|Items marked "" are the newest additions to the listings. The newest items can be found at the bottom of the various sections.|
Use the BACK button to return to the previous page. Use the buttons at the left to navigate the website. If you arrived at this page directly from a search engine or a bookmark and there are no buttons at the left, then click MAIN PAGE to enter the full website.
Back to Sales Policies and How to Order
Back to Confederate Postal History Part 3
Forward to Confederate Postal History Part 5
Forward to "SOLD" items
This document is searchable using your "Find" function. If you have a PC with Windows, hit CTRL-F and enter your selected keyword(s) to search the listing (e.g. Richmond). I am sure that a MAC has a similar function, but I do not know how it is accessed. Or you can use the database Search Engine below. Click CSA SEARCH for a short tutorial and explanation (opens in new window or separate tab) of how best to use the Search Engine with my databases. The search will show results in the CSA Postal History, CSA Stamp, and CSA Currency databases. Search results automatically appear in a new window or separate tab.
Images are available for all the covers on this listing. Just click on the Inventory Control Number or the thumbnail preceding the description to call up the image and use the back button to return to the listing.
Please order using the Inventory Control Number preceding the Item Description. For convenience, you may order using Check, Visa/Mastercard, American Express, or PayPal by linking to my "Confederate Order Form" which is a secure document for the E-Mail transmission of credit card data. Clicking on the Confederate Order Form link will open the document in a new window which you can easily resize and keep open while you browse the listings. Before ordering, if you have not already done so, please review the Sales Policies and How to Order page.
||Handstamp PAID (no rate) with a partial but very recognizable strike of the Shelbeyville, Ten CDS 25 FEB Dietz Type II. Coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Mr. Rob Lowry Atlanta, Geo. Some backflap tears but otherwise Very Fine.||
||CSA #5 (irregular margin and faults) pen-canceled and manuscript “Tyner, Ten Sept 30 (1862)” across the top. Addressed to Mrs. Ann Cox Care of Mr. H. Worley, Oxford, Miss. Minor small water stain at bottom center and shows just a little wear. Still a very clean and attractive cover with a scarce usage. Ex-Boshwit.||
||CSA #1 Stone 2 Vert Pair from the right lower corner Positions 40, 50 (90, 100) (4-Margin with large sheet margins right and bottom and a few very light barely noticeable small scuffs) tied to cover by the usual somewhat blurred strike of the Blue Nashville, Ten CDS 21 JAN (1862). Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. S. Mary PO Box 2469 New Orleans. Part of backflap missing and a little edge wear but otherwise very clean with an excellent position pair of stamps. Ex-Gallagher.||$550.00|
|Chickamauga (also known as Chickamauga Station) is a listed CSA post office in Hamilton County, Ten located near Chattanooga and not far from the Georgia border. As an established CSA post office, the postmaster would have handled mail presented to him by the local inhabitants as well as by any Confederate Army units in the area. During the Chattanooga Campaign (Chattanooga fell to the Union 9/9/1863 and was subsequently placed under siege by the Confederate Army with the Battle of Chickamauga fought 19-20 Sept 1863) the little Chickamauga post office became overwhelmed with army mail. The Chickamauga postmaster first serviced his mail with manuscript markings. But some time during this period, the postmaster made or had made a simple typeset handstamp device with “Chicamauga” (“k” is missing in the handstamp) in a semi-circular configuration with a separate three line datestamp which was used to cancel the stamp. These markings have long been considered as Army of Tennessee field postal markings and are listed as such in the 1986 Dietz Catalog. But that is not necessarily true. While it is true that army covers would receive these marks, Chickamauga as a listed CSA post office was not exclusively set up as an army post office. So the marks could have been used on local civilian mail as well. The editors working on the army field cancel section of the new Confederate catalog have recognized this and removed the marking from the Army Field Cancel section. Unfortunately, the semi-circular Chicamauga marking is not illustrated or listed anywhere in the current CSA catalog. That does not lessen the fact that the manuscript Chickamauga covers are very scarce items. And the Chicamauga semi-circular handstamp is even scarcer with only perhaps a dozen or so covers known bearing this mark with dates in OCT and NOV 1863. The Chickamauga post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the Confederate Army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. This is distinct from the actual Army of Tennessee field post office set up by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of the city using the Chattanooga postmark (known as the “rover” with latest known use in late January 1864) and the Army of Tenn straight line handstamp used November 1863 into March 1864.|
||“Chickamauga, Tenn Sept 7 (1863) Due 10” all in manuscript with soldiers endorsement at left “J. R. Riggs Co G 27th Miss Regt.” Addressed to Mrs. F. E. Smith, Prattville Po Office, Autauga County, Ala. Cover dated just two days before the fall of Chattanooga. Two weeks after this cover was sent, the 27th Miss Inf was actively engaged in the Battle of Chickamauga with significant casualties. Minor file fold at the bottom and minor backflap opening tears, but still a Very Fine cover. Ex-Matz,Ex-Boshwit, Ex-Walske.||SOLD|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but a little close at the top) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 6 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Exceptionally strong strikes of these scarce postal markings. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover addressed to Mrs. G. A. Miles, Bridgeville Pickens Co., Ala. Cover was most likely sent by Lieut George A. Miles Co K 43rd Ala Infantry to his wife. The 43rd Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit that fought gallantly at the Battle of Chickamauga and suffered heavy losses. At the time of this cover, the regiment was positioned on Missionary Ridge until withdrawn from the line with the remainder of the army on 11/18/1863. Cover is complete with just a little corner and edge wear but is still certainly one of the finest examples of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking. Ex-Gallagher, Ex-Murphy, Ex-Walske.||SOLD|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “OCT 25 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. This cover is currently the earliest recorded usage date of the Chicamauga handstamp, but earlier usages may exist yet to be recorded. Addressed to Mrs. Thos. F. Hooper, Okolona Chickasaw Co., Miss. There is no Thomas F. Hooper listed as a soldier from Mississippi. There is only one Thomas F. Hooper listed in the Confederate Army. Lieut Thomas Foster Hooper (b1832) Co I 29th Ga Inf may be the one who sent this cover as the regiment was in the Chickamauga area at the time and took part in the battle. Cover is very clean with a small reduction at the right just into the last line of the address. But still an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking. Ex-Grant, Ex-Everett, Ex-Alex Hall, Ex-Walske.||SOLD|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 2 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. Addressed to Mrs Dr U. G. Owen Care of Mary Dobson, Rockford, Surrey Co., N. Carolina. Routing at lower left "via Columbia, S. Carolina." The cover was sent by Dr. Urban Grammer Owen (1833-1903) to his wife. Dr. Owen was the Surgeon of the 4th Ten Inf an Army of Tennessee unit. He married Laura Ann Dobson in 1859. After the war, he practiced medicine in Williamson County, Tennessee. Cover with a clean appearance with just a little light foxing and edge wear. Minor reduction on the left where the cover was opened not affecting anything. The cover is an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this scarce marking.||SOLD|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Pen-Cancel and manuscript “Chickamauga” with an early Oct (1863) date across the top. Chickamauga is listed as a CSA post office in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Addressed to Mr. William D. Kimbrell, Cold Springs Post Office, Edgefield District, South Carolina. Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. William D. Kimbrell (1800-1867) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 60 year old farmer in Edgefield District SC. He had one son, James Kimbrell, who served in Co I (Edgefield Guards) 24th SC Inf which was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Pvt James Kimbrell was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father about 2 1/2 weeks after the battle. Very Fine.||$400.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and matching manuscript “Chickamauga, T(en) Oct 18 (1863).” Addressed to Mr. Flemming Rice, Rome, Ga. Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. Flemming Rice (1802-1873) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 58 year old farmer in Floyd County, Georgia, He had one son, John H. Rice (1843-1911), who served as a Pvt (later Sergt) in Co G 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment enlisting 5/11/1862. Sergt Rice surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. The 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. Sergt John H. Rice was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father. Light water staining left side of cover but still a very clean appearance.||$350.00|
