CONFEDERATE POSTAL HISTORY
PART 4

Tennessee -- Texas


New Covers Added 5 SEP 2019

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AD = Archer & Daly || KB = Keatinge & Ball || CDS = Circle Date Stamp || (ms) = manuscript

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Table of Contents
TENNESSEE TEXAS






-- TENNESSEE --

TN155

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with a partial but very recognizable strike of the Shelbeyville, Ten CDS 25 FEB Dietz Type II. Coarse paper homemade cover addressed to Mr. Rob Lowry Atlanta, Geo. Some backflap tears but otherwise Very Fine.
$150.00
TN245

CSA #5 (irregular margin and faults) pen-canceled and manuscript “Tyner, Ten Sept 30 (1862)” across the top. Addressed to Mrs. Ann Cox Care of Mr. H. Worley, Oxford, Miss. Minor small water stain at bottom center and shows just a little wear. Still a very clean and attractive cover with a scarce usage. Ex-Boshwit.
$500.00
TN276

CSA #1 Stone 2 Vert Pair from the right lower corner Positions 40, 50 (90, 100) (4-Margin with large sheet margins right and bottom and a few very light barely noticeable small scuffs) tied to cover by the usual somewhat blurred strike of the Blue Nashville, Ten CDS 21 JAN (1862).  Yellow paper cover addressed to Mr. S. Mary PO Box 2469 New Orleans.  Part of backflap missing and a little edge wear but otherwise very clean with an excellent position pair of stamps.  Ex-Gallagher. $550.00

Chickamauga (also known as Chickamauga Station) is a listed CSA post office in Hamilton County, Ten located near Chattanooga and not far from the Georgia border. As an established CSA post office, the postmaster would have handled mail presented to him by the local inhabitants as well as by any Confederate Army units in the area. During the Chattanooga Campaign (Chattanooga fell to the Union 9/9/1863 and was subsequently placed under siege by the Confederate Army with the Battle of Chickamauga fought 19-20 Sept 1863) the little Chickamauga post office became overwhelmed with army mail. The Chickamauga postmaster first serviced his mail with manuscript markings. But some time during this period, the postmaster made or had made a simple typeset handstamp device with “Chicamauga” (“k” is missing in the handstamp) in a semi-circular configuration with a separate three line datestamp which was used to cancel the stamp. These markings have long been considered as Army of Tennessee field postal markings and are listed as such in the 1986 Dietz Catalog. But that is not necessarily true. While it is true that army covers would receive these marks, Chickamauga as a listed CSA post office was not exclusively set up as an army post office. So the marks could have been used on local civilian mail as well. The editors working on the army field cancel section of the new Confederate catalog have recognized this and removed the marking from the Army Field Cancel section. Unfortunately, the semi-circular Chicamauga marking is not illustrated or listed anywhere in the current CSA catalog. That does not lessen the fact that the manuscript Chickamauga covers are very scarce items. And the Chicamauga semi-circular handstamp is even scarcer with only perhaps a dozen or so covers known bearing this mark with dates in OCT and NOV 1863. The Chickamauga post office ceased operations in late November 1863 when the Confederate Army abandoned the Lookout Mountain lines and retreated south. This is distinct from the actual Army of Tennessee field post office set up by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of the city using the Chattanooga postmark (known as the “rover” with latest known use in late January 1864) and the Army of Tenn straight line handstamp used November 1863 into March 1864.
TN284

“Chickamauga, Tenn Sept 7 (1863) Due 10” all in manuscript with soldiers endorsement at left “J. R. Riggs Co G 27th Miss Regt.”  Addressed to Mrs. F. E. Smith, Prattville Po Office, Autauga County, Ala.  Cover dated just two days before the fall of Chattanooga.  Two weeks after this cover was sent, the 27th Miss Inf was actively engaged in the Battle of Chickamauga with significant casualties.  Minor file fold at the bottom and minor backflap opening tears, but still a Very Fine cover.  Ex-Matz,Ex-Boshwit, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN285

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but a little close at the top) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 6 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Exceptionally strong strikes of these scarce postal markings.  Coarse brown paper cover which appears to be a homemade adversity cover addressed to Mrs. G. A. Miles, Bridgeville Pickens Co., Ala.  Cover was most likely sent by Lieut George A. Miles Co K 43rd Ala Infantry to his wife.  The 43rd Ala Inf was an Army of Tennessee unit that fought gallantly at the Battle of Chickamauga and suffered heavy losses.  At the time of this cover, the regiment was positioned on Missionary Ridge until withdrawn from the line with the remainder of the army on 11/18/1863.  Cover is complete with just a little corner and edge wear but is still certainly one of the finest examples of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking.  Ex-Gallagher, Ex-Murphy, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN286

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “OCT 25 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left.  Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. This cover is currently the earliest recorded usage date of the Chicamauga handstamp, but earlier usages may exist yet to be recorded. Addressed to Mrs. Thos. F. Hooper, Okolona Chickasaw Co., Miss. There is no Thomas F. Hooper listed as a soldier from Mississippi. There is only one Thomas F. Hooper listed in the Confederate Army. Lieut Thomas Foster Hooper (b1832) Co I 29th Ga Inf may be the one who sent this cover as the regiment was in the Chickamauga area at the time and took part in the battle. Cover is very clean with a small reduction at the right just into the last line of the address. But still an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this marking. Ex-Grant, Ex-Everett, Ex-Alex Hall, Ex-Walske. SOLD
TN366

