows over the years has produced more than twenty Gold Medals and one Reserve Grand Award.

The Straight-Line Section entered as a stand alone one frame exhibit has always been awarded a national Gold Award, one Grand Award, one Reserve Grand Award, and one International Vermeil Award (Washington 2006). The Fancy Cancel Section was also entered as a one frame exhibit in a number of shows and was always awarded Gold Medals and one Grand Award. Combined, these two one frame sections qualified for my receiving the American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors Ruby Award.

I have written numerous articles on this material which have appeared in the Confederate Philatelist over the past 20+ years including a full series on the straight line cancels published in 1994-1995 and a major article on the fancy cancels published in 2006. The material in this exhibit further provides the basis for the listings and many of the illustrations in the Straight-Line and Fancy Cancel Section of the new CSA Catalog. They also form the basis for my 1997 book Straightline, Fancy, and Unusual Cancels and Handstamps on Confederate General Issue Stamps. In addition, many of the stamps and covers here presented were used as illustrations in our new award winning 2012 book Collectors Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition.

It is my hope that the material that you purchase from my exhibit will help you win many Gold Medals and even perhaps a Grand Award or two.

General Conrad L. Bush CSA


Introduction -- The vast majority of Confederae General Issue Stamps were canceled with either manuscript postal markings, a single rim Circle Date Stamp (CDS) of approximately 32mm in diameter, or a Double Circle Date Stamp (DCDS) of approximately 26mm in diameter. Cancels other than than these three types must be considered as "uncommon" and in very limited numbers. This exhibit (there are 165 separate general issue items listed) brings together a comprehensive study of these "uncommon" cancels. The items in this exhibit were chosen for the cancellations present on the Confederate General Issue stamp. All the different General Issue Stamps are present within the pages of this exhibit. An exhibit of these types of cancels does not lend itself to "telling a story." Each and every cancel is a story unto itself. (CLB)

In many of the descriptions, the statement is made that the item is one of two or one of three (etc) recorded examples. These statements are based on Gen Bush's 50 years of research in this area and to the best of our knowledge is current (CLB and JLK). However, these numbers are not meant to be absolute and should not be taken as such. It is certainly very possible that there may be other examples of any of these items buried in old collections that are toally unknown to us and to the Confederate philatelic community at large. A new example of any of these scarce items may appear at any time. That cannot be predicted.

This exhibit is tied very closely to the award winning book Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. If you do not as yet have your copy of this book, you can order one here using the order form below as this website is the only place where the book is currently available for purchase.

  
Please note that the items in this exhibit are offered net price. The CSA Member and Dealer Discounts do not apply to the material in this exhibit. Offers below the listed net price will not be considered.


FRAME 1
Introductory Covers and Straight-Line Cancels
BE1

Manuscript Postal Markings -- CSA #7 Vert Pair (4-Margin) with pen-cancels and tied by the manuscript "Woodlawn SC Sept 14th" postal markings. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Rev J. Scott Murray, Anderson CH, So. Ca. The addressee was the pastor of the First Baptist Church in the Anderson District of South Carolina. Very Fine. SOLD $150.00
BE2

Standard DCDS -- CSA #11a (AD) (margin just in at the top center Milky Blue) tied by the small DCDS Macomb, Tex  7 JAN 1864 (full year date in the postmark). Addressed to Col E. S. Gulley, Coatopa, Ala. The cover was posted well after the Fall of Vicksburg when the 40c Trans-Mississippi Express Rate was in effect. However, this cover went from Texas to Alabama for the standard 10c letter rate. The cover was not underpaid as the 40c rate at the time was not mandatory for all mail crossing the river. Letters could still be mailed at the standard 10c rate but just would not receive the express service. Most of the mail from one side of the Mississippi River to the other from the Fall of 1863 to the end of the war went for the 40c rate as the express service was far more reliable than the standard 10c letter rate service. Trans-Mississippi covers from this time showing the standard 10c letter rate are very scarce items. The cover is illustrated on Page 262 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Minor reduction at the right not affecting anything. Very clean cover. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE3

Standard Large Single Rim CDS -- CSA #11 (AD) Horz Strip of 4 (4-Margin Light Blue with a scissors cut between the 3rd and 4th stamps and a surface scuff on the 3rd stamp) tied by two full strikes of the Canton, Miss standard single rim CDS 19 JAN (1864).The stamps pay the 40c East-to-West Trans-Mississippi Express rate to Mrs. Martha H. Edwards, Lake Village, Chicott County, Arkansas. No routing notations. The original letter remains with the cover which confirms the 1864 use. The letter from a father to his daughter has war references “...we heard yesterday of another battle in Virginia...we have had quite a battle below Canton...the roar of cannon all over the country was terrific...” and more. A typed transcript of the letter is included. The letter was written in November 1863 but apparently could not be posted until January because at the time there was much fighting around Canton. This cover was a new Trans-Mississippi Express find in 2002 and is the subject of a Confederate Philatelist article (Bush-Jaronski) in the Jul-Aug 2002 issue which details the full research on the cover and the family. The cover is illustrated on Page 260 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The cover is made from a very coarse brown paper but is complete and clean and shows only some minor wrinkling. $5,000.00
BE4

Bath Alum Straight-Line -- CSA #7 Vert Pair Off-Cover (margins tight at top right and top left and has not been removed from the exhibit mounting) with the Bath Alum (Virginia) Straight-Line cancel with manuscript date “April 24, 1863." Bath Alum was a small town in Bath County, Va in the Shenandoah Mountains and no longer exists. This is currently the only recorded example of this straight-line cancel. There are no known full covers. This is the catalog listing copy and is illustrated on Page 376 (SL-01) of the new CSA Catalog and is also illustrated on Page 344 of The Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE5

Big Shanty Straight Line -- CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) Off-Cover (4-Margin but close at the top right with a little edge gum toning and has not been removed from the exhibit mounting) with an excellent strike of the Big Shanty (Georgia) Straight Line cancel (SL-02) March 29 (1862). The Big Shanty Straight Line was only in use March-May 1862. Relatively few examples survive most of which are on the 5c Blue Lithograph. This is currently one of only two recorded examples on a 5c Green Lithograph off-cover with one additional known example on-cover with the 5c Green Lithograph. Illustrated on Page 343 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$500.00
BE6

Big Shanty Straight Line -- CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 36 (4-Margin with just a little edge gum toning) tied to full cover by the Big Shanty (Georgia) Straight Line (SL-02) cancel May 26 (1862) addressed to Matilda Stevenson, Anderson CH SC. This is the second use of a turned cover. The first use folded to the inside is another CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 14 (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the Anderson CH SC CDS 30 MAR (1862) addressed to Mrs. Mary Stevenson, Carnesville PO, Franklin County, Ga. We (CLB and JLK) are only aware of about a dozen examples of this straight line cancel on the 5c Blue Lithograph, but there may be more. To our knowledge (CLB and JLK), this is the only example of the Big Shanty available on a turned cover. The cover is made from a very coarse brown paper and shows edge wear and a little ink erosion and has an interior fold reinforced with archival tape but has two nice stamps and an excellent strike of the scarce straight line cancel. The stamp and straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE7

Goodson Sept Straight Line First State -- CSA #12a (AD Milky Blue with a small corner clip at the lower left) tied to full cover by an excellent strike of the Goodson (Virginia) Sept (1863) Straight Line cancel (SL-03A). Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Miss Emma N. Day, Beaver Dam Depot, Hanover Cty, Va. On arrival in Bearver Dam Depot, the cover was forwarded to Negrofoot, Va with the manuscript forwarding marks at the upper left with “Due 10” to assess the forwarding fee. The “Sept” carved as part of the cancel is the primary or first state of this cancel. Goodson, Va located on the border near both Kentucky and Tennessee, was raided by Union General Stoneman on 9/18/1863. Gen Stoneman destroyed the post office along with warehouses and the railroad station. It was after this date that the woodblock Goodson Straight Line handstamp was carved and placed into use. There are only currently recorded three examples of this primary state handstamp with “Sept.” Two are on off-cover stamps, and this is the only cover. Minor backflap opening tears and a little edge wear at the right, otherwise a Very Fine cover. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-03A) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The three states of the Goodson Straight Line cancel was published (Bush) in the Confederate Philatelist Jan-Feb 1994 issue. This cover is also illustrated on Page 339 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$2,000.00
BE8

Goodson Oct Straight Line Second State -- CSA #11c (AD Greenish Blue margin touches at right) tied to full cover by an excellent strike of the Goodson (Virginia) Oct (1863) Straight Line cancel (SL-03B). “Sept” replaced by “Oct” is the second state of the Goodson Straight Line of which only five examples have been currently recorded with this being the only one on a full cover to our knowledge (CLB, JLK). Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mary E. Douglas, Christiansburg, Montgomery County, Virginia. Very Clean Cover. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-03B) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The three states of the Goodson Straight Line cancel was published (Bush) in the Confederate Philatelist Jan-Feb 1994 issue. This cover is also illustrated on Page 340 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. CSA Certificate 1993. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE9

Goodson Straight Line Third State -- CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin with edge tear at upper right in the margin only) tied to full cover by the Goodson (Virginia) Straight Line cancel (SL-03C) without the month (third state). The address is in faded light pencil and the lower left corner of the cover has been repaired. Excellent strike of the cancel. This state is the one most often seen as it was used from Nov 1863 into 1864 with more than 30 known examples. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-03C) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The three states of the Goodson Straight Line cancel was published (Bush) in the Confederate Philatelist Jan-Feb 1994 issue. SOLD
$500.00
BE10

Goodson Straight Line Third State -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with filled in frame at right and just a little gum toning at the lower right corner) on full cover with the Goodson (Virginia) Straight Line cancel (SL-03C) without the month (third state). Addressed to Miss Margaret J. Foglesong, Sharon Bland County, Va. The likely sender is Pvt Crockett Foglesong (1842-1883), the addressee’s cousin, of Co B 29th Va Inf. In late 1863 and early 1864, the unit was assigned to the Department of Southwest Virginia and East Tennessee and was therefore in the Goodson area at the time the Straight Line mark was in use. Pvt Fogelsong was caprured as a POW at Dinwiddie CH, Va 4/1/1865 and confined at Harts Island in New York Harbor until released 6/21/1865. Cover is clean with a little minor light foxing. This state is the one most often seen as it was used from Nov 1863 into 1864 with more than 30 known examples. However, this cover is one of only three recorded on the 5c Blue Richmond Print stamps. The three states of the Goodson Straight Line cancel was published (Bush) in the Confederate Philatelist Jan-Feb 1994 issue. This cover is also illustrated on Page 340 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. $1,000.00
BE11

Hatchechubbee Straight Line Early State -- CSA #7 Horz Pair on full cover canceled by the Hatchechubbee ALA (Alabama) Early State Straight Line cancel (SL-06A) Aug 10 (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Robert L. Hardaway, Columbus, Ga. Backflap opening tears, otherwise a Very Fine cover. The early state has the “ALA” abbreviation under the town name. This cover is currently one of only four recorded examples of this early state Hatchechubbee Straight Line cancel. The stamps with the straight line postmark were cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-06A) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE12

Hatchechubbee Straight Line Early State  -- CSA #7 Horz Pair  (irregular margins with a repair to the upper right corner) tied to full cover by the Hatchechubbee ALA (Alabama) Early State Straight Line cancel (SL-06A) Nov 4 (1863). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. George Thompson, Glennville, Ala. The cover is complete with some minor edge wear. The early state has the “ALA” abbreviation under the town name. This cover is currently one of only four recorded examples of this early state Hatchechubbee Straight Line cancel. This cover is illustrated on Page 346 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. CSA Certificate 1993. The certificate notes the stamp repair that was done some time in the past and also mentions an enclosure which apparently is no longer present with the cover. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE13

Hatchechubbee Straight Line Late State -- CSA #1 Horz Pair Stone 1 Positions 29-30 ( irregular margins with faults) with the Hatchechubbee (Alabama) Straight Line Late State cancel without “ALA” under the town name (SL-06B). The cover is not dated. The missing “ALA” most likely due to a breaking of the woodblock device. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs.M. McGeachy, St Pauls NC. Cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything and is otherwise very clean. This cover is currently the only recorded example of the Late State Hatchechubbe Straight Line without the “ALA.” The stamps with the straight line postmark were cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-06B) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog. This cover was the subject of an article (Bush) in the Confederate Philatelist May-Jun 1994 issue. Dietz Letter of Authentication from 1948 included. SOLD
$2,000.00
BE14

Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #2 Paterson (tight margins and faults) off-cover with the Large  Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line cancel. The stamp has not been removed from the exhibit mount and is affixed to a card with the straight line cancel partially reconstructed for exhibit purposes. One of only two recorded examples of the Jackson Straight Line on a 10c Blue Lithograph. This stamp is illustrated on Page 341 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. $650.00
BE15

Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line Late State -- CSA #10 Frame Line (4-Margin with full lines at top and right and part line at left) off-cover with the Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line Late State cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and is hinged to a card with the straight line cancel partially reconstructed for exhibit purposes. This stamp was used as the listing illustration (SL-07B) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog for the late state of the cancel with the ball missing from the “J.” One of only six recorded examples of the Jackson Straight Line on a Frame line stamp. PF Certificate 2002. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE16

Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #10 Frame Line (margins close at bottom and right with part lines at top and left and a very prominent horz pre-printing paper fold) tied to full cover by the Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line cancel. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs W. J. Martin, South Carolina Anderson District, Pendleton PO. Minor wrnkling, otherwise Very Fine. Signed “Dietz” on the reverse. $4,000.00
BE17

Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line Early State -- CSA #12a (AD) (4-Margin Milky Blue) tied to full cover by the Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line Early State cancel. Addressed to Mrs. M. V. Anderson Care of Capt England, Marion, Ala. Very Fine Cover Ex-Howard Green. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-06A) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog for the early state of the cancel with the ball on the “J.” This cover is illustrated on Page 341 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE18

Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line Late State -- CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin tight on the right with a little scuffing to the upper right corner) tied by two strikes of the Large Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line  Late State cancel (ball missing from the “J”). Addressed to Mr E. D. Gornto, Madison CH, Fla. The most likely sender was Pvt James D. Gornto of Co C 4th Fla Inf who was the addressee’s son. Pvt Gornto was wounded and captured as a POW at Missionery Ridge, Ten 11/25/1863 and was hospitalized in Nashville. No further record. The right edge of the cover behind the stamps has been repaired from the back to a Very Fine appearance. This cover is illustrated on Page 342 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$900.00
BE19

Small Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #7 Horz Strip of 4 (margins touch in several places at top and bottom) with two clear strikes of the Small Jackson Miss Straight Line cancel. The small Jackson Straight Line is far scarcer than the large Jackson with only five examples recorded with this being the only example showing a 20c double rate with the 5c Blue Richmond Print stamps. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. S. Richardson Jr, Sumter, So. Ca. Edge tear at the right lower corner, part of side flap missing, and minor repairs on the back only. The cover has an overall very clean appearance. The stamps with the straight line postmark were cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-07C) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog. This cover is illustrated on Page 342 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE20

Small Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied to full cover by the Small Jackson Miss Straight Line cancel. This is an intermediate strike of the cancel as the letters are still legible. Docketting dates the cover to May 27th 1863. Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. H. N. Brown Care L. L. Fraser Sr, Mechanicsville Sumter District, So. Ca. Very Fine. One of the five recorded examples of the small Jackson Straight Line cancel. Signed “Dietz” on the back. CSA Certificate 1992. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE21

Small Jackson (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) on full cover with the Small Jackson Miss Straight Line cancel. This is a later strike of the cancel as the letters are blurred and difficult to distinguish. Addressed to Rev T. R. Markham, Chap;lain Withers Artillery Regiment, Vicksburg, Miss. This is a Turned Cover with the inside use a pre-war Yazoo City Mi(ss) rated “5” from the early 1840’s addressed to Miss Martha W. Markham, Vicksburg, Miss. One of the five recorded examples of the small Jackson Straight Line cancel and the only one on a turned cover. Rev. Markham was the pastor of the Lafayette Presyterian Church in New Orleans but was originally from Vicksburg. Rev. Markham served as a Chaplain in the Confederate Army 1862-1864. Withers Regiment was the 1st Miss Light Artillery commanded by Col William T. Withers. The regiment was surrendered and paroled at Vicksburg and later exchanged. The Markham letters and papers are in the historical collection of the Louisiana State University Library. Very Fine Turned Cover with the scarce small Jackson Straight Line. SOLD
$1,800.00

BE22

Milledgeville (Georgia) Straight Line -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with small left sheet margin) tied to full cover by the Milledegeville GA FEB 3(ms) PAID Straight Line cancel. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss P. F. Sawyer Care of Col D. C. Barrow, Athens, Georgia. David C. Barrow Sr was a very wealthy Georgia planter and a trustee of the University of Georgia. His son, David C. Barrow Jr, would become chancellor of the university in 1906. The cover has a very legitimate period address. This is an iconic cover that has been known for decades. On the back of the cover is a note by VanDyk MacBride written in the 1930’s in which he clearly believes the cover to be genuine. August Dietz noted the cover in his June 1948 Confederate Bulletin and added it to his catalog in 1959. The cover remained listed in the 1986 New Dietz Catalog. Both these luminaries of CSA Philately (Dietz and MacBride) considered the cover to be genuine and the only example known. It is still the only example known. The reason for this explanation is that this straight line cancel receives no mention in the current new CSA Catalog as it has been delisted by the general editors. This from Conrad L. Bush -- As the associate editor for the straightline cancel section of the new CSA Catalog, I was disappointed to note that the editors, without the courtesy of informing me, added, changed, and deleted material from my original manuscript. These are the facts as I see them after over fifty years of study on this subject. The Milledgeville, Georgia Straight Line was deleted  as one of the editors has said that he does not believe this to be a genuine straight line cancel but offers no proof. I vied with a renowned collector of Georgia CSA Postal History at an auction to acquire this cover as both he and I believe it to be genuine. I am open to see proof that it is not (CLB). The fact that the cover has been delisted as a probable fake by the editors of the new catalog without any proof and with no explanation is unfortunate. We (CLB and JLK) as well as the great collectors of the recent past all believe it to be genuine in the absence of any proof to the contrary. While it is true that its absolute genuineness cannot be verified, neither can a fake status be absolutely verified. This question may not be resolved unless another example were to come to light. Since it has been removed from the catalog, a certificate cannot be obtained. The cover is offered “as is” with no guarantee. The cropped stamps and cancel are illustrated on Page 344 of the Collectors Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. If anyone is seriously interested in purchasing this iconic cover, he (or she) may contact either CLB or JLK directly. SOLD
BE23

Montpelier, Va Straight Line -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) off-cover with two strikes of the Montpelier, Va Straight Line cancel (SL-10). The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. The stamp is hinged on a card and the cancels partially reconstructed. One of only two currently known examples both of which are on off-cover stamps. A complete strike of Montpelier Straight Line was found on a cover but not canceling a stamp and was utilized in reconstructing the complete cancel. Very Fine. SOLD
$850.00
BE24

Montpelier, Va Straight Line -- CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) off-cover with one strike of the Montpelier, Va Straight Line cancel (SL-10). The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. The stamp is hinged on a card and the cancel partially reconstructed. One of only two currently known examples both of which are on off-cover stamps. A complete strike of Montpelier Straight Line was found on a cover but not canceling a stamp and was utilized in reconstructing the complete cancel. Very Fine. This stamp was used as the listing illustration on Page 377 of the new catalog. The stamp is also illustrated on Page 344 of the Collectors Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$750.00
BE25

Raven’s Nest, Va Straight Line -- CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) off-cover with the two-line Raven’s Nest, Va May 8th, 1864 Straight Line cancel (SL-11) entirely on the stamp. One of only two recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel made from printer’s type. Both examples are on off-cover stamps with no known full covers. At one time, there was a third example which has not been seen in many years and whose current existence cannot be verified. At one time this was thought to possibly be a precancel, but the second example ties the stamp to a small piece which refutes that theory. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and appears Very Fine. Ex-Birkinbine. This stamp is illustrated on Page 344 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$750.00
BE26

Raven’s Nest, Va Straight Line -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied to small borwn paper piece by the two-line Raven’s Nest, Va May 8th, 1864 Straight Line cancel (SL-11). One of only two recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel made from printer’s type. Both examples are on off-cover stamps with no known full covers. At one time, there was a third example which has not been seen in many years and whose current existence cannot be verified. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and appears Very Fine. Ex-Birkinbine. This stamp appears as the listing illustration (SL-11) in the new CSA Catalog on Page 377. This stamp is also illustrated on Page 344 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$850.00
BE27

Tupelo, Mis(s) (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied to full cover by Tupelo Mis(s) Straight Line cancel (not dated) (SL-14). The original woodblock handstamp most likely had a double “s” but one was broken off in use. One of only three recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to W. S. Chapman, Co I 12 Tenn Regt Care of Capt Drake Calhoun, Ga. Top backflap missing with a minor reduction on the left but still a very clean and very fine appearing cover. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-14) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog. This cover is also illustrated on Page 346 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. At the request of a collector, the cover was submitted for a current PF Certificate. The certificate states “It is a genuine usage, the cover restored along the bottom.” The bottom edge restoration and lower right corner restoration is minor and I missed it in my original description, but it does not detract from the extreme scarcity of this straight line postmark nor does it detract from the cover’s exhibitabilty. SOLD
$1,800.00
BE28

Tupelo, Mis(s) (Mississippi) Straight Line -- CSA #11 (AD) (almost 4-Margin but just touches at right center) tied to full cover by the Tupelo, Mis(s) Straight Line cancel (not dated) (SL-14). The postmark is partially struck off the cover so cannot tell if this strike has only one “s” or the double “s.” One of only three recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel. Addressed to Alexander Neel Esq, Steel Creek Mecklenburg Co., North Ca. Cover is complete with a little light foxing. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE29

Tyner (Tennessee) 9 GEO Straight Line -- CSA #5 (4-Margin faults) tied to full cover by Tyner (Tennessee) 9 GEO Straight Line cancel (not dated) (SL-15). Addressed to Miss Kitty Shields Care of Mr. Jas McAffrey, Knoxville, Tenn. This cancel has always been somewhat of a puzzle until Gen Bush determined that the 9 GEO in the cancel was not a date but refers to Tyner being a station on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad located 9 miles from Chattanooga and the Georgia border. Gen Bush published his findings in the Confederate Philatelist Nov-Dec 1991 issue. A copy of the railway time table is enclosed which clearly shows this to be the case. The listing in the new CSA Catalog erroneously states that the mark is a date. Why that was changed in the catalog is unknown as that was not what Gen Bush as section editor originally submitted. One of only two currently recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel and by far the finer of the two. Cover shows a little edge wear but is complete and clean. Ex-Boshwit, PF Certificate 1962. The stamp with the straight line postmark was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (SL-15) on Page 377 of the new CSA Catalog. This cover is also illustrated on Page 346 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE30

Tyner (Tennessee) 9 GEO Straight Line -- CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied to full cover by Tyner (Tennessee) 9 GEO Straight Line cancel (not dated) (SL-15). The stamp is also tied by a pen cancel. Addressed to Miss Olivia A. Espy, Centre, Ala. Olivia Adaliza Espry married her cousin Joseph Samuel Espy, the likely sender of the cover, in 1865. Joseph S. Esp(e)y enlisted 9/10/1862 in Smith’s Ga Legion and transferred to Co D 65th Ga Inf 3/15/1863. This Tyner cancel has always been somewhat of a puzzle until Gen Bush determined that the 9 GEO in the cancel was not a date but refers to Tyner being a station on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad located 9 miles from Chattanooga and the Georgia border. Gen Bush published his findings in the Confederate Philatelist Nov-Dec 1991 issue. A copy of the railway time table is enclosed which clearly shows this to be the case. The listing in the new CSA Catalog erroneously states that the mark is a date. Why that was changed in the catalog is unknown as that was not what  Gen Bush as section editor originally submitted. One of only two currently recorded examples of this scarce straight line cancel. Clean appearing cover with a right edge repair, a missing side flap, and just a little light foxing. Ex-Gallagher. SOLD
$2,500.00


FRAME 2
Fancy Cancels

No matter how the term "Fancy Cancel" is defined, there will always be controversy over what actually constitutes a fancy cancel. Opinions are many and varied. Cancels that are generally accepted as "fancy" are the result of the ingenuity of the local postmaster constructing his own separate handstamp device (usually a woodcut) which is distinct from the primary postmark and used solely to cancel the stamps. Such  fancy cancel handstamps used by the local postmasters are seen much more frequently on Federal mail and are not at all common on Confederate stamps. The vast majority of the Confederate postmasters simply used the postmark itself to cancel the stamps. Which cancellations to included as "fancy" is entirely a subjective choice. I fully acknowledge that there are cancellations that could perhaps be included. These were chosen as the most distinctive and most prominent ones which best fit into the category. A few of these cancels are seen fairly frequently with perhaps more than twenty examples known, but most are scarce and only exist as one to four known examples. Of the 19 cancels submitted for inclusion in the fancy cancel section of the new Confederate catalog, 18 are to be found in this frame (CLB). The new Confederate catalog section of fancy cancels has been renamed "Atypical Cancels" by the catalog editors and includes 17 listings (JLK).
BE31

Fancy Cancel: Criss-Cross -- CSA #12 (AD) (margin touches at the bottom) on full cover with a Criss-Cross pattern handstamp cancel (called Cross Hatch cancel in the new CSA Catalog) AC-14. At upper left is the Salem NC CDS 23 JUN. Addressed to Mrs R. L. Patterson, Patterson Caldwell Cty NC. Very Fine cover. This is currently the only recorded example of this listed fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-14) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The stamp is also illustrated as the Salem NC Cross Hatch on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE32

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 9 (4-Margin) with the Tuscaloosa Star (AC15A) Fancy Cancel and a partial strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS to the left 11 JUN (1862). Overall University of Alabama College Cover (AL-07b without Tuscaloosa) addressed to Doct S. P. Smith, Prattville, Ala. Even though this is the most commonly seen of the fancy cancels and is found on a variety of different types of covers (mostly with the CSA #4 stamp) there are still likely no more than twenty or so covers known.  Part of backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. $1,800.00
BE33