||CSA #56x2 two singles in slightly different color shades (one stamp overlaps the other and there are preaffixing corner edge tears on both stamps in the margin only which do not detract) tied together and to the cover by the Memphis, Ten CDS 15 JUL (1861). It has been suggested that the left stamp is the rare pelure thin paper variety. But there are those who do not believe that such a variety even exists. Addressed to C. D. Barksdale Esq, Charleston, So. Ca. The addressee was Captain of Co L 1st SC Inf also known as the Carolina Light Infantry. Clean cover with a minor edge repair at the top left and most of backflap missing, but still very presentable and very exhibitable.||$2,250.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close right and bottom) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS 23 FEB 1863. Addressed to Gen Ragan PM (Postmaster), Ragans Station, Ten. Reagan’s Station (mispelled on the cover) was a station on the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad 9 miles NE of Athens, Ten. Reagan’s Station, Ten is not listed as a Confederate post office and is also not listed in the 1863 Appleton’s US Postal Guide. It is possible that a small short-lived post office was established there because of the railroad and was never recorded. Adversity Cover made from a used ledger sheet which appears to be a freight listing. Very Fine.||$400.00|
||CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Tullahoma, Ten CDS 11 MAY 1863. Light yellow paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shepherd Care of Mrs Moses Anderson, Mobile, Ala. Small reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.||$350.00|
||CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin with a little gum toning and pre-affixing faults) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 14 SEP (1861). Addressed to Z. M. Shackelford Esq, Macon, Tenn. Period military endorsement at top left “From Johndee Mitchell Lieut in Quartermaster’s Department Genl G. J. Pillow’s Brigade.” This is a cover FRONT ONLY with a little edge wear. Ex-Matz.||$700.00|
||CSA #61x5 Nashville 5c Provisional Violet Brown (4-Margin but close at the left) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 12 OCT 1861. Matching BLUE Nashville PAID handstamp often found on Nashville provisional covers. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. & Mrs J. M. Hatcher, Eagleville, Williamson Co., Tenn. The cover is missing the top backflap and has a small reduction at the left not affecting anything. Very clean appearance and an excellent example of this scarce provisional on cover.||$3,250.00|
||Handstamp PAID 10 with the Nashville, Ten CDS Type F all in BLUE 31 OCT 1861. Addressed to Asa Holland, Halesford, Franklin Co., Va. The addressee was the Halesford postmaster. Interesting cover in that there is an inside postal use manuscript “Wilsonville, Ala Pd 5 Oct 26 (1861)” addressed to Mess Graves Marks & Co., Nashville, Tenn. The cover is made from blue-lined notebook paper and appears to be a turned use. More likely the first use was a full folded letter. The letter part was separated, and what was left was used to make a cover for the second use. Very unusual to find such an adversity cover this early in the Confederate period. Very Fine.||$475.00|
||CSA #56xu1 5c Red Memphis Press-Printed Provisional Envelope with no postal markings. The cover is addressed locally in Tennessee indicating that the cover was hand-carried outside the postal system. An attempt was made some time in the past to erase the address, and most of the address has been eradicated. This was a fairly common practice in the early days of postal history collecting as the families would sometimes erase or cut out or in some other way obliterate the address for privacy reasons before releasing the cover for sale. The cover is otherwise clean and still a scarce item.||$750.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin tight on the left) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 25 MAR 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. H. Masters, Huntsville, Alabama. Unobtrusive repair to the lower right corner of the cover with a minor edge stain at lower right. Very clean appearing cover.||$200.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) very dry printing (4-Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS with a MAR 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Robinson, Eutaw, Ala. Small cover with an opening reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.||$275.00|
||CSA #17xu2 Chattanooga, Ten PAID 5 Provisional 9 JUL 1861. Addressed to Miss C. H. Keith, Athens, Tennessee. Upper right corner repaired which includes a small part of the upper right of the provisional mark. Clear strikes of the postal markings and still quite an attractive and scarce cover. There are only five covers recorded in the Crown Survey. This cover is one of the five reported on Page 405. Ex-Hart.||$1,500.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin irregular at the left) tied by the small single rim Clinton, Ten CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Thomas J. Howard, Lexington, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused South Carolina Railroad form displayed flapped down from the upper left corner. Thomas J. Howard enlisted as a private in Co A 56th Ga Inf 4/25/1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at the Battle of Franklin (Ten) 12/17/1864 (the last major action of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and released from the Camp Chase prison 6/13/1865. Very clean cover.||$250.00|
||Handstamp PAID 5 Type A with the Union City Tennessee CDS. Large circular postmark with negative white letters on a black background which is also dateless. This postmark is recognized as a very distinctive unusual Confederate postmark. Addressed to Miss Mary Elmore, Montgomery, Ala Care J. A. Elmore Esq. Period receiving docketing on the reverse "Recd Oct 4 (1861), Ans Oct 6, 1st Letter after joining the army." There is no enclosure, but the cover is obviously from a soldier who is not identified and most likely a friend or a relative. Mary Elmore married Warren Stone Reese in 1863 who at the time was Capt of Co K 1st Ala Cav and later in 1864 Colonel of the 12th Ala Cav. After the war Col Reese later served as the Mayor of Montgomery 1881-1885. Very clean cover and a very nice example of this scarce postmark. Signed by Brian Green.||$875.00|
||CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS. Date appears to be 26 DEC (1863) which would make this an example of Chattanooga "Rover" postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel after the fall of the city. Adversity Cover made from a used Southern Express Company Way Bill displayed flapped up from the bottom and flapped over from the right. Addressed to Mr. James H. Barr, Wallstreet (not sure of the designation), Jackson Co., Ga. There is no Wallstreet listed in Jackson County, Georgia. So this must be a local name. However, there is a Wall Station listed in the county. James Hinson Barr (1807-1883) of Jackson County, Georgia had four sons of military age during the war. Cover most likely sent by one of his sons in the Army of Tennessee. Very Fine Adversity Cover.||$450.00|
||CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ten CDS 21 OCT (1862). Addressed to Mr. R. J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga. Minor back flap opening tear and small spindle holes upper left, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice stamp.||$400.00|
||CSA #1c two singles Stone A/B Olive Green (one with 4 large margins and the other just touching at the lower right) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 20 DEC (1861). Addressed to J. F. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va. Nice stamps and a clean cover.||$400.00|
||Stampless Nashville, Ten CDS handstamp PAID 10 Type F all in blue 11 OCT 1861. Addressed to Genl Wm G. Webb, Lagrange, Texas. The addressee was a Brig-Gen of Texas State Troops so his rank was a state rank and not a Confederate rank. Period receiving docketing at the left. Clean cover with a lttle mild edge wear, reduced at left not affecting anything, minor erosions which do not detract, and a small reduction at the right.||$200.00|
||CSA #47xu5 partial strike of the Knoxville, Ten PAID 5 Handstamp Provisional marking (CC KNO-TN-E03 Type E). Manuscript date 30 JUL 1861. This cover is the one listed in the Confederate Catalog as the earliest recorded use of this postal marking. Addressed to Mr. James Lynn Kingsport, E. Tennessee via Rogersville. Just a little foxing and some very minor edge wear but still very attractive with the easily recognizable Knoxville provisional mark. There has been some discussion in the past as to whether these Knoxville marks are in fact true provisionals applied in advance or applied at the time of posting. However, they are currently listed in both Scott and the Confederate Catalog and accepted as provisional uses. CSA Certificate 2013.||$900.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close at the top) tied by the Greenville, Ten. CDS 19 MAY. Blue paper cover addressed to James Whitaker, Valley Town, Cherokee Co., NC. Routing instruction at lower left "via Cleveland, Tenn." Back flap opening tears, otherwise a very fine appearance.||$125.00|
||Stampless Kingston, Ten small single rim CDS 11 APR (1862) with handstmap PAID over manuscript "Paid" with 5(ms) Type A 5(ms). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William J. Hornsby, Chattanooga, Tenn. Very Fine.||$150.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 49 (margin close on the left and with a little edge gum toning) with the BLUE Winchester, Ten CDS 18 JAN (1862). The stamp is tied to the cover by the matching Winchester, Ten BLUE handstamp PAID 5 Type A. This is a scarce mark to begin with and even scarcer used to cancel a stamp. The PAID 5 handstamp paid no postage as the postage was paid by the stamp. Folded lettersheet with the page with the letter removed some time in the past addressed to Mr. E. R. Standy, Town Creek, Ala.||$400.00|
||CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3
Positions 1-2 (4-Margin). The Position 1 stamp on the left
shows the "Leaking N"
variety which defines the position and is a 1/50 stamp. The "Leakling
N" is not listed as a variety in Scott but is listed as a variety in
the CSA Catalog (CC 4-3-v3). The pair is tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn
CDS 2- AUG (1862). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. Fannie
Holland, Big Shanty, Cobb County, Georgia. Very Fine.
