CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 4

Tennessee -- Texas


New Covers Added 20 NOV 2021

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
TENNESSEE TEXAS



-- TENNESSEE --

TN155

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with a partial but very recognizable strike of the Shelbeyville, Ten CDS 25 FEB Dietz Type II. Coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Mr. Rob Lowry Atlanta, Geo. Some backflap tears but otherwise Very Fine.
$150.00
TN245

CSA #5 (irregular margin and faults) pen-canceled and manuscript “Tyner, Ten Sept 30 (1862)” across the top. Addressed to Mrs. Ann Cox Care of Mr. H. Worley, Oxford, Miss. Minor small water stain at bottom center and shows just a little wear. Still a very clean and attractive cover with a scarce usage. Ex-Boshwit.
$500.00
TN276

CSA #1 Stone 2 Vert Pair from the right lower corner Positions 40, 50 (90, 100) (4-Margin with large sheet margins right and bottom and a few very light barely noticeable small scuffs) tied to cover by the usual somewhat blurred strike of the Blue Nashville, Ten CDS 21 JAN (1862).  Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. S. Mary PO Box 2469 New Orleans.  Part of backflap missing and a little edge wear but otherwise very clean with an excellent position pair of stamps.  Ex-Gallagher. $550.00


Chickamauga (also known as Chickamauga Station) is a listed CSA post office in Hamilton County, Ten located near Chattanooga and not far from the Georgia border. As an established CSA post office, the postmaster would have handled mail presented to him by the local inhabitants as well as by any Confederate Army units in the area. During the Chattanooga Campaign (Chattanooga fell to the Union 9/9/1863 and was subsequently placed under siege by the Confederate Army with the Battle of Chickamauga fought 19-20 Sept 1863) the little Chickamauga post office became overwhelmed with army mail. The Chickamauga postmaster first serviced his mail with manuscript markings. But some time during this period, the postmaster made or had made a simple typeset handstamp device with “Chicamauga” (“k” is missing in the handstamp) in a semi-circular configuration with a separate three line datestamp which was used to cancel the stamp. These markings have long been considered as Army of Tennessee field postal markings and are listed as such in the 1986 Dietz Catalog. But that is not necessarily true. While it is true that army covers would receive these marks, Chickamauga as a listed CSA post office was not exclusively set up as an army post office. So the marks could have been used on local civilian mail as well. The editors working on the army field cancel section of the new Confederate catalog have recognized this and removed the marking from the Army Field Cancel section. Unfortunately, the semi-circular Chicamauga marking is not illustrated or listed anywhere in the current CSA catalog. That does not lessen the fact that the manuscript Chickamauga covers are very scarce items. And the Chicamauga semi-circular handstamp is even scarcer with only perhaps a dozen or so covers known bearing this mark with dates in OCT and NOV 1863. The Chickamauga post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the Confederate Army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. This is distinct from the actual Army of Tennessee field post office set up by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of the city using the Chattanooga postmark (known as the “rover” with latest known use in late January 1864) and the Army of Tenn straight line handstamp used November 1863 into March 1864.
TN284

“Chickamauga, Tenn Sept 7 (1863) Due 10” all in manuscript with soldiers endorsement at left “J. R. Riggs Co G 27th Miss Regt.”  Addressed to Mrs. F. E. Smith, Prattville Po Office, Autauga County, Ala.  Cover dated just two days before the fall of Chattanooga.  Two weeks after this cover was sent, the 27th Miss Inf was actively engaged in the Battle of Chickamauga with significant casualties.  Minor file fold at the bottom and minor backflap opening tears, but still a Very Fine cover.  Ex-Matz,Ex-Boshwit, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN285

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but a little close at the top) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 6 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Exceptionally strong strikes of these scarce postal markings.  Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover addressed to Mrs. G. A. Miles, Bridgeville Pickens Co., Ala.  Cover was most likely sent by Lieut George A. Miles Co K 43rd Ala Infantry to his wife.  The 43rd Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit that fought gallantly at the Battle of Chickamauga and suffered heavy losses.  At the time of this cover, the regiment was positioned on Missionary Ridge until withdrawn from the line with the remainder of the army on 11/18/1863.  Cover is complete with just a little corner and edge wear but is still certainly one of the finest examples of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking.  Ex-Gallagher, Ex-Murphy, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN286

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “OCT 25 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. This cover is currently the earliest recorded usage date of the Chicamauga handstamp, but earlier usages may exist yet to be recorded. Addressed to Mrs. Thos. F. Hooper, Okolona Chickasaw Co., Miss. There is no Thomas F. Hooper listed as a soldier from Mississippi. There is only one Thomas F. Hooper listed in the Confederate Army. Lieut Thomas Foster Hooper (b1832) Co I 29th Ga Inf may be the one who sent this cover as the regiment was in the Chickamauga area at the time and took part in the battle. Cover is very clean with a small reduction at the right just into the last line of the address. But still an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking. Ex-Grant, Ex-Everett, Ex-Alex Hall, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN366

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 2 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. Addressed to Mrs Dr U. G. Owen Care of Mary Dobson, Rockford, Surrey Co., N. Carolina. Routing at lower left "via Columbia, S. Carolina." The cover was sent by Dr. Urban Grammer Owen (1833-1903) to his wife. Dr. Owen was the Surgeon of the 4th Ten Inf an Army of Tennessee unit. He married Laura Ann Dobson in 1859. After the war, he practiced medicine in Williamson County, Tennessee. Cover with a clean appearance with just a little light foxing and edge wear. Minor reduction on the left where the cover was opened not affecting anything. The cover is an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this scarce marking.  SOLD
TN388
9/5/2019
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Pen-Cancel and manuscript “Chickamauga” with an early Oct (1863) date across the top. Chickamauga is listed as a CSA post office in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Addressed to Mr. William D. Kimbrell, Cold Springs Post Office, Edgefield District, South Carolina. Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. William D. Kimbrell (1800-1867) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 60 year old farmer in Edgefield District SC. He had one son, James Kimbrell, who served in Co I (Edgefield Guards) 24th SC Inf which was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Pvt James Kimbrell was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father about 2 1/2 weeks after the battle. Very Fine. $400.00
TN389

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and matching manuscript “Chickamauga, T(en) Oct 18 (1863).” Addressed to Mr. Flemming Rice, Rome, Ga.  Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. Flemming Rice (1802-1873) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 58 year old farmer in Floyd County, Georgia, He had one son, John H. Rice (1843-1911), who served as a Pvt (later Sergt) in Co G 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment enlisting 5/11/1862. Sergt Rice surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. The 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. Sergt John H. Rice was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father. Light water staining left side of cover but still a very clean appearance. $350.00


TN290

CSA #56x2 two singles in slightly different color shades (one stamp overlaps the other and there are preaffixing corner edge tears on both stamps in the margin only which do not detract) tied together and to the cover by the Memphis, Ten CDS 15 JUL (1861).  It has been suggested that the left stamp is the rare pelure thin paper variety.  But there are those who do not believe that such a variety even exists.  Addressed to C. D. Barksdale Esq, Charleston, So. Ca.  The addressee was Captain of Co L 1st SC Inf also known as the Carolina Light Infantry.  Clean cover with a minor edge repair at the top left and most of backflap missing, but still very presentable and very exhibitable. $2,250.00
TN300

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 4 OCT (1863).  This is the Chattanooga “Rover” with the Chattanooga postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of Chattanooga to the Union 9/9/1863. This is also an adversity use of a USA 3c Red Star envelope where the stamp was placed over the embossing. The stamp has been lifted and hinged to the left in order to display the embossing. Addressed to Mrs. S. F. H. Holland, Fair-play Anderson Dist, So. Ca. Backflap missing but otherwise Very Fine. $350.00
TN317

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close right and bottom) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS 23 FEB 1863. Addressed to Gen Ragan PM (Postmaster), Ragans Station, Ten. Reagan’s Station (mispelled on the cover) was a station on the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad 9 miles NE of Athens, Ten. Reagan’s Station, Ten is not listed as a Confederate post office and is also not listed in the 1863 Appleton’s US Postal Guide. It is possible that a small short-lived post office was established there because of the railroad and was never recorded. Adversity Cover made from a used ledger sheet which appears to be a freight listing. Very Fine. $400.00
TN321