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) tied by the three line date stamp “NOV 2 1863” with the matching Chicamauga semicircular typeset handstamp to the left. Very nice strikes of these scarce postal markings. Addressed to Mrs Dr U. G. Owen Care of Mary Dobson, Rockford, Surrey Co., N. Carolina. Routing at lower left "via Columbia, S. Carolina." The cover was sent by Dr. Urban Grammer Owen (1833-1903) to his wife. Dr. Owen was the Surgeon of the 4th Ten Inf an Army of Tennessee unit. He married Laura Ann Dobson in 1859. After the war, he practiced medicine in Williamson County, Tennessee. Cover with a clean appearance with just a little light foxing and edge wear. Minor reduction on the left where the cover was opened not affecting anything. The cover is an excellent example of the dozen or so covers recorded with this scarce marking.  SOLD
TN388
9/5/2019
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin but close left and right) Pen-Cancel and manuscript “Chickamauga” with an early Oct (1863) date across the top. Chickamauga is listed as a CSA post office in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Addressed to Mr. William D. Kimbrell, Cold Springs Post Office, Edgefield District, South Carolina. Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. William D. Kimbrell (1800-1867) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 60 year old farmer in Edgefield District SC. He had one son, James Kimbrell, who served in Co I (Edgefield Guards) 24th SC Inf which was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Pvt James Kimbrell was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father about 2 1/2 weeks after the battle. Very Fine. $400.00
TN389
9/5/2019
CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) Pen-Cancel and matching manuscript “Chickamauga, T(en) Oct 18 (1863).” Addressed to Mr. Flemming Rice, Rome, Ga.  Most of the mail going through the small Chickamauga post office in October 1863 was Army of Tennessee mail. Flemming Rice (1802-1873) is listed on the 1860 census as a fairly wealthy 58 year old farmer in Floyd County, Georgia, He had one son, John H. Rice (1843-1911), who served as a Pvt (later Sergt) in Co G 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment enlisting 5/11/1862. Sergt Rice surrendered with his unit at Greensboro NC 4/26/1865. The 1st Confederate Infantry Regiment was an Army of Tennessee unit and fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. Sergt John H. Rice was most likely the sender of this cover home to his father. Light water staining left side of cover but still a very clean appearance. $350.00

TN290

CSA #56x2 two singles in slightly different color shades (one stamp overlaps the other and there are preaffixing corner edge tears on both stamps in the margin only which do not detract) tied together and to the cover by the Memphis, Ten CDS 15 JUL (1861).  It has been suggested that the left stamp is the rare pelure thin paper variety.  But there are those who do not believe that such a variety even exists.  Addressed to C. D. Barksdale Esq, Charleston, So. Ca.  The addressee was Captain of Co L 1st SC Inf also known as the Carolina Light Infantry.  Clean cover with a minor edge repair at the top left and most of backflap missing, but still very presentable and very exhibitable. $2,250.00
TN300

CSA #12c (AD) (4-Margin Greenish-Blue) tied by the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 4 OCT (1863).  This is the Chattanooga “Rover” with the Chattanooga postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel by the Chattanooga postmaster after the fall of Chattanooga to the Union 9/9/1863. This is also an adversity use of a USA 3c Red Star envelope where the stamp was placed over the embossing. The stamp has been lifted and hinged to the left in order to display the embossing. Addressed to Mrs. S. F. H. Holland, Fair-play Anderson Dist, So. Ca. Backflap missing but otherwise Very Fine. $350.00
TN317

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin but close right and bottom) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS 23 FEB 1863. Addressed to Gen Ragan PM (Postmaster), Ragans Station, Ten. Reagan’s Station (mispelled on the cover) was a station on the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad 9 miles NE of Athens, Ten. Reagan’s Station, Ten is not listed as a Confederate post office and is also not listed in the 1863 Appleton’s US Postal Guide. It is possible that a small short-lived post office was established there because of the railroad and was never recorded. Adversity Cover made from a used ledger sheet which appears to be a freight listing. Very Fine. $400.00
TN321

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by the Tullahoma, Ten CDS 11 MAY 1863. Light yellow paper cover addressed to Miss Lizzie W. Shepherd Care of Mrs Moses Anderson, Mobile, Ala. Small reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine.         $350.00
TN337

CSA #56x2 5c Red Memphis Provisional (4-Margin with a little gum toning and pre-affixing faults) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 14 SEP (1861). Addressed to Z. M. Shackelford Esq, Macon, Tenn. Period military endorsement at top left “From Johndee Mitchell Lieut in Quartermaster’s Department Genl G. J. Pillow’s Brigade.” This is a cover FRONT ONLY with a little edge wear. Ex-Matz. $700.00
TN340

CSA #61x5 Nashville 5c Provisional Violet Brown (4-Margin but close at the left) tied by a partial strike of the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 12 OCT 1861. Matching BLUE Nashville PAID handstamp often found on Nashville provisional covers. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. & Mrs J. M. Hatcher, Eagleville, Williamson Co., Tenn. The cover is missing the top backflap and has a small reduction at the left not affecting anything. Very clean appearance and an excellent example of this scarce provisional on cover. $3,250.00
TN346