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 13 (4-Margin) with the Tuscaloosa Star (AC-15A) Fancy Cancel and a partial strike of the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS to the left. “Tuscaloosa Insurance Company” boxed advertising corner card at the upper left. Addressed to Benjamin Trimble Esqr, Wetumpka, Alabama. Sealed backflap opening tears. Very clean cover. The stamp was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration for the Tuscaloosa Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A) on Page 376 of the new CSA catalog. The cover is also illustrated as the on Page 353 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,200.00
BE34

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #11c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish Blue) tied by the Meridian, Miss “dateless” CDS and also tied by the Tuskaloosa Star Fancy Cancel used as a receiving mark. Addressed to Capt Eugene A. Smith, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala. No more than five covers recorded with the Tuscaloosa Star Fancy Cancel used as a receiving mark. Captain Eugene Allen Smith was detailed from the 33rd Ala Inf as the Captain of the University of Alabama Corps of Cadets from 1862 until the end of the war. After the war, he returned to the University as Professor of Geology and Mineralogy and became the Alabama State Geologist in 1873. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$800.00
BE35

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #2 H&L off-cover (4-Margin) with an excellent strike of the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A). Believed to be one of only two examples known of the 10c Blue Lithograph stamp with the Tuscaloosa Star fancy cancel. Small edge thin. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and appears Very Fine. SOLD
$450.00
BE36

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #5 off-cover (faults and repairs) with an excellent strike of the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A). Currently the only recorded 10c Rose Lithograph stamp with the Tuscaloosa Star fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. Even with the faults and repairs, still has a very acceptable and exhibitable appearance. $500.00
BE37

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Star -- CSA #13b off-cover (4-Margin Dark Green) with the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15A). Currently the only recorded 20c Green stamp with the Tuscaloosa Star fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount but appears Very Fine.   SOLD
$650.00
BE38

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa Target-Star -- CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Mobile, Ala DCDS without a date. Also tied by the Tuscaloosa (Ala) Target-Star Fancy Cancel (AC-15B) used as a receiving mark. Addressed to Capt E. A. Smith, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala. This cancel was overlooked for many years and described simply as a Tuscaloosa Star cancel. However, it is distinctly different from the more commonly seen star and now has its own catalog listing. This cover is currently the only recorded example of the Tuscaloosa Target-Star. Captain Eugene Allen Smith was detailed from the 33rd Ala Inf as the Captain of the University of Alabama Corps of Cadets from 1862 until the end of the war. After the war, he returned to the University as Professor of Geology and Mineralogy and became the Alabama State Geologist in 1873. Note on the reverse signed by VanDyk MacBride. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-15B) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The stamp is also illustrated on Page 354 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Sealed edge tear right lower corner,otherwise a Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE39

Fancy Cancel: Caseyville (Mississippi) Negative 4-Pointed Star -- CSA #5 (4-Margin with a little gum toning and pre-affixing faults which do not detract) with an excellent strike of the Negative 4-Pointed Star (AC-04) fancy cancel and the Caseyville, Miss CDS at the left with a SEP 1862 date. “Politeness of A. L. Fairly” at bottom left. Addressed to Miss M. Sophia McLaurin. Cover was handcarried apparently to Hamburg, Miss and then entered the mails at Caseyville, Miss and sent on to Madison Station, Miss. One of only three recorded examples of this fancy cancel. Cover with sealed edge tear top left and another sealed edge tear at right center. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-04) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 351 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE40

Fancy Cancel: Caseyville (Mississippi) Negative 4-Pointed Star -- CSA #6 Vert Pair (margin tight at top left) with two strikes of the Caseyville, Miss Negative 4-Pointed Star Fancy Cancel (AC-04). One of only three recorded examples of this fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and appears very clean. SOLD
$750.00
BE41

Fancy Cancel: Fancy Cancel: Ridgeway (NC) Circle of Wedges -- CSA #1 Stone 1 two singles (not plated) (4-Margin with the left stamp showing minor preaffixing creases) with two strikes of the Circle of Wedges Fancy Cancel (AC-12) with the small single rim Ridgeway NC CDS at the far left 9 DEC (1861). Cover is from the Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence. Printed fancy advertising boxed corner card showing a train at the upper left for the “Raleigh & Easton R.R. Co., Raleigh, N.C.” The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-04) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamps are also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. At the request of a collector, the cover was submitted for a current PF certificate. The certificate states “It is a genuine usage, the right stamp with a covered defect at bottom right, the cover with lower right quadrant cleaned, and a small area repaired at right.” I think at the lower right corner of the right stamp they are probably talking about what looks like an ink smear covering a possible defect in the stamp. If there are any repairs at the right, they are extremely well done as I just do not see them.  The cover still has a Very Fine overall appearance with an extremely scarce usage and has been in two majorexhibits (Tate and Bush). SOLD
$3,250.00
BE42

Fancy Cancel: Abingdon (Virginia) Flower -- CSA #6 Vert Pair affixed sideways (margin just in at top right) with two strikes of the Abingdon, Va “Flower” Fancy Cancel (AC-01) and the Abingdon, Va CDS to the left 21 AUG. Light coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. D. M. Key, London, Tenn. The cover is illustrated on Page 353 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$800.00
BE43

Fancy Cancel: Patterson (NC) “Paid 10 in a Circle” -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) with the fancy woodcut “PAID 10 in Circle” (AC-11) plus light pen-cancels with the Patterson NC CDS to the left 13 MAR. This fancy woodcut PAID 10 mark has not been noted on a stampless cover. This cancel is rarely if ever found fully struck. Addressed to Master Saml L. Patterson, Oaks Post Office, Orange County NC. The “Master” in the address indicates that the addressee was a minor child. The cover is illustrated on Page 354 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover. VanDyk MacBride notation on the reverse. SOLD
$750.00
BE44

Fancy Cancel: Patterson (NC) “Paid 10 in a Circle” -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left) tied by the fancy woodcut “PAID 10 in Circle” (AC-11) cancel with the Patterson NC CDS to the left 30 NOV. Addressed to Miss Mary E. Fries, Salem NC. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-11) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$750.00
BE45

Fancy Cancel: Mount Crawford (Virginia) Crossroads -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 34 (irregular margins) with the Mount Crawford Crossroads (AC-09) Fancy Cancel with the Mount Crawford, Va CDS to the left 8 MAR (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to William F. Hooke Esq Care Capt H. Wise, Winchester, Virginia. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-09) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cover is also illustrated on Page 354 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. One of five recorded examples of this fancy cancel. Cover with minor light foxing, a small reduction at the left not affecting anything, and a little edge wear at the lower right corner. SOLD
$750.00
BE46

Fancy Cancel: Mount Crawford (Virginia) Crossroads -- CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (margin close at right and pre-affixing faults) tied by the Mount Crawford Crossroads (AC-09) Fancy Cancel with the Mount Crawford, Va CDS to the left 20 DEC (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss Callie Morrison, Leatherwodd PO, Henry County, Virginia. One of five recorded examples of this fancy cancel. Top backflap missing. Very clean cover. Ex- Robert Wiseman. $800.00
BE47

Fancy Cancel: Faison’s Depot (NC) Double Circle of Wedges -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) affixed on the reverse to seal the backflap and tied by the the Faison’s Depot NC Double Circle of Wedges (AC-05) Fancy Cancel. No postmark on the cover, but the town of origin was identified some years ago by Bill Bogg from an enclosed letter which is no longer with the cover. Addressed on the face of the cover to Miss Nancy F. Holley, Jerusalem PO, Davis County, N. Carolina. The stamp and fancy cancel were not damaged in opening the envelope, but the backflap has been cut so that the stamp and cancel can be folded out for exhibit purposes. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-05) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover shows a little edge wear but is very clean. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE48

Fancy Cancel: Faison’s Depot (NC) Double Circle of Wedges -- CSA #6 Horz Strip of 3 (4-Margin) off-cover with two partial strikes of the Faison’s Depot NC Double Circle of Wedges Fancy Cancel. Large printing flaw left stamp. Very Fine. SOLD
$750.00
BE49

Fancy Cancel: New Iberia (Louisiana) Box of Squares -- CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 4 (4-Margin with top sheet margin) with the New Iberia, La Box of Squares (AC-10) Fancy Cancel with the small single rim New Iberia, La CDS to the left 25 FEB (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. James Sample, Tupelo, Itawamba County, Mississippi. Endorsed at left “Robert A. Sullivan Company F 4th Texas Regt.” The 4th Tex Inf was part of Hood’s Brigade Army of Northern Virginia. Pvt Robert A. Sullivan of Co F is listed as Killed-in-Action at Gaines Mills (Va) 6/27/1862. Since he posted this letter in Louisiana in Feb 1862, he was most likely on his way to join his unit since the regiment was already in Virginia at that time. This is currently the only recorded example of this fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-10) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Skinner. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE50

Fancy Cancel: Greensborough (GA) Array of Small Rectangles -- CSA #5 Position 21 (4-Margin with a left sheet margin and good color with a little gum toning and wrinkling at the upper left corner) with the Greensborough, Ga Array of Small Rectangles (AC-06) Fancy Cancel with the Greensborough Ga CDS to the left 10 AUG (1862). Addressed to J. Lowry, Atlanta, Geo. One of four recorded examples of this fancy cancel and believed to be the only one on a 10c Rose Lithograph. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-06) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Complete and clean cover with old mounting marks on the back. VanDyk MacBride notation on the reverse. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE51

Fancy Cancel: Canton (Mississippi) Circle of Diamonds -- CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 9 (clipped lower right corner) tied by the Canton, Miss Circle of Diamonds (AC-03) Fancy Cancel wth the Canton, Miss CDS to the left 6 MAR 1862. Orange paper cover from the Carroll Hoy and Co New Orleans Correspondence. One of two recorded examples of this fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-03) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 351 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover.      SOLD
$1,000.00
BE52

Fancy Cancel” Lyons (Texas) Boxed Target -- CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the Lyons, Tex Boxed Target (AC-08) Fancy Cancel with the Lyons, Tex CDS to the left. Addressed to Mrs. E. T. Briggs, Columbus, Texas. This is currently the only recorded example of this fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-08) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The cover has a little light water staining at top center not affecting any of the marks. There are also edge repairs to quite a clean overall appearance. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE53

Fancy Cancel: Crossroads -- CSA #7 two singles (almost 4-Margin with some toning) with two strikes of a Crossroads Fancy Cancel. The stamps are tied together but not tied to the cover. Addressed to Miss Sallie M. Person, Louisburg, N. Carolina. No postmark and no enclosure, so origin of the cover is not known. Cancel is different from the Mount Crawford Crossroads and is not a catalog listed fancy cancel. Edge repair at bottom center. Cover sold as is. SOLD
$100.00
BE54

Fancy Cancel: Grid -- CSA #2 H&L off-cover USED (4-Margin) and canceled with a neat Grid of Rectangles which cannot be identified as to town of origin. This cancel is not catalog listed as a fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount but appears Very Fine. $300.00
BE55

Fancy Cancel: Grid -- CSA #2 H&L off-cover USED (4-Margin but a clipped and repaired left lower corner) and canceled with a Grid of Rectangles which cannot be identified as to town of origin. This cancel is not catalog listed as a fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and has a very fine appearance with the repaired clipped corner. $150.00
BE56

Fancy Cancel: Crossroads -- CSA #5 off-cover USED (margin in at the left and the stamp partially rebacked for exhibit purposes) and canceled with a Crossroads cancel which could be the Mount Crawford, Va “Crossroads” (AC09). With the stamp being off-cover, the actual town of origin of the crossroads cannot be identified with certainty. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. SOLD
$350.00
BE57

Fancy Cancel: Cross -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 13 off-cover USED (4-Margin but close on the right) with a handstamp woodcut cancel which appears as a type of  “Cross.” This cancel is not known on a cover and currently is unidentified as to town of origin. This cancel is not catalog listed as a fancy cancel. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. SOLD
$250.00
BE58

Fancy Cancel: Rodney (Mississippi) Circle of Squares -- CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin in at bottom) tied by the Rodney, Miss Circle of Squares (AC-13) Fancy Cancel with the Rodney, Miss CDS to the left 6 MAR (1863). Addressed to Mrs. C. B. Blackburn Care Dr G. Calhoun, Natchez, Miss. Military endorsement at upper left corner “E. M. Blackburn Breckenridge Guard.” Capt Edward M. Blackburn (1829-1868) of Natchez, Miss served in Co G 12th Miss Inf but resigned the service about a month after posting this cover. “Breckenridge Guard” was a local name for the unit. This is currently the only recorded example of this fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-13) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very clean cover. The endorsement and the address are a bit faded but still legible. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE59

Fancy Cancel: Tuscaloosa (Alabama) Cross -- CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 46 (4-Margin but close on the left) with the Tuscaloosa, Ala Cross (AC-15C) Fancy Cancel with the Tuscaloosa, Ala CDS to the left 1 JAN (1862) (New Years Day Cover). Military Address to Private John Snow Care Capt C. L. Lumsden Commanding Company F Light Artillery Battalion, Mobile, Alabama. The unit in the address was Lumsden’s Battery of the 2nd Ala Light Artillery. Believed to be the only example of this fancy cancel known on cover. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-15C) on Page 376 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 352 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Part of backflap missing bit still a Very Fine cover. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE60

