Dietz Die Proof
Genuine Stamp

CSA #14 -- 1c Yellow/Orange -- John C. Calhoun


1. Designer: Unknown but probably Jean Ferdinand Joubert De La Ferte

2. Engraver: Unknown but probably Jean Ferdinand Joubert De La Ferte

3. Printing Method: Typography

4. Printer: De La Rue & Co -- London, England

5. Number Printed: 400,000

6. Number of Plates: One

7. Earliest Recorded Date of Use: Never placed into use

8. Plating: Full panes still remain

9. Inscription: None

10. Plate Numbers: None

11. Arrangement: Sheets of 400, Panes of 100 (delivered by De La Rue in 1/2 sheets of 200)

12. Major Colors: Deep Orange

13. Minor Colors: Light Orange, Yellow (may be due to fading)

14. Largest Known Multiple Unused: A 1/2 Sheet of 200 may exist but is not confirmed. The largest confirmed multiple is a Pane of 100.

15. Largest Known Multiple Used: N/A

16. Major Print Varieties: None

17. Most Typical Use: N/A

18. Secondary Use: N/A

19. Miscellaneous Data: These stamps were printed, delivered, but never issued. Even though the printing number (400,000) is low, the stamps are not all that rare as most survived. However, the orange color was a poor choice for a stamp because most of the stamps have faded to the point where the portrait is difficult to see. At the time the stamp was ordered, the drop letter rate and circular rate was projected to be 1c. This rate never materialized as the 2c rate was adopted instead. Consequently, there was no need for the 1c stamps when they were delivered by De La Rue & Co. (It is not known when the stamps and the plates were delivered to the Confederacy). These unused stamps were stored away after delivery and found after the war had ended. Therefore, no legitimately used examples exist. Sometime after the war had ended, a Union soldier got his hands on some of these stamps and made an envelope from a sheet of the stamps. He used the back of another sheet to write a letter and then mailed it to his home. The cover and letter made from the stamps still exist and are currently in two private collections as the cover and the letter are no longer together.