CSA #3 (5 singles 4 of which were part of a strip of 4) tied together and to the cover by three strikes of the Murfreesboro, Ten CDS 11 DEC 1862. Addressed to Mrs. B. W. Duke Care of Mrs. H. L. McEl--, Charleston, Tenn. The addressee was the wife of CSA General Basil Wilson Duke (1838-1916) who at this time was Colonel of the 2nd Ky Cav (CSA) in Morgan’s command. His wife was the sister of CSA General John Hunt Morgan. However, the address is not in Basil Duke’s handwriting. The sender is unknown as there is no enclosure. The cover is dated about 3 weeks prior to the Second Battle of Murfreesboro (Stones River) on 12/31/1862 in which Morgan’s command took an active role. The cover has been professionally cleaned and with a professional expert restoration at the right side (most likely to restore a rough opening) which includes part of the stamp at the far right. The restoration work does not include any of the postmarks. The restoration work is extremely well done and is very difficult to identify. A Molesworth note on the reverse states that it is an XF cover and makes no mention of the restoration. The cover is listed in the 1998 Warren Census of 2c Green covers, and the restoration is noted in the census. The restoration gives the cover an overall very clean and very fine appearance. $4,000.00
TN350

CSA #56x1 Memphis 2c Blue Provisional with an intense dark blue color shade (margin touches at bottom) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 8 DEC 1861. Addressed locally as a Drop Letter to S. H. Tobey Esq, City. Cover front which has been professionally rebacked to a very fine appearance. Listed on Page 205 of the Crown Survey. $3,000.00
TN352

CSA #7 Horz Pair (small nick at the top center of the right stamp) tied by a full strike of the Shelbyville, Ten CDS 1 APR. Light coarse brown paper cover addressed to Miss M. E. Rush, Whitesville, Harris County, Georgia. Very light water staining but still a very clean appearing cover. $125.00
TN353

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margins just a little irregular) tied by a partial strike of the Morristown, Ten CDS with a second full strike of the CDS to the left 22 JAN (1863). Morristown covers for some unknown reason always have two strikes of the postmark. Coarse brown paper homemade adversity cover. Addressed to Mr. Sam Fain, Mossy Creek, Tenn. Period docketing at the left dates the cover to January 1862 which is incorrect because of the stamps used. Correct year is 1863. Very Fine Cover. $175.00
TN355

Handstamp PAID 10 with the Nashville, Ten CDS Type F all in BLUE 31 OCT 1861. Addressed to Asa Holland, Halesford, Franklin Co., Va. The addressee was the Halesford postmaster. Interesting cover in that there is an inside postal use manuscript “Wilsonville, Ala Pd 5 Oct 26 (1861)” addressed to Mess Graves Marks & Co., Nashville, Tenn. The cover is made from blue-lined notebook paper and appears to be a turned use. More likely the first use was a full folded letter. The letter part was separated, and what was left was used to make a cover for the second use. Very unusual to find such an adversity cover this early in the Confederate period. Very Fine. $475.00
TN356

CSA #56xu1 5c Red Memphis Press-Printed Provisional Envelope with no postal markings. The cover is addressed locally in Tennessee indicating that the cover was hand-carried outside the postal system. An attempt was made some time in the past to erase the address, and most of the address has been eradicated. This was a fairly common practice in the early days of postal history collecting as the families would sometimes erase or cut out or in some other way obliterate the address for privacy reasons before releasing the cover for sale. The cover is otherwise clean and still a scarce item. $750.00
TN357

CSA #1b Stone 2 Position 6 in an intensely Dark Green color shade (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Balloon Russellville, Tenn CDS with a MAR 1862 date. Addressed to Mr. Cashier of the Branch of the Planters Bank, Athens, Tennessee. Very Fine. $300.00
TN358

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (margin tight on the left) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS 25 MAR 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. C. H. Masters, Huntsville, Alabama. Unobtrusive repair to the lower right corner of the cover with a minor edge stain at lower right. Very clean appearing cover. $200.00
TN359

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) very dry printing (4-Margin) tied by the Memphis, Ten CDS with a MAR 1862 date. Addressed to Mrs. Mary A. Robinson, Eutaw, Ala. Small cover with an opening reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise Very Fine. $275.00
TN361

CSA #17xu2 Chattanooga, Ten PAID 5 Provisional 9 JUL 1861. Addressed to Miss C. H. Keith, Athens, Tennessee. Upper right corner repaired which includes a small part of the upper right of the provisional mark. Clear strikes of the postal markings and still quite an attractive and scarce cover. There are only five covers recorded in the Crown Survey. This cover is one of the five reported on Page 405. Ex-Hart. $1,500.00
TN362

CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin irregular at the left) tied by the small single rim Clinton, Ten CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Mrs. Thomas J. Howard, Lexington, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Adversity Cover made from a printed but unused South Carolina Railroad form displayed flapped down from the upper left corner. Thomas J. Howard enlisted as a private in Co A 56th Ga Inf 4/25/1862. He is listed as captured as a POW at the Battle of Franklin (Ten) 12/17/1864 (the last major action of the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater) and released from the Camp Chase prison 6/13/1865. Very clean cover. $250.00
TN363