Fancy Cancel” Camden (Mississippi) Cross -- CSA #12 (AD) (margin touches at bottom) with the Camden, Miss Cross (AC-02) Fancy Cancel with the Camden, Miss CDS to the left 8 NOV. Addressed to Mecklenburg County, Virginia, Boydton PO. This is also a turned cover with the inside use (stamp missing) from Columbus, Ga to Camden, Mississippi. This is currently the only recorded example of this fancy cancel. The stamp with the cancel was cropped from this cover and used as the listing illustration (AC-02) on Page 375 of the new CSA Catalog. The cropped stamp is also illustrated on Page 351 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Clean cover with a little water staining at the right upper corner and a small reduction at the left not affecting anything. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE61

Seguin (Texas) Stars in the Postmark -- CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Seguin, Texas (name of state spelled out completely) CDS with stars within the postmark. Not listed in the catalog as a fancy cancel as the postmark can also be found on stampless covers. Addressed to Mr. Alex M. Erskine, Texas. Not a commonly seen postmark. There are only three towns known with “Stars in the Postmark” -- Savannah (Ga), Seguin (Texas), and Miccosukee (Fla) which is also a double rim postmark. Minor edge wear at the upper right corner. SOLD
$500.00
BE62

Savannah (Georgia) Stars in the Postmark -- CSA #6 Horz Pair (margin close to touching at the top) tied by an excellent full strike of the Savannah, Geo “Stars” CDS 5 JUL (1862). Not listed in the catalog as a fancy cancel as the postmark can also be found on stampless covers. Folded Letter Complete (short personal letter) from the Manigault Correspondence addressed to Mr. Charles Manigault Care Messers Middleton & Co., Charleston, S. Carolina. There are only three towns known with “Stars in the Postmark” -- Savannah (Ga), Seguin (Texas), and Miccosukee (Fla) which is also a double rim postmark. The Savannah “Stars” is the one usually seen, but this cover has an exceptionally fine strike of the postmark. This cover is illustrated on Page 359 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition.  Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$500.00


FRAME 3
Uncommon Circle Date Stamps

Although Circle Date Stamps (CDS) are the most common cancellations found on Confederate General Issue Stamps, there are a few that do not conform to the usual size circle or do not use common printers' type sizes.
BE63

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margins touch top and right with edge gum toning) tied by the small single rim Gordonsville, Va CDS 12 MAY (1862). Single rate under 500 miles. Very small but complete cover addressed to Mrs. S. H. Steed, Henderson NC Care of Dr. T. G. Ward. Part of backflap missing and old mounting hinge marks on the back which do not detract from an otherwise Very Fine overall appearance. $225.00
BE64

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a left sheet margin) tied by a somewhat weak strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Col A. P. Calhoun, Fort Hill SC. The cover was missent to Fort Mill SC where a small Fort Mill SC woodcut single rim cancel without a date (appears to be in brown ink) was applied which also ties the stamp, and then the cover was sent on its way to Fort Hill. Very scarce mark locally made in Fort Mill. The addressee was the son of John C. Calhoun, and the title of “Col” was honorary. Sealed backflap opening tear, otherwise Very Fine. SOLD
$350.00
BE65

Turned Cover -- 1st Used (inside) CSA #11 (AD) (faulty stamp with a repair to the entire right side of the stamp) Charleston SC to Spartanburg SC (1864). 2nd Use (outside) CSA #11 (AD) (margin close at left but with a right sheet margin tied by the small single rim Spartanburg SC CDS 27 DEC (1864) addressed to Miss Louisa J. Gibbs, Anderson Co. Ho., So. Carolina. Lower right corner flapped over to display both stamps for exhibitpurposes. Very Fine appearing cover with a repaired stamp. $250.00
BE66

CSA #11a (AD) (4-Margin Milky Blue) tied by the small single rim Saltville, Va CDS in black (date not fully apparent). Addressed to Lebon (Lebanon) PO Russel(l) County, Virginia. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused army form with the upper left corner flapped down for display. Very Fine. Signed by Brian Green. $300.00
Sale Pending
BE67

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin touches at the bottom of the left stamp and with a filled-in frame at the left and a very unusual dark blue color) with a fancy Grid cancel. To the left is the large Marble Works, Ga balloon cancel with the name of the county within the postmark “Pickens Co(unty)” 3 JUN (1863). One of only three towns known with the county name in the postmark -- the other two are Mossy Creek Augusta Co., Va and Wheelock Robertson (County), Texas. One of only two recorded covers with this Marble Works, Ga County postmark. Addressed to Ira R. Foster, Quart G State of Georgia. The period docketing on the face of the cover in the hand of the addressee reads “Refer to Capt Hanks with direction to answer giving full instructions as in his judgment most proper. Ira R. Foster Quartermaster General.” August Dietz used the postmark from this cover as an illustration on Page 319 of his 1929 book. The postmark cropped from this cover is illustrated on Page 363 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover and an iconic cover of Confederate philately. Ex-Knapp with his notations on the reverse, Ex-Judd, Ex-Weatherly, Ex-Myerson before finding its way into the Bush Exhibit. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE68

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 44 (94) (4-Margin with large lower sheet margin) Pen-Cancel and the large balloon Mossy Creek Augusta Co(unty), Va CDS to the left 19 FEB (1862). Addressed to Mrs. S. Clayton, Deerfield Augusta Co., Va. One of only three towns known with the county name in the postmark -- the other two are Marble Works Pickens Co, Ga and Wheelock Robertson (County), Texas. One of only three recorded covers with this Mossy Creek, Va County postmark. The postmark cropped from this cover is illustrated on Page 363 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Morris Everett. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE69

CSA #7 Horz Pair (faults) tied by the Wheelock Robertson (County), Tex CDS 18 MAY (1863). Somewhat faded address to Ex-Governor William Smith, Congress of Va, Richmond City, Virginia. One of only three towns known with the county name in the postmark -- the other two are Marble Works Pickens Co, Ga and Mossy Creek Augusta Co., Va. Less than ten recorded covers with this Wheelock, Tex County postmark. The full cover is illustrated on Page 363 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Part of backflap missing. Ex-Hart. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE70

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #2 Paterson (very faulty stamp) with a partial strike of the small blue Raleigh NC DCDS to Hickory Tavern NC. 2nd Use (outside) CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin with a very dry printing) tied by the very crude locally made woodcut rimless and dateless Hickory Tavern NC postmark addressed to Mr. A. A. Hawn, Camp Holmes near Raleigh in care of Lieut McRae. Camp Holmes was a major Camp of Instruction for new recruits. This is a cover FRONT only which has been repaired and rebacked to a very clean appearance for exhibit purposes. The Hickory Tavern postmark is quite a scarce item with very few examples known. SOLD
$750.00
BE71

CSA #12a (AD) (margin close at bottom Milky Blue) tied by the woodblock rimless Palmetto, G(a) CDS 4 MAY. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. S. D. Kirk, Charleston SC. Minor reduction at the left, otherwise Very Fine. SOLD
$350.00
BE72

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the woodblock rimless P(leasant) Hill N(C) CDS in BROWN 17 July. Addressed to Dr. J. A. Berly, Pomaria Newberry Dis So. Ca. Note on the reverse by Brian Green states that the cover was sent by W. J. M. Berly Co F 5th SC Cav. Very clean cover with sealed edge tears top left and top center. Quite a scarce rimless postmark. $750.00
BE73

Turned Cover -- 1st Use (inside) CSA #11a (AD) (4-Margin Milky Blue) tied by the BLUE dateless Richmond, Va CDS Powell Type 6f (known only on soldiers mail for a few weeks in late May and very early June 1863) addressed to Mrs. Jno T. Wingfield, Washington Ga. 2nd use (outside) CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Washington, Ga CDS (partial rim which would later wear away into a rimless CDS) (date not fully apparent) with Military Address to Lieut John Wingfield, Irvin Artillery, Fredericksburg, Va. The stamps of the second use were affixed over the embossing of a USA 3c Red Star Die and have been lifted and hinged to the left to display the embossing. The cover has also been flapped up from the lower right corner to display both stamps for exhibit purposes. Manuscript “For Boy Robert” at lower left corner of the 2nd use is a slave reference most likely giving permission for the slave named Robert to carry the cover from the plantation to the post office. Lieut (later Capt) Wingfield entered service in 1861 in Co A 9th Ga Inf and subsequently had service in various Georgia artillery units beginning in late 1861. He is listed as wounded at Gettysburg 7/3/1863. At that time, he was a company commander in the Ga Sumter Light Artillery. Very Fine double adversity cover (turned plus adversity use of a Star Die envelope). SOLD
$750.00
BE74

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin with a right sheet margin Greenish-Blue) tied by a full strike of the Botetourt Springs, Va balloon CDS 2 FEB (1864). Addressed to Prof A. J. Leavenworth, Petersburg, Va. Rev. Abner Johnson Leavenworth (1803-1869) was a Presbyterian minister and president of Leavenworth Female College in Petersburg, Va. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$250.00
BE75

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the rimless and dateless Forest Depot, Va CDS. Addressed to E. T. Watson Esq, Charlottesville, Va. The cover was missent to Lynchburg, Va. On arrival in Lynchburg, the large MISSENT handstamp was applied as well as the Lynchburg, Va CDS dated 16 OCT with the Lynchburg marks all in BLUE before sending the cover on to Charlottesville. This cover is illustrated on Page 349 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The certificate states “It is a genuine usage, the cover restored along the top edge on the back.” At the request of a collector, the cover was submitted for a current PFcertificate. The restoration is so trivial that I missed seeing it on my initial description, and it does not detract from an overall Extremely Fineappearance. SOLD
$750.00
BE76

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but the margins are a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the rimless and dateless printers’ type Millecan, Tex CDS. Quite a scarce rimless postmark with only four recorded examples on cover. Wallpaper Cover with a fancy blue, white, and gray floral design. Wallpaper covers from Texas are also very scarce items in their own right. Addressed to Mrs. William Benson, Columbia, Brazoria Co., Tex. The stamp with the postmark was cropped from this cover and used as an illustration on Page 349 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover with a little corner and edge wear, but still a Very Fine overall appearance. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE77

CSA #12 (AD) (margin close at the top) tied by an excellent strike of the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS 6 MAR 1864. Addressed to Dr. G. Lincecum, Long Point, Washington Co., Texas. The cover is a folded letter but the first page of the letter is missing (torn away). The letter is signed R. B. Hannay. Gideon Lincecum (1795-1874) was a prominent physician, historian, explorer, and naturalist. His correspondence with R. B. Hanny is a known correspondence as Lincecum’s large number of letters have been published in book form. R. B. Hanny was an Englishman who was visiting his brother on the lower Brazos when the war started and was essentially stranded in the area and could not return to England. Lincecum and Hannay carried out a correspondence 1861-1868. This fragment of a letter contains some interesting comments from Hanny (described as a spiritualist, poet, and hater of slavery) such as “...a Jew merchant told me the only difference between the Yankees and the Confederates was the one were thieves and the other robbers...” and so on. The stamp with the postmark was cropped from this cover and used as an illustration on Page 349 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition.   Very Fine Appearance. SOLD
$650.00
BE78

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but tight at upper right with edge gum toning) tied by a full strike of the Guyton, Ga CDS 23 MAR (1862). This was the only Confederate post office to show the date on the rim of the cancel. Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Sasnett, Sparta, Ga. The addressee’s husband was Corp (later Sgt) William A. Sasnett who enlisted in Co E. 15th Ga Inf 7/15/1861. The unit was in Virginia at this time, so cover most likely not sent by her husband. Sgt Sasnett is listed as having Died of Disease 12/30/1864. This cover is illustrated on Page 361 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover with sealed back tears and a sealed tear at top center but still with a very clean appearance and an excellent strike of the “Date on the Rim” postmark. SOLD
$300.00
BE79

CSA #6 Horz Pair (little edge nick at right center) tied by a full strike of the large distinctive Welaka, Fla dateless double ring postmark dated Sept 22nd (1862) in manuscript with receiving date Oct 1st 1862. From the well known Bryant Correspondence addressed to Mr. Davis H. Bryant Care of Capt Robt Harrison, Hart’s Road Station Fla R. Road, E. Fla. Davis Hall Bryant (1839-1914) enlisted as a private in Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862. Robert H. Harrison (1842-1916) was commissioned Capt of Co K 2nd Fla Cav 5/16/1862 and was later promoted Major of the regiment 9/8/1862. The 2nd Fla Cav was assigned to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida throughout the war. This cover is illustrated on Page 362 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover with minor edge wear, small corner repairs, and a little ink erosion but still with a very clean overall appearance with an excellent strike of the postmark from the only post office to use this type of double ring cancel. SOLD
$1,250.00
BE80

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (4 Large Margins) tied by a full strike of the double rim Ashland, Va CDS 17 OCT 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to James H. Nash Esqr, Office Secty Senate CSA, Richmond, Va. The addressee was a Confederate Senator from South Carolina and served as the Secretary of the Senate in both the 1st and 2nd Confederate Congresses. Part of backflap missing and a minor edge repair at top left center. Very clean appearance, a very nice stamp, and a very good strike of a not commonly seen double rim postmark. PF Certificate 1991. SOLD
$750.00
BE81

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the double rim Lovingston, Va CDS 2 SEP (1862). Orange paper cover addressed to J. E. Crabill Esqr, Strasburg, Shenandoah Co., Va. Very nice stamp and a very good strike of a not commonly seen double rim postmark. Minor corner repair at lower right but still a Very Fine overall appearance. SOLD
$750.00
BE82