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Tullahoma, Ten CDS 11 MAY 1863. Light yellow paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shepherd Care of Mrs Moses Anderson, Mobile, Ala. Small reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.         $350.00
TN337

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin with a little gum toning and pre-affixing faults) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 14 SEP (1861). Addressed to Z. M. Shackelford Esq, Macon, Tenn. Period military endorsement at top left “From Johndee Mitchell Lieut in Quartermaster’s Department Genl G. J. Pillow’s Brigade.” This is a cover FRONT ONLY with a little edge wear. Ex-Matz. $700.00
TN340

CSA #61x5 Nashville 5c Provisional Violet Brown (4-Margin but close at the left) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 12 OCT 1861. Matching BLUE Nashville PAID handstamp often found on Nashville provisional covers. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. & Mrs J. M. Hatcher, Eagleville, Williamson Co., Tenn. The cover is missing the top backflap and has a small reduction at the left not affecting anything. Very clean appearance and an excellent example of this scarce provisional on cover. $3,250.00
TN346

CSA #3 (5 singles 4 of which were part of a strip of 4) tied together and to the cover by three strikes of the Murfreesboro, Ten CDS 11 DEC 1862. Addressed to Mrs. B. W. Duke Care of Mrs. H. L. McEl--, Charleston, Tenn. The addressee was the wife of CSA General Basil Wilson Duke (1838-1916) who at this time was Colonel of the 2nd Ky Cav (CSA) in Morgan’s command. His wife was the sister of CSA General John Hunt Morgan. However, the address is not in Basil Duke’s handwriting. The sender is unknown as there is no enclosure. The cover is dated about 3 weeks prior to the Second Battle of Murfreesboro (Stones River) on 12/31/1862 in which Morgan’s command took an active role. The cover has been professionally cleaned and with a professional expert restoration at the right side (most likely to restore a rough opening) which includes part of the stamp at the far right. The restoration work does not include any of the postmarks. The restoration work is extremely well done and is very difficult to identify. A Molesworth note on the reverse states that it is an XF cover and makes no mention of the restoration. The cover is listed in the 1998 Warren Census of 2c Green covers, and the restoration is noted in the census. The restoration gives the cover an overall very clean and very fine appearance. $4,000.00
TN350

CSA #56x1 Memphis 2c Blue Provisional with an intense dark blue color shade (margin touches at bottom) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 8 DEC 1861. Addressed locally as a Drop Letter to S. H. Tobey Esq, City. Cover front which has been professionally rebacked to a very fine appearance. Listed on Page 205 of the Crown Survey. $3,000.00
TN352

CSA #7 Horz Pair (small nick at the top center of the right stamp) tied by a full strike of the Shelbyville, Ten CDS 1 APR. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss M. E. Rush, Whitesville, Harris County, Georgia. Very light water staining but still a very clean appearing cover. $125.00
TN353

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins just a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the Morristown, Ten CDS with a second full strike of the CDS to the left 22 JAN (1863). Morristown covers for some unknown reason always have two strikes of the postmark. Coarse brown paper homemade adversity cover. Addressed to Mr. Sam Fain, Mossy Creek, Tenn. Period docketing at the left dates the cover to January 1862 which is incorrect because of the stamps used. Correct year is 1863. Very Fine Cover. $175.00
TN355

Handstamp PAID 10 with the Nashville, Ten CDS Type F all in BLUE 31 OCT 1861. Addressed to Asa Holland, Halesford, Franklin Co., Va. The addressee was the Halesford postmaster. Interesting cover in that there is an inside postal use manuscript “Wilsonville, Ala Pd 5 Oct 26 (1861)” addressed to Mess Graves Marks & Co., Nashville, Tenn. The cover is made from blue-lined notebook paper and appears to be a turned use. More likely the first use was a full folded letter. The letter part was separated, and what was left was used to make a cover for the second use. Very unusual to find such an adversity cover this early in the Confederate period. Very Fine. $475.00
TN356

CSA #56xu1 5c Red Memphis Press-Printed Provisional Envelope with no postal markings. The cover is addressed locally in Tennessee indicating that the cover was hand-carried outside the postal system. An attempt was made some time in the past to erase the address, and most of the address has been eradicated. This was a fairly common practice in the early days of postal history collecting as the families would sometimes erase or cut out or in some other way obliterate the address for privacy reasons before releasing the cover for sale. The cover is otherwise clean and still a scarce item. $750.00
TN358

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin tight on the left) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 25 MAR 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. H. Masters, Huntsville, Alabama. Unobtrusive repair to the lower right corner of the cover with a minor edge stain at lower right. Very clean appearing cover. $200.00
TN359

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) very dry printing (4-Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS with a MAR 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Robinson, Eutaw, Ala. Small cover with an opening reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine. $275.00
TN361

CSA #17xu2 Chattanooga, Ten PAID 5 Provisional 9 JUL 1861. Addressed to Miss C. H. Keith, Athens, Tennessee. Upper right corner repaired which includes a small part of the upper right of the provisional mark. Clear strikes of the postal markings and still quite an attractive and scarce cover. There are only five covers recorded in the Crown Survey. This cover is one of the five reported on Page 405. Ex-Hart. $1,500.00
TN362

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin irregular at the left) tied by the small single rim Clinton, Ten CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Thomas J. Howard, Lexington, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused South Carolina Railroad form displayed flapped down from the upper left corner. Thomas J. Howard enlisted as a private in Co A 56th Ga Inf 4/25/1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at the Battle of Franklin (Ten) 12/17/1864 (the last major action of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and released from the Camp Chase prison 6/13/1865. Very clean cover. $250.00
TN363

Handstamp PAID 5 Type A with the Union City Tennessee CDS. Large circular postmark with negative white letters on a black background which is also dateless. This postmark is recognized as a very distinctive unusual Confederate postmark. Addressed to Miss Mary Elmore, Montgomery, Ala Care J. A. Elmore Esq. Period receiving docketing on the reverse "Recd Oct 4 (1861), Ans Oct 6, 1st Letter after joining the army." There is no enclosure, but the cover is obviously from a soldier who is not identified and most likely a friend or a relative. Mary Elmore married Warren Stone Reese in 1863 who at the time was Capt of Co K 1st Ala Cav and later in 1864 Colonel of  the 12th Ala Cav. After the war Col Reese later served as the Mayor of Montgomery 1881-1885. Very clean cover and a very nice example of this scarce postmark. Signed by Brian Green. $875.00
TN364

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS. Date appears to be 26 DEC (1863) which would make this an example of Chattanooga "Rover" postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel after the fall of the city. Adversity Cover made from a used Southern Express Company Way Bill displayed flapped up from the bottom and flapped over from the right. Addressed to Mr. James H. Barr, Wallstreet (not sure of the designation), Jackson Co., Ga. There is no Wallstreet listed in Jackson County, Georgia. So this must be a local name. However, there is a Wall Station listed in the county. James Hinson Barr (1807-1883) of Jackson County, Georgia had four sons of military age during the war. Cover most likely sent by one of his sons in the Army of Tennessee. Very Fine Adversity Cover. $450.00
TN365

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ten CDS 21 OCT (1862). Addressed to Mr. R. J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga.  Minor back flap opening tear and small spindle holes upper left, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice stamp. $400.00
TN367

CSA #1 (probably Stone 2 but a very dry printing and not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the Whitesburg, Ten CDS with an APR (1862) date. Small but complete cover addressed to Robt J. Lowry Esq., Atlanta, Geo. Very Fine. $300.00
TN368

CSA #1c two singles Stone A/B Olive Green (one with 4 large margins and the other just touching at the lower right) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 20 DEC (1861). Addressed to J. F. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va. Nice stamps and a clean cover. $400.00
TN371

CSA #2 H&L Pos 43 (93) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin affixed sideways) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 18 JUL 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Florida Harn, Tampa, Florida. Any Confederate cover related to Tampa, Florida is scarce. Very clean cover with a reduction at the right. Ex-Powell. $350.00
TN375

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Ten CDS 18 MAY 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. W. Anderson, Pattonsburg, Bot(etort) Co., Va. Postmaster instruction at the lower left "If not here please forward." Very Clean Cover. Ex-Bogg. $175.00
TN378