According to the 1860 census, the addressee (age 24) was married to Neville Hayne Holland (1832-1862) who is listed on the census as a physician in Big Shanty, Georgia. There is no record that Dr Holland served in the Confederate Army. His date of death is recorded as 23 AUG 1862, but no circumstances are given.
||CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis
Provisional (margins tight on 3 sides but with a large
lower sheet Margin) tied by the Memphis,
Ten CDS 24 NOV 1861 (dated by receiving docketing on the
reverse). Manuscript "Paid"
at the upper left. Addressed to Genl A. T. Robertson, Bolivar, Tenn.
Clean appearing cover reduced at the left not affectng anything.
Original letter remains with the cover. Short letter "This is to notify you that after the expiration of Ellen's month for which I have paid you, I shall not want her anymore." The letter refers to a slave named Ellen who was rented by Gen Robertson and who will be returned when the rental period expires. There is no record of a General A. T. Robertson having served in the military as a general either before or during the war. Alexander Thomas Robertson (1814-1865) is listed as a lawyer in Bolivar, Tennessee, on the Census of 1860, so the title of "General" must have been honorary. He is also listed as having served as Lt Col of the 22nd Ten Inf, but this was later after the date of this cover.
cover with a partial strike of the BLUE
Nashville, Ten CDS (date
not apparent) and matching BLUE
Type A (no rate). Cover
dated to 6 NOV 1861 by period receiving docketing at the left. Semi-Official Imprint
"Headquarters Western Department, Official Business" (CC
WD-ZA-33). Addressed to A. L. Alexander Esqr for Mrs. Gilmer,
Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia. Based on the handwriting, the cover
was sent by CSA Lt Col Jeremy F. Gilmer to his wife in care of his
father-in-law. Very clean cover. Ex- Brian Green with his notation on
The Confederates did not have an official "Western Department" designation as no such reference can be found to such a Confederate military department. But the USA had such a designation which in the summer of 1861 included western Kentucky. The Union "Western Department" went out of existence on 11/9/1861 which is the date of this cover. This is very probably a Union imprint and not a Confederate imprint which helps to explain why the imprint is lined through. There are two additional covers with this same imprint recorded with Confederate use from Bowling Green, Ky, These two additional covers are from the same correspondence dated 25 OCT (1861) and 9 NOV (1861). It appears that Col Gilmer (Later Maj-Gen in 1863) found these imprinted covers most likely in Bowling Green and used them for his personal correspondence home to his wife. The cover appears to be a captured Union imprinted cover and is associated with a later very prominent CSA general. I cannot prove positively that this is a Union imprint because I cannot find a postally used Union or pre-war example of the imprint. The only recorded uses that I could find are Confederate from the same personal correspondence. The evidence is compelling that this is "CSA Use of a Union Imprint." My research article, "Headquarters Western Department Semi-Official Imprint," on this imprint was published in the Second Quarter 2021 issue of the Civil War Philatelist. Click the title of you wish to read the full article. One of the additional two covers in this correspondence is listed in the Kentucky section as KY39.
Jeremy Francis Gilmer (1818-1883), an 1839 West Point graduate, was a pre-war US Army Engineer officer. At the beginning of the war, he was commissioned as a CSA Engineer Officer and served as a Lt Col on the staff of General Albert S. Johnston as Chief Engineer of Confederate Military Department No. 2 which included the Western Theater. He was known to have been in Bowling Green in Oct-Nov 1861. He was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh but recovered. In 1862 he was promoted Colonel and became Chief of the Engineer Bureau in the Confederate War Department. In 1863, he was promoted from Colonel directly to Major-General without having been a Brigadier-General and later assisted in the defences of Charleston and Atlanta. Gen Gilmer was considered by many to be the best military engineer in Confederate service. After the war, he engaged in railroad activities and was president of the Savannah Gaslight Company. The handwriting on the three covers known to me with this imprint is clearly that of Gen Gilmer early in his Confederate service.
||CSA #2 Paterson Stone Y
(small pre-affixing clip to the upper left corner) tied by the Chattanooga, Tenn
CDS with a FEB 1863 date. Light green paper cover addressed to Hon A.
G. Welcker, Cleveland, Tenn. Very clean cover. Ex-Kaufmann.
Albert Gallatin Welcker (1823-1868) was a prominent lawyer in East Tennessee. His papers are archived at the University of Tennessee Library in Knoxville, Tennessee.
||CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis
Provisional (4-Margin but a little close at the bottom)
tied by the Memphis, Ten
CDS 10 NOV (1861). Military
Address to Adjt C. W. Frazer, 21st Regiment T V (Tennessee Volunteers),
Columbus KY. Cover goes into the part of Kentucky that was
under Confederate occupation November 1861 - February 1862. Very Fine.
Charles Wesley Frazer (1834-1897), a lawyer by profession, entered service as Captain of Co I 21st Ten Inf 6/14/1861. He is listed as wounded at Belmont (Mississippi County, Missouri) 11/7/1861. This small battle was the first combat test for Union Brig-Gen U. S. Grant. He is listed as wounded a second time at Murfreesboro (Ten) 12/31/1862. At some point he was promoted Major. He was captured as a POW 9/15/1863 (place not stated) and confined at Johnson's Island for the remainder of the war until released 6/11/1865. After the war, he lived in Memphis. His brother was CSA Brig-Gen John Wesley Frazer (1827-1906).
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (small edge fault at top right) tied by a double strike of the Strawberry Plains, Tenn CDS 7 APR 1863 date. Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to N. M. Taylor Esqr, Elizabethton, E(ast) Tenn. Very clean cover.||$125.00|
||CSA #7 Horz Pair
tied by the Murfreesboro,
Ten CDS 21 OCT 1862. Addressed to Mrs. Mary Ann Pittman,
China Grove, Mississippi. Very clean cover.
Mary Ann Pittman (1839-1900) was the wife of Stephen Dudley Pittman (1835-1917) who was most likely the sender of this cover. Stephen D. Pittman, a farmer from Marion County, Mississippi, enlisted as a private in Co F 7th Miss Inf 8/1/1861, an Army of Mississippi unit. In March 1863, he was slightly wounded at Murfressboro, Ten. He was much more severely wounded in September 1864 by a gunshot to the leg resulting in the amputation of his right leg at the thigh. Place not stated, but the wound and the loss of the leg most likely occurred at the Siege of Atlanta. After the war, he went back to farming in Mississippi.
cover with a full strike of the Chattanooga,
Ten CDS and handstamp
DUE 10 Type D 1 NOV. Endorsed at upper left “From T. W. Patton 60 NC Regt A T
(Army of Tennessee).”
Addressed to Mrs. James W. Patton Sr., Asheville, Buncomb County, North
Carolina. Cover is somewhat reduced on the left not affecting anything
but has a
Very Fine appearance with bold strikes of the postal markings.
Thomas Walton Patton (1841-1907) entered service as a Corporal in Co E 1st NC Inf. He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant and transferred to Co C 60th NC Inf 7/8/1862 and promoted Captain 3/10/1863. He resigned the service for unknown reasons 8/8/1864. After the war, he was a prominent citizen of Asheville and was elected mayor 1893-1894. He also volunteered and served with the North Carolina Infantry in the Spanish-American War.
#56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin but a little
close at the
top) tied by the Memphis,
Ten CDS 13 NOV (1861). Military address to
CSA occupied Kentucky. Mr. Geo W. Chambers Care of Capt A. W. Bowie,
Alabama Vols, Columbus Ky. Advertising
Cover with a printed corner card
at the lower left "G. W. Jones & Co, Wholesale Druggists, 229
Street, Memphis, Tenn." Small reduction at the right and
what looks to
be a professionaly done edge repair at the right center not affecting
the stamp, postmark, or the address. Very clean overall appearing
The obscure unit in the address was Bowie's Company of Alabama Volunteers which became Co D Brewer's 2nd Battalion Mississippi (and Alabama) Cavalry and later became Co A 8th Confederate Cavalry. George W. Chambers (1844-1906) enlisted as a private at Decatur, Ala, 6/13/1861 when the unit was officially formed. He served throughout the war and then became a very prominent grocer, businessman, and land owner in Talladega, Ala. "Pvt Co A 8 Confed Cav Confederate States Army" is engraved on his grave marker in the Oak Hill Cemetery in Talladega, Ala. Capt Andrew W. Bowie (1822-1900) also lived in Talladega, Ala, after the war. He is listed on the Federal Census as a lawyer. He is buried in the same cemetery with the same inscription on his grave marker as Pvt Chambers.
||CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin but a little close at the right) tied by the Memphis,Ten CDS with a DEC 1861 date. Orange paper cover addressed to Dr. J. W. Justice, Fulton, Miss. Very Fine. PF Certificate 1994 which mentions a light diagonal crease in the lower left margin of the stamp as well as a little gum toning at the top of the stamp. Both notations on the certificate are minor and of no real consequence.||$1,000.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) appears
uncancelled with no postal markings. Civilian Through-the-Lines
cover from East Tennesee with period "Flag of Truce" at
the left edge. The stamp was meant to pre-pay the Confederate postage.