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but close at top and right) tied by a full strike of the double rim Rice’s Depot, Va CDS 12 DEC. Addressed to Miss Lavinia C. Michaux, Farmville, Cumberland Co., Va. Cumberland Co is lined through because Farmville is in Prince Edward County and not Cumberland County. Minor edge wear and reduced at the top. SOLD
$350.00
BE83

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin touches at bottom) tied by the Branchville SC balloon CDS 23 NOV (1862). Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Hon R. W. Johnson (Senator from Arks), Richmond, Va. Backflap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine. SOLD
$350.00
BE84

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin with a little edge gum toning) tied by the Corinth, Miss balloon CDS 7 MAY (1862). Mrs. S. H. Dent. Adversity Cover with the stamp affixed over the embossing of USA Postal Stationery with the red rim of the embossing visible along the left edge of the stamp. Addressed to Mrs. S. H. Dent, Eufaula, Alabama. The cover was sent by 1st Lieut (later Capt) Stouten H. Dent (1833-1917) of CS Robertson’s Light Artillery (a Confederate States unit formed with men from Alabama and Florida). Capt Dent is listed as wounded at Atlanta 7/22/1864 and wounded a second time at Nashville 12/16/1864. Cover has a top edge repair at top right not affecting the stamp or the postmark, a sealed diagonal tear at lower right, and a missing backflap. Still retains a very clean appearance. $300.00
BE85

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 33 (4-Margin Olive Green with a little gum toning) tied by the Corinth, Miss balloon CDS 22 MAY (1862). Adversity Cover made from unused printed bank checks and flapped up from the lower left for display purposes. Addressed to Miss Annie Strudurck, Macon, Marengo Co., Ala. Very Fine. $450.00
BE86

CSA #1b Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin Dark Green) tied by an excellent strike of the BROWN Stanardsville, Va balloon CDS 12 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mr. James O. Harris Care of Thomas Ballard, Ivy Depot, Albemarle Co., Va. Not a commonly seen brown postmark and brown postmarks are not cataloged on the 5c Green Lithograph stamp. Reduced about 8mm at left. Very clean cover with a nice stamp and a very nice scarce postmark. SOLD
$400.00
BE87

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the RED Blacks & Whites balloon CDS 1 SEP. Very small but complete orange paper cover addressed to Lieut R. W. Sydnor, Burk(s)ville, Va. Robert Walton Sydnor was Lieut (later Capt) of the Nottoway (County) Reserves, a local unit for which no unit history currently exists. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$500.00
BE88

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margin close at top) tied by a double strike of the handstamp PAID mark of Saltville, Va (Type A in the new catalog). To the left is the large single rim balloon Saltville, Va CDS as well as the small single rim Saltville, Va CDS 19 FEB. All the postal markings are in GREEN. Believed to be the only cover currently known with both Saltville postmarks on the same stamped cover with the PAID handstamp as well. Addressed to Hon W. W. Clark, Richmond, Va. The addressee was a Confederate Congressman from Georgia. Docketing at left presumed to be in the addressee’s handwriting “S. L. Jones Sec of War Sent to Sec of War” referring to the sender and that the contents were sent on to the Secretary of War. A little light foxing and an edge fault at top center which does not detract. Ex-Handy, Ex-Lazarus, Ex-Haas. SOLD
$750.00
BE89

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 31 (beautiful 4-Margin Dark Blue stamp) tied by the BLUE Graham NC Segmented Balloon CDS 5 MAY (1862). One of only three towns that used a segmented balloon cancel -- the other two are Jamestown NC and Corsicana, Tex. Addressed to Jno W. Kirkland Esq, Hillsboro NC. Very clean cover with a small reduction at the right. SOLD
$500.00
BE90

CSA #12 (AD) (irregular margins) tied by the Jamestown NC Segmented Balloon CDS 17 OCT. One of only three towns that used a segmented balloon cancel -- the other two are Graham NC and Corsicana, Tex. Addressed to Miss Mollie E. Beville, Fayetteville NC. Minor light foxing and a right lower corner repair. VanDyk MacBride notation on the reverse “scarce and odd.” SOLD
$400.00
BE91

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the large double ring Big Shanty, Ga CDS with negative letters March 2 (1862). Cover also has a handstamp PAID (type A in the new catalog). Only three towns are recorded as having used such a postmark with negative letters -- the other two are Union City, Ten and Elkin NC. This cover is currently the only recorded example of the Big Shanty negative letters cancel. Addressed to Mr. A. S. Reeves, Bowden, Ga. The stamp with the postmark was cropped from this cover and used as an illustration on Page 350 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Backflap missing but still a Very Fine Cover. Ex-Handy, Ex-Kohn, Ex-Ballard. CSA Certificate 1990. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE92

CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (4-Margin) tied by the large Elkin NC CDS with negative letters 7 JAN (1863). Only three towns are recorded as having used such a postmark with negative letters -- the other two are Big Shanty, Ga  and Union City, Ten. Addressed to Mrs. Sallie L. Lenoir, Fort Defiance NC. The stamp with the postmark was cropped from this cover and used as an illustration on Page 350 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine. Ex-Myerson. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE93

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) two singles tied to the cover by the double rim Kings Ferry, Fla CDS with a second strike of the same CDS to the left 28 JUL (1862). Adversity Cover with the right stamp affixed over the red embossing of USA Postal Stationery. The original right stamp was removed some time ago to display the embossing underneath. The current stamp on the right is a replacement which has been flapped down from the top right for exhibit purposes to display the embossing and to restore the cover to its original appearance. One of only four recorded covers with the Kings Ferry, Fla double rim postmark. Addressed to Miss Sue E. Groovinstine, Blunts Ferry, Fla, Care of Thos C. Higenbotham Esqr. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 347 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Clean Cover. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE94

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) with a large white transient printing flaw variety (1-1-v7 in the new catalog) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin) tied by a full strike of the double rim Corinth, Miss CDS 7 MAY (1862). At this time, Corinth, Miss used two different postmarks -- a large balloon seen elsewhere in this exhibit which is the much more common of the two and the much scarcer smaller double rim. Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover Type F11-5 in full color with Imprint 34 “T. Fitzwilliam, Stationer, 76 Camp St., N. O.” In the middle of the backflap is a small period label in red “A letter softens the pain of absence.” This cover was used as an illustration on Page 348 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Minor repair to the lower right corner, otherwise Very Fine. An exceptional cover. SOLD
$3,000.00
BE95

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue with a little edge gum toning) tied by a full strike of the BLUE Durham’s (Station) NC double rim CDS 28 MAY. Not a commonly seen double rim postmark. Blue paper cover addressed to Mrs. Addie A. Brooks, Red Oak Grove, Charlotte County, Virginia. Cover FRONT only. SOLD
$150.00
BE96

CSA #11a (AD) Horz Pair (4-Margin Milky Blue) tied by a large unframed 8 Bar Grid with no postmark. The grid is too large to be an army grid but is consistent with a large grid obliterator used at Canton, Miss illustrated on Pages 334 and 335 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The cover was sent by Lieut John J. Carter of the Minden Rangers which was a unit in Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest’s command. There are other covers in this correspondence with Mississippi postmarks which supports Canton, Miss as the town of origin of this cover. The handstamp “20 in a Circle” which also ties the stamps is an uncataloged mark from any town in the area or anywhere else. It could possibly be an unlisted handstamp from Canton indicating that the cover required an additional 20c, but that is difficult to prove without another cover with the same mark or the enclosure. The cover is undated and routed through Natchez, Miss. It has been speculated that since the cover travels Trans-Mississippi, that the handstamp represents the amount due for the Trans-Mississippi Express 40c rate. But the routing through Natchez is not consistent with that rate as Natchez was Union occupied from 13 JUL 1863 to the end of the war well before the 40c express rate went into effect. The cover is a real puzzle and requires much futher research. Cover shown for completeness of the exhibit but is not offered for sale. Not
For Sale
BE97

CSA #3 (4-Margin but close at the right) with a handstamp PAID cancel. Coarse brown paper wrapper type cover addressed to the Secretary of Lodge 215 in Glen Grove, Georgia. Since part of the address is printed, this would appear to be a wrapper from a recurrent circular or perhaps a newspaper but could also be a drop letter (circular) as it was common not to use a postmark with an item dropped at the local post office. This cover is used as an illustration on Page 355 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Appearance. Signed “Dietz” in very tiny letters at the bottom left center. SOLD
$2,250.00
BE98

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin affixed to seal the backflap and not damaged in opening) tied by the Branchville SC balloon CDS 3 DEC. Adveristy Cover made from an unused bank check illustrated with cotton scenes. Addressed to Mrs. A. F. Lewis, Pendleton SC. Small cover with part of backflap missing but still Very Fine. Ex-Everett.  $500.00


FRAME 4
Uncommon Cancels
Grids, Army Related Cancels, College Cancels, Miscellaeous Fancy Type Cancels
BE99

Turned Cover -- 1st Used (inside): CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin and a very dry printing) with a Grid Cancel and the matching Big Lick, Va CDS 12 MAR (1862) addressed to Colin Bass Esq, Richmond, Va. 2nd Use (outside): CSA #6 Horz Pair (margins close top and bottom) tied by Grid Cancels and the same matching Big Lick, Va CDS to the left 15 JUL (1862) addressed to Mrs B. M. Sydnor Care of M. B. Sydnor, Richmond (Va). The two uses flank the 1 JUL 1862 rate change. Most unusual to have both uses of a turned cover from the same town. Big Lick (now known as Roanoke) is not a commonly seen Virginia postmark. Upper left corner flapped down to display both stamps. Part of backflap replaced for display purposes. Small edge and tear repairs to a very presentable appearance of a scarce usage. At the request of a collector, the cover was submitted for a current PF certificate. The certificate states "It is a genuine usage, the cover with scuffing and sealed tears at lower right, and the backflap portion replaced at top left." 
SOLD
$500.00
BE100

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin qithAt the request of a collector, the cover was submitted for a current PF certificate. The certificate states "It is a genuine usage, the cover with scuffing and sealed tears at lower right, and the backflap portion relaced at top left."  light vertical pre-affixing crease which does not detract from the overall appearance) with a RED Grid Cancel and the matching RED Sparta, Ga CDS to the left 2 JAN (1862). Cover from the Alexander H. Stephens Correspondence addressed to the Vice-President in Richmond. As is usual for the correspondence, the  backflap is missing. Usual short summary on the reverse with an interesting historical reference “Hon Linton Stephens Sparta, Georgia 31st DEC 1861. About the capture of Messers Mason & Slidell. His opinion of the case, and of the article from the London Times sent him by Mr. A. H. Stephens.” Linton Stephens was the Vice-President’s half brother. Cover with a top edge repair to an overall very clean and very fine appearance. SOLD
$350.00
BE101

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 37 (4-Margin) with a Grid Cancel and the matching Lisbon, Va CDS 26 MAY 91862) with the CDS and the Grid in very apparent BROWN ink. Addressed to Mr. Jacob VanLeer, Barter Brook, Augusta, Va. Minor wear at the upper and lower left corners, but still a Very Fine cover and an excellent example of a scarce usage. The 5c Blue Lithograph stamp is not cataloged in the new CSA catalog or in Scott with a Brown cancel. SOLD
$750.00
BE102

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 42 (4-Margin) with a BLUE Grid Cancel and the matching BLUE Hillsboro NC DCDS to the right 21 MAR 1862. Commercially made black bordered Mourning Cover from the well-known Hamilton Correspondence addressed to Major Heyward Hamilton, Third Regt NC Volunteers (3rd NC Inf), Smithfield, Virginia. Minor edge repair top left center and missing backflap but still an overall Very Fine appearance. Ex-Oswald. SOLD
$500.00
BE103

CSA #11a (AD) (4-Margin but close on the left Milky Blue) tied by a large framed Grid Cancel and also tied by the Canton, M(iss) CDS 23 MAY 1863. Canton, Miss was well known for using several different large grid cancel types. Soldier with Stars and Bars Patriotic Cover SN-4 with design and envelope in GREEN. Addressed to Miss Eliza Cunningham, Dallas, Texas. At this time, Dallas, Texas was a very small place. CSA mail to and from Dallas is scarce in its own right. Very scarce patriotic cover design and believed to be currently the only recorded example of a Canton Grid on a patriotic cover of any design. The cover has been professionally cleaned and restored to an overall Very Fine appearance. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE104

CSA #4 two singles (not plated but most likely Stone 3 in the Light Milky Blue color shade) (both stamps are faulty with repaired and replaced right upper corners) cancelled with two central strikes of quite a small and unusual framed Grid Cancel and the H(ickory) Tavern NC woodblock rimless and dateless CDS to the right. Addressed to Mr. A. A. Hawn, Camp Hill near Statesvill(e) Guard Company A. Camp Hill was a Camp of Instruction for conscripts in operation during the summer of 1862. One of only two recorded Hickory Tavern NC covers. Cover is complete with overall light foxing but is still very presentable. SOLD
$750.00
BE105

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) with a Grid Cancel and a typeset rimless and dateless Cunningham, Tex CDS at the far left. Manuscript date "May 24." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Geo A. Fen, Richmond, Texas. Currently unlisted in the catalogs and books and a very scarce rimless postmark. Cover with a little light foxing and some edge and corner wear. SOLD
$750.00
BE106