Stampless Nashville, Ten CDS handstamp PAID 10 Type F all in blue 11 OCT 1861. Addressed to Genl Wm G. Webb, Lagrange, Texas. The addressee was a Brig-Gen of Texas State Troops so his rank was a state rank and not a Confederate rank. Period receiving docketing at the left. Clean cover with a lttle mild edge wear, reduced at left not affecting anything, minor erosions which do not detract, and a small reduction at the right.  $200.00
TN379

CSA #47xu5 partial strike of the Knoxville, Ten PAID 5 Handstamp Provisional marking (CC KNO-TN-E03 Type E). Manuscript date 30 JUL 1861. This cover is the one listed in the Confederate Catalog as the earliest recorded use of this postal marking. Addressed to Mr. James Lynn Kingsport, E. Tennessee via Rogersville. Just a little foxing and some very minor edge wear but still very attractive with the easily recognizable Knoxville provisional mark. There has been some discussion in the past as to whether these Knoxville marks are in fact true provisionals applied in advance or applied at the time of posting. However, they are currently listed in both Scott and the Confederate Catalog and accepted as provisional uses. CSA Certificate 2013. $900.00
TN381

CSA #2 Paterson (margin close at top left) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS with a SEP date. Wallpaper Cover with a brown stylized floral pattern which can be displayed flapped down from the top. Addressed to Capt J. H. Spear, Warsaw, Alabama. Wallpaper covers from Tennessee are not commonly seen especially bearing a 10c Blue Lithograph stamp. Could not find a record on a Capt Spear. May be an old or honorary rank. Or may be a state militia or home guard rank. Appears to be minor spot strengthening of the address, otherwise a very clean appearing cover. $1,000.00
TN383

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close at the top) tied by the Greenville, Ten. CDS 19 MAY. Blue paper cover addressed to James Whitaker, Valley Town, Cherokee Co., NC. Routing instruction at lower left "via Cleveland, Tenn." Back flap opening tears, otherwise a very fine appearance. $125.00
TN385

Stampless Kingston, Ten small single rim CDS 11 APR (1862) with handstmap PAID over manuscript "Paid" with 5(ms) Type A 5(ms). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William J. Hornsby, Chattanooga, Tenn. Very Fine. $150.00
TN387

CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 49 (margin close on the left and with a little edge gum toning) with the BLUE Winchester, Ten CDS 18 JAN (1862). The stamp is tied to the cover by the matching Winchester, Ten BLUE handstamp PAID 5 Type A. This is a scarce mark to begin with and even scarcer used to cancel a stamp. The PAID 5 handstamp paid no postage as the postage was paid by the stamp. Folded lettersheet with the page with the letter removed some time in the past addressed to Mr. E. R. Standy, Town Creek, Ala. $400.00
TN390

Stampless cover with handstamp (Due) "10" and no postmark. The "10" handstamp is compatible with Type F used at Knoxville, Ten. Soldiers Cover addressed to Mr. Hines H. Hall, Montgomery, Alabama Care of Maj Bolling Hall. Endorsed at upper left "J. E. Hall Capt 59 Ala Regt." Notation at bottom left "Favor of  (cannot make out the name due to the handwriting)." Cover started out as handcarried most likely by favor of one of the soldiers in Capt Hall's unit going home on furlough but was instead dropped in the mail as a Soldiers (Due) 10 in Knoxville. The 59th Ala Inf was assigned to the Department of East Tennessee Nov 1863 - May 1864. Very clean cover with a minor reduction at the right where opened.

John Elmore Hall (1842-1882) was Captain of Co B 59th Ala Inf. The cover held a letter he wrote home to his younger brother Hines Holt Hall (1847-1929) in care of his father Major Bolling Hall.(1813-1897). Major Bolling Hall (rank was from the 1836 Creek Indian War) was a major Alabama businessman and plantation owner. Five of his sons fought for the Confederacy
$150.00
TN392

CSA #4 Stone 2 Postion 10 (margin just a little irregular at the right) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS (date not apparent.). Period receiving docketing dates the cover to 28 June 1862 just a few days before the rate change. The receiving docketing indicates that the sender was a relative John T. McEwen. Coarse brown paper cover with a little light surface staining and part of top back flap missing. Still a very presentable cover. $125.00
TN394



CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) affixed on the reverse to seal the back flap (stamps not damaged in opening). The stamps are tied by two different Tennessee town postmarks. One is Strawberry Plains, Tenn (date not apparent). The second CDS tying the stamps is Tullahoma, Ten 30 NOV (1862). Green paper cover addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Black, Tallahassee, Florida Care of Mr. M. Beasly. On the front of the cover is a second partial strike of the Tullahoma, Ten CDS. The cover appears to have originated in Strawberry Plains, Tenn and was missent to Tullahoma, Ten before being sent on to Tallahassee, Florida. Small reduction at the left where opened not affecting anything. Very clean cover.

The cover was sent by Lieut Hugh A. Black (1835-1915) of Co A 6th Fla Inf home to his wife Mary Ann Black whom he married in 1860. Lieut Black, a farmer from Liberty County, Florida, entered service as the 3rd Lieut of Co A 6th Fla Inf 3/12/1862. The 6th Fla Inf was assigned to the Department of East Tennessee (Strawberry Plains is in East Tennessee) July 1862 to September 1863 and then incorporated into the Army of Tennessee in September 1863. Lieut Black is listed as wounded at the Battle of Chickamauga 9/20/1863 but recovered and rejoined his unit in May 1864 taking the Oath of Allegiance after the surrender on 5/10/1865 at Tallahassee.
$200.00
TN395

CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 1-2 (4-Margin). The Position 1 stamp on the left shows the "Leaking N" variety which defines the position and is a 1/50 stamp. The "Leakling N" is not listed as a variety in Scott but is listed as a variety in the CSA Catalog (CC 4-3-v3). The pair is tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn CDS 2- AUG (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Fannie Holland, Big Shanty, Cobb County, Georgia. Very Fine.

According to the 1860 census, the addressee (age 24) was married to Neville Hayne Holland (1832-1862) who is listed on the census as a physician in Big Shanty, Georgia. There is no record that Dr Holland served in the Confederate Army. His date of death is recorded as 23 AUG 1862, but no circumstances are given.
$650.00
TN396

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (margins tight on 3 sides but with a large lower sheet Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 24 NOV 1861 (dated by receiving docketing on the reverse). Manuscript "Paid" at the upper left. Addressed to Genl A. T. Robertson, Bolivar, Tenn. Clean appearing cover reduced at the left not affectng anything.

Original letter remains with the cover. Short letter "This is to notify you that after the expiration of Ellen's month for which I have paid you, I shall not want her anymore." The letter refers to a slave named Ellen who was rented by Gen Robertson and who will be returned when the rental period expires. There is no record of a General A. T. Robertson having served in the military as a general either before or during the war. Alexander Thomas Robertson  (1814-1865) is listed as a lawyer in Bolivar, Tennessee, on the Census of 1860, so the title of "General" must have been honorary. He is also listed as having served as Lt Col of the 22nd Ten Inf, but this was later after the date of this cover.
$1,000.00
TN397

Stampless Soldier's Due 10 cover with a partial strike of an unidentified town CDS and a handstamp Due 10. The Due 10 handstamp is from Memphis, Ten, Type H and is applied over a "Due 5" manuscript. The CDS is not Memphis. Manuscript date in pencil which appears to be period "March 29, 1862" and is consistent with the postal use. Addressed to Miss Mollie Nicholson, Bastrop, Bastrop Co., Texas. Endorsed at top "W. Nicholson private in Co D Texas Rangers (8th Tex Cav)." The unit was first attached to the Army of Central Kentucky and then operated with the Army of Mississippi until the Army of Tennessee was formed. Assuming the date on the cover is correct, the unit would most likely have been somewhere in Mississippi in late March 1862. Much army mail to Texas transitted Memphis during this time prior to the fall of the city, and a Memphis "Due" mark was often applied in transit. It looks as though the Memphis "Due 10" mark re-rated the cover from "Due 5" to "Due 10" for either distance or weight. Small but complete commercially made cover. Unobtrusive edge fault at upper right, top back flap opening tears, and a light mark of a paper clip at the upper left..