At upper right is a period manuscript "Ex permitted L. A. Gratz, Maj a.
a. a. Genl (Acting Assistant Adjutant General)"
which is the notation and signature of the Union Officer who examined
the original letter (not currently with the cover) and passed
through the lines. Addressed to Mr. "Joe" G. Rhea, New Market, E. Tenn
Care of Genl Vaughn. This would be the inside cover that was allowed to
cross the lines and has no indication of the actual place of origin
which would have been on the outer envelope that was discarded. The
cover is a small commercially made yellow lined lady's type cover with
embossing on the back flap and is most likely from the addressee's wife
who was in Union occupied territory. The cover appears to have been
hand-carried outside the postal system to its final destination once it
crossed the lines under a Flag of Truce most likely by a
courier who accepted the mail and took it to the army. Very
interesting and very scarce Civilian Through-the-Lines cover from East
Lewis A. Gratz entered service as the Major of the 6th KY Cavalry (Union) 8/16/1862 and mustered out 7/15/1865 at Edgefield, Ten. The unit was active throughout in Tennessee. No further information on Major Gratz.
From the address, it is evident that the addressee is a CSA soldier. Joseph G. Rhea enlisted as a private in Co F 62nd Ten Inf 10/1/1862. He was paroled in Georgia in 1865. He appears on the 1880 Federal Census as a farmer in Tennessee. The 62nd Ten Inf was part of Vaughn's Brigade commanded by Brig-Gen Alfred Jefferson Vaughn Jr (1830-1899) mentioned in the address. The brigade was assigned to the Department of East Tennessee beginning in December 1863. That would date this cover to very late 1863 or early 1864.
|CSA #61x2 5c Carmine Nashville Provisional (good margins) tied by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 17 AUG 1861. Addressed to Mr. J. L. Weakley, Little Rock, Arkansas. The address is a little faded but still easily legible. Small pink lady's type cover which is very clean but with a missing top back flap. Signed "Dietz" on the back.||$2,000.00|
|CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin with edge gum tonng) pen-cancelled and matching manuscript postal markings "Belleville Ten Apr 14th 1863." Obscure postal use from a listed CSA post office in Roane County in East Tennesse. Belleville in Roane County no longer exists. This county was largely pro-Union. Addressed to Saltville, Va. The name of the addressee has the title of "Col" but the name is faded out and not legible. Green paper Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused freight document form from Knoxville, Tennessee, displayed flapped down from the top. Clean appearing cover.||$250.00|
|CSA #4 Stone 2
(not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Knoxville, Ten CDS
with an APR 1862 date. Orange paper cover with Military Address to Capt Saml R.
Bachman ACS (Assistant Commissary of Subsistence), Cumb(erland) Gap,
Tennessee. Back flap opening tears, otherwise Very Fine.
Capt Samuel Rhea Bachman (1834-1862) from Sullivan County, Tennessee, is officially listed as a CSA Staff Officer (Assistant Commissary of Subsistence per the address on the cover) and is documented as having been in Cumberland Gap in early 1862. The only other information I found was that Capt Bachman died of Typhoid Fever in September 1862 and is buried at his home in Kingsport, Sullivan County, Tennessee.
|CSA #12a (AD) Intense Milky Blue color (Position 10 stamp with upper and right sheet margins but margin tight at the bottom and a pre-affixing corner crease at the lower left which does not detract from the overall appearance) tied by the small single rim Tazewell, Ten CDS (date not fully apparent). Green paper cover addressed to Doct John Moore, Hendersons Mills, Greene County, Tennessee. Minor reduction on the left where opened. "BRW" unidentified collector's handstamp on the back. Very clean cover with a very nice stamp.||$175.00|
||Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Houston, Tex CDS Dietz Type B (date not apparent). Endorsed across the top “From Sergt J. E. Wallis 20th (Elmores) Texas Regt.” Clean coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Kate Wallis Chappell Hill, Texas. The 20th Texas Regt essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. Very Fine.||
||Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Galveston, Tex double circle CDS (usual weak strike but easily recognizable) Dietz Type C 21 OCT 1863. Endorsed at upper right “From J. M. Seymour Comp C 2nd Tex Vol Inf.” Addressed to Mrs. John Adriance Columbia Brazoria County, Texas. The 2nd Tex Inf was surrendered and paroled at Vicksburg in JUL 1863. The regiment was declared exchanged in SEP 1863 and reorganized in the Galveston area. Very clean cover from the Adriance Correspondence.||
||CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by a partial strike of the Larissa, Tex CDS 8 FEB (1865). Folded Letter complete written on lined notebook paper and confirms the 1865 Larissa usage. Addressed to Genl Hayden H. Edwards Nacogdoches, Tex. Hayden H. Edwards was a very prominent Nacogdoches citizen and businessman at the time. He was active in the Texas Independence from Mexico movement in the 1830’s. The title of “General” was honorary and not related to the Confederate Army. The letter itself is entirely business and concerns a land deal. Excellent CSA Texas 1865 usage and a very late Texas usage for these stamps from an obscure town in Cherokee County. Very Fine.||
||“Paid” in manuscript (no rate) with the Courtney, Tex CDS 24 FEB (1863). Folded Letter complete to Mrs Ema E. Allen Washington, Texas. The letter gives the exact year date. The letter is a lengthy letter from a lady to her sister. Very poignant letter as the writer is despondent over the recent death of a loved one (presumably her husband). Cover is very clean and represents somewhat obscure Texas usage from Grimes County. The folded letter is actually written in a ledger page, and the interior folds are quite fragile. But the folds have been reinforced with archival quality tape. Very Fine appearance.||
||Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with a full strike of the Jefferson, Tex CDS Dietz Type I 10(ms) 14 NOV (1861). Cover is from the well-known Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence. A little light foxing but otherwsie a Very Fine appearance.||
||Handstamp PAID 10 with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS Dietz Type IC 6 APR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. H. L. Rankin Esq, Hempstead, Texas. Clean cover reduced a bit at the right and a sealed edge tear bottom center.||
||Folded Letter complete with a partial strike of the Navasota, Tex CDS with no rate addressed to San Felipe, Texas. The letter is written in old German script (a large community of German immigrants lived in Texas at this time) and clearly dates the usage to MAY 1863. A second letter from the same correspondence dated JUL 1864 is included with the cover. The letters have been transcribed and translated by a university professor who can read the old German handwriting. Unfortunately, the transcripts are no longer with the letters. The letters are between husband and wife, Gustav and Justiny Friedrich. Gustav is apparently with the soldiers as he states that he has been through eight battles. However, there is no record of a Gustav Friedrich serving in the Confederate Army. From the letters, he appears to be a teamster and may be a civilian hired contractor or perhaps a member of the militia. War period Confederate letters from German immigrants are not common as many are in the archives or still with the families. Few minor sealed internal tears but otherwise a very clean folded letter.||
||Manuscript Soldiers “Due 10” with no other postal markings. Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Tex. Endorsed at upper left “From J. P. Osterhout Adjt 4th Tex S(tate) T(roops).” The 4th Tex Inf State Troops was a home guard unit organized in 1863 for six months service. Other endorsed covers in the Osterhout correspondence places the unit in the Houston area which is most likely where this cover originated. A non contemporary notation most likely referring to the original letter which is no longer with the cover dates the cover to DEC 1863. Very clean cover.||$200.00|
||CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 22-23 (irregular margins and preaffixing faults) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 13 JUL (1862). Orange paper cover reduced at the left about 1/2” not affecting anything. Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. The Stone 3 stamp used in Texas is not commonly seen.||$600.00|
||CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 22 OCT. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. Reduced at left about 1 inch. Very clean cover.||$350.00|
||CSA #7 Vert Pair (margins a little close) tied by the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS 2 MAR (1865). Very late Use. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Horace V. Freeman, Bandera, Texas. Receiving docketing on the front of the cover “Rec’d Mar 15, 1865” confirms the year of use. A little edge wear but still a very clean cover.||$400.00|
||CSA #40xu2 Houston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the posvisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 17 OCT 1862. Black bordered commercially made Mourning Cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brezoria County, Texas. Cover with part of backflap missing, edge wear at the right, and a clipped upper right corner not affecting the postal markings which are quite strong for the Houston provisional.||$850.00|
||CSA #70xu2 Richmond, Texas PAID
with the provisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated
13 OCT (1863). Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper
which dates the cover to 1863. Addressed to W. P. Ballinger, Houston,
Texas. The letter is about the sickness of one Col Potter and goes into
deep detail about the illness. There is also an interesting period
notation on the back of the cover concerning a runaway slave named
Cyrus. This cover is Ex-Phillips and is listed on Page 310 of the Crown
Survey. Somewhat weak, as is usual, strike of the red provisional mark
but still quite legible and an otherwise Very Fine and scarce cover.