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 22 (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of a fancy rectangular Grid Cancel with the matching Marion, Va CDS at the far left 14 APR (1862). Addressed to Matthew Arbuckle Esq, Lewisburg Greenbrier Co., Va. Cover goes into Greenbrier County which would later in 1863 be incorporated into the Union State of West Virginia. One of only four covers recorded with this fancy Marion, Va rectangular grid cancel which is not catalog listed as a fancy cancel. Clean cover with a very nice stamp but with a few period ink blots and a small repair to the left edge which includes a small part of the postmark. SOLD
$500.00
BE107

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by two strikes of a framed Grid Cancel and also tied by the matching Centre, Ala CDS 10 MAY. Orange paper cover with a somewhat faded but still legible address to Mrs. Sallie A. Rhodes, Talladega PO, Talladega Co., Ala. At top left “Soldiers Letter.” One of five recorded covers with this Centre, Ala distinctive Grid Cancel. Very Fine Ex-Hart. SOLD
$450.00
BE108

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by a weak strike of the BLUE Columbia SC CDS (date not apparent). Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. W. T. Nelson, Chester, So. Ca. On arrival in Chester, the cover was forwarded to Winnsboro, So. Ca. with the addition of the BLUE Chester CH SC DCDS with an APR 1863 date and manuscript “Ford 10” to assess the forwarding fee. On arrival in Winnsboro, the stamps were further canceled by three strikes of the well-known Winnsboro Grid used as a receiving mark as was the custom of the Winnsboro postmaster (see Page 336 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition). Cover with a missing backflap and a well-done top center edge repair not involving the stamps or the postal markings to a very clean and exhibitable appearance. SOLD
$300.00
BE109

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by a small framed Grid Cancel and also tied by the matching small single rim Fincastle, Va CDS 23 AUG (1863). Addressed to Lieut Mark Holland, Halesford, Franklin Co., Va. The addressee had service in both the 2nd Va Cav and the 10th Va Cav. At the time of this cover, Marcus D. Holland (1839-1915), was a 2nd Lieut in Co K 10th Va Cav. Very Fine Cover. Ex-Kohn and signed by Brian Green. SOLD
$275.00
BE110

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue with a large lower sheet margin showing part of the imprint below) tied by a large Grid Cancel with the Richmond, Va Powell Type 6p CDS 15 SEP (1864). This is the distinctive Richmond Large Grid Cancel (described as a bar grid within a circle) which was only rarely used during the Confederate period. The Richmond Large Grid is explained on Page 101 of Peter Powell’s book on the markings and postal history of Confederate Richmond, Va. At the time of the book’s publication (1987), Peter Powell knew of only three covers and one off-cover stamp with this grid. Since then, several more examples, including this cover, have come to light. Coarse brown paper cover from the Ruggles Correspondence addressed to General D. Ruggles, Macon, Georgia. Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897) was in New Orleans in early 1862 where he organized a brigade. He competently commanded a division at Corinth (Miss) in 1862. Afterwards his duties were administrative commanding departments and districts. He later became the Commissary General of Prisoners in March 1865 after the death of Gen Winder. Gen Ruggles was Massachusettes born but married into a Virginia family and made Fredericksburg his home and is buried there. Cover has a repaired lower right corner and a small repair to the upper left corner which blend very well and do not detract from an overall very fine appearance. Quite an exceptional cover with the extremely scarce Richmond Large Grid canceling a general issue stamp which also shows a part imprint. SOLD
$1,250.00
BE111

CSA #12 (AD) (margin a little close at the right) with a partial Grid Cancel and a handstamp WAY at the left. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. Sherwood Grady, Albertson’s PO, Duplin Co. NC. The addressee’s son, William H. Grady, was serving as a Sergt in Co C 51st NC Inf. The “WAY” marking is consistent with a mark used at Wilmington NC. This unit is documented as being in the Wilmington area (Fort Fisher) in the late spring and early summer of 1863. Note on back signed by Brian Green. PF Certificate 1981. Confederate marked WAY covers are not common. Only very few of the larger cities used a WAY handstamp such as Richmond, Wilmington, and New Orleans. Very Fine Cover. SOLD
$750.00
BE112

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 41 USED off-cover (4-Margin but close at the bottom) cancelled with a WAY handstamp. Cannot accurately identify the town or city of origin. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. This stamp was used as an illustration of Page 355 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$500.00
BE113

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with porminent random printing flaws in both stamps) cancelled by the ANV Field “Due 10” handstamp (ANV-18). Ordinarily, the stamps would have been cancelled by a Grid or a Target, but most likely the “Due 10” handstamp just came to hand and was inadvertently used instead by the postal clerk. Addressed to Miss Rebecca Poague, Fancy Hill, Rockbridge Co., Virginia. The addressee had relatives in the 1st Va Cav one of whom most likely sent the cover. Minor reduction at the left, otherwiseVery Fine and a most unusual cancellation. SOLD
$250.00
BE114

CSA #12c (AD) (margin close at the top but with a right sheet margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 3 1863” with the matching Chicamauga (Ten) semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Exceptionally strong strikes of these scarce postal markings. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. S. C. Wilkinson Care of Mr. Jas Bryson, Macon, Mississippi. Cover most likely sent by Corpl S. C. Wilkinson of Co E 45th Miss Inf to his wife. Cover has been professionally restored to an extremely fine appearance.

Chickamauga (also known as Chickamauga Station) is a listed CSA post office in Hamilton County, Ten located near Chattanooga and not far from the Georgia border. As an established CSA post office, the postmaster would have handled mail presented to him by the local inhabitants as well as by any Confederate Army units in the area. During the Chattanooga Campaign (Chattanooga fell to the Union 9/9/1863 and was subsequently placed under siege by the Confederate Army with the Battle of Chickamauga fought 19-20 Sept 1863) the little Chickamauga post office became overwhelmed with army mail. The Chickamauga postmaster first serviced his mail with manuscript markings. But some time during this period, the postmaster made or had made a simple typeset handstamp device with “Chicamauga” (“k” is missing in the handstamp) in a semi-circular configuration with a separate three line datestamp which was used to cancel the stamp. These markings have long been considered as Army of Tennessee field postal markings and are listed as such in the 1986 Dietz Catalog. But that is not necessarily true. While it is true that army covers would receive these marks, Chickamauga as a listed CSA post office was not exclusively set up as an army post office. So the marks could have been used on local civilian mail as well. Therefore, the Chicamauga Semi-Circular handstamp has been removed from the Army Field Cancels section of the new CSA catalog as the editors felt that it was not strictly an army marking. The new CSA Catalog acknowledges the semi-circular mark only in the descriptive text under the Army of Tennessee and unfortuately does not illustrate this very scarce and well-known marking and does not assign it a catalog value. The Chicamauga semi-circular handstamp is quite a scarce item with only perhaps a dozen or so covers known bearing this mark with dates in OCT and NOV 1863. The Chickamauga post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the Confederate Army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south.
SOLD
$3,000.00
BE115

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (irregular margins) tied by the Camp Shenandoah, Va CDS 15 APR (1862). An attempt was made to obliterate the last name of the address for privacy reasons, but the cover is clearly addressed to Mrs. S. C. P. Miller, Lexington, Va. The cover was sent by Capt John Miller of the 2nd Va Rockbridge Artillery to his wife Sally Campbell Preston Miller (McDowell). Clean cover with edge wear and an edge repair at bottom center and sealed backflap tears. Note on the reverse by VanDyk MacBride attesting to the rarity of the postmark

A small post office complete with a postmarking device was established at Camp Shenandoah, Va in Augusta County in the Shenandoah Mountains. There are only a small handful of covers known with this postmark and all are dated between 11 APR 1862 and 16 APR 1862 and all the known covers are army related. Camp Shenandoah served as a temporary army camp at that time. It seems apparent that the post office was established in order to service the army mail as the post office ceased operations by 20 APR 1862 when the army moved on. The Camp Shenandoah, Va postmark is listed as an army field postmark in the 1986 New Dietz catalog but has been deleted from the army listings by the editors of the new CSA catalog with the statement that the post office was opened on personal initiative and did not have official status. Unfortunately, the Camp Shenandoah mark is not illustrated or valued in the new CSA catalog. Whether the Camp Shenendoah post office was official or unofficial is really beside the point. It was definitely a functioning temporary post office serving the army with its own postmark of which there are less than 10 recorded covers and only a few recorded off-cover stamps with this postmark. All the stamps are 5c lithographs -- most are the 5c Blue with a few being the 5c Green.
SOLD
$2,000.00
BE116

CSA #11c (AD) (Greenish-Blue faulty stamp which has been repaired but the repair work does not involve the cancel) cancelled by the Army of Tenn Straight Line army field cancel (not dated). Addressed to Mr. B. Criswell Columbia SC in Care of Capt Senn. Capt Senn was in command of the Richland Jail prison in Columbia. Four Criswell brothers (Bud, JB, Joseph, RP) enlisted at the same time (Jan 1862) in the 19th SC Inf. A 5th brother, Thomas, also enlisted in the same unit in Feb 1864. Bud, Thomas, and Joseph were declared unfit for field service because of illness and joined Capt Senn’s Post Guard. The addressee was Bud Criswell, a member of the post guard at the Richland Jail. The most likely sender was his brother RP Criswell who remained with the 19th SC Inf into 1864. The stamp repairs notwithstanding, the cover has an overall very clean and very fine appearance. $500.00
BE117

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a right sheet margin) tied by the Army of Tenn Straight Line army field cancel (not dated). Addressed to Gen J. W. A. Sanford, Milledgeville, Georgia. The addressee was in Georgia state service. An exceptional cover as this cancel is rarely found tying the stamp to the cover. Ex-Gallagher. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE118

CSA #9 T-E-N (very faulty stamp which has been repaired but the repair work does not involve the cancel) tied by the Army of Tenn Straight Line army field cancel (not dated). Addressed to N. C. Sutton, Batesville, Georgia. In addition to the stamp repairs, the cover itself also shows some repair work and is reduced a bit at the right. Despite all the repair work, the cover still has quite a decent appearance. Believed to be the only known example of an Army of Tenn Straight Line on a T-E-N stamp. CSA Certificate 1984 which shows the stamp prior to the repair work. $500.00
BE119

CSA #8 Reunited Horz Strip of 5 USED off-cover (margin close at bottom center and just a little edge toning at bottom center) with SIX strikes of the Army of Tenn Straight Line army field cancel. Some time in the past, the strip of 5 was removed from its cover and cut into a strip of 3 and a pair and dispersed to different collectors. When this was done and by whom it was done are not known. The two pieces of this strip were fortuitously discovered at separate times and purely by accident by Gen Bush and have been rejoined back to its original form. The story of how this occurred is told in an article by Gen Bush in the Sep-Oct 2003 issue of the Confederate Philatelist. The reunited strip is also illustrated on Page 198 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The stamps have not been removed from the exhibit mount. This exceptional strip is the only known example of the Army of Tenn Straight Line army field cancel on the 2c Red-Brown stamp as well as on such a large multiple. An extraordinary item of Confederate Philately. $4,000.00
BE120

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (pre-affixing faults) tied by a full strike of the Pensacola, Fla CDS 25 MAY (1862). The cover is dated 15 days after the fall of Pensacola to the Union and represents one of the four recorded examples known as Pensacola Evacuation Covers. The Pensacola postmaster evacuated north with the Confederate Army toward Pollard, Ala and took his postmarking device with him when the city fell to the Union. He serviced army mail only for a very short period of time in late MAY 1862 along the evacuation route. Refer to Page 202 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition for more information on the Pensacola and Warrington postmarks found on Military Mail after the Union occupation of those towns. The other three recorded Pensacola evacuation covers are dated 20, 24, 28 MAY 1862. Addressed to Capt Thos C. Ellis, Brooksville, S(outh) Fla. This cover is illustrated on Page 202 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover reduced at left not affecting anything. Faulty stamp but a very clean overall appearance and a very significant item of Confederate postal history. SOLD
$2,000.00
BE121

CSA #6 Horz Pair (margins tight right and left) tied by the Warrington, Fla CDS 18 AUG (probably 1862). Trans-Mississippi use to Miss M. Em Reagan, New Salem, Rusk County, Texas routed through Vicksburg, Monroe & Shreveport, La. An old notation on the reverse of the cover states that the addressee was the sister of CSA Postmaster General John H. Reagan. PMG Reagan did have one sister but am unable to confirm her name and location in 1862. Usage is well after the fall of the Pensacola-Warrington area to the Union in MAY 1862 and represents usage from Pollard, Ala as the Warrington postmaster fled north with the army to Pollard (just across the state line north of Pensacola) where he continued to service army mail using the Warrington, Fla postmark at least into NOV 1863. Refer to Page 202 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition for more information on the Pensacola and Warrington postmarks found on Military Mail after the Union occupation of those towns. Cover with a neat repair to the upper left corner and just a little edge wear but still with a very clean appearance and represents quite a scarce usage. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE122

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin but with preaffixing faults and an unusual light yellow green color) tied by the single rim Randolph Macon College, Va CDS 24 JAN (1862). Addressed to Jeff W. Stubbs Esqr, Cappahosic, Va. On the backflap is the fancy embossed Blue and White Randolph Macon College advertising oval (VA-12). The backflap has been cut and folded over for display purposes. This is a turned cover with the inside use handcarried outside the postal system to Dinwiddie, Va. This cover is illustrated on Page 312 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Cover has an overall Very Fine appearance. SOLD
$750.00
BE123