William Nicholson (1839-1864) enlisted as a private in Co D 8th Tex Cav 9/1/1861. Pvt Nicholson was killed near Rome, Ga, 10/14/1864. The unit was also known as Terry's Texas Rangers commanded initially by Col Benjamin Franklin Terry (1821-1861) who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Rowlett's Station (Ky) 12/17/1861.
$250.00
TN398

CSA #11a (AD) Milky Blue (4-Margin) tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn CDS 15 JUL 1863. Addressed to Miss Lou S. Johnson, Buck Head, Morgan County, Georgia. Manuscript at top center "Missent & forwarded from Pinckneyville Ga July 18th." Wallpaper cover with a flashy geometric design in blue and red. Very Fine. $1,500.00
TN399

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with the Nashville, Ten CDS and handstamp (Due) "5" Type G all in BLUE 16 DEC (1861). Additional “Due 5” handstamp applied in Memphis, Ten Type G as the cover transitted Memphis on its way to Mississippi. Unclear why the second "Due 5" was added as the cover is not overweight and did not travel over 500 miles. Endorsed at upper left “Soldiers Letter From Jas Martin a private in the Oakachickama” and addressed to Rev John C. Martin, Graysport, Yalobusha Co., Miss. Oakachickama was a town in Yalobusha County which no longer exists today. Garysport also no longer exists today. "Oakachickama" is most likely a nickname for a company in a regiment that was raised in that area of Yalobusha County. The cover is a folded letter signed James T. Martin complete from a soldier son writing home to his father letting everyone at home know that he is well and asking for some money and more. Few folds reinforced from the inside with nearly invisible archival tape, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Boshwit.

Records of Mississippi and Tennessee CSA soldiers are notoriously sketchy with very little information available. The collector who previously owned the cover supplied the following information -- Pvt James Martin enlisted in 1861 in Co K 34th Ten Inf (also known as the 4th Ten Inf). Co K was made up of men from Mississippi and was commanded by Capt James E. Martin (not the same person who sent the letter but perhaps a relative). Co K transferred to the 2nd Miss Inf Batt in July 1862 which subsequently became the 48th Miss Inf regiment in June 1863. I am unable to verify this as no specific information on Pvt James T. Martin could be found.
$450.00
TN400

Stampless PAID cover with a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS (date not apparent) and matching BLUE handstamp PAID Type A (no rate). Cover dated to 6 NOV 1861 by period receiving docketing at the left. Semi-Official Imprint "Headquarters Western Department, Official Business" (CC WD-ZA-33). Addressed to A. L. Alexander Esqr for Mrs. Gilmer, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia. Based on the handwriting, the cover was sent by CSA Lt Col Jeremy F. Gilmer to his wife in care of his father-in-law. Very clean cover. Ex- Brian Green with his notation on the back.

The Confederates did not have an official "Western Department" designation as no such reference can be found to such a Confederate military department. But the USA had such a designation which in the summer of 1861 included western Kentucky. The Union "Western Department" went out of existence on 11/9/1861 which is the date of this cover. This is very probably a Union imprint and not a Confederate imprint which helps to explain why the imprint is lined through. There are two additional covers with this same imprint recorded with Confederate use from Bowling Green, Ky, These two additional covers are from the same correspondence dated 25 OCT (1861) and 9 NOV (1861). It appears that Col Gilmer (Later Maj-Gen in 1863) found these imprinted covers most likely in Bowling Green and used them for his personal correspondence home to his wife. The cover appears to be a captured Union imprinted cover and is associated with a later very prominent CSA general. I cannot prove positively that this is a Union imprint because I cannot find a postally used Union or pre-war example of the imprint. The only recorded uses that I could find are Confederate from the same personal correspondence. The evidence is compelling that this is "CSA Use of a Union Imprint." My research article, "Headquarters Western Department Semi-Official Imprint," on this imprint was published in the Second Quarter 2021 issue of the Civil War Philatelist. Click the title of you wish to read the full article. One of the additional two covers in this correspondence is listed in the Kentucky section as KY39.

Jeremy Francis Gilmer (1818-1883), an 1839 West Point graduate, was a pre-war US Army Engineer officer. At the beginning of the war, he was commissioned as a CSA Engineer Officer and served as a Lt Col on the staff of General Albert S. Johnston as Chief Engineer of Confederate Military Department No. 2 which included the Western Theater. He was known to have been in Bowling Green in Oct-Nov 1861. He was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh but recovered. In 1862 he was promoted Colonel and became Chief of the Engineer Bureau in the Confederate War Department. In 1863, he was promoted from Colonel directly to Major-General without having been a Brigadier-General and later assisted in the defences of Charleston and Atlanta. Gen Gilmer was considered by many to be the best military engineer in Confederate service. After the war, he engaged in railroad activities and was president of the Savannah Gaslight Company. The handwriting on the three covers known to me with this imprint is clearly that of Gen Gilmer early in his Confederate service.
$850.00
SOLD

TN402
10/30/2021
CSA #7 two singles from the same sheet paying the 10c rate. Both stamps 4-Margin with sheet margins with one being the Position 91 stamp. Tied by two strikes of the Murfreesboro, Ten CDS 13 DEC 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Dora Packer, Bunea (Buena) Vista, Monroe Co., Ala. Very crude homemade Adversity Cover fashioned from part of a newspaper page. The  cover has been opened for display. The newspaper part page itself is very interesting with snippets of war news such as "...In the hotly contested fight, the regiment was led by Captain Morehead who had five horses shot under him..." Extremely interesting cover. Have not seen a cover made from a newspaper before. Two very nice stamps but some soiling to the cover as expected and a vertical file fold. Does display very well when folded out and can easily be exhibited, Ex-Brandon.

The addressee, Theodora (Dora) E. Snell Packer (1845-1915) was the wife of Senaca H. Packer (1833-1867) who served as a private in Co K 3rd Ala Cav and is the most likely sender of this cover home to his wife. Nothing remains of Pvt Packer's military record except that he is listed on Alabama records as last paid on 10/31/1863.
$850.00

TN404
11/11/2021
CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y (small pre-affixing clip to the upper left corner) tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn CDS with a FEB 1863 date. Light green paper cover addressed to Hon A. G. Welcker, Cleveland, Tenn. Very clean cover. Ex-Kaufmann.

Albert Gallatin Welcker (1823-1868) was a prominent lawyer in East Tennessee. His papers are archived at the University of Tennessee Library in Knoxville, Tennessee.
$400.00


-- TEXAS --

TX130

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Houston, Tex CDS Dietz Type B (date not apparent). Endorsed across the top “From Sergt J. E. Wallis 20th (Elmores) Texas Regt.” Clean coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Kate Wallis Chappell Hill, Texas. The 20th Texas Regt essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. Very Fine.
$250.00
TX157

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Galveston, Tex double circle CDS (usual weak strike but easily recognizable) Dietz Type C 21 OCT 1863. Endorsed at upper right “From J. M. Seymour Comp C 2nd Tex Vol Inf.” Addressed to Mrs. John Adriance Columbia Brazoria County, Texas. The 2nd Tex Inf was surrendered and paroled at Vicksburg in JUL 1863. The regiment was declared exchanged in SEP 1863 and reorganized in the Galveston area. Very clean cover from the Adriance Correspondence.
$250.00
TX170

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by a partial strike of the Larissa, Tex CDS 8 FEB (1865). Folded Letter complete written on lined notebook paper and confirms the 1865 Larissa usage. Addressed to Genl Hayden H. Edwards Nacogdoches, Tex. Hayden H. Edwards was a very prominent Nacogdoches citizen and businessman at the time. He was active in the Texas Independence from Mexico movement in the 1830’s. The title of “General” was honorary and not related to the Confederate Army. The letter itself is entirely business and concerns a land deal. Excellent CSA Texas 1865 usage and a very late Texas usage for these stamps from an obscure town in Cherokee County. Very Fine.
$400.00
TX199