Handstamp PAID 5 Type A with the Union City Tennessee CDS. Large circular postmark with negative white letters on a black background which is also dateless. This postmark is recognized as a very distinctive unusual Confederate postmark. Addressed to Miss Mary Elmore, Montgomery, Ala Care J. A. Elmore Esq. Period receiving docketing on the reverse "Recd Oct 4 (1861), Ans Oct 6, 1st Letter after joining the army." There is no enclosure, but the cover is obviously from a soldier who is not identified and most likely a friend or a relative. Mary Elmore married Warren Stone Reese in 1863 who at the time was Capt of Co K 1st Ala Cav and later in 1864 Colonel of  the 12th Ala Cav. After the war Col Reese later served as the Mayor of Montgomery 1881-1885. Very clean cover and a very nice example of this scarce postmark. Signed by Brian Green. $875.00
TN364

CSA #11c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS. Date appears to be 26 DEC (1863) which would make this an example of Chattanooga "Rover" postmark used as an Army of Tennessee field cancel after the fall of the city. Adversity Cover made from a used Southern Express Company Way Bill displayed flapped up from the bottom and flapped over from the right. Addressed to Mr. James H. Barr, Wallstreet (not sure of the designation), Jackson Co., Ga. There is no Wallstreet listed in Jackson County, Georgia. So this must be a local name. However, there is a Wall Station listed in the county. James Hinson Barr (1807-1883) of Jackson County, Georgia had four sons of military age during the war. Cover most likely sent by one of his sons in the Army of Tennessee. Very Fine Adversity Cover. $450.00
TN365

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Greenville, Ten CDS 21 OCT (1862). Addressed to Mr. R. J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga.  Minor back flap opening tear and small spindle holes upper left, otherwise Very Fine with a very nice stamp. $400.00
TN367

CSA #1 (probably Stone 2 but a very dry printing and not plated) (4-Margin) tied by the Whitesburg, Ten CDS with an APR (1862) date. Small but complete cover addressed to Robt J. Lowry Esq., Atlanta, Geo. Very Fine. $300.00
TN368

CSA #1c two singles Stone A/B Olive Green (one with 4 large margins and the other just touching at the lower right) tied together and to the cover by the BLUE Nashville, Ten CDS 20 DEC (1861). Addressed to J. F. Baugh, Lynchburg, Va. Nice stamps and a clean cover. $400.00
TN370

CSA #2 Paterson (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 1 JAN 1862 (New Years Day). Addressed to Miss L. O. Stansell, Bridgeville, Ala.Very Fine. Ex-Gallagher, Ex-Powell. $225.00
TN371

CSA #2 H&L Pos 43 (93) (4-Margin with a lower sheet margin affixed sideways) tied by a partial strike of the Chattanooga, Ten CDS 18 JUL 1862. Orange paper cover addressed to Miss Florida Harn, Tampa, Florida. Any Confederate cover related to Tampa, Florida is scarce. Very clean cover with a reduction at the right. Ex-Powell. $350.00
TN373

CSA #1 Stone 1 (not plated) (4-Margin) tied by a full strike of the Rodgersville, Ten CDS 5 JUN (1862). Addressed to Geo. W. Bradfield Esqr., P.O.D (Post Office Department), Richmond, Va. Extremely Fine. Ex- MacBride, Haas, Hill, and Gimmelson. $400.00
TN375

CSA #6 Single Use Prior to the Rate Change (4-Margin) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Ten CDS 18 MAY 1862. Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mrs. J. W. Anderson, Pattonsburg, Bot(etort) Co., Va. Postmaster instruction at the lower left "If not here please forward." Very Clean Cover. Ex-Bogg. $175.00
TN378

Stampless Nashville, Ten CDS handstamp PAID 10 Type F all in blue 11 OCT 1861. Addressed to Genl Wm G. Webb, Lagrange, Texas. The addressee was a Brig-Gen of Texas State Troops so his rank was a state rank and not a Confederate rank. Period receiving docketing at the left. Clean cover with a lttle mild edge wear, reduced at left not affecting anything, minor erosions which do not detract, and a small reduction at the right.  $200.00
TN379

CSA #47xu5 partial strike of the Knoxville, Ten PAID 5 Handstamp Provisional marking (CC KNO-TN-E03 Type E). Manuscript date 30 JUL 1861. This cover is the one listed in the Confederate Catalog as the earliest recorded use of this postal marking. Addressed to Mr. James Lynn Kingsport, E. Tennessee via Rogersville. Just a little foxing and some very minor edge wear but still very attractive with the easily recognizable Knoxville provisional mark. There has been some discussion in the past as to whether these Knoxville marks are in fact true provisionals applied in advance or applied at the time of posting. However, they are currently listed in both Scott and the Confederate Catalog and accepted as provisional uses. CSA Certificate 2013. $900.00

TN381
4/13/2019
CSA #2 Paterson (margin close at top left) tied by the large single rim Knoxville, Tenn CDS with a SEP date. Wallpaper Cover with a brown stylized floral pattern which can be displayed flapped down from the top. Addressed to Capt J. H. Spear, Warsaw, Alabama. Wallpaper covers from Tennessee are not commonly seen especially bearing a 10c Blue Lithograph stamp. Could not find a record on a Capt Spear. May be an old or honorary rank. Or may be a state militia or home guard rank. Very Clean Cover.$1,000.00