CSA #5 USED (4-Margin with just a little edge gum toning and in the standard lighter rose color) tied to small piece by a full strike of the single rim Randolph Macon College, Va CDS 22 JUL. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. SOLD
$500.00
BE124

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a BLUE Grid Cancel and also tied by the matching BLUE University of Va, Va single rim CDS (date not fully apparent). Small glazed paper ladies type cover (backflap missing) addressed to Miss Vergie Montgomery, Kerrs Creek, Rockbridge County, Va. Very clean cover. $350.00
BE125

CSA #5 (4-Margin with a very nice deep rose color) tied to a large piece with part of an address to Greensboro, Ala by the Troy, Alabama CDS 5 AUG 1862. Other than a few towns in Texas, Troy, Alabama is the only CSA Circle Date Stamp to have the name of the state spelled out completelyrather than abbreviated. Very Fine. PF Certificate 1986. SOLD
$900.00
BE126

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin but with a pre-affixing horz crease) tied by a full strike of the Leesburg, Va CDS 8 FEB (1862). Addressed to Miss Gillie F. Jones, Gordonsville, Va. The “Va” state abbreviation in the CDS is in script lettering. This is the only known CSA post office that used script lettering for the state designation. This postmark had been used 1836-1853 and then retired but put back into service during the Confederate period. Leesburg was captured by the Union in the Spring of 1862, so Confederate usage of this postmark was very short lived. Gen Bush was able to identify and record only two covers with this “Va” script Leesburg postmark. Leesburg CSA covers seen today most commonly have the Leesburg small DCDS and not this script postmark. Very Fine Appearance. Notation on the reverse signed by Brian Green. SOLD
$750.00
BE127

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin touches at the top) tied by the Fredericksburg, Va Mixed-Font PAID CDS with a DEC 1861 date. Addressed to Miss Margaret Stuart Care of Alex Q. Holladay Esq, Richmond, Va. In this Fredericksburg postmark, the “urg” is in much smaller letters than the rest of the town name perhaps to fit such a long name on the rim. Fredericksburg used more than one postmark during the Confederate period, and this one with the mixed font is the scarcest with not too many known covers. The stamp and the postmark were cropped from this cover and used as an illustration on Page 361 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine. SOLD
$500.00
BE128

CSA #7 Vert Pair on London Paper affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied to cover FRONT ONLY by two strikes of a Target with a “5” in the center cancel of unknown origin as there is no postmark on the cover. A most unusual cancel but not listed as a fancy cancel in the new CSA catalog. Addressed to Mr. Custis at the ford of the River, Wilkesboro NC. The stamps and the cancels were cropped from this cover front and used as an illustration on Page 352 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. The cancel was also featured in an article by Gen Bush in the Nov-Dec 1993 issue of the Confederate Philatelist. No other examples of this cancel have come to light since the 1993 article. SOLD
$250.00
BE129

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with dark edge toning) cancelled by two strikes of a Negative “5” in a Circle handstamp with the small single rim Cornersville, Ten CDS to the left 9 MAR. This unusual handstamp is found on Cornersville stampless PAID covers and is listed as Type A in the stampless markings section of the new CSA catalog. However, this is currently the only recorded full cover where this scarce handstamp was used to cancel the stamps. There is one known off-cover 5c Blue Richmond Print with this same handstamp cancel which is offered in the next lot (BE130). Military Address to Dr. A. Jones, Tullahoma, Surgeon, 17th Tenn Reg, Gen Johnson’s Brigade. Clean blended top edge repair not affecting the postal markings. The cover was featured in an article by Gen Bush in the Nov-Dec 1993 issue of the Confederate Philatelist. Very clean appearing cover. SOLD
$750.00
BE130

CSA #7 (margins tight) off-cover and tied to small piece with the Negative “5” in a Circle handstamp cancel known to have originated in Cornersville, Ten. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. This stamp was used as an illustration on Page 351 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. PF Certificate 1984 shows the stamp affixed as a pair to a Cornersville, Ten cover from the same correspondence as BE129 above. On the photo of the original cover with the certificate, half of the right stamp of the pair was cut through and is missing. It is apparent that the damaged right stamp was removed and discarded and the small piece cut from the cover and the rest of the cover discarded after the certificate was obtained. SOLD
$300.00


FRAME 5
Railroad and Express Cancels

 CSA Handstamps including Provisional Handstamps used as Cancels
 Union Handstamps Canceling CSA Stamps
 Foreign Cancels on CSA Stamps
BE131

CSA #11 (AD) affixed sideways (4-Margin with central staining) tied by a much better than average strike of the Wartrace N & C RR (Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark APR 29 1863 (very early use as the EKU for this stamp is 4/21/1863). Addressed to Mr. B. L. Richard, Columbus, Miss. On arrival in Columbus, the original address was lined through, the cover marked “Missent & ford,” the Columbus, Miss CDS added 5 MAY (1863), and the cover sent on to another addressee Mrs. W. C. D. Vaught Care of Felix Walker, Selma, Alabama. No additional forwarding fee was assessed. Most unusual usage. Part of backflap missing. Apart from the light stain on the stamp, still a very fine cover. SOLD
$1,250.00
BE132

CSA #7 Horz Pair (appears to be London paper) (pre-affixing vert crease right stamp and clipped lower left corner of the left stamp) tied by an excellent full strike of the Estell Springs N & C RR (Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark NOV 20 1862. Adversity Cover made from a line unused ledger page which has not been folded out for display. Addressed to Miss C. C. Honnoll, Buttehatchie, Mississippi. This cover is illustrated on Page 316 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very clean cover. SOLD
$750.00
BE133

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin with a small pre-affixing edge crease at the bottom center which does not detract) tied by the small single rim Nelsons Station, Va CDS 3 JUL 1863. Folded Letter Complete addressed to J. H. Reid Esq, Orange & Alex(andria) Rail Road, Lynchburg, Va. Business letter concerning payment for wood deliveries. Vertical file folds not affecting the stamp. Very Fine Appearing Cover. SOLD
$350.00
BE134

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin minor pre-affixung edge fault at lower left which does not detract) tied to a small piece from the Rives Correspondence by the Cobham VA C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS (date not fully apparent). Very Fine Appearance. SOLD
$200.00
BE135

CSA #1 Stone 2 two singles used as a pair Position 19 and 20 off-cover (4-Margin) tied together by an excellent strike of the Afton VA C RR (Virginia Central Railroad) CDS 10 FEB (1862). One of only three recorded examples of this scarce railroad postmark. The stamps have not been removed from the exhibit mount. These stamps were used as an illustration on Page 322 of the Collectors Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition and are the subject of a Mar-Apr 2002 Confederate Philatelist article. Very Fine. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE136

CSA #1 Stone A-B (4-Margin but close at left Olive Green) tied by a full strike of the Smyrna N & C RR (Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark 23 JAN 1862. Military Address to Walter Keeble, 45th Regt Col Mitchell Com, Bolling Green, Kentucky (Confederate occupied part of Kentucky). The unit in the address is Co C 45th Ten Inf. Believed to be one of only two recorded examples of this scarce railroad postmark canceling a general issue stamp. Minor light foxing, otherwise Very Fine. SOLD
$3,500.00
BE137

CSA #7 Vert Pair with the top stamp being the Position 30UR White Tie variety (4-Margin but close at left and bottom right) tied to small piece by the Wartrace N & C RR (Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad) postmark CDS 21 MAY 1863.  Very Fine. $500.00
BE138

CSA #9 T-E-N off-cover (4-Margin but close on the left but faulty with a preaffixing horz crease-tear which has been repaired by rebacking the stamp) with the Estell Springs N & C RR (Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad) oval postmark 7 MAY 1863. Stamp on card with reconstructed postmark for display purposes. $250.00
BE139

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin close on the left and a very dry printing) tied by the ALA. & TEN. RIV. R.R. (Alabama & Tennessee River Railroad) CDS 12 MAY (1862). Blue paper Folded Letter complete (business and personal) addressed to Mr. A. T. Jones, Selma (Ala). One of only three recorded examples of this scarce railroad postmark canceling a general issue stamp. Horizontal file fold through the address. Very Fine.Ex-Weatherley. $3,500.00
SOLD
BE140

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margins close top and bottom) tied to a large piece (partial cover front) by a STEAM handstamp with a weak strike of the Natchez, Miss CDS to the left 3 JAN 1862. Addressed to D. L. Rivers Esq, Natchez, Miss. This is not a drop letter. The original cover was placed directly on a steamboat on the Mississippi River between post offices. On arrival in Natchez, the cover received the STEAM handstamp to show that it did indeed arrive on a riverboat. The name of the riverboat appears to be at the lower left corner, but most of the name has been cut off. This partial cover front has been rebacked for display purposes and appears as an illustration on Page 330 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. PF Certificate 1976 which pictures the item prior to rebacking. SOLD
$400.00
BE141

CSA #1 Stone 1 Position 41 (91) (4-Margin with large sheet margins left and bottom indicating that the stamp is from the lower left corner of the pane at Position 91 and gum toning) tied by the small New Orleans, La DCDS 31 DEC 1861. Addressed to Hon R. K. Howell, New Orleans, La. This is not an overpaid drop letter but instead is incoming rivermail with the scarce New Olreans rivermail postmark applied on arrival at the dock. On Page 471 in the Inland Waterway Mail section of the new CSA catalog, this scarce postmark is dismissed and not valued. A statement is made that there is no proof that this mark was applied at the dock rather than at the main post office. We (JLK and CLB) disagree with that statement and are in agreement with the late Hubert Skinner who in his writings about Confederate New Orleans described this as a dockside postmark. The DCDS from New Orleans is very scarce whereas the large single rim marks from the main post office are quite common. This cover, a similar CSA #1 cover pictured on Page 332 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition, and the extreme scarcity of this postmark with Confederate use would seem to dispute the above catalog statement. These two covers are 5c Lithographs with a New Orleans address indicating that the 5c stamp paid the correct incoming rivermail rate and did not overpay a drop letter rate. And there are a few other similar covers as well. For our evaluation of this New Orleans postmark, refer to Pages 331-332 of our Guidebook. Besides the stamp gum toning, the cover shows a little light foxing, a little edge wear, and has backflap opening tears. Still with an overall very clean appearance. SOLD
$750.00
BE142

CSA #1 Stone A-B (not plated) (4-Margin Olive Green) tied by a Blue STEAMBOAT handstamp with a second strike of the same handstamp to the left. Addressed to Mr. M. Hrenna, Montgomery, Ala. The Blue STEAMBOAT handstamp is a Montgomery, Ala mark. The cover originated somewhere on the Alabama River prepaid with the 5c stamp. On arrival in Montgomery, the cover received the STEAMBOAT handstamp indicating the proper rate on an incoming cover and not an overpaid drop letter. The “Due 10” handstamp on the cover was also applied in Montgomery apparently by mistake as it is lined through. The cover was reduced at the left just to the address but the left side of the cover has been professionally restored. The restoration did not involve the address, the postal markings, or the stamp. PF Certificate 1991 which shows the cover prior to restoration. Very Fine Appearance and a scarce Steamboat usage. SOLD
$1,500.00
BE143

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (stamp with repaired faults) off-cover with STEAM cancellation consistent with the STEAM handstamp used at Natchez, Mississippi. Stamp mounted on card with the cancel partially reconstructed for display purposes. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. SOLD
$200.00
BE144

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (irregular margins) tied to small piece by the Augusta, Ga Southern Express Co double ring CDS in BLUE (date not fully apparent). The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. SOLD
$500.00
BE145

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the Savannah, Ga Southern Express Co double ring CDS in RED 12 MAR (1862). Folded Letter (business) addressed to F. J. Champion Esq, Macon, Ga. Manuscript “Paid RS” indicates that the express fee was paid and initialed by the express agent. Minor fold separations within the letter and small acid ink erosions, but still a Very Fine Appearing cover. PF Certificate 1967. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE146

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin in at left) tied by a light strike of the Chattanooga, Tenn Southern Express Co double ring CDS in Black 21 MAR (1862). There is a second strong strike of the same express CDS at the left. Folded Letter Complete (short business letter about the shipment of butter) addressed to H. L. Jewett, Macon, Ga. Interior fold reinforced with archival tape. Very clean appearance. CSA Certificate 1990. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE147

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the HELD FOR POSTAGE handstamp used in Richmond, Va (Type EE in the new CSA Catalog), Small cover addressed to Mr. Samuel Branch Walker Care of Isaac W. Walker, Richmond, Virginia. Undoubtedly an Overpaid Drop Letter cancelled with the first handstamp that conveniently came to the clerk’s hand. Peter Powell in his 1987 book on Richmond Confederate postal markings recorded only three examples of this HELD FOR POSTAGE Richmond handstamp. There are very likely a few more than three known at this time, but it is certainly very scarce particularly cancelling a general issue stamp. CSA Certificate 1988 states “Genuine marking, probably used in error.” That statement is not correct as the marking was not actually used in error as any handstamp could be used to cancel the stamp of a drop letter. The town postmark was not required to be used on a drop letter. Ex-Birkinbine with an explanatory note to that effect in his hand with his signature on the certificate. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 356 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Small piece missing from backflap otherwise Very Fine. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE148