“Paid” in manuscript (no rate) with the Courtney, Tex CDS 24 FEB (1863). Folded Letter complete to Mrs Ema E. Allen Washington, Texas. The letter gives the exact year date. The letter is a lengthy letter from a lady to her sister. Very poignant letter as the writer is despondent over the recent death of a loved one (presumably her husband). Cover is very clean and represents somewhat obscure Texas usage from Grimes County. The folded letter is actually written in a ledger page, and the interior folds are quite fragile. But the folds have been reinforced with archival quality tape. Very Fine appearance.
$300.00
TX214

Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with a full strike of the Jefferson, Tex CDS Dietz Type I 10(ms) 14 NOV (1861). Cover is from the well-known Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence. A little light foxing but otherwsie a Very Fine appearance.
$325.00
TX235

Handstamp PAID 10 with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS Dietz Type IC 6 APR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. H. L. Rankin Esq, Hempstead, Texas. Clean cover reduced a bit at the right and a sealed edge tear bottom center.
$150.00
TX260

Folded Letter complete with a partial strike of the Navasota, Tex CDS with no rate addressed to San Felipe, Texas. The letter is written in old German script (a large community of German immigrants lived in Texas at this time) and clearly dates the usage to MAY 1863. A second letter from the same correspondence dated JUL 1864 is included with the cover. The letters have been transcribed and translated by a university professor who can read the old German handwriting. Unfortunately, the transcripts are no longer with the letters. The letters are between husband and wife, Gustav and Justiny Friedrich.  Gustav is apparently with the soldiers as he states that he has been through eight battles. However, there is no record of a Gustav Friedrich serving in the Confederate Army. From the letters, he appears to be a teamster and may be a civilian hired contractor or perhaps a member of the militia. War period Confederate letters from German immigrants are not common as many are in the archives or still with the families. Few minor sealed internal tears but otherwise a very clean folded letter.
$250.00
TX275

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Anderson, Tex CDS 14 FEB addressed to Mr. T. W. House, Houston, Tex.  Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper and datelined Head Qrts 1st Reg Texas Reserves Camp Robertson near Plantersville, Tex and dated 12 FEB 1865. Nice late usage.  The short letter dealing with cotton is written and signed by James W. Barnes (1815-1892) who was the Lieut Col of the 4th Tex Inf State Troops 1863-1864 and at the end of the war was the Colonel of theTexas Reserve Corps.  Very Fine. $300.00
TX279

Manuscript Soldiers “Due 10” with no other postal markings.  Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Tex.  Endorsed at upper left “From J. P. Osterhout Adjt 4th Tex S(tate) T(roops).”  The 4th Tex Inf State Troops was a home guard unit organized in 1863 for six months service.  Other endorsed covers in the Osterhout correspondence places the unit in the Houston area which is most likely where this cover originated.  A non contemporary notation most likely referring to the original letter which is no longer with the cover dates the cover to DEC 1863.  Very clean cover. $200.00
TX311

CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 22-23 (irregular margins and preaffixing faults) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 13 JUL (1862). Orange paper cover reduced at the left about 1/2” not affecting anything. Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. The Stone 3 stamp used in Texas is not commonly seen. $600.00
TX312

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 22 OCT. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. Reduced at left about 1 inch. Very clean cover. $350.00
TX313

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margins a little close) tied by the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS 2 MAR (1865). Very late Use. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Horace V. Freeman, Bandera, Texas. Receiving docketing on the front of the cover “Rec’d Mar 15, 1865” confirms the year of use. A little edge wear but still a very clean cover. $400.00
TX325

CSA #40xu2 Houston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the posvisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 17 OCT 1862. Black bordered commercially made Mourning Cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brezoria County, Texas. Cover with part of backflap missing, edge wear at the right, and a clipped upper right corner not affecting the postal markings which are quite strong for the Houston provisional. $850.00
 TX326

CSA #70xu2 Richmond, Texas PAID 10 Provisional with the provisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 13 OCT (1863). Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper which dates the cover to 1863. Addressed to W. P. Ballinger, Houston, Texas. The letter is about the sickness of one Col Potter and goes into deep detail about the illness. There is also an interesting period notation on the back of the cover concerning a runaway slave named Cyrus. This cover is Ex-Phillips and is listed on Page 310 of the Crown Survey. Somewhat weak, as is usual, strike of the red provisional mark but still quite legible and an otherwise Very Fine and scarce cover. CSA Certificate 1981. Refer to recent article in The Confederate Philatelist concerning stampless provisional covers with charge box notations.
$1,500.00
TX328

Handstamp PAID 10 with no postmark and a "Charge Box 66" notation. Folded Letter complete which identifies the town of origin as Clarksville, Texas and dates the use to 17 NOV 1863. This is the Type B Clarksville handstamp as illustrated in the new CSA Catalog. Addressed to Saml F. Mosley Esqr, Jefferson, Texas. The letter is a short business letter and deals with the payment of taxes on sugar. When unfolded, the letter paper is a bit rough on the left side, but this is removed from sight when the cover is folded to a very clean appearance. Clarksville was the Court House of Red River County. $250.00
TX333

Handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A with the Owensville, Tex CDS 24 DEC. Full Military Address to Maj L. C. Scogin, 3rd Cavalry Battalion, Texas State Troops, Sabine Pass, Texas. Routing instruction manuscript at lower left "Please forward immediately." No evidence that  the cover was forwarded. The addressee is in the records as Lewis Grissom Scoggins (1822-1874). He joined the 3rd Cav Batt Texas State Troops in late 1863. The regiment was mustered out in early 1864 and saw no combat. Some period staining at the lower left corner, but otherwise Very Fine. $400.00
TX334

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 38 (4-Margin with just a little gum toning at the top edge) tied by a weak strike of the Belton, Tex CDS 1 JUN (1862) with a second stronger strike of the same CDS to the left. Adveristy Cover as the stamp was affixed directly over the embossing of a 3c Red Star Die. The stamp has been lifted and moved to the left so that the Star Die can be demonstrated. Addressed to Mrs. Junius W. Smith, Fort Worth Tarrant County, Texas via Dallas. The adressee was the wife of a prominent attorney in the area. Covers referenceing both Fort Worth and Dallas together at this time are very scarce as the major town in the area during the war was Weatherford in Parker County. Cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise a Very Fine Adversity Cover. Ex-Kramer. $900.00
TX335

"Paid 10" manuscript with a full strike of the Bonham, Texas CDS 28 AUG. Small commercially made Lady's type cover with an embossed floral design at the left. Trans-Mississippi use to Mrs. M. A. Avery, Acworth, Cobb County, Georgia. Erosion hole in the floral design which is unobtrusive, otherwise a very clean appearance. $300.00
TX337

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin with an extremelt minor margin fault at the lower right corner) tied by an unusually clear strike of the New Braunfels, Tex CDS 1 DEC. Blue paper folded cover (lettersheet with the letter part of the cover removed)  addressed to J. H. Thurmond Esqr, San Antonio (Texas). Very Fine. $325.00
TX339

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin) and CSA #7 (4-Margin) Combination Use to make the 10c rate tied together and to the cover by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 5 NOV 1862. Addressed to Mr. L. White Esqr, Corsicana, Navarro Co., Texas. Very clean cover with a minor reduction on the right and minor edge faults. Scarce Texas use. Ex-Tate. $850.00
TX340

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) canceled and tied by the manuscript postal markings "Fairfield Tex Apl 5." Somewhat obscure use from Freestone County. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Dr. Benj F. Blackmon, Co A Timmon's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address was Waul's Texas Legion commanded by Col Barnard Timmons (1835-1884) from Sept 1863 to the end of the war. The unit was guarding the Texas coast stationed at this time at Galveston. Benjamin Franklin Blackmon, although a doctor, served as a private in the Legion. Cover is complete and clean and shows only a little edge wear. $300.00
TX341

CSA #12 (AD) (margins tight top and bottom) tied by the Austin, Tex small double circle CDS (date not fully apparent but receiving docketing dates the cover to 6 JAN 1865). Military Address to Col Ben Allston, Ins. Gen, T.M.D (Inspector General Trans-Mississippi Department), Shreveport, La. Benjamin Allston (1833-1900), an 1853 graduate of West Point, was a South Carolina rice planter and an Episcopal minister. Beginning in March 1861, he had service in a number of different units (cavalry) and was promoted Colonel 5/15/1862. He was captured as a POW at Harrodsburg Kentucky 10/10/1862 while commanding the 3rd Brigade of Tennessee Cavalry and was exchanged 12/4/1862. He later joined General Kirby-Smith's staff as the Trans-Mississippi Department Inspector General. Very clean cover reduced slightly at the left. $250.00
TX343