CSA Certificate 1981. Refer to recent article in The Confederate Philatelist
concerning stampless provisional covers with charge box notations.
||Handstamp PAID 10 with no postmark and a "Charge Box 66" notation. Folded Letter complete which identifies the town of origin as Clarksville, Texas and dates the use to 17 NOV 1863. This is the Type B Clarksville handstamp as illustrated in the new CSA Catalog. Addressed to Saml F. Mosley Esqr, Jefferson, Texas. The letter is a short business letter and deals with the payment of taxes on sugar. When unfolded, the letter paper is a bit rough on the left side, but this is removed from sight when the cover is folded to a very clean appearance. Clarksville was the Court House of Red River County.||$250.00|
||Handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A with the Owensville, Tex CDS 24 DEC. Full Military Address to Maj L. C. Scogin, 3rd Cavalry Battalion, Texas State Troops, Sabine Pass, Texas. Routing instruction manuscript at lower left "Please forward immediately." No evidence that the cover was forwarded. The addressee is in the records as Lewis Grissom Scoggins (1822-1874). He joined the 3rd Cav Batt Texas State Troops in late 1863. The regiment was mustered out in early 1864 and saw no combat. Some period staining at the lower left corner, but otherwise Very Fine.||$400.00|
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 38 (4-Margin with just a little gum toning at the top edge) tied by a weak strike of the Belton, Tex CDS 1 JUN (1862) with a second stronger strike of the same CDS to the left. Adveristy Cover as the stamp was affixed directly over the embossing of a 3c Red Star Die. The stamp has been lifted and moved to the left so that the Star Die can be demonstrated. Addressed to Mrs. Junius W. Smith, Fort Worth Tarrant County, Texas via Dallas. The adressee was the wife of a prominent attorney in the area. Covers referenceing both Fort Worth and Dallas together at this time are very scarce as the major town in the area during the war was Weatherford in Parker County. Cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise a Very Fine Adversity Cover. Ex-Kramer.||$900.00|
||"Paid 10" manuscript with a full strike of the Bonham, Texas CDS 28 AUG. Small commercially made Lady's type cover with an embossed floral design at the left. Trans-Mississippi use to Mrs. M. A. Avery, Acworth, Cobb County, Georgia. Erosion hole in the floral design which is unobtrusive, otherwise a very clean appearance.||$300.00|
||CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin with an extremelt minor margin fault at the lower right corner) tied by an unusually clear strike of the New Braunfels, Tex CDS 1 DEC. Blue paper folded cover (lettersheet with the letter part of the cover removed) addressed to J. H. Thurmond Esqr, San Antonio (Texas). Very Fine.||$325.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) canceled and tied by the manuscript postal markings "Fairfield Tex Apl 5." Somewhat obscure use from Freestone County. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Dr. Benj F. Blackmon, Co A Timmon's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address was Waul's Texas Legion commanded by Col Barnard Timmons (1835-1884) from Sept 1863 to the end of the war. The unit was guarding the Texas coast stationed at this time at Galveston. Benjamin Franklin Blackmon, although a doctor, served as a private in the Legion. Cover is complete and clean and shows only a little edge wear.||$300.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) (margins tight top and bottom) tied by the Austin, Tex small double circle CDS (date not fully apparent but receiving docketing dates the cover to 6 JAN 1865). Military Address to Col Ben Allston, Ins. Gen, T.M.D (Inspector General Trans-Mississippi Department), Shreveport, La. Benjamin Allston (1833-1900), an 1853 graduate of West Point, was a South Carolina rice planter and an Episcopal minister. Beginning in March 1861, he had service in a number of different units (cavalry) and was promoted Colonel 5/15/1862. He was captured as a POW at Harrodsburg Kentucky 10/10/1862 while commanding the 3rd Brigade of Tennessee Cavalry and was exchanged 12/4/1862. He later joined General Kirby-Smith's staff as the Trans-Mississippi Department Inspector General. Very clean cover reduced slightly at the left.||$250.00|
||Turned Cover from the Neblett Correspondence - First Use (inside) Galveston, Tex (stamp missing) to Wm H. Neblett Esqr, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Second Use (outside)_ CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (margin tight at right) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co, Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf (same unit at TX342 above) commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Very Clean Cover. Ex-Hill.||$350.00|
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 4 DEC (1863). Folded Letter complete written on blue lined notebook paper and addressed to Col S. M. Noble, Nacogdoches, Texas. The letter is from Capt W. F. Thompson and is part personal and partly deals with the disposition of conscripts. Sebron M. Noble was the Lt Col of the 17th Tex Cav. Col Noble was killed-in-action at the Battle of Mansfield (Louisiana) 4/8/1864. The Battle of Mansfield was part of the Red River Campaign when Union forces attempted to capture Shreveport, La. W. F. Thompson was Captain of Co C 17th Tex Cav. No further record. Very Fine folded letter.||$250.00|
||CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin but with pre-affixing faults) tied by the small single rim Sabine Pass, Tex CDS 2 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Celina Duncan, Liberty, Texas. Sabine Pass was an important military site on the Texas coast near Port Arthur and the site of two battles (1862 and 1863) when the Union forces attempted to invade Texas but were beaten back. Cover most likely from a soldier in the area to his wife at home. The cover is complete but shows light foxing, edge and corner wear, and a sealed edge tear at the lower right. Still a presentable cover with a scarce Texas postmark.||$400.00|
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 23 (margins irregular with pre-affixing faults and gum staining at the lower right) tied by the small single rim Uvalde, Tex CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Miss Vicroria Cliett, Prairie Lee PO, Caldwell Co., Texas. Cover with sealed edge tears at the right. Despite the stamp faults and the sealed tear, the cover has an overall very clean appearance and is very presentable with a scarce Texas postmark. The CSA #4 stamp is not commonly seen used in Texas.||$400.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 Olive Green (not plated) (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching partial strike of the Bastrop, Tex CDS to the left 8 JAN 1862. Addressed to R. J. Palmer, Millican, Texas. Cover is clean but shows some edge and corner wear with a minor old repair at the top edge. Ex- VanDyk MacBride with his unsigned notation on the reverse.||$250.00|
||Stampless Soldier's "due 10" manuscript with no other postal markings. Endorsed at top left "H. A. Keenan 5th Texas Regt Co (D) Robertson's Brigade, Hood's Division." Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smither, Huntsville, Texas. The 5th Tex Inf was an ANV unit. Therefore, the cover originated either in Virginia or perhaps in East Tennesse after the Battle of Chickamauga. The regiment was part of Robertson's Brigade for only a limited time May 1863- Sept 1863 which narrows the date for this cover. The 5th Texas Regiment operated its own military express service beginning in 1862 (Edey's 5th Texas Regiment Express). Pvt Edey, who operated the service, devised printed lables for the service which are very scarce with the latest recorded use in October 1862. Pvt Edey was wounded and captured as a POW at Gettysburg. The service was possibly carried on after Edey's capture by Sgt W. U. Bayles. More about this on Page 265 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover, which is most likely not long after the Fall of Vicksburg, may have used the regimental express service with the cover handcarried by a soldier across the Mississippi and then posted somewhere on the other side of the river where the "due 10" manuscript was applied for delivery on to Huntsville, Texas. But a postmark was not applied. This cannot be proven without a postmark, but appears to be the most likely scenario at this time. Pvt W. A. Keenan was accidentally wounded in the ankle at Darbeytown Road (Va) 10/7/1864 and granted a wound furlough to return home to Texas but never returned and was ultimately declared AWOL. The regimental Sergt-Major was J. M. Smither who was wounded in the head at Chickamauga but survived the war. Perhaps Pvt Keenan sent this cover back to Huntsville, Texas to a Smither relative to inform them that the Sergt-Major had been wounded. Top edge wear and part of top back flap missing. Very interesting cover which could benefit from further Texas research.||$400.00|
||CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin) tied by a partial but recognizable strike of the small double circle Austin, Texas CDS 18 MAY. Green paper cover addressed to Doct John Moore, Henderson's Mills, Greene County, Tennessee. Very minor reduction at the right where opened, otherwise Very Fine.||$250.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin with minor edge gum toning) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Hem(p)stead (Texas) Mar 4, 1865." Folded Letter Complete (appears to be business related) addressed to T. W. House, Houston, Texas. Dateline of the letter and period receiving docketing all confirm the late 1865 use. The addressee was a wealthy Houston banker and businessman and served as Mayor of Houston in 1862. The letter is written on blue lined notebook paper roughly torn at the left, but the letter is completely intact.||$350.00|
||Stampless cover with the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS (no rate) 6 FEB (1863). A stampless Brownsville is not cataloged with no rate. The year of use is confirmed by period receiving docketing. Light brown coarse paper cover addressed to Mr. Franz Pressler, Austin City, Texas. Included with the cover is a lengthy letter written in 19th century German which has not been translated. The letter does not go with this cover as it is datelined "Camp Wharton, Brazoria County, Texas" and dated December 24, 1863 (over 10 months after the Brownsville postmark). But the letter is from the same correspondence as it is written to "Lieber Franz" the same name as the addresse of the cover. Brazoria County is on the Texas coast south of Galveston but not near Brownsville. Camp Wharton was a military camp and may have also been a camp of instruction. The letter may yield some interesting information it it could be translated. Some minor light staining and some minor edge wear, otherwise a Very Fine appearance.||$350.00|
||CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin just in at the top) Pen-Cancel and tied by a pen stroke and manuscript "Flora Texas May 8 (1862)." Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs Mary J Cheek, Weatherford PO, Parker Co., Texas. Very obscure use. Flora, Texas in Smith County (northeast Texas) was established in 1843 and a post office opened in 1849. Flora is listed as a CSA post office but does not appear in the new CSA catalog. The area thrived for awhile but went downhill with the Civil War, and Flora, Texas became a Ghost Town in the 1870's. This is the only cover I have ever seen from Flora, Texas. Unknown how many there are buried in Texas collections, but there cannot be many. Minor edge wear at the bottom, otherwise a Very Fine appearance. Old CSA Certificate from 1968 signed by Morris Everett.||$750.00|
||Stampless cover with a weak but recognizable strike of the Caldwell, Tex CDS dated 7 DEC (1861) and handstamp PAID 5(ms) Type A all in BLUE which is listed in the CSA catalog as an unsupported listing. This cover certainly supports the listing. Folded plain lettersheet (the page with the letter has been removed some time in the past) addressed to Rev Joel T. Daves, Waco, Texas. The addressee was the pastor of the Waco Methodist Church at the beginning of the war. Very clean cover.||$200.00|
||CSA #12 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and manuscript "Jacksonville, Texas April 14th (most likely 1864)." Addressed to E. H. Brooks, Logansport, La (not Trans-Mississippi). Very Fine.||$250.00|
||CSA #98xu3 Galveston, Tex
Stampless PAID 10 Provisional with somewhat weak but
recognizable strikes of the postal markings (date not apparent).
Addressed to Mrs. Susan E. Scott, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. "Lake
Creek Box" at lower left of unknown significance. Adversity Cover made from a
printed used ship's Bill of Lading for 2 cases of sardines, 18 coils of
rope, and 25 bags of coffee shipped from New York and bound for Lavaca,
Texas. Very clean cover.
The cover is part of the Scott-Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson as the addressee was married to John Newton Scott (no record of Confederate service) who was the brother of Lizzie Neblett.
|Two Galveston, Tex stampless provisional covers CSA #98xu2 from the same well-known Neblett Correspondence about one month apart. The covers were sent by William Henry Neblett (1826-1871) home to his wife "Lizzie" Scott Neblett. William Henry Neblett enlisted as a private in Co I 20th Tex Inf 3/9/1863. The unit essentially spent the war guarding theTexas coast at Galveston. In December 1863, Pvt Neblett was detailed to the Adjutant General's Office in Galveston. The Neblett Correspondence is well documented and contains quite a number of different covers between Galveston and Anderson including provisionals. Both provisional covers are adversity made from the same used Galveston ship's Bill of Lading form.|
||CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1994 CSA Certificate.||
||CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1997 CSA Certificate.||$1,500.00
cover with handstamp (Due) 10
postmark. Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Austin County,
Texas. Endorsed at upper left "From
J. P. Osterhout Adj 4th Inf ST." The
is similar to the Army of Tennessee field (Due) 10 mark
Type ATN-07. However, it is not an Army of Tennessee mark. Very Fine,
Bleuler, Ex Kaufmann.
John Patterson Osterhout (1826-1903) enlisted as a private in the 4th Tex Inf State Troops 12/1/1863. This was a 6 month militia regiment that disbanded in early 1864. The unit remained in Texas and was not part of the Army of Tennessee. Most likely the cover originated somewhere in Texas wherever the unit happened to be as there are several Texas towns that had a similar "10" handstamp. A detailed biography of John P. Osterhout is included with the cover.
cover with handstamp DUE
10 without a postmark, Addressed to Mrs. Pamela Ann
Holebrook, Woodville Post Office, Tyler County, Texas. Endorsed "From Samuel H. Holebrook in Co B
17 Consolidated Reg Dismounted Cavalry, Texas." Minor edge
wear, otherwise Very Fine Ex Myerson.
The 17th Tex Cav has a complicated history. The regiment was dismounted in April 1862, and most of the regiment was captured at Arkansas Post 1/11/1863. After exchange, the regiment ended up consolidated with a number of other units through to the end of the war. The regiment remained in the Trans-Mississippi, and later with the Army of Tennessee. The "DUE 10" handstamp is not a listed Army of Tennessee soldiers due field mark. The cover is undated, and the "DUE 10" mark, which is not particularly distinctive, could have come from almost anywhere in the Trans-Mississippi where the regiment happened to be. No information on the soldier who sent the cover. Certainly bears further research.
cover with the San
Antonio, Tex PAID integral CDS Type B and handstamp PAID 5 23 DEC (1861)
all in RED.
This San Antonio red PAID 5 handstamp is an unlisted use in the new CSA
Address to Captain E. C. Wharton, Army Depot, Houston, Texas. Capt
E. C. Wharton was a quartermaster at the Houston Army Depot and Chief
of the Texas Clothing Bureau during the war. Original Letter is
enclosed which is a lengthy letter from a wife to her husband. The
contents of the letter confirm the 1861 date. Minor stain and edge
fault bottom center. Letter with a few fold separations sealed with
archival tape. Full and strong strikes of the postal markings. Very
scarce Texas CSA postal use.
||Stampless cover with the Victoria, Tex CDS and a handstamp PAID 5 Type B (the "5" is well struck, but the PAID is only partially struck just to the left of the "5") 5 SEP 1861 all in RED-BROWN. Blue paper Folded Letter Complete (no war or political content) which confirms the 1861 date. Addressed to J. W. Caldwell Esq, Petersburgh, LaVaca County, Texas.Very Fine. Ex-Deaton, Ex-Hill.||$450.00|
cover with no postmark and a handstamp (Due) 10. Adversity Cover made from a
printed unused army form addressed to Mrs. Mattie Duff, Columbia,
Brazoria Co., Texas. Endorsed at top right "From Geo W. Duff Co A Browns
The printed form is double sided, so part of the printing is on the
outside of the cover. The top back flap has been resealed, and the
cover has not been cut for display. The unit in the address is the 35th Tex Cav
commanded by Col Reuben R. Brown. This unit was organized in September
1863 and assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department spending its time
mostly within Texas and then in 1864 in Louisiana. Since there
no postmark and no enclosure, there is no indication of the exact
origin of the cover. The "10" handstamp is quite generic, so it could
have come from anywhere. Given the unit's history, the cover most
likely originated somewhere in Texas or Louisiana. The "10" handstamp
was not applied on arrival in Columbia as it is not consistent with the
"10" handstamp listed as used in Columbia, Texas. Very Fine.
George Washington Duff (1839-1890) (listed as a lawyer in Columbia, Texas, on the 1860 census) entered service as 1st Lieut of Co A 35th Tex Cav on 9/1/1863 when the regiment was formed. After the war, he returned to Columbia and is buried there.