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by two strikes of a FREE handstamp in VIOLET. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover addressed to Samuel B. Walker, Allens Creek, Amherst Cty, Va. The FREE marking is consistent with the handstamp (Type N in the new CSA Catalog) and the violet ink used at Lynchburg, Va which is the probable origin of the cover. The postal clerk used whatever came to hand to cancel the stamp and for some unknown reason did not use the town postmark. CSA Certificate 1973 states “Genuine” but does not mention the source of the marking. Ex-Judd with his notation on the reverse also identifying Lynchburg as the source of the handstamp. This currently is believed to be the only cover with the FREE mark in violet as the other Lynchburg FREE covers are listed only in black and in blue. Extremely Fine. SOLD
$1,000.00
BE149

CSA #11 (AD) Single, CSA #12 (AD), CSA #11 (AD) Horz Pair tied together and to the cover by three partial strikes of the Richmond, Va Powell Type 5f 4 JAN (1864). Interesting combination of stamps (all 4-Margin) with different color shades paying the 40c East-to-West Trans-Mississippi Express rate. Addressed to Mrs. Ross Houston, LaVernia, Wilson County, Texas via Meridian Mississippi. On the cover is a handstamp MISSENT which also ties the fourth stamp to the cover with no indication as to where the cover was missent or what the town of origin of the missent mark is. The cover could have easily been missent to Houston, Texas because of the last name of the addressee. However, there is no record of a handstamp “missent” mark used in Houston, Texas. The only Texas soldier in Virginia named “Houston” was Pvt Russell Houston Co F 4th Tex Inf (Hood’s Brigade) who was discharged in April 1864. This is a cover FRONT ONLY which has some time in the distant past been rebacked. Listed as Item E41 in the Krieger Trans-Mississippi monograph but mistakenly dated as 4 JAN 1865. The Richmond postmark is not compatible with an 1865 use, so the cover must be 1864. Most unusual Trans-Mississippi item which bears further research into the “MISSENT” mark. $3,500.00
BE150

CSA #12d (AD) (4-Margin Dark Blue) tied by a beautiful strike of the Hamburgh SC PAID CDS 12 MAY. Addressed to Win Lucus Esq, Aiken SC. Minor edge water staining which does not detract. This cover was used as an illustration on Page 357 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Appearance. Ex-Cole, Ex-Emerson.  SOLD
$350.00
BE151

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin just in at left) tied by the Carolina City NC Paid 5 handstamp (Type B in the new CSA catalog) 8 MAR (1862). Large Dragoon Patriotic Cover Type SM-1 with Verse 5 ("Bright Banner of Freedom..".). Addressed to Miss Julian Smith, Love Lady, Caldwell Co NC. Minor reduction at the top and a professional repair to the lower edge with a professional cleaning. Believed to be the only recorded patriotic cover with this unusual Carolina City Paid 5 handstamp used as a postmark. SOLD
$1,250.00
BE152

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin with a minor preaffixing edge fault at bottom center) tied by the Newbern NC 5 PAID CDS in BLUE (Type B in the new CSA Catalog) 27 JAN (1862). Addressed to Mrs. William Nixon, Hertford Perquimans County, N. Carolina. Cover reduced at left not affecting anything. Very clean cover. SOLD
$350.00
BE153

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-margin) tied by the Savannah, Ga Paid (curved) CDS (Type B in the new CSA catalog) 7 JUN 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. Bush, Chenubba, Terrell County, Ga. Very Fine. SOLD
$225.00
BE154

CSA #1 Stone A-B (not plated) (4-Margin Olive Green) tied by a Boxed PAID 5 Handstamp (Type B in the new CSA catalog) with the matching small single rim Ridgeway NC CDS to the left. Addressed to Hon Burton Craige, Member of Congress, Richmond, Va. Cover with sealed backflap tears and a sealed tear through the CDS at the upper left. Very clean overall appearance and a very nice stamp canceled by a mark normally used on stampless covers. SOLD
$400.00
BE155

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by a Union period PAID 3 in a circle handstamp. Addressed to Rosana B. Jamison, Charlotte PO, Mecklenburg County NC. The addressee’s husband was Pvt Thomas J. Jamison of Co E 11th NC Inf who was the likely sender of the cover. Pvt (later Corpl) Jamison is listed as wounded at Gettysburg 7/1/1863 and rejoined his unit 9/1/1863. He was captured as a POW at Petersburg, Va 4/2/1865 and confined at Harts Island NY Harbor until released 6/17/1865. From the unit history and assuming Corpl Jamison was the sender, the handstamp most likely originated somewhere in Virginia in 1864. Scarce and most unusual Union period pre-war handstamp used to cancel the stamp especially later in the war. Cover is complete with some staining on the reverse and a little light foxing on the face of the cover. SOLD
$400.00
BE156

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin touches at top and an extremely dry printing) pen-cancelled and a weak strike of the BLUE Waynesboro, Va CDS to the left 2 JUN (1862). South-to-North very early POW cover addressed to Mr. Andrew Brooks Prisoner of War Care of Capt A. A. Gibson Commanding Fort Delaware Del. “By Flag of Truce via Petersburg.” Pencil notation at upper left “should be directed Prisoner of War.” The cover itself is a Union 3c Red Star Die and bears two strikes of a Union Due 3 handstamp one of which ties the CSA stamp to the cover. The star die was demonitized the previous summer and was not recognized as valid for Union postage. The POW cover was allowed to go through early in the war with Union postage due. At bottom center are what appear to be manuscript initials “TGS” which could be an examiner’s mark. Pvt Andrew Brooks (age 24) enlisted in Co I 4th Va Inf 6/2/1861. He was captured as a POW at Kernstown, Va 3/23/1862, confined at Fort Delaware, and exchanged 8/5/1862. He was subsequently wounded at Chancellorsville, Va 5/3/1863 and died of his wounds four days later. Capt Augustus A. Gibson (d1893), a West Point graduate and carreer US Army officer) of the 2nd US Artillery commanded the Fort Delaware prison early in the war. On 6/25/1862 (a few weeks after this cover was posted) he became the Colonel of the 2nd Penn Heavy Artillery. Quite a scarce POW usage particularly with the Union handstamp tying the CSA stamp. Backflap missing, otherwise a very clean cover. SOLD
$2,000.00
BE157

CSA #1 Stone 2 (not plated) (margin just in at the right) off-cover cancelled by the Union Dead Letter Office circular handstamp dated 6 MAR 1862. Stamp could only have come from a through-the-lines cover South-to-North which for whatever reason was never delivered but ended up in the Dead Letter Office instead. Stamp affixed on card and the handstamp partially reconstructed for display purposes. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. This is believed to be an unique item as no other examples of a CSA general issue stamp with the Union Dead Letter Office mark cancelling the stamp are known to us (JLK and CLB). This stamp was used as an illustration on Page 364 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Ex-Everett. SOLD
$750.00
BE158

North-to-South POW Cover from Point Lookout, Md to Nelson Station, Va. CSA #12 (AD) and USA #65 to pay both the Union and Confederate postage. Target Cancel on the Union stamp with the Point Lookout, Md CDS 8 AUG (1864) cancelling the CSA stamp. The cover transitted Richmond, and the Richmond, Va CDS 26 AUG (1864) was placed directly over the Point lookout CDS also cancelling the CSA stamp. “By flag of truce boat” at upper left. “Prisoners Letter Examined” octagonal handstamp from Point Lookout dated Aug 8, 1864 (Type IIb or Type C in the new CSA catalog) which is the earliest recorded date of use for this handstamp according to Galen Harrison’s book on POW mail. The addressee had a son at Fort Delaware -- Pvt James Alexander Tompkins of Co I 5th Va Cav. Pvt Tompkins was captured as a POW at Yellow Tavern, Va 5/11/1864. Records show that he Died of Disease at the prison a few weeks later and is buried in the prison Confederate cemetery. Pvt Tompkins could not have sent this letter. One can speculate that perhaps a fellow POW from the same unit wrote to Pvt Tompkin’s mother to inform her of his death at the prison. It was not unusual for family members to find out that their loved ones had died weeks or even months earlier. This cover is featured on Page 219 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Extremely Fine. Ex- Everett. $3,000.00
BE159

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with a small right sheet margin) cancelled by the Point Lookout Prisoners Letter Examined octagonal handstamp without a date (Type IIa or Type B in the new CSA Catalog). Also cancelling the stamp is the rim of a CDS at the lower right which cannot be identified. Stamp must have been removed from a Point Lookout, Md POW cover. Normally the examined handstamp was applied somewhere on the cover away from the stamps. Most unusual to find the mark actually cancelling a stamp. The stamp is hinged on a card with a partial reconstruction of the examiner’s handstamp mark for display purposes. Very Fine. SOLD
$250.00
BE160

North-to-South POW Cover from Johnson’s Island to Mt. Pleasant NC with CSA #12 (AD) and USA #65 to pay the CSA and Union postage. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss C. L. House, Mt Pleasant, Cabarrus County NC. “Per Flag of Truce” at upper left. The USA stamp has a Target Cancel and the Sandusky, Ohio Union postmark cancels the CSA stamp 25 OCT (1864). The cover transitted Richmond and received a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 9 NOV (1864) placed partially over the Sandusky postmark and also cancelling the CSA stamp. The cover has a full strike of the oval handstamp “Prisoner’s Letter Examined GSB Johnsons Island, O” (Type A in the new CSA catalog). The initials “GSB” are for Corpl George S. Brown of the 128th Ohio Infantry. The sender of the cover is not identified, but the sender was most likely Pvt James F. Litaker of Co F 57th NC Inf. Pvt Litaker of Cabarrus County NC married Catherine L. House after the war. Pvt Litaker was captured as a POW at Rappahannock Station, Va 11/7/1863 and was confined at Johnsons Island until his release on 6/12/1865. This cover is featured on Page 218 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. Very Fine Ex-Weatherly, Ex- Howard Green. $2,500.00
BE161

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) off-cover  cancelled by the left edge of the oval handstamp “Prisoner’s Letter Examined Fort Delaware, Del” (Type A in the new CSA catalog). The stamp could only have come from a through-the-lines POW cover but received no other cancel besides the Union examiner’s handstamp. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount and has been affixed to a card with the handstamp partially reconstructed for display purposes. SOLD
$200.00
BE162

South-to-North POW Cover from the Richland Jail in Columbia SC to Bedford, Pennsylvania with CSA #11 (AD) and USA #65 to pay both the CSA and Union postage. The USA stamp has a cork cancel and the Old Point Comfort, Va Union postmark 25 AUG cancels the CSA stamp. There are no CSA postal markings on the cover. “Prisoner of War Letter via Richmond,Va” at upper left. “Exd R. D. Senn Capt Post Gd” at lower left which identifies the Richland Jail in Columbia SC as the origin of the cover as Capt (later Major) Senn was in command at that location. Addressed to Miss H. A. Barclay, Bedford, Bedford Co., Pennsylvania. The sender of the cover is not identified. Very Fine. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE163

North-to-South POW Cover from Point Lookout, Md to Williamsboro NC with CSA #11 (AD) and USA #65 to pay both the CSA and Union postage. The Union stamp has a Target Cancel and the matching Point Lookout, Md CDS is at the lower left 28 JAN (1864). The CSA stamp is cancelled by a partial strike of the Richmond, Va CDS 7 FEB (1864). The cover has the large oval “APPROVED J. A. Patterson Capt. & Provost Marshal, Point Lookout, Md” handstamp (Type A in the new CSA catalog) which also ties both stamps. Small but complete cover addressed to Rev H. A. Burton, Williamsboro, Granville Cty NC. The sender is not identified. H. A. Burton of Granville County NC had two sons in the Confederate Army, but neither one is listed as ever having been a POW. Cover must have come from another relative. Very Fine. SOLD
$2,500.00
BE164

CSA #7 (4-Margin) off-cover canceled by a BLUE double ring oval in Spanish. The mark is consistent with a foreign forwarding agent’s mark from either Cuba or Mexico meaning that the stamp could only have originated from a blockade cover through Cuba or from a trans-border cover between Mexico and Texas. Believed to be the only recorded CSA stamp canceled by a Spanish forwarding agent’s mark. The stamp has not been removed from its exhibit mount. PF Certificate 1972 which states “Genuine” but misidentifies the stamp as a CSA #6. The certificate also says “small crease” which cannot be seen from the front. This stamp was used as an illustration on Page 247 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition.  Very Fine Appearance. SOLD
$750.00
BE165

CSA #9 T-E-N (margins close on all four sides) off-cover with a British Cancel W 33. The “W” references West London and the “33” is for the Mortlake Station. (Ref: Collect British Postmarks Fourth Edition by Dr. J. T. Whitney). There is also the rim of a CDS canceling the stamp at the left, but this CDS cannot be identified. The stamp could only have come from a blockade cover originating in England. Believed to be the only example of a CSA #9 with a foreign cancel. PF Certificate 1972 which states “Genuine with small thin spots but stamp not valid for postage.” Do not understand the “not valid for postage” statement on the certificate as the stamp would have been affixed in England to pay the CSA inland postage from the port of entry to the final destination of the cover. The certificate also incorrectly identifies the numeral as “35” when the mark “33” is clearly visible. Very likely the rim of a CDS at the left is a CSA mark applied on arrival. Extremely interesting item. This stamp was used as an illustration on Page 247 of the Collector’s Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. SOLD
$1,500.00



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