Questions and Answers

CSA Questions & Answers

14 DEC 1998

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Q 5 - How do you tell the difference between the Paterson and the Hoyer & Ludwig printings of the CSA #2?

A 5 - In 1861, the contract for printing the 10c Blue Thomas Jefferson stamp was given to the Hoyer & Ludwig Company of Richmond, Va. These stamps were originally intended to pay the 10c single rate over 500 miles. Apparently the Hoyer & Ludwig Company was not able to handle the demand for the stamps particularly with the proposed rate change to a uniform 10c for any distance on 1 JUL 1862. Consequently, the printing of these stamps was transferred to the J. T. Paterson Company of Augusta, Ga sometime in the first half of 1862. The fact that there were actually two printers involved in this stamp was not actually recognized by collectors until 1912 when a part sheet of the 10c blue lithograph was discovered with the Paterson imprint. Even though Scott only assigns one major number to the 10c blue, specialty CSA collectors consider these to be two distinct major types. In order for a type set of the CSA General Issues to be complete, both printings should be included. The earliest known use of the Hoyer & Ludwig print is 8 NOV 1861, and the Paterson print earliest known use is 25 JUL 1862. The distinguishing characteristics are illustrated below:

There are other minor characteristics but the ones noted above are the major ones and can be easily spotted with a simple magnifier. These characteristics are illustrated below.

The Hoyer & Ludwig stamp is on the left, and the Paterson stamp is on the right. The numbers correspond to the list of characteristics above. Note that the postmark on the Paterson stamp is dated 1861 which is incorrect as this stamp was not available until July 1862. This is actually a genuine stamp used to illustrate the characteristics, but the postmark is a fake postmark. This stamp comes from my personal collection of phony CSA Postal History.

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