Reuben Robinson Brown (1808-1890) came to Texas in 1835 and fought for Texas independence with a very colorful history during the War for Texas Independence. At the time of the Civil War, he owned a plantation near the mouth of the Brazos River. He had service in several units before getting his own regiment (35th Tex Cav) in September 1863. A detailed biography of Reuben Robinson Brown is included with the cover.
Paid cover with the San
Antonio, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type E 19
DEC. Addressed to Mrs. G. W. Kendall, Boerne, Texas. Minor reduction at
the top where opened, otherwise Very Fine.
The addressee, Adeline de Valcourt Kendall (1830-1924) was the wife of George Wilkins Kendall (1809-1867), born in New Hampshire, who was a prominent journalist and author. He co-founded the New Orleans Picayune newspaper in 1837 and is considered the first American modern war correspondent for his coverage of the Mexican War 1846-1848. He also had an extensive sheep ranch operation in the vicinity of Boerne, Texas which he established in the 1850's. They had three sons, but none were old enough to have served in the war. His efforts led very much to the growth and development of the Texas county in which he lived that the county was named Kendall County in his honor in 1862.
Paid cover with the Jefferson,
Tex CDS and handstamp PAID
(postal use is not listed in the current CSA catalog) 31 July (1861).
Folded Letter Complete which dates the cover to 1861. Addressed to G.
W. Sentell Esq, Collinsburgh, La (Bossier Parish). The letter is
fragile with interior fold splits sealed with archival tape and insect
damage with nibbling at the top center.
George Washington Sentell (1823-1895) was a prominent merchant in Bossier Parish, La and aslo owned cotton plantations in Louisiana and Arkansas. The letter is from his brother John B. Sentell (1820-1873) and is datelined "China Grove July the 29th / 61." The letter talks about the crops (expecially cotton) and how poor the crops are this year because it is so dry and hot and other family news with no political or war references. What is interesting is that China Grove, Texas, is in Bexar County just east of San Antonio which is a long way from Jefferson, Texas, in Marion County in northeast Texas. The letter was apparently handcarried from China Grove to Jefferson (400+ miles) where it was mailed to continue on to Collinsburgh, Lousiana. (only about 55 miles from Jefferson, Texas).
||USA #26 with a Grid Cancel and the
matching small double circle Galveston,
CDS at the lower left 5 FEB 1861 (four days after the Texas Ordinance
of Secession was passed). Addressed to Miss Fannie H. Fletcher,
Granville, Licking County, Ohio. Lady's stationery cover with edge
embossing around the flaps on the back. Very Fine.
This cover illustrates a problem in current Texas Confederate collecting. Texas passed the Ordinance of Secession on 1 FEB 1861 which was appoved by the people by a referendum vote on 23 FEB 1861 to take effect 2 MAR 1861. Texas joined the CSA 5 MAR 1861. Texas historians, perfectly aware of the language of the ordinance, have long held that 1 FEB 1861 was the de facto date of secession because with the passage of the ordinance, Texas began immediately to act like a seceded state (sending representatives to the Confederate provisional congress, seizing federal property, taking steps to oust Unionist Governor Sam Houston etc). Texas joined the CSA on 5 MAR 1861. All prior Dietz CSA catalogs have included February 1861 as part of the USA Used in Independent (seceded) Texas period and recognized 1 FEB 1861 as the date of secession. That changed with the new CSA catalog. It was decided to literally interpret the Ordinance of Secession and totally drop February 1861 from the USA Used in Independent Texas period. This limited that period to only three days 2-4 MAR 1861 with the date of secession changed to 2 MAR 1861 which is technically correct. But that did not sit well with many Texas postal history collectors and is not in accord with most Texas historians acceptance of the 1 FEB 1861 date. So Texas collectors simply have to choose what they want to collect as the controversy continues. This is still a scarce use from February 1861 and in my opinion should be considered as part of the Confederate period for Texas (perhaps best described as a transitional period) as it is after the Ordinance of Secession was adopted by the state legislature.
||CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the small double circle Austin, Tex CDS 25 OCT. Coarse borwn paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Mrs Elisabeth P. Holt, Matagorda, Matagorda, Texas. Minor reduction at the left where opened and a repair to the left lower corner. Very clean appearing cover Ex-Powell.||$150.00|
||CSA #11 (AD) (margin
close on the left) tied by the Bonham,
(Fannin County) CDS 1 MAY. Yellow paper cover addressed to Col. B. H.
Epperson, Clarksville, Texas. Minor edge wear at the bottom left. Very
Benjamin Holland Epperson (1821-1878) was a prominent Texas politician and businessman who came to Texas from Mississippi in 1847. He settled in Clarksville and practised law. The title of "Col" was honorary and not associated with the Confederate Army. He was elected to the Second Texas Legislature in 1847 and ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1851. In the 1850's he became involved with the proposed Memphis, El Paso, and Pacific Railroad, and by 1860 he was one of the richest men in Texas. A staunch Unionist, he worked to keep Texas in the Union and advised Governor Sam Houston to accept the troops offered by Lincoln in March 1861. When secession became a reality, he did support the Confederate cause. He continued to be active in politics after the war and moved to Jefferson, Texas in 1871. He built his home in Jefferson known as the House of the Seasons which can still be seen today and is open to the puiblic for tours and is an operational bed and breakfast.
cover with the Eagle
Pass, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID
(no rate ) Type A OCT (1864). Addressed to -- Rosenberg, Esq,
Houston, Texas. From the same family correspondence as TX378 below. This is a cross-border folded
letter datelined "Matamoros 28 September 1864." The
letter originated in Matamoros, Mexico, and was carried most likely
under a separate cover to Monterey, Mexico, (the usual
point in Mexico to Eagle Pass) as there are no other postal
and no forwarding agent's mark and then on to Eagle Pass from Monterey.
Or less likely the cover was carried privately directly from
Matamoros cross-border to Eagle Pass and may or may
transited Monterey. The letter entered the Confederate mail in Eagle
Pass for delivery to Houston. Brownsville, Texas, the usual transfer
point from Matamoros was occupied by the Union November 1863 - July
1864, and cross-border mail was routed further west through Monterey
and Eagle Pass. Scarce
cross-border use from Matamoros to Houston (possibly via Monterey) and
via Eagle Pass.
The letter is lengthy and written in old German 19th century script
which has not been translated, so have no idea what is in the content
of the letter. The letter was also written on thin letter paper and is
fragile with multiple areas of ink erosions (some reinforced with
archival tape) secondary to the acidic ink of the period.
leave the letter folded and avoid too much handling.
The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
cover with the Victoria,
Tex CDS and handstamp PAID
(no rate) Type A 16 SEP (1862). Addressed to C.
Rosenberg Esq, Houston, Harris Co., Texas. From the same family
correspondence as TX377 above. Folded letter in
English from the addressee's cousin. The letter is lengthy about family
matters and traveling to Brownsville. Thin letter paper commercially
made with an embossed crown stationer's mark at the upper left corner,
but multiple pieces of the letter are missing. The missing pieces of
the letter are not noticeable when the letter is folded.
The large Rosenburg family emigrated as a family unit from Prussia to Texas in the 1840's and were quite successful in Texas.
||Stampless cover with the small single rim Lockhart, Tex CDS with an 11 OCT 1864 date and manuscript "Paid 10". Addressed to C. Brockman Esq, Col(lector) Dis(trict) 90, Fredericksburg(h), Texas. Folded Letter written on lined notebook paper which is a listing of land valuations for tax assessments. Minor toning and foxing, but still quite clean.||$275.00
||CSA #1 Vert Pair Stone 1 Position
45 (top stamp) and Position 5 (lower stamp) (Margins just
in at right and close at bottom with several transient printing flaws
vertical pair of stamps straddles the upper and lower transfer panes
and therefore demonstrates the horizontal narrow gutter between the two
transfer panes. Stamps are tied by the Jefferson, Tex
CDS 25 JUN (1862). Stamps pay the double weight rate. Addressed to Mrs
Mary E. Wilcox Care of Genl Knox, San Antonio, Texas. A pair straddling
the narrow gutter between the upper and lower panes is not cataloged in
Scott or the CSA catalog for the Stone 1 stamp. Very clean cover.
"General" William B. Knox (1825-1880) was both a pre-war and a post-war sheriff of Bexar County, Texas, and an influencial politician of his day. The title of "General" must have been honorary as no military connection was found.