Turned Cover from the Neblett Correspondence - First Use (inside) Galveston, Tex (stamp missing) to Wm H. Neblett Esqr, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Second Use (outside)_ CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (margin tight at right) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co, Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf (same unit at TX342 above) commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Very Clean Cover. Ex-Hill. $350.00
TX344

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 2 JUN. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co (I), Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
TX345

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 4 DEC (1863). Folded Letter complete written on blue lined notebook paper and addressed to Col S. M. Noble, Nacogdoches, Texas. The letter is from Capt W. F. Thompson and is part personal and partly deals with the disposition of conscripts. Sebron M. Noble was the Lt Col of the 17th Tex Cav. Col Noble was killed-in-action at the Battle of Mansfield (Louisiana) 4/8/1864. The Battle of Mansfield was part of the Red River Campaign when Union forces attempted to capture Shreveport, La. W. F. Thompson was Captain of Co C 17th Tex Cav. No further record. Very Fine folded letter. $250.00
TX346

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin but with pre-affixing faults) tied by the small single rim Sabine Pass, Tex CDS 2 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Celina Duncan, Liberty, Texas. Sabine Pass was an important military site on the Texas coast near Port Arthur and the site of two battles (1862 and 1863) when the Union forces attempted to invade Texas but were beaten back. Cover most likely from a soldier in the area to his wife at home. The cover is complete but shows light foxing, edge and corner wear, and a sealed edge tear at the lower right. Still a presentable cover with a scarce Texas postmark. $400.00 
TX347

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 23 (margins irregular with pre-affixing faults and gum staining at the lower right) tied by the small single rim Uvalde, Tex CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Miss Vicroria Cliett, Prairie Lee PO, Caldwell Co., Texas. Cover with sealed edge tears at the right. Despite the stamp faults and the sealed tear, the cover has an overall very clean appearance and is very presentable with a scarce Texas postmark. The CSA #4 stamp is not commonly seen used in Texas. $400.00 
TX348

CSA #1 Stone 1 Olive Green (not plated) (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching partial strike of the Bastrop, Tex CDS to the left 8 JAN 1862. Addressed to R. J. Palmer, Millican, Texas. Cover is clean but shows some edge and corner wear with a minor old repair at the top edge. Ex- VanDyk MacBride with his unsigned notation on the reverse. $250.00
TX349

Stampless Soldier's "due 10" manuscript with no other postal markings. Endorsed at top left "H. A. Keenan 5th Texas Regt Co (D) Robertson's Brigade, Hood's Division." Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smither, Huntsville, Texas. The 5th Tex Inf was an ANV unit. Therefore, the cover originated either in Virginia or perhaps in East Tennesse after the Battle of Chickamauga. The regiment was part of Robertson's Brigade for only a limited time May 1863- Sept 1863 which narrows the date for this cover. The 5th Texas Regiment operated its own military express service beginning in 1862 (Edey's 5th Texas Regiment Express). Pvt Edey, who operated the service, devised printed lables for the service which are very scarce with the latest recorded use in October 1862. Pvt Edey was wounded and captured as a POW at Gettysburg. The service was possibly carried on after Edey's capture by Sgt W. U. Bayles. More about this on Page 265 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover, which is most likely not long after the Fall of Vicksburg, may have used the regimental express service with the cover handcarried by a soldier across the Mississippi and then posted somewhere on the other side of the river where the "due 10" manuscript was applied for delivery on to Huntsville, Texas. But a postmark was not applied. This cannot be proven without a postmark, but appears to be the most likely scenario at this time. Pvt W. A. Keenan was accidentally wounded in the ankle at Darbeytown Road (Va) 10/7/1864 and granted a wound furlough to return home to Texas but never returned and was ultimately declared AWOL. The regimental Sergt-Major was J. M. Smither who was wounded in the head at Chickamauga but survived the war. Perhaps Pvt Keenan sent this cover back to Huntsville, Texas to a Smither relative to inform them that the Sergt-Major had been wounded. Top edge wear and part of top back flap missing. Very interesting cover which could benefit from further Texas research.    $400.00
TX351

Stampless El Paso, Tex CDS (partial strike) soldier's "Due 10" manuscript with a MAR (1862) date. Endorsed at left "Surgeon Bracht C.S.A." This is a Confederate Army of New Mexico Sibley Expedition Cover as Dr Felix Bracht (an immigrant from Germany) was the expedition surgeon. Reportedly one of two known letters from Dr. Bracht. This is a lengthy folded letter complete to Dr Bracht's wife in New Braunfels, Texas. The letter is written in 19th century German and has not been translated. The letter is fragile and must be handled with extreme care. Fold separations have been reinforced on the inside with modern nearly invisible archival tape. Confederate El Paso, Texas covers are very scare, especially those covers tied to the Sibley Expedition. The Confederate Army evacuated the El Paso area and left it to the Union in July 1862. $950.00
TX352

CSA #7 (two singles margins a little irregular) tied by the Richmond, Tex CDS 12 DEC with a second strike of the same CDS to the right. Addressed to Rt Revd Alex Gregg DD, Austin, Texas. The addressee was the Bishop of the Protestant-Episcopal Diocese of Texas. Part of a folded letter front only. $100.00
TX354

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin) tied by a partial but recognizable strike of the small double circle Austin, Texas CDS 18 MAY. Green paper cover addressed to Doct John Moore, Henderson's Mills, Greene County, Tennessee. Very minor reduction at the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
TX355

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor edge gum toning) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Hem(p)stead (Texas) Mar 4, 1865." Folded Letter Complete (appears to be business related) addressed to T. W. House, Houston, Texas. Dateline of the letter and period receiving docketing all confirm the late 1865 use. The addressee was a wealthy Houston banker and businessman and served as Mayor of Houston in 1862. The letter is written on blue lined notebook paper roughly torn at the left, but the letter is completely intact. $350.00
TX356

Stampless cover with the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS (no rate)  6 FEB (1863). A stampless Brownsville is not cataloged with no rate. The year of use is confirmed by period receiving docketing. Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Mr. Franz Pressler, Austin City, Texas. Included with the cover is a lengthy letter written in 19th century German which has not been translated. The letter does not go with this cover as it is datelined "Camp Wharton, Brazoria County, Texas" and dated December 24, 1863 (over 10 months after the Brownsville postmark). But the letter is from the same correspondence as it is written to "Lieber Franz" the same name as the addresse of the cover. Brazoria County is on the Texas coast south of Galveston but not near Brownsville. Camp Wharton was a military camp and may have also been a camp of instruction. The letter may yield some interesting information it it could be translated. Some minor light staining and some minor edge wear, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. $350.00
TX357

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin just in at the top) Pen-Cancel and tied by a pen stroke and manuscript "Flora Texas May 8 (1862)." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs Mary J Cheek, Weatherford PO, Parker Co., Texas. Very obscure use. Flora, Texas in Smith County (northeast Texas) was established in 1843 and a post office opened in 1849. Flora is listed as a CSA post office but does not appear in the new CSA catalog. The area thrived for awhile but went downhill with the Civil War, and Flora, Texas became a Ghost Town in the 1870's. This is the only cover I have ever seen from Flora, Texas. Unknown how many there are buried in Texas collections, but there cannot be many. Minor edge wear at the bottom, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. Old CSA Certificate from 1968 signed by Morris Everett. $750.00
TX358

Stampless cover with a weak but recognizable strike of the Caldwell, Tex CDS dated 7 DEC (1861) and handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A all in BLUE which is listed in the CSA catalog as an unsupported listing. This cover certainly supports the listing. Folded plain lettersheet (the page with the letter has been removed some time in the past) addressed to Rev Joel T. Daves, Waco, Texas. The addressee was the pastor of the Waco Methodist Church at the beginning of the war. Very clean cover. $200.00
TX360

CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Jacksonville, Texas April 14th (most likely 1864)." Addressed to E. H. Brooks, Logansport, La (not Trans-Mississippi). Very Fine. $250.00
TX363
1/12/2021
CSA #98xu3 Galveston, Tex Stampless PAID 10 Provisional with somewhat weak but recognizable strikes of the postal markings (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Susan E. Scott, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. "Lake Creek Box" at lower left of unknown significance. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading for 2 cases of sardines, 18 coils of rope, and 25 bags of coffee shipped from New York and bound for Lavaca, Texas. Very clean cover.