TN383
6/26/2019
CSA #7 Horz Pair (margin close at the top) tied by the Greenville, Ten. CDS 19 MAY. Blue paper cover addressed to James Whitaker, Valley Town, Cherokee Co., NC. Routing instruction at lower left "via Cleveland, Tenn." Back flap opening tears, otherwise a very fine appearance.$125.00

TN385
6/26/2019
Stampless Kingston, Ten small single rim CDS 11 APR (1862) with handstmap PAID over manuscript "Paid" with 5(ms) Type A 5(ms). Coarse brown paper cover addressed to Mr. William J. Hornsby, Chattanooga, Tenn. Very Fine.$150.00

TN386
6/26/2019
Stampless Athens, Ten small double circle CDS 8 SEP 1861 (year date is inverted in the CDS) with handstamp PAID 5 Type A. Addressed to Mr. William S. McEwen, Kingston, Tennessee. Very Fine. Ex-Oswald.$150.00

TN387
7/3/2019
CSA #1 Stone 2 Position 49 (margin close on the left and with a little edge gum toning) with the BLUE Winchester, Ten CDS 18 JAN (1862). The stamp is tied to the cover by the matching Winchester, Ten BLUE handstamp PAID 5 Type A. This is a scarce mark to begin with and even scarcer used to cancel a stamp. The PAID 5 handstamp paid no postage as the postage was paid by the stamp. Folded lettersheet with the page with the letter removed some time in the past addressed to Mr. E. R. Standy, Town Creek, Ala.$400.00


-- TEXAS --

TX130

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Houston, Tex CDS Dietz Type B (date not apparent). Endorsed across the top “From Sergt J. E. Wallis 20th (Elmores) Texas Regt.” Clean coarse paper cover addressed to Mrs. Kate Wallis Chappell Hill, Texas. The 20th Texas Regt essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. Very Fine.
$250.00
TX157

Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Galveston, Tex double circle CDS (usual weak strike but easily recognizable) Dietz Type C 21 OCT 1863. Endorsed at upper right “From J. M. Seymour Comp C 2nd Tex Vol Inf.” Addressed to Mrs. John Adriance Columbia Brazoria County, Texas. The 2nd Tex Inf was surrendered and paroled at Vicksburg in JUL 1863. The regiment was declared exchanged in SEP 1863 and reorganized in the Galveston area. Very clean cover from the Adriance Correspondence.
$250.00
TX158

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the usual weak strike of the Houston, Tex CDS (date not apparent) Dietz Type I. Military Address to Lieut H. L. Rankin Hempstead, Texas. Clean cover slightly reduced at left not affecting anything.
$125.00
TX170

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin affixed upside down) tied by a partial strike of the Larissa, Tex CDS 8 FEB (1865). Folded Letter complete written on lined notebook paper and confirms the 1865 Larissa usage. Addressed to Genl Hayden H. Edwards Nacogdoches, Tex. Hayden H. Edwards was a very prominent Nacogdoches citizen and businessman at the time. He was active in the Texas Independence from Mexico movement in the 1830’s. The title of “General” was honorary and not related to the Confederate Army. The letter itself is entirely business and concerns a land deal. Excellent CSA Texas 1865 usage and a very late Texas usage for these stamps from an obscure town in Cherokee County. Very Fine.
$400.00
TX199

“Paid” in manuscript (no rate) with the Courtney, Tex CDS 24 FEB (1863). Folded Letter complete to Mrs Ema E. Allen Washington, Texas. The letter gives the exact year date. The letter is a lengthy letter from a lady to her sister. Very poignant letter as the writer is despondent over the recent death of a loved one (presumably her husband). Cover is very clean and represents somewhat obscure Texas usage from Grimes County. The folded letter is actually written in a ledger page, and the interior folds are quite fragile. But the folds have been reinforced with archival quality tape. Very Fine appearance.
$300.00
TX214

Handstamp PAID 10(ms) with a full strike of the Jefferson, Tex CDS Dietz Type I 10(ms) 14 NOV (1861). Cover is from the well-known Carroll Hoy & Co New Orleans, La Correspondence. A little light foxing but otherwsie a Very Fine appearance.
$325.00
TX216

Handstamp PAID 10 with the Belton, Tex CDS 15 NOV (1862) Dietz Type IB. Light brown coarse paper cover (appears homemade) addressed to Mr. John M. Webster, Bastrop, Texas. Very clean cover with bold strikes of the the postal markings and an uncommon Texas usage. Ex-Hill.
$300.00
TX235

Handstamp PAID 10 with the small double circle Galveston, Tex CDS Dietz Type IC 6 APR. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. H. L. Rankin Esq, Hempstead, Texas. Clean cover reduced a bit at the right and a sealed edge tear bottom center.
$150.00
TX252

Handstamp PAID 10 with the San Antonio, Tex CDS Dietz Type III 8 MAR (1865 by period receiving docketing). Manuscript “Due 10” added possibly for being overweight. Addressed to Mr. Tom B. Chase, Shreveport, La. Period notation on the face of the cover in the same hand as the address “Important Quaker letter.” Cover shows a little light foxing and edge wear with a sealed edge tear top center and with part of backflap missing, but remains quite an attractive cover showing a very late usage.
$375.00
TX260