Mary Emily (Donelson) Wilcox (1829-1905) was the sister of General Knox' wife. Her father was Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799-1871), a nephew of President Andrew Jackson and the President's Private Secretary. She was the first child actually born in the White House. She has a very extensive history herself being a relative of President Andrew Jackson. Her father was a Vice-Presidential candidate in 1856. She was married to Colonel John Alexander Wilcox (1819-1864) in 1852. The rank is from service in the Mexican War. Colonel Wilcox was himself a prominent politician having served as the Secretary of State of Mississippi before relocating to Texas. He represented Texas in the First Confederate Congress. He died of apoplexy at his home in San Antonio in 1864. Colonel Wilcox was the brother of CSA Major General Cadmus Wilcox. The families on this cover have quite an intertwined and extensive and very interesting history that could easily be researched further.
||CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by an excellent strike of the RIMLESS Brownsville, Tex CDS 23 MAY. Addressed to Miss Mary E. Compton, Chapel Hill, Washington County, Texas. Sealed tears and a repair at the top center not involving the stamp, postmark, or address. Cover still with a very decent appearance. This cover is from my own original personal collection that was broken up in 1993.||$250.00|
||Stampless cover with the Anderson, Tex CDS and manuscript "Due 10" 20 AUG. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Miss Cornelia T. Neblett, Navasoto, Grimes Co., Texas. Endorsed at left "R. Neblett member of Co D Youngs regiment." The soldier was Pvt R. M. Neblett of Co D 12th Tex Inf (also known as the 8th Tex Inf and Young's Regiment) commanded by Col Overton Stephen Young. Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade. Very Fine.||$400.00|
||Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type B 24 JUN (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. This cover is the listing cover for the Type B illustration in the new CSA Catalog. Minor clip to the lower left corner, otherwise a very clean cover with excellent strikes of the postal markings.||$425.00|
||Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID with 10(ms) Type A 10(ms) 26 DEC (1861). From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. Advertising Cover as the CDS is struck over lightly embossed oval advertising "Powell & Bro Merchants Jefferson City, Texas." Very clean cover.||$350.00|
||Stampless cover with the Jefferson, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 10 Type B 5 JUN (1861). Very early use only 5 days after the establishment of the Confederate postal service. From the Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans Corrspondence with the ususal filing pinholes. Top back flap missing, and some edge gum staining at the top center.||$200.00|
||USA Star Die with the Jefferson, Tex CDS 16 MAR 1861 USA Used in CSA Texas. Addressed to Stephen M. Cartwright Esq, St Augustine, Texas. Period docketing at the top relates to the original contents which are no longer with the cover. Slight period ink stain in the address. Top back flap missing. Still a clean appearing cover and a scarce use.||$250.00|
||Turned Cover --
First Use (inside) -- Commercially made Mourning Cover handcarried outside the postal system with no postal markings with a Military Address to Mr. G. D. Stuart, Care of Capt Peck, Waul's Legion, Nacodoches, Texas. At the top in a different hand is "8th Tex Inf Hawe's Brigade" which most likely identifies the source of the cover with one soldier writing to another. Therefore, this first use may have been carried by military courier. Since it is a Mourning Cover, it very possibly announced the death of a relative. This is speculative but not beyond the realm of possibility. The 8th Tex Inf (also known as the 12th Tex Inf) was attached to Hawe's Brigade beginning in early 1863 and extending into 1864. William D. W. Peck was Captain of Co D Waul's Texas Legion of Cavalry. That would date this use to at least early 1863.
Second Use (outside) -- The cover was refolded and used again with the black border on the inside. Second use is a stampless Soldier's Due 10 with the small double circle Marshall, Tex CDS and handstamp (Due) "10" Type F dated in early JUL 1863 (year date inverted in the CDS). Addressed to Mrs. J. T. Stewart, Fairfield, Texas. Endorsed at left "J. T, Stewart Sergt in Co "H' 28th Regt Tex Cav (DM), Walkers Division." The regiment was dismounted and converted to infantry in September 1862 and was never remounted. At the time of this cover, the unit was in the Vicksburg area attempting to relieve the siege but was not involved in the Vicksburg surrender. The unit's mail was routed through Marshall, Tex. A short history of the unit accompainies the cover.
One back flap is missing. Minor reinforcements to the back flap attachments from the reverse with nearly invisible archival tape. Opened for display. Very clean cover and a remarkable Texas soldier's use of a turned Mourning Cover.
||CSA #7 Vert Pair affixed sideways (4-Margin) tied by a somewhat weak but recognizable strike of the small double circle Marshall, Tex CDS with a MAY date. Light coarse brown paper cover which appears to be homemade addressed to Saml F. Mosely Esq, Jefferson, Texas. Very Fine appearing cover.||$225.00|
||USA Star Die with Patent Lines with the small single rim Linden, Tex CDS 19 MAY (1861) USA Used in CSA Texas. Addressed to Mr. Sam H. Quinn, Falcon PO, Columbia County, Ark. The cover is dated one day after Arkansas joined the CSA. The cover shows some soiling, some edge tears, and has been repaired along the right side where opened roughly. Certainly the cover has problems, but currently this cover is belived to be the only recorded example of US postage used from this Texas town during the Confederate period and is the basis for the CSA Catalog listing. Ex-Camina Texas Postal History Collection.||$400.00|
||CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Velasco, Tex CDS 31 MAR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith, Huntsville, Texas. Very clean cover.||$200.00|
||CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 35 (margin touches at the left) tied by the usual partial strike of the Houston, Tex CDS 18 APR (1862). Orange paper cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas. Very Fine, Ex-Tate.||$400.00|
||Stampless cover with the small single rim Jasper, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type C 26 NOV (1861). This is a woodcut handstamp of which only very few examples are known. From the well-known Carroll, Hoy & Co New Orleans Correspondence with the usual filing pin holes. Very clean cover. Unsigned note on the back by Van Dyk MacBride, Ex-Kohn, Ex-Camina.||$400.00|
||Stampless cover with a full bold strike of the Wheelock, Texas (full name of the state spelled out in the postmark) and manusctipt "Paid" no rate 30 June (1864). Folded letter written on blue-lined notebook paper and datelined "Port Sullivan Tex June 28/ 64." One page letter dealing with taxes. Addressed to W. T. Ballinger, Houston, Texas. Wheelock is a scarce Texas CSA postmark from Robertson County. Very Fine. Ex- John Hill.||$550.00|
||Stampless PAID cover with the small single rim New Danville, Tex CDS 26 JUL (1861) and manuscript "Paid 5cts." Addressed to John T. Hardie & Co., New Orleans, La. New Danville in Rusk County was an obscure Texas post office established in 1852 and closed in 1873. That area is now a ghost town. Top back flap missing, minor reduction at the top, and minor ink erosion in the address. Still a very clean cover. This cover is the listing cover for the New Danvile, Tex, CSA catalog listing. Ex-Camina.||$275.00|
||Two Texas Stampless PAID Covers --
First Cover - Hallettsville, Tex CDS (Lavaca County) 23 MAY with handstamp PAID in a circle Type A (no rate). Addressed to G. D. Gay Esqr, Lattington PO, Bee Co., Texas. CDS partially struck off the cover, otherwise Very Fine. Ex-Camina.
Second Cover - Handstamp PAID in a circle (same as the Type A in the first cover but somewhat overinked) with a manuscript "10" but no postmark. From the Carroll Hoy & Co., New Orleans, La Correspondence. Why no postmark is a mystery as this is not a drop letter. It has been suggested by a notation on the reverse that it may have gone by ship, but there is no way to confirm that. The address would date the cover to late 1861 or early 1862 before the fall of the city. Today's road mile distance Hallettsville to New Orleans is less than 500 miles but must have been more than 500 miles in 1861-1862 by the postal routes to account for the 10c rate. Minor reduction at the top, otherwise Very Fine.
The two covers are offered together as the first cover confirms that the second cover is also from Hallettsville, Texas.
||USA #26 pen-cancelled and manuscript postal markings to the left "Pleasonton, Texas May 16th 1861" USA Used in CSA Texas. Yellow paper cover addressed to Mrs. Richard Logan, Halifax C(ourt) House, Virginia. Obscure use from Atascosa County, Texas, south of San Antonio Trans-Mississippi to Virginia. Unobtrusive edge repair at the upper left not affecting anything. A very clean appearing cover.||$300.00|
|Stampless cover with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS and handstamp PAID 5 Type B 5 AUG 1862. The date in the CDS is clearly 1862 which means the cover is either underpaid or quite possibly there is a date error in the CDS. By August 1862, the rate was 10c for any distance. Orange paper cover addressed to T. M. Jackson Esq., Columbia, Texas. Small reduction at the right. Exceptionally clean cover.||$300.00|