The cover is part of the Scott-Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson as the addressee was married to John Newton Scott (no record of Confederate service) who was the brother of Lizzie Neblett.
$1,500.00

Two Galveston, Tex stampless provisional covers CSA #98xu2 from the same well-known Neblett Correspondence about one month apart. The covers were sent by William Henry Neblett (1826-1871) home to his wife "Lizzie" Scott Neblett. William Henry Neblett enlisted as a private in Co I 20th Tex Inf 3/9/1863. The unit essentially spent the war guarding theTexas coast at Galveston. In December 1863, Pvt Neblett was detailed to the Adjutant General's Office in Galveston. The Neblett Correspondence is well documented and contains quite a number of different covers between Galveston and Anderson including provisionals. Both provisional covers are adversity made from the same used Galveston ship's Bill of Lading form.
TX324

CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1994 CSA Certificate.
$1,500.00
TX364

CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1997 CSA Certificate. $1,500.00

TX365

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue tied by the Houston, Tex CDS 1 AUG (1864). Addressed to Mrs. Jane Holland, Danville, Texas. The original letter is included written on blue letter paper. The letter is datelined "Hd Quarts Labor Bureau, Houston Aug 1st 1864." The letter reads "Madam: Your boy "John" was drowned from off board "Steamer Diana" Galveston. The particulars of the case I cannot give. He was drowned July 25th, 1864." The letter is signed "F.H. Rice, Lt & Chief Labor Bureau." Lieut (later Captain) F. A. Rice was a member of the Texas Houston Local Defense Infantry. The boy "John" in the letter would seem to refer to a slave of that name loaned or hired out to the Confederate Labor Bureau, and the letter informs the slave's owner that he apparently fell overboard from the Steamer Diana in Galveston and drowned. Very interesting item and could bear further research. Clean cover with a light central vertical file fold.
$500.00
TX366

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with handstamp (Due) 10 without a postmark. Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Austin County, Texas. Endorsed at upper left "From J. P. Osterhout Adj 4th Inf ST." The handstamp "10" is similar to the Army of Tennessee field (Due) 10 mark Type ATN-07. However, it is not an Army of Tennessee mark. Very Fine, Ex Bleuler, Ex Kaufmann.

John Patterson Osterhout (1826-1903) enlisted as a private in the 4th Tex Inf State Troops 12/1/1863. This was a 6 month militia regiment that disbanded in early 1864. The unit remained in Texas and was not part of the Army of Tennessee. Most likely the cover originated somewhere in Texas wherever the unit happened to be as there are several Texas towns that had a similar "10" handstamp. A detailed biography of John P. Osterhout is included with the cover.
$200.00
TX367

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with handstamp DUE 10 without a postmark, Addressed to Mrs. Pamela Ann Holebrook, Woodville Post Office, Tyler County, Texas. Endorsed "From Samuel H. Holebrook in Co B 17 Consolidated Reg Dismounted Cavalry, Texas." Minor edge wear, otherwise Very Fine Ex Myerson.

The 17th Tex Cav has a complicated history. The regiment was dismounted in April 1862, and most of the regiment was captured at Arkansas Post 1/11/1863. After exchange, the regiment ended up consolidated with a number of other units through to the end of the war. The regiment remained in the Trans-Mississippi, and later with the Army of Tennessee. The "DUE 10" handstamp is not a listed Army of Tennessee soldiers due field mark. The cover is undated, and the "DUE 10" mark, which is not particularly distinctive, could have come from almost anywhere in the Trans-Mississippi where the regiment happened to be. No information on the soldier who sent the cover. Certainly bears further research.
$200.00
TX369

Stampless cover with the San Antonio, Tex PAID integral CDS Type B and handstamp PAID 5 23 DEC (1861) all in RED. This San Antonio red PAID 5 handstamp is an unlisted use in the new CSA catalog. Military Address to Captain E. C. Wharton, Army Depot, Houston, Texas. Capt E. C. Wharton was a quartermaster at the Houston Army Depot and Chief of the Texas Clothing Bureau during the war. Original Letter is enclosed which is a lengthy letter from a wife to her husband. The contents of the letter confirm the 1861 date. Minor stain and edge fault bottom center. Letter with a few fold separations sealed with archival tape. Full and strong strikes of the postal markings. Very scarce Texas CSA postal use.
$600.00
TX370

Stampless cover with the Victoria, Tex CDS and a handstamp PAID 5 Type B (the "5" is well struck, but the PAID is only partially struck just to the left of the "5") 5 SEP 1861 all in RED-BROWN. Blue paper Folded Letter Complete (no war or political content) which confirms the 1861 date. Addressed to J. W. Caldwell Esq, Petersburgh, LaVaca County, Texas.Very Fine. Ex-Deaton, Ex-Hill. $450.00
TX371

Stampless Soldiers Due cover with no postmark and a handstamp (Due) 10. Adversity Cover made from a printed unused army form addressed to Mrs. Mattie Duff, Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas. Endorsed at top right "From Geo W. Duff Co A Browns Regt." The printed form is double sided, so part of the printing is on the outside of the cover. The top back flap has been resealed, and the cover has not been cut for display. The unit in the address is the 35th Tex Cav commanded by Col Reuben R. Brown. This unit was organized in September 1863 and assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department spending its time mostly within Texas and then in 1864 in Louisiana. Since there is no postmark and no enclosure, there is no indication of the exact origin of the cover. The "10" handstamp is quite generic, so it could have come from anywhere. Given the unit's history, the cover most likely originated somewhere in Texas or Louisiana. The "10" handstamp was not applied on arrival in Columbia as it is not consistent with the "10" handstamp listed as used in Columbia, Texas. Very Fine. Ex-Kaufmann.

George Washington Duff (1839-1890) (listed as a lawyer in Columbia, Texas, on the 1860 census) entered service as 1st Lieut of Co A 35th Tex Cav on 9/1/1863 when the regiment was formed. After the war, he returned to Columbia and is buried there.

Reuben Robinson Brown (1808-1890) came to Texas in 1835 and fought for Texas independence with a very colorful history during the War for Texas Independence. At the time of the Civil War, he owned a plantation near the mouth of the Brazos River. He had service in several units before getting his own regiment (35th Tex Cav) in September 1863. A detailed biography of Reuben Robinson Brown is included with the cover.
$550.00
TX372

Stampless Paid cover with the San Antonio, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type E 19 DEC. Addressed to Mrs. G. W. Kendall, Boerne, Texas. Minor reduction at the top where opened, otherwise Very Fine.

The addressee, Adeline de Valcourt Kendall (1830-1924) was the wife of George Wilkins Kendall (1809-1867), born in New Hampshire, who was a prominent journalist and author. He co-founded the New Orleans Picayune newspaper in 1837 and is considered the first American modern war correspondent for his coverage of the Mexican War 1846-1848. He also had an extensive sheep ranch operation in the vicinity of Boerne, Texas which he established in the 1850's. They had three sons, but none were old enough to have served in the war. His efforts led very much to the growth and development of the Texas county in which he lived that the county was named Kendall County in his honor in 1862.
$350.00
TX373

Stampless Paid cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 (postal use is not listed in the current CSA catalog) 31 July (1861). Folded Letter Complete which dates the cover to 1861. Addressed to G. W. Sentell Esq, Collinsburgh, La (Bossier Parish). The letter is fragile with interior fold splits sealed with archival tape and insect damage with nibbling at the top center.