Folded Letter complete with a partial strike of the Navasota, Tex CDS with no rate addressed to San Felipe, Texas. The letter is written in old German script (a large community of German immigrants lived in Texas at this time) and clearly dates the usage to MAY 1863. A second letter from the same correspondence dated JUL 1864 is included with the cover. The letters have been transcribed and translated by a university professor who can read the old German handwriting.  A full transcript of both letters is included.  The letters are between husband and wife, Gustav and Justiny Friedrich.  Gustav is apparently with the soldiers as he states that he has been through eight battles.  However, there is no record of a Gustav Friedrich serving in the Confederate Army.  From the letters, he appears to be a teamster and may be a civilian hired contractor or perhaps a member of the militia.  War period Confederate letters from German immigrants are not common as many are in the archives or still with the families.  Few minor sealed internal tears but otherwise a very clean folded letter.
$250.00
TX275

Handstamp PAID (no rate) with the Anderson, Tex CDS 14 FEB addressed to Mr. T. W. House, Houston, Tex.  Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper and datelined Head Qrts 1st Reg Texas Reserves Camp Robertson near Plantersville, Tex and dated 12 FEB 1865. Nice late usage.  The short letter dealing with cotton is written and signed by James W. Barnes (1815-1892) who was the Lieut Col of the 4th Tex Inf State Troops 1863-1864 and at the end of the war was the Colonel of theTexas Reserve Corps.  Very Fine. $300.00
TX279

Manuscript Soldiers “Due 10” with no other postal markings.  Addressed to Mrs. J. M. Osterhout, Bellville, Tex.  Endorsed at upper left “From J. P. Osterhout Adjt 4th Tex S(tate) T(roops).”  The 4th Tex Inf State Troops was a home guard unit organized in 1863 for six months service.  Other endorsed covers in the Osterhout correspondence places the unit in the Houston area which is most likely where this cover originated.  A non contemporary notation most likely referring to the original letter which is no longer with the cover dates the cover to DEC 1863.  Very clean cover. $200.00
TX311

CSA #4 Horz Pair Stone 3 Positions 22-23 (irregular margins and preaffixing faults) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 13 JUL (1862). Orange paper cover reduced at the left about 1/2” not affecting anything. Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. The Stone 3 stamp used in Texas is not commonly seen. $600.00
TX312

CSA #6 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the San Antonio, Tex PAID CDS 22 OCT. Orange paper cover addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smith(?), Huntsville, Texas. Reduced at left about 1 inch. Very clean cover. $350.00
TX313

CSA #7 Vert Pair (margins a little close) tied by the rimless Brownsville, Tex CDS 2 MAR (1865). Very late Use. Orange paper cover addressed to Mr. Horace V. Freeman, Bandera, Texas. Receiving docketing on the front of the cover “Rec’d Mar 15, 1865” confirms the year of use. A little edge wear but still a very clean cover. $400.00
TX324

CSA #98xu2 Galveston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the usual weak strike of the woodcut provisional mark which is still easily identifiable. Galveston, Tex small double circle CDS dated in NOV. From the Neblett Correspondence addressed to Mrs. L. S. Neblett, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Adversity Cover made from a printed used ship's Bill of Lading displayed flapped up from the left lower corner. Very clean cover with a 1994 CSA Certificate. $1,500.00
TX325

CSA #40xu2 Houston, Tex PAID 10 Provisional with the posvisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 17 OCT 1862. Black bordered commercially made Mourning Cover from the well-documented Adriance Correspondence addressed to Mrs. John Adriance, Columbia, Brezoria County, Texas. Cover with part of backflap missing, edge wear at the right, and a clipped upper right corner not affecting the postal markings which are quite strong for the Houston provisional. $850.00
 TX326

CSA #70xu2 Richmond, Texas PAID 10 Provisional with the provisional mark struck in red and the postmark in black dated 13 OCT (1863). Folded Letter Complete written on lined notebook paper which dates the cover to 1863. Addressed to W. P. Ballinger, Houston, Texas. The letter is about the sickness of one Col Potter and goes into deep detail about the illness. There is also an interesting period notation on the back of the cover concerning a runaway slave named Cyrus. This cover is Ex-Phillips and is listed on Page 310 of the Crown Survey. Somewhat weak, as is usual, strike of the red provisional mark but still quite legible and an otherwise Very Fine and scarce cover. CSA Certificate 1981. Refer to recent article in The Confederate Philatelist concerning stampless provisional covers with charge box notations.
$1,500.00
TX328

Handstamp PAID 10 with no postmark and a "Charge Box 66" notation. Folded Letter complete which identifies the town of origin as Clarksville, Texas and dates the use to 17 NOV 1863. This is the Type B Clarksville handstamp as illustrated in the new CSA Catalog. Addressed to Saml F. Mosley Esqr, Jefferson, Texas. The letter is a short business letter and deals with the payment of taxes on sugar. When unfolded, the letter paper is a bit rough on the left side, but this is removed from sight when the cover is folded to a very clean appearance. Clarksville was the Court House of Red River County. $250.00
TX331

CSA #5 (4-Margin with very minor faults and a decent color) tied by the Liberty, Texas CDS with an AUG (1862) date. Orange paper cover addressed to W. E. Beaird Esqr, Orrville, Alabama. Very clean cover and a scarce Texas use for the 10c Rose Lithograph. Ex-Camina. $950.00
TX333

Handstamp PAID (no rate) Type A with the Owensville, Tex CDS 24 DEC. Full Military Address to Maj L. C. Scogin, 3rd Cavalry Battalion, Texas State Troops, Sabine Pass, Texas. Routing instruction manuscript at lower left "Please forward immediately." No evidence that  the cover was forwarded. The addressee is in the records as Lewis Grissom Scoggins (1822-1874). He joined the 3rd Cav Batt Texas State Troops in late 1863. The regiment was mustered out in early 1864 and saw no combat. Some period staining at the lower left corner, but otherwise Very Fine. $400.00
TX334

CSA #4 Stone 2 Plated as Position 38 (4-Margin with just a little gum toning at the top edge) tied by a weak strike of the Belton, Tex CDS 1 JUN (1862) with a second stronger strike of the same CDS to the left. Adveristy Cover as the stamp was affixed directly over the embossing of a 3c Red Star Die. The stamp has been lifted and moved to the left so that the Star Die can be demonstrated. Addressed to Mrs. Junius W. Smith, Fort Worth Tarrant County, Texas via Dallas. The adressee was the wife of a prominent attorney in the area. Covers referenceing both Fort Worth and Dallas together at this time are very scarce as the major town in the area during the war was Weatherford in Parker County. Cover with a minor reduction at the left not affecting anything, otherwise a Very Fine Adversity Cover. Ex-Kramer. $900.00
TX335

"Paid 10" manuscript with a full strike of the Bonham, Texas CDS 28 AUG. Small commercially made Lady's type cover with an embossed floral design at the left. Trans-Mississippi use to Mrs. M. A. Avery, Acworth, Cobb County, Georgia. Erosion hole in the floral design which is unobtrusive, otherwise a very clean appearance. $300.00
TX336

Soldier's DUE 10 handstamp (Type C) with two strikes of the small single rim dateless Cold Spring, Tex CDS. Very small but complete folded letter written in German and dated 19 JAN 1864. Addressed to H. G. Friedrich, San Filipe, Austin Cty, Tex. Endorsed at left "Letter from a member of Mosly's light Battery C.S.A." Captain William G. Moseley's Company Light Artillery (also known as the 7th Texas Field Artillery Battery) underwent a number of reorganizations and assignments but remained in the Trans-Mississippi for the duration. This is the listing cover for the Cold Spring, Tex Soldier's DUE 10 handstamp illustrated in the new CSA Catalog. Very Fine. Ex-Bleuler. $450.00
TX337

CSA #7 Pair (4-Margin with an extremelt minor margin fault at the lower right corner) tied by an unusually clear strike of the New Braunfels, Tex CDS 1 DEC. Blue paper folded cover (lettersheet with the letter part of the cover removed)  addressed to J. H. Thurmond Esqr, San Antonio (Texas). Very Fine. $325.00
TX339

CSA #4 Stone 2 (not plated) (4-Margin) and CSA #7 (4-Margin) Combination Use to make the 10c rate tied together and to the cover by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 5 NOV 1862. Addressed to Mr. L. White Esqr, Corsicana, Navarro Co., Texas. Very clean cover with a minor reduction on the right and minor edge faults. Scarce Texas use. Ex-Tate. $850.00
TX340

CSA #11 (AD) (4-Margin) canceled and tied by the manuscript postal markings "Fairfield Tex Apl 5." Somewhat obscure use from Freestone County. Coarse brown paper cover with Military Address to Dr. Benj F. Blackmon, Co A Timmon's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address was Waul's Texas Legion commanded by Col Barnard Timmons (1835-1884) from Sept 1863 to the end of the war. The unit was guarding the Texas coast stationed at this time at Galveston. Benjamin Franklin Blackmon, although a doctor, served as a private in the Legion. Cover is complete and clean and shows only a little edge wear. $300.00
TX341

CSA #12 (AD) (margins tight top and bottom) tied by the Austin, Tex small double circle CDS (date not fully apparent but receiving docketing dates the cover to 6 JAN 1865). Military Address to Col Ben Allston, Ins. Gen, T.M.D (Inspector General Trans-Mississippi Department), Shreveport, La. Benjamin Allston (1833-1900), an 1853 graduate of West Point, was a South Carolina rice planter and an Episcopal minister. Beginning in March 1861, he had service in a number of different units (cavalry) and was promoted Colonel 5/15/1862. He was captured as a POW at Harrodsburg Kentucky 10/10/1862 while commanding the 3rd Brigade of Tennessee Cavalry and was exchanged 12/4/1862. He later joined General Kirby-Smith's staff as the Trans-Mississippi Department Inspector General. Very clean cover reduced slightly at the left. $250.00
TX343

Turned Cover from the Neblett Correspondence - First Use (inside) Galveston, Tex (stamp missing) to Wm H. Neblett Esqr, Anderson, Grimes Co., Texas. Second Use (outside)_ CSA #12c Greenish-Blue (margin tight at right) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 23 NOV. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co, Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf (same unit at TX342 above) commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Very Clean Cover. Ex-Hill. $350.00
TX344

CSA #7 Horz Pair (4-Margin) tied by the Anderson, Tex CDS 2 JUN. Military Address to Mr. Wm H. Neblett, Capt Stephenson's Co (I), Col Elmore's Regt, Galveston, Texas. The unit in the address is the 20th Tex Inf commanded by Col Henry Marshall Elmore (1816-1879). The regiment essentially spent the war guarding the Texas coast in the Galveston area. The Neblett Correspondence between Galveston and Anderson is well documented. Part of top back flap missing, otherwise Very Fine. $250.00
TX345