George Washington Sentell (1823-1895) was a prominent merchant in Bossier Parish, La and aslo owned cotton plantations in Louisiana and Arkansas. The letter is from his brother John B. Sentell (1820-1873) and is datelined "China Grove July the 29th / 61." The letter talks about the crops (expecially cotton) and how poor the crops are this year because it is so dry and hot and other family news with no political or war references. What is interesting is that China Grove, Texas, is in Bexar County just east of San Antonio which is a long way from Jefferson, Texas, in Marion County in northeast Texas. The letter was apparently handcarried from China Grove to Jefferson (400+ miles) where it was mailed to continue on to Collinsburgh, Lousiana. (only about 55 miles from Jefferson, Texas).
$350.00
TX374

USA #26 with a Grid Cancel and the matching small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS at the lower left 5 FEB 1861 (four days after the Texas Ordinance of Secession was passed). Addressed to Miss Fannie H. Fletcher, Granville, Licking County, Ohio. Lady's stationery cover with edge embossing around the flaps on the back. Very Fine.

This cover illustrates a problem in current Texas Confederate collecting. Texas passed the Ordinance of Secession on 1 FEB 1861 which was appoved by the people by a referendum vote on 23 FEB 1861 to take effect 2 MAR 1861. Texas joined the CSA 5 MAR 1861. Texas historians, perfectly aware of the language of the ordinance, have long held that 1 FEB 1861 was the de facto date of secession because with the passage of the ordinance, Texas began immediately to act like a seceded state (sending representatives to the Confederate provisional congress, seizing federal property, taking steps to oust Unionist Governor Sam Houston etc). Texas joined the CSA on 5 MAR 1861. All prior Dietz CSA catalogs have included February 1861 as part of the USA Used in Independent (seceded) Texas period and recognized 1 FEB 1861 as the date of secession. That changed with the new CSA catalog. It was decided to literally interpret the Ordinance of Secession and totally drop February 1861 from the USA Used in Independent Texas period. This limited that period to only three days 2-4 MAR 1861 with the date of secession changed to 2 MAR 1861 which is technically correct. But that did not sit well with many Texas postal history collectors and is not in accord with most Texas historians acceptance of the 1 FEB 1861 date. So Texas collectors simply have to choose what they want to collect as the controversy continues. This is still a scarce use from February 1861 and in my opinion should be considered as part of the Confederate period for Texas (perhaps best described as a transitional period) as it is after the Ordinance of Secession was adopted by the state legislature.
$300.00
TX375

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Austin, Tex CDS 25 OCT. Coarse borwn paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Mrs Elisabeth P. Holt, Matagorda, Matagorda, Texas. Minor reduction at the left where opened and a repair to the left lower corner. Very clean appearing cover Ex-Powell.$150.00
TX376

CSA #11 (AD) (margin close on the left) tied by the Bonham, Tex (Fannin County) CDS 1 MAY. Yellow paper cover addressed to Col. B. H. Epperson, Clarksville, Texas. Minor edge wear at the bottom left. Very clean cover.

Benjamin Holland Epperson (1821-1878) was a prominent Texas politician and businessman who came to Texas from Mississippi in 1847. He settled in Clarksville and practised law. The title of "Col" was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. He was elected to the Second Texas Legislature in 1847 and ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1851. In the 1850's he became involved with the proposed Memphis, El Paso, and Pacific Railroad, and by 1860 he was one of the richest men in Texas. A staunch Unionist, he worked to keep Texas in the Union and advised Governor Sam Houston to accept the troops offered by Lincoln in March 1861. When secession became a reality, he did support the Confederate cause. He continued to be active in politics after the war and moved to Jefferson, Texas in 1871. He built his home in Jefferson known as the House of the Seasons which can still be seen today and is open to the puiblic for tours and is an operational bed and breakfast.
$300.00

TX377
7/27/2021
Stampless cover with the Eagle Pass, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate ) Type A  OCT (1864). Addressed to -- Rosenberg, Esq, Houston, Texas. From the same family correspondence as TX378 below. This is a cross-border folded letter datelined "Matamoros 28 September 1864." The letter originated in Matamoros, Mexico, and was carried most likely under a separate cover to Monterey, Mexico, (the usual transfer point in Mexico to Eagle Pass) as there are no other postal markings and no forwarding agent's mark and then on to Eagle Pass from Monterey. Or less likely the cover was carried privately directly from Matamoros cross-border to Eagle Pass and may or may not have transited Monterey. The letter entered the Confederate mail in Eagle Pass for delivery to Houston. Brownsville, Texas, the usual transfer point from Matamoros was occupied by the Union November 1863 - July 1864, and cross-border mail was routed further west through Monterey and  Eagle Pass. Scarce cross-border use from Matamoros to Houston (possibly via Monterey) and via Eagle Pass. The letter is lengthy and written in old German 19th century script which has not been translated, so have no idea what is in the content of the letter. The letter was also written on thin letter paper and is fragile with multiple areas of ink erosions (some reinforced with archival tape) secondary to the acidic ink of the period.  Best to leave the letter folded and avoid too much handling.

The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
$500.00

TX378
7/27/2021

Stampless cover with the Victoria, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A 16 SEP (1862). Addressed to C. Rosenberg Esq, Houston, Harris Co., Texas. From the same family correspondence as TX377 above. Folded letter in English from the addressee's cousin. The letter is lengthy about family matters and traveling to Brownsville. Thin letter paper commercially made with an embossed crown stationer's mark at the upper left corner, but multiple pieces of the letter are missing. The missing pieces of the letter are not noticeable when the letter is folded.

The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
$250.00

TX380
10/30/2021
Stampless cover with the small single rim Lockhart, Tex CDS with an 11 OCT 1864 date and manuscript "Paid 10". Addressed to C. Brockman Esq, Col(lector) Dis(trict) 90, Fredericksburg(h), Texas. Folded Letter written on lined notebook paper which is a listing of land valuations for tax assessments. Minor toning and foxing, but still quite clean.$275.00

TX381
11/7/2021
CSA #1 Vert Pair Stone 1 Position 45 (top stamp) and Position 5 (lower stamp) (Margins just in at right and close at bottom with several transient printing flaws CC1-1-v7.) The vertical pair of stamps straddles the upper and lower transfer panes and therefore demonstrates the horizontal narrow gutter between the two transfer panes. Stamps are tied by the Jefferson, Tex CDS 25 JUN (1862). Stamps pay the double weight rate. Addressed to Mrs Mary E. Wilcox Care of Genl Knox, San Antonio, Texas. A pair straddling the narrow gutter between the upper and lower panes is not cataloged in Scott or the CSA catalog for the Stone 1 stamp. Very clean cover.

"General" William B. Knox (1825-1880) was both a pre-war and a post-war sheriff of Bexar County, Texas, and an influencial politician of his day. The title of "General" must have been honorary as no military connection was found.

Mary Emily (Donelson) Wilcox (1829-1905) was the sister of General Knox' wife. Her father was Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799-1871), a nephew of President Andrew Jackson and the President's Private Secretary. She was the first child actually born in the White House. She has a very extensive history herself being a relative of President Andrew Jackson. Her father was a Vice-Presidential candidate in 1856. She was married to Colonel John Alexander Wilcox (1819-1864) in 1852. The rank is from service in the Mexican War. Colonel Wilcox was himself a prominent politician having served as the Secretary of State of Mississippi before relocating to Texas. He represented Texas in the First Confederate Congress. He died of apoplexy at his home in San Antonio in 1864. Colonel Wilcox was the brother of CSA Major General Cadmus Wilcox. The families on this cover have quite an intertwined and extensive and very interesting history that could easily be researched further.
$800.00

TX382
11/16/2021
CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the RIMLESS Brownsville, Tex CDS 23 MAY. Addressed to Miss Mary E. Compton, Chapel Hill, Washington County, Texas. Sealed tears and a repair at the top center not involving the stamp, postmark, or address. Cover still with a very decent appearance. This cover is from my own original personal collection that was broken up in 1993.$250.00

TX383
11/20/2021
Stampless cover with the Anderson, Tex CDS and manuscript "Due 10" 20 AUG.  From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Miss Cornelia T. Neblett, Navasoto, Grimes Co., Texas. Endorsed at left "R. Neblett member of Co D Youngs regiment." The soldier was Pvt R. M. Neblett of Co D 12th Tex Inf (also known as the 8th Tex Inf and Young's Regiment) commanded by Col Overton Stephen Young. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade. Very Fine.$400.00

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Postal History Part 5

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