CSA #12c (AD) Greenish-Blue (4-Margin) tied by the small single rim Tyler, Tex CDS 4 DEC (1863). Folded Letter complete written on blue lined notebook paper and addressed to Col S. M. Noble, Nacogdoches, Texas. The letter is from Capt W. F. Thompson and is part personal and partly deals with the disposition of conscripts. Sebron M. Noble was the Lt Col of the 17th Tex Cav. Col Noble was killed-in-action at the Battle of Mansfield (Louisiana) 4/8/1864. The Battle of Mansfield was part of the Red River Campaign when Union forces attempted to capture Shreveport, La. W. F. Thompson was Captain of Co C 17th Tex Cav. No further record. Very Fine folded letter. $250.00
TX346

CSA #2 H&L (4-Margin but with pre-affixing faults) tied by the small single rim Sabine Pass, Tex CDS 2 MAY (1862). Addressed to Mrs. Celina Duncan, Liberty, Texas. Sabine Pass was an important military site on the Texas coast near Port Arthur and the site of two battles (1862 and 1863) when the Union forces attempted to invade Texas but were beaten back. Cover most likely from a soldier in the area to his wife at home. The cover is complete but shows light foxing, edge and corner wear, and a sealed edge tear at the lower right. Still a presentable cover with a scarce Texas postmark. $400.00 
TX347

CSA #4 Stone 2 Position 23 (margins irregular with pre-affixing faults and gum staining at the lower right) tied by the small single rim Uvalde, Tex CDS (date not apparent). Addressed to Miss Vicroria Cliett, Prairie Lee PO, Caldwell Co., Texas. Cover with sealed edge tears at the right. Despite the stamp faults and the sealed tear, the cover has an overall very clean appearance and is very presentable with a scarce Texas postmark. The CSA #4 stamp is not commonly seen used in Texas. $400.00 
TX348

CSA #1 Stone 1 Olive Green (not plated) (4-Margin) with a Grid cancel and the matching partial strike of the Bastrop, Tex CDS to the left 8 JAN 1862. Addressed to R. J. Palmer, Millican, Texas. Cover is clean but shows some edge and corner wear with a minor old repair at the top edge. Ex- VanDyk MacBride with his unsigned notation on the reverse. $250.00
TX349

Stampless Soldier's "due 10" manuscript with no other postal markings. Endorsed at top left "H. A. Keenan 5th Texas Regt Co (D) Robertson's Brigade, Hood's Division." Addressed to Mrs. A. L. Smither, Huntsville, Texas. The 5th Tex Inf was an ANV unit. Therefore, the cover originated either in Virginia or perhaps in East Tennesse after the Battle of Chickamauga. The regiment was part of Robertson's Brigade for only a limited time May 1863- Sept 1863 which narrows the date for this cover. The 5th Texas Regiment operated its own military express service beginning in 1862 (Edey's 5th Texas Regiment Express). Pvt Edey, who operated the service, devised printed lables for the service which are very scarce with the latest recorded use in October 1862. Pvt Edey was wounded and captured as a POW at Gettysburg. The service was possibly carried on after Edey's capture by Sgt W. U. Bayles. More about this on Page 265 of the Collector's Guide to Confederate Philately Second Edition. This cover, which is most likely not long after the Fall of Vicksburg, may have used the regimental express service with the cover handcarried by a soldier across the Mississippi and then posted somewhere on the other side of the river where the "due 10" manuscript was applied for delivery on to Huntsville, Texas. But a postmark was not applied. This cannot be proven without a postmark, but appears to be the most likely scenario at this time. Pvt W. A. Keenan was accidentally wounded in the ankle at Darbeytown Road (Va) 10/7/1864 and granted a wound furlough to return home to Texas but never returned and was ultimately declared AWOL. The regimental Sergt-Major was J. M. Smither who was wounded in the head at Chickamauga but survived the war. Perhaps Pvt Keenan sent this cover back to Huntsville, Texas to a Smither relative to inform them that the Sergt-Major had been wounded. Top edge wear and part of top back flap missing. Very interesting cover which could benefit from further Texas research.    $400.00
TX351

Stampless El Paso, Tex CDS (partial strike) soldier's "Due 10" manuscript with a MAR (1862) date. Endorsed at left "Surgeon Bracht C.S.A." This is a Confederate Army of New Mexico Sibley Expedition Cover as Dr Felix Bracht (an immigrant from Germany) was the expedition surgeon. Reportedly one of two known letters from Dr. Bracht. This is a lengthy folded letter complete to Dr Bracht's wife in New Braunfels, Texas. The letter is written in 19th century German and has not been translated. The letter is fragile and must be handled with extreme care. Fold separations have been reinforced on the inside with modern nearly invisible archival tape. Confederate El Paso, Texas covers are very scare, especially those covers tied to the Sibley Expedition. The Confederate Army evacuated the El Paso area and left it to the Union in July 1862. $950.00

TX352
6/27/2019
CSA #7 (two singles margins a little irregular) tied by the Richmond, Tex CDS 12 DEC with a second strike of the same CDS to the right. Addressed to Rt Revd Alex Gregg DD, Austin, Texas. The addressee was the Bishop of the Protestant-Episcopal Diocese of Texas. Part of a folded letter front only.$100.00

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Postal History Part